Oz Magazines

Oziana, Oz-story Magazine, The Baum Bugle & The Emerald City Mirror


The following is a list of Oz magazines from 1963 to the present that contain new and in many cases exclusive stories.  This page lists each story, along with plot synopses and continuity notes.  Spoilers apply, as this list is intended as an aid for readers interested in observing continuity in the body of Ozian lore, as well as for authors and editors concerned with maintaining consistency with what has come before.





The Baum Bugle, Volume 7: Number 3: Christmas 1963

The Tin Woodman and the Tin Soldier of Oz


Story: As is their annual tradition, the Tin Woodman heads off to the home of the Tin Soldier in the Gillikin Country.  The pair happily reunite and determine, based on the Scarecrow's hypothesis, that they're cousins.  Nick Chopper asks Captain Fyter what his original name, but as he cannot recall it Nick christens him Abel Fyter, since he has proven to be an able fighter.  This pleases the Tin Soldier, who invites Nick to help him cut down a field of flowers that has proven dangerous to travelers and unsuspecting passersby.  The Tin Woodman isn't sure his kind heart would allow for such a thing, but Fyter assures him he won't mind. 


Entering the beautiful field of wildflowers, the pair are then viciously attacked by a wide variety of wildflowers which attempt to destroy them.  So, together the two tin men proceed to cut down all of the violent flora.  After it's done, the Tin Woodman still feels a bit sad, but his cousin produces magic seed the Wizard of Oz had given him, which they plant.  The new flora will produce both beautiful and useful flowers, food, drink, clothing and even pets, as they will prove gentle instead of destructive.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no indication as to when this story takes place, save that it is some time after Ozma sent the Tin Soldier to protect the wild Gillikin Country in The Tin Woodman of Oz.  As the Tin Woodman and Tin Soldier have developed a custom of meeting annually, it must be at least five years from that point.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it 10 years after, in 1918.


The Tin Soldier: In this story, for the first time Captain Fyter is given a first name by the Tin Woodman, who christens him Abel Fighter.





The Baum Bugle, Volume 11, Number 2: August 1967


The Crystal People


History: Chapters 8 of Jack Snow's original The Shaggy Man of Oz.  Asked by a Reilly & Lee editor to change 40% of the manuscript, this chapter is all that survived of the very different story that Shaggy Man would have been. 


Another chapter, "Into the Cave," which would have been chapter 7, was initially thought to have survived, and is currently being searched for.  Father Goose joins the travelers in this one.  One major loss is the third Oz book Snow had been writing, Over the Rainbow to Oz, which according to the late Lin Carter (a colleague of Snow's), would have chronicled the adventures of Polychrome and a mortal boy, as well as the Good Witch of the North, concluding in the former castle of the Wicked Witch of the West.  


Story: Aboard the ship The Ozma, which is cruising along the Gillikin River, the Shaggy Man, Ozma, Dorothy, the Scarecrow, Cap'n Bill, Trot, Button Bright and the Tin Woodman encounter Prince Stalag and Princess Stalac, who look forward to the day they'll unite in nearly 350 million years when they become the rulers of Oz. 






Baum Bugle vol. 23, #3, Winter 1979 issue

Baum Bugle vol.24, #2, Autumn 1980 issue

Scraps and the Magic Box


History: This was first published as story contest in the Winter 1979 Baum Bugle.  The first half was written by Fred Meyer.  The winner, Camilla Townsend, had her conclusion appear two issues later.  Fred Meyer's story was then reprinted with a different conclusion, by an unidentified  author, five years later in the March Laumer compilation, In Other Lands than Oz.  Given that Laumer was one of the authors who sent in a submission to the Bugle, it seems likely that the conclusion of the story published in the latter book is Laumer's.  The Royal Publisher of Oz considers the first conclusion to be the one that best fits the mainline timeline. Note: Other concluding entries were submitted from Robin Hess, Sean Duffley and David Bedell.


Story: When the Royal Gardener summons Ozma to move a mendus tree that's shading a green rose bush, Ozma calls upon Scraps, whose chasing a Flutterbug, to bring the Magic Belt to her.  Scraps goes to get it, but is annoyed at having to stop playing to run errands for Ozma.  After grabbing the Belt and fastening it around her, she wishes there was some way she could avoid doing errands.


Scraps stumbles on a small box on the floor, which she puts in her pocket.  After delivering the Belt, she goes off to look more closely at the box, and it reads: "The Choice Box" and includes instructions for finding out what will happen with any choice she makes, and with a button she can undo that choice.  Scraps loves the idea and states that she wants to be Queen so that she doesn't have to do anything.  She presses the correct button, and soon finds Ojo and Button Bright bowing to her.  Touching her head she finds a crown there.  In the Throne Room, her friends bow before her, but as she climbs the steps, however, she trips and the box falls out of her pocket unto the floor, where Tik-Tok accidentally steps on it, destroying her ability to undo what she did!


Conclusion #1: Scraps is miserable at what she's done, and runs off to look for Ozma in the Magic Picture.  But when no one appears, she becomes disconsolate.  No one but her knows who Ozma is, and for weeks she mopes about the palace until she comes upon the Gump, who informs her that he'd seen the box as well, as it had appeared in this very corridor, thus he remained unaffected like her.  Ozma, he reveals, is an unknown farm maid with a pretty belt.  Scraps is annoyed that he's known the situation but hasn't said anything, but he informs her that in the Jackdaw's nest that he'd landed in (The Marvelous Land of Oz) is the pill that Tip wished he'd never swallowed.  If she get someone to swallow it, as the Wogglebug had done then, she could wish for things back to normal.


The next morning, Scraps consults a map and requests that the Wizard sends her to the Jackdaw's next between Aurissau and Ribdil.  He agrees, and she grabs the Woozy to bring with her.  After searching for a time, they find a pepper box with two silver pills.  She drops one, and then instructs the Woozy to swallow the other and count to seventeen by two's starting with one half.  Although not comprehending this request, he obeys, and she wishes she'd never found the Choice Box. 


Alone in Ozma boudoir, Scraps can't remember anything that transpired, save that Ozma is waiting for the Magic Belt in the Garden.  The Gump, however, winks!


Conclusion #2: Professor Wogglebug tells Scraps that Ozma has abdicated and revealed that because she's not having any fun, she wants to return to being the boy Tip, and with the Magic Belt, did so!  Scraps goes to see Dorothy, who Tip gave the Magic Belt to.  Dorothy's not happy about the situation, or the fact that Ozma didn't make her queen.  Scraps feigns that Ozma had to choose an immortal to rule Oz.  Tip comes in to invite Dorothy to travel Oz with him, but Dorothy exclaims that she only wanted a princess, not a sweetheart.  So Tip allows Dorothy to make a wish, and with that Tip returns to being Queen Ozma.


Continuity notes:

Conclusions: The Royal Timeline of Oz considers Conclusion #1 (published in the Baum Bugle) the one that best fits on the mainline timeline.  The second one, purportedly from Laumer, has Ozma become the male Tip again.  Tip only changes her mind about this when he discovers that Dorothy won't run away with him and prefers him a girl.


Dating: There is no explicit year given, though it may be June or July given the concern over the roses not blooming.  The list of those in the palace, coupled with Scraps' choices for swallowing the Wishing Pill, coupled with a particularly immature streak, seem to point to an earlier place on the timeline.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1906.






The Baum Bugle, Volume 59: Number 1, Spring 2015


Story: While the Wizard takes to painting as a new hobby, the Wicked Witch of the West decides to leave her castle and fly her umbrella to the Emerald City to challenge the Wizard to a duel of magic.  After painting a picture of the elephant Tilly, who he had befriended in the circus, the Wizard looks around at the mess he made in the studio, and goes to clean it with soap and a bucket of water.  When he's done he tosses it out the window, just as the witch pulls in.  The water nearly hits her, but she raises her umbrella and deflects the deadly deluge.  The Witch flees, and the Wizard, now spotting her, ponders this, wondering if she hates his artwork.


Continuity notes:

Date: Story takes place in the Spring.  It takes place in the Emerald City, and early in the Wizard's time, before he begins using disguises and hiding from the people.  The earliest date is 1892 (when it was first built).  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in the following year 1893.


Soldier with the Green Whiskers: This story establishes that the Soldier with the Green Whiskers was with the Wizard at least as far back as the establishment of the Emerald City.


Wicked Witch of the West: This story explicitly reveals that the Witch uses her umbrella not only for protection against rain, but as a means of transport, much like a traditional witch's broom.





Oziana 1971

Number 1

Edited by Gary Ralph and Fred Meyer

(reprinted in 2003)


History: This issue represents the first officially-sanctioned expansion of the Oz series since the last book in the series published by Reilly & Lee, Merry Go Round in Oz Oziana magazine would go on to publish stories in continuity (and a few outside of it), showcasing the talent and diversity of numerous authors and illustrators, and officially opening up canon to not one, but many new royal historians.



The Patchwork Girl and the Giant, by Harry Mongold; illustrated by Bill Eubank

Story: After flopping around the palace and scaring Eureka, Scraps leaves the Emerald City in search of adventure (it had been a long time since she'd had one).  Somersaulting up and down hills, she comes across a screech owl named Hoonk, who was blown off course by a giant and can't get back home.  Scraps leads the owl to spy on the giant, who she sees has one extra large hand that he uses to dam up the water in the canyon where he rests.  He threatens to eat them, even though he knows Scraps isn't a meat creature, and ensnares them with some sticky smoke he blows at them.  When asked about the dam, he explains that he must block it up every night otherwise a neighboring magician will turn him into a turtle.  Scraps calls out to that magician, but only a chipmunk notices her call.


Later, however, an ogreish magician emerges from his hut, with purple skin and an oversized head.  He determines they're too small for the giant to eat, but will make a good breakfast for him.  He utters a spell, and suddenly Scraps and Hoonk find themselves in the Wizard's study in the Emerald City.  The ogre then transforms into the Wizard, apologizing that the guise is necessary to keep the giant in line.  The chipmunk had alerted him to their presence, but they were in no danger as he'd transformed the giant so that he can never do harm to a living creature, and can only eat stone.  He keeps him damming the water so keep him out of mischief.  The Wizard sends Hoonk home while Scraps determines to have fun closer to home.



Dating: Though no year is listed, Scraps notes that she hasn't had an adventure in a long time.  


Wizard: The Wizard's use of a disguise  hearkens not only to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, but his trick on Dorothy in The Little Wizard Stories of Oz short, "Little Dorothy and Toto in Oz."


Wizard's Transformation: To deal with the giant's omnivorous appetite, the Wizard uses a spell that causes him to eat stones and renders him unable to harm any living creature.  This nonviolent method of dealing with those who continue to insist on eating meat in Oz may explain how they treat carnivorous Kalidahs and others like them.



Tik-Tok Takes a Trip, by Harry Mongold; illustrated by Bill Eubank: Poem



The Cowardly Lion Changes His Name, by March Laumer; illustrated by Tony Moses



Sherlock Holmes in Oz, by Ruth Berman; illustrated by Damon Ralph

History: This is the first appearance of Sherlock Holmes in an Oz story, and the first crossover between the worlds of L. Frank Baum and Arthur Conan Doyle.  From a chronological perspective, however, Barbara Hambly's "The Adventure of the Sinister Chinaman" takes place first.


Story: When the magic Rainbow Pearl that Inga presented to Ozma at the previous night's celebration goes missing, and they can't locate it in the Magic Picture, the Scarecrow suggests they summon the greatest of all detectives, Sherlock Holmes, to solve the mystery.  Dorothy had read the Arthur Conan Doyle book, A Study in Scarlet back in Kansas, but didn't think he was real.  The Wizard believes he can bring him to Oz, and after lunch, manages to bring forth Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, who are stunned to find themselves in a magical country.


After introductions and explanations, Ozma reveals that they summoned him to help solve a mystery involving the stolen Rainbow Pearl, and she tells him the circumstances surrounding it.  After examining the table where it had been kept, he notes a potted cactus plant, which he is told is the former Wizard Wutz.  Yet, Ruggedo's cactus is missing!  Holmes declares that he knows where the pearl is and how to catch the thief.


After going to the Throne Room, he has Ozma announce that they'd discover the pearl, and before long a crowd gathers there.  After a knock on the front door revealing no one, Holmes grabs a Nome hiding behind the throne, and everyone is shocked to see Kaliko. 


As to the Rainbow Pearl, Holmes goes back behind the throne, and pulls out the cactus that is Ruggedo, and lying under the dirt in the pot is the gem.  Kaliko had been hiding there with it, and using a knocker to simulate the knock at the front door, hoped to escape undetected when their attention was diverted.


The Nome King explains that he hates being king with all the demands placed on him, and that although he knows Ruggedo was a bad person, he recalls he was a good king.  Kaliko hoped that if his magicians can't disenchant him, he can use the Long-Eared Hearer to hear Ruggedo's thoughts through the cactus, and thus he could rule in that way. 


Ozma decrees that Ruggedo can't do much harm as a cactus in the Nome Kingdom, and allows Kaliko to leave with him, sending them with the Magic Belt back to Ev.  As to Holmes and Watson, they enjoy dinner and are then returned to the outside world.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The story takes place in the course of a day.  No explicit dates are presented, though there are clues as to when it might take place, the main one being the existence of Ruggedo and Wutz in cacti forms, an event that occurred in Handy Mandy in Oz.  This is the first appearance of Sherlock Holmes in Oz.  He will shortly thereafter come to live in Oz.  Holmes is said to have been born in 1854.  By 1935, he'd be 81 years old. The Royal Timeline of Oz, thus, places this story in 1935.


Ruggedo and Kaliko: This is the first attempt to steal and/or disenchant Ruggedo from his cactus form.  It is clear that it doesn't last, and whether Ruggedo is disenchanted or not by the Nomes, eventually he returns to the Emerald City where he resumes being a cactus.  What's unknown is how long he remains a cactus in the Nome Kingdom, and at what point Kaliko rejected him from his domain.


Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson: The Wizard had met Holmes and Watson in the outside world in 1901, in "The Adventure of the Sinister Chinaman." Although there is there is no dialogue to indicate this earlier meeting, there is more importantly nothing contradicts it.  In any short story, details not pertinent to the immediate events are often left out.  The dialogue of their reunion may simply have not been included when the Historian recorded this story.  As Holmes is 81 at the time of his first visit to Oz, his "responsibilities back home" cannot amount to too much, and although the story doesn't record it, other stories indicate that he came to live in Oz, likely by invitation of the Wizard and Ozma.  His later adventures include "The Adventure of the Cat That Did Not Meow in the Night."







Oziana 1972

Number 2

Edited by Gary Ralph and Fred Meyer



It's Tuesday, This Must be Oz, by Mary Reynolds; illustrated by Tony Moses


Scraps and the Cruel Kalidah, by Brian Baker; illustrated by Damon Ralph

Story: With everyone staying indoors due to the heat, Scraps heads to the Winkie Country to visit Jack Pumpkinhead.  En route, she comes across a boy named Dynal up in a tree calling for help.  A kalidah tries to reach him from below.  Scraps warns the kalidah, but he tells her doesn't care for Ozma's law, which is why his tribe expelled him.  He agrees to let the boy go if Scraps can find him a suitable alternative before sunset.


After several hours, she can't find a morsel, but when she comes across a small group of houses, the flowers spray her with water and the doorbell zaps her!  The resident, Ivor Jape, tells her she's in Jokesville, where they make practical jokes "used all over the world."  Scraps explains her dilemma, and soon returns to Dynal and the waiting Kalidah.  She brings him a sack of biscuits, pies and treats, and urges Dynal from the tree.  As they get away, they can hear the kalidah roaring, as he discovers that all the food is made of plastic.


Continuity notes: Story takes place in the summer, but no other year is indicated.  It could take place at any point after The Patchwork Girl of Oz.  Due to the fact that it's a challenge for Scraps to find food-growing trees, or people in the Winkie country after several hours of searching, or friends in the Emerald City to spend time with, it likely takes place earlier than later.  The kalidahs had, by and large, become peaceful by the time of The Emerald City of Oz, so an earlier setting can work.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1907.


Mr. Thinman in Oz, by Fred Meyer & Adrienne Martinez; illustrated by Bill Eubank.

Story: When Mr. Thinman is cleaning his attic, he discovers a Persian rug and goes on a trip to Oz.  He finds the Wizard's hat in the Winkie country, along with the blue dragon Cazmar, whose cried himself out.  Mr. Thiman makes a fire, restoring the dragon, whose looking for his beloved Vezira, who Mombi enchanted.  They attempt to get directions to the Emerald City from a nearby castle, but the road won't let them, until they take the magic rug.  At the castle, they discover a woman trapped in the tower.  An old caretaker tells Cazmar to burn the door down, which releases her.  Remembering the Magic Hat, Mr. Thinman requests something with the power to disenchant, and receives a pancake turner that disenchants the woman back into the dragon Vezira.  The caretaker similarly disenchants herself to the nine-year Princess Amberina.  When the King gets offended that Mr. Thinman won't marry her, the dragons come and rescue him.  The Wizard arrives to find his hat, and greets Mr. Thinman, and invites him to the Emerald City.  Ozma notes that the rug is the famous Flying Carpet of Oz that belonged to her great grandfather, King Ozandahan.


Continuity notes:

Dating: No explicit date appears in the text. Date is my own. Mombi’s enchantment places the start of these events prior to her "death" in 1913, while the Wizard's appearance places it after Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz.  It's unknown how long ago Mombi enchanted Vezira and Amberinan, or how long they were enchanted.  It's also not known why Mombi enchanted the nine-year old Winkie princess. 


King Ozandahan: Because Ozma notes that this is the name of her great grandfather, and we know that her father is Pastoria II, grandfather was the Mad King Pastoria I, and great grandfather was Ozroar, Ozroar is the same as King Oz Andahan, aka Ozanadahan the Roarer, aka. Ozroar.  For more details, see the article, "The High Kings and Queens of Oz" in the Appendices.


To Oz Through the Mists, by Diana Merryman; illustrated by Mary Reynolds

Story: When 18 year old orphan Merrilana leaves to take a test, she finds herself in a strange fog, and suddenly ends up in the company of the Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion, who are baking cookiees for Ozma's birthday. 


After the initial shock, she pitches in with the baking and shares some of her experiences as she learns some of theirs.  But as the hour grows late, she declines going to Ozma's party, needing to get to school to take a test she hopes will win her a scholarship to become a writer. 


Nick and the Lion figure out that she must have arrived by means of a magic fog, as "indecision in the indecisive fog leads to wishes."  So between the oven and the ice box, they create their own fog, allowing her to return back home.  She promises to return to write down their stories.


Continuity notes: Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place on August 21st, but no other year is otherwise given.  The Royal Timeline currently places this story in 1961.







Oziana 1973

Number 3

Edited by Gary Ralph and Fred Meyer



Tempus Temporis in Terra Ozis, by George Van Buren; illustrated by George Van Buren



The Improbable Forest (Comprises chapters 19−21 of The Sawhorse of Oz), by Harry Mongold; illustrated by Kevin Harris. 

Story and Continuity notes: See The Sawhorse of Oz for plot synopsis and continuity notes.


Excerpt from the Oziad: Part One, The Patchwork Girl of Oz, by Fred Otto; illustrated by Mary Reynolds







Oziana 1974

Number 4

Edited by Gary Ralph and Fred Meyer



Abra Kadabra of Oz, by Melody Grandy; illustrated by Melody Grandy

History: Melody Grandy’s first published work set in the land of Oz.  She'll go on to write several others, including the epic Seven Blue Mountains of Oz trilogy.


Story: When the witch Abra Kadabra breaks into the palace and steals Ozma's newfound ruby wand, Ozma and her party set out for the Cold Snap Mountains in the Gillikin country to retrieve it.


Continuity notes: Date is uncertain, but occurs shortly after one of Ozma’s birthdays.  Because the Good Witch of the North is present (and practicing magic), and Dorothy mentions the events of The Magic of Oz, it must be after that book and before the GWN’s disenchantment in The Giant Horse of Oz.


Jimmy Bulber of Oz, by Frank Joslyn Baum; illustrated by Mary Reynolds

Story: In an attempt to lure victims to the Dark Forest, the witch Zoru decides to brighten the forest.  To attain this, she constructs a man with a glass-bulb head.  But as she sleeps from her labors, Quar the ruler of the Tree Nomes, enters her hut and accidentally spills the magic life-charms, the final ingredient that brings the being to life.  Happy to be alive, he asks the Tree Nome to name him, which he does, and Jimmy Bulber lights up and goes off to explore Oz.


Continuity notes: Besides Rosine and the Laughing Dragon of Oz, Frank Joslyn Baum wrote this short Oz story involving the witch Zoru from his book, and the titular character.  This was first published in Oziana 1974 and later included in the privately printed version of Rosine and the Laughing Dragon of OzIt is difficult to discern which comes first, though if the bowl of orange berries, called "magic life charms," which brought Jimmy to life, contained Powder of Life, then it occurs prior to Rosine and the Laughing Dragon of Oz, as she loses the Powder of Life in that story.  The Tree Nomes (aka the Nomes of Oz) are clearly not the same as the Nomes of Ev; they are much smaller beings that appear to have kinship with the Rock Nomes of The Witch Queen of Oz.


Excerpt from the Oziad: Part Two, How It All Began, by Harry Mongold; illustrated by Mary Reynolds



Oz-E-Gag, by Bill Eubank



The Mysterious Palace of Voe, by Jay Delkin; illustrated by John R. Neill

Note: Based on an illustration from Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, this short story, which takes place shortly after that book, tells a rare tale of the Wizard's tutelage under Glinda.







Oziana 1975

Number 5

Edited by Gary Ralph



The Romance of the Silver Shoes, by Laura Jane Musser; illustrated by Bill Eubank

Story: During an uncharacteristic thunderstorm in the Emerald City, Dorothy and Toto head to the throne room, where Ozma introduces them to Queen Turbulenta, ruler of the Kingdom of Storms near the Shifting Sands.  As she's been trying to speak to Dorothy, but could not cross the Desert, Ozma, who learned of her dilemma (but could not use the Magic Belt on a Nature Spirit elemental) , sent a message to Polychrome's father to allow her passage via the Rainbow Bridge.  The Wizard joins them in Ozma's sitting room, as Queen Turbulenta explains that she'd like Dorothy's help retrieving the Silver Shoes, which belong to her sister Princess Zephyra, ruler of the Spring and Summer Breezes, as they were a gift to her from the god Mercury, the Spirit of Speed, enabling the wearer to travel as fast as the wind.  They also provide the gift of inspiration.  From the Great Book of Records, Ozma discovered that an old crone had learned about the Shoes from an ancient book on necromancy and charmed an eagle to carry them off one day when Zephyra was bathing. 


Queen Turbulenta, Prince Torno (the prince of cyclones) and his sister Princess Zephyra tried to get them back, in vain, until Torno got the idea to bring a child from the outside world, since children have a spiritual connection to Fairyland.  Torno created a cyclone to bring Dorothy to Oz, hoping that she'd get the Shoes, but the prince fogot he couldn't get her out of Oz or communicate with the Good Witches.   The Shoes are now in the keeping of Sandrika the Sand Witch, who rules over the Deadly Desert.  A Dust Devil had brought them to her Sand Castle near Ev as a tax payment.  With a magic ring to protect her from the Desert (and a circlet for Toto), they hope Dorothy will retrieve the Shoes from Sandrika.  They warn her that she has an eye that never sleeps and can turn people to stone.  Nor can she be melted.  Ozma gives her a necklace with a large locket that opens to a mirror.


Soon, Dorothy and Toto are dropped off by Prince Torno's chariot to the Sand Castle.  Sandrika interviews her, but Dorothy lies about how she arrived there.  The Sand Witch designates her servant #6 and warns her about angering her, the Dust Devils, and letting Toto out of her room.  Dorothy works as a chamber maid for her for six weeks, then Sandrika announces that she's going to visit her cousin Princess Langwidere in Ev (King Evoldo is her third cousin twice removed).  Dorothy leaves Toto with instructions to keep to himself as the other servants are jealous.  With the Silver Shoes they arrive at Langwidere's country estate.


The servant Nanda informs her of their arrival and of Dorothy, who she remembers from her last visit.  The princess doesn't recall, but then she switches to head #17 and remembers.  After greeting her cousin, she accuses Dorothy.  Furious at her betrayal, Sandrika attempts to turn her to stone, but Dorothy keeps her eyes shut.  After Langwidere retires, the Sand Witch determines to conquer Oz, and clicks her heels.  Toto, meanwhile, is caught by a servant and thrown to the Dust Devils, who bring him onto the sands.  He's saved by Torno's circlet, but for five days he's tied up to their cave entrance and left without food or water until a rainstorm provides some.  When the Dust Devil leaves to stir up the sands, Toto's chain falls off (due to his thinness), he slowly climbs the cliff and arrives at a meadow.  In the distance, he spots the Tin Woodman's castle and runs for it.  Nick feeds him after hearing his story, and starts at once for the Emerald City.


Sandrika, meanwhile, forces Dorothy to the palace where they discover that the Wizard and Ozma are at Glinda's.  She makes Dorothy request to go to Ozma's boudiour, where the Sand Witch demands Dorothy unlock the safe.  She doesn't know the combination, however, and Sandrika mercilessly shakes Dorothy until her locket falls off, exposing the mirror, which looking into, turns her to stone.  When Ozma arrives, she ministers to Dorothy and takes the Silver Shoes from Sandrika.  The next day, Ozma gives her an elixir to heal her bruises, but Dorothy is distraught at having left Toto behind.  Later, in the Throne Room, Dorothy is formally thanked by Ozma, Princess Zephyra, Queen Turbulenta and Prince Torno.  They bestow to her and Ozma and Magic Cloak of Invisibility.  Glinda informs everyone that she and the Wizard changed Sandrika's stone heart to one of compassion, and made it so that her eye can only stun those who do harm.  Sandrika arrives to thank everyone for their forgiveness and to promise to be a better queen.  Before she's sent home with the Magic Belt, Glinda promises to keep in touch with her by means of a radio-telephone.  A banquet ensues, and the Spirits of Nature allow Dorothy to keep the magic ring of protection against the Deadly Desert.  Toto comes home three days later.


Continuity notes:

Dating: No explicit year is given, but the story takes place over the course of six weeks, some time after The Scarecrow of Oz.


Parallel History: This alternate history contradicts several stories in the Mainline Timeline, including The Witch Queen of Oz and The Silver Shoes of Oz, postulating that the reason Dorothy was brought to Oz was because the prince of cyclones, Prince Torno, his sister Princess Zephyra, and Queen Turbulenta, who rules the Kingdom of Storms, couldn't cross the Deadly Desert, but wanted to get the Silver Shoes.  Realizing that children have a spiritual connection to Fairyland, they brought Dorothy to Oz, but forgot that they had no way of getting her out of Oz. The idea that such powerful elementals couldn't get to Oz is odd at best.  The reason given, that Lurline's spell makes it so that one can only get to Oz by invitation, is contradictory to the books, especially considering how many cross the Desert through magical means all the time. The idea that they didn't think their plan through (forgetting that they could get Dorothy in, but not out to bring them the shoes) is also implausible.  Other contradictions include Polychrome's father being the Rain King (whose actually her uncle), and the Silver Shoes being the product of Mercury who gifted them to Princess Zephyra. 


Spirits of Nature: Queen Turbulenta, Princess Zephyra and Prince Torno are called Spirits of Nature, and serve as a kind of elemental.


Dorothy's Dilemma, poem by Mark Deitch



The Threat of Civil-Oz-Ation, by Dan Cox; illustrated by Nate Flower

Story: Bungle the Glass Cat and the Woozy go exploring in the Gillikin Country and come upon a pair of men in strange clothing, who after determining they're magical creatures, capture and put them in sacks.  The Woozy tries to burn through, but to no avail as the bag is made of ozbestos.  The Glass Cat and Woozy are brought before a man in a throne known as the Duke of Progressia, who explains that he hates magic and that all magical beings are in violation of Ozma's royal decree.  To ward off their threats, he pulls out a tuning fork that can shatter glass and points to a chemical fire extinguisher than can put out fires.  Though they explain they're favorites of Ozma's, he doesn't believe them, and tells them that for years he'd been harassed by the witches and wizards that were allowed to run rampant throughout the realm.  With a machine that allowed him to travel to and from the outside world, he built a machine that can destroy all the magic in Oz.  The Glass Cat points out the consequences of this, but he believes that's the price of civilization.  Taken back to their cells, the travelers ask the guards why they go along, and they explain that he's threatened their families.  But one guard, who has no family, leaves the cell door unlocked, and the pair escape and take some explosives (intended to be used to tunnel through Mount Munch and build highways).  Spying on the Duke in his lab, they see him go through the machine leading to the outside world, and plant the explosives.  With the fire from Woozy's eyes, they ignite them and run, destroying the room and the two machines, and exiling the Duke of Progressia to the outside world.


Continuity notes:

Dating: A year range is established by the narrative referring to the rule of the Good Witch of the North's in the present tense.  This ensures that it has to take place before 1912, when The Giant Horse of Oz takes place.  The presence of the Woozy ensures it must take place after 1905, when The Patchwork Girl of Oz takes place.  Due to the presence of more modern technology, the story likely takes place later in the spectrum, and has been placed in 1911.


Gillikin Country: This region is noted as being the "wildest and most dangerous place in Oz" due to the fact that the Good Witch of the North doesn't "properly enforce Ozma's decree that no magic is to be practiced by anyone other but Ozma, Glinda and the Wonderful Wizard of Oz."


Zealotry: An unintended consequence of the witches and wizards that once roamed Oz, along with the later decree of Ozma's prohibiting magic, is the Duke of Progressia's extremist view of her position, concluding that like he, she must detest all magic.  He thus obsessively looks to stamp it out, regardless of the reality of Oz being a magical country with magical beings. Whether he was actually capable of this or not is unknown, but the conflict later leads to Ozma's own position changing in The Law of Oz and Other Stories and The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3.







Oziana 1976

Number 6

Lurline's Collection

Edited by Jay Delkin

Decorated by Bronson Pinchot



How the Wizard Came to Oz and What He Did There, by Donald Abbott; illustrated by Donald Abbott


Continuity notes: Two expanded versions of this short story were published, the first in 1991 by Books of Wonder called How the Wizard Came to Oz, which introduces elements that are difficult to reconcile with continuity.  The second How the Wizard Came to Oz was a far more continuity-friendly comic book series published online on Comics Furty in 2016, and illustrated in a different style than the prior two versions, eschewing the Densow-style comic art for a more realistic approach.  The latter version should be considered the most definitive one.

Wizard's Arrival: Though no date is given in the story as to when the Wizard arrived in Oz, a date of 1871 can be established.  While the Wizard states in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz that he grew to be an old man in Oz, indicating he'd been in Oz for some time prior to Dorothy's arrival, it's clear from "The Adventure of the Sinister Chinaman" that he didn't age (or age much) while in Oz.  Hot-air ballooning did not take off in circuses and traveling fairs until 1871, months after Leon Gambetta's highly publicized balloon escape from the Prussian armies in Paris to Southern France, after which ballooning sprang up overnight across circuses and fairs (for more information, see this article).  After only a few years, however, solo balloon shows were no longer trendy or novel, and circuses had added acrobats to spice things up.


A point has been made that the Wizard’s city of origin, Omaha, was not established until 1854, thereby limiting Oscar Diggs' age, however, he may have been born in the region of Omaha prior to it being named such, particularly as Omaha is the name of the Native American tribe that lived in that region, and it may have been called Omaha from as early as 1813 when Manuel Lisa established a large trading post there.  Oscar was likely born in 1818 (see "The Wizard's Age" here), which works (regardless of whether it was then called Omaha).


The Yellow Brick Road: This tale has the East Witch create it by magic, though based on several accounts (including The Magic Umbrella of Oz), it would be more accurate to say that she expanded it though a Munchkin labor force.  The Yellow Brick Road first began construction in 1700, but was halted when the witch was put to sleep for a time.


The Adventure of the Cat That Did Not Meow in the Night, by Jay Delkin & Eric Shanower; illustrated by Melody Grandy

History: This is Eric Shanower's first published story set in Oz, and the second of the stories that feature Sherlock Holmes.  It is, however, the first of the "Great Detective" series, in which Sherlock Holmes is clearly indicated, but whose name is not used.  A discussion of it can be found here.


Story: When Button-Bright and several items from the palace go missing, Ozma calls in the services of the Great Detective to solve the mystery.  With Eureka's help, a burglar had been caught the other night and sent to Tollydiggle, the jailor, to reform.  Ozma notes that it cannot be the same burglar as he is still there.


Learning that candles were among the stolen items, the Great Detective reasons that the thief lives underground, explaining that Oz has had electricity since 1880.  He concludes that Eureka is the key, a she didn't meow in the night, as she had with the other, and must therefore have known him.


In Button-Bright's room, the detective discovers reddish dust from an Ozian Redwood (which is distinctive from a Menankypoo Redwood, though as a young man he used to mix them up).  The tallest tree in the Emerald City is an Ozian Redwood (planted by Jellia Jamb during the reign of the Scarecrow), and they head there and discover a trapdoor leading underground.  In it, they find Button-Bright and a Nome named Bean.  The boy had been stealing supplies for his Nome friend, who'd been living underground since the time the Nomes invaded Oz.  When Ozma began closing sections of the tunnel with the Magic Belt, he got trapped and without his tools could only dig a hole to the surface.  He kept himself discreet until Button-Bright stumbled upon his hole.


Ozma returns the Nome to his original home and warns Button-Bright not to steal.  The Great Detective returns to his room, another mystery solved.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Although no explicit date is given, the fact of a Nome living in Oz since the time of their invasion in The Emerald City of Oz must place this story some time after those events.  There is the question of the Great Detective, whose recognized as Sherlock Holmes, and the fact that he's living in Oz at this time.  Holmes first came to Oz in 1935 (see "Sherlock Holmes in Oz") and was likely invited to return to stay.  As Holmes is well-versed in Oz history by the time of this story, The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places this in 1938.


Electricity in Oz: This story notes that Oz first got electricity in 1880 when Swan & Edison products found their way into Oz.  It appears that someone from the capital in Morrow was the first to figure out how to utilize it, though it's possible that someone from the four quadrants did so first.  A sapient power plant exists in the Munchkin Country called Silica City, ruled by King Transformation (see The Blue Emperor of Oz), and that appears to be the hub of electricity for Oz. 


Great Detective: Although the Great Detective is intended to be Sherlock Holmes, it's odd that he says he was a "very young man" in Oz [p. 12].  This has to be understood as a joke, particularly as he was 81 when he first came to Oz.


Tunnel Under Oz: Although the Nome Bean believes the tunnel has been sealed up, he's apparently unaware that it was very quickly unsealed again, as revealed in The Shaggy Man of Oz, The Red Jinn in Oz and Ruggedo in Oz, as Ozma chose to only plug up the ends, and allow the underground inhabitants to continue using it as part of their connecting tunnels and passageways.


The Lost Sawhorse, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Nathan Flower

Story: When the Sawhorse doesn't show at the scheduled time to depart for Glinda and bring Ozma home, Dorothy and the Scarecrow check the Royal Stable, but only Jojee, his groom, is there, and he hasn't seen him.  So, they the Magic Picture, but all it shows is a cottage in the Winkie Country, with an old woman and a toddler playing with logs and sticks.  As the Wizard is in Oogaboo trying to figure out why the book trees are only producing Sherlock Holmes stories, they appoint Jack Pumpkinhead Deputy Ruler and along with Toto, the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger, go in search of the Sawhorse.


En route to the Tin Woodman's castle, they meet Nick on the road.  He hasn't seen the Sawhorse, but he'd spend the night cutting up firewood for an old woman.  They head to the cottage, and it is the same one they saw in the Magic Picture.  In the wood pile, Toto discovers several pieces of the Sawhorse, save for his right eye, leg and middle-section!


The Tin Woodman is horrified, realizing he must have accidentally cut him up for firewood.  The old woman runs to the fireplace, but thankfully no pieces appear to be there.  As Nick weeps, the head of the Sawhorse explains that he had been deep in meditation and hadn't even realized what was happening to him until it was too late.  They all search and soon find his eye and leg.  Only the horseshoe and middle-section are missing, and they propose building him a new one.  But they soon realize the chopping block the Tin Woodman is sitting on is the middle-section, and with the magic glue (given to Nick by Ku-Klip), they fix the Sawhorse up like, save for a tin horseshoe that Nick gives him in place of the gold one.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The story takes place over the course of a day, though no month or year are indicated.  A hint to the latter is provided by the fact that Oogaboo's book trees are producing only Sherlock Holmes stories.  The period in which Watson was telling stories of Sherlock Holmes ran from 1887 to 1927 (these comprise the canonical stories).  It's possible that with the last of the canon stories published in the outside world, that Oz would begin receiving an influx of Sherlock Homes stories.  Thus, the Royal Timeline of Oz places this story in 1927.  Another possibility may have to do with the period in which the "Great Detective" (Sherlock Holmes) comes to live in Oz, in 1938, but this is yet under investigation.


Non-meat Creatures: The Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Sawhorse all indicate that while their meat companions sleep, they fall into a kind of deep thinking mode.  So lost in thought had the Sawhorse been that he didn't even notice the Tin Woodman hacking up until later on.



Oz-E-Gag, by Bill Eubank (based on an idea by Richard Paul Smyers)







Oziana 1977

Number 7

Edited by Jay Delkin



Glinda and the Red Jinn, by Robert R. Pattrick; illustrated by Bill Eubank

Story: In need of more jugs and jars to hold her magical powders, Glinda asks her chamberlain where she might obtain more.  He directs her to a pottery-maker in Ev whose both an excellent craftsman and magician.  Glinda has him summoned before her.  The jolly jug-maker introduces himself as Juggins, maker of the finest jugs and bottles in the world.  He was an ordinary potter until Oz and Ev were enchanted by Lurline, at which time he sought out Smith and Tinker to learn how to make the magical things he now makes.


Glinda offers him a drink of water and asks him if he'd ever considered becoming a true wizard, and he admits it's long been a dream to own a castle and perform first-rate magic.  But Smith and Tinker are no longer in Ev, and no one else would do so.  Once Glinda determines that he'd be a good wizard, she offers to train him herself.  He asks how she knows he'd be good, and she admits that she gave him water from the Truth Pond to drink.


After "many, many months" of study and work, particularly on "the mysteries of Red Magic," Glinda declares Juggins a full-fledged wizard.  He then decides to rename himself based on the magic he studied and knowledge of genie or jinn he learned of.  He also proposes to become a kind of jinn.  Glinda smiles at his cleverness, and for the next four hours, Glinda and he create the spell that turns him into Jinnicky the Red Jinn of Ev! 


Glinda forewarns him that when Lurline enchanted Oz, she was appointed its "Inner Guardian" and given the commission to train pupils, of which he is the first.  But as Glinda's influence cannot extend beyond the Deadly Desert, and she is currently dealing with the threat of the four Wicked Witches, he must attend to matters in Ev.  At this time the King of the Gnomes has enslaved the Royal Family with plans to take over all of Ev and Oz. 


Continuity notes:

Dating: The date is based on the text of Yankee in Oz (1959) in which Jinnicky states that he began studying magic for 200 years.  This also establishes that Glinda has been around for a long time, a fact that's corroborated by Phil Lewin's The Witch Queen of Oz, in which Glinda first enters the scene.


Glinda: This story indicates that Glinda's first pupil was Jinnicky the Red Jinn of Ev, whom she taught Red Magic to after confirming (via water from the Truth Pond) that he would be a good wizard.  It also establishes that Glinda has her palace and servants at this time.  She won't, however, become ruler of the Quadlings until 1820, as established her 100th anniversary of that event in The Purple Prince of Oz.


Gnome King: The author of this story mentions the enslavement of the Royal Family of Ev by the Gnome King, which appears to indicate a later placement.  However, the author also mentions four Wicked Witches, not two, which existed years before Roquat enslaved the Royal Family. (Yankee in Oz had not yet been published).  This, however, is easily understood.  Roquat must have enslaved an earlier Royal Family of Ev.  Given how many times this Nome has attempted to enslave Oz, his repeated attempts to take over Ev should come as no surprise to anyone.  With Jinnicky in place, however, his plans were thwarted, a yet untold tale.


Jinnicky the Red Jinn: This origin tale indicates that Jinnicky's original name was Juggins.  He studied Red Magic under Glinda, though he may have later expanded upon that, as he credits himself with the development of Red Magic in Yankee in Oz.  Though not explicitly stated, he gained immortality when Lurline broke a Magic Egg in Ev, magic that went to the north where he lives and to the Wheelers, but which skipped the south where the Royal Family lives.


What If They Had Taken the Other Path?, by Jay Delkin; illustrated by Dave Billman



Two Friendships, by Stanley Worden; illustrated by Albert Chronic & Melody Grandy

Story: Button-Bright and Polychrome have to deal with two armies, one of which is led by a giant hyena named Hiram and a tyrannical leader named Xew, who want to take over Oz.


Continuity notes: See this entry in the Parallel History section.


A Map for Ruth Plumly Thompson, by Ruth Berman; illustrated by Denise Kruse Robles



Oz-E-Gag, by Bill Eubank







Oziana 1978

Number 8

Edited by Jay Delkin



The Woozy's Tricky Beginning, by March Laumer; illustrated by Bronson Pinchot

Story: Queen Lurline's band decides to add the pixie Dementia to their band when they find her in Burzee. As Burzee is full of burrs, the fairies are always getting them caught in their hair and dresses, which is why they often travel to other places. One day, Espa proposes riddles.  Lurline (whose original name is Lulea) asked the first silly one; Ereol follows, and others, and each time Dementia tries to guess but fails.  Vexed by her failure, she goes off to pout, and decides to test out one of the riddles for herself.


The Woozy and Sawhorse debate Woozy's love of bees, and decides to go off to the Munchkin Country to find some. The Sawhorse decides to consult with Ozma. After hearing the story, Ozma (who addresses the Sawhorse as Lignum) and Glinda decide to go with him after the Woozy.  They find him asleep with bees flying around him.  When he awakens, they're dismayed to find they're too late.  But Ozma notices that the bees aren't angry.  Suddenly, the Queen Bee sends a delegation of drones asking to speak to Ozma.  Using the Magic Belt, Ozma shrinks her party and enters the beeshive.  The Queen Bee informs them that the story of their relations with the Woozy go back a long time.


As Glinda determines that she's Lurline's "best friend," she contacts her on a "two-way wrist radio," and before long she arrives with her train of fairies and Dementia. The pixie steps forward and tells the story of what she did a hundred years ago. Wishing to try out a riddle, she came upon the Comfortable Camel, but passed him by, the Foolish Owl, but he wasn't interested, and finally came upon Edward Behr, a teddy bear, who was holding a Munchkin beehive.  She used her wand and crossed the bear with the beehive, and that's how the Woozy came to be.


Continuity: Due to its various discrepancies, inconsistencies, and silly aspects, this story is considered non-canonical and is placed in the Deadly Desert section, though it could be read as a parody. The actual nature of the Woozy's origins is told in various other stories, including "The Woozy's Tale," from Oziana 1992, and the book, A Refugee in Oz.



How Ducky!, by Harry Mongold; illustrated by Dave Billman



The Adventure of the Missing Belt, by Vincent Ward & Jay Delkin; illustrated by Melody Grandy

History: This is the third of the "Great Detective" stories featuring Sherlock Holmes.


Story: When the Magic Belt goes missing, Ozma summons the Great Detective to solve the mystery.  He questions who her recent visitors were, and she tells him that three ladies from the Enchanted Mountain in the Quadling Country had flown in to give her gifts. 


Button-Bright, who'd grown to like the Great Detective since his last adventure, is given a task to look up the Sawhorse runs, and returns to let him know that the Sawhorse is leaving for Glinda's that morning.  The Great Detective makes the trip to see her Great Book of Records, and in it discovers that the three ladies had absconded with the Magic Belt.


Heading to the southern edge of the Quadling Country, where the Great Detective would like to retire to become a beekeeper, he ascends the Enchanted Mountain to confront the Queen on her throne.  The Queen denies having the Magic Belt and defies him to find it.  He trips over a cat, apologizing to it, but the feline makes no response, and he concludes his findings.


The Queen had transformed the Belt into a cat, which he retrieves, making her promise to never steal magic again, else he will make the matter public.  In the meantime, he'll persuade Glinda to keep the matter quiet.


Continuity notes:

Dating: No year is indicated in the text.  It takes place after "The Adventure of the Cat That Did Now Meow in the Night," and it's noted it's been months since the Great Detective had a case, though the latter story is not necessarily that case.  Ozma's lax attitude towards the magical powers of the ladies from the Enchanted Mountain would appear to indicate a date after 1964, however, the indication that Button-Bright has become friends with the Great Detective since their last encounter (in the story above), and the indication that Sherlock is intending to retire, would appear to place this shortly after the latter story.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1939.


Enchanted Mountain and the Three Ladies: Not much information is given of this Enchanted Mountain or its inhabitants, save that it's near the border of the Deadly Desert in the Quadling Country, and that there is a Queen who has powerful magic, along with two other "lovely ladies" who ride brooms.  This would make them appear to be witches, or at least of the fairy race, and yet neither Ozma nor Glinda indicate this or seem to have an issue with them bringing Ozma "magic tricks, minor enchantments and the like" (which Ozma thinks will only come in handy at birthday parties.)  The Great Detective is also pretty certain that Glinda (and presumably Ozma) will forgive the indiscretion of them having stolen the Magic Belt and turned it into a cat, which is itself odd, as he notes that the Queen has  powers of enchantment "fully the equal to those of the belt."  There may be more to this story and these people than meets the eye.


Metric System: The narrative says in an aside that "Oz is on the metric system."  Little evidence seems to support that, but the books and stories written about Oz may have converted those measurements into U.S. ones for its readers.


Retirement: The Great Detective notes that he'd like to retire near to the Deadly Desert, where he can take up beekeeping. 



Scraps' Ditty, by L. Frank Baum, Clara Jean Curzon & Tom Benson; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso



Zimbo and the Magic Belt, by George Van Buren; illustrated by George Van Buren

History: The only story by the illustrator of Harry Mongold's The Sawhorse of Oz and Button Bright of Oz answers the question of how some have traveled by sea in and out of Nonestica to the outside world.


Story: When nine year old Zimbo looks out into Zimba Bay and sees an old man pass between the Pillars of Hercules, the border between fairyland and the outside world, he swims out to rescue him.  The man turns out to be the Wizard of Zimba, called the High Zimbroo Grand Wizard.  He'd thought a certain stone would allow him to depart without aging, but it proved to be false.  To thank the boy, he gives him a golden amulet, which answers questions that he's told he won't understand.


Zimbo makes several attempts, but doesn't understand its speech.  Returning home, he shows the amulet to his uncle Zimboobo.  When he asks where the greatest magic in the world is, it tells him "in Oz," and when he asks where in Oz it is, the amulet says "In Toto," which puzzles Zimboobo, as he knows that's Princess Dorothy's dog.  So, he determines to kidnap the dog so that he can become the greatest wizard in the world.


Zimbo agrees to go with his uncle, but only to thwart his plans.  They ask the amulet how to cross the Deadly Desert, but it again speaks in a language they can't understand.  They discover, however, in their library, that Queen Lurline had created a route through the Deadly Desert when she made Oz a fairyland.  It is a mathematical pattern that will allow one to cross unharmed from any entrance point.  Learning this allows the two to cross the Desert into the Munchkin Country of Oz.


Zimbo looks to escape to warn Dorothy, but his suspicious uncle keeps a close eye on him.  The pair come across Ojo in a field looking for six-leafed clovers.  Ojo tells Zimbo he was once arrested for picking one, a story Zimbo had read about in a big Oz history book, edited by L. Frank Baum, that he has at home.  Thinking quickly, Zimbo picks the clover!


When Zimbo and Zimboobo reach the gates of the Emerald City, the boy is arrested as planned, and goes to see Tollydiggle.  Soon he's brought before Ozma, where he's able to tell Ozma his plan to get away from his uncle so that he could warn Dorothy of his evil plot.  He explains to Dorothy that he got the idea from the amulet, which he shows them, asking the very same questions.  Ozma sends for Professor Wogglebug, who listens to the amulet's answers, and explains that the amulet only ever answers in Latin.  "In Toto" means "in its entirety," referring to Oz as a whole. 


Ozma pardons Zimbo and takes his Uncle Zimboobo to Tollydiggle, while his nephew determines to learn Latin.


Continuity notes:

Aging: The text confirms the idea, first indicated in The Lost King of Oz, and later in Beach Blanket Babyloz, that once one exits Nonestica for the outside world, he grows to whatever age he would be in the outside world, a fact that carries with it a death sentence for those who have lived a long time in Oz.  The aging process reverses, however, when one returns to fairyland.


Dating: There is no indication of date, save that it is after 1913, since Zimbo has read L. Frank Baum's history of Ojo in The Patchwork Girl of Oz.  Zimbo's concern for the Wizard of Zimba potentially dying if he crosses the Pillars of Hercules indicates that people in Zimba, as in Oz, don't age like those in the outside world.  This would indicate that the story takes place after the yet uncertain time when the enchantment of Oz was spread throughout Nonestica (and yet before its publication in 1978).


Deadly Desert: The narrative confirms that it was indeed Lurline who created the Deadly Desert, and that she also created a means of crossing it from any point by those who learn a certain mathematical pattern.  This was clearly intended to be a secret, and how that pattern ended up in the library of Zimba is not known, but it may not be a coincidence that the Pillars of Hercules and entrance to Nonestica from the outside world is there as well.


Nonestic border: The narrative is the first to indicate what and where the border is that lies between Nonestica and the outside world. It is through the Pillars of Hercules, two great rocks that jut out from Zimba Bay, that travelers enter and exit fairyland.  If there are any others in the Nonestic, Rolantic or Nonentic Oceans, it's not stated, but may be likely.  The existence of the barrier at the Pillars of Hercules explains how, for example, Humpty's captors got to and from the outside world in The Enchanted Island of Oz, how Peter washed up on shore in Pirates in Oz, how a shipwreck landed Betsy in the Rose Kingdom in Tik-Tok of Oz, or even how Dorothy's earlier shipwreck in Ozma of Oz might have brought her and Billina to Ev.


Pillars of Hercules: Debated throughout history, with some thinking the Rock of Gibraltar (which connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea) is the northern of the two, Plato wrote that the Pillars of Hercules were the furthermost Heracles had traveled and led to the lost continent of Atlantis.  Atlantis is part of Ozian history, as the Green Dragon hails from there (see the notes for Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz).  Legend holds that a sign was posted at the Pillars reading Non Plus Ultra, "None Further Beyond," apropos for the entrance to the Non Est Ocean, the Nonestic on the fairy realm of Ozeria.



Beyond the Rainbow, by Daniel K. Cox



Oz-E-Gag, by Bill Eubank







Oziana 1979 

Number 9

Edited by Jay Delkin



Gloma, by Ruth Berman



Journal of a Journey, by Mary Rakestraw; illustrated by Linda Albanese



Hank and the Scarecrow of Oz, by Robert Pattrick; illustrated by Robert MacVeigh

Story: When Hank the mule determines he wants to be educated and become smart, like his best friend the Scarecrow, the Scarecrow tells him about Professor Wogglebug's School of Athletic Art and Athletic Perfection, as well as his learning pills.  Hank asks the Scarecrow to show him the way.  En route, the Scarecrow misses a turn and they come to a different parth with a sign that points "To the School."  Assuming it means the Professor's, they follow it, but it leads only to a man in a hammock.  The Scarecrow wants to depart, but the man introduces himself as Professor Pummel, and is covered in cuts and bruises.  As Hank is impatient to get an education and not concerned that it's not the Wogglebug's school, he follows Pummel to a large box, over which the professor recites some magic words.  Out of the magic box comes clubs, sticks and rocks, which attack the mule.  When they demand to know what's going on, the professor asks them if they've read the sign, but then realizes he forgot to put it up.  His school is the School of Hard Knocks.  With that, Hank gives him a taste of his own medicine, and the professor acknowledges that in his school, even the teacher takes lessons.  On the way back home, Hank realizes he learned something as well about his stubbornness, and that the person who always insists on his own way usually learns a painful lesson.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Although no explicit date is given, the fact that Hank has never heard of the Professor Wogglebug's college, doesn't know the way, and that even the Scarecrow gets lost, indicates that the school is new.  The title is also reminiscent of the titles from Little Wizard Stories of Oz, and the story itself is written in that style. The Royal Timeline of Oz places this a year or two after the school came into existence, and just after the second batch of Little Wizard Stories in 1906.



The Real Critics, by Geoffrey L. Gould; illustrated by Stefanie Hawks

Story: After the credits roll on the MGM motion picture, The Wizard of Oz, Ozma looks around considers the mixed reactions in the audience.  The Hungry Tiger mercilessly teases the Cowardly Lion, while Aunt Em and Glinda seem uncomfortable with their portrayals.  Dorothy finds Judy Garland pretty, but much too old, and she puzzles at all the liberties the filmmakers took, turning the Silver Shoes to Ruby Slippers, presenting mute Flying Monkeys, multicolored Munchkins and making Glinda the Good Witch of the North.


The Scarecrow deems it poetic license, while the Tin Woodman cried so much Woot had to oil his jaws and cheeks.  The Wizard thinks the movie version of him knew a lot more electronic tricks than he did, while Toto brags to the Glass Cat that he was the hero, though he's forced to admit there was no Miss Gulch in real life.


Em is concerned that that she was that stern, but Dorothy assures her she wasn't.  Glinda remarks that the film is shown on TV once a year in the U.S. and Canada, and admires the work they did.  Shaggy agrees, as does the Scarecrow, who notes that it tells an 80 year old story, which L. Frank Baum sensed in 1899.  Glinda explains that Baum sensed Dorothy's adventure psychically, though not with perfect clarify, and believed it was his imagination.  Despite whatever mistakes and things he made up, he saw he tapped into another dimension.  The Scarecrow clarifies that Oz and its environs are in their own dimension.  The Magic Belt can briefly open a door into the dimension of the outside world, as can powerful natural forces.


Curious how they got ahold of the film and projection equipment, Shaggy explains that he'd asked the Magic Picture to show him the Wizard of Oz, and it showed him the movie.  With Ozma's approval, he was sent to the theater with the Love Magnet, and secured a print and the tech needed to play it (which Ozma sends back after the end of the film).


As the Cowardly Lion is the only one unhappy with his portrayal, Ozma determines to speak to the Hungry Tiger to tell him to stop teasing the Lion, but when the Tiger wanders by, he ignores her entreaties.  But the Lion explains that he showed him how they really found out the Wizard was a humbug, and roared loudly, which is why the Tiger walked past Ozma without respondinghe couldn't hear.


Scraps remarks that she found the Scarecrow wonderful in the film, and Dorothy's only regret is that some will think Oz is only a dream, but Ozma reassures her that many still believe Oz is real.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The 1978 date is internally confirmed, as is the 1898 date that represents Dorothy's first adventure in Oz.


MGM Wizard of Oz: While this is the first time those in the Emerald City are viewing the film as a group, it doesn't discount earlier individual viewings, such as Oscar himself, who went to see it when he was in the States in 1939 (in the forthcoming "The Wizard in New York").


What If?, by Dennis Anfuso; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso







Oziana 1980

Number 10

Edited by Jay Delkin



How the Cowardly Lion Met the Hungry Tiger, by Judy Bieber; illustrated by Jay Kelly



Colonel Cotton in Oz, by Tim Hollis; illustrated by Tim Hollis

Story: In the remote town of Pitt Falls, in the southernmost point of the Quadling Country, mayor Colonel Delando Cotton, plantation owner meets with General Beauregard Stonewall, the Mayor of Birminooga, which sits on the opposite side of the Grits & Jowls Mountain.  Birminooga process the Spanish moss that grow in Pitt Falls. Stonewall and Cotton agree that it's too much effort to go around the mountain every month, with the former suggesting they build a railroad across the mountain.  Cotton's daughter Miss Magnolia Blossom and his dog Shortnin' Bread both think it's a good idea.


Work proceeds the next day into the night, when a gritstorm deposits grits on the mountain, while the workers, Cotton and Stonewall go to sleep on the moss-manufactured mattresses, with Bread keeping watch over them. Curious about the land ahead, he scouts around and discovers stairs cut into the rock, which he climbs, past signs warning visitors to turn back. Over over an hour, the dog comes to the top of the mountain, to a place called Cornpone Corners. Just then a man grabs him and drags to a cabin.


At dawn, Cotton wonders where his dog has gone off to.  He soon sees his tracks and follows them, while Stonewall directs the work.  Some time later he reaches the summit and encounters Horsepasture Higgins, who abducted his dog.  Assuming anyone who would come there is a revenuer (a government official who enforces laws against the distillation of alcohol), he tossed him off the cliff.  In like manner, he tosses the Colonel off the cliff as well.


The old man is able to grab to a tree root with his cane, and holding onto a projecting rock is Shortnin' Bread, who feels guilty about getting them into this mess.  Above them Higgins looks down on them, waiting to make sure they fall.  After a long while, Stonewall and the residents of Pitt Falls and Birminooga arrive.  Higgins threatens to get the rest of his town to do the same to them, but the General orders his people to charge, and they capture and tie up Higgins, after which they rescue Cotton and Bread.  Magnolia discovers the town's deserted, and Higgins admits it's been that way for nearly twenty years.


They decide to lock him in a cabin while they go back to work on the railroad.  Once it's reached the top they determine to take the cabin with Higgins locked in down the mountain as they complete the construction down the other side. The next day, after the train is installed, Ozma appears before them, explaining that Glinda had informed her of their railroad, and has an idea for what to do with Higgins.


A few days later, a delegation of celebrities from the Emerald City arrive to celebrate the start of construction on a luxury hotel on the mountain's peak, where Horespasture Higgins will manage to help him learn to like people better. The Scarecrow using knowledge from his own home draws up the blueprints, while the Wizard uses magic to construct a revolving penthouse restaurant; Em instructs the hotel cooks, while the Tin Woodman designs a formal garden around the old-fashioned cabins of Cornpone Corners.


Once completed, trade and commerce flourishes, and people travel from all over Oz to enjoy the sights.  To his credit, Horsepasture Higgins learns to like people.


Continuity notes:

Alcohol in Oz: This is one of the few stories (along with The Rundelstone of Oz, The Magic Dishpan of Oz and A Murder in Oz) to indicate that fermented beverages are enjoyed in Oz, although Horespasture Higgins' fear of revenuers may indicate that it was not permitted at one time in the Quadling Country, or that Higgins came from a dry county in the U.S. before coming to Oz.


Colonel Cotton and General Stonewall: The names, accents and activities of these two persons is very much dated to the pre-and-post Civil War era of the southern U.S., albeit far friendlier.  It appears to suggest that they and their families found a way into Oz in the 1800s and settled in the southernmost Quadling Country, where they began a mutually beneficial trade in Spanish moss and its production. 


Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in April. There's no indication as to year, and is clearly after The Emerald City of Oz.  The mention of the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman's construction and landscaping skills, which they'd applied to the construction of their homes (though they'd had help), along with the general feel of the story, seems to suggest that it's not long after that period.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1907.


Grits & Jowls Mountain: The mountain supplies two of their basic foods, grits, which snow on the mountain, and hog jowls, which apparently grow on trees or bushes.


Railroad in Oz: This is the first mention of a railroad in Oz, and it appears to be a somewhat magical one, or at least magically constructed, as the time it took to be built across a mountain is only a few days. There is no indication as to how the train itself is powered, whether via steam or electric, which also leads one to suspect a magical means.  Another small railroad exists on the other side of the Quadling country near Tralmia, located just north of Jinxland (The Goat Girls of Oz).


A Study in Orange, by Melody Grandy; illustrated by Melody Grandy

History: The fourth of the Sherlock Holmes' "Great Detective" stories.


Story: The Great Detective is relieved when Ozma presents him a more serious case after all the trivial ones he's handled of late. She explains that for a week now, people have been bringing their daughters from all over Oz to get disenchanted because their beautiful girls have been rendered unattractive.  Glinda's Book is silent on the matter and the Magic Picture only shows sparks spinning in space.


In the Wizard's workshop, he and Glinda are stumped. The girls hail from Sapphire City, Regalia and Mt. Munch. The Great Detective suspects that it's a jealous woman whose been studying orange magic and wearing a protective talisman. Each girl had eaten an orange orange, which doesn't exist in Oz, as there is no orange country (and Oz oranges are colored according each quadrant's colors), and tells him they must come from abroad, likely Ev.


Glinda notes that orange magic is difficult to wield, but can be used to deceive or change one's behavior, which is why none of the girls minds what happened to them. Orange incantations also use a mix of numbers and words, mathematical tools, which make it harder to learn.


The Great Detective searches another part of the Quadling Country before going to Ev.  Returning to Oz, he explains that he visited an old witch who had a pupil from oz named Storja.  Her brother lives in the Quadling Country, and had acknowledged that his sister found a flying cloak and books on orange magic.  Her teacher in Ev helped her create the black talisman she wears, which is a magic scrambler (and the reason for what appears in the Magic Picture).  Storja had used her magic to become beautiful, but was then disgusted by the attention she received. 


At a ball that Ozma throws some time later, Ozma notes that her plainer guests are getting all the attention.  The Great Detective notes a musician in red playing a pipe, and Ozma's magic box tells her there's no musician there.  Suddenly, the musician gets up and removes the spell, after which the disguised Storja passes by the protective magical barrier and Ozma's Magic Belt. 


With Toto's help. the Great Detective prepares to track her down when they discover the formerly enchanted girls are back to normal. The next day, Ozma's face loses its loveliness and the Wizard informs them it's happening all over Oz!  Toto (who Ozma enchants into a bloodhound) and the Great Detective head out, and two days later, meet a director whose devastated because all his actresses have turned ugly, though one formerly plain woman whose thrilled at the newfound attention she's been getting.


On the third day, Toto catches the scent, leading to a great tree with orange leaves on the Winkie-Quadling border. Storja greets them there, and the Great Detective confronts her about what she's been doing. She argues that unattractive girls aren't accepted as they should be, and she's out to prove they're just as good, kind and sweet as the pretty ones. The Great Detective convinces her she's made her point and she agrees to lift the spell that hour.


Back home, Ozma gives him a gold, jewel studded magnifying glass, and the Great Detective announces that he has a successor worthy of Moriozty.  Ozma hands him a picture of Storja, who he never saw due to her enchantment, and is amused to discover she looks just like a female version of him.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Given the time needed to travel back and forth to Ev, this story appears to take place over the course of two weeks.  No explicit dating is provided, but must clearly be after Sherlock comes to live in Oz in 1938. In keeping with the once-a-year concept established by The Royal Timeline of Oz in the last two stories, it's placed in 1940.


Orange Borderland: It's an odd statement that the Great Detective makes regarding no orange colored oranges in Oz because the colors they come in are the colors of the quadrants in Oz. Yet, on the border between the yellow Winkie Country and red Quadling Country, is a great tree that has orange leaves.  There is a borderlands country in The Forbidden Fountain of Oz, and a tract of orange land seems probable.


Orange Magic: This story introduces a new kind of magic, a more difficult kind to wield involving numbers and words and mathematical tools, called orange magic.  Once mastered, however, it is useful for deceiving people and changing their behavior without them realizing their behavior's been changed.  The girls who had their beauty robbed from them, for example, didn't mind.


Question Box: For the first time since it was obtained by Ozma from J. Glegg (in Kabumpo in Oz), Ozma uses the Question Box.


Sherlock: The Great Detective makes an allusion to Moriarty, though he Ozzifies the name to Moriozty.  While some have suggested that the Great Detective is only a facsimile of Holmes, unless he's deluded by the life of his doppelganger, the chances that he'd have a nemesis also named after Moriarty is absurd.


Storja: The orange enchantress Storja was a mere Quadling girl who used the magic flying cloak and books of orange spells she found to right what she felt was a wrong in Oz, namely the treatment of women who aren't perceived as beautiful on the surface.  Despite her breaking the law against magic in Oz, and despite the fact that Ozma is a victim of her transformation, Storja (whose name means "history") isn't punished, but merely told that she's made her point.  What Ozma's supposed to do about it is unknown, as she can't force her male subjects to find plain girls attractive, however, Storja's tricks may have given them pause to think and at least behave more equitably towards all women. That we don't hear from Storja again may indicate that her campaign worked.  As to the reason she looks like Sherlock Holmes, this is likely a mere coincidence.


Toto Transformation: Although the fairies frown on doing transformations, Ozma transforms Toto (with his approval) into a bloodhound so that he'll have a better sense of smell to ferret out Storja.







Oziana 1981

Number 11

Edited by Jay Delkin



Adventures in Monday Mountain, by Ernest Johnson; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Story: One day, while looking in the Magic Picture, Ozma comes across a mortal teenager in the outside world who is disrespectful to his beleaguered mother, who wishes he could learn to be clean.  Thinking he would do well to be taught a lesson, Ozma uses the Magic Belt to send him to Monday Mountain, in the Winkie  Country of Oz.


Suddenly, William Marston finds himself surrounded by huge women who call themselves Tubbies.  Queen Borax declares him filthy and unkempt and has him brought into their village at the top of the mountain and given a severe scrubbing. 


After that, he's handed off to his guardian Amy Ammonia, who dries him off.  Although she's gentler, she's sterm and keeps him working all day for Queen Borax, explaining that their business is washing and they enjoy doing it.  William thinks of escaping, but doesn't know how to get past the tall fence that whirls around the village. One young man had learned the secret word to stop the fence and escaped, but since then the Queen has changed the word.


Finally declaring that he had taken his mother for granted, Ozma transports him to the palace, where she explains that she had brought him there to teach him a lesson.  He vows never to treat his mother that way again, and after he rests for awhile, Ozma sends him home where his mother barely recognizes him but is thrilled to see him.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no designated month or year, save that it must be after Dorothy and Percy Vere's adventures in Grampa in Oz.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it a year after that story in 1911.


Magic Picture: The narrative asserts that the Magic Picture has no sound, but that because Ozma's a fairy she can hear what's being said.  It is possible that Ozma uses her wand to produce sound, yet as others have also heard sound through the Magic Picture, it appears that sound is either inherent or was later augmented by the Wizard, Glinda or Ozma.



The Eldritch Horror of Oz, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Sunshine D. Nelson

History: Later featured in Jessica Amanda Salmonson’s horror anthology, “Tales by Moonlight II” under the amusing pseudonym, L. Frank Craftlove.  Although this story can be taken as a parody, it's written in such a way as to allow for a straight reading, which is how The Royal Timeline of Oz interprets it.  This is the first story to introduce Lovecraftian entities into the ancient history of Oz.  The forthcoming novel, The Ancient History of Oz will expand on these events and others.


Story: In his 50th year at the Wogglebug's Mistictonic University, assistant professor Harkam, is beset by strange nightmares.  For years now, Harkam has been having dreams of an ancient realm with dark towering edifices.  Writing down these worsening dreams in a journal and attempting to recreate the dream cities in model, along with the image of the six-legged, tri-horned crab carved in stone, Harkam begins to grow ill.  Seeing his distress, Professor Wogglebug comes to his aid. Harkam reveals his troubles to him, and the Professor recommends a year-long sabbatical, sending him to climb Mount Munch—which Harkam had longed to climb.


On June 24th (in the 51st year of Ozma's reign) Harkam takes off, contended that his troubles are over. But passing his turn, he finds himself in the Quadling country, where he again has the nightmare, and this time sees the tri-horned crab whose image is etched in the basalt and marble stones.  Thinking Glinda, whose ruled in her domain longer than any extant Oz ruler, might help him, he heads to her castle, reaching it by mid-July.  Though Glinda is at the Emerald City for a banquet and not present, Harkam takes advantage of the opportunity.  Claiming to be there to collect material for a new Wogglebug history pill, he's allowed in Glinda's room where he unseals the earliest pages of the Great Book of Records (the Macronomicon).  There he learns of the Elder Races and Old Ones who once ruled the earth before the coming of man, of the unhuman entities that came to earth from distant stars, waging cosmic wars, of great Cthjello, slumbering in sunken R'ealleah, of mighty Yug Succotash, of the mad god Hazimoth, sitting at the center of the universe.  Oz had been inhabited by a Great Race of the crab-like beings he'd seen in his nightmares.  As they began to be defeated by an even older race of semi-formless beings living underground, the sextopods sent certain scouts into the future to prepare for them bodies they could inhabit, which when the time was right, they would travel into the future to take over.


Fleeing Glinda's in horror, Harkam comes to the edge of the Great Sandy Waste (the safe part before it turns deadly), where he discovers the top of a black basalt stone.  Examining and digging it out, he discovers it to be the like the very stone edifices of his dreams, and there carved upon it, the six-legged, tri-horned being.  In shock and terror, he falls into a state of delerium, only to wake up in Glinda's castle, under her care.  She cannot administer the Water of Oblivion, as that might not erase the dreams.  She instructs him to keep what he's learned secret, as she, Ozma and the Wizard are aware of the situation, and have gone to some lengths to eliminate the Cthjello and Hazimuth cults, forbidding the practice of magic, and keeping an eye on Oz's stranger subjects and the hidden corners of the land.  They've also banished or transformed several members of the Great Race.  So, with a potion that Glinda administers to him, Harkam is cured of his dreams and goes off to Mount Munch to enjoy the vacation he'd planned.


Yet upon returning to the universe, his suspicions return, as he wonders that his mail is tampered with, that his diary and notes have been destroyed, and that for 32 years he's not been able to depart.  He then wonder what his memory from eighteen years ago—of seeing through the Wogglebug's torn coat to the mark of a former second arm or leg—means!


Continuity notes:

Dating: The primary story is a flashback that takes place in 1952 (51st year of Ozma's reign) from around June 20th to July 17th.  The frame story would be narrated in 1984, according to Harkam who says he's been unable to depart the university for 32 years since returning, which is not likely given it happens after the story's initial publication in 1981.  29 years is more likely.


The Wogglebug: The Wogglebug's second arm/leg from the Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz strips are here the basis of the mysterious and ancient sextopod race.  So too is the mystery of how an insect's projection on a screen could by come to life. Whether or not Harkam's suspicions are a delusion brought on by nervousness, or if the Wogglebug has a dark secret as an avatar of the Great Race is up to the reader to decide.  Harkam notes that Professor Nowitall had not been found to verify the Wogglebug's claims, and it is true that both Jr. and Sr. Professors Nowitall were difficult to reach, the former because he lived in obscurity (Eureka in Oz), the latter because he was enchanted into a creature by Mombi (Bucketheads in Oz).


Great Sandy Waste: The discrepancy in the climax of The Marvelous Land of Oz, in which Glinda and Mombi race atop the Shifting Sands, which Baum describes everywhere else as deadly, is addressed here.  The deadly section of the desert, at least in the Quadling region, is preceded by a safe zone of sands.  Presumably, the deadly section is marked.


The Prohibition against Magic: The real reason for the prohibition is here addressed. Prohibiting magic serves as an aid in stamping out the cultists who might otherwise use magic to bring about the return of the Old Ones.


Lovecraft and Cthulhu: While the names of the Old Ones are misspelled, this is not an issue as the beleagured narrator might easily have misremembered their spellings.  They are otherwise an exact description of Cthulhu, R'leyah, Azathoth and the Great Race of Yith (who intend to transfer their minds/spirits into the "beetle folk").


The Rainbow's Daughter of Oz, by Sean Duffley; illustrated by Dana Linker

Continuity notes: This story is in the Parallel Histories page. Composed by the young former editor of The Baum Bugle, Dorothy and Polychrome go to rescue Polychrome's brother Schuyler from the Nome King.  This version of Kaliko is portrayed as villainous and unafraid of Ozma, contrary to his usual self.  Also, Polychrome is said to be one of thirty-tree sky fairies.  For a different version of Polychrome's history, sisters and brother, Polyphemus, see "As the Rainbow Follows the Rain" (Oziana #37).







Oziana 1982

Number 12

Edited by Jay Delkin



The Scarecrow's Appreciation Day, by Ben Indick; illustrated by Rob Roy MacVeigh



The Change Made By the Magic Turnstyle, by Edith Ellen Reuwer & Jay Delkin

Story: 30 years after The Wonder City of Oz, Jenny Jump is invited to the palace.  Summoning her Turnstyle by means of the Magic Belt, Dorothy goes through it, but accidentally hits the temperament switch, causing her personality to become that of a tyrant.


Continuity notes: The story doesn't fit into the mainline timeline well, as the characters speak and behave as if the turnstyle had never been used by them before.  The Royal Timeline of Oz has placed it in the Parallel Universe section in 1971.



The Cowardly Lion and the Courage Pills, by Glenn Ingersoll; illustrated by David Ingersoll

Story: When the Wogglebug trips over the Cowardly Lion in the garden behind the palace, the Lion grows terrified.  The Wogglebug notices how everything makes the Lion terrified these days and determines to find a cure for him.  He has Jellia escort him to a quiet room in the palace, and while he sleeps, the Wogglebug employs Herby the Medicine Man and the Wizard to find a cure, although he doesn't wish to reveal that it's for the Cowardly Lion.


Meanwhile, as the Guardian of the Gates and Omby Amby play a game of Oz Fish, an advance scout party of two Blorgens release an orange smoke that causes the men to pass out.  The Blorgens are two feet tall creatures with one red and one white rose protruding out of small brown bodies with six spindly legs.  Hailing from beneath Mt. Phanfasm, the Blorgens Fragul and Brabul determine that since the fairy that had imprisoned them was banished to the outside world, Oz will be theirs when the army arrives on flying plants that evening.


That night the Cowardly Lion awakens frightened by the dark.  The Wogglebug comes knocking, scaring him further, but has his new Courage Pills for him.  After some anxiety, he agrees to save them for an emergency, and feeling more confident, determines that he can now be called the Courageous Lion instead, and looks forward to joining the others for the first time in weeks at the banquet hall. 


The Wogglebug leads him out a different way to the gardens, which are unfamiliar to the Lion, but as the Professor moves too slow, the Lion hauls him onto his back. But when they stumble upon a section of red and white roses, they're puzzled until the Blorgens reveal themselves and attack!  As the Lion runs, others begin dropping from the sky, releasing their sleepy smoke.  The Wogglebug passes out first, and soon the Lion follows, but as he falls to the ground, he bumps the bottle of courage pills, opening them.  As he begins to drift off, one of the pills near his nose begins to tickle him, and he sneezes, waking himself up.


Seeing them on the ground, he laps up the pills, but nothing seems to happen as the Blorgens surround him.  The Lion rushes off into the palace, where he seems many asleep.  He himself starts to get sleepy, he bumps into the Scarecrow, whose glad to see him as Scraps and Jack have been locked away.  Mounting his back, the Scarecrow holds on as the Lion runs into Ozma's chamber and orders him to the Magic Room, where the Wizard had unlocked the safe before falling asleep.  The Cowardly Lion then falls asleep, but the Scarecrow hears him utter the Magic Fan.  The Scarecrow remembers his magical device given to him by his family tree, and the Lion instructs him to fan the orange smoke.


When the Blorgens break into the room, the Scarecrow blows them away.  The Wizard then awakens and grabs the Magic Belt and other potions, and puts it around the Scarecrow's waist, and they march into the courtyard blowing away any Blorgen they come across.  Mixing the magical potions he brought on the Cowardly Lion's head, he sets off a magical fireworks display and then commands all the Blorgens into the courtyard.  Then holding onto the Magic Belt, the Scarecrow makes the Blorgens disappear. 


The next day, after celebrating the Lion, the Scarecrow tells everyone that when he used the Magic Belt he wished the Blorgens back home under Mt. Phantastico where they would sleep for a hundred years.  The Wizard had discerned from his potions who the creatures were and where they came from.  Earlier in the day, he sent Herby to their cavern home with a supply of happiness vine seeds that he planted, the berries of which will ensure they'll never want to harm anyone again.


Dorothy inquires why hadn't tried to conquer them earlier, and the Wizard explains that they'd been under a spell cast by Nelebel the fairy, of Queen Lurline's band.  She had put them to sleep for a thousand years. 


The Courage Pills are renamed Energy Pills and the Lion determines that he won't need them, as he's now braver than anyone, but when Nick Chopper brings flowers for Dorothy, the Lion shrieks in terror.


Continuity notes:

Blorgens: An arachnid like race with six legs and protruding eyestalks that resemble red and white roses, the Blorgens are an old race somehow associated with the Phanfasms whose mountain they dwell under.  If they are an allied being, or even creation of the Phanfasms or Mimics, it is not known.  Nelebel put them to sleep a thousand years prior to this story. 


Dating: Although there is no explicit date in the narrative, a date can be discerned from the fact that the most cowardly point in the Cowardly Lion's life came during the adventure in the book of his name, The Cowardly Lion of Oz (but is a situation that began earlier in The Magic Carpet of Oz.) In this story, he acknowledges that he's now more fearful than ever and that it's been weeks since he was even able to eat in the banquet hall. The Royal Timeline of Oz places this story a year later in 1911.


Nelebel: This fairy, who first appears in "Nelebel's Fairyland" as an exile from Burzee in San Francisco, is noted as having banished the Blorgens for a thousand years.  Since they've only recently awakened, it would mean she enchanted them in year 910 or 911, shortly after she joined Lurline's band.  Since the Blorgens note that she'd been banished, it would appear that she is not yet back from San Francisco.  Baum, however, notes in his story (written in 1905) that has returned.  This indicates that the Blorgens are unaware of this, but also that she's forgotten them.


Nickname: This is the second story in which the Cowardly Lion's nickname, Cowy, is used.  The Scarecrow calls him this.  The first was The Cowardly Lion of Oz.







Oziana 1983

Number 13

Edited by Jay Delkin



The Way to the Emerald City, by Melody Grandy; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Note: Included as Chapters 1, 2, 5, 6 and 7 in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 2: Tippetarius in Oz See that entry for details.


Cornucopia Oziana, by Everett Avila; illustrated by Ancelyn Avila



The Fate of the Yoops, or The Yookoohoos of Oz, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Rob Roy MacVeigh

Story: When Red Reera the Yookoohoo turns her companion moles into monkeys she notices an extra monkey, a green one, in the room.  The monkey admits she's Mrs. Yoop and that she's come because she cannot return to her true form unless someone else takes the green monkey form.  She knows Yookoohoos like a challenge, and has made a new apron (which allows Yookoohoos to do their transformations), which she'll give her in exchange for her help.


Reera asks how she found her, and Mrs. Yoop says that she can perform minor transformations, but not on people or animals.  She'd transformed a bread board into a map of Oz with all the famous magic workers on it.  Reera then inquires of her giant husband.  Mrs. Yoop says that the neighbors got tired him eating their cattle and locked him in a cage in the Quadling Country.  Reera demands that she leave and return with her husband.  Mrs. Yoop isn't happy about that, but as there's no one else who can help her, she concedes.  Reera sends her wolf Thrugg with her, transforming him into a donkey.


On the journey, Mrs. Yoop tells him that she worked on that apron for years in anticipation of asking Reera's help.  She tells him to call her Ali.  They finally arrive at an unused Gillikin Country named Gillyflowers, where the citizens have purple skin and hair.  After establishing that they won't eat one another, they let them through, warning them of a band of creatures outside their country who will.  Once in the Winkie Country the discover that the savage carnivorous trees are what they were referring to.  Mrs. Yoop transforms each into a standard tree.


At last, they arrive at the hills of the Hoppers and Horners.  In a gap in the road is a cave wherein Mr. Yoop is imprisoned behind bars.  After his failed attempt at catching them, Mrs. Yoop announces that she'll be freeing him.  First, she transforms rocks into fish in order satiate his hunger, as he hadn't eaten in over a year, and then only a mouse and some gnats.  After an hour of eating he falls asleep, allowing her to sneak in, tie him up, and transform his bonds into steel manacles.  This awakens him.


Transforming the bars to blades of grass and his collar into a large pouch where she and Thrugg climb into, Mrs. Yoop directs him on the road to Red Reera's.  Once there, Reera tells Mrs. Yoop she intends to pass the green monkey form to him.  Mrs. Yoop approves of the idea, expressing the various ways in which she'll exploit him as her servant.  Giving Reera the lace apron, she successfully performs the transformation.  Once in her original form, she starts threatening Reera.  Anticipating this, Reera turns her into a mud turtle with a sign embossed on her shell that reads: "Danger! Do not disenchant this Yookoohoo!"  For his part, Mr. Yoop is content enough to be free, but he has no intention of staying with his wife after hearing what she intended for him.  Turning Thrugg and another pet into eagles, they escort the Yoops to Yoop Valley.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no explicit date provided, save that it must occur prior to publication in 1983.  Given that Mr. and Mrs. Yoops forms are now changed, with him as the green monkey and she a turtle, it must occur after any other story in which Mrs. Yoop is still a green monkey, namely A Promise Kept in Oz and The Magic Umbrella of Oz.


Mrs. Yoop and Red Reera: The Yookoohoo Mrs. Yoop offers her name here as Ali.  In The Magic Umbrella of Oz, however, her name is Moyna.  Given that she says the former name to her husband, Ali might be a nickname that she went by and uses to keep her real identify a secret (something she's concerned with: see A Promise Kept in Oz).  As revealed in the The Law of Oz and Other Stories, Reera is her older sister. A future story will reveal why they treat one another as acquaintances.


Thrugg: This pet of Red Reera the Yookoohoo was once the familiar of the Wicked Witch of the West.  See the Oziana 1985 story "Mombi's Pink Polkadot Vest."


Yookoohoos: On page 14, Reera calls Mrs. Yoop the "only other Yookoohoo in Oz" and Mrs. Yoop notes that there aren't any other Yookoohoos who can help her.  In The Law of Oz and Other Stories and The Magic Umbrella of Oz, as well as The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3, it's clear that there's a large community of Yookoohoos living in Oz.  Mrs. Yoop's statement works as-is because she knows there are no other Yookoohoos who will help her.  She's betrayed her mother and is considered an embarrassment to the rest.  Reera's statement is harder to qualify, though a future story may explain it.  Reera left home at a young age, and has lived a reclusive life with her animals alone. She may have believed the Yookoohoos fled Oz some time following Ozma's prohibition of magic in the land. 


Nero Zeero: Snoz of Oz, by Jay V. Groves; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Ozma receives an invitation to attend Queen Ann's birthday party in Oogaboo, which notes that Queen Ann has been depressed of late.  Though Ozma is unable to attend, she sends the Sawhorse, Scarecrow, Dorothy, Tik-Tok and the Cowardly Lion.  The party stop off at the Tin Woodman's castle to invite him as well.


In the morning, Nick tells the Scarecrow that his nose is protruding two inches from his face.  The Scarecrow adds that the same is true of him.  Dorothy and the Lion also find they're affected, as is the Sawhorse and the Winkies in the castle!  Only Tik-Tok is unaffected.  Nick decides to stay behind to try to solve the problem and gives the party directions to Oogaboo.


In the deep part of the Winkie Country lies Snoz Valley (aka. Snozland), and there the King of the Snozzes Nero Zero admits to his Chief Minister Lukas Flukus that he cast the spell to make everyone's noses two inches longer, believing he'd done them a great favor.


When the party arrive at the sigh for Oogaboo, they take it despite the map indicating the other direction, unaware that the sign was switched to lead them to Snoz Valley.  When they arrive, large-nosed soldiers arrest them for trespassing, but Zero intervenes, clarifying that that law was repealed.  He inquires what they think of their new noses, explaining that since brains are in the nose, they're all smarter.  But Dorothy demands her original back, and the Scarecrow explains that his brains are in his head, as are most people's, and that it's illegal to practice magic.  At Lukas's behest, the king removes the spell and invites the Scarecrow to speak at the honor banquet at Snoz University that night.  The Scarecrow agrees, and speaks of the value of embracing diversity.


The next day, Zero shows them the way to Oogaboo, where he's invited to stay for the part.  He and Ann spend considerable time talking, and he later admits that they have discussed merging their kingdoms through marriage, though she doesn't care for his nose.  He then wants to cast a spell shrinking their noses, provided that brains aren't actually in them.  The Scarecrow and Dorothy assure him that they're not.  The Scarecrow advises he try it on himself first rather than impose it on everyone, and let them see by example if it's something that works for him.  If they want it, he can later offer it to them.  Zero concludes that the Scarecrow as real brains indeed.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Takes place a short time after Queen Ann attempted and failed to conquer Oz and the Nome King in Tik-Tok of Oz.


Nero Zero: King of Snozland, it is unknown how he learned magic, or what became of Nero Zero after the events of this story.  It is clear that he and Queen Ann did not marry, though their respective kingdoms appear to have remained friendly (unless there is an unknown tale).


Snoz Valley: Located near Oogaboo, and centered around the activity of Snoz University, Snozland is inhabited by a community whose noses are two inches larger than the average.  It's unknown whether the people followed their king's example in shrinking their noses, or if they took the Scarecrow's words about the beauty of diversity to heart.







Oziana 1984

Number 14

Edited by Jay Delkin



The Blue Raindrops of Oz, by Camilla Townsend; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Story: Feeling bored and annoyed at Betsy (who went on a picnic with Hank), and bereft of Cap'n Bill whose helping Uncle Henry, Trot decides it's time to visit Sky Island where she was made queen.  Borrowing the Magic Belt from Ozma, whose planning the construction of bridges along the Winkie River, she heads to the Pinkie side of Sky Island, where Rosalie the witch-queen is happy to see her.  She confides that she's got a bad feeling and suspects the old Boolooroo is behind it.


Her instincts prove correct, as the former monarch had stumbled on a book of magic in his attic and began practicing spells, including turning a statue of a brownie into a living brownie, who he makes his slave.  Determined to conquer Sky Island and the world, he puzzles how to cross the Fog Bank, which is said to take the life of any Blueskin who passes into it.  Nearly 600 anyway, the age when most Blueskin's die, he enchants his feet so that they walk straight and enters.  Unbeknownst to him, Brownie has followed, concerned about his master's plans. 


The Boolooroo crosses into the Pink country and enchants himself to look like a Pinkie.  He heads to the Court of Statues where the witch-queen's house is located, and enters it.  Surprised to see Trot there, he utters the spell to turn them both into statues.  Successful, he takes the Magic Belt from around Trot's waist and puts it on.  Taking all of Rosalie's magic items, he commands the Belt to render any other magic device inoperative.  Returning to his own form, he announces his conquest, turning any who oppose into statues. 


As the Boolooroo gathers an army, the upset Brownie goes into Rosalie's house and utters the spell he heard his master use.  It revives them and he explains all that's occurred.  They thank him and come up with a plan.  Trot rallies the Pinkies to her, drawing the attention of the Boolooroo, whose so angry he begins to utter the statue spell, oblivious to the fact that Rosalie has snuck up behind him and taken the Magic Belt, with which she turns him into a statue, and restores all the enchanted people and magical items.


Ozma, Glinda, Dorothy, the Wizard and Polychrome arrive.  After introductions, they travel to the Boolooroo's cottage to determine how he learned magic, and scare off his wife and six snub-nosed daughters.  They take all the magic books, but puzzle after Brownie, who they suspect is enchanted.  Glinda and the Wizard cast a spell, but Polychrome's the most surprised by the results: her long lost cousin Sapphrisse, the eldest daughter of the Rain King (her uncle).  Years ago, Lurline visited the Rain King, explaining her intent to enchant Oz and leave behind baby Ozma to rule later.  Sapphrisse was asked to go to serve as a friend and helper.  But Thorgose, a thunder worker, had wished to go as well. When he was denied, he kidnapped the sky fairy and transformed her into a statue.  He went on to try and conquer the world, but the Cloud King transformed him into a raindrop.


Sapphrisse asks if Ozma still needs her, and Ozma tells her of the Kingdom of Dreams, which she had visited long ago when she was part of Lurline's band.  There dwelt the spirits of the night, who danced on the lake and sang to the stars.  They had no queen and were surrounded by enemies on three sides.  Ozma asks if she would like to be their queen, and she agrees.


The Boolooroo is left with Ghip-Ghisizzle to be reformed again.  Ozma then invites everyone, and the Rain King, to dine at the Emerald City.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There are no explicit dates, though it notes that it's "many years" after Trot defeated the Boolooroo in Sky Island. He would have needed time to find the magic books in the attic and learn the spells to avenge himself. Another clue is that Ozma is constructing bridges over the Winkie rivers, which seems to suggest that this story follows sometime after Lucky Bucky in Oz, in which mischievous rivers were giving the Tin Woodman problems. The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1937, over thirty years after Trot's first trip there.  This, of course, is not Trot's first trip back to Sky Island, which occurred in The Witch Queen of Oz and again in "Diplomatic Immunity" (forthcoming).


Kingdom of Dreams: Yet another interpretation of this realm is the one Ozma remembers from when she was in Lurline's band, which is pre-1743.  She notes that there were Spirits of the Night who danced and sang to the stars.  Her concern is for these unprotected beings.  Yet, after two hundred years, it's hard to imagine why she would still be concerned.  Either they've been destroyed by their evil neighbors, or they've managed, or they've moved.  There's also the question as to what exactly Sapphrisse could do in the face of evil spirits like the Phanfasms.  She doesn't appear to be particularly powerful, though perhaps Ozma and the Wizard and/or her father equip her with some kind of magic.


Sky Island: This story serves a sequel to Sky Island, bringing back the Boolooroo and Rosalie the witch-queen of the Pinkies.



The Piglets' Revenge or How Eureka Became Pink, by Glenn Ingersoll; illustrated by David Ingersoll

Story: After Eureka returns to Oz, the cat is confined to Dorothy's rooms, until getting out, and deciding to punish the piglets for the way she's been treated.  But the piglets plan a trick, and Eureka falls into it, a pool of permanent pink dye (one of the Wizard's inventions).  Defeated, Eureka decides to behave. 


Continuity notes: This story, in order to sit alongside Eureka in Oz, must be predicated on three factors, the first: that Eureka's pink tainting from the Tixies either wore off, or that the Wizard restored her original color, and she then became white again; the second: that after forgiving Eureka, Ozma still imposed a probation period in which Eureka was confined; third, that the Wizard didn't tell Ozma or Dorothy of Eureka's recent bad behavior.


The Pronunciad, by Robin Olderman; illustrated by Robin Olderman



The Mystery of the Missing Ozma, by Jay Delkin; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Another entry in the Great Detective series in which the unnamed Sherlock Holmes solves mysteries in Oz.  In this case, Ozma goes missing, leading the Great Detective to the Gillikin country, to the reveal that Ugu the Shoemaker has a twin brother also named Ugu, and finally to the Deadly Desert where the trail goes cold.  With the help of the Wogglebug who uses one Nikidik's new wishing pills, the story never happened and everything is restored to normal.


Continuity notes: This story is written as something of a parody of Sherlock Holmes and Oz stories.  In it, Dr. Nikidik is the brother of Dr. Pipt and a helpful assistant of the Wizard, which is a very different characterization of Nikidik than is revealed in other stories, and one usually reserved for Dr. Pipt.  While it makes some sense due to the fact that the Wizard had also developed wishing pills, too many other tales agree that Nikidik was for many years a villain (see the article "Dr. Nikidik and Dr. Pipt") before being exiled again to Taker's Island (Wooglet in Oz).  The narrative also gives Ugu a twin brother with the same name and personality.  It concludes with the story never having happened.







Oziana 1985

Number 15

Edited by Robin Olderman



Mombi's Pink Polkadot Vest, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Story: Frame story: Ozma visits Jack Pumpkinhead, who shows her the very first outfit he wore when he was brought to life.  Ozma tells him she's had an urge to drink milk from the four-horned cow Mombi once had.  Though Jack trembles at her name, she assures him Mombi was washed out years ago.  She'd recently looked in the Magic Picture for the cow and discovered that she's living nearby at Farmer Ferkle's.


The farmer is thrilled to see Ozma, but hopes she'll take the cow with her.  Ever since she got into his forget-me-not field, she's been complaining bitterly about transformations, unfair treatment and her past life.  Ozma goes to greet her and let her know that she was Tip and asks what the matter is.  The cow reveals that ever since eating the forget-me-nots, her memory has come back.  She is a man named Phogg, the former Grand Gee-Wizard of the Horners.  Ozma agrees to help him, and as they walk back to Jack's house, they put together the events that occurred back then.


Flashback: Leaving behind food for Tip, Mombi departs to the home of the Wicked Witch of the West in order to secure the ingredients for a potion that would bring to life inanimate objects, with which she intends to use on farm machinery, kitchen utensils and to create an army of dolls and tin soldiers to conquer the Gillikin country.


Going southwest, she creates a bridge over a stream, skirts around Loonville and the Marshland, and arrives in the evening at the Wicked Witch's castle.  The witch welcomes her, as Mombi tells her she needs five ingredients for the potion. the left wing of a butterfly, a drop of oil from a live-man's body, three hairs from a Woozy, a six-leaved clover and a gill of water from a dark well.  The Wicked Witch says she can pick up the cloves in the Emerald City on her way home, and get the water from a cave of the Horners to the south, while she secures the butterfly and puts a Winkie in the olive press to squeeze out some oil.  In return, the Wicked Witch requests some fat toads from her creek. 


When Mombi gets up to leave, she trips on the Wicked Witch's invisible bar, dropping her containers, one of which the Witch hides as she apologizes to her.  The Wicked Witch provides Mombi with a donkey named Thrug, who used to be a dragon until an evil sorcerer gave it to her in payment for Winkie slaves.  Allergic to its sulfurous breath, she transformed him into a beast of burden.  Heading to the Horner land, she creates a bridge with some powders to cross river, but the donkey falls in, and Mombi tells him to swim, explaining that he has to believe in it for it to work. 


The next morning, they come across mounds over a field before them.  Out of one pops a Tottenhot who tells her to be quiet as they sleep at day and play at night to avoid the sun, which would bleach them out.  She next brings out red pepper to deal with the giant Mr. Yoop, who lives in a shallow cave behind bars.  As he tries to grab her, she throws the pepper in his face, causing him to sneeze violently. 


She and Thrug then pass by and find the dark cave that leads to Hoppers, which they pass by.  Further on, they come to the roguish, one-horned Horners.  They direct her to Phogg, their leader and Gee-Wizard.  He proves to be tall and thin and sports four horns.  She requests his powers in locating a dark well, and finding a Woozy.  In return Phogg asks that she take him away from the Horners, whose bored living amongst them.


Mombi agrees and explains why she needs the ingredients.  Phogg thrills at the chance to meet the most powerful witch in Oz and possess the Powder of Life, and he sees Mombi as a stepping stone to that.  He leads her to the cave with the well and she fills her flask with the liquid.  Phogg then changes into his traveling clothes, including purple trousers and a red shirt and pink polkadot waistcoast.  Riding on Thrug's back, they retrace their steps past the Hopper city and head east through open country to the park surrounding Lake Quad, where Phogg magically provides them shelter for the night, while Mombi creates dinner.  Phogg goes off and retrieves the six-leaved clover.


Phogg makes a bridge spanning the widest part of the Winkie River, which Mombi convinces Thrug to cross.  From there, they head to the castle of the Wicked Witch.  She announces that her vulture flew in from the Blue Forest, where there is a magician named Nikidik whose developed a Powder of Life that doesn't require all the ingredients.  She invites them to stay for the night.  After Phogg goes to bed, believing he's achieving his ambitions, Mombi and the Wicked Witch of the West decide what to do with him.  As numerous recipes call for sour milk, Mombi considers turning him into a cow so she won't have to rely on her neighbors.  Yet doing so would require several days.  The Wicked Witch says she can do it under seven minutes.


After gathering the ingredients, and casting the spell, they go to the guest room to find a four-horned cow complaining indignantly.  Back in the laboratory, the Witch of the West shows her a bottle of Water of Oblivion from the fountain in the Emerald City.  Forcing Phogg to drink it, he loses all memory of his past life.  Taking her new cow and Phogg's former clothes, she returns back home.


Frame story: Phogg is ashamed at being so trustful of the evil witches.  Ozma assures him they've both been washed out.  He asks if she can restore him so he can return to his people, who he now appreciates.  Ozma does so, allowing him to return to the Horner Country to serve as "Gee Whiz" Phogg, only now with a single horn.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The flashback story must take place during the nine year period in which Tip is living with Mombi, and before the Wicked Witch of the West is destroyed. The frame story, on the other hand, is difficult to place. It must be years after The Lost King of Oz (1913).  Ozma tells Phogg that only the Wizard of Oz and Glinda can practice magic, so it's before 1982, when the licensing system was implemented (The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3), but after 1964 when Ozma softened the ban on magic (The Law of Oz and Other Stories), as she allows Phogg to use magic to heal his people as needed.


Mombi: Ozma tells a white lie to Jack Pumpkinhead and Phogg about Mombi, saying she'd been "washed out years ago," a reference to her supposed execution in The Lost King of Oz.  As revealed in Oziana 38, "Executive Decisions," however, Mombi was given water from the Fountain of Oblivion, and is alive and well, a secret that Ozma keeps.  As regards the narrative's statement (page 9) that Mombi hadn't heard such a compliment in 300 years, that has to be taken as historian error, as Mombi was born in 1733.


Sisterhood: Mombi's reference to the Wicked Witch of the West as being a sister should be understood as "like" a sister, or a sister in magic, and not as a flesh-and-blood sister.


Thrug: The Wicked Witch of the West's donkey Thrug (formerly a dragon) later goes on to live with Red Reera. See Oziana 1983's "The Fate of the Yoops or the Yookoohoos of Oz."



Magic in the Kitchen, by Jane McNeive; illustrated by Minh Huynh

Story: En route to bring his father's fresh vegetables to the Emerald City, the Quadling boy Lon finds a silver magic wand and determines to hand it over to Ozma.  By dinnertime, however, he forgets and heads to his aunt's house.  In the morning, he goes to the palace and leaves his cart with a new servant girl named Fran.  When she goes to help empty the cart, she grabs the wand.  Surprised, another servant goes to tell Ozma, but as she and the Wizard are off visiting the Tin Woodman's, she returns without her and asks Fran what she thinks she's going to do.  Fran blurts out what she's wishing the kitchen would just run by itself.


With that, the food, pots, pans and kitchenware come to life!  The servants all run out of the kitchen while a number of arguments break out between the various living items.  Mr. Cleaver, who claims his cousin is the King of Utensia (King Kleaver: see The Emerald City of Oz), starts to restore order, and before long the kitchen is actually running itself.


When the palace residents arrive for dinner they're surprised to see the plates and utensils setting themselves.  When no one eats, Mr. Cleaver asks what's wrong.  Dorothy says that they're just startled by the new developments.  The knife explains that someone wished them alive.  Dorothy goes to investigate the kitchen, and there everyone greets her and tries to tell her about their day.  Finally, a pepper tells her about the wand, which Dorothy finds.


Lon finally remembers the silver wand and comes to find a living kitchen.  He tells Dorothy his part in the tale, and Dorothy determines to wait to see what Ozma and the Wizard suggest.  When Ozma returns, Dorothy tells her she was thinking of sending the living utensils to Utensia.  Ozma recognizes the wand as belonging to the Rainbow Fairies and summons Polychrome with the Magic Belt.  Poly confirms it's the wand of one of her sisters who lost it that morning.  Asking for help for the trouble it caused, Polychrome uses her own wand to undo the wish the other wand did that morning, restoring everything to the way it was.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The story takes place over the course of two days, and there's no indication as to the year or month.  The knowledge of Utensia, the economic system in place (Lon delivering his father's produce) and Ozma's casual and effective use of the Magic Belt (to summon Polychrome) suggests it take place at least a decade or so after The Emerald City of Oz.  As this story precedes "The Hearts and Flowers of Oz," which takes place shortly after Ojo in Oz.


Sequel: The sequel "The Hearts and Flowers of Oz" suggests that Ozma re-addresses the issues of the ending, as well as others, and sends the living food items to Bunbury and Cookry Land (see The Emerald City of Oz, Billy in Bunbury and The Little Gingerbread Man). 



The Ice Cream Man of Oz, by Jim Vander Noot; illustrated by Robert Luehrs

Story: Leonard Trytton determines to make the most spectacular ice cream sculpture for Ozma on her birthday, hoping that in so doing his 8-year old son will receive the attention and respect that he had craved at that age.  He begins sculpting it into the shape of a man, using different flavors and toppings.  He sends his son for the pharmacist, Miss Erba Lis, to prepare a custom cooler to keep it frozen for a week.  She adds Big Chill, Spine Chillers, Temperature Stabilizer, Heart Warmer and dextrose to preserve him and keep him sweet.  But then she mixes up an ingredient.  Thinking she's adding Spice of Ice, she instead adds Spice of Life!


At the parade on Ozma's birthday, Leonard, his wife Lusanne, and son Leon, march along and present Ozma with the ice cream man.  Impressed, she invites them to join her at dinner where the ice cream sculpture is prominently situated.  But suddenly, the ice cream man comes alive, and Ozma says she has to punish him for practicing magic.  Thankfully, Erba Liss bursts in, explaining the whole mix-up. 


As the children yet clamor for ice cream, the Ice Cream Man gives them each a finger, which expands on the plate and regrows on his hand!  He introduces himself to Ozma as Malter B Bell, or Malty.  Ozma welcomes him, pardons Leonard, and commissions a royal optician for Erba to be fitted with a pair of glasses, as well as a course in pharmacology at the Royal College. 


The Wizard has his nine tiny piglets entertain, along with the troupe of monkeys from the Gillikin Country (who come every year for this purpose). 


Erba goes on to build a candy hose for Malty with a special preservative to protect it from inclement weather.  Malty becomes friends with Nick Chopper, and the Tin Woodman gives him a tin bell so that on warm days when the bell rings, the children can come out and get ice cream fingers from the Ice Cream Man.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Takes place from 8/14 to 8/21, Ozma's birthday. The year is not discernable from the internal evidence, save for two points. Ozma's reaction indicates that at this time she's applying a more severe application of the prohibition against magic.  Also, the Wizard's use of his nine tiny piglets and monkeys who visit annually from the Gillikin Country, which started in The Magic of Oz, seems to indicate that this is yet early on in Ozma's reign.   The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1913.







Oziana 1986

Number 16

Edited by Robin Olderman



A Computer Wizard in Oz, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Melody Grandy



Much Ado About Kiki Aru, by Sean Patrick Duffley; illustrated by Sean Duffley

Story: Bini Aru, Kiki's father, uses the magic word PYRZQXGL to transform into a bird and search for his son throughout Oz.  Unable to locate him, he decides to take the form of a servant of the Royal Palace in order to look in the Magic Picture, but while doing so, he is interrupted by Dorothy, who in a panic he turns into a book. 


Bungle notes that something is wrong and sounds an alarm.  When Bini is caught, he discovers his son is in the Palace, and explains why he violated Ozma's law against magic. Ozma allows him to take Kiki Aru back home, where the gladdened boy wishes to return. 


Kiki explains his discovery of the word Pyrzqxgl, and its association with a fairy who the Wicked Witch of the East enchanted.  Ozma disenchants the fairy Pyrzqxgl, who returns to Burzee, ending the power of the word.


Continuity note:

Dating: Takes place one week after the end of The Magic of OzText establishes that Ruggedo is already beginning to remember his past, and has begun his association with Wag, who will later appear in Kabumpo in Oz.


Lurline: It's revealed here for the first time that Lurline had attempted to do something about "all of the wicked witches," sending the Burzee fairy Pyrzqxgl to suppress them.  The fairy failed, however, when the Wicked Witch of the East got the better of her, transforming Pyrzqxgl into a living spirit that was forced to slave for the witch, transforming whoever she wished.


Pyrzqxgl: The disenchantment of the Burzee fairy Pyrzqxgl appears to present a problem with the later efficacious use of the word in The Believing Child, The Glass Cat of Oz and, possibly, in Toto in Oz.  One solution may be that the disenchantment of the fairy did nothing to dispel the pronunciation of the word as a means of transformation.  The word, in other words, may have taken on a life of its own apart from its owner.


Wicked Witch of the East: The Burzee fairy Pyrzqxgl notes that although the Wicked Witch of the East defeated her, succeeding in  transforming her into a spirit slave, she was the "least powerful of them all."


Santa Claus in Oz, by Tim Hollis; illustrated by Tim Hollis

Story: When Santa remodels his workshop in the North Pole, he's invited, along with his elves, Frosty the Snowman and Rudolph the reindeer, to stay in the Emerald City to continue working. Working at the Emerald City Miniature Gold Course, Ruggedo gets up to his old tricks to try and ruin Christmas. Dressing up as an elf, he makes mischief, and even takes Frosty hat to try to make an ice-cream monster. His tricks, however, don't accomplish much, so on Christmas Eve, he destroys all the toys and drugs Santa to sleep.  But when Ruggedo hears "Silent Night," he gets a change of heart.  Magically restoring the toys and putting on Santa's suit, he delivers the toys all night long.  The next day, he's determined to have done such a good job he's taken by Santa to the North Pole to serve as an elf.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Although the story is a humorous Christmas tale and likely not intended to take place on the timeline, it's set 30 years after Frosty the Snowman came to life.  As the song was first written and recorded in 1950, it could date this to 1980.  Then again, the song could be referencing events that happened many years earlier.  As the Yellow Knight is present, it is likely after 1920.







Oziana 1987

Number 17

Edited by Robin Olderman



The Woggle-Bug's New Clothes, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Bill Eubank

Note: The magnification of the Wogglebug as well as his initial persecution and attainment of clothing is presented in this Fred Otto tale, as is an early look at Pastoria prior to his disenchantment.  Interestingly, the illustrator presents the Wogglebug as having six limbs, four arms and two legs (which is only hinted at in the text), which is akin to his appearance in Baum's Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz newspaper strips.  How the Wogglebug loses two limbs following the latter story has not yet been told.


The Blizzard of Oz, by Tyler Tichelaar; illustrated by Bill Stillman

Story: Jack Frost comes to the Continent of Imagination to spread frost for the first time.  He heads to Rinkitink and Ev, and the roses of the Rose Kingdom hurl threats at Jack as he freezes them.  Wanting a challenge, he decides to to Oz, so crossing the Deadly Desert, he arrives in the Winkie Country.  Exhausted from the journey, he falls asleep at the foot of a statue of Dorothy in the Tin Woodman's courtyard.  When he awakens, he bangs his head hard on the statue, rousing Dorothy, Ozma and the Scarecrow, who'd come to visit Nick Chopper.  Ozma identifies him as Jack Frost, and Dorothy's surprised to find he's real.


They tend to him for two days, at the end of which Jack proclaims his love for Dorothy.  When she turns down his proposal of marriage, however, he threatens that his father, the King of the Snow Empire, will send to Oz a blizzard that will wipe it out!


Three days later, a blanket of snow 25 feet high covers the Emerald City.  Glinda joins the council deciding what to do.  With her is a spell that if read by a Sky Fairy will solve the problem.  So, with the Magic Belt, Ozma summons Polychrome.  She puts on the Belt and reads the spell, which stops the blizzard and eliminates the snow.


Continuity notes:

Cold Proposals: This is the second time Dorothy is proposed to by a creature of the cold.  The first was the Ice King, in The Ice King of Oz.


Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in the winter.  No year is given, save that it must take place after Kabumpo in Oz, as Dorothy mentions the Prince of Pumperdink wanting to marry Ozma.  The question remains why does Jack Frost choose to come to Nonestica.  It may be that the outside world proved too warm for him that year.  According to, the records showed (in 2013) that the fifth warmest year on record in the United States (as opposed to globally) was 1934, ranking behind 2012, 2006 and 1998.  The Royal Timeline of Oz, thus, places this story in 1934.


Jack Frost: This story serves as a sequel to the Baum short story "The Runaway Shadows" (aka. "A Trick of Jack Frost"), which dealt with his pranks in the country of Thumbumbia, south of Burzee.  Yet, as the narrator says that he'd never been to the Continent of Imagination, this serves to support the notion that Burzee was once part of the outside world during the time Neclaus was born and raised (see The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus).


The Two Peters, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Now an elderly man, Peter reads Pirates in Oz to his grandson, whose also named Peter.  The young boy wishes he could go to Oz, as does his grandfather, but the boy's father doesn't believe in Oz.  His grandfather tells him that Baum was right when he said that only those young at heart can really believe in Oz.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no explicit date listed.  It must be prior to 1987 (when the story was published) and at a time when Peter Brown would be an old man with a grandson.  Given that he was born in 1906, by 1986, he'd be 80 years old.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places this story at that time.


Peter Brown: Peter Brown first appeared as a main protagonist in The Gnome King of Oz, and returned for Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz, and finally Pirates in Oz, which is the book he's reading to his grandson here.  This is the first story to show Peter again.  Although a manuscript called Peter Brown was purportedly written by Henry Blossom it has yet to be discovered (See the Lost Books of Oz for more details).  His mien here is ambivalent.  He appears happy, particularly in regards to his grandson.  Yet, there is a sense of loss as well, with the repeated motif of needing to be young at heart to believe in Oz (and, thus, be able to get there).  Peter had repeatedly chosen baseball and the mundane aspects of the outside world to Oz, which he didn't really appreciate. 


The appearance of a youthful Peter in Toto in Oz may reflect that the elderly Peter's wish comes to pass and his grandson is brought to Oz to visit.



Button-Bright & the Knit-Wits of Oz, by Jim Vander Noot; illustrated by Chris Sterling

Story: Finding himself mysteriously in the Quadling Country, after having just been in the Emerald City, Button-Bright spies a fawn who tells him that although the forest creatures have always looked out for him, as he's gotten lost in "nearly every corner of Oz," this forest is not safe, and he should follow the river downstream.  In the Emerald City, meanwhile, Scraps tells Ozma she saw him vanish, prompting Ozma to look in the Magic Picture for him.  Seeing him safe by a river, Ozma decides to leave him be, but keep an eye on him just in case.  Tik-Tok thinks the landscape reminiscent of a painting he saw in the National Gallery of Ev.


Following the fawn's instructions, he passes by a lake with a small island upon which a windowless tin cabin covered in stove-pipes that lead to a water spout.  On the shore stands a colored city, which he goes towards.  On the beach a number of men and women wearing red hair piled into top knots, with knitting needles in them, and black-framed glasses. These odd people sit in rocking chairs woolgathering from thin white clouds above their heads.  Spotting him, they wonder why he's not busy before the race, and wonder at his appearance. 


Placed in a chair he learns to spin the magical wool and imagines the kind of sweater he'd like to make.  But when he begins to create colors, he's scolded and told to stop. The Raglan Regatta Race begins and "thousands of Knit-Wits" emerge from the city to the shore, where boats line the beach.  The woolgatherers place their spools through holes in the tip of each oar on each side of the boat, so that as the boats race off, the yarn gets colored by the water in ornamental designs.


Button-Bright is brought into the city to meet Grandpa Gnit, who puzzles at a boy who spins in colors.  He tells Button-Bright that he and his founded the settlement a long time ago, and were once its reluctant kings and queens.  He and his wife grew old, as they wanted, but she became fuddled and was sent away (to Fuddlecumjig: from The Emerald City of Oz) and Jac Quard and his wife Queen Argyle were crowned in their place.  Bringing him a red sweater, he proceeds to fix his hair into the style of the community before bringing him before the king and queen.  The pair decide to cable him, which alarms Grandpa Gnit and Button-Bright, who doesn't know what it means, but they commute his sentence to running the mixing machine on Fair Isle.  Put into a boat, he's rowed to the island he saw earlier.  When he defies them, the guards pull out their wooden knitting needles in attack and row off.


In the Emerald City, Ozma determines that so long as he doesn't get hurt, Button-Bright needs to be taught a lesson.  Dorothy doubts anything will help.  As they watch him approach the tin cabin, the door opens revealing a bald little man.  At this Tik-Tok begins whirring and clicking "It can-not be!" over and over until his gears run out.  But their attention is turned away when Glinda makes an unexpected appearance.


Button-Bright meets Rejano Edison Smith, formerly of Ev, who tells him that he's now a prisoner like him.  He's been there many years since the day in his studio in Evna when he painted a life-size river landscape.  Reaching across the near-completed painting, he fell in it and ended up in the river near the shores of the Knit-Wit's city where he washed up.  Although he can't swim, no in Oz can die, and the Knit-Wits marooned him on the island to run the color-mixing equipment that puts colors in the water and patterns on their sweaters.  With a knife and one of the knitting needles left by a guard, Smith makes a paintbrush and begins to paint on the wall a picture of the Emerald City, which he'd long ago visited.  After it's complete he and Button-Bright walk through it.


Glinda reveals to Ozma that Button-Bright had plucked a six-leafed clover, which Dorothy says must be how he vanished.  At that Button-Bright and Mr. Smith appear, telling their story and in Smith's case reuniting with Tik-Tok.  At the feast that evening, Trot and Ojo hear the story, and Ozma invites Smith to make his home in the Emerald City as Royal Painter of Oz.  He agrees, adding that he'll invent a mixing machine for the Knit-Wits so that they won't need a slave to do their color mixing.


Continuity notes:

Button-Bright: The text indicates that Button-Bright's accidental picking of a magic six-leafed clover effected his transportation to the Quadling Country, yet it seems unlikely that this alone could have done that, as Ojo picked one and wasn't transported anywhere.  In fact, the prohibition against picking six-leaved clovers is that witches and magicians use them in their magical formula, not they have transportation powers.  What this might hint at is Button-Bright's as-yet and unconscious power, which is eventually made clear and revealed in The Law of Oz and Other Stories.


Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in the spring [17].  The year is more challenging to discern. Button-Bright is still getting lost and doesn't have the powers he gains in The Law of Oz and Other Stories, but he's been in "nearly every corner of Oz" [17], which indicates a later date  The story has to be set after The Master Crafters of Oz, in which no one is aware that Smith is still alive (see the continuity notes for that book).  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places it in 1925.


Knit-Wits: This community of knitters never refers to themselves as Knit-Wits, but it is the term that Button-Bright uses to refer to them, which Dorothy and Mr. Smith later call them.


Mr. Smith of Smith & Tinker: Smith & Tinker first appear in Ozma of Oz. Given his full name here for the first time, Rejano Edison Smith is found to be alive and well, his suicide faked.  (His companion who went to the moon, Mr. Tinker, was first revealed to have been alive and well in Mr. Tinker of Oz.)  Smith once visited the Emerald City, but at that time the Wizard wouldn't grant him an audience.  His descendent John Smith appears in Oziana 1988's "A Side View of the Nonestic Islands."







Oziana 1988

Number 18

Edited by Robin Olderman



The Computer Wizard Makes a Comeback, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Melody Grandy



The Northeast Wind in Oz, by Wendy Roth; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Bored during a rainy day, Dorothy asks Jellia Jamb what she might do.  Jellia is on her way to clean out the palace attic, which Dorothy didn't even know existed, and decides to come along.  There she finds a room full of furniture, crates, boxes and books, and a in one emerald-covered trunk, a music box with a statue of a fairy on the top.  Dorothy plays it and the fairy comes to life.  She calls herself Evarelle, though she forgot her original name, as the wicked king Evoldo had a sorcerer turn her into a porcelain statue, causing her to lose her memory.  The spell was temporary, and after a hundred turns of the box, she'd be released.  The king had given the music box to his daughter Princess Evella.  She'd almost completed the hundred turns when her father sold her to the Nome King.  The music box then ended up with Princess Langwidere, whose maid Nanda gave it to her niece Evlynn.  She sent it to Ozma for her birthday. 


The fairy offers Dorothy a wish for saving her, but as Dorothy has everything she wants and needs, she offers to give it away.  Explaining the situation to Ozma, Ozma uses the Magic Belt to bring them someone who needs a wish.  11 year old Nicholas appears in Oz.  An avid fan of the books, he's thrilled to be there, and Dorothy shows him around the palace.  The living sofa that had been the Gump's body when it was brought to life by Tip years ago knocks him off.  Dorothy offers him the living cord that held the Gump together, and he accepts it.  They take the Red Wagon led by the Sawhorse to Glinda's, and she shows him around, and the Great Book of Records, which just then records that an immortal walked into the Deadly Desert.  Glinda lends them the magic carpet to cross the Desert and see if they can find who entered it.


En route, the Rainbow touches down and Polychrome arrives to find her cousin, Ventilation, whose supposed to become the Northeast Wind, but who disappeared last year.  She's concerned that Typhonic, their evil cousin made him disappear, as he'll become the Northeast Wind if Ventilation doesn't show up for the coronation.  Traveling west on the Desert, the Scarecrow explains that no one in Oz can be killed, so if they touched the Desert they would turn to living sand.  In fact, they come upon a town called Sandy Hook, made up of sandmen who live in sand castles.  They meet Sandy who explains that they are what became of those who had fallen in the Deadly Desert.  None of them have a memory of who they were beforehand.  Sandy agrees to join them on their quest, and Nicholas uses his wish to un-transform anyone who'd been transformed by the Desert.  Sandy turns out to be King Evoldo, and he runs, but Nicholas catches him with his living rope.  The former king says he never drowned, as immortals don't drown, but decided to take back his kingdom.  Thinking he could locate the Silver Slippers, he entered the Deadly Desert, figuring someone would come along and disenchant him.  Polychrome then returns with her cousin Ventilation, who was the fairy Evarelle, who Evoldo turned into the porcelain fairy.  She reveals that Evoldo was in league with Typhonic, who a year ago, tasked Evoldo with getting rid of her.  Evoldo's sorcerer turned him into a fairy.  But seeing he could get away, then turned him porcelain.  Ventilation thanks them for freeing him and goes with Polly as "Uncle Roy," the Rainbow, who Polychrome says is named Roy G. Biv, sends down a rainbow to bring him to his coronation.


Evoldo is sent to his wife to decide what to do with, and Nicholas says he got everything he wanted, coming to Oz, having an adventure, and even helping people, all without using a wish.


Continuity notes:

Discrepancies: Due to numerous discrepancies with various other stories in the Mainline Timeline, this story is located in the Parallel Histories section.  The main problem is King Evoldo being immortal.  Several stories confirm that Evians at this time were mortal.  It's also an issue that he's alive.  King Evoldo's decision to walk into the Deadly Desert to find the Silver Shoes, figuring someone would eventually disenchant him, also doesn't make any sense, particularly since until this point everyone believed the sands destroyed whoever they touched (which in every other story they do, but this is a minor discrepancy that can be overlooked).  But even if he knew the true nature of the Deadly Desert, why would he just assume someone would happen along the most formidable and avoided place in Nonestica?  Another issue is an internal contradiction.  Ventilation was transformed a year ago.  But Evoldo never made it back to Ev, and didn't have a kingdom, let alone a sorcerer.  He was lost in Mo and then went on the Deadly Desert.  There's no reason Typhonic would utilize the services of a former king without power or title, who couldn't even find his own country.  Additionally, the sorcerer's spellturning Ventilation into a fairydoesn't make sense.  Ventilation is a cousin of Polychrome, and already likely an elemental which is a kind of fairy.  But even if he wasn't, it doesn't make sense to transform him into a fairy if you're trying to get rid of him, especially when he could have just made him into a porcelain figurine in the first place.  The last discrepancy is a minor one, and that's the name of the Rainbow as Roy G. Biv.


Two's of a Kind: Three Oz Poems, by Neal Wilgus; illustrated by Chris Sterling



A Side View of the Nonestic Ocean, by Timothy Perper & Martha Cornog; illustrated by David Billman

Story: Pilots Phil and Arc, testing the first Computer Enhanced Topographic and Underwater Scanner (CETUS), are shocked when the device discovers and records islands and a large, multicolored landmass in the Pacific Ocean where there are no such things.  They bring the tapes to the attention of Brigadier General Mark Culpepper.  Culpepper contacts John Smith of the Division of Esoterica (DivEs, but to known to everyone else as Acme Development), which explores paranormal subjects.  They meet the next day where Culpepper tells him what was discovered. 


The following day, Smith looks at the tapes and recalls a childhood memory of a nineteenth century Smith, an ancestor, artist and inventor who went to the South Seas and disappeared.  He calls up an old colleague to ask about sea stories, but he's heard nothing.  He then calls up Walter Fredholm, Dean of Miskatonic University in Arkham, Massachusetts, who requests a map.  In the meantime, Culpepper sends out the pilots again over the same area, and again returns with the same imagery.  The general has a map produced, but he grows concerned about the viability of the CETUS project that he championed, while Smith sends a plane to pick it up.  After receiving it, Smith heads off to Arkham.


Fredholm reminisces to Smith about his odd conference on the Necronomicon (which Smith helped fund), and comments about having found the Nonestic Islands. He also inquires about his connection to a possible ancestor, the Smith of Smith and Tinker, known to him as pioneers in automation and lunar travel. Smith confirms the ancestry, and is surprised that CETUS found the location of his relative.  The two go on to make phone calls and have important meetings.


The next day, Culpepper assembles a staff meeting with several important figures, including Major Collins, Admiral Whitby, the two pilots, and Smith, explaining that the platform CETUS discovered is an already named structure and not a threat to military security. Culpepper identifies it as the Nonestic, and notes that they are advised to not attempt getting further information about it, as there is a long-standing policy to countermand all missions to the Nonestic Islands which is being enforced by his source.  He cannot say who the source is, other than that it's someone high in the administration.  Although not visible in ordinary light, Nonestica give off radio and radar images.  Major Collins suggests they may be using a phototonic distortion screen, which Admiral Whitby shows interest in. 


With the CETUS project approved, and any mission involving the Nonestic prohibited, Ensign Peters blurts out that they won't be able to meet Dorothy, Trot and the Sawhorse, but Smith notes that at least they now know they're there.  In the Emerald City, Ozma, the Wizard, Glinda, the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Dorothy look at the Magic Picture, relieved.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The most likely date is 1967/8, as phototonics (which the pilot Phil reading a tech manual on) didn't appear as a term until the late 1960s.  Also, as the Beatles' song "Yellow Submarine" is mentioned, it must be after 1966, when the song was released.  Additionally, CETUS is described as the first and only computer enhanced topographic and underwater scanner, "the finest and newest side-seeing radar in the world."  The latter is a reference to ground penetrating radar technology (or GPR), which although first developed in the 1910s, military application did not come into use until the 1970s.  This would place CETUS, which was used over water, prior to that time in the late 1960s.  Similarly Lidar, which surveys targets using lasers, didn't come into use to map topography until the Apollo 15 mission in 1971.


Dimensional Echoes: Based on the information presented in this story, it appears that Nonestica has a dimensional gateway present in the Pacific, which can be seen via radar and/or radio imagery.  The ability of CETUS to map out the topography of islands and the Nonestican continent itself is indicative of the idea that it shares a dimensional "echo" of it at that location.  While it might be suggested, as does Major Collins, that the Nonestic Islands have a phototonic distortion screen that hides it from being visible in ordinary light.  But such a supposition would mean that one could take a boat or plane there, and it's clear that Nonestica is not that accessible, else it would receive thousands of accidentaly visitors, who cross the Pacific by ship, every year.  The bigger question is why would Nonestica leave behind a dimensional echo that serves as a gateway, and the Royal Timeline of Oz believes it is because Nonestica once sat physically sat in that location, in much the same way that Valinor once existed on Earth before it was removed to its own dimension.  That Valinor can be reached by terrestrial means, albeit via the "straight road" upon ships capable of departing the spheres of the earth, demonstrates the concept of passing into a parallel/alternate dimension.  In Thorns and Private Files in Oz, the gander Benny finds a dimensional rift open in the Atlantic that takes him into the Nonestic, which lends itself to the idea that certain islands and locations that now inhabit the Nonestican continent and its islands originally came not only from the Pacific, but from various places around the terrestrial earth.  Burzee (from The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus) gives evidence of this, as does the existence in Oz and abroad of various races of peoples from around the globe.


Government: It remains unknown who is the higher-up in the government that General Culpepper and John Smith are referring to.  It is also unknown if he is: a) protecting Nonestica from invasion from the U.S., (and/or other belligerent governments), or b) protecting the U.S. (and/or world) from those who wield magic and power in Nonestica.  Both scenarios are plausible.  However, another possibility is that the Wizard and/or Glinda and/or Ozma spoke to the General and Smith about leaving Oz alone, or used a spell to ensure that result.


Lovecraft: This is the second story after Oziana 1981's "The Eldritch Horror of Oz" to tie in the mythology of H.P. Lovecraft with Oz, referencing Miskatonic University, Arkham, the Necronomicon of Abdul Al Hazred.  The upcoming book The Ancient Dawn of Oz will reconcile this mythology with Baum's.


Smith: A Sherlock Holmes fan and member of the Baker Street Irregulars, John Smith of the Division of Esoterica, is a descendent of Rejano Edison Smith, of the Evian inventors Smith & Tinker (who are first mentioned in Ozma of Oz). 







Oziana 1989

Number 19

Edited by Robin Olderman



Biozonnet 1/Epilogue, poems by Robin Olderman



Rated 'G' for Glinda, by Rob Roy MacVeigh; illustrated by Rob Roy MacVeigh

Story: As Dorothy reads Glinda of Oz on the verandah in Glinda's place, the night after having watched several movies about Oz made in the Outside World, she discusses with Glinda the discrepancies in her character and the Silver Shoes, and asks why the films are so off when it comes to the facts regarding Oz. 


After some consideration, Glinda decides to tell Dorothy a secret that she's kept for many years.  Just as she sought to make Oz invisible when airplanes came into existence, so too when L. Frank Baum began making movies in 1914, she cast a spell over Oz to ensure that no film iteration would ever be accurate, especially the plot.  This magical scrambler is the reason none of the Oz films have ever been true to the books, even Frank's films which were planned down to the sets and costumes to be accurate.  While Glinda didn't mind his books being accurate, she knew that the readership was surprisingly small by comparison, and she agreed it would be beneficial to please and teach the young the peaceful and positive ways of Oz, which would serve as examples to them.  Movies, on the other, hand might call too much attention to Oz, and she didn't trust the Outside World, fearing the adults "who are stupid enough to start wars" might prove a threat.  Sometimes the scrambler produced interesting changes, such as the 1933 cartoon, The Wiz, and Return to Oz.


Yet, Dorothy argues that it's the adults who need the good examples: "They're the ones who keep starting the big wars that make everyone so unhappy."  She thinks that if perhaps Glinda released the spell, and a big movie was made about how they really get along in Oz, sharing and behaving themselves, then maybe there wouldn't be any more wars.  Glinda considers that and decides to do a de-scrambling spell, wondering if Meryl Streep or Cher might play her.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The narrative takes place over the course of two days.  Its references to The Wiz and Return to Oz set it after 1985, but before 1989 when it was published.  It is also at a time when Cher and Meryl Streep were at their peaks.


Movie Adaptations, Iterations and Re-Imaginings: Due to the scrambler spell that Glinda placed over Oz in 1914, no movie adaptations, iterations and re-imaginings can accurately depict Oz as it is.  The scrambler ensures that the set-design, costumes and especially the plot are scrambled to create random fictional depictions.  Specifically mentioned in this story are Baum's attempts, the 1933 Wizard of Oz animated short, the 1939 MGM The Wizard of Oz, The Wiz and Return to Oz.  There is either an authorial or editorial mistake, in that the "1952 comedy" that Dorothy refers to, should actually read "1925 comedy," as it refers to the Wizard of Oz film of that year by Larry Semon.


Royal Historian: Glinda notes that they "allowed Frank access to Oz in order to write out the histories to please and teach the children.  This was allowed in hope that our peaceful and positive ways would set good examples for the young people."


Toto: The narrative notes that Toto is writing his own book.   It's not noted what exactly he's writing.  There have been several attempts to chronicle The Wonderful Wizard of Oz from Toto's point-of-view, the closest of which is Toto's Tale and True Chronicle of Oz, by Sylvia Patience.  Perhaps this was the book he was writing.


War: Glinda speaks candidly here about her anti-war views, and notes that she foresaw the Great War; in "1911 or 1912 I feared that the world was heading for another war, a very big one."



There's No Place Like Oz, by Chuck Sabatos; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Bored, Dorothy explores the palace and comes across the room she stayed in when she first visited the Emerald City (in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz).  Finding her old dress, she retrieves the key to her former farmhouse, and grabbing Toto, makes a trip to see it for the first time since she came to Oz.  The house is intact, but dusty, and as she goes to open a window, the glass falls upon her, knocking her out.  Dorothy awakens in a much larger farmhouse where she encounters a very different set of people who claim they're her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry, and when she looks in the mirror, she sees a tall, dark-haired girl in ponytails.  Deciding to play along for now, she's introduced to a Hunk, Zeke and Hickory, farmhands who think Dorothy's lost her memory during the cyclone.  But when a Miss Gulch comes to collect her dog (which looks like Toto, but isn't), Dorothy's had enough.  She wakes up in the palace with the real Aunt Em and Uncle Henry besides her, as well as Ozma, the Wizard, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion. 


Continuity notes: Due to Dorothy's dream referencing the characters exclusive to the MGM film,  the dating of this story would appear to indicate it takes place after 1939, however, the text gives evidence that Dorothy does not recognize these characters and hasn't seen the film.  Additionally, there appears to be none of the later residents that came to live in the Emerald City, no Trot, Betsy, Scraps, etc.  Also, the Wizard expresses concern about her traveling alone (a point he'll raise more powerfully in "Little Dorothy and Toto in Oz").  Finally, this story represents her very first visit to her old farmhouse.  When she brings her aunt and uncle to see it again in The Hollyhock Dolls in Oz, it has been turned into a shrine by the local Munchkins, and Dorothy no longer has the key to the house (which she would've left inside the house during this visit).  This indicates that Dorothy's dream was prophetic, an uncommon but not unheard of phenomenon for her.  Dorothy's first recorded prophetic dream came in "Dreaming in a Scarlet Slumber."


The Wizard of Oz, by Roger Phillips; illustrated by Chris Sterling



Follow the Other Brick Road, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Robert B. Luehrs







Oziana 1990

Number 20

Edited by Robin Olderman



Chapter Three, by Eloise Jarvis McGraw; illustrated by Bill Eubank

Story: Sequel to Merry Go Round in Oz.  When Fess is unable to make it to the Emerald City to celebrate the third anniversary of Robin and Merry's arrival in Oz, he encourages a disappointed Flitter to make the journey himself.  Flitter decides to go, but en route, he's attacked by a russet meagle, which is like an eagle, but larger.  When the flittermouse explains that the meagle can't feed him to his children because he tastes like gnats, the large bird drops him, and he finds himself in the Quadling Country. 


Flitter descends to get his bearings and asks a giant buttermoth in a strange land where he is.  The buttermoth tells him he's in Mariposia, in the Great Wilderness of Nnydd.  Dismayed by this news, as rumors say no travel within its borders ever return, Flittler is startled by the buttermoth when he warns him that the Collector is coming.  Too late, though, as the Collector ensnares him in his net, anxious to use the Wogglebug's new book to better identify his specific species and subtype.  After putting him in his pocked, Flitter cries out to be released, but the man ignores him, introducing himself as Dr. Valdemar P. Glych, a lepidoperist.  He intends to study him in his laboratory. 


When he gets home, Dr. Glych introduces him to his large marmalade cat Gloster.  Trying to be helpful so he'll get released, Flitter tells him of his family and that he's blue because he's from Halidom in the Munchkin Country.  But the doctor only strings him up to his slab and asks his own questions.  When the scientist leaves to catch another specimen, Gloster comes back in the room and begins to untie him.  To his terror, the cat puts him in his mouth and jumps out the window to a thicket.  Terrified, he begins squirming and fighting for his life, when suddenly a huge ferocious tiger appears.  Gloster drops Flitter, who exclaims with joy that it's his friend the Hungry Tiger of Oz!


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place on Thursday, April 11th, the day before the third year anniversary of Robin and Merry's arrival in Oz. "Chapter Three" is the third chapter of an unfinished manuscript written by the McGraws.  No information is yet available as to whether there were other chapters written.  The book, which would have continued the adventures of Flitter and the Hungry Tiger remained unfinished by the time of the Eloise McGraw's death.


New places: The story establishes a new region in the Quadling Country, Mariposia, in the Great Wilderness of Nnydd, where no travel is ever said to return from.  It also establishes a major adventure occurring in Bzzzantium, though this chapter doesn't go into detail about what that might be.


The Guardian Dove, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Melody Grandy

History: This story was originally written for Bucketheads in Oz.  When that title was delayed, it was published here. 


Story: In the Kalidah Woods of the Gillikin Country, the Kalidah Kericot catches an old monkey who pleads for his life.  Kericot asks him why the monkeys call them "patchwork" animals, and he explains that it's because their patched from the pieces of a tiger and bear.  Having never seen either, Kericot doesn't understand, but lets the monkey go anyway.  A grey dove flies down and tells Kericot that he's glad to see what he did, but will keep it a secret from the others in the forest. 


Half a year later, Kericot and her brother Randicot go hunting for the first time.  They come across an old bear, and when Randicot goes to kill him, Kericot wrestles with him and explains that he looks like a kalidah from the neck down.  They next come across a tiger cub, but again Kericot stops her brother, wrestling even harder with him, and explaining that he looks like a kalidah from the neck up.


After snacking on a meat-growing tree, Kericot dreams that the dove appears to him, explaining that there are many more bears and tigers than kalidahs, and that if they left their woods the other animals would join together and destroy them.  Yet, Kericot is the strongest of the kalidahs. 


The next morning, the siblings come upon a Munchkin boy, Braxie, and his grandmother Quandera, talking to a passing turtle.  Although Kericot is hungry, she again feels reluctance, and when she goes to stop her brother this time, the fight becomes a serious battle.  When Kericot claws across his face, Randicot ambles off in pain.  Kericot approaches the frightened Munchkins, but the older one points a stick at him, says some words and turns him into a turtle.


The dove reappears and scolds the former wicked witch, Quandera, for using magic, and explains that Kericot is a friendly kalidah.  She disenchants him, but argues that she only uses her spells now for protection, healing and making housework easier.  After they leave, Kericot wonders what he can eat, and the dove says he should ask the other predators of Oz what they do.  Knowing he can't go back home, he's introduced to the turtle, who agrees to travel Oz with him, and suggests he give his name a tag, christening him Kericot the Considerate Kalidah.  With that, the dove bids them farewell.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The context in which this story was placed (in Bucketheads in Oz) is 1982, though given that Baum stated in The Emerald City of Oz that most kalidahs were "now nearly all tamed," this story works much better at an earlier date.  Assuming the dove is actually the former magician Ugu, this story can take place any time after The Lost Princess of Oz.


Kalidah Woods: Sarjak is the Kalidah Elder in these woods which border the Gillikin and Munchkin Countries.  If any of the expanded version in Bucketheads in Oz is to be accepted, he is also the grandfather of Kericot and Randicot, and the father of their mother Cotrikar.


Kericot the Considerate Kalidah: Kericot appears again (and alongside the turtle, Terrence Oldshell) in Maybe the Miffin, and Thorns and Private Files in Oz Bucketheads in Oz extends the story in "The Guardian Dove."



In a Season of Calm Weather, by Ruth Berman; illustrated by Rob Roy MacVeigh



The Final Fate of the Frogman, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower







Oziana 1991

Number 21

Edited by Robin Olderman



Mission Impozible: Revenge of the Emerald Grasshopper, by Christopher Wayne Buckley; illustrated by Charles Martensen

Story: The Nome King storms about his keep when breakfast isn't served on time, only to discover a startling event: intruders have entered the Nome Caverns. 


Continuity notes: Although internally dated two years after Ozma of Oz, everyone in the story uses the name Ruggedo, not Roquat, which he began using after drinking from the Fountain of Oblivion in The Emerald City of Oz (1905) (also see the Oziana 2004 story "Evrob & the Nomes").  In this case, the incorrect dating can be attributed to the effect of the Waters of Oblivion.


Haiku, poem by Christopher Wayne Buckley



Fairness, by Earl C. Abbe; illustrated by Melissa Warner & Karla Farias

Story: As Herchell Blind prepares to go to the Mt. Munch Oz Convention, his wife reminds him to not spend too much as they have to start an education fund for their son Peter.  Herchell complains that it's unfair that he can't spend his money as he likes on the little pleasure he gets from his collection. Driving off, he hopes to outbid young Anna Tinti for a copy of Jack Snow's last book Timmy and the Shutter Faces of Oz, which is rare, and didn't sell well due to its dark tone that was deemed unsuitable for children.


Enduring the Friday program and feeling it's unfair to have to sleep in an uncomfortable bed, he goes to the Saturday auction and bids up the items Anna wants until she's depleted her funds. Then, when the first edition, first-state copy of Timmy and the Shutter-Faces in Oz is offered at $500.00, he offers $1,200.00 and wins the book.


On his way home Sunday, a large van crashes into his car, and Herchell finds himself falling down an incline into a valley divided into distinctly-colored triangular regions.  He's happy that he's finally going to Oz.  He lands in a walled town with shuttered windows, but when the inhabitants emerge, he realizes he's entered the town of the Shuttered Faces, and as he declares that it's unfair, they "shut up" his face as well.  Glinda's Great Book of Reocrds reads that the "population of Shutter Faces increased by one, and it is fair."


Three years later in the Munchkin town of the Shutter Faces, Herchell goes through his chores as dictated by the Shutter Face King.  Oz for him is hell, and he believes he's damned.  He'd spent the first year complaining it wasn't fair, and the second year trying to escape or rebel. By the third year, he accepted his fate as just, realizing that he'd been blind to the needs and feelings of others. 


Now, behind his shuttered face, he's completely blind, save for those times he opens them to sneak a peek, which often results in him getting caught and punished.  One day, the Shutter Face King shouts a warning of an intruder. The four Out Keepers, Tighty, Fistus, Hinge-pin and one other, come running.  Herchell sneaks a peek in time to see them capture a girl of six with balloons tied to her wrist.  The Out Keeper Hinge-pin tells the King that the rules do not extend to shuttering children, who are Ozma's special favorites and who she will punish if anyone harms.  The king assures him that Ozma will never find out and orders her shuttered.  Herchell is horrified to see this, realizing that this isn't justice or Providence, but cruelty.


Fistus puts the girl under his care, and that night Herchell visits the sobbing child in the adjoining room. Her name is Timothea Anna Smith from Greentown, Illinois.  She had been at the Dark's Pandemonium Carnival when it happened.  After her younger brother accidentally knocked down her cotton candy, she hit him.  As her mother turned to attend to the crying child, a clown tied some balloons to her wrist.  Suddenly she flew off until finally landing in Shutter Town.


Hercell helps her get through the next days, giving her extra food and protecting her from the other Shutter Faces.  In time, she learns to navigate without sight.  When Herchell tells him her nickname is Timmy, he recalls the Jack Snow book.  Thinking it no coincidence, and knowing the premise of that story was that one of the Shutter Faces helped Timmy get out of Shutter Town, he begins to plan.  With a swiss-army knife that she kept in her pocked, he drills pin holes into his shutters over his eyes.  Though painful the next day, he can see again and is surprised to see how small the town actually is.  He knows he must escape by day, as the king keeps watch atop a chimney at night.


At the city gate, he finds Tighty asleep and discovers three bolts that keep the gate locked.  Putting his leaf bag over Tighty, he secures him shut before loosening the bolts and opening the gate.  At last, he and Timmy are free.  The run west through the fields, but soon the Shutter Faces are in pursuit.  They come to a rive, where Herchell spots an old man and pleads for his help.  The man, Johnny Dooit, agrees to assist them, and before the pursuers near the river bank, he constructs a bridge across the river, which they cross, after which he dismantles it from the other side, and puts it in his bag.


They share their story with Johnny Dooit as he removes Timmy's shutters. Herchell will require a magic worker as his have been on too long.  Because the Shutter King will have called in his allies, he suggests they travel north instead, then west, and finally south to the Emerald City.  They follow his instructions and embark upon an epic journey.


A year after Timothea had vanished in the freak storm that destroyed the carnival they'd attended, the Smith family struggle to move on with their lives.  Then one morning, Timmy appears at the door, not a day older from the time she vanished.  The girl tells a wild tale of her adventures in Oz with Herchell, after which Ozma sent her home.  Timmy's mother, Anna Tinti Smith, goes to her bookshelf and takes down Timmy and the Shutter-Faces in Oz, which she got for fifty cents at a yard sale two years after the auction.  After The End, she writes "Thank you Herchell Blind... for saving my daughter and bringing her back to me."


Continuity notes:

Baum: Johnny Dooit hints that he met Baum who remarked that Oz was a nice place to visit before going somewhere better.


Dark's Pandemonium Carnival: This comes directly from Ray Bradbury's 1962 novel Something Wicked This Way Comes, which also occurs in Greentown, Illinois.  This story essentially creates a crossover with the Bradbury novel, and potentially his "Green Town" trilogy, which includes the aforementioned novel, the 1957 novel Dandelion Wine, the 2006 book Farewell Summer, as well as the 2008 anthology Summer Morning, Summer Night.


Dating: The story is broken up into three time frames.  The second is only a paragraph long and takes place three years after the first.  The third can be dated by two factors, the crossover with Something Wicked This Way Comes, which occurs on an October 23d date, probably in the year 1960 or thereabouts (but before the 1962 publication date of the latter book), but after the death of Jack Snow in 1956, as the narrative speaks of his last book (which itself poses problems as it's a non-existant book: see below).  That date helps us to establish the first time-frame, as it's roughly 10 or so years from the time Anna Tintiwho was a teenager when she last saw Herchellgrew up, got married and had two kids. 


Jack Snow: The story revolves around the events of the last book written by Jack Snow.  In the real world, there is no Timmy and the Shutter-Faces of Oz, by Jack Snow or any author (save the author of this story), nor any hint of such a tale. Jack Snow's last books were The Shaggy Man of Oz and the dictionary Who's Who in Oz.  (He was said to have written an additional, now lost, volume called The Rainbow Road to Oz.)  This would appear to suggest this story takes place in a parallel/alternate reality in which Snow managed to write at least one more Oz book prior to his death. The reader can determine for herself.


Johnny Dooit: This handy inventor first appeared in The Road to Oz.  His next appeared in The Master Crafters of Oz, Do it for Oz, and this story.



A Cozy Castle in Oz, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Doug Cho, Amy Kelly, Elizabeth Rodrigues & Eddit Shaw

Story: Seven year old Princess Prunella and her big dog Comfort go to visit her grandmother the Duchess, who is the mother of her father the Duke, who serves with the other nobles at the court of Glinda.  Their castle in Grapelandia, in the Quadling Country, sits at the base of Big Enough Mountain, its tower overlooking the China Country, it's vineyard supplying the country with grapes and wine. 


Since her grandmother is resting, she goes to leave, but spots a blue attic door that everyone has always told her not to enter.  When she tries, Comfort reminds her that she's not supposed to.  She leaves for the time, distracted by the arrival of a boy named Woot the Wanderer, who makes her acquaintance.  While she goes to have Cook prepare him food, Woot inquires as to her mother, but Comfort says she's not a topic of conversation and to drop it.  Prunella's father soon arrives home, and the Duke greets his daughter and Woot warmly, taking him to the castle to meet his mother, the Duchess.  She proves to be cross, rude and unpleasant, and they depart for the third floor where they get a panaramic view of Rigmarole Town, the forest enclosing Bunbury and Utensia, and Swing City.  They get Woot a room with a view of the mountain where Loxo the giant once lived.  The Duke tells him that after he was reduced to human size, he married one of the Grapelandia peasants and now works in the vineyard.


The Duke sends them exploring, and they're joined by Cook's children, Eustacious (Stace) and Tubarose (Rose), who take him various places, including a cave in the hill.  But when he goes wandering inside, he's warned not to go any further than where he can see the opening.  Later, Woot points out the gable to the room behind the forbidden door, and Eustacious says that someone must live there since his mother brings food to the room each day, unlocking it with a key.  Prunella is surprised to hear this.


Though dinners with the Duchess prove awkward, Woot stays on several days, intent on solving the mystery with Prunella.  He learns the location of the castle keys, and on the fifth day, when the Duke and Comfort ride off on business, and Cook takes her children to see relatives, they take the keys and go exploring.  Woot leaves her at the base of the door, allowing her to see in, while he explores the richly decorated suite of rooms that exist beyond.  Although there are women's clothes, no one answers his call, and the room appears empty.  As they prepare to leave, a hawk comes flying in through the window.  Even more startling, the bird turns into a woman.  She introduces herself as Lady Myrna, explaining that she becomes a hawk every day after lunch, when she goes for a flight.  She's never been into the rest of the castle because Cook always locks the doors.  She doesn't leave either because the Duchess told her that if she doesn't return she'll remain a hawk forever.  The princess is incensed to hear that her grandmother has been treating her this way.  Woot promises to right things with her and return, and he and Prunella depart for the time.


Later, after her father returns with Comfort, Prunella demands answers.  The Duke doesn't know what she's talking about, but when Woot says her name is Myrna, the Duke exclaims that that's the name of his wife, Prunella's mother.  He believed that the creature in the attic was a witch and resents the implication that his mother would have anything to do with hiding the truth from him.  But Comfort confirms that the Duchess threatened he and Cook with transformations if they ever told him or the princess about Lady Myrna.  The dog gets the keys and they ascend into the attic.  The Duke is overcome with grief and joy at seeing his beloved wife that he'd thought lost to them years ago.  But Myrna has no recollection of him or of anything prior to living in that room.  She does remember Comfort, for he had been her companion animal before she married.  She also remembers a horrible witch who locked her in the room, and at that her memory starts to return to her.  Comfort fills in the blanks, explaining that the Duchess was consumed by jealousy when her son met and married a Winkie Princess in Glinda's court.  She had long known sorcery, but waited to use it until Princess Prunella was born, at which time she cast the spell on Lady Myrna to make her son believe that she'd become an old witch.  The Duke was then convinced to confine her, and when he insisted on seeing her, she brought him in at the time she was in the hawk form, a form she gave her, further convincing him that his wife was turned to an evil witch.


Prunella then comes up with a plan to allow her grandmother to save face. She'll pretend the hawk was found in the cave with a hurt wing, and brought into the castle to heal, when it turned into Myrna.  This way, the Duchess can claim that her daughter-in-law became herself again.  Myrna agrees to the plan, though she acknowledges that it will be a challenge to forgive the lost seven years that she robbed her of seeing her daughter grow up.  The next morning, the very thing comes to pass, and the Duchess feigns delight at having her daughter-in-law restored to her.  Prunella then moves her things into the third floor, and has the door repainted pink.  Woot bids his friends farewell, and continues wandering.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place "several years" after Loxo's departure from Big Enough Mountain in Speedy in Oz.  Also, Woot speaks of his adventures with the Tin Woodman, in The Tin Woodman of Oz, as occurring a few years ago.  Thus, the Royal Timeline of Oz places this story and its sequel "The Forbidden Cave of Grapelandia," in Oziana 1997, in 1928.


Glinda's Court: One of the few stories that explicitly shows that Glinda holds court, a position she's rarely shown at, but as the ruler of the Quadling Country, it makes sense that she would have a court, and that it would be attended by dukes and nobles.  It's also shown that not all of Glinda's female staff remain permanently as such, as the Duke of Grapelandia met the Winkie Princess Myrna while attending at Glinda's court.


Grapelandia: This well-depicted duchy at the base of Big Enough Mountain in the Quadling Country appears again in the story "The Forbidden Cave of Grapelandia," in Oziana 1997, which deals with the mystery of the cave first mentioned here.


Sequel: The Princess, Lady Myrna, the Duke and Duchess return in a sequel story that deals with the mystery of the cave.  See Oziana 1997: "The Forbidden Cave of Grapelandia."



Book of Records, poem by Christopher Wayne Buckley







Oziana 1992

Number 22

Edited by Robin Olderman



A Christmas Tree for Dorothy, by Jane Albright; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: After a long holiday in Oz, a new one Ozma invented to keep her people from getting bored, Dorothy confesses to Billina that although she enjoys the grand parties, she sometimes misses the simple Christmas celebrations they had back in Kansas.  She hasn't even seen a real Christmas tree in years.  The Scarecrow and Tin Woodman overhear this and endeavor to get Dorothy a Christmas tree.


Exploring the gardens they find the perfect tree just outside Dorothy's window, for which the Tin Woodman is grateful having not wanted to cut down a tree unless it was necessary.  Nick greets the Pine tree, whose nervous until he assures him he's no longer a woodchopper.  The Pine knows of Dorothy and agrees to become a Christmas tree for her.  He doesn't know how to gather stars to decorate him, save to climb the highest tree and pick them from the sky.


They depart to meet the Sawhorse whose cross because they're late, but they explain their delay and dilemma.  He says he can't run up, but that reminds the Scarecrow of High Boy, the giant horse of Oz, who lives in Up Town in the Gillikin Country, and can elevate his legs up very high.  The Sawhorse races his friends to Joe King's castle, where they're greeted by Joe and his wife, Queen Hyacinth, and brought before High Boy.  The Scarecrow and Nick explain their quest for stars and ask if he can go up as high as the stars.  He can and will, and that night, with his umbrella tail raised up to cover them from the wind, he shoots them up into the evening sky, stopping only when they reach the lower level of stars.  But the Scarecrow then realizes that he'd forgot to bring a sack, so High Boy offers his umbrella tail, and they load it up with pale blue, green, pink, white and yellow stars.


Once full, High Boy stars to descend, but at the cloud level, they bump into the Sand Man flying home.  He stops to say hello, but the startled horse sways, causing all the stars to fall out of his tail unto Joe King's garden below.  The Sandman offers to put everyone asleep for a few days while they collect the fallen stars, but they decline, so he instead offers the aid of his Magic Mistake Bag, explaining that it was made by the Wizard for him after the time he mistakenly thought the Emerald Palace (then atop Ruggedo's giant head) was a dream and put everyone to sleep.  Trying it out, the Sandman flies over the field with the open bag scooping up stars.  The task is soon complete and he empties the stars into a feed back, offers his greetings to Ozma and sweet dreams to Dorothy, and flies off.


High Boy then locates the Sawhorse and bids the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman goodbye as well.  When the trio return to the Christmas tree in the palace garden, they're surprised to see it decorated and Santa Claus there to greet them.  He heard the story from the Sandman and brought his elves to assist.  They now take the bag of stars and spread them over the tree.  By the time morning arrives, Dorothy and everyone head to the garden to see the glowing Christmas tree, which Dorothy proclaims the greatest Christmas tree ever.  Santa gives her a present, which is anything she can wish for.  Dorothy wishes for a fruit cake like Aunt Em used to make, and then asks if she can wish enough for everyone.  Santa agrees, and says she can pass the gift along so that everyone can make a wish.  Ozma wishes for distant friends to arrive, while everyone else makes their own wishes.  Later on, Santa teaches everyone Christmas songs.


Continuity notes:

Christmas tree: This is the second time the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman got Dorothy a Christmas tree, though the tree was quite different the first time.  That occurred during the time of Dorothy's first visit to Oz, in the story Dorothy's Christmas Tree, by W.W. Denslow, the first chapter of his Scarecrow and Tinman newspaper strip.  It's notable as well that the pine tree in this story is a talking tree.


Dating: There is no explicit date.  The Scarecrow notes that it's been a long time since he last saw the Sandman, which was in The Gnome King of Oz, in 1915.  It appears to take place during a month in which there are no birthdays or holidays, as Ozma made one up to keep the people from getting bored.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently has this in 1945, though this is an arbitrary date, as it could take place any time after the latter story and prior to 1992.


High Boy: The titular horse of The Giant Horse of Oz, he, along with Joe King and Queen Hyacinth make their first appearance in the latter book.  Though High Boy is mentioned in later stories, this is a rare appearance in which he actively participates in a story.  It's revealed here that his legs can telescope as high as the lower layer of stars, and possibly beyond.


Sandman: The Sandman first appeared in an Oz story in The Gnome King of Oz, in an event that's referenced here.  He appears again in Queen Ann in Oz in Sand City, as well as in The Magic Carpet of Oz.


Santa Claus: Santa Claus first appears in Baum's The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus.  He was first crossed-over into Oz in Baum's Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz newspaper strip.


Stars: The dimension Oz is in contains both celestial stars, as we know them in the Outside World, and other kinds of stars.  Thompson first utilized fairy stars in The Cowardly Lion of Oz, but more explicitly as such in Grampa in OzHurray in Oz makes it clear that there are different kinds of stars in the fairylands.



The Tail of the Pink Goat, by Everett Avila; illustrated by Shaune Anderson, Nicole Bent, Ricky Blount, Daniel Han, Cindy Jen, Joe McSweeny, Deepa Mehta & Brent Peddy

Story: Before the Kingdom of Dreams, there was a Blue Empire that now ceases to exist.  A storyteller in those days wove his tales into cloth in the form of pictures and designs.  Regarding the story of the pink goat (a tale Kabumpo promises to tell Princess Pajonia in The Purple Prince of Oz), the first picture shows a sad and frightened goat with a long ropey tail fleeing from other members of his tribe.  The second shows him before the palace of the Blue Emperor during the fourth birthday celebration of the Emperor's son.  The son arrives and sees the goat.  In the third picture, the son is now emperor, and with the help of the pink goat is rescuing a princess from a chasm with the help of the goat's tail.  The fourth picture shows the funeral of the pink goat, now shaggy with age.  The emperor and his wife, who had been saved by them, mourn. 


It is unknown if any of this tale is true, and some say it is a tall tale told by a peasant.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no means of determining a date, as a Blue Empire existing prior to the Kingdom of Dreams would have had to have existed centuries, if not millennia earlier.  Because it's told as a story within a story, it's placed in the midst of The Purple Prince of Oz, and it can be assumed that the storyteller is Kabumpo.



The Woozy's Tale, by Gili Bar-Hillel; illustrated by David Maxine

Story: Despite preparations for a parade banquet and ball in honor of the new wing added to the Royal Palace, Dorothy finds herself bored and a little irritated at the fact that everyone's too busy to have a conversation.  Stamping her foot in the Royal Gardens in frustration, she dislodges a large sapphire with a strange inscription upon it.


She pockets it when the Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger and Scarecrow coming running, chased by a swarm of black bees.  Dorothy heeds their shouts and runs into the Royal Stables where she sees Ozma, the Wizard, Glinda, Billina, Jack Pumpkinhead and Tik-Tok.  The Scarecrow recalls the time the bees of the Wicked Witch of the West attacked them (in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz), while Glinda, Ozma and the Wizard prepare a spell, a yellow smoke which spells "Bee Gone."  In response, the bees use their bodies to spell "No!"  Glinda then realizes that they're enchanted by an evil wizard, which the bees confirm when they spell out "Krizzle Kroo." 


Suddenly, the Woozy emerges, eyes fiery, scattering the terrified bees with his fearsome squeak!  A thin wizard is left behind, Krizzle Kroo, the self-proclaimed "most powerful wizard in the world."  The Woozy recognizes him as the person who locked him up and took his Munchkin family away.  Glinda recalls him as the wizard who helped the Wicked Witch of the West come to power in the Winkie Country.  Krizzle Kroo lost his powers when Gaylette made his wolves, crows and bees slaves to her silver whistle, punishing him for the terror he struck amongst the Gillikins.  The Woozy remembers that Krizzle Kroo sent his bees against the Wicked Witch of the East in order to make himself king in her place.  She then commissioned her bootmaker to construct him out of leather, and brought him to life in order to chase the bees out.  Krizzle Kroo then used the bees to force the Munchkins to pay him taxes.  Thus, the bootmaker stole him back to have him protect the valley from the bees.  The Woozy came to love his family, but the wizard abducted them and put the Woozy in a pen.


Krizzle Kroo clarifies their misunderstanding, explaining that Gaylette overlooked his queen bee, and from her he rebuilt a new magical army of bees which the Wicked Witch of the West used to conquer Gaylette and take her silver whistle.  The witch had promised Krizzle Kroo the whistle, but decided instead to lie about having obtained it and kept it for herself.  When he discovered her deception, he went about harassing her sister in the east.  As to the bootmaker and his family, he turned them into the three hairs that are on the Woozy's tail!  The words to release them were written on a stone and then lost. 


After Ozma puts Krizzle Kroo in a beehive, Dorothy pulls out the sapphire stone she found and recites the words on it, bringing forth the bootmaker, his wife and child!  The Woozy and they rejoice!


Over time, Krizzle Kroo becomes as sweet-tempered as the bees, and still resides in a hive in the Emerald City.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The story is set right after Ozma expands the Royal Palace with a new wing.  She had initially done this in 1902, shortly after she came to power.  It is unknown when she expanded it again.  That there are no characters from Thompson's run listed in the palace or stables, or for that matter Betsy or Trot, is a potential indication that the story takes place prior to The Royal Book of Oz, but after The Patchwork Girl of Oz.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently has it at 1907.


Krizzle Kroo and the Bees: Given that the word Krizzle Kroo is the spoken part of a spell that stops creatures in their tracks (A Refugee of Oz), it's apparent that this wicked wizard named himself after the words of this spell.  This wizard was apparently instrumental in helping the Wicked Witch of the West come to power.  Glinda believes she got her black wolves, crows and bees from him.  Yet, his claim to have created the bees is disputed by Wisp, who traded them with the Wicked Witch in exchange for magic (The Ork in Oz).  Wisp also trained them for her.  This leaves Krizzle Kroo to come on the scene later, perhaps with the other animals, perhaps not.  Glinda may have gotten wrong information, but Krizzle Kroo does claim that Gaylette took the creatures and made them servants of the silver whistle, all except for the queen bee, from which Krizzle Kroo created a magical race of bees.  This may be where the confusion crept in, and why Glinda believed the original bees had been his.


Gaylette and Glinda: This story lists Gaylette as Glinda's cousin. Dennis Anfuso's The Winged Monkeys of Oz, however, notes that she's her mother. This is easily reconciled, however, as it means that Quelala was Gaylette's first cousin, which allows her to be both Glinda's mother and cousin. Marrying first cousins is not uncommon amongst royals.  That Glinda came from the outside world at the age of 17 (Oziana 2011: "The Solitary Sorceress of Oz") only means there's an untold tale of Glinda going to the outside world, either at a young age, or under a forgetful spell, and then returning to Oz. Why Glinda chooses to keep her parentage a secret at this time (citing Gaylette as her cousin, not mother) is unknown, save that she may not want this information known.


Woozy's Origin: Woozy tells of his origins with a Munchkin bootmaker, his wife and baby, and how the magician Krizzle Kroo, a wizard who helped the Wicked Witch of the West conquer the Winkies, spirited them away and locked him in a pen.  As the Woozy's true origins are yet unknown to him (and are detailed in A Refugee of Oz), he's had no reason not to believe that the bootmaker made him, as the Wicked Witch had ordered him to do something to keep Krizzle Kroo's bees away from her. It seems more likely, in light of the latter story, that the bootmaker did not make the Woozy, but found him wandering, and claimed him as his own to satisfy the domineering Krizzle Kroo.



The Journey, by Deborah Holden; illustrated by Maria Brown



Untitled Story, by Deborah Holden; illustrated by Maria Brown







Oziana 1993

Number 23

Edited by Robin Olderman



The Merchant of Oz, by Chuck Sabatos; illustrated by Chris Sterling



The Silver Jug, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Originally published in an unfinished form as a story-contest (the two winning conclusions appeared in Oziana 1994), Eric Shanower provided his own conclusion and expansion of this tale in the book, The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and other stories


Jubulut, by James E. Nitch (as Onyx Madden); illustrated by John R. Neill

Continuity notes: This very short tale is a single chapter of a never-published story by the author of The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz prior to his death.  As of this writing, it has not been discovered, although Oziana editor, Robin Olderman, indicates that it was in its draft stage. 


Any further information would be appreciated. Email me at:







Oziana 1994

Number 24

Edited by Robin Olderman



Billy Bumble of Oz, by Jane Albright; illustrated by Eric Shanower



Nine Tiny Piglets, by Kimberly Doyle; illustrated by Maria Brown

Continuity notes: This short tale spans several years. It has to be assumed that the author's names for the piglets in this story—which are pork products—must be nicknames that the young pigs (who know of the Outside World) use for each other during their youth.  Gili-Bar Hillel's Oziana story "Pigmentation" and Hugh Pendexter III's The Crocheted Cat in Oz utilize different names that are more likely to be actual names.


Ghosts in Oz, by Marie Richardson; illustrated by Benjamin Fang



Ending #1 for Eric Shanower's "The Silver Jug," by Margaret Berg



Ending #2 for Eric Shanower's "The Silver Jug," by Frederick E. Otto







Oziana 1995

Number 25

Edited by Robin Olderman



Pigmentation, by Gili Bar-Hillel; illustrated by Eric Shanower



A Princess of Oz, by David Hulan; illustrated by James Vincent III

Story: When Trot says goodbye to Prince Philador, King Cheeriobed and Queen Orin, who she spent the past ten days with, she takes one of the Wizard's new transportation pills, which are based on the wishing pills, but only transport people within Oz.


At home, Jellia informs her that Ozma, Dorothy and the Wizard are visiting Glinda, Button-Bright's with Ojo, Betsy's in Oogaboo and Cap'n Bill went sailing.  She decides then explore the tunnels under the palace that Ruggedo and Glegg had dug years earlier.


Finding the trapdoor, she descends with a flashlight, noting that no one's been down there since that time.  She follows one tunnel that leads to Tollydiggle's cellar, another that leads to Wag's old chamber, and one that intersects with a larger tunnel, where she's startled by Delva, Queen of the Delves.  Delva explains that her people are silver miners (who delve), and makes Trot her newest recruit.  The Delves fit her with a helmet and gauntlets and teach her how to use her spinning headgear to tunnel into the earth. 


Trot does this for a time, but grows exhausted and upset after awhile.  Taking pity on her, one of the Delves lets her rest in Ruggedo's old room.  When she later awakens, she discovers that the Delves eat worms and grubs.  Back to work, she inquires why they're digging.  The Delve tells her the Queen's trying to undermine the palace.  Knowing she must inform Ozma, she bides her time.


When she breaks into a woodchuck's burrow, she explains the situation and asks him to go into her pocket, where she retrieves a pill and wishes herself by Ozma's side.  She appears at a banquet at Glinda's palace, where she gets washed up and fed, and tells the whole tale.  She argues that it's not the Delves, but their queen whose wicked.  Considering what to do with her, they send the Delves to Kaliko with a note.  Checking the Magic Picture, they see the Delves overcome by the Nomes.  Ozma then makes Trot an official Princess of Oz.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The mention of Wutz's transformation places this after Handy Mandy in Oz.  Trot's consideration of Kaliko as somewhat of a nuisance, however, seems to be an indication of his behavior in Wishing Horse of Oz (echoed in The Red Jinn in Oz), and Ozma's making Trot an official princess, places this story earlier within that time period.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1935. 


Delves: Glinda reveals what the text hints at, that the Delves are in fact rock fairies related to gnomes.  Their diets are somewhat different (the Devles eat grubs and earthworms), but in culture and behavior, they are very much like Nomes, only delving for silver as their primary objective.  The name Delves is somewhat of a misnomer (sounding like Elves), but is a name based on their queen, Delva. 



The Dollmaker of Oz, by Karyl Carlson; illustrated by Destré Xan Childs

Note: Story takes place in March.







Oziana 1996

Number 26

Edited by Robin Olderman



Umbrella Island in Oz, by Ruth Waara; illustrated by Ken Cope

Summary and Continuity notes: Sequel to Speedy in Oz.  The Oziana entry presents a shorter and somewhat different version of the original manuscript.  See that entry here.







Oziana 1997

Number 27

Edited by Robin Olderman



The Forbidden Cave of Grapelandia, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Story: Happy to have her mother back in her life, Princess Prunella takes Lady Myrna on a tour of the grounds about the castle, and comes to a mysterious cave in a knoll, where it is forbidden to go past where one can see the entrance.  Myrna asks her daughter why it's prohibited, but she doesn't know.  She assumes it must have been so that the little girl wouldn't get hurt, so they return to the castle to get a torch to explore it.  Their watch dog Comfort learns of their expedition, and tells her that it's forbidden, though he too doesn't know why.  She asks who made the prohibition, and he says he heard the Duchess tell the Duke.  Since it was the Duchess who had her locked away for seven years, she reasons that there may be something back there she doesn't want them to find. 


Armed with torches, the three of them venture inside the cave.  Myrna leads the way, but when she doesn't return, Comfort follows.  Finally, when he doesn't come back, Prunella goes looking for them.  She follows a curving passage, but doesn't see anything ahead, until suddenly she plummets down when the floor under her opens up.  She lands safely on soft rubber boulders and relights her torch.  Calling out to her mother and dog, she's answered by a stranger's voice, who she soon discovers belongs to a dragon!


The small, colorful dragonette (a child at only 73 years old) named Quixgl tells the princess he hasn't seen her mother or dog, but knows that his own mother took the woman and her father the dog, but to where he's not sure.  Deciding to help her, he leads her down a tunnel that smells like perfume, but his senses lead him astray.  Myrna, meanwhile, keeps her head and inquires where she's being taken.  The female dragon informs her that they work for the Ruby Imps who rule there.  Myrna recalls that they came from the west, and wonders why dragons would serve them.  The dragon explains that after the Ruby Imps were attacked by the North Wind (see Rosine and The Laughing Dragon of Oz), they headed to the surface to thaw off, and there met the Duchess of Grapelandia, who in exchange for the secret of magical transformations, allowed them to move into the caves of Big Enough Mountain.  There was once a way for them to secretly visit the castle, but she later told them to stay away so that her husband wouldn't discover the bargain she made with them.  Because the Ruby Imp and his chiefs have so powerful magic, the dragons decided to stay in their millennial-old home and obey them rather than be turned into ornaments, figuring that they may at some point leave.


When the passage divides, Myrna suggests they take the less gloomy fork, but the dragon explains that it leads to the lair of Loxo, (Speedy in Oz) a giant so big he's even eaten dragons.  Myrna hushes up Comfort before he corrects the dragon and tells her that Loxo's no longer a threat.  At a signal from Myrna, Comfort attacks the male dragon, allowing her to get passed them, at which point he follows her down to the fork that leads to Loxo's old cave.  The dragons decide that since they'll get eaten by Loxo, they'll leave them be and saying nothing to the imps.


Prunella and Quixgl, meanwhile, head through a tunnel that goes under the castle gardens, passing through the beautiful Jeweled Cave, the grotesque cave of stalagmites and stalactites carved in the form of hideous and terrifying monsters and gargoyles, and a giant cave of dark void, leading at last to a flight of stairs going up into the castle.  The dragonette must part with the princess to go back to where his mother told him to wait, and she thanks him and climbs up the steps into the sitting room of her cranky grandmother, realizing that she'd come through a secret panel.  The old Duchess isn't there and Prunella is able to sneak out before she's caught.


At the same time, Myrna and Comfort pass through Loxo's cave, littered with the bones of humans, animals and dragons.  Once outside they follow a trail for several hours leading back home.  When the Duke returns and hears his daughter's story, along with the implication of another of his mother's secrets, he fears for his wife's safety until they spot them from a distance walking.  Taking the horses, they ride out to greet them, and once the relief and excitement have passed, the Duke hears of his mother's involvement with the Ruby Imps.  He decides then to build a barrier in the tunnel below to prevent an invasion of imps or dragons.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place in the same year as its predecessor, Oziana 1991's "A Cozy Castle in Oz," noted by Princess Prunella's age at seven years old.  The Imps have lived in the caverns of Big Enough Mountain "less than a hundred years,"  having moved in after the events of (Rosine and) The Laughing Dragon of Oz, which occurred in 1916.  This has to be taken as an overstatement, and in recognition of the fact that as dragons are so long-lived, they likely speak in terms of centuries as humans would of decades.  A better clue to the date is the fact that the dragons still believe that Loxo is a giant, and avoid the caverns that lead to his former home.  This is an indication that the story cannot be too far removed from the events of Speedy in Oz, lest the dragons would have learned that he'd been shrunk, a fact that the Duke of Grapelandia knows about and said occurred "several years" ago.  Thus, the Royal Timeline of Oz places this story and its' Oziana 1991 predecessor "A Cozy Castle in Oz" in 1928.


Ruby Imps: The Ruby Imps come from (Rosine and) The Laughing Dragon of Oz.  The female dragon explains that after they were attacked by the North Wind years ago (at the end of the latter story), they went to the surface of the earth to thaw out.  There, they met the Duchess of Grapelandia, who allowed them to move into the caverns of Big Enough Mountain in exchange for the secret of transformations.  They spent a few years teaching her while moving into the caves in Big Enough Mountain.  A secret passage under the castle leads from the Duchess's sitting room to their new domain.  It is planned to be blocked up by the end of this story.


Junk Mail, by Dave Hardenbrook; illustrated by Dave Hardenbrook



The Heart of the Matter, by Theresa Hogue; illustrated by John R. Neill



A Generic Oz Story, by Tyler Jones



Percy's Predicament: Problematic, Puzzling Poesy, by Robin Olderman



Professor Woggle's Bugs: A.K.A. Computer VirOzes, by Gili Bar-Hillel, Nathan DeHoff, Melody Grandy, Dave Hardenbrook, Robin Olderman, Jeremy Steadman, Danny Wall, John N. White



The Braided Man of Oz, by Eleanor Kennedy; illustrated by John R. Neill.

Story: Ugu the Shoemaker makes his first attempt to conquer Oz, causing a silence spell to silence everyone in the Emerald City during Ozma's birthday celebration.  When the Braided Man opens his box of rustles and flutters, however, it causes Button-Bright to laugh, which breaks the spell.  The Braided Man is awarded by Ozma, and moves from his underground home in Pyramid Mountain to a workshop in the Emerald City. 


Continuity notes: Not to be confused with R.K. Lionel’s novelette of the same name.


Braided Man: From Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, the Braided Man returns offering his strange gift of sound, specifically the sound of rustles and flutters.  As he is later encountered in his Pyramid Mountain location, it can be assumed that he maintains a residence in both his original home and the Emerald City.  How he knows of Ozma is explained in Lionel's story of the same name.  Years later, in Ruggedo in Oz, Ozma says she transported him back to his original home, though she doesn't indicate where that is.


Dating: this short story begins on August 14th, though most of the action takes place on August 21st, Ozma birthday.  An unknown celebration is told of Ozma preparing a banquet for Bobo of Boboland, which means this must be after 1906. Ugu the Shoemaker makes his first attempt to conquer Oz, which places this story some time prior to The Lost Princess of Oz, which is set in May of 1909.  That leaves 1907 or 1908.  In the latter year, Ozma's birthday is described in The Magic of Oz,  leaving August of 1907 as the most likely date.  It is known that Ugu had been practicing magic for at least a year prior to his abduction of Ozma in the former story, so a failed attempt 21 months prior is feasible.







Oziana 1998

Number 28

Edited by Robin Olderman



The Gauds of Oz, by David Hulan; illustrated by John R. Neill & Robin Olderman



The Shortest Book of Oz, by J.L. Bell (as Jno. R. Bell)



Ozma's Swap Party, by by J.L. Bell (as Jno. R. Bell); illustrated by John R. Neill

Story: With her birthday approaching, Ozma expresses concern that her friends will embark upon a dangerous quest for a rare present.  She notes what happened to Trot and Cap'n Bill (in The Magic of Oz), as well as previous untold events, such as Sir Hokus' journey to Fremmely to gather dragon's teeth (ending in his armor being turned inside out) and the Wizard trying to saw his assistant in half, resulting in two Number Nines.


Aunt Em suggests that this year they do a swap party from items they all already own. At the party, everyone chooses a gift and begins swamping it for others, ending in most of them getting back their own gifts, including a frustrated Scraps who ended up with a bottle of metal polish.  But Ozma's content that everyone had a good time and recognizes that they all already have everything they want.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Events begins on the week before Ozma's birthday (August 14th) and ends on the day after (August 22nd).  As to year, it must take place after Percy comes to Oz in The Hidden Valley of Oz.


Three Smart Girls: An Ozzy Math Puzzle, by Mike Turniansky



The Grabbit Rabbit of Oz, by Robin Olderman; illustrated by Robin Olderman & John R. Neill


Continuity notes:


Kabumpo Finds a Frond, by Atticus Gannaway; illustrated by Robin Olderman & John R. Neill


Continuity notes: Story takes place in the summer.







Oziana 1999

Number 29

Edited by Robin Olderman



Toto's Tale, by Ian Fink; illustrated by Robin Olderman



How Oz Became a Fairyland, by Marin Elizabeth Xiques; illustrated by Frank Krame & John R. Neill



Canis Heroicus, poem by Robin Olderman; illustrated by Robin Olderman







Oziana 2000

Number 30

Edited by Robin Olderman



Oz, the First 100 Years, by Robin Olderman (& Percy Vere)



The Invisible Fairy of Oz, by Frederick E. Otto; illustrated by John R. Neill

Story: While spring cleaning Ozma's room, Jellia Jamb comes across a grey cloak with a patch, and brings it to Jenny Jump to repair.  But Jenny tells her to take it to Pastoria to fix.  At the shop, Humpy accepts it.  Thinking it familiar, he puts it on and disappears!  Removing it, he reappears and tells Snip and Pastoria about it when they come in.  They each take turns trying it on, but when a customer enters, Pastoria leaves on an errand, forgetting he's invisible.


He comes upon four old women and overhears them talking about kidnapping.  One of them, he learns, is Faleero, the wicked fairy.  Remembering he's invisible, he follows them into a quiet part of the city where Faleero has an herb shop.  Outside it, he's greeted by Two-two, a two-tailed cat who lived there before Faleero moved in and began feeding him.  He tells Pastoria that Faleero's companions are Claudia, Audia and Fraudia, and they arrived a week earlier.  They are wicked fairies, as well, and had restored Faleero after her transformation.  They've been serving as ladies-in-waiting for the princess.  The cat helps him enter the shop where he can overhear their plans.  The wicked fairies plan to abduct Princess Pajonia of Pumperdink and ransom her for the kingdom.


Faleero spots the patch on the Cloak of Invisibility and grabs it.  Fraudia turns Pastoria immobie and they toss him in the back room, tied up, as they make preparations to return to the Gillikin Country.  The cloak will be the key to their plan.  His hopes to send Two-two to get help are dashed when Faleero takes him against his will. 


Flying on broomsticks to Faleero's old hut, they magically expand it so as to accommodate the princess.  Then, heading to the capital, Faleero is able to invisibly approach and abduct Princess Pajonia.  A note is left for the royal family that they abdicate the throne, or else.  King Pompus, Queen Pozy, Princess Peg Amy and Prince Pompadore console each other and Kabumpo, and wonder how Faleero will get away with it once they have the princess back.


The next morning, Faleero and her troop come marching in with the princess.  She insists they all drink lacasa, laced with the Water of Oblivion, which will make them forget that anyone besides Faleero was ever queen.


Pastoria, meanwhile, awakens and remembers his detachable ears.  He sends them to the Emerald City just as Snip and Humpy report that he's missing.  Checking the Magic Picture, they locate him.  Hearing that Ozma went to the Tin Woodman's Pastoria's ears set off and encounter Ozma on the road in the Sawhorse.  She recognizes his father's ears and follows them back to the city, where the Wizard meets them at the herbalist shop.  They rescue and bring Pastoria back home for the night.


The next morning he recounts everything that transpired, and they go to the Magic Picture where they see the what has occurred.  With the Magic Belt, Ozma transports her father, Dorothy, Snip, Pajuka, the Scarecrow and herself to Pumperdink.  She transforms Faleero's cohorts into statues.  Kabumpo seizes Faleero and Ozma turns her into a rag doll.  Two-two meets Snip who invites him to come live with them and be their mascot at the shop.  Dorothy suggests pouring water on the offenders, but Ozma says they're fairies.  The Scarecrow suggests giving them the Water of Oblivion they'd planned for Pumperdink.  This done, Ozma takes Pajonia's suggestion to send them to Burzee.  The party then return home where Pastoria tries in vain to fix the Cloak of Invisibility.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place in the Spring over the course of three days.  No year is indicated in the text, although some dating notes are provided.  The first is the author's own note (explicit in the text) that it takes place after The Purple Prince of Oz (in 1920).  The Wizard is experimenting with his Searchlight.  It can inferred that the Searchlight has newly been invented, placing the story before Handy Mandy in Oz, when it's perfected.  However, this inference has to be ignored.  For one, Jenny Jump is present, necessitating this takes place after The Wonder City of Oz (in 1936).  Also, in order to accommodate The Red Jinn in Oz, in which Faleero plots to take over the Emerald City, and in which she's initially disenchanted from the raven form Ozma gave her, this story must occur afterwards. 


Faleero: At the end of The Red Jinn in Oz, which this story must follow (see "dating" above), Ozma gives Faleero and her companions water from the Fountain of Oblivion and returns them to Follensby Forest.  Following those events, she (like Ruggedo) regains her memory by means of her three ladies-in-waiting (who were not involved in the plot in The Red Jinn in Oz), who are wicked fairies like her.  She then goes on to plot with them to revenge herself upon Pumperdink.  This tale is told here, and ends with her being given Water of Oblivion again, but this time, she's sent to Burzee in the hopes they'll remain innocent.



Ozma Fights the Sniffles, by J.L. Bell

Story: When Button Bright comes down with a cold, things go from bad to worse as Ozma overreacts to what she starts to think is an impending plague.  From quarantines to posted guards and odd remedies, it takes the return of the Wizard from Glinda's to finally release Button-Bright from Ozma's well-meaning captivity.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The narrative takes place a few weeks after Robin Brown's arrival in Oz in Merry Go Round in Oz.


Illness: This story is predicated on the idea that Ozma is still uncertain about the fate of mortals in Oz.  Button Bright's cold indicates that a measure of illness still exists in Oz, and this was true as well of Billina's chick, who died of the pip (in The Emerald City of Oz), which is a kind of respiratory disease.  How Button Bright got a cold is uncertain, and there may be a hint that he caught it from Robin, a new arrival in Oz.



The Marvelous Menagerie: A Centennial Oz Story in 100 Haikus, by Atticus Gannaway







Oziana 2001

Number 31

Edited by Joel Harris



An Oz Cliffhanger, Part 1, by Gina Wickwar; illustrated by Gina Wickwar



The Many Trees, by Marcus Mebes (as Kieran F. Miller); illustrated by Marcus Mebes



The Great Jinjin, by Melody Grandy; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Continuity notes: Appears as chapter 21 of The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3: Zim Greenleaf of Oz.  An epilogue to this story is available online exclusively here.


Dearest Mother: The Last Letters of the Slave of the Magic Dinner Bell, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by J.L. Bell

Continuity notes: Taking place from September 14-15, Ginger, the former slave of the magic dinner bell writes letters to his mother explaining why he quit after Jinnicky got himself trapped inside his jar, and summoned Ginger into the jar with him.  Jinnicky's concern for Ginger is demonstrated when he grants him his wish of having time off, being called a bellboy and servant (and not slave) and being allowed to visit his mother at the end of each month.  The existence of a mother would seem to contradict "Gludwig and the Red Hair," but it is possible that Ginger's mother is, in fact, another gravel person, created by Jinnicky to serve as the boy's mother.







Oziana 2002

Number 32

Edited by Joel Harris



An Oz Cliffhanger, Part 2, by Gina Wickwar; illustrated by Gina Wickwar



Vice Versa, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by John R. Neill

Story: What happens when the doggerel-spouting Scraps rides the poetry-producing Pigasus? 


Cat and Mouse in Oz, by Margaret Koontz; illustrated by Margie Deemer

Story: During the time that Dorothy first encounters the Scarecrow, an American cat and mouse end up in Oz by falling through the pages of a magic book. 


Continuity notes: Takes place during The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. A similar incident occured in Baum's "A Girl Who Owned a Bear," (American Fairy Tales and The Collected Short Stories of L. Frank Baum) in which a clown and some animals come out of a book.  Edith Nesbitt's The Book of Dragons also features this device.


Woot Meets Yoop, by J.L. Bell; Illustrated by John R. Neill

Story: When Woot the Wanderer climbs a mountain pass in the Quadling Country, several animals, insects and signs warn him to beware Yoop.  As Woot recalls being in the clutches of Mrs. Yoop, he also knows she's been turned into a green monkey, so he presses on.  An armadillo and then a hawk try to warn him that it's Mr. Yoop, but too late as the giant grabs hold of him.  Because Mr. Yoop can't bring his clenched fist in through the bars, he's forced to release the boy, but he does get his sack.


A jillrabbit who'd earlier warned him scolds him, but he explains about his confusion with Mrs. Yoop.  The hawk agrees to retrieve Woot's knapsack and has a plan.  He flies over to Mr. Yoop pretending to be his wife.  The giant doesn't quite believe him, so the armadillo and rabbit pretend to be transformed creatures, which convinces him.  Woot soon retrieves his knapsack and bids the animals goodbye, but not without first making Mr. Yoop look like a fool.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no date indicated.  Internal evidence indicates it must take place prior to Oziana 1982’s "The Fate of the Yoops or the Yookoohoos of Oz." As Mr. Yoop is released from his prison by Terp the Terrible (noted in The Giant King of Oz), it must be prior to The Hidden Valley of Oz.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places it in 1927.


Woot: Woot the Wanderer was first introduced, along with Mrs. Yoop, in The Tin Woodman of Oz.


Mr. Yoop: The giant Mr. Yoop was first introduced in The Patchwork Girl of Oz.  His back story, along with his wife's, is told in The Time Travelers of Oz (from The Law of Oz and Other Stories).  He is finally freed in the story "The Fate of the Yoops," in Oziana 1983.







Oziana 2003

Number 33

Edited by Joel Harris



The Bashful Baker of Oz, by Marcus Mebes (as Kieran Miller); illustrated by Luciano Vecchio

Note: For the summary and continuity notes, see the book version of The Bashful Baker of Oz here.


Tik-Tok's Transformation, by Jimm Phillips; illustrated by Luciano Vecchio

Story: After Tik-Tok nearly crushes Eureka when he sits down, causing her to knock over a statue when she flees, and get scolded by Ozma in the process, she vows revenge against Tik-Tok.  Finding a bottle of Powder of Life atop a tall shelf, she waits for Tik-Tok to walk by, but then at the last minute, changes her mind.  Too late, however, as the Scarecrow accidentally knocks into the shelf dropping the contents of the bottle upon the floor where Tik-Tok is walking by.


Just then, he begins transforming into a heavy-set man!  Everyone is horrified, not least of who is Ozma who threatens to banish Eureka if the problem can't be fixed.  When the Wizard reports he can find no solution, Eureka sneaks off with the now-human Tik-Tok and a Scalawagon in the middle of the night, and rides to the Deadly Desert, where she pushes him in.


The next morning, Ozma and the others are upset to learn the two are missing and rush over with the Sawhorse to try and find them.  Just then, Ozma and the Sawhorse spot their Scalawagon returning with Tik-Tok returned to human form.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story likely takes place before "Revolt of the Scalawagons."



Dr. Byz Zaar in Oz, by Daniel Gobble; illustrated by Linda Medley

Story: When a mesmerist with dark glasses named Dr. Byz Zaar comes to the Emerald City to put on a hypnotist show for Ozma and her court, the Wizard deems him a con-man, and is surprised to find his pet owl, Fanto, can't speak.  The mesmerist asserts that he's limited in his knowledge and that some animals in Oz are dumb.  As Ozma thinks the show will prove fun, she allows it.


The next night at his show, the mesmerists sends Fanto to choose his subjects.  Cap'n Bill is the first.  When Dr. Zaar removes his glasses and stares into the sailor's eyes, Cap'n Bill starts singing like an opera singer.  After being snapped out of it, however, he doesn't remember anything.  Dr. Byz Zaar then gets Jack Pumpkinhead to recite Shakespeare.  Finally, he chooses Ozma, and although the Wizard tries to warn her, she goes up and the mesmerist makes her act like a chicken.  Everyone is amused.


Yet, the next day, Dorothy comes down to breakfast to find Ozma sitting with Dr. Zaar, and in an uncharacteristically foul mood.  Ozma tells her she might just fire Jellia, and she's already fired the Wizard for having turned her over to Mombi.  This startles Dorothy, as she knows Ozma forgave him, but when she hears she's appointed Dr. Zaarwho reveals he knows real magicshe runs off, realizing that he had mesmerized her.


Going to see the Wizard, still packing, she tells him her suspicions and he agrees, and they wonder how to break Ozma from his spell.  Dorothy follows him most of the day, and at supper that night, steals into his room.  But Fanto surprises her, and Dorothy wryly notes that he can speak after all.  The Dr. doesn't let him, and is holding his family captive.  They had been living near to the house of a woman who Zaar had been taking advantage of, claiming he could heal and perform miracles, while robbing her of her money.  So the owl broke her out of his trance and told her of his treachery, and he was kicked out.  Zaar soon discovered that the owl was not only immune to his power, but could break his trances, so he abducted Fanto's family and hid them in a secret cave.  Then he took the owl and began traveling the world as Dr. Byz Zaar, mesmerist.


When he comes back to his room, Dorothy hides, and overhears his plans to have Ozma abdicate in a few months.  He notes that if he'd known conquest was so easy, he'd have done it sooner.  After he leaves, Fanto agrees to help Dorothy.  Later, when Ozma makes the announcement that the Wizard is being replaced by Zaar, Dorothy sends out Fanto to break the spell, but Zaar anticipates her, and has Jellia (now under his power) capture the owl, but the bird escapes and squawks, releasing Ozma from his hold.  Dorothy then announces to everyone what he's done.  Zaar flees, but Tik-Tok captures him, and because he's not alive, the mesmerist can't hypnotize him.  The Wizard then replaces his dark glasses with his new Reflectacles, which he locks to the man's head with a spell.  If Zaar attempts to use his powers, they will only reflect back on him.  Zaar tries it anyway, only to hypnotize himself.  At that, Fanto commands him to take him to his imprisoned relatives.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place over the course of two days.  The year is less clear, but there are some indications as to when it might take place.  Ozma was similarly mean-spirited in The Red Jinn of Oz, when she was replaced by Faleero.  This story must take place prior to that, else Dorothy would have suspected a similar scenario.  There are no Thompson or later characters mentioned in the story, which is a potential indication of its date, but more significantly, the excuse that the hypnotized Ozma gives for dispensing with the Wizard was his treachery in handing her over to Mombi, something that Dorothy notes Ozma forgave him for.  This must be a recent occurrence, else Dorothy would likely have noted that it was years ago.  Similarly, Ozma's court is not too shocked when they learn of the Wizard's supposed abdication of his position, which also speaks to an early period after Ozma's ascension to the throne.  Finally, the idea of Ozma falling for Dr. Byz Zaar (and even allowing him to practice magic on a limited basis) lends credence to the idea that this takes place early on.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1907.







Oziana 2004

Number 34

Edited by J.L. Bell



A Bungled Kidnapping in Oz, by David Hulan; illustrated by John Mundt, Esq.

Story: This Otto-award winning short story tells the tale of how Bungle got back her pink brains after the Wizard turned them transparent in The Patchwork Girl of Oz This story makes up the first two chapters of David Hulan's The Magic Carpet of Oz, with a change from the name Zif to Tando.


Continuity notes:

Bungle's Brains: Due to the fact that Atticus Gannaway's "Toto and the Truth" (Oz-story Magazine #6) records an event that must take place at the end of The Patchwork Girl of Oz, and which involves Bungle regaining her pink brains from the Wizard at that time, the Wizard must have made them clear a second time (which he threatens to do at the end of "Toto and the Truth").  Judging by how he originally restored them at that time, revealed in "Voyaging Through Strange Seas of Thought, Alone" (Oziana 2011), he must have only turned her pink brains clear (as opposed to replacing them).  In either case, this story represents the second and final time they are restored by the Wizard.


Dating: The events here take place after The Lost Princess of Oz.  This story makes up the first two chapters of David Hulan's The Magic Carpet of Oz, with some slight changes to the new name Jommy Zelv takes on. 


Tando or Zif: In the Oziana story it is Zif (said to mean industrious in the old language), who is Professor Wogglebug's assistant in The Royal Book of Oz (which is a nice nod to his origins).  In the book version, however, it is Tando Makrit (said to mean kind and industrious in the old language), who has no other Ozian equivalent.  The Zif character should be considered the correct one, with his middle and surname Tando Makrit.


New Moon Over Oz, by Margaret Berg (as M.A. Berg); illustrated by Alexi Francis

Story: Ozma and her friends contemplate the beauty and wonder of the new moon. 


Continuity notes:

Dating: This prose poem takes place in the Spring.  Year placement is my own (although there are no Thompson characters present, I find a poetic notion in the crescent moon serving as a metaphor for the death of L. Frank Baum, and the coming of a new Royal Historian in the Land of Oz, Ruth Plumly Thompson). 


Evrob & the Nomes, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by John R. Neill

Continuity notes:

Dating: Taking place a short time after the events of The Emerald City of Oz, young Prince Evrob digs too deep and ends up in the Nome Kingdom, which leads to all kinds of misunderstandings as Dorothy takes it upon herself to rescue him.  The abrupt change of the Nome King's name (from Roquat to Ruggedo) is at last explained. This is also the first time that Dorothy reads from Glinda's Great Book of Records, and the first time that Ruggedo begins to discover what happened to him and his Magic Belt.







Oziana 2005

Number 35

The Countryside Issue

Edited by J.L. Bell



Jinjur's Journal, by Loralee Petersen; illustrated by Kevenn T. Smith

Continuity notes:

Dating: Takes place October 1-9, 1902, about a year after the events of The Marvelous Land of Oz.  Jinjur is now living with her husband Mr. Popp (who she met six months after the events of the latter book) in the Munchkin country of Butter Brook, where they run a dairy farm with nine cows. 


In the 1906 story, "Four View of General Jinjur" it's revealed that Ozma helped find her the home she lives in, and, more significantly, that her marriage to Mr. Popp did not survive, as she later separated from him.  The story "Tommy Kwikstep and the Magpie" shows that during her four or five-year married period, she had a son and daughter.  By the time of Adolf Hitler in Oz, in 1945, she is back living with her husband.


The Patchwork Girl's Pet, by Peter Schulenberg; illustrated by Sheena Hisiro



The Red Desert of Oz, by Nathan M. DeHoff; illustrated by John Mundt. Esq.

Story: Down the Quadling River, the goblin Fragram of Yartralia guides the Scarecrow's ship, Blue Moon, to Hyrystalia in order to obtain Hyrystalian widdstils for Ozma's Royal Gardens.  But when they come across a desert, the Scarecrow points out that it's supposed to be a fertile land and Button-Bright thinks they're lost.  Fragram assures them it's beyond the desert, and the Scarecrow recalls something about a Red Desert.  The goblin says the Kingdom of Aldehydea is there, and the Scarecrow remembers that many alchemists, astronomers and scientists hailed from there.  As he hasn't heard from them since he was king, he determines to detour there.


Docking the boat, they follow the road to a red castle where they enter a marketplace that features various items for sale.  Button Bright purchases an alchemy set for a jeeble and a top. The merchant, Cepheus Wolfram, is normally a sociologist, but like many, is forced to sell things to make a living.  He recognizes the boy and Scarecrow, recalling there's been no celebrities there since Glinda had visited in his father's time.  His old friend Actinidos was an Oz historian, but had been reading a book on ancient Quadling monsters when one jumped out of an illustration and ate him.  His son Lanthanidos continues his work, though he doesn't care for him.


Coming before King Ether and his royal vizier Lanthanidos, the Scarecrow and Button Bright are shocked to hear them bitterly decry Glinda.  The king complains that he is the rightful heir to the Quadling throne.  162 years ago, fearing the wicked witches, his grandfather King Jandor IV fled into the desert, leaving Glinda behind as regent.  He married Halogena Aldehyde, Queen of the Red Desert.  Their son Ketone succeeded them.  He married Queen Ryssa, but did not claim the Quadling throne, despite the witches and magicians being dead or disempowered.  20 years ago, they sank into quicksand and Crown Prince Ether became king, but Ozma denied him his Quadling birthright, so they consider her under Glinda's thrall, especially as the Gillikins are ruled by a minor mountain monarch that she appointed, and the Winkies by someone whose neither a Winkie nor of royal lineage.  Button Bright queries why royalty matters, but they argue that royal lines trace ancestry back to a ruler chosen by the Supreme Master.


Princess Ester arrives, friendly to the visitors, but her brother determines to dethrone Glinda and put himself on the throne, and brings in three small dragons found in the Red Desert called Ropers, who shoot a rope-like substance from their mouths and bind the visitors.  Ester argues that Lanthanidos is filling his head with bad ideas and that the only reason she's not queen is because of an outdated patriarchal system.


Tossed in the dungeons, the travelers meet the zoologist Cladistus Taxonomus and the former female commander of the king's army General Idea, who was imprisoned for refusing to march on Glinda's castle.  They untie them from their bonds.  The Scarecrow is confident Glinda or Ozma will see their plight and rescue them, but the kind has Mana-sucking cobras who can nullify Glinda's magic.


While Fragram and the Scarecrow join them in a game of cards, Button Bright goes to explore the dungeon.  He enters a corridor choked with boxes of equipment, but manages to squeeze through a small, tight spot.  Two passages emerge; following one he comes to a stone wall with a loose stone.  Pushing and pulling it releases a small sealed redwood box.  Taking it, he tries the other passage. 


Princess Ester arrives with Button Bright to free them.  Her brother has taken the army upon warpions, giant scorpions from the Red Desert.  The princess has her own, and takes them to the stables.  Pincham agrees to escort them.  When they arrive, they find two lines of warpions surrounding the palace.  Aldehydean soldiers have taken the place of Glinda's guards, who've been bound by the Ropers.  The Scarecrow knows of a side entrance.  Button Bright offers his alchemy set and other materials which Cladistus can use to create a formula that will render them immune to the Ropers. 


When Ester sees the redwood box, she tells them that three were passed down to them for generations.  She and her brother have one, and the third was lost.  They were given by Glinda to her great grandfather when she served as his Royal Sorceress.  With a flask of alcohol from Fragram and matches, they light the elixir and then drink it (the Scarecrow has his poured over him).  Cladistus also has an antidote for the Mana-sucking Cobras., and General Idea has a sleeping potion, but when she pours it, she forgets that they're all inhaling the potent fumes, and everyone but the Scarecrow passes out.


Realizing it's up to him, the Scarecrow takes the cobra antidote and enters the palace.  A Roper attacks him, but fails to ensnare him.  In the throne room, Aldehydean soldiers battle Glinda's, as Ropers immobilize them.  King Ether sits on the throne.  The Scarecrow trips over a cobra, dropping the potion, but a handmaiden catches it, and he tells her to administer it to Glinda.  Her magic restored, she sends the cobras, Ropers and soldiers outside, frozen, and dissolves the chords binding her servants.


Princess Ester, Button Bright and the others enter as King Ether complains that it's his birthright to rule, but she reveals that in the redwood box that she opened is their father's document relinquishing their claim to the Quadling throne.  Lanthanidos had hidden it.  Though Ether apologizes, Glinda deems him unsuitable for rule and appoints his sister in his stead.  She allows her brother to be on the Royal Council.  Lanthanidos is exiled, and Ester recommends he try to get work in Halidom as a historian.  General Idea is restored with the promise that there will be no more invasions, and Cladistus is made Royal Vizier.  The Queen then goes outside to explain the new situation to the army.  That night she hosts a celebration in her castle.


In the morning, Glinda returns home and the Scarecrow, Button Bright and Fragram returns to the Blue Moon, arriving at Hyrystalia to obtain the widdstil seeds.


Continuity notes: Re-edited from the original online version known as "The Quadling King of Oz" (originally credited to the pseudonym Damon Z. Pythias). 


Dating: It's explicitly noted that 162 years have passed since Glinda became ruler of the Quadlings, an event that occurred in 1820.  As Prince Pompadore in Oz occurs just as the Scarecrow and Button-Bright have returned from their journey gathering the Hyrystalian Widdstils, this dates that story as well.


Gilkenny Royalty: Though it's not known when they ruled, some time in the past, Gilkenny was ruled by a King Gomlon and Queen Gelja.


Glinda: In 1820, Glinda was Royal Sorceress of the Quadling Country.  The king was then Jandor IV.  A king Jandor rules in Reddy and Willing: The Adventures of Jair in Oz, but it's not known if this is a predecessor, as the latter story is 60 years earlier.  She becomes ruler of the Quadlings when he flees for the Red Desert, and his son King Ketone officially abdicated the throne to her, content to rule Aldehydea.







Oziana 2006

Number 36

The Haunted Issue

Edited by J.L. Bell



The Wailing Witch of Oz, by Daniel Gobble; illustrated by John Mundt. Esq.

Story: Dorothy, the Wizard and Sawhorse make a two-day journey to northeastern corner of the Gillikin country, to the small and insular town of Bluggburg, where 38 people over the decades have been taken by the Impassable Desert.  The Wizard and Dorothy enter the tavern, where families have gathered to avoid the siren song of the Wailing Witch.  The Mayor Nate Nuttercut, who doesn't want them there, reluctantly explains their history: Before the Wizard arrived in Oz when Oz was ruled by the four witches, Pribyl came to live in the outskirts of Bluffburg.  A year after her arrival, the son of Mr. Bibbleworth fell into the desert, and the witch was accused.  When they find toys in her cottage, they're convinced and drive her over the cliffs into the desert.  Now, she has returned to exact her vengeance. 


Dorothy is disturbed by their actions, but the Wizard wants to see if in fact those that died were connected to those who killed Pribyl, and they head to the Bibbleworth's Library.  Mr. Bibbleworth's brother was the one taken by the witch when he was ten years old.  The librarian reluctantly assists them, showing them to the records, and explaining that the first deaths began a few years after Pribyl's death, then later that month when they began hearing the horrible wailing.  It was on and off since then, including a full decade when they didn't hear from her at all.  Searching through the records, however, they can find no pattern connecting the victims to the family's of the posse that killed her. 


Hearing the cry of the witch, Dorothy races out to find the Wizard who'd gone out to find food.  The Sawhorse and her rush to the bluffs where they see his dark shape ahead and then disappear into the sands.  Dorothy is horrified, but when they go to explore the sheer bluff, Dorothy discovers a crevice.  Climbing down, she sees half-submerged heads and torsos in the side of the cliff and reasons the witch had transformed them into statue and grated them to the cliffside.  And then she sees a cave entrance, and there before is the Wizard turned to stone in the cliff.  A voice greets her, then a glowing figure of a woman.  She explains that after her body was destroyed, her spirit came to rest in the cave; her cries call to the people to find her, but they always fall over the bluffs.  So, she suspends them on the cliff in petrified form.  Dorothy sees the toys and a crib, and comes to realize she had a son.  The boy was nineteen months old and kept a secret from the townspeople who'd begun to blame her for anything that went wrong.  When the boy fell to his death, she left her son at the doorstep of the nearest house and returned where she was put to death.  She's been looking for her child ever since, but cannot leave the cave.  Dorothy says she has to choose a different approach and promises to help her find her son if she releases the Wizard.


Dorothy explains the situation to the mayor, and with a rope, Dorothy, Mr. Bibbleworth and the Sawhorse bring out six strong men to pull up the petrified men, who Pribyl disenchants.  This they repeat 37 more times before Bibbleworth assists her in rescuing the Wizard.  Afterwards, he goes into the cave, and Dorothy follows to find him confused.  He remembers the location as Pribyl confirms that he is indeed her son.  He'd learned that he was left on the doorstep of the family who raised him, and is not Byron Bibbleworth but Timofey. Determining that he is happy, her spirit disappears.  On their way home, Dorothy and the Wizard ponders how her spirit became attached to the cave after her body was destroyed.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Takes place over the course of a week, with the action occurring in one day during the new moon (it's a two day journey to and fro, and they spend three days in Bluffburg).  There are no discernable clues as to when this story takes place.  The back-story begins before 1871 (when the Wizard arrived in Oz) during the time a  Wicked Witch ruled each of the four quadrants.


Rivals, poem by Adrian Korpel; illustrated by David Lee Ingersoll



The Axman's Arm, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by David Lee Ingersoll

Story: When young siblings Jair and Wenni discover a left arm crawling around their yard with the name Nimmie Amee tattooed on it, Jair decides to put it to work cutting wood.  Trouble ensues when Jair brings it to the former home of the Wicked Witch of the East, and there encounters the left arm of Captain Fyter, which follows them home.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Some years after Nimee Amee leaves her former home. As the path to the Wicked Witch's former home is overgrown with young plants, it's not too many years after the events of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.  The castle of the Wicked Witch of the East is noted as being on Mudcake Hill.








Oziana 37

Number 37

Edited by J.L. Bell




As the Rainbow Follows the Rain, by Jeff Rester; illustrated by Melody Grandy

Story: When a rain sprite brings a rain shower, the Rainbow comes and with it Polychrome, who drops to the ground and begins dancing. 


Hystal, the rain sprite, inquires about her mother and Polly explains that she's the personification of the rainbow, Iris, the messenger of the Olympians from ages before the Great Sundering, when she met Bifrost the Rainbow Bridge.  When the evil giants of fire and ice came, they mounted the bridge, but it collapsed.  This was when the mundane world was torn from the world of magic, and inside became outside and vice versa.  At that time, Iris came to see what occurred and found Bifrost shattered.  She pulled his pieces together and healed him.  He was thus reborn as the Rainbow and they went on to produce over three thousand daughters and one son, Polyphemus, Polychrome's younger brother, who was born blind, but happy. Her youngest sister Polydori is even more different than the rest.


When Polychrome's father calls her, she bids Hystal goodbye and disappears again up the rainbow.


Continuity notes:

Polychrome's family: Polly offers some pertinent information about her family, including her mother Iris, an Olympian immortal, and her father, who was once the Rainbow Bridge Bifrost of the Aesir, but was shattered at the Ragnarok (called here the Great Sundering), and healed by Iris, so that he was reborn as the Rainbow.  The couple produced two thousand Daughters of the Rainbow and one son, Polyphemus, born blind, and one final daughter Polydori, of whom not much is known save that she's very unlike the others.  Her, Polyphemus and Polychrome are close, however.



The Magic Door to Oz, by Paul Ritz & Johanna Buchner; illustrated by F. Kay Baumann

Continuity notes:

This story originally appeared in the March Laumer anthology In Other Lands Than Oz.  This version eliminates Mr. Tumnus from The Chronicles of Narnia and the pushmi-pullyu from the Dr. Dolittle tales, both of which are under copyright, but which indicate a possible connection to those universes.


Bastinda and the Winged Lion, by Sergei Sukhinov, translated by Peter Blystone; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Continuity notes:

Previously unpublished history of the main characters from the "Fairy Tales of the Emerald City" saga.








Oziana 38

Oziana 2008

Number 38

Somewhere Beyond the Sea

Edited by Marcus Mebes



Executive Decisions, by David Tai; illustrated by Kimberly McFarland

Story: As Dorothy presides over court while Ozma and the Wizard are away, she, Betsy and Trot debate how Ozma can put up with sitting on the throne all day making decisions.  The last petitioner of the day walks in the room then, and shocks the three girls, who all recognize her as Mombi.


When they ask Omby Amby about it, he says the woman's been waiting all day, and they're puzzled he doesn't recognize her.  Mombi then complains that some kind of mushroom people are building a tunnel under her house through the basement.  But the girls are still in shock.  Toto confirms it's her, but Mombi insists she's never seen them before today, and asks for a glass of water.  Trot runs to get it, but then dumps it on her head.  Mombi is incensed at her behavior, and Betsy and Trot apologize.  They hint to Omby Amby to take her to Tollydiggle's (on the pretext of getting her a guest room). 


The girls figure out that since only the Scarecrow and Sir Hokus saw the execution, they should ask them what's really going on.  Finding Corum, who they still call Sir Hokus, he tells them that he, the Scarecrow and Omby Amby put her in the Fountain of Oblivion.  The girls puzzle why they'd do that, or why Amby doesn't seem to remember her.  They decide to look into the Magic Picture to see if it will show them the past, something they've never tried before, but when they ask it to show them Mombi's execution, nothing happens.  Ozma then shows up, and tells the girls to ask her instead!


Ozma explains that she new Mombi wouldn't be harmed by water and that it would only erase her memories and take her magic from her.  As to why she spared her, Mombi had raised her, and she promised to care for her in her old age.  Executing her would have broken that promise.  As for the reason for her deception, the girls conclude that she wished to show her father that she was capable of making the hard decisions, that she wasn't weak, lest he or another decide he should be back on the throne (as Mombi had wanted).  Mombi knew what Ozma had intended, and went willingly, requesting only that she keep her name.  The Scarecrow, Sir Hokus and Omby Amby agreed to have their memories modified so that they only remembered the "execution." 


Ozma expresses concern as to what might occur if people find out she faked an execution for her personal feelings and promises to Mombi, and asks if the girls think they should have their memories wiped as well.  Betsy and Trot leave that decision to Dorothy.


Continuity notes:

Dorothy's Decision: It's never stated whether or not Dorothy decides to have her, Trot and Betsy's minds wiped to forget they know that Mombi was spared by Ozma.  Ultimately that leaves it up to each reader's determination.


Mombi: Ozma's out-of-character action from The Lost King of Oz is at last resolved, reconciling the pacifist nature Baum showed her to have with woman capable of coldly issuing an order of capital punishment in the former book.  This story also explains the ruse behind the seemingly cold execution, as well as Ozma's reasons for not wanting to do harm to the guardian she'd promised to take care of in The Marvelous Land of Oz (a fact that Thompson either overlooked or cast aside).  The fact that Mombi cannot be washed out with water reconciles several hints about her in the original series, including the fact that she drank coffee in The Lost King of Oz.  Unlike the Wicked Witches of the East and West, who Baum says were dried up for a long time, Mombi is different, a point that will be underscored in the upcoming short story, "The Gillikin Witches of Oz" and in Oziana 2015's "The Malevolent Mannequin of Oz," which reveals that she's a Yookoohoo. Mombi's survival is also confirmed in this story's direct sequel, "Thy Fearful Symmetry" (included in this issue) and The Royal Explorers of Oz: Book 3.  The revelation that Mombi never died and has no memory of the past raises questions about her appearance in Bucketheads in Oz (and The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3), which are addressed and retconned in that entry.


Sequel: The direct sequel to this story, "Thy Fearful Symmetry," is available in this issue, and deals with what happens when the Hungry Tiger spots Mombi after she's just left the palace.


Bud and the Red Jinn, or, Don't Always Look a Gift Horse Goat in the Mouth, by Jared Davis; illustrated by Anna-Maria Cool

Note: This story appears in an extended version in the first book of The Royal Explorers of Oz trilogy.


Polychrome Visits the Sea Fairies, by Gina Wickwar; illustrated by Alejandro Garcia

Story: When Polychrome dances off the Rainbow unto Seal Island in the North Pacific, she meets Friska and her baby Clipper, two barking seals who offer to keep her company until the Rainbow returns.  Just then, the sea fairies Merla and Clia appear.  They invite them to meet Queen Aquareine and King Anko.  Poly agrees and they transform her legs into a fish tail.  The invitation is extended to the seals, an old walrus named Wiggles, and the shy orca Margaret, who'd been exiled by her pod because she refused to kill.


The party descend and soon arrive at the coral palace and gardens of Queen Aquareine who, with King Anko, warmly greet their visitors.  Anko tells Poly he hasn't seen her father in a thousand years.  Polychrome in turn recalls the stories her father told of the great Sea Serpents.  Anko confides that he

recently met with Unko and Inko to discuss two matters.  One is the former subjects of Zog, the devil fish.  Although they turned their allegiance to King Anko, now that Rath, a giant devil fish, has assumed power, they are again causing mischief.  The other matter is all the starfish crowding the ocean floor.  He requests that the Rainbow keep his stars in the sky.  Polychrome plays along, claiming her father will request this of the Moon Queen.


Queen Aquareine suggests they pay Prince Rath a friendly visit to suggest he learn to live in peace with his neighbors.  As the Devil Caves are a long way off, Clip is asked to stay behind, and the party head out.  En route, they encounter numerous underwater inhabitants, including a pod of killer whales who shun Margaret.  This saddens her as she's been lonely since Grampus, the king of the orcas, exiled her, separating her from her sister.


Arriving at the Devil Caves, they're surrounded by devil fish and greeted by the giant crimson and tentacled Prince Rath, who invites them into his huge glass-domed, luxuriously decorated throne room.  Anko commands Rath to ceases causing trouble, but if he refuses to comply he'll be left with no choice but to destroy him as he did his predecessor.  Rather informs him that he cannot harm him as he's abducted Grampus.  To prove it, he brings the tied up killer whale out.  Furious, Margaret charges at Rath, chasing him into a kelp forest, where he becomes imprisoned in the seaweed.  The forest then echoes that Rath is a wicked prince who they will keep imprisoned forever.


Grampus thanks Margaret for saving his life, and then apologizes for his treatment of her, inviting her back into the pod, even if she chooses to only eat seaweed and plants, as he's come to appreciate the differences amongst orcas.  Margaret rejoices at this.  Anko places another devil fish in charge with a warning to behave or else.  They return to Aquareine's palace, and on the third day a report comes in of a storm brewing in the North Pacific.  Poly knows it's time to go home, as do the others.  Back on Seal Island, she says goodbye to all her new friends as the sea fairies restore her legs, and the Rainbow comes to collect his stray daughter.


Continuity notes:

Dating: There is no explicit date given, save that it must take place some time after The Sea Fairies, since Zog had been defeated long ago, but before The Royal Explorers of Oz trilogy.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places it in 1989, though this is an arbitrary placement.


Queen Aquareine and King Anko: This king and queen of the Nonestic, along with the sea fairies Clia and Merla, first appeared in The Sea Fairies.


Seal Island: The existence of talking seals, walruses and orcas in the North Pacific, as well as the fact that it's considered the sea fairies' "favorite winter grotto," must indicate that Seal Island borders the Nonestic, and is part of it.  Sadly, the concern that Clipper expresses over hunters demonstrates that not all the lands in the Nonestic are yet free from that vile practice.



The Rainbow's Daughter: An Appreciation, poem by Marcus Mebes



Thy Fearful Symmetry, by Jeffrey Rester; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Story: Frame: Lured by the insatiable scent of an infant, the Hungry Tiger leaves the Royal Palace to hunt it, and finds himself on the balcony of a nursery in which lies a baby.  Footsteps cause him to depart, but he then sees an old woman, which causes his memory to come flooding back to him.


Flashback: The Tiger sees Mombi with a baby who she calls "Ozma Infante," or rather "Ozmus Infante," saying he would be her servant Tippetarius.  The Tiger then interferes, demanding she hand over the child who he believes she means to harm.  Incensed at the interference, Mombi gathers her powers and summons up the Aethon Fames (the Greek personification of famine), and curses the tiger to have the hunger of one who is starved and voracious.  A tear from the baby burns her fingertip and she calls up the sands to alight upon it.  She then thrusts it into the mouth of the tiger and tells him the taste of the infant will forever be upon him, and he will crave the flesh of fat babies.  Thus, the Hungry Tiger comes to be.


Frame: The Hungry Tiger leaps before Mombi, who he now knows is the cause of his torment, but she doesn't remember him, and before he can cause her injury, Ozma arrives, reminding the Tiger of how long he's bested his desires despite how powerful they've been.  She tells him that Mombi is no longer a threat.  The ruse of execution was for the people and for Mombi to whom she made a promise.  She asks the Tiger if he loves her, which he confirms he does, and says that he must obey her wishes.  Ozma then tells Mombi to depart, ensuring that the problem she brought before her will be taken care of.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The frame story serves as a direct sequel to this issue's "Executive Decisions."  Mombi has just left the palace, having brought before Ozma a problem concerning mushroom people.


The Hungry Tiger: This character's origins are at last revealed to have been a curse of Mombi when he intervened years earlier, having attempted to take the baby Ozma away from her.



The Bashful Baker's Honeymoon, by Marcus Mebes; illustrated by Alejandro Garcia








Oziana 2009/Oziana 2010

Number 39 and 40 (in the same issue)

Oziana 2009

Parodies and Alternate Views

Edited by Marcus Mebes



Toto Reveals, by Brianna Landon; illustrated by Ben Wood

Continuity notes: Toto retells the events of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz from his perspective.  This device has been done in other stories (e.g., K.D. Hays & Meg Weidman's Toto's Tale), however, this version sticks to the book.  When Toto tells this tale is unknown, but must be after he begins speaking in "Toto and the Truth."


Barry Porter and the Sorceress of Oz, parody by Eleanor Kennedy; illustrated by Sheena Hisiro



Polychrome Visits the Sea Fairies, by Gina Wickwar; illustrated by Alejandro Garcia



The Ransom of Button-Bright, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by S.P. Maldonado



The Trouble With the Magic Belt, by Stephen Teller; illustrated by John Mundt, Esq.



The Bashful Baker's Honeymoon, by Marcus Mebes; illustrated by Alejandro Garcia


Oziana 2010

The Challenges of Governing Oz

Edited by J.L. Bell



Celebrating Ozma: The Silver Jubilee Issue, by Andrew and Rachel Heller; illustrated by Tim Art-McLaughlin



Fiddle's Revenge, by Arianna Brown; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Story: Fiddle, the son of the giant spider from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz gains the Magic Cap and commands the Winged Monkeys to capture the Cowardly Lion.  With the help of the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman, however, Fiddle ensnares himself and ends up on the Deadly Desert. 


Continuity notes:

Fiddle: It is unknown if Fiddle survives (he believes he can, and, as several other creatures have, it's possible).


The King of the Winged Monkeys: Here named King Tofu.  He must have taken over recently, as Father Goose in Oz notes that King Nikkalo had been king, and his father was king before him.  Perhaps the Winged Monkeys chose a new king, forcing Nikkalo to abdicate.  Tofu might even be his son, or a relative.  Conversely, there may have been a coup.


Wicked Witch's Castle: The Tin Woodman is said to live in the Wicked Witch's former castle, but there is no evidence to say that this has ever been the case.  It's but a passing reference, however, and can be chalked up to historian error.


Invisible Fence, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by David Lee Ingersoll








Oziana 2011

Number 41

Origins and Explanations... maaaaaybe

Edited by Marcus Mebes



Voyaging Through Strange Seas of Thought, Alone, by David Tai; illustrated by Kim McFarland

Continuity notes: The Glass Cat's perspective is told on the process by which she gets back her pink brains.  This is told from a different point-of-view in "A Bungled Kidnapping in Oz." (Oziana 2004).


Blinkie of Oz, by Justice C.S. Fischer; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso



Jenny Everywhere in Oz, by Kass Stone; illustrated by Alejandro Garcia



The Solitary Sorceress of Oz, by Mycroft Mason; illustrated by Isabelle Melancon. Also available online here.

Story: Trot asks Dorothy and Betsy if they know where Glinda came from, and wonders why, if she's the most powerful sorceress in Oz, she didn't do something when Ozma's father was deposed, or when Mombi hid Ozma. Also why didn't her Great Book of Records tell her what was going on? The girls agree they're good questions and tell her to speak to the Wizard.


Trot finds him in the library and asks her questions, explaining that there are pieces of history that don't quite fit with what's known of Glinda.  The Wizard acknowledges that she's not spoken of her past.  Trot doesn't think it's right for her to so alone and that they only visit her when something's gone wrong.  They consider asking Ozma, but figuring she'll just throw her a party, they're unsure how to proceed.  Later, Trot receives a message via hummingbird from Glinda inviting her to visit and talk.


In the morning, Glinda's swan chariot picks her up, and she's invited to her private sitting room, where they eat.  Glinda tells her that the Great Book of Records informed her that Trot was inquiring and hoping to relieve her of her loneliness.  She then tells Trot a secret that no one know, but which Ozma and the Wizard should know: she also comes from the outside world.


Glinda reveals she lived in England as a housemaid to Doctor John Dee, an advisor to Queen Elizabeth I, and a dabbler in magic.  One afternoon, he succeeded in opening a channel between that world and another.  In shock he knocked over a table, and when Glinda arrived she tripped over the table into the open portal, leading her to that very room.  The portal closed behind her, and she's been in Oz ever since.  This happened when she was 17.


The castle was at that time abandoned and the neighbors believed it haunted.  It contained a large number of books on magic.  She knew nothing at first, but could read English and Latin, so learned as much as she could over the many years.  The four outlying countries were mostly ignored in those days, and there wasn't much of a central government, so witches and wizards roamed freely in those times, mostly fighting amongst themselves.  She paid little attention to the Good and Wicked Witches of the North at that time, and when the East and West Witches arose, they were too strong for her to do anything about.  Later on, Glinda did manage to put two of the worst South Witches to sleep for a hundred years (see The Enchanted Apples of Oz and The Wicked Witch of Oz).  But she didn't know how their powers worked.  She continued studying.  As the castle was full of hidden rooms and chambers, she didn't find the Great Book of Records until after Pastoria was abducted, and the Wizard came to live in the Emerald City.  Yet, it remained locked until Ozma came to the throne, which causes Trot to suspect its magic is linked to the rulers of Oz.


Glinda reminds Trot that she's extraordinary herself, having received a fairy mark, and visited many lands she's never seen.  The two embrace and decide they'll be extraordinary together.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The year is not indicated, save that it must take place after The Giant Horse of Oz.


Glinda: A considerable amount of new information is here revealed on Glinda's previous life.  She was born around 1565, give or take a few years, as it's impossible to date exactly when she went through Doctor Dee's portal.  Since he left Queen Elizabeth's court to travel with Albert Laski in 1583, it must be before then.  Dee came with Elizabeth to court in 1558, but he didn't begin seriously studying the supernatural until 1580, leaving three years in which Glinda might have come to Oz.  She was 17 at the time.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places her arrival at 1582.  She knew no magic and learned it all from the books in her castle thanks to her ability to read English and Latin.


Great Book of Records: In one of the hidden passages in her castle in 1892, Glinda finds the Great Book of Records, the same year the Wizard moves into the Emerald City.  The book remains locked until Ozma comes to the throne in 1902.


Cryptic Conversations in a Cornfield, by Jeffrey Rester; illustrated by Luciano Vecchio

Continuity notes: For the privately published edition of this book, contact the author here.  This account reconciles the Scarecrow's individualistic origins with the history given him by Ruth Plumly Thompson regarding the spirit of Chang Wang Woe (in The Royal Book of Oz).








Oziana 2012

Number 42

"An Oz Book" by L. Frank Baum

Edited by Marcus Mebes

Illustrated by S.P. Maldonado, Dennis Anfuso & Kim McFarland,



An Introduction, by Robert Baum


Chapter 1, by L. Frank Baum

This untitled, undated fragment consisting of one never-before published chapter was discovered years after Baum's death.  The authorship is in question, as some believe it was written by one of L. Frank's sons. The original is online here. Date placement is my own.


Chapter 2, by Marcus Mebes


Chapter 3, by S.P. Maldonado


Chapter 4, by Jared Davis


Chapter 5, by Kim McFarland


Chapter 6, by Sam Milazzo


Chapter 7, by Chris Dulabone


Chapter 8, by Jeff Rester


Chapter 9, by Dennis Anfuso


Chapter 10, by Mycroft Mason


Chapter 11, by Nathan DeHoff


Chapter 12, by Paul Ritz


Chapter 13, by Mike Conway & Nicki Haladay


Chapter 14, by Paul Dana


Chapter 15, by Atticus Gannaway


Afterword, by Robert Baum

Story: A round-robin story that continues the fragment purportedly written by L. Frank Baum.  The fragment concerns Ozma who, deciding to go skating on Lake Quad one day, meets Gipper-Gupper-Gopp, a citizen of Hiland (ruled by John Dough and the Cherub) who tells Ozma that the person he's to meet, Ahd, is trapped in the tunnel underneath the lake, which Ozma discovers is true.  From that point, the sixteen authors above take the story in odd and unusual directions.  Continuity-wise, there are some factors, particularly in the last chapter, that make this difficult to reconcile with the stories on the Mainline Timeline. Further investigation is ongoing.








Oziana 2013

Number 43

Traditional Oz

Edited by Marcus Mebes



Foiled by the Iffin: Another Adventure of the Computer Wizard of Oz, by Phyllis Ann Karr; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso



The Harvest Ball, by Gina Wickwar; illustrated by Luciano Vecchio & Marcus Mebes



Jinnicky Saves Christmas, by Nathan Mulac DeHoff; illustrated by Shawn Maldonado



The Love Bug of Oz, by Ed McCray



The Way of a Lion, by Jared Davis; illustrated by Sam Milazzo                                           

Story: A small lion cub nestles with his mother in the Quadling Forest, and in time teaches him to speak, calling him only "baby" for the time until his father can give him a name and teach him courage.  The lioness explains there are dangerous things in the world, which will scare him until he has courage. Some months later, his mother takes him through the forest, past tigers, bears, foxes, elephants and unicorns to meet his father.


The next day, his father walks him through the forest, explaining that in Oz, a proud lion respects life and other creatures.  Since the Fairy Queen Lurline enchanted the land, she made provisions for the animals, and he shows him to a large mushroom-like plant that grows raw meat, some of which they pull to bring home for their mother and themselves.  Father explains that they don't take too much so that there's enough to go around for the other animals, as the plant blossoms only once a week.  Back at their camp, Baby asks how animals ate before Oz became a fairyland, and Father explains that the lions lived in prides and hunted other animals that were weaker.  After Lurline came, only the Kalidahs continued the old repugnant practice.  Glinda had aided them, however, by ridding the Quadling Country of Kalidahs.


Some time later, Baby awakes to the sound of his mother urging him to run.  His father is not with them, and as he runs he loses his mother.  He races into the plains, and after many hours, he becomes stricken by grief as he considers that Mother and Father are dead.  Upset that he'd never learned about courage, or men, but knowing at least how to find food, the lion cab wanders for months. 


One day, he saves a mouse from a hawk, who calls him a little lion, and he sees in the river that indeed he's growing.  Days later, he enters another forest, and hears the sound of cruel voices talking of fresh meat.  There, the Lion spots two Kalidahs, recalling them from his father's description.  The Lion runs, but he's cornered by a third.  Scrambling away unto a path of yellow brick, he spots the creatures rolling boulders after him, so he leaps over a gap, barely escaping the boulders, which crash into a yellow bridge.  A small rabbit compliments him for his cleverness and courageousness, as the bridge was the only way for the Kalidahs to cross into their part of the forest.  Though the Lion doesn't feel courageous, he's welcomed into the forest, where he makes a den not far from the road of yellow bricks.  Still fearful, he protects his den by roaring loudly to scare them away. 


Then one day, he hears the sounds of a girl and her companions.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Based on the fact that the Cowardly Lion also appears as a cub in the comic-book version of How the Wizard Came to Oz, this story, as well as the birth of the Cowardly Lion, can be dated to 1872.


Sentinel of Quelala: The father of the Cowardly Lion was at some untold point during the narrative (between pages 15 and 16 in the booklet version) made the Sentinel of Quelala, as per the online comic-book series How the Wizard Came to Oz, and brought his family to the Gillikin Country to guard the jungle there, specifically the Golden Cap that was hung upon a tree in the forest.  After his father is turned to stone by the witch, the kalidahs attack, as detailed in this story.



Witches of the West, by Darrell Spradlyn & Marcus Mebes; illustrated by Darrell Spradlyn

Continuity notes: The Wicked Witch of the West and Mombi pay a visit to Gloma to secure her loyalty against the Wizard.  The relationship between the two witches is also detailed in Oziana 1985's "Mombi's Pink Polkadot Vest."








Oziana 2014

Number 43

Mixed Oz

Edited by Marcus Mebes



Lost and Never Found, by David Tai and Jared Davis; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Story: When Trot and Betsy end up lost in Merryland, and pursued by a unfamiliar beast, it's up to the Queen of Merryland and a familiar pair of shoes to help them. 


Continuity notes:

Dating: While not explicitly dated, this story takes place shortly after the events of Paradox in Oz.


Labor of Love, by Kim McFarland; illustrated by Kim McFarland

Note: See Parallel Histories.


Theresa's Pink Road, by Theresa McMillan; illustrated by Arthur Clippe (clip art): Poetry



The New Fellow, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by David Bishop

Story: Hank the Mule recounts the first visit paid by Kabumpo a few months after his appearance in Kabumpo in Oz.  In the Royal Stalls, Kabumpo gets to the meet the Comfortable Camel, Doubtful Dromedary, Hungry Tiger, Cowardly Lion, Hank and the Woozy, who Kabumpo almost accidentally sits on.  He announces that he's been made a prince in Pumperdink, but no one's much impressed.  At a birthday party for Ojo, Kabumpo feels neglected until Ojo gets upset when his new toy plane gets stuck in a tree, and only Kabumpo can help. 


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story is set in the summer, some months after Kabumpo in Oz, which gives the only indication as to when Ojo's birthday takes place.


Rob Zombie in Oz, by Aaron Solomon Adelman; illustrated by John Troutman

Note: See Parallel Histories.


Roselawn, by Jared Davis; illustrated by David Baker

Note: After the Great War, a grown up Dot and Tot reminisce about their time in Merryland.





Oziana 2015

Number 44


Traditional Oz

Edited by Marcus Mebes



The Malevolent Mannequin in Oz, by Joe Bongiorno; illustrated by David Bishop

Story: A tale from Mombi's journal in which she finds an old doll in a magic shop in Ev, convinced it is alive and evil.  Purchasing it, along with some sands from the Deadly Desert for use in a potion, Mombi plots to use the doll on Dr. Nikidik, but grows angry to discover it intends to kill her first. Mombi's cat Zisca refuses to come into the house so long as Dummy, the name Mombi gave the doll, is in it. After the first attempt on her life, Mombi bashes the doll around the house, so too with each subsequent attempt, but Mombi is never able to catch him in the act, and she believes he's trying to drive her mad.  Also, Dummy won't speak, though Mombi is convinced he can.


Mombi ruminates on her past as Wicked Witch of the North, the snare of power and greed, her deference to the East and West Wicked Witches, and Nikidik, who she knows seeks to resurrect the Witch Queen Enilrul in order to rule by her side.  Wanting no part in a ruined world, Mombi is prepared to bring Dummy to Nikidik's home, where she believes the poppet will kill him.  She reasons that while she is not evil, there is true evil in the world.  In the meantime, she stews on the falsehoods told about her, particularly the incomplete history of her attempt to marry Prince Cheeriobed, in The Giant Horse of Oz, and what his nature was truly like. She is not unhappy that she never married, as she doesn't believe in love, not the fake purity of Glinda, nor the compassionate love of Ozma, though she concedes that she may be the exception to the rule.


When Dr. Pipt comes to her house, Mombi recalls that when the Crooked Magician discovered that Dr. Nikidik was using his name to escape disgruntled customers and law-enforcement, Dr. Pipt began doing the same in retaliation.  But Dr. Pipt comes to talk about the Erbs, those ancient evil spirits that none speak aloud of.  When they knew their time was at hand, some put their spirits into objects that when found would take possession of whomever had it.  The Phanfasms were brought about by two of these objects.  Mombi asks him why he is telling her this, but he only hints that she is in its way. 


Mombi mistakes his meaning for Nikidik, who she knows is far older and more evil than most realize, but reasons that perhaps he made a pact with the Mimics or Phanfasms.  They were truly evil, she reasoned, but she reasons that her strength and her will would be enough to continue to protect her from any who would try to take her freedom or life.  Ozma's way is different, she acknowledges, but Ozma hasn't seen what she's seen.  She doesn't understand why there so many communities of malicious beings looking to enslave or destroy travelers, but is content to laugh and play games when the darkness is pressing in on Oz, and Death is coming.


As Spring came on, there were no further attempts on Mombi's life, and she began to wonder if she really had lost it, knowing that flirting with darkness can bring on madness.  Even Zisca started coming around.  Walking home to her cottage one day, deep in thought after a trip to Dr. Pipt's, who revealed he had developed the Powder of Life based on some of the Wizard Wam's old notes. Mombi pondered how she'd have to develop the Powder of Perpetual Youth for Margolette, who knew Mombi had worked on it long before she was ousted from her home by the Good Witch of the North. Dr. Pipt's wife wanted it, and it was the only thing Dr. Pipt would trade his Powder of Life for.  It would be worth it, as Mombi could create an army of soldiers to protect her.  Following through on their last conversation, Pipt had given Mombi a spell of unmaking from the Land of An to commit to memory.  Mombi then noticed that the trees were bare, unusual this time of year, and with that she's pushed into a hole!


Above the hole stands Dummy, and with him is the vial of sands from the Deadly Desert.  Before he can dump it on her and destroy her, Zisca attacks Dummy.  Mombi transforms into a bat and flies out of the hole, but the doll grabs her foot.  She transforms back to her human form, but Dummy stabs her foot with a knife, calling her a Yookoohoo witch!  The doll runs into the house as Mombi uses an anesthetic spell to ward off the pain.  Only then she discovers the bottle of sand from the Deadly Desert and a pile of ash that had once been her beloved cat.


Mombi storms into the house and utters the ancient Anish spell, and it turns the doll lifeless.  She tosses it into the fireplace, but then as she realizes that this thing housed the ancient spirit of one of the dread Erbs, knowing that once he'd killed her, he'd have waited for someone weaker to come along, and take possession of him.  But then again, Mombi thinks of its uses against a more powerful enemy, and takes the doll out of the fire, securing it in a box with spells to ensure it doesn't open of its own accord, and reasoning that they don't call her a wicked witch for nothing.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Although written much later by Mombi, the action takes place in 1873, two years after she was defeated by Locasta, the Good Witch of the North, and a short time after the Wizard arrived in Oz.


Erbs: The Dread Erbs are the ancient evil spirits who came to earth in the oldest times and were banished. They became the Mimics, but before they were imprisoned, some imbued their spirits into objects, which when found by innocents, would emerge to possess them if they were weak-minded enough.  One such object was the pan-pipes, first found by the Piper in The Magic Umbrella of Oz.  Dummy is another such object. There may yet be others.  Also the later fate of Dummy is not yet known.


Mombi: As per this story, and the forthcoming stories, "The Gillikin Witches of Oz" and "The Witch's Mother of Oz," both of which extrapolate from The Law of Oz and Other Stories, Mombi is revealed to be a Yookoohoo, albeit one in exile, born Bina Radjet, which explains much of Mombi's actions in The Marvelous Land of Oz.  Mombi is here revealed to be intelligent, even philosophical on the nature of sociopolitical events, and does not consider herself evil, especially when compared with beings who truly are, like the Erbs.


Royal Historians: Mombi is aware of, and has read the Royal History books, which include the works written by L. Frank Baum and Ruth Plumly Thompson.  She rails against the latter for leaving out facts, and even calls her an "arrogant harpy" and "small-minded shrew" for failing to tell the whole truth about Prince Cheeriobed in The Giant Horse of Oz (Mombi's version is yet an untold story) and indicating that she was killed in The Lost King of Oz.


Tin Man, poem by A. Waller Hastings; illustrated by John R. Neill



Prince Pompadore in Oz, by Nathan DeHoff; illustrated by Dennis Anfuso

Story: King Pompus of Pumperdink wonders what became of Kabumpo. His new attendant, the Prince of Strillsta doesn't know where he went.  Concerned that he might have been elephant-napped, Prince Pompadore determines to find him and sets off for Follensby Forest to inquire of the Soothsayer who helped him in the past.  Finding a small hut, he discovers instead a Gillikin fortune teller who tells literal fortunes.  She eventually reads out the letters EE and EV, which Pompa assumes to mean that the Elegant Elephant's in Ev. 


In the underground Nome Kingdom, the wizard Potaroo tells King Kaliko that he'd devised a new kind of transportation magic.  To demonstrate, he attempts to transport an elephant from Boboland.  What he summons up instead is Kabumpo, who is none to pleased to have been unceremoniously brought there.  Kaliko is even less happy when he hears that the elephant is a personal friend of Ozma's.  Potaroo tries to send him back, but for all his efforts he can't return him.  In a huff, Kabumpo goes stalking off into the palace.


Having slept outdoors overnight, Pompa seeks to resume his journey, but isn't sure where he is, save that it's a field of poison ivy!  He heads to an overgrown walled village, but once inside the gate, it swings shut behind him, locking him in.  The gatekeeper, who has a backscratcher for an arm, urges him to leave.  Suddenly, two giant mosquitoes fly up behind Pompa and he runs into the nearby castle.  There he meets King Pilgoft, who once lived in Pumperdink until he set out to establish his own kingdom during the time King Pompus was prince.  The area had once been beautiful when he built his village there, that is until Mombi came and cursed it.  Now, its gates open to allow visitors but lock again, trapping them in with the snakes, mosquitoes and fleas. For this reason, it was renamed Itchville.  A fairy once came through, but unable to lift the curse, she gave the inhabitants special back-scratcher arms to help alleviate the itching.


Although the gates are electrified and the walls are too high, Pompa is determined to leave.  A giant mosquito tells him that the only reason they attack is because they're hungry, and while they can climb the wall, the curse prevents them from leaving Itchville.  Pompa suggests that if they help him escape, he'll get Ozma or the Wizard to lift the curse.  The mosquitoes agree, and fly him beyond the wall, but when Pompa jumps down, he ends up falling into a deep hole.


Kabumpo, meanwhile, is lost in Kaliko's palace, and exhausted from searching for a way out, decides to take a nap.  While settling down and wondering aloud how he'll get out of Ev, he knocks over a ruby fish ornament, which un-transforms into one of the Red Jinn's former workers named Araunadi Miner, or A. Miner, who'd been working a mine when nomes caught him and Ruggedo turned him into an ornament with the Magic Belt.  The miner then grabs a nearby silver ball ornament and bounces it while discussing the Wizard of Ev, releasing another victim of Ruggedo's, a winged monkey named Oogab!  The winged monkey had been exploring the country when he was captured by nomes and transformed by their former king.


Araunaudi finds his magic shovel and commands it to dig up through the ceiling.  It even carries Kabumpo up onto the surface where a sign points the way to Jinnicky's castle.  Suddenly, nomes appear below, determined to punish them for ruining the ceiling, but Miner commands the shovel to fill in the hole.  They move on and come to a river where the bridgekeeper tells them to stop.  The bridgekeeper is a giant living balance, which insists on weighing each of them before they cross in order to ensure the bridge is sturdy enough.  Kabumpo gets on Balance's scale, but only one gram weights arrive at one per minute to balance him out.  It takes so long they all fall asleep, but by morning they're no closer to having enough weights to properly weigh Kabumpo.  Determining Jinnicky's contraption is way too pedantic, the miner commands his magic shovel to cut the ropes and they race across the perfectly sturdy bridge.


When her husband fails to return home, Princess Peg Amy leaves Pajonia in the care of her parents and heads out to find him.  She comes across a bridge, from which emerges a female troll who begs her to watch her children for the night so that she can go out with her friends.  Refusing to take no for an answer, she drags Peg Amy to a small house by the riverbank where three noisy troll children, Flot, Gloob and Grunelle play rowdily.  Finally, long after midnight, their parents return home drunk and give Amy eight snail shells as payment.


Falling through the hole, Pompa lands in a boat that mysteriously appears and floats him down,  dumping him in a lake of mud that extends for miles around.  A sandy shore appears on the north and Pompa swims towards it.  Suddenly, a large purple seventeen-armed cephalopod called a Septadecapus grabs him and attempts to eat him.  The creature had heard from the Inkster that humans are tasty.  Pompa is saved once again by the mysterious boat, which he sees is named the Good Luck.  The boat sails him to the shore and vanishes again.  Pompa approaches one of the carved doors that line the rock wall beyond the shore.  The roofless dwelling is in use by a fisherman named Mureft.  The community's called Ditchville and the Royal Family and council are the poorest in the land.


Told to see the king to find a way back to the surface, Pompa is sent to the Royal Request Box, where he meets others requesting that the king raise taxes to help them get rid of their wealth.  The poorer they are, the deeper their ditches are allowed to be, and everyone is anxious to shed their wealth.  One woman named Kurotta, a shovel-maker, wants to open up trade with the surface kingdoms, who desire greater wealth. 


The Prince puts in his request and before long a hole opens in the wall and he's invited into a mine cart, which travels along the Royal Tunnel to the Royal Ditch, where he meets the dirtiest, shabbiest people he's ever seen, King Lowdown, Queen Durtee and their five filthy children.  The queen had come from the surface to get away from everyone wanting more money, and married in Ditchville where everyone strives to be poor and live in ditches.  Pompa thinks they're doing the same thing as before, only in reverse, and explains that since the time she left, Ozma's come to the throne and done away with money.  The people work only to contribute something to society.  The queen finds that that system's too complicated. 


The Royal Couple agree to send the Prince back to the surface through a tunnel they have in case of emergencies. It hasn't been used in over a hundred years, shortly after all the tunnels were hollowed out by their engineer using giant worms.  The mine cart takes him up to another tunnel to a field on the surface.  Avoiding the ditches around him, Pompa follows a dirt road to a sign that reads the town names: Itchville, Ditchville, Stitchville, Richville, Kitschville, Nicheville, Witchville, Pitchville, Glitchville, and Zitchville. 


A woman named Maleema, whose going shopping in Kitschville, introduces herself to Prince Pompa, and explains that Witchville was the first village in the area.  She was once the Head Witch until Mombi came along.  Not wanting competition, Mombi defeated her in a battle of magic, and all the witches of the town swore fealty to her.  Pompa recalls that despite Mombi being ruler of the Gillikins, she didn't often come to Pumperdink.  Maleema says that she was content to take tribute from the various kingdoms, including Witchville, and leave them alone, only occasionally borrowing a witch for help in a spell.  When Tattypoo took over from her, the witches of Witchville were forced to change the kind of magic they practiced, or retire.  Later, when Ozma came into power and enacted the ban against magic, most witches did just that.  By the time Ozma allowed magic users to apply for a license, most were too lazy to bother, and by that point the Councilmade up of members from most of the neighboring villageswere in power over the region.  The Council insisted that each of the villages have a name rhyming with Witchville.


Maleema warns Pompa that the southern border is guarded by the Glitches of Glitchville, who were brought into being by mistake.  If he goes to Pitchville, however, they can successfully throw him out of the area to Pumperdink.  She gives the Prince an ointment that alleviates his itching, noting that it's authentic (not like what King Pilgoft used to sell).  Pompa walks the road to Pitchville, and he sees everyone in the village throwing or tossing something about.  The people subsist on yellow pitch peaches, grapes of accuracy, and tossed salads.  At the arm-shaped castle of King Tossenthro, Pompa is brought before the king, whose throwing darts.  Explaining his dilemma, the king invites him to sit on his throne, while a giant known as Chuck the Prime Pitcher, is summoned to pick up the throne and hurl the Prince to Pumperdink, ensuring him that it will be a soft landing.  But distracted by a passing bird, the giant accidentally throws the Prince over the Impassable Desert into Ev.  The chair at least lands softly, as promised, before disappearing and returning to Pitchville.


Peg Amy, meanwhile, tries to find her way, and comes upon a young female Sphinx who says she must answer a riddle.  The Princess easily does so, and the Sphinx Melisande explains that the reason she's traveling the country is to find interesting riddles to ask.  Princess Amy suggests she try visiting the Emerald City, and Melisande invites her upon her back.  As they fly off, Peg Amy falls asleep, and wakes up to find they're above an ocean.  Having never been to the capital, the Sphinx didn't know where to go.  Realizing they're closer to the castle of the Red Jinn, Peg Amy directs her there instead. Jinnicky welcomes them and promises to help find Kabumpo and Pompa, but a guard rushes in to warn them of an impending tornado.


Kabumpo and his party, meanwhile, walk through an illusory wall on their way to Jinnicky's castle.  The next morning they come to a sign pointing to Rolling Country and Bleach Beach.  Kabumpo recalls the former is known to be unpleasant and they head towards the beach.  After a time, they're approached by a uniformed man named Beauregard who tells them they weren't properly weighed, and haven't filled out the customs forms, but the robotic Bureaucrat malfunctions and collapses before he can enforce it.  They soon arrive at Bleach Beach, where all the people are wearing white and relaxing or washing their clothes, as the sands are actually bleach.  A lifeguard informs them they must wear white or else their colors will wash off unto the beach.  Before they can protest, Araunaudi warns that a tornado is coming.


Pompa awakens to a rainstorm and the mysterious Good Luck returns to transport him to a town before vanishing again.  There, people with names like Twisterious and Whirline direct him to the Great Tornado Wizard Cyclonius, who lives in the largest of the polished metal, spiral-shaped buildings that make up the town.  Pompa sees a number of monitors showing various tornadoes around the world, and when he discovers that Cyclonius makes tornadoes which transport people all over the world, he asks if he can send him to Pumperdink in Oz.  He can, but when the Prince asks him if he had anything to do with the cyclone that brought Dorothy to Oz, Cyclonius is interrupted by news that a cyclone's escaped the testing grounds and the Storm Wrangler was caught in it.  Pompa asks if he can instead be sent to where Kabumpo is.  The Tornado Wizard concedes and the Prince finds himself outside, encircled by spinning air. 


By evening the tornado reaches Kabumpo and his companions, and picks them up.  While they're happy to be reunited, they're concerned to find they're being dropped off in the Nonestic!  Thankfully, the Good Luck comes to the rescue again, and pulls them all out of the water, expanding in size to fit everyone.  While the adventurers share their tales, the boat steers them to an island and leaves them on the shore.  The island is covered in four-leafed clovers and has one building, Vega's Casino.  They soon discover it's run by a leprechaun named Vega, who had sent out the boat Good Luck as a promotion to get the Prince to the island so that he could have fun and invite everyone to come to his casino enterprise.  The casino is yet unfinished, and not terribly impressive, but to make Vega happy, Pompa decides to play a few games, despite Kabumpo's complaints that gambling's for fools.  But as they're playing, Peg Amy arrives with Jinnicky, and is shocked to see her husband left his family to gamble!  Jinnicky, meanwhile, summons and repairs Beauregard the Bureaucrat, and has Vega sign zoning papers.  After Peg introduces everyone to Melisande, the elephant suggests they all go home. 


Before they can, the Nome wizard Potaroo shows up, insisting that he should fix the mess he started.  He transports all of them Oz, just as Ozma is admiring her new Hyrystalian Widdstills that the Scarecrow and Button-Bright brought back from the Quadling Country for the Royal Gardens.  The Royal Gardener is furious that they're all standing in the middle of them, but Ozma uses the Magic Belt to transport them to a garden path and summons the Town Crier, along with other residents, to hear the latest adventures.  Billina catches on that A. Miner and Oogab were disenchanted because each person said "Ev" while holding the ornament.  Ozma is concerned that there may be more enchanted people in the Nome King's palace, but the Wizard assures her they'll fix it.  Dorothy resolves to visit Cyclonius to find out if he had anything to do with her first trip to Oz.  Ozma then summons King Kaliko to ensure that Potaroo, who insists it was an accident, won't accidentally whisk any more people to Ev.  Kaliko also agrees to disenchant anyone else who might have been turned to an ornament by Ruggedo back when he'd been in power.


Later, Ozma and the Wizard attempt to disenchant Itchville, but realize it will take some time.  After a week, she sends the Pumperdinkians home, Oogab to his tribe, and Jinnicky and Araunaudi to Ev, where the Red Jinn makes adjustments to the Balance and Bureaugard.  Finally, Zim is called in to help with the crushed bed of Hyrystalian Widdstils.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place immediately after The Red Desert of Oz, as the Scarecrow and Button-Bright have just gotten back to Oz after having procured Hyrystalian Widdstils for the Royal Garden. When Kabumpo says that "Ruggedo hasn't been king of the Nomes for eighty years," he must be referring to the time when Ruggedo still had the Magic Belt, which was as late as 1902.  80 years hence brings us to the correct 1982 date.


Giant Mosquitoes: Friendly, giant mosquitoes (who have sweet singing voices) are first mentioned by the Tin Woodman in The Emerald City of Oz.  They made their first onscreen appearance in The Tin Castle of Oz.  This is their second.


Kabumpo: Ever since Prince Randy became famous from his adventures in The Purple Prince of Oz, it's become fashionable for rulers to send their sons and daughters to attend Kabumpo.  There is, as of this writing, a 20 year wait.


Mombi and Itchville: Several interesting facts about Mombi are established in this story.  Her dealings with Itchville reveal she has a temper, as she punishes not only King Pilgoft of Itchville, but all of Itchville.  There's a larger story here that's untold, but hinted at.  On page 28, Maleema gives Prince Pompa an insect-bite balm that is authentic, "not like what Pilgoft used to sell."  It appears that during the time Mombi was either establishing herself as ruler of the land, or collecting tribute, she visited Pilgoft's kingdom where she was bitten by an insect.  King Pilgot apparently procured for her an insect-bite balm that was wholly ineffective, possibly to humiliate her, or even as an act of protest to her rule or the idea of paying tribute to her.  No fool, Mombi recognized what he'd done.  Perhaps she was laughed at by the people in the kingdom, or perhaps she requested they get her something that would alleviate the itching, but no one helped.  In either case, she cursed the kingdom so that they would be trapped there with stinging insects, giant mosquitoes, fleas, and biting animals, like snakes. 


Mombi as Queen of the North: The other side of the coin that this story reveals about Mombi, which has seldom been told, is the kind of ruler she was when she was Wicked Witch of the North.  It's interesting that when she visits her potential rivals in Witchville, she doesn't seek to destroy them, but merely best its leader, the Head Witch Maleema, in a battle of magic, after which she's content to leave Witchville alone, except for collecting tribute as she does from all the kingdoms in the north, and occasionally borrowing a witch for her help in a spell (which would be deemed a mark of pride and honor).  Similarly, it's shown by the fact that Pumperdink rarely ever saw her that her ruling style was to basically leave everyone alone, so long as they paid their tribute.  While we don't know how much the tribute was, the fact that there was no revolt or discussion of kingdoms being unable to afford the tribute leads one to conclude that Mombi exacted a fair tribute price that most could pay without exposing them to hardship.  Compared to the Wicked Witches of the East and West, Mombi could be described as a mild ruler, and one who respected the independence and autonomy of the northern kingdoms so long as they paid her respect.  This accords with her view of herself as shown in the other story in this issue, The Malevolent Mannequin in Oz.


Ten-tribe Gillikin Region: Northeast of Pumperdink, and just south of Gilkenny, lies a ten-tribe region ruled by a Council made up of members of at least seven of the ten tribes, not counting: a) Itchville, since they're under a curse and can't leave, and probably b) Glitchville, since they're made up of hostile creatures brought into being by accident, and c) Ditchville, since they don't have dealings with the surface kingdoms.  The Councile insisted each of the villages have names rhyming with the first prominent village of the region: Witchville.  The other villages include Itchville, Ditchville (which is underground), Stitchville, Richville, Kitschville, Nicheville, Pitchville, Glitchville, and Zitchville.  Pitchville features those who love sports, specifically those which involve throwing things.  Stitchville likely is made up of those who enjoy stitching.  Richville may be a place where the formerly wealthy retired to. Zitchville was formerly called Geode Valley, and is made up of those from New South Gilkenny, who started a settlement to harvest the glowing rocks they'd quarried from the mountain.  Kitschville features curious, and is a popular shopping destination.  Nicheville probably have niche items as well.  Ditchville is underground, and due to their unusual economic system, hasn't had dealings with the surface kingdoms since before Ozma came to the throne.  It's possible that the king, queen, or some of their subjects, came from Richville, as they're vehemently opposed to the procurement of wealth, and started a culture that instead rewards poverty.  The poorest get to live in the deepest ditches.  Their tunnel system was created early on by an engineer with the help of giant worms.  A seventeen-armed octopus lives in the underground mud lake, and has developed a carnivorous appetite after consorting with a fellow cephalopod called Inkster.




Oziana 2016

Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of L. Frank Baum's Rinkitink in Oz with all-new alternate endings!



The Emerald City Mirror

History: For eleven years (1991 to 2002) and 71 issues, The Emerald City Mirror presented an ongoing storyline, as told from various characters in Oz. These encompass nine specific story-arcs, following random tales in the first six issues. Most follow right after the prior storyline, save for the tenth storyline, which notes that the sixth was "a few years ago." As there are no titles given for any of the arcs, each of the titles listed here is my own, and is based on the text itself.


1st Arc: Introduction and Short Stories: Issues 1-6

Mainly an introduction to the newspaper, and minor short adventures or anecdotes told by each of the characters who contributes the cover story.


Issue 1: (Main Storyline): Now a reporter for the new Emerald City Mirror newspaper set up in the cellar of the Royal Palace, Dorothy is pressed upon to welcome new members to the Royal Club of Oz.  Her job, as that of the Wizard, Wogglebug, Ozma will be to inform those in the Outside World of the latest events in Oz as if Mr. Baum were still Royal Historian.  As of now, the only news fit to print is that the Wogglebug sat on the Wizard's hat, after which Billina laid three eggs in it.  Chocolate pudding eased all tensions.


The Scarecrow and Tin Woodman of Oz: Reprint of the short story from Little Wizard Stories of Oz.


Happy Doings in Oz: As Dorothy sits in the Royal Gardens with Toto and Eureka, the Braided Man comes along, visiting from Pyramid Mountain.  He asks Dorothy which of her two pets she likes best.  Dorothy explains that they can't be compared as both have much to offer in their individual ways, so that she likes both of them equally.  Accepting that response, the Braided Man goes on to talk about his Superior Rustles for Ladies Gowns.


Issue 2: (Main Storyline): When the Scarecrow discovers a thin spot on the back of his head he goes to the Wizard to patch it up.  The Wizard's been busy for months working on the Royal Club of Oz, and after fixing up Scarecrow, implores him to write a field report on the latest news in Oz.  Accepting, the Scarecrow travels to the Munchkin Country, where he's greeted by three crows who joke that he was as bad a king as he was a scarecrow.  Incensed, Scarecrow proceeds to spend the next few days charging through the cornfields scaring the crows so much one of them goes to the Royal Palace to get Ozma to stop him.  A week later, Dorothy comes to tell him the Scarecrow that the Wizard's been looking for him, but he explains that in in order to get a field report, he had to be in the field.  The Wogglebug is sure it'll be corny.


The Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger: Reprint of the short story from Little Wizard Stories of Oz.


One Day in Winkie Country: On the balcony of the Tin Castle, the Scarecrow asks the Tin Woodman if he remembers what he looks like when he's not around.  Nick isn't sure and asks the Scarecrow the same question.  He's uncertain as well, so they decide to withdraw to separate rooms to draw a picture of the other from memory.  As neither feels that he's good at drawing, they each trace a picture of the other from an Oz book.  When they see their pictures, they realize what they'd done, and acknowledge that if they hadn't remembered the other they'd not have been able to choose to right picture to copy from.


Issue 3: (Main Storyline): The Hungry Tiger regales how while he and the Cowardly Lion were in the Throne Room and Ozma presided over court, a Munchkin farmer burst in, announcing that a Kalidah was terrorizing them.  Ozma sent the two big cats to help and they split up to cover more ground.  Hearing a commotion, the Hungry Tiger climbed a hill, where the Kalidah is attacking a Munchkin family.  The Kalidah runs off with the infant, and the Hungry Tiger pursues, catches up and defeats him.  Recovering the infant, he warns the Kalidah to leave Ozma's people in peace and returns the baby to its parents.


Tik-Tok and the Nome King: Reprint of the short story from Little Wizard Stories of Oz.


The Wogglebug Loses His Glasses: A mechanical cuckoo-clock awakens the Wogglebug asleep in the Royal Palace.  The professor wonders how he'll accomplish his duties for the Royal Club of Oz, including getting out a new issue of the Emerald City Mirror.  When he can't find his glasses, he panics and calls Billina outside his window for help.  She gives him a day to locate his glasses, otherwise, she'll fire him from his position.


Issue 4: (Main Storyline): Tik-Tok reports that during the holiday season, Mr. Tinker came for a visit to the Emerald City with four giant trunks, leaving everyone curious about, especially Dorothy who spies on Mr. Tinker while he overhauls Tik-Tok.  On the third day, Mr. Tinker invites everyone to the ballroom.  Once gathered, he has the curtains lifted up, revealing a model of the Royal Palace, replete with mechanical replicas of all is inhabitants.


A Kidnapped Santa Claus: Reprint of the short story of the same name.


Division #1 and 2: (Continuation of "The Wogglebug Loses His Glasses"): When the Wogglebug consults Ozma about his missing glasses, she laughs and informs him they're on his head!


Dorothy Goes to School: As the snow falls, Dorothy wishes she was playing rather than in a classroom in Professor Wogglebug's college, learning multiplication.  Billina arrives to remind the professor that he's needed if the next issue of the Emerald City Mirror is going to be on time.  Dorothy leaves, as well, to join Ozma and Trot in the Palace Gardens to build snow forts. After a fierce battle, Trot declares herself winner based on the amount of snowballs each had prior to and after the attack. Declaring herself Queen of the Gardens, they retire for hot chocolate, and later on Dorothy approaches her math homework with a better attitude.


Continuity notes: Although Dorothy begins schooling with Professor Wogglebug as early as 1902, in Dorothy and the Magic Belt and Eureka in Oz. it may be that adventures and duties at the Emerald Palace prevented her from completing her courses, which is why at this late date, she is going to school. On the other hand, Dorothy may have decided to go back to school and expand her education.


Issue 5: (Main Storyline): The Shaggy Man explains how he's explored all over Oz and loves each of the quadrant countries for their own qualities.  Magic and beauty abound throughout the land, and wherever he goes people smile and wave, yet he considers the Emerald City his home, and has two places to rest his head, a room in the South Wing of the Palace, and a spot in the Royal Gardens.  He loves Oz because people love one another for who they are.


Jack Pumpkinhead and the Sawhorse of Oz: Reprint of the short story from Little Wizard Stories of Oz.


The Scarecrow: Excerpt from the book, How the Wizard Came to Oz.


Issue 6: (Main Storyline): The Gump explains how a few hours ago, he startled Billina when she passed by the hallway where his head hangs on the wall.  She calls him out on being a practical joker and explains that she got so irritated by the bickering of the Wizard and Wogglebug she resigned.  Glad to be done with the bossy hen, however, they accepted her resignation and refused to let her resume her former Managing Editor position unless she found a very unusual author for the next issue.  She hasn't thus far, but then realizes that the Gump would be the perfect candidate.


The Astonishing Flight of the Gump: Excerpt from the book, The Marvelous Land of Oz.


Jack Pumpkinhead Stumps the Wizard of Oz: One rainy day, Jack tries to see if his pumpkins grow faster in the rain or sun.  As he can't tell, he turns his attention to his alphabet tiles, which the Wizard used to try and teach Jack to read.  Yet no matter how hard he tries, he can't make sense of it, so he takes the names of his friends that the Wizard had spelled out for him the last time and puts them in a different order.  When the Wizard arrives, Jack shows him and the Wizard realizes that Jack's scrambled them by putting each letter in alphabetical order.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Issue 4 notes that it's late December in the holiday season.  Assuming that at this point each issue is published a month apart would bring issue #1 to September.  This changes with subsequent issues, beginning with #7, which details an arc-driven story that takes place over the course of days. Despite the year in which these magazines were published in the U.S., the events may have occurred much earlier, and there are several pieces of evidence to indicate this.


2nd Arc: The Invasion of the Invisible Nomes: Issues 7-14

(Additional stories belonging to this arc can be found in issues 15-17)

This deals with a new attempt from the Nomes to conquer Oz, and how they were repelled in various parts of Oz.


Issue 7: (Main Storyline): Just as the Tin Woodman begins telling his story, the Nome King bursts in to announce that he's the new master of Oz and has taken over the Emerald City with the help of his army and a new magical trinket he discovered a few days earlier. Ozma has been sent in chains to the Gillikin Country and the Nome Army is attacking Glinda's Palace in the Quadling Country. The Nome King tells of his plans for the Wizard and all the Emerald City residents. Only Dorothy and Toto have escaped. From now on, the Emerald City Mirror will be called the Nome King's Gazette and will chronicle the hardships of Ozma and her people. Dorothy, meanwhile, sneaks into the current issue a special magical note indicating that she's discovered the magic secret to the Nome King's army and has told Glinda, who is preparing to defeat the Nomes.


Continuity notes: While the Nome King of this story is presumed to be Ruggedo, his name is never used in the main story.


How the Hammerheads Came to Oz: Angry at his tall neighbor Proz for mocking short people, Shoz goes to the Wizard of the Quadlings to ask for a magical weapon of revenge. The Wizard sends him to a hill and tells him he has his weapon but can never leave the hill. Shoz is soon joined by others like him and they call themselves Hammerheads.


Continuity notes: This short is considered suspect and is at best a legend. The origin of the Hammerheads is likely the same as many of the other unusual inhabitants of Oz, as described in The Witch Queen of Oz.


A Trip Down Memory Lane or How the Woozy Came to Oz: When Dorothy and the Woozy take a stroll through the Great Blue Forest in the Munchkin Country, they come upon a sign that says "Memory Lane." Thinking it will help him learn about his past, they follow it and come to another sign that reads: "O. Recall" in front of a large house. Thinking it misspells oracle, Dorothy knocks on the door. An old man lets them into a room filled with photographs and scrapbooks.


The Woozy inquires about his past and the Old Man tells him that Mombi needed three hairs from a Woozy's tail for one of her spells. Rather than travel to the Land of Wooz, far across the Deadly Desert, she commanded a local farmer to obtain it. When he refused she turned his wife into a bird, forcing the farmer to agree to her terms. Giving the farmer a ring with which he can return home, Mombi uses her magic to transport him to Wooz.


Once there, the farmer finds himself in a grove of trees marked "Honey Bee Grove." As he marvels that the trees grow honey bees, a Woozy walks up behind him.  Using Mombi's potions, the farmer does as instructed. The Woozy awakens in a cage to find Mombi putting a bird in a small cage next to another caged bird. Coming over to the Woozy she recites a chant: "Magic, do as you do, do as you do, Krizzle Kroo!" Nothing happens, and every day after that Mombi tries the incantation in different ways and using different powders. At last, the Woozy grows so angry, he shoots fire from his eyes and melts the bars of his cage.  Not wanting her secret out, Mombi casts a forgetfulness spell on him just before he escapes and runs to the Munchkin Country. 


Thanking the old man, Dorothy rides upon the Woozy, where she falls asleep on their back to the Emerald City.


Continuity notes: This short presents a third origin story for the Woozy, the first of which was in "The Woozy's Tricky Beginning," from Oziana 1978 and Other Lands Than Oz, the second is "The Woozy's Tale," from Oziana 1992, and the most recent is A Refugee in Oz. While the former is non-canonical, it's possible to weave the other three into a workable narrative.


How Eureka Found Dorothy: Chapter 1 excerpt from the book Eureka in Oz.


An Art Class in Oz: One windy day, Button Bright comes sailing out of the sky with his Magic Umbrella, landing in front of Dorothy, whose on her way to her first art lesson.  Button Bright invites himself along and they go see Mr. Paynt Binumber, who instructs them to draw the place where they live.  Button Bright draws a street in Philadelphia.  Dorothy tries to draw the Emerald City, but her pen keeps smudging, so she instead writes a description of what the Royal Palace looks like.  The teacher inspects their work and determines that Button Bright should go see Professor Wogglebug, who'll give him an exhibition, while Dorothy should go see Billina, who'll give her a job as Domestic Correspondent.  After they leave, Dorothy asks Button Bright to draw a picture of her old farm hose for Aunt Em. He says he will if she writes down exactly what it looked like.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place just prior to the first issue of the Emerald City Mirror, and is the catalyst for Dorothy becoming Domestic Correspondent.


Magic Umbrella: Button Bright must have retrieved the Magic Umbrella from his Uncle Bob's home after he died. When this occurred is unknown.


Issue 8: (Main Storyline): Glinda explains how Dorothy and Toto told her the band news of the Nome King's invasion. The pair had been in the hills west of the Emerald City when it happened. Toto urged Dorothy to climb a tree and although they heard the army pass by, they couldn't see them until they passed them by. In this way, they knew the half-invisible attackers were Nomes. Anxious to discover the secret to their invisibility, Dorothy and Toto followed. By nightfall, the Nomes had conquered the Emerald City and were no longer invisible.  Dorothy listened to them brag about their special armor made from crystals harvested deep in the mines. So impatient had the Nome King been to conquer that he only put crystals on the front of the armor. When Dorothy discovers their plan to conquer Glinda next, she and Toto rushed off to the south.


Glinda takes them to the top of the tower to watch. Upon a signal from her gatekeeper, a band of Quadling women and men charge the invisible Nomes with staffs and eggs, overcoming them. The Nomes are marched into Glinda's cellar. Glinda then escorts her gatekeeper and his band of fighters, along with Dorothy and Toto to the Emerald City, where they begin to recapture the city. Before long, Ozma, the Wizard and everyone else are restored.


Continuity notes: While the Nome King of this story is presumed to be Ruggedo, his name is never used in the main story.


The Enchanted Types: From American Fairy Tales.


The Secret of Tik-Tok's Origins: A long time ago in the Land of Ev lived a cruel giant named Artemus, who demanded Mr. Smith and Tinker to make him a one-of-a-kind alarm clock. Thus, Tik-Tok came to be. Yet, in one of the giant's rages, he throws him out the window. Tik-Tok winds up at the doorstep of the King of Ev, who made Tik-Tok his personal servant. When Roquat discovers his existence, he covets him, claiming the copper he was made from came from his dominions. Forseeing his theft, the King of Ev hid him in a secret room made of rock in the Wheeler Country. Eventually, with no one to wind him up, Tik-Tok ran down, which is how he remained until the day Dorothy finds him.


Dorothy and Her Friends Visit the Dainty China Country: Excerpt from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (Chapter 20)


Issue 9: (Main Storyline): The Tin Woodman recounts how one fine day they were attacked by an army of invisible Nomes. The Tin Emperor were thrown into a brook and as he rusted he came to realize what happened. Later, the Nomes removed him to his castle, where they hung him upside down from a pole (used for May Day celebrations, and once owned by the Wicked Witch of the West who used it punish those who displeased her) in the courtyard. They threaten to melt him to mint their new coins.


Later, his steward arrives, explaining that the Nomes were in such a hurry to invade the Emerald City that they failed to secure the castle. Many of the citizens were able to escape. With only a garrison left, the Tin Woodman forms a plan, instructing the steward to arm the people with farming tools and wait for his signal.


The next day, the Tin Woodman causes a commotion that brings the remaining Nomes into the courtyard. At that, he gives the signal for the Winkies to attack. The battle is soon over and the Tin Emperor reclaims his dominion.


How the Wizard Came to Oz: Excerpt from the Donald Abbot book of the same name.


The Assembly of the Gump: Excerpt from The Marvelous Land of Oz.


Issue 10: (Main Storyline): The Wizard is made the Nome King's barrister, but the Nome proves a temperamental customer as only half the coffee is drank while the other half is thrown on the floor. Thanks to Glinda, his maddening job is ended and everything gets restored. Ozma asked him to prepare some special entertainment to celebrate their victory over the Nomes in two weeks. The day comes and the Wizard unleashes a spectacular fireworks display. The next day he decides to take a vacation from his duties and heads to the Munchkin Country. The Cowardly Lion decides to join him.


Several days later, they step off the Yellow Brick Road to bed down for the night, but the Lion suddenly disappears. As the Wizard follows, he too falls into the pit disguised by a woven net of grass and lands atop the Lion. In the dark, a voice announces they're prisoners of the Nomes. But the Cowardly Lion proves too much for the Nome, whom he captures. The Nome confesses they dug their way out of Glinda's cellar and were preparing to attack all the important strongholds from underground. They march him to a giant cavern where the Nomes are working and the Lion commands them to return to their homes. They begin to obey until the Nome King intervenes, but the Cowardly Lion leaps at him and the terrified Nome and his subjects flee with the Lion in pursuit until they promise never to return.


The Lion reports that the Nomes tunnel connects to some natural caverns that he'd like to explore. The Wizard agrees he can begin in the morning while he returns to the Emerald City to send in his report for the Emerald City Mirror.


The Christmas Stocking: reprint of a very short Baum essay used as the introduction for "The Christmas Stocking Series," published by Reilly & Britton in 1905.


The Glass Dog: reprint of the American Fairy Tales story.


The History of the Wheeler Country: Long ago in the Land of Ev lived the Rollers, ruled by King Roll. On the day of his troublesome son's birthday, Champ decided to find a gift for himself in Mysterious Mountain, where treasures are rumored to abound. Champ searches the underground caverns, unaware they are ruled by the Nome King. Champ is captured and sentenced to work in the mines. The king and queen follow their son's tracks into the mountain, where they too are captured and made slaves. The rest of the Rollers grow anxious and then dispirited when their beloved Royal Family doesn't return, and in time becomes surly and fearful, changing their name to Wheelers and avoiding the mountain.


Continuity notes: This story occurs some time after the Wheelers/Rollers were transformed into the present form they're in, an event that occurred when Lurline broke the Magic Egg over Ev in 1742, as shown in the story The Immortal Longings of Oz (forthcoming). This would take place some years later, as the Wheelers/Rollers have learned to accept their fate and become "happy and contented," which is some time prior to when Dorothy meets them, when they're "cold, mean and obnoxious." The further story of the Wheelers will be revealed in the forthcoming book The Immortal Longings of Oz.


Issue 11: (Main Storyline): After exploring the tunnel for many miles and two days, the Cowardly Lion came upon a wide crack on the cave floor from which arose a red light. After another mile, the Lion arrives at a lit circular cavern with a smooth floor and odd smell.  Four dragonettes greet him and discuss the taste of Nome and the nature of fear and hunger. Suddenly, the Sawhorse arrives to ensure the Lion's report for the Emerald City Mirror is on time. Having brought food, the Sawhorse divvies it out amongst the Lion and dragonettes, as they're pleased to discover they'll be in the coming issue.


Continuity notes:

Dragonettes: For a short history of the dragonettes, who first appeared in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, see the continuity notes under Ruggedo in Oz.


Issue 12: (Main Storyline): The Sawhorse reports that several hours after composing his report for the Emerald City Mirror, the Cowardly Lion departed for the city, leaving the Sawhorse to continue his guest to ensure all the Nomes left Oz. Reluctantly, the Sawhorse agrees and continues on for a time until coming to a light. Emerging too fast from the cave upon the steep side of a mountain, the Sawhorse tumbles down to the bottom. He soon finds himself surrounded by silent Wooden Gargoyles. The Sawhorse explains that he seeks safe passage across their country and notices that one of his ears had broken and fallen off. The leader of the Wooden Gargoyles favors the Sawhorse and picking him up, flies him to safety out of the Land of the Gargoyles, which is filled with wooden houses, wooden flowers, and wooden birds, to Pyramid Mountain where lives the Braided Man.


The Braided Man, a frequent visitor to the Emerald City greets him and tells him that several passing Nomes told him what recently happened. He repairs his ear and transcribes the Sawhorse's adventures for the Emerald City Mirror, which he sends off with one of his flutters.


Continuity notes: For a short history of the Wooden Gargoyles, which first appeared in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, see the continuity notes under Ruggedo in Oz.


A Queer Meeting on the Yellow Brick Road: Nine entries in total, here combined into a single synopsis: Dorothy meets and assists Drippy Dragon, whose rainbow flame went out; the Muggymud, a mudpuddle whose watery knee tickles; an umbrella named Skip-to-my-Lou, whose top got stuck, preventing him from keeping people dry; a porcelain doll named Cindy, whose porcelain cat is chipped; a bear named Sam, who lost his magic necklace, a flathead named Halfhead III, whose head wobbles, Prince Peach of Pinkturk, who needs to find a blue lion before he can return home; a white unicorn named Uriana, whose horn tangled; and an Ork, whose searching for the Princess of Orkland's crown.


Dorothy brings out what she believes is the Wizard's searching telescope, but proves to be the trick telescope instead. She explains that she's looking for Button-Bright. The Ork remembers the boy, having traveled with him before (in The Scarecrow of Oz), and Dorothy suggests they travel together. While traveling the Munchkin Country, they come upon a sign that reads "Button and Bright Lost and Found." The path leads to a small building run by a small Munchkin. He invites them into a circular room with hundreds of odds and ends, including Button Bright. When the Ork asks about the crown, Button Bright produces it. Thanking the proprietor they return to the Emerald City, where Ozma throws them a party, inviting Kabumpo, Captain Salt and others.


Continuity notes:

Dating: It's impossible to get a sense of when these encounters occur, if they're occurring in succession, or if it happens over multiple days. The fact that they're grouped together in the same issue of The Emerald City Mirror likely indicates that this is an adventure that happened to Dorothy relatively recently, most likely prior to the current Nome invasion since no one mentions it.


Odd Inhabitants: Dorothy must be having a particularly strange day, and if coupled with her other encounter in "Fleur Verger" (Emerald City Mirror #14), that's a lot unusual beings along the Road of Yellow Brick. It's not known which country she's traveling through, although the oddness of the inhabitants leads one to suspect the Quadling Country, which according to Rosine and the Laughing Dragon of Oz, have more than their share of unique and interesting inhabitants.


How Dorothy Visited Utensia: Excerpt from The Emerald City of Oz


Dorothy Discovers Tik-Tok: Excerpt from Ozma of Oz.


The Strange Adventure of the King's Head: Excerpt of The Magical Monarch of Mo (chapter 2)


The Invisible Nomes in Oz: Summary of issue #8. The title for this arc comes from this.


Issue 13: (Main Storyline): The Braided Man explains that although the Wooden Gargoyles don't have a spoken language, they communicate through a complex series of gestures. Thus, he know they were approaching, Nine arrive, each carrying a Nome. Thanking the Gargoyles, he questions the Nomes who confess of their failed invasion, capture by Glinda, and escape into the tunnels, where they were attacked by dragonettes. Agreeing to put them to work the next day, he tosses them in his cellar and goes to sleep.


The next afternoon, he discovers a hole in the cellar wall and the Nomes circling around, fighting off the invisible rustles which were in a crate they accidentally knocked over. At the Braided Man's cry, they flee through the hole and vanish. The Sawhorse then visits, giving him an idea to produce galloping hoofbeats for military chargers.


The Magic Bon Bons: Reprint of the short story from American Fairy Tales.


The Invisible Nomes in Oz: Having failed to defeat the Winkies and Quadlings, the remaining Nomes turn their attention to the Scarecrow, but the Straw Man is forearmed with a box of eggs, a near-invisible net, and the help of friends. When the Nomes arrive, Dorothy and the Palace Keeper Stufs cut the net releasing bushels of gluey straw, which stick to the invisible Nomes. Then they roll the eggs down the steps, causing the Nomes to flee in terror. The next day, Ozma holds a banquet celebrating their victory.


Dorothy and Her Friends Escape the Kalidah: Excerpt from Chapter 7 of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.


3d Arc: Mysterious Interference on the Empyrean Plane: issues 14-19:

This deals with the Good Witch of the North's attempt to save her sister Glinda from entrapment in a strange magical realm.


Issue 14: (Main Storyline): Ozma describes how she set about making arrangements to celebrate their victory over the Nomes, including having the Wizard magically create a flock of doves to send out invitations across Oz, making preparations for dinner, and teaching Dorothy the waltz and minuet. Only Glinda fails to respond.


At the party, everything turns out perfect, though Dorothy is puzzled that Glinda is unable to attend. After the feast, an orchestra plays music while the Wizard magically conjures up coffee for everyone. The Captain of the Quadling Crusaders dances with Ozma and reveals to her that Glinda went into her magical workshop and hasn't been seen since. This was a week ago. After the party ends, Ozma and Dorothy go to the Magic Picture, but it's unable to show them Glinda.


The next day, they take the Sawhorse to Glinda's Palace. Unable to enter her workshop, they read the Great Book of Records, which reveals that while seeking a spell to prevent further invasions of Oz, Glinda encountered "Mysterious Interference on the Empyrean Plane," which caused her to fall into an enchanted sleep from which she cannot awaken until the interference is cleared. If she's not wakened in one year's time, she will never awaken again! Returning to the Emerald City, Ozma and Dorothy begin searching for a cure.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This party, according to issue #8, takes place two weeks after the failed invasion, and is not the same as the banquet Ozma held the day after (as depicted in issue #13's "The Invisible Nomes in Oz")


Attack of the Nomes: While the Guardian of the Gates and Soldier with the Green Whiskers are conversing, the army of invisible Nomes attacks, ties them up, and puts them in the Royal Kitchens, where Scraps, Billina and the Wogglebug come up with a plan. Causing a commotion, a Nome guard enters. The Professor hits him over the head from behind. Escaping their prison, they join with Glinda's army which has just arrived to free the Emerald City.


Papervania: A very short description of a community called Papervania, where paper goods are made.


Fleur Verger: On their way to the Emerald City, Toto veers off the Yellow Brick Road to chase a red flower that runs and enters the door of a fifty-foot tree. Dorothy and he follow it in and discover a giant garden with every kind of flower imaginable. Suddenly, a tiny man appears speaking French. Dorothy introduces herself and the small man says he is King Giles, ruler of Fleur Verger (Flower Orchard). He explains that their people often go about in flower costumes.Dorothy is introduced to his wife Queen Fleur, and daughter Princess LaRoux, who give them a tour. Later, Dorothy and Toto resume their trip back home, where they tell Ozma of the unusual country living inside a tree.


Continuity notes: It's unusual for an inhabitant of Oz to speak any language other than Oz, but that doesn't make it impossible. It may simply mean that King Giles and his family have chosen to continue speaking in French, which is likely the land from which they (or their ancestors) originally hailed.


The Land of the Unicorns: One beautiful morning, Ozma decides to play hooky and go on a trip with Dorothy and Toto to visit Glinda upon the Sawhorse-driven Red Wagon. When they suddenly stop, the Sawhorse announces that a wagon wheel got broken by a rock. Walking to a nearby farmhouse for help, they go exploring while the farmer makes repairs. Not realizing how far they've walked they find themselves in a mist. Passing out of it, they find themselves surrounded by unicorns. A purple one transforms into a girl and announces that she is Queen Una, ruler of the land. Ozma introduces herself and Dorothy, but Una has never heard of Oz. Fortunately, Polychrome arrives and confirms what Ozma has told her. Conceding, she gives the girls a tour of her domain. Una acknowledges that she is a fairy who chose to stay after passing over the land, and rule the unicorns as one of them.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Dorothy says "I didn't think there were any real unicorns," so this story must take place prior to Merry Go Round in Oz, Ojo in Oz, and The Magic of Oz, in which unicorns appear.


Una and Unicorns: Why Queen Una doesn't know the land is named Oz is unknown, particularly as she's a fairy who knows Polychrome. You'd think the latter would have informed her at the very least. Another unanswered question is why aren't these unicorns living with Roganda (Ojo in Oz), whose a real unicorn queen? Una says the unicorns asked her to stay and rule over them, which is why she took the form of a fairy.  One answer to both these questions might be that this band of unicorns got lost, perhaps migrating on their way to Roganda, and only encountered Una relatively recently. Una herself is not an Ozian fairy, but one who likely resides in either the Land of An or Burzee. If she's lived an insular life, she may not know the names of all the magical countries around. Polychrome may very well have been visiting Una to inform her and the unicorns where exactly Roganda is residing.


Billina Asks the Wogglebug: Excerpt from The Nome King's Shadow in Oz.


Issue 15: (Main Storyline): Button Bright reports in on the "Quest to Save Glinda from her Magical Slumber." With the various search parties assembled, including his own with Trot and Cap'n Bill, Ozma, the Wizard, and the Wogglebug each make speeches, and the crowds cheer as they all depart out of the Emerald City.


Trot and Cap'n Bill suggest they head south to the Quadling Country to investigate the cause of the problem where it occurred, but Button Bright suggests that since the problem is magical in nature, they should instead go north to the Gillikin Country to see if the Good Witch of the North could help them. Considering it a good idea, they make their way to the Mountain Retreat of the Good Witch of the North.


Continuity notes:

Good Witch of the North:


4. The Talking Spell (issues 20-26): A near war starts as animals across Oz can't cease talking incessantly and saying whatever comes into their minds.


5. Transference of Spirits (or The Switcheroo Spell) (issues 27-32): The Wizard's latest spell goes awry causing the personalities of various persons to inhabit the bodies of other persons.


6. Invasion of the Jabberwocks (issues 33-40): When Jabberwocks from Wonderland begin abducting residents of the forest, even the Kalidah King grows concerned enough to contact Ozma.


7. Shipwrecked: The Royal Wedding of Inga and Zella (issues 41-48): A wedding at sea goes all wrong when a storm comes, taking the Nome King Kaliko down to the very depths of the Nonestic.


8. The Disappearance of the Humans in Oz (issues 49-55): When all the humans (and human-like beings) in Oz go missing, it's up to the animals to figure out what happened and how to fix it.


9. A Giant Problem (issues 56-64): Ozma's tour of Oz leads her to release the slaves of Herku, but the giants have other plans.


10. The Purple Peril (issues 65-71): Gillikin thugs threaten peace with the Munchkins along the border when mysterious blue flowers show up in the North lands.


Continuity-Notes: The events listed here take place shortly prior their publication in the real-world, which was the intent of the Emerald City Mirror publisher and editors, namely Ozma, Oscar Diggs and Glinda. The reality of publishing in the real-world means that eventually, the events (which occur in short succession after one another) precede their publication by years.


2. In issue 17, the Nome King that invades Oz is identified as Ruggedo. At the same time, Roquat is found in the palace. As the story reveals, they're twin brothers. The Fountain of Oblivion worked on Roquat after all, but his twin took over ruling the Nomes after the events of The Emerald City of Oz. The Emerald City Mirror does not explain: how the Nome King escaped being a cactus. His disenchantment from that form was described in The Raggedys of Oz, which had him sent back to the Nome Kingdom. However, by storyline #8 of this journal, Ruggedo is said to still be a cactus (as is Wutz), which likely means that Ozma returned him to his cactus-form at the end of the invasion.


3. The Good Witch of the North that appears here is not the same one that Dorothy met in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. That one was disenchanted in 1920's The Giant Horse of Oz, and revealed to be Queen Orin. This one might be the same as the one that appeared in The Magical Mimics of Oz, perhaps the former Good Witch of the North, Locasta. More info to come.


6. The crossover between Wonderland and Oz has a long history.


8. As revealed in The Royal Explorers of Oz trilogy, the disenchanted Ugu (The Law of Oz and Other Stories) returned to his dove form, which he preferred to his human one.


9. As revealed in The Law of Oz and Other Stories, the Herku giant slaves have no real recollection of their pre-Lurline history.  Few in Oz do.  So, while true that they were originally not giants, the origins they reveal here may be lies or myths (since the original 24 Herku giants were enchanted, not by a  Wicked Witch, but the Yookoohoo Grandma Natch.) On the other hand, these giants may have been brought to Herku years later, after being transformed by the Wicked Witch. 













Oz-story Magazine No. 1

Number One, June 1995

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



Percy and the Shrinking Violet, by Rachel Cosgrove Payes; illustrated by Eric Shanower



The Dragon of Pumperdink, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by Anna-Maria Cool

Story: When the dragon of Pumperdink begins to run out of coal, he appeals to the king of Pumperdink for a position. The Queen, however, notes how warm he makes the palace, and has him become the official furnace for all the coal he wants.


Continuity Notes: The original title of this story is "A Story About Dragons." Internal evidence indicates this takes story place in the winter, though the year is uncertain. This is one of the five Pumperdink stories before Thompson settles it in Oz in Kabumpo in Oz.  The text indicates that Pumperdink still uses money, and would take place after The Apple-Pie Princess, in which Pozy Pink first meets King Pompus.


Dorothy and the Sequels, by Ruth Berman



The Wonderland of Oz: The Land of Oz, Part 1, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



Mr. H.M. Wogglebug, T.E., by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Ike Morgan



Gugu and the Kalidahs, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







The Little Journeys of Nip and Tuck, by W.R. Bradford; illustrated by John R. Neill



Handy Mandy: Solomon T. Wise's New Cook, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by John R. Neill



Outside the Cabinet-Maker's, by F. Scott Fitzgerald



The Billy Bounce Circus and Zoo, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



The Balloon-Girl of Oz, by Eric Shanower (as Stephen Kane); illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







Parts Unavailable, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by John R. Neill

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







The Pathetic Losers of Oz, by Ed Brubaker; illustrated by Ed Brubaker



Sam Steele's Adventures on Land and Sea; or The Boy Fortune Hunters in Alaska, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by John R. Neill









Oz-story Magazine No. 2

Number Two, May 1996

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



The Greed Goblin of Oz, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Anna-Maria Cool

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







Dorothy and the Mushroom Queen, by Eric Shanower (as Janet Deschman); illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







Mary Marvel in The Modern Wizard of Oz, by unknown; illustrated by the Jack Binder Studio



Abby: The Further Adventures of Twink and Tom, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Frank Kramer

History: Sequel to The Shaggy Man of Oz that expands upon and clarifies the events of that story, while telling the later events of Tom and Twink after they went back home.


Story: After midnight, Tom calls his sister Abby (who he calls Twink) to invite her to their old home in Buffalo and tells her to bring the book.  She recalls moving out of their parents' house when she got married to her husband Steve in 1966, four years after their father died of cancer.  Their mother passed two and a half years ago.  After her funeral, Tom returned to his boyfriend Michael in California and Abbey to her husband and two kids in New Jersey.


Saying goodbye to Rose (10 years old) and Jeremy (7), and leaving a note for Steve, she pulls out their old copy of The Shaggy Man of Oz with mixed feelings.  She'd purchased it nearly 30 years ago, but has never shared it with her children.  Driving off to meet her brother, who she hasn't seen since the funeral, she thinks back to her adventures with Tom in Oz.  She pulls out the book at a rest stop, and is once again astounded at the likeness of her and Tom in the first illustration of them.


Abby weeps at the memories, but returns to the book, critical of Frank Kramer's later illustrations and how he  failed to capture the Shaggy Man's warmth or the frightening aspects of Conjo, who was obese, old and greasy.  She finds it remarkable that the text was so accurate, although lacking in the details her memory still held, e.g., the oppressive heat of the Deadly Desert, the stinging smoke of the badger's torches, the strangeness of hearing animals speak.  Then there were the parts Snow left out, the awkward bathroom breaks, and more upsetting, the uproar that met their return home a week later, after police, neighbors, and even FBI agents had searched for them.  Their story of being in Oz had disturbed their mother and upset their father, a Professor at Columbia, who removed the projection television from the living room.  Twink and Tom were forced to speak of Oz only in each other's company.  Then, on November 6, 1949, over a year after their return, she discovered on a shopping trip the book, which detailed their story.  She was forced to purchase it, however, against her mother's wishes.


When Abby arrives at the house, Tom comes to greet her, and she's surprised at how youthful he still looks.  Though hungry, she follows him upstairs, anxious to see what brought them here.  He takes her into their old playroom, in which sits the projection television their father had built, which had sent them into fairyland 29 years ago.  Tom had found it it in the attic after their mother died.  The image on the screen is that of Conjo's castle, and on the floor are Twiffle's footprints...


The siblings drive off to eat, relieving some of Abby's shock.  She learns her brother's been laid off and that Michael has moved out.  Tom's surprised to find she never told her husband their story, but Abby's even more surprised to discover he told Michael (who thought it was some childhood game).  Tom notes how modern projection TVs are fuzzy and dim compared to the one their father built, and initially considered manufacturing some along those lines and selling them.  But he's more curious about the picture on the screen, and if the book reveals any additional details he forgot, such as if there's a screen or portal on the other side.  More mysteriously, he wonders how Jack Snow, who'd never met them, knew so much about their adventures, and how Frank Kramer captured their likeness in that one image.  He'd tried to track them down, but it turned out to be a dead end.


Back at the house, the siblings reminisce about the disapproval they came to feel in the years following their return, their mother's anger and fear, their workaholic father and his regret as one of the scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project.


When Abby asks what Tom's really doing, he brings her before the projection TV, but she says she's afraid.  The has set on Conjo's Island, though it's 4AM there.  Tom takes out a business card and tosses it through the screen, where it falls on the floor into the image on the scren.  He tells her he's going back and she can also if she wants to.  Abby grows angry, telling him he wants to escape because he can't handle life.  She runs off and locks herself in another room, unwilling to talk to him any further.


In the morning, Abby's awoken by the house's caretaker and neighbor, Mr. Peckholdt, who tells her he's too old to maintain it any longer.  He'd grown up with Dolores, her mother, and even had a crush on her for years.  He was there the night she met Anthony (her father) and remained neighborly with them until the week the children disappeared.  As he never knew what happened, Abby tells him they went to Oz.  He reveals to her that her mother was a huge Oz fan, had all the books and read them over and over to herself and later to her kids, which Abby suddenly remembers.


After he leaves, Abby goes in search of Tom, reminiscing on her father's convalescence when he was dying of cancer.  In the attic she wonders what he did there all those years.  In their former bedroom, she has a vision of her mother's self-recrimination, her blame that she was at fault for her children's Oz delusion.  Tom interrupts and brings her to the playroom, where she can see Conjo sitting in the room on the screen.  Tom gives her all his important papers and keys, explaining that he's ready to go.  Abby surprises him by saying she wants to go too, but Tom says she can't just run off, and has to tell Steve.


Abby realizes she's become just like her mother, "blaming herself, ignoring problems and pretending everything is all right," and determines to go home and come clean.  After saying goodbye, Tom steps through the screen.  She can't hear him through the portal, though, and writes a note to him.  Twiffle then appears on the screen with her brother.  Tom picks up the note she throws through the screen, and writes one of his own, explaining that Conjo's a vegetable (and has been that way since Ozma sent him back).  Twiffle's searching for a way off the island, but there's no visible portal on that side.  Tom's going to help them find a way off.  But as Tom brings the note closer to the screen, the TV suddenly goes static.  After 90 minutes and no change, and no way of getting a message across any longer, Abby knows it's time to go home and begin for the first time to live an authentic life.


Continuity notes:  

Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in October 1977, 39 years after the events of The Shaggy Man of Oz.  This story also definitively dates that book to a week in August of 1948.


Parents: Details are given on Tom and Abby's parents.  Anthony Jones was one of the scientists on the Manhattan Project; he married Delores Mitchell, a socialite and avid Oz reader, on June 12, 1932.  They gave birth to the twins in 1941.  Anthony died of cancer in December 1962; their mother died in a car accident in the summer of 1975.  Abby married Steve in 1966 and went to live in New Jersey


Shaggy Man of Oz: There is a fascinating mystery at the heart of "Abby," which asks how Frank Kramer, who never met or even knew of Tom and Twink, was able to draw them so accurately in the initial picture of them (on page 15 of the hardcover printing), and yet get them wrong in every subsequent picture.  This is true, as well, of Snow's ability to know what happened, but he might have been given the story by the Shaggy Man or another person (although that doesn't explain how he would have known what happened prior to the children coming to Oz, as they're the only source of that). 


Tom, Twiffle and Twoffle: Having left the outside world for Conjo's Island in October 1977, Tom joins Twiffle to help him escape Conjo's island, and make it to Oz.  Twoffle's fate is unknown, as Tom's father had disposed him in some unknown manner shortly after the children returned to Buffalo in August 1948.  The story of Tom, Twiffle and Twoffle's later adventures has not yet been told.  In his Vovatia blog, Nathan M. DeHoff notes that "Ozma gives Twiffle a ring to contact her if there’s ever any trouble. In 'Abby,' Twiffle appears to have no way of communicating with Ozma. Did he lose the ring, or was the ring a detail invented by Snow that never really existed?"


The Clockwork Man, lyric by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Vlada Stolikovich



The Wonderland of Oz: The Land of Oz: part II, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



The King of the Corn, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



The Magic Land, by Eloise Jarvis McGraw; illustrated by Lauren Lynn McGraw



A Toyland Resident's Sad Kitchen Experience, by John R. Neill; illustrated by John R. Neill



Christmas in Pumperdink, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by Mark Grammel

Story: The Prince of Pumperdink is cross because he has everything he wants, but his parents are forcing him to make a list of things for him for Christmas. When all the wise-men cannot come up with a solution, the jester does: give away everything to the children of Pumperdink, and start a new list. The prince is so happy, he vows to do this every Christmas.


Continuity Notes:

Dating: Internal evidence indicates this takes story place from December 18-25.  This is the first appearance of Prince Pompadore, though he is not called that by name.  It is one of the five Pumperdink stories that Thompson wrote before establishing Pumperdink in the land of Oz in Kabumpo in Oz.


Who's Afraid?, poem by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by John R. Neill



Skin Deep, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Dan Parent



Policeman Bluejay, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Maginel Wright Enright


If Six Great Cartoonists, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower








Oz-story Magazine No. 3

Number Three, July 1997

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



Ozma Sees Herself, by Edward Einhorn; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Events of this story take place very early after the events of The Marvelous Land of Oz, while Ozma is still adjusting to being a girl.  In order to reconcile this story with Onyx Madden’s The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz, pages 185-187 should be excised from the latter.  It should also be noted that the Cowardly Lion returned to the forest he ruled shortly after these events, where he attempts to lead a more lionly life alongside his friend the Hungry Tiger.  This also explains his absence in "A Pumpkin Patch in Oz."  As regards the Hungry Tiger's report that Jinjur's attempting another take over of Oz, no such story currently exists, so it may perhaps have been an baseless rumor.  Ozma meets with the King and Queen of Ev for the first time, placing this story prior to their abduction, which is first noted as having occurred in The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz.


Emerald Holidays, poem by Ruth Berman; illustrated by Moebius



The Wonderland of Oz, part 1 of Ozma of Oz, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



Buffalo Dreams, by Jane Mailander; illustrated by David Maxine

Note: Go here for continuity-notes.







The Glass Cat, poem by Eric Shanower; illustrated by David Maxine

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







Ellie in the Clutches of the Ogre, by Alexander Volkov; illustrated by N. Radlov



Denslow's Scarecrow and Tinman, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow

Note: Go here for continuity-notes.


King, King! Double King!, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by John R. Neill

Go here for continuity notes.


Dear Old Hank, lyric by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by John R. Neill



The Little Journeys of Nip & Tuck, by W.R. Bradford; illustrated by John R. Neill



Tiger's Delight, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Karl Waller



The Glass Dog, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Harry Kennedy


Jinnicky Jarred, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: One-page comic in which Jinnicky encounters two crows who make him question his safety.


Spots in Oz, by Rachel Cosgrove Payes; illustrated by Eric Shanower



A Roundabout Rhyme, poem by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by John R. Neill



Poppies, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Ramona Fradon



The Flying Girl, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Eric Shanower







Oz-story Magazine No. 4

Number Four, October 1998

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



The Salt Sorcerer of Oz, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







A Fairy Frolic, poem by Ruth Plumly Thompson



A Valentine Tragedy, by Frederick Richardson; illustrated by Frederick Richardson



Denslow's Scarecrow and Tinman, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow

Note: Go here for continuity-notes.


The Wonderland of Oz, Part II of Ozma of Oz, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



Fresh Strawberries, poem by L. Frank Baum



Pajamas, the Sleepyhead Elf, by Eloise Jarvis McGraw; illustrated by Eric Shanower



Reflections, by Peter Baker; illustrated by Peter Baker



Sunday Visits, by Michael Pickens; illustrated by Dan Seitler

Story: Dorothy inquires of Glinda where Ozma goes every Sunday, as Ozma won't tell her, but Glinda only makes her promise not to look in the Magic Book or Picture.  Ozma and the Sawhorse go every week to the Gillikin country, where she brings food to Mombi.  Mombi doesn't let her in, and is angry that Ozma won't turn some boys who throw rocks at her into crows.  Their meeting is awkward and sad for Ozma, who confesses to Glinda that she's lonely and afraid.  One day when she goes, Mombi has departed.


Continuity notes:

Dating: That Mombi knows she can magically transform boys into crows (and Ozma does not wear the Magic Belt) indicates that she's aware that Ozma can use magic, placing this story shortly before or after The Tin Woodman of Oz. 


Mombi's Disappearance: This is explained in The Lost King of Oz.  Ozma's compassion for her is later manifest again in "Executive Decisions" (Oziana #38).  Mombi's anger at children's cruelty later manifests in Bucketheads in Oz, where she commands Ozma to exile them to an island in the Nonestic.


The Green Camel, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by Eric Shanower



Tiger's Delight, by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Karl Waller



The Tiktok with Pizazz, by Thomas Strelka; illustrated by David Maxine



Teddy Bear Hunt, poem by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by John R. Neill



The Wizard of Pumperdink, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; adapted by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Anna-Maria Cool

Story: A wizard living in Pumperdink tries to get rid of his purple beard, which informs everyone that he is a wizard, but nothing he does works.  The king believes him to be harmless, but in secret, he is a wicked wizard. When he goes to a retired witch in the woods, she agrees to make his beard disappear, but fails to tell him that he too will disappear with it, for the witch had reformed.


Continuity Notes: This comic is an adaptation of "The Wizard and His Purple Beard," which originally appeared in the Philadelphia Public Ledger circa 1920 (and can be found in The Wizard of Way-Up published by the International Wizard of Oz Club). Thompson wrote five Pumperdink stories before she brought Pumperdink into Oz.  The prohibition against magic noted in this tale fits well within the Oz mythos. Pumperdink is said in the text to be located by the mountains of the east and the west, which is noted on the Haff & Martin map in the Gillikin country.


The Guardian of the Gate, lyric by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



Daughters of Destiny, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Eric Shanower








Oz-story Magazine No. 5

Number Five, October 1999

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



The Wonderland of Oz, Part I of The Emerald City of Oz, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



There's No Place, poem by Julie Schneider



Unauthorized Magic, by Edward Einhorn; illustrated by Eric Shanower



John Dough, lyric by Frederick Ranken; illustrated by John R. Neill



The First Brown-Haired Princess, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; adapted by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Trina Robbins



Denslow's Scarecrow and Tinman, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



The Artful Arab, poem by L. Frank Baum



Blow, Winds, Blow!, poem by Peter Baker; illustrated by Peter Baker



The Ruby Heart, by Michael O. Riley; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: When Bungle trips on an emerald on the palace floor, and cracks in half, Dorothy, the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman attempt to secret her in a box to Glinda to fix her.  Following the border of the Munchkin and Quadling countries, they come across a house split in the middle, and then the town of Brickbats, people made entirely of red bricks who live on the edge of the Deadly Desert.  When the Brickbats take them captive, they decide to make Bungle their long-awaited leader, and march the others into the desert. As Bungle is covered in mortar, the others discover Polychrome a prisoner as well.  The Glass Cat is sent off to summon the Rainbow, but must first cross the Deadly Desert.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Date is based on the year the author first wrote it in the early '60s.  As per the author, the story takes place during Baum's time in Oz.  For a closer look at the Glass Cat's history, go here


Witch: There is no indication who the witch is that originally ruled the Brickbats.  Her posture is drawn similar to that of Singra, the Wicked Witch of the South (from the cover of The Wicked Witch of Oz), though this one is said to have stepped on the sands of the Deadly Desert and disappeared (though perhaps this was a trick).


Prince Inga vs. Prince Caspian, by Megan Kelso; illustrated by Megan Kelso



The Magic Sled, by Jack Snow; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: Unaware that his parents have unwittingly gifted him a magic sled on his birthday, the day before Christmas, Bobby is surprised to find Santa himself appearing before him.  Santa explains that the sled was made from a fir tree that grew in the enchanted forest of Burzee, the same tree from which the Ryls and Knooks made his sled.  Although Santa must take it back, as he'd been searching for it a long time, he takes Bobby on an adventure on the sled to wondrous lands all over the world.  At last Santa returns Bobby to his bed, exchanging the magic sled for an ordinary one.  The boy knows he'll never forget the experience he's had.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Apart from the Christmas setting, there is no indication as to what year this story takes place, save that it's before 1956 (when the author wrote it).


Reindeer: Snow incorporates the eight reindeer of Santa lore (and names Dancer, Prancer, Donner, Blitzen, Comet and Vixen) into Baum's conception of the Santa story with Burzee and the Ryls and Knooks.


Jack Pumpkinhead's Day in Court, by J.L. Bell; illustrated by Eric Shanower



Steven of Oz, by David Kelly; illustrated by David Kelly



The Woggle-Bug Book, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Ike Morgan

Woggle-Bug Book Go here for continuity notes.






Paradox in Oz—Chapter One, by Edward Einhorn; illustrated by Eric Shanower








Oz-story Magazine No. 6

Number Six, 2000

Edited by David Maxine

Art-Direction by Eric Shanower



The Rundelstone of Oz, by Eloise Jarvis McGraw; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story and continuity notes: As this was later reformatted in book form, you can find the entry here for the complete plot synopsis and continuity notes here.


The Rundelstone/Forbidden Fountain Sketchbook; illustrated by Lauren Lynn McGraw



The King of Pumperdink, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by John R. Neill

Story: When the prince asks his father the King to abdicate, the king goes along, much to the chagrin of the prime minister, twenty servants and ten subjects.


Continuity notes: Re-titled from "The Laughing King: A Page Out of Pumperdink History," this story seems to take place early in Pumperdink history, perhaps when the current King Pompus was a boy.  It represents the first (chronologically) of the five Pumperdink stories before Thompson establishes the kingdom as part of Oz. This placement is predicated on the notion that it is Pompus' father who abdicates, based on an idea expressed in Nathan Mulac DeHoff's blog.  If so, Pompus is the brother of Ozroar, as noted in The Blue Emperor of Oz, then it likely takes place some time in the 13th century.


The Antics of Jim Scarecrow, by E. Brotts; illustrated by E. Brotts



The Ogre of Oh-Go-Wan, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by Marge

Story and continuity notes: This is the first chapter of this Thompson book. Read the complete entry on this story here.




The Motorman, lyric by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



The Cusp of Success, by Andy Hartzell; illustrated by Andy Hartzell



Oz and the Three Witches, by Hugh Pendexter III; illustrated by Patricia Ambrose

Story and continuity notes: Read the complete entry on this story about the Wizard's coming to Oz, his castle at Morrow, and his role in Ozma's abduction by Mombi here.




Billy Bounce on the Moon, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



Princess Chrystal and Prince Eolus, by Jack Snow; illustrated by Eric Shanower



When You Love, Love, Love, lyric by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by John R. Neill



The Tin Woodman Slams the Door, by Philip José Farmer; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



Trot of Oz, by Glenn Ingersoll and Eric Shanower; illustrated by Eric Shanower

Story: As Trot and Cap'n Bill sail Lake Quad, one of several trips they make each year, big waves start to roll in, and a giant sea creature rises up.  Realizing they're not an amblopotamus, the creatureQuaddleasks them where the flangosaurs and humpdoodles are, amongst other questions.


She then introduces herself and explains that she was buried by a lakequake zillions of years ago and must have been preserved by the mud because she was just awoken by another landquake.  She had explored a cavern that led to a forest, where the people threw food at her and begged for a champion to help them.  Quaddle asks Trot and Bill if they can be their champions, and she'll protect them.  Agreeing, they each ride in one of Quaddle's cheeks as he dives underwater, and find themselves in the ruined city of the Shrooms, which had been destroyed by the landquake.  Large mushrooms grow everywhere.


They meet the Shrooms, a sluglike people of vague humanoid shape, but they say it's too late for a champion.  Puzzled, Trot and Bill depart, but Quaddle sees someone in the distance, and thinking it might be the one who requested a champion, follows him into a pitch dark tunnel.  Before they can follow, the Shrooms approach and tell them that their Despot insists they go with them.  A one-eyed shroom with a club oversees their capture. 


The Despot accuses them of the catastrophe and demands to know the secret of the Multiplying Overcoat.  Denying the former and puzzled by the latter, Trot and Cap'n Bill are taken to the dungeon.  The shrooms who take them away allow Trot to escape, but when she follows to see where they take him, she's confronted by the one-eyed shroom.


In prison, Bill meets two small timid creatures called stels, and one wrinkled shroom called Zummuma.  The elderly shroom explains that the one-eyed shroom is Rottug, and he's at fault for the current state of affairs.  The shrooms are a peaceful race of scientists, artists and priests, who worship the Multiplying Overcoat.  The stels do the physical labor.  Zummuma is a scientist.  Rottug had been his student, but when his pride and ambition got the better of him, he got dismissed again and again, until he started his own science community, and even then, he lost students or turned them out.  Opting to work alone, he became obsessed with the Multiplying Overcoat, and broke into the temple to steal it.  There he had an altercation with the High Priest Musharoo, to whom he lost an eye.  A tribunal exiled Rottug to the black hole, but when the landquake occurred, killing many, he reappeared, setting up the Despot in secret.  The Despot began rounding up enemies.  Only Musharoo knows the hidden location of the Multiplying Overcoat.  The stels reveal it was they who'd asked Quaddle for a champion.


Trot, meanwhile, runs away and climbs a hill to see her surroundings, and there meets the shrooms Shruvm and Korm, who are hiding from Rottug as well.  They also don't trust Musharoo and don't believe the Multiplying Overcoat is real.  In the morning, they lead Trot to the black hole where Quaddle went, but the High Priest comes running towards them with a shocking report: Cap'n Bill has stolen the Multiplying Overcoat.  Heading to the temple, they find Cap'n Bill grinning wickedly as he wears the coat and produces a duplicate of himself with two real legs (instead of the peg-leg).


What Trot doesn't know is that Rottug had switched Cap'n Bill's mind into a stel's body by means of a Magic Mind-Switcher.  The test successful, Rottug then switched his mind into Cap'n Bill's body, leaving Bill in the body of a stel.  As the Multiplying Overcoat can only be summoned by one who has ten fingers, Rottug is now able to bring it forth from the pool where it lays.  While he's busy with that, Cap'n Bill escapes in the stel's body, but Trot shows up to see the duplicates try to capture her.  Able to control numerous bodies with one mind, Rottug capture Korm, but Trot, Shruvm and Musharoo run into the black hole.


Quaddle, who'd earlier gone into it, had began to slide down deep into the earth until he got stuck.  A voice met him, telling him he silenced the screaming shroom he'd been following, and delivers his limp body to him.  The voice says he's the Stone Giant who controls where the tunnel goes, so Quaddle requests he send him to Shroom City.  The Stone Giant obliges, but sends him instead to the Shump Sea, where Quaddle is met by a giant merman named King Shump, who rules the greatest underground sea out of the world.  Though he's never heard of Shroom City, the king invites Quaddle to swim with him.  Their departure awakens the shroom who had been sent by Rottug to lure the travelers into the black hole.


Trot and the shrooms soon encounter the Stone Giant as well, and he warns them to turn back.  She explains they're being pursued and requests he send them to the surface.  He agrees, and says he'll send their persecutors to the molten lake.  Instead, Trot and her allies end up on a ledge overlooking a giant cavern of blue mist.  When the tunnel shifts again, they fall off the ledge and are caught by the mist, which places them on the surface.  Musharoo exclaims that it's the Land of the Multiplying Overcoat!


After walking the flat surface for a time, Trot notes the uncharacteristically frightened behavior of Musharoo and demands to know what's going on.  He warns them first of the lightning bug, a giant insect that produces bolts of lightning as it passes by, and explains that he's afraid of Moomjean, the High Priestess and caretaker of the Multiplying Overcoat.  Born with five-fingered hands, he'd been taken early on by the priests, and then trained by her personally before she transferred her office to him and used the Overcoat to return to this land.  He had also used the Coat to visit her on occasion.  One day, when another five-fingered child is born, the process will repeat and he'll then replace Moomjean.  But he fears punishment from her because he's bungled things up so badly since the landquake.


When prism bees show up, Musharoo panics and flees into the mist.  The bees sing gently as Trot and Shruvm walk towards a glowing diamond prism within which is a rainbow.  The bees go in and out of the prism.  Alighting on Shruvm, they begin to paint him an assortment of colors even more variegated than the Patchwork Girl.  Shruvm loves it and feels happy.  They next come upon a small dome.  Knocking, they're invited into the glowing room, where they meet Moomjean, a blue shroom with a star around her eye.  She provides them seats and food and explains that their friends are safe.  She'd like to know about Oz, but first gives them a history lesson of their people.


The parents of all shrooms were born from a giant mushroom that grew in the cavern that is now Shroom City.  They tended the spores that grew into the shrooms who built the first houses.  When they died, their eldest, Kaad, caught the shimmering leaves that were their souls and sewed them together, and had a temple built.  He became the founder of the priesthood.  When he died and became a leaf, it was also sewn to the parents.  If a shroom has children, his soul is divided amongst them so they can grow and prosper.  When a priest dies it goes to the High Priest.  When High Priests die their souls are sewn to their ancestors' leaves.  This is how the Multiplying Overcoat came to be.  When the first landquake hit long ago, the High Priest was killed, the Mother Mushroom destroyed, and the Multiplying Overcoat was stolen from a cruel priest named Kalci.  He duplicated hundreds of himself to control the city, and his duplicates bred with the shrooms.  Because his soul was spread too thin, they produced the stels. 


Her connection to the Multiplying Overcoat allows her to hear the Stels' thoughts, which is how she monitors what's going on in Shroom City.  After the second landquake, it was she who sent them to Quaddle looking for a champion, as she distrusts Musharoo.  After several years of Kalci rule, a five-fingered shroom named Shomin led a revolt against him, and with the help of the stels, won.  Spread too thin, Kalci burst and his duplicates were destroyed with him.  Shomin hid the Multiplying Coat and made it accessible only to those with ten fingers.  Years later, Poosoh was born, trained, and able to access the Overcoat.  Years later, another was born and Poosoh passed on the knowledge and gift before dying and being sewn into the coat.  The cycle continued for generations.


Trot then tells Moomjean all about Oz until late in the evening.  In the morning, she thanks Trot and informs her that she intends to send her into the Overcoat, where she can duplicate herself and overcome Rottug's forces.  But Trot realizes then that she's being influenced by generations of shroom souls through the Multiplying Overcaot, and explains that they must wait until Rottug duplicates himself again, at which point the duplicate will have Trot's mind.  Moomjean leads them to a hot spring fed by magic water.  Bathing it in, they feel at peace.


Moosharoo, meanwhile, sneaks into Moomjean's hut and exits the Land of the Multiplying Overcoat through a trapdoor on the floor, down a long tunnel leading to a small cavern, where he passes by a blue electrical mist, and comes to  a hole with a current of air blowing up from below.  Leaping into it, he floats up through a tunnel into a giant cavern.  There on a pedestal he finds another ball with ten holes like the one in the Temple.  Inserting his fingers, he opens a hole in the ceiling releasing the water from the sea above.  Jumping back into the air current, he's surrounded by a bubble which carries him out of the cavern into the open sea.  The bubble takes him up into another tunnel leading to the pool in the Temple of the Multiplying Coat.  There, four Cap'n Bills await him.  But something else occurs behind him and they run.  Quaddle has emerged out of the pool. After King Shump had refused to help him find his way back, Quaddle went his own way and came upon a string of bubbles which he followed up to the pool. 


The Despot Stub, meanwhile, broods over Rottug's newfound power and determines that despite his forty duplicates, he can use his hundred-plus shrooms to take the Overcoat.  Rottug, meanwhile, discovers the news of the lake monster in the Temple and gathers his forces to overcome Musharoo. He's fearful of making any more duplicates else he suffer the fate of Kalci.  As his army approaches the Temple, Stub sends out his followers led by General Funj.  Funj comes across Musharoo first and makes him a prisoner.  Rottug, meanwhile, enters the Temple and refuses to be scared off by Quaddle, but the Despot's army attacks.  Pinned to the grown, Rottug duplicates again, and at last Trot comes through into the mind of the new duplicate.


In the body of a stel, the real Cap'n Bill, meanwhile, follows the stels into the city.  They stop over the rubble to pick up the multicolored leaves that are the souls of the shrooms killed when the city fell.  But Rottug suddenly turns himself giant!  Moomjean begins to weaken and tells Shruvm to take the trapdoor to Shroom City.  When she dies, Shruvm catches her leaf, but is unable to prevent all the static flies, lightning bugs and prism bees from dying.  Even the cottage collapses.  Shruvm takes Trot's body through the trapdoor.  Her mind is in the new duplicate, which is taken off by Funj's shrooms.  But when Rottug grows giant, he kills Funj.  Trot tells Musharoo who she is and commands him to help the Stels gather the leaves.  As Rottug grows, Trot pulls at his peg leg, throwing him off balance to fall against the wall.  But he soon duplicates a second giant form, and both go off to destroy the city. 


Up through the pool comes Shruvm and Trot's body, followed by Quaddle.  Shruvm explains that her body has Moomjean's soul and that the Land of the Multiplying Coat is gone.  Shruvm then gathers all the leaves and with the help of Trot and Musharoo begins pressing them together to create a new Multiplying Overcoat.  As the giants approach, they struggle to figure out how to make all the leaves join together for the final step.  Suddenly, Trot realizes that they match Shruvm's colors, and they begin matching leaves to Shruvm's patterns, turning him into a living Multiplying Overcoat.  Power flows between Shruvm and Trot when they touch, but the giants arrive to crush the temple.  Figuring they need to work together, Shruvm wraps his arms around the duplicate with Trot's mind.  Suddenly powerful, Trot is able to take over the mind of the original giant Cap'n Bill.  Rottug puts his power into the duplicate giant and attacks.  Trot then multiplies one last time, bursting every multiple of Cap'n Bill.


Trot finds herself in her own body once again.  The duplicates are all gone, but Cap'n Bill is still trapped inside the body of a stel, and he figures that without the magic ingredient, the Mind-Switching machine won't work.  Musharoo and Trot reason that the Multiplying Overcoat could make it happen.  With Shruvm touching the original Overcoat, the stel with Cap'n Bill's mind, and Rottug's body with the stel's mind, the transference works.  Rottug's body then crumples into dust and the original Overcoat shrivels into spores.  Musharoo proclaims Shruvm the new living Multiplying Overcoat, chosen to replace the old ways with the new.  Musharoo declares there is no longer a need for a High Priest or a Temple or a Land of the Multiplying Overcoat.  Moomjean didn't think he'd accept the loss of power.  Yet now he feels relieved.  Power will live amongst all of them.  Shruvm then remembers Korm, so Quaddle takes them to see the prisoners who are beating the Despot.  In the distance they find Korm and Zummuma and many others.  Korm is amazed at the aura of love and peace that Shruvm now radiates.  Suddenly an enormous mushroom rises from the rubble, the Mother Mushroom, where they will rebuild.  They feast and sleep for the night, and Shruvm discovers he needs neither any longer.


In the morning the travelers say goodbye, and Trot promises to come back and visit Shruvm and the others and see how the new city has come along.  Quaddle takes Trot and Cap'n Bill in his jaws again and swims up to Lake Quad.  He declines her invitation to visit the Emerald City, but assures her he'll remain in Lake Quad and will greet them the next time they go sailing.  With that, the old friends row home.


Continuity notes:

Cap'n Bill: It's for the first time here learned that the ship Cap'n Bill once captained was called the Anemone.


Dating: The story takes place over the course of four days. There is no indication as to what year this story takes place, save that it must take place after Kabumpo in Oz, since she mentions the elephant.  The Oziana 38 story "Executive Decisions" has Mombi complaining that mushroom people are digging under her home and through her basement.  It's a reasonable assumption that as the Shrooms are rebuilding their new city (which is under Oz), that in fact it's they who are building under Mombi's house.  This places the story a short time after the Oziana one in 1982.


Land of the Multiplying Overcoat: An enormous cavern covered by a dry blue mist over a flat land, wherein giant  lightning bugs fly producing lightning, static flies give electric shocks, and prism bees sing and guard the prisms.  Occasional small black cubes mar the otherwise featureless landscape, and these allow the High Priest/ess to see what's going on in her realm.  The Land of the Multiplying Coat lies directly but far beneath Shroom City and can be accessed through the Temple of the High Priest.  It goes beneath the sea, into a giant cavern and then down a long tunnel, into a smaller cavern that has a tunnel leading to the hut of Moomjean.  It has since been destroyed as a result of a change in the way the Multiplying Overcoat (and Shroom society) now function.


Magic Mind Switcher: Acquired from the Nomes, who refused to use it because it required a Nanrovian ostrich egg to use.  It's not known who built it, but Rottug managed to acquire two eggs from the now extinct bird to work the machine.


Quaddle: A kind of plesiosaur, Quaddle had been preserved alive in mud during the first landquake a "zillion years ago," during the time he spent with amblopotamuses, flangosaurs and humpdoodles.  The actual time was more like after thirty thousand BC, as the landquake first struck early in the time of the first shrooms (see the Mainline Timeline).


Shroom City: Shroom City lies somewhere below Lake Quad.  It's joined to other underground kingdoms by means of a magic black hole controlled by a misanthropic Stone Giant, who moves it as he pleases, and often forgets where.  The movable tunnel is similar in some ways to the tunnel built by Hiergargo in the Land of An (Tik-Tok of Oz).


Shump Sea: The greatest underground sea "out of the world," according to the giant merman who rules it, King Shump (potentially a cousin of Poseidon), and where all the great rivers of the world (likely Nonestica) send tributaries.  Although the king doesn't know of Shroom City, it appears to be relatively nearby, as Quaddle swims from his domain to the waters underneath the pool in the temple.



The Wonderland of Oz, Part II of The Emerald City of Oz, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by Walt Spouse



Nonsense, poem by Ruth Plumly Thompson; illustrated by Dick Martin



Our Last Walk, by Judi A. Rypma



The Mermaid's Necklace, by Ruth Plumly Thompson; adapted by Eric Shanower; illustrated by Steve Lieber



Denslow's Scarecrow and Tinman, by W.W. Denslow; illustrated by W.W. Denslow



The Traveller and the Pie, poem by L. Frank Baum



Dorothy Meets Button-Bright, by Steven "Ribs" Weissman; illustrated by Steven "Ribs" Weissman



Toto and the Truth, by Atticus Gannaway; illustrated by Anna-Maria Cool

Continuity notes:

Dating: Taking place towards the end of The Patchwork Girl of Oz, Toto employs the help of Bungle the Glass Cat to rid him of a curse placed upon him by the Wicked Witch of the West, which has prevented him from speaking ever since the events of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.  Bungle has her pink brains removed and restored for the first time.  As she fears at the end of this tale, the Wizard deems her too conceited and again turns her pink brains clear.


The reason that a second enchantment of her brains must occur is because David Hulan's "A Bungled Kidnapping in Oz" (Oziana 2004) definitively takes place after The Lost Princess of Oz, whereas "Toto and the Truth" definitively takes place after The Patchwork Girl of Oz.


Stitch and Scraps, by Tommy Kovac; illustrated by Tommy Kovac



Rocket Trip to Oz, by Rachel Cosgrove Payes; illustrated by Eric Shanower



Annabel, by L. Frank Baum; illustrated by H. Putnam Hall & Joseph Pierre Nuyttens; decorated by Eric Shanower



Menu, poem by Eric Shanower

Note: Also available in The Salt Sorcerer of Oz and Other Stories







The Salt Sorcerer of Oz


May 2003

Written by Eric Shanower

Illustrated by Eric Shanower

Book 55 of the Sovereign Sixty



The Salt Sorcerer of Oz, from Oz-story Magazine #4



Kabumpo, from bookplate accompanying Oz-story Magazine #4



The Final Fate of the Frogman, from Oziana 1980



The Glass Cat, from Oz-story Magazine #3



Dorothy and the Mushroom Queen, from Oz-story Magazine #2



Parts Unavailable, from Oz-story Magazine #1



The Balloon-Girl of Oz, from Oz-story Magazine #1



Menu, from Oz-story Magazine #6



Gugu and the Kalidahs, from Oz-story Magazine #1



Ode to Brains, from The Forgotten Forest of Oz



The Silver Jug, first section from Oziana 1993; second section exclusive to The Salt Sorcerer of Oz



In Blue-Green Lands, from a 1991 Winkie Convention bookmark





The Oz Gazette Winter 2003


Scraps and the Oz Tree


This very short, half-page story appears in The Oz Gazette Winter 2003, a newsletter published seasonally by The International Wizard of Oz Club. 











 The Winkie Con 50 Program Book










Back to the Royal Timeline of Oz