Ozzy Footnotes 11











The Haunted Castle of Oz


History: Originally published as a novella in 1987.  This story has since been revised and expanded into a full-length novel that is forthcoming with over 50% new material and all new illustrations.


Story: Part 1: When a ghost is discovered in the palace, Dorothy, Trot, Betsy and Button-Bright go to investigate.  They discover that the ghost is actually a magical projection of the knight Terrence, who is a prince from the Kingdom of Flora.  He was sent to Oz by his wizard Necronimus seeking help. 


Terrence's country has been taken over by his tyrant uncle Grosbenor, who has been exiling the people and creating a secret army.  Terrence needs to marry a princess in order to become king, and asks for Dorothy's hand.  But when Grosbenor arrives, only Button-Bright escapes imprisonment.


With the help of Terrence's page, Christian and the wizard Necronimus, they must free their friends and escape the tyrant's clutches.  But there are strange things in the underground tunnels of the keep.  When Grosbenor begins to topple the tower, it forces the wizard, Christian and Terrence to join the Ozites in Oz, where they fear they'll have to live as incorporeal beings. With the help of Glinda and the Wizard, however, they receive partial bodies.


Part 2: Ozma determines that she must help those she can in the kingdom of Flora from the evil machinations of Grosbenor, and puts together a task force to deal with the situation.  They are made up of Handy Mandy, Zim the Flying Sorcerer, Maggie the Good Witch of the North, Benny the living statue, Prince Corum, Captain Fyter, General Jinjur, her son Perry and his boyfriend Tommy Kwikstep, the clown Notta Bit More, the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger.  Ozma, however, does not want violence, yet she must soon step aside as a mysterious illness takes her, Dorothy, Trot and Betsy, forcing them to journey to the Forest of Burzee to find a cure.


Continuity Notes:

Dating: The portrayal of Zim as married, as well as of Nick Chopper and the Tin Soldier with the abilities given them at the end of Forever in Oz, dictate the placement of this story after that book.


Tommy Kwikstep: Tommy first appears in The Tin Woodman of Oz.  He's shown to meet Jinjur's son Perry in the forthcoming story "Tommy Kwikstep and the Magpie," which will appear in the anthology The Lost Tales of Oz.












Toto in Oz

Story: When Toto is laughed at for falling into a bush, he confesses to the Cowardly Lion that he feels a general lack of respect; even the most unqualified children from the outside world are made princes; so he determines to go Glinda's to ask about getting some. 


En route, he falls asleep and dreams he's the ruler of Dogud, a kingdom of 345.5 dogs, where he's protected by Bernie the Saint Bernard.  As King Totoshka, he governs wisely and is respected by all. After visiting his subjects, he appoints Poe the Pug, a puppy to be his royal herald.  When the kingdom is later attacked by the cats of Caterpill, the pug and his friends encourage the king to fight.


The Sawhorse wakes him up and brings him the rest of the way to Glinda's.  Toto explains to her that even language is embedded disrespect for dogs.  Glinda notes that she can't use her magic to give him respect, as that must be earned, but since it's midsummer's eve, when wishes are sometimes granted, she can see about getting him a title.


Excited, he runs south to go home, but sees a sign for Arfrica, and as he's thirsty, he takes a detour.  He sees the citizens of Arfrica looking for something, but when he comes across an ivory rod, they tell him he's their new ruler!  Every nine years the prior magistrate steps down and hides the rod.  Whoever finds it becomes king.  Toto's royal office is called the Dogate, and there he meets his guardian Lunarr Bernstein, who assures him it's a peaceful community.  The book The History of Arfrica informs him that there have been twenty magistrates before him.  In Toto's mind, they've done little as far as social change over the years, and determines to do better.


Toto's French maid Froufrou brings food, but when she comes to collect the plates, her pearl necklace, a gift from her grandmother, breaks.  Toto calls in all of the staff to search for the pearls.  All but one is found, so Toto gives as a reward the prize of serving as acting ruler when he's not around.  Yet, it can't be located.  Later that night, Toto's awoken by the sound of someone in the room.  He tries to sneak out before the creature finds him, but when it approaches, he barks, arousing Lunarr and Froufrou, who discover Bertram the Butler.  He'd come back into the room to search for the pearl.  Toto ends the contest and orders everyone back to bed, while he reads the story of the kind fox Krenag and the cruel jackal Shagar.  Shagar tells Krenag he wishes to reform, but Krenag's parents warn him to avoid the jackal.  But when Shagar saves Krenag from the bear Sefar, Krenag agrees to Shagar's invitation to bring all the forest creatures to his house.  Once there, however, they discover that the jackal was in league with Sefar.  Thanks to the actions of Elgul and Dyagar, the rulers of the forest and Krenag's parents, the forest creatures escape.


The next day, Magistrate Toto decrees that Lunarr and Froufrou must learn the dog language.  Then, at the courthouse, Toto presides over various cases, including the charge that Gordon the Gardener pulled a rose, which he did by accident, after which he gave it to his wife Gleerup.  Another case involves gold that was found by the children of Ackhal and Ruby, which turned out to be the life-savings of Hector.  Toto decrees that he must return the gold to its rightful owner, but Ackhal, whose been out of work, will be given employment.


Dorothy, meanwhile, tells the Scarecrow that she's upset because Toto's been gone for three days.  Checking the Magic Picture, they see Toto presiding as judge.  Determined to find out why, they go with the Hungry Tiger to visit the Wizard, whose staying at the Tin Woodman's castle.  The two agree to accompany her. 


To help learn Doggish, Lunarr magics himself and the maid tails, but in the process Toto ends up losing his!  To help get his mind off it, Toto goes out to meet his citizens.  He meets Mr. Aminell, whose bitter because his brother Forst had been magistrate, and is now missing.  Toto determines to find him.  He next meets the schoolteacher Miss Petulant, who wants Toto to speak to her class.  As she needs a file clerk, Toto employs Ackhal to this position. When Toto later returns there to speak to the class, he appoints the wise Stroodle, the gardener's son, as his herald.


Dorothy discovers the Sawhorse and Cowardly Lion playing in the woods, and requests their help.  En route, Nick Chopper picks up a small strange device.  Suddenly, Nick is transformed into a tin teddy bear, the Red Wagon is shrunk, the Lion and Sawhorse are turned into a tree, and Dorothy into a bird. The Wizard watches as the metal device transforms into a metal man, Nalexan the Necromancer, who wishes to challenge the Wizard.  The two begin effecting various transformations in battle.  After declaring a draw, Nalexan vanishes and the Wizard finds himself stuck in the form of a rhinoceros from the outside world, and unable to speak! 


To Toto's surprise, Bertram the Butler announces that at last he's found Toto's bride, Princess Radenier, a human, as it's the law of the land that their magistrate must marry.  Stroodle suggests Toto run away before the wedding that night.  Lunarr agrees to go with him, and turns Toto's Persian rug into a magic carpet, with which they, along with Froufrou, escape.


Ozma and Glinda, meanwhile, discover what's become of the Wizard and Dorothy, as each thought they were with the other, and determine to disenchant them.  Gordon the Gardener, meanwhile, raises an army to help him find Stroodle, who at this time is flying over the Deadly Desert on a carpet that's fast unraveling.  As Toto and Lunarr drop, two Pegasi, Krespott and Kraygon, rescue them and bring them to the floating land of Billowed, which is in a cumulus cloud.  Ozma and Glinda approach a rhino, who writes his name with his paw on the ground.  As Glinda realizes he's the Wizard, an aluminum book magically appears in her hand.  It belongs to Nalexan, who had been the leader of a peaceful people, but was punished by Roquat the Nome King for refusing to go along on one of his schemes.  With the Magic Belt, Roquat turned him into the necromancer.  Glinda and Ozma disenchant their four friends.


The Pegasi bring Toto and his friends to the passing Rainbow, and the maidens help escort them to an easterly island called Hawlaii in Nonestica.  A Scottish Terrier named Labyz greets them, and brings them to her home for food and lodging.  A ship arrives bearing Gordon and the army of Arfrica.  Behind them fly Glinda's chariot with Toto's friends and mistress.  But the ship carrying the Arfricans turns into Nalexan, as he had earlier intercepted them.  Ozma quickly employs the Belt to restore him to his original self.  Nalexan turns into the missing magistrate Forst.  Glinda, Ozma and the Wizard return everyone to their homes, while Lunarr employs Glinda's help to restore Toto's tail.  He decides them to move to the Emerald City.


Weeks later, Lunarr explains to Dorothy that Toto is missing Labyz and has given the dog a small crystal ball in which he can communicate with her.  Dorothy says Toto can bring her to the Emerald City with the Magic Belt anytime he wishes.


Continuity notes:

Arfrica: A small Quadling community ruled by a magistrate for nine years, after which he hides an ivory rod. Whoever finds it becomes the next magistrate.  The community has only existed for 180 years, and appears to house humans who'd come from various countries, such as France and Israel, however, it may have been first established by a dog, as its founder is named Christopher Colliebus, which may be why they make no objection when Toto becomes magistrate, which he does for several months.  Arfrica is visited again in The Three Imps of Oz.  It is not clear why this late in time, Arfrica is still using a money-based economy, or why Toto doesn't phase it out, as it's been in the rest of Oz.


Dating: The narrative runs three months, starting on midsummer's night June 24th, and ending three months later (page 147, in the 2006 edition) in late September or early October.


Great Book of Records: As per this account, all matters that are pertinent to Oz appear in red in Glinda's Great Book of Records.  It may be that Glinda can choose the way information comes forth, and that this is but one of several methods.


Lunarr: Although not on the Mainline Timeline, Lunarr appears again in Lunarr and Maureen in Oz.


Peter: Although the narrative hints that the boy Peter may be Peter Brown from Ruth Plumly Thompson stories, "The Two Peters" indicates that that's not possible.  Based on the latter story, it appears that the elderly Peter's wish comes to pass and his grandson gets to visit Oz for a time.


Transformations: When battling the enchanted Nalexan the Necromancer, the Wizard is said to use a "Magic Word of Transformation (p. 141 in the 2006 edition), which is likely Pyrzqxgl, which first appeared in The Magic of Oz.  See that entry for more information on Pyrzqxgl.






The Enchanted Gnome of Oz

Story: At the base of North and South Mountains, situated between the two Yellow Brick Roads in the Munchkin Country, lies the caves of the Goblin Gorge, home of the orange Goblins, a race who are distant cousin to the gnomes.  The elderly goblins live in the caves of the North Mountain, while the younger mischievous ones live in the South Mountain, where they're watched over by the Goblin nanny, Nongob.  Forty years ago, a noise started to grow underground that has since gotten worse, and driven the Goblin King HobGoblin to distraction. 


One day, the king's Wise Advisor Red Eye tells King HobGoblin that the noise has stopped.  Overjoyed, the king makes a speech promising his subjects will now see a new king who won't neglect them, but at the celebration that follows, Red Eye finds a note from the king that shows he meant it literally, as he's retiring.  Nangob, meanwhile, is besides herself trying to find two missing goblin children.


Red Eye summons the Ancient Black Goblin Gorlak, who is feared because of his demonic appearance.  He is known as the Mischief Magician, though his powers are scant.  As per the Royal Law Book, Red Eye is the new Goblin King.  Nangob arrives to announce she'd found the missing children, who'd gone into the Emerald City to get a Christmas present for the king.  This disturbs them as Goblins don't venture into the Emerald City and because Goblin holidays include Halloween and April Fools, not Christmas.  Nongob then announces her retirement as well, and leaves them with a grey cactus, the present the children had brought.  The children explain that a mole had told them she knew where the noise was coming from and could lead them there.  Determined to bring the source of the king's distress to him, they were led to the Royal Conservatory, where they found the cactus by itself, the noise emanating from its roots.


Scanning the book The Underworld Magician's Handbook to Unsolved Mysteries and Courses of Transformations, Gorlak discovers that the cactus is under an Elf transformation.  The cactus then begins to spell a word: Ruggedo.  Recalling that it had been 80 years since Roquat first encountered Ozma and lost his Magic Belt, Red Eye orders Gorlak not to disenchant Ruggedo, knowing Ozma would punish them if they did, and that Kaliko has been Nome King for 70 years.  But when Red Eye leaves to announce the king's departure and his ascension to the throne, Gorlak heads to his underground cliffside home by the Cavern Sea with the cactus and a picture of Ruggedo (in a family album) that is necessary to disenchant him.  On an island in the Cavern Sea lives a hermit, and far across the sea lies the Land of the Ogres, who the Goblins don't get along with.  Gorlak follows the instructions and makes a concoction, and before long transfers the essence of Ruggedo into the picture.  He then pulls the Nome out of the picture.  Ruggedo is happy to be free, but Gorlak demands payment in the form of help finding the Magic Lamp, which will grant him three wishes.  Assuring Ruggedo he has no interest in conquest, he leads the former Nome King to the Quartz Maze where it's hidden. 


Years before Ruggedo was turned into a cactus, one of the Blue Witches, who had been cast out for having fallen in love with a homely king, came seeking Goblin magic, which her clan had deceived her into believing was the most potent of all magic.  Thinking the Mischief Magician could grant her a love spell, she brings a Magic Lamp, which she had already used, as trade.  But once there, she hears from other Goblins that he has no real power, and decides to test him first.  King HobGoblin suggested she hide the lamp in the Quartz Maze, which she does, using string tied to a rock so she could find her way back out.  But when she passed by the Ice Pit, Gorlak surprised her and pushed her in.  Despite an in-depth search, however, he's unable to find where she hid the Magic Lamp and is convinced she must have turned it into a rock. 


Rock magic is no difficulty for Ruggedo, who enters the maze to find the lamp, but the Black Goblin warns him that if he doesn't find it, he won't be coming back out.  The Nome searches but discovers no enchanted rocks.  Nearly despairing, he discovers that hanging upon a ledge of ice within the Ice Pit sits the Magic Lamp.  But when he tries to retrieve it, he falls in, and just barely stops himself.  He calls out to Gorlak, who demands he hand him the lamp.  Ruggedo tries to first wish upon it, but nothing happens, so he hands the Goblin the lamp.  With no further use of him, the Goblin magician grabs his hand and then drops him into the pit!


Ruggedo falls for some time until the pit becomes an incline that emerges in a lighted cavern, where he discovers a land of living icicles.  General Sickler tells him that for unlawfully entering Ice Sickle City, he must be ice-packed!  Ruggedo is brought into the giant cavern, and sees igloo-houses and streets like ice-skating rinks, where the inhabitants' favorite sport includes chopping off each other's heads with their sickle arms.  Although their heads can be replaced with new ice ones, Ruggedo knows his head won't easily be replaced.  He then sees the result of two formerly ice-packed victims, the witch who Gorlak had pushed down the pit, and who'd tried to turn them into ice cubes, and a small dragon who'd tried to melt them.  When Ruggedo likens their city to one that polar bears would like, his captor stiffens and scolds him for using those words.  Sensing he'd hit a nerve, he continues to say "polar bear" until his captor and the others roll over in terror and flee. 


Ruggedo pushes over the ice-packed sculptures of the witch and dragon, bringing them both to life.  While she thaws out and they prepare to depart on the blue dragon's back, a gigantic polar bear comes roaring out, followed by an army of hundreds of Ice Sicklers.  General Sickler tells them they've awoken from hibernation the King of Ice Sickle City!  When the Polar Bear King threatens to punish them, Ruggedo jumps on the dragon's back, and the dragon picks up the witch by the belt around her waist.  They barely escape the blows of the giant polar bear king when Ruggedo spots something and tells the dragon to fly above the fountain.  There, he snatches a Magical Ice Circlet.  Without it, it begins to rain, and the city and its inhabitants start to melt.  General Sickler pleads to his king to save them, but there's nothing he can do, and he melts away.  The Polar Bear King explains that he needs the Magical Ice Circlet, which has kept the city frozen for a hundred years since he first fell down a hole into the cavern.  Now, without ice or companionship he says he'll suffer endlessly in a pool of water.  Ruggedo heartlessly refuses to pay heed, and flies off upon the dragon up through a hole in the cavern ceiling. 


Once on the surface of the Munchkin Country, Ruggedo tells the dragon and witch they're going to help him conquer Oz and turn it into an ice city with the Magical Ice Circlet.  The witch says she'll do no such thing, but the dragon is curious to hear Ruggedo's story. Ruggedo proceeds to regale them with all the injustices he suffered at the hands of the Oz people.  The dragon can't remember much of his past, and only barely recalls his name is Wunch.  The witch says her name is Belinda and she once lived in a hut in the Gillikin Country until she was betrayed by the very same Black Goblin who threw Ruggedo down the pit.  She recalls being in love with a Gillikin king who didn't love her back.  The dragon too recalls a Gillikin king, but she doesn't remember him having a dragon of the court, just a red cat.  Ruggedo informs her that the king she's speaking of left Oz years ago, after which Mombi ruled for a time until she was defeated by the Good Witch of the North.  When it was discovered years later that the Good Witch was really the lost and enchanted Queen of the Munchkins, Ozma appointed a mountain king as ruler of the Gillikins (The Giant Horse of Oz).  Ruggedo offers his help in finding the former Gillikin King if she'll aid him in conquering Oz.  She agrees.  Curious, Ruggedo inquires why her powers are so limited.  Reluctantly, she explains that her powers had been taken away from her when she was younger.  She then left home and went to live with the Blue Witches, but Blue Magic is not terribly strong.


Examining the circlet, Belinda discovers that it has three buttons which each spell out what it can do: ice, sleet, and snow.  Ruggedo gets an idea.  Knowing the power only works when it touches water, he determines to place the circlet in the Forbidden Fountain and have it produce snow, which will make everyone forget who they are.  With Belinda's magic, only the three of them will be immune to its effects.  That night, while Belinda digs a trench around the circlet, Wunch tells her she's beautiful, but she tells him that her father said so too, but also said she was ugly on the inside.  The dragon reasons that anyone can change, but she counters that the past can't be.  When Ruggedo returns with wood for the fire, she casts her spell, and causes a circle of blue magic fire to surround the Magical Ice Circlet. After chanting, blue smoke suddenly courses out and into their lungs.  After their coughing subsides, she explains they'll now be immune to the magic.  Wunch wonders why he feels so sad, and Ruggedo too says he feels weak, but Belinda explains that Blue Magic is a depressant magic, but that it should wear off in time. 


Upon Wunch's back they fly west to the Emerald City, where they notice that all the colors of Oz are represented.  Ruggedo remembers that it's Christmas Eve, amused that they're about to get a white Christmas.  He directs the dragon to a secluded garden not far from the Royal Conservatory where the Fountain of Oblivion is kept.  Wunch is entranced by the beauty of the Emerald City, but Ruggedo scolds him, suggesting he might destroy and rebuild it as a city of rocks and coals.  They spot Santa Claus leaving upon his reindeer and settle down in the garden.  Recalling how hungry he is, Wunch begins eating grass.  Belinda follows suit and grabs some apples from a nearby tree.  Ruggedo also realizes how hungry and tired he is, and decides they'll sleep for awhile first.


With the residents of the Palace fast asleep, Eureka the Pink Kitten gets up and goes about her nocturnal activities, eventually entering the Palace Gardens, where she smells something awry.  Spotting someone snoring near the Forbidden Fountain, seeing a tail, and assuming it's the Glass Cat's, she pounces, only to terrify herself and Wunch the dragon!  Ruggedo wakes up and tries to catch her, but Belinda does.  Ruggedo tosses her in the Fountain of Oblivion.  Unhappy to see her suffering, Wunch helps her out, but the cat has no longer any memories of who she is.  Ruggedo then puts the Magical Ice Circlet in the Fountain, and a blue mist shoots out of the Fountain to the sky, where magical clouds begin to form.


Dorothy and Toto wake up early to see what gifts Santa left them, and run into Jellia Jamb who tells them she had another nightmare that she was in a strange country and didn't know who or where she was.  Dorothy thinks it's because the Forbidden Fountain is too close to the Palace and Jellia agrees, hoping Dorothy will speak to Ozma about it.  They run into Eureka, who proclaims that her name is Pinky.  Thinking she's being mischievous they ignore her and greet Aunt Em and Uncle Henry, Trot, Betsy, Betsy's parents and her doll Pearl, Trot's mother, Cap'n Bill, Button-Bright, Ojo, Ojo's parents, Jack Pumpkinhead, Tik-Tok, the Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger, Billina, the Shaggy Man and his brother, Professor Wogglebug, Pastoria, and Ozma. The Wizard then comes downstairs to show everyone that it's snowing blue snow!  But as they head out to the snow to play with others already out there playing, they suddenly start to feel either sick or depressed.  Just then, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman come forward carrying Ruggedo, who they caught hiding behind the Palace wall.  He acknowledges his plot, but is stymied by what went wrong, explaining that they were supposed to forget who they are. When asked how he escaped, he admits his distant cousins the Goblins had freed him from the cactus form. 


Suddenly, Belinda, atop Wunch comes flying across the lawn, an opportunity Ruggedo takes to escape.  The Wizard tries some magic, but can't remember the words.  Belinda then conjures up a blizzard that throws everyone about. Jellia gets Ozma the Magic Belt, but Ozma can't think of the word "wish," and Ruggedo comes for it.  The Soldier with the Green Whiskers, Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger then pounce on him.  Under Belinda's orders, the dragon grabs Ozma and flies her to the top of the Wizard's tower, then takes the Magic Belt and brings it to Ruggedo who clasps it on. 


Wunch starts to doubt he's doing the right thing, and his impression isn't improved by the way Ruggedo speaks to Ozma when he wishes them all into the throne room, declaring himself King of Oz.  Summoning up some of the anger that Tip once had, Ozma hurls her scepter at Ruggedo's head.  Wunch and Belinda decide it's time to leave and fly off.  Ozma can't remove the Belt from Ruggedo's body, and realizes he'd wished it on himself.  When the Nome regains consciousness, he wishes Ozma to be nothing and him to become famed as the coldest king Oz has ever known.  She disappears and he plots his next move.


Belinda directs Wunch to the old Gillikin castle where once lived King Gil.  The red cat Tarts greets her and asks where she's been all these years.  She tells her story and asks what became of King Gil.  The cat tells her he went searching for his true love: her!  Shocked, she asks why he didn't show it.  Wunch, meanwhile, smells a sweet cinnamon aroma and ventures into the castle.  Once Tarts is sure he doesn't eat cats, she explains that the apple-cinnamon smell comes from her.  Wunch remembers his grandmother baking them.  Tarts explains that during the time the East and West Witches ruled their lands, Mombi was anxious to rule the north.  King Gil had ruled it for many years, however, and did not respond to her threats, and Tarts expects that she might have planned to destroy him.  But after leaving her home amongst the Blue Witches, Belinda moved in nearby, and ran into the king.  The two fell in love, but when Mombi discovered it, she knew that his having a wife would be a threat to her plans, and she warned the king that the Wicked Witches of the East and West would destroy them both, as marriage between a mortal and a witch was prohibited then.  King Gil was, thus, forced to keep his distance.  When Belinda departed to visit the Blue Witches who told her she could procure a powerful love potion from the Black Goblin, King Gil learned from a squirrel where she'd gone and went after her, telling his staff he'd gone on a hunting trip.  It was the last time Tarts ever saw him, and soon after Mombi declared herself Ruler of the North.


The trio head out for the Blue Cave, where the Blue Witches live, to find out what happened.  There they find only the witch Blind Woebegone.  Her sisters had all died in a sudden rainstorm while crossing the Inland Desert on their way to buy hallucination magic on the Blue Oasis.  When asked about the king, she tries to threaten Belinda, calling her a Quadling Princess, but she has no powers left due to the effects of the Blue Snow.  Forced to tell the truth, she and her sisters had tricked the king into entering the Forbidden Blue Passage.  Worried he's lost forever, Belinda goes into the tunnel.  Wunch and Tarts follow.  They all pass into the Blue Door of Light, and she warns them that strange things will happen.  Belinda begins having visions or memories of fighting with her parents and sister.  The dragon and cat experience unpleasant things as well.


Returning from her trip to the Burzee the night before, Glinda awakens Christmas Day to discover in her Great Book of Records all the terrible things that had happened earlier.  She tries to use a ruby necklace to transport to the Emerald City, but the words to her spell won't work.  None will.  Preparing her Swan Chariot she heads to the Palace, but the blizzard that Belinda had summoned knocks her out of the chariot onto a snowy mountainous incline in the Munchkin Country.  Unaware, the swans fly on without her.  She is found unconscious by the Guardian Goblin who announces to Red Eye that he found someone to replace Nangob.  But upon seeing Glinda, the new King of the Goblins realizes who it is and thinks she's come to punish them for releasing Ruggedo.  When she wakens, he begs her forgiveness and explains that the cactus was brought there by mistake, and that it was the Ancient Black Goblin who disenchanted Ruggedo.  She assures him she won't punish him, but she needs the aid of the foolish Mischief Magician who caused this.  Red Eye leads her to his lair. 


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, Ruggedo turns Dorothy into a sycophant, the Wizard into a nut, which he crushes, and makes Henry and Em mute.  When the Lion and Tiger attack him, he places Kaliko in his seat, so that they do damage to him instead by mistake. 


In Goblin Gorge, Glinda and Red Eye come upon the Ancient Black Goblin weeping for his foolishness.  He admits he disenchanted Ruggedo so that he could get his hands on the Magic Lamp in order to have some powers to prove to the Goblins that he was more than just a poor and weak Mischief Magician. Glinda looks at the object and tells him that it's only an ordinary lamp.  He had been fooled.  She tells Gorlak that true magic comes not from objects, but inner confidence.  She hopes he's learned his lesson, and tells him that although magic is prohibited in Oz, he may petition for a license if he can prove himself.  She explains the dilemma with Ruggedo, and he agrees, showing her a shortcut tunnel that had been blocked years ago, which leads to underground passages that connect to the old tunnel the Nomes had used to invade Oz. 


As the passageway turns blue, the two Goblins start to smell something delicious and race after it.  Glinda follows, only to discover a cat and a dragon.  They each wonder what the other is doing there when suddenly Belinda appears in the form of a haggard Blue Witch.  Calling herself Bertha, she introduces the others and explains they're looking for the lost King Gil of the Gillikins.  Gorlak recalls the witch who'd been in love with this same king years before, but Bertha says nothing.  Glinda tells her that King Gil Iken is not there, but she can later help her find him.  She requests their help to stop Ruggedo from conquering Oz.  "Bertha" thinks it over, astonished by this turn of events, and agrees to help.  Heading to the old Nome tunnel, Belinda tells them her plan for stopping him.  At its end, they come up through a plug in the garden of the Palace, near the Forbidden Fountain, where Glinda sees where the origin of the Blue Snow is.  Bertha and Wunch look ashamed, but say nothing.  Eureka suddenly appears with a cricket in his paw.  Glinda scolds him, but the cat has no memory of anything or anyone, and she realizes he's been enchanted.  The pink kitten informs them that a wildman's been enchanting everyone in the Palace.


After Ruggedo strangles Pastoria and wishes Button-Bright lost, he smells an enticing aroma, and literally floats after it out the window into the gardens by the Fountain of Oblivion.  Tarts attacks him, but with a wish the creature is put in a glass wall.  He then sees "Bertha," who demands the Magic Belt.  Before he can act, a large black dragon picks him and squeezes his head while trying to get the Belt off, but to no avail, as they realize he'd wished it on.  Glinda encourages Gorlak, who then transports the Wizard of Oz to their location.  Recognizing that the Blue Witch is the source of his problems, and the reason it's stopped snowing, Ruggedo wishes a bucket of water from the Fountain of Oblivion to douse her.  Belinda then melts into a puddle.  Enraged, the dragon hurls Ruggedo against a tree, where he crumbles unconscious. 


Glinda urges the Wizard to do something, explaining she's lost her abilities, but he confesses he's lost his too!  She suggests a drastic action: severing Ruggedo's head!  But  the Nome has heard her, noting in horror that that only happens in Wonderland!  He causes the opening in the hillside where the Goblins are hiding to cave-in, and then decides to send the Wizard and Glinda to the Great Outside World.  But before he wishes it, Wunch has found the Magical Ice Circlet.  Setting it to ice, he refills the bucket, pours it over Ruggedo's head, and slams the circlet on his head.  In an instant, the Nome is turned to ice! 


Remembering the fate of Belinda, Wunch sheds a tear over the puddle that was once her.  Suddenly, the substance materializes into the form of a youthful Belinda in a ruby-embossed gown!  Glinda is shocked to see that it's her sister!  Having not seen Belinda in over eighty years, Glinda is stunned, but her sister is grief-stricken that no one came to find her after their father stripped her of magic.  But Glinda reminds her that it was she who called herself Belinda the Bad, and that their father did that only because she'd cursed them, demanded the Quadling throne, and threatened to destroy all of them if they didn't comply.  In the years that followed, Glinda looked for her in the Magic Picture, but it revealed only a crystal scene, and she assumed she'd been melted down due to her hate. Belinda acknowledges that Glinda was the eldest and had the right to the throne.  She asks for forgiveness, but Glinda says all that matters is that they love one another.


Gorlak returns to thank Glinda for giving him the encouragement he needed.  With it, he frees Tarts, and switches the Magic Belt with his own, and then restores everyone else's magic.  When Belinda sees him, however, she recalls the evil deed he did to her, but says she'll forgive him for the help he gave her sister.  He accepts it and admits what he'd done was wrong.  She forgives him, acknowledging she'd done some bad things as well, including helping Ruggedo.  He gives the Belt to the Wizard and tells Glinda he promises not to practice magic unless authorized by her.  Red Eye tells him that he is now the official Mischief Magician of the Goblin Court, and also one of his Wise Advisors. 


Before they return to the Palace to try and fix everything, Tarts gives them Ruggedo's crown, which had fallen off, and which has all the symbols of his past (and present) enchantment engraved upon it, including a nut, a jug and a cactus. Once inside, the Wizard disenchants everyone, and introduces them to Belinda and Wunch, who he says have been reformed, helped stop Ruggedo, and that the witch is Glinda's sister, which surprises everyone. 


After returning Kaliko to his kingdom, the Wizard brings forth a new invention that he calls a Magical Hologram Recorder, a combination of magic and science, it records events that happen in each of the four quadrants in detail, and can play them back when requested.  The Wizard plays back Ruggedo's enchantment of Ozma, noting he wished her to become nothing.  Because fairies can't be destroyed or turned into nothing in Oz, he actually wished her to become a nut-thing, and points to the etching of the nut on Ruggedo's crown.  Despite this, neither Glinda, the Wizard, or Gorlak's magic works.  Belinda realizes they must use love, and asks everyone to hold hands, recalling to Glinda's memory that her father put a clause in his spell on her that if she should reform she would get her magic back.  Love proves to be the answer, and Ozma returns, proclaiming this the greatest Christmas gift she's ever gotten.  Button Bright is wished back from Mo, and Ozma is brought up to speed.  


Belinda asks the Wizard if his device could locate King Gil, but he acknowledges that it only began recording recently when he invented it.  He asks where the king was lost, and she tells him of the Forbidden Blue Passage in the Blue.  He recalls that the magic there transforms those who pass through it once in a blue moon.  She herself had been turned into a Blue Witch.  Jack Pumpkinhead reasons that if love could work to bring Ozma and her back, it could restore Gil. The Wizard suspects that Wunch is King Gil.  Belinda kisses the bashful dragon who disenchants into King Gil.  They embrace and kiss, and Tarts is overjoyed to see him, but the youthful king has no memory of what happened to him, or his time as the dragon Wunch (which derived from his middle name Munch), though he's happy to know he was a good dragon.  While everyone begins telling him the story, Jack decides to just play for him the events on the Wizard's device, but in so doing he accidentally knocks it over, breaking the machine which the Wizard won't be able to repair for another fifty years. King Gil then proposes to Belinda.


The wedding is held that day, with the Wizard inviting anyone who might attend by means of his magic Speedy Messenger.  They plan to honeymoon in Magic Valley, after which they'll return to his castle.  As he has no desire to rule the Gillikin Country, he's happy to be subject to Joe King.  Since there is no Good Witch of the North, Ozma invites Belinda to serve in this role, which she accepts.  As they ponder what to do with Ruggedo, Belinda reminds them there is a polar bear suffering in a flooded cavern beneath the Munchkin Country.  That reminds the Wizard what Jinnicky once told him of a community of giant polar bears called Igloo City because they live inside a huge igloo kept perpetually frozen by three magical objects of ice until many years ago when a polar bear prince ran away with one of them.  They reason that this one must have gotten to Oz and started Ice Sickle City.  They determine to send the suffering polar bear and Ruggedo ice sculpture to this place.  Belinda hopes that if he ever does disenchant again that he'll make better choices like she did, and her husband calls her Belinda the Benevolent.  After the Goblins return home, they find Nangob has returned, realizing troll children are even wilder than Goblins. 


When Eureka comes by, Belinda reveals what happened, and with the Magic Belt, her memory is restored her. Also, Glinda takes the liberty of placing an invisible barrier around the Forbidden Fountain so that none but the Wizard, Ozma, or her can enter it unsupervised.  Dorothy is relieved.  The next day, Ruggedo is transported along with the polar bear to Igloo City in Ev, where the polar bears place the Ruggedo statue at the center of their town.


Continuity notes:

Belinda: Belinda is a Quadling princess and the first of two younger sisters of Glinda.  The other is Fabia, from Cory in Oz.  Though not stated in the story, her mother is Gayelette, though her father is still uncertain.  She grew angry, jealous and belligerent, especially when Glinda assumed the rule of the Quadlings in 1820, at which point she threatened her family and identified herself as Belinda the Bad.  Her father then stripped her of her magic, with the caveat that if she ever repented she would regain her powers.  Belinda left to join the Blue Witches in the Munchkin Country and learn their magic.  Twenty years later, she moved to the Gillikin Country, where she met King Gil Iken, ruler of the Gillikin Country, and in time fell in love with him.  But Mombi, then seeking to become ruler of the Gillikins, discovered their relationship, and warned the king that the Wicked Witches of the East and West would destroy them both if they discovered a liaison between them, as marriages between mortals and witches were prohibited at that time.  King Gil avoided seeing Belinda, who grew despairing.  Returning to the Blue Cave to seek the counsel of the Blue Witches, they deceived her by telling her the magic of the Goblins is stronger than any, and she departed for Goblin Gorge to procure a love potion from the Mischief Magician.  Once there, however, she overhears that the Ancient Black Goblin has no real power, and devises a test.  Feigning to have a Magic Lamp that can grant wishes, she goes before King HobGoblin who tells her to hide it in the Quartz Maze.  She goes to hide it, but Gorlak, the Black Goblin follows her, and when she passes by the Ice Pit, he pushes her in.  His attempts to find the lamp go in vain, however, as she's left it on a shelf just below the Ice Pit.  She falls into Ice Sickle City, where the Polar Bear King has his subjects ice-pack her.  She becomes an ice sculpture for 142 years until a disenchanted Ruggedo rescues her and the dragon Wunch.  That Belinda melts when Ruggedo later pours water over her is a puzzle.  As Gaylette's daughter, she'd have the natural longevity granted the family by Lurline, however, that might have been taken away by her father when he took away her powers, and would only have returned when she renounced her wicked ways.  Thus, the water punishment for wicked witches appears to be a law that exceeds that of Oz's naturally-granting immortality, though it may only apply to wicked witches who've grown older than a natural life would be, and who were alive prior to Lurline's enchantment of Oz in 1743.


Blue Cave and the Forbidden Blue Passage: The Forbidden Blue Passage, an underground tunnel beneath Oz, located between the Blue Cave in the Munchkin Country, and the tunnel of the Nomes connecting to the Emerald City.  It has the unusual ability to occasionally transform those who pass through it once, though often it only gives visions.  The tunnel leads to a series of underground passageways, caverns and dens (as shown in The Ork in Oz), including Ice Sickle City.


Blue Magic: Blue magic is defined here as a depressant form of magic, but one that cannot work transformations, or harm anyone physically.  This is the primary magic of the Blue Witches of Blue Cave, as well as any witch functioning in the Munchkin Country.  Magic users who wish to employ other powers have to learn magic from the other quadrants, or from outside Oz.


Blue Snow: Apart from causing whoever touches it to feel unwell or depressed, the Blue Snow generated from the Forbidden Fountain by the Magical Ice Circlet, also stops magic users from practicing magic, figuratively freezing their thoughts when they try to recall spells and magic phrases.  The depression also causes them to behave unlike themselves, so that Ozma uses violence on Ruggedo, Omby Amby feeds emerald pellets into his rifle to shoot Ruggedo, and Glinda even suggests chopping off the Nome's head!!  All this and more can be accounted for as a result of the Blue Snow.


Dating: Takes place on Christmas Eve and Day, shortly after The Ozmapolitan of Oz, and likely that same year in 1984, as it's noted that it's been eighty years since Ruggedo first encountered Ozma and lost his Magic Belt (which occurred in 1902).


Historian Errors: Due to the fact that The Enchanted Gnome of Oz was composed in 1988, there are a few errors that have since crept in which could not have been unaccounted for. For example, it takes into account the events of the book Mister Flint in Oz, which other authors did not take into account as.  Similarly, The Royal Timeline of Oz does not consider that story as having taken place in the Mainline Timeline.  In order to preserve this story in continuity, any reference to the history presented in the latter story must be considered historian error.  This includes the existence of Ozette, who was supposed to be Ozma's mother (current research is looking into the possibility that this is Queen Cordia from The Astonishing Tale of the Gump in Oz).  The author also presents Button-Bright as a very young child, and treats snow as if the majority of Ozites had never before seen it.  As most of these errors occur over the course of a few paragraphs in Chapter 11, 16, and 19, these mentions should be considered non-canonical.  The Wizard also tells Belinda that King Gil Iken vanished during his reign, but the Wizard is incorrect, as Mombi was deposed before he came to Oz (in 1871), and other evidence shows that she became ruler of the North in 1843, a short time after King Gil would have vanished.


King Gil Munch Iken: Though only hinted at in the text, the former ruler of the Gillikins appears to be the King of Gilkenny, as this land had been the ruling kingdom in the region for years.  However, he cannot be King Gil, father of Princess Orin.  The King Gil of this story had left his kingdom around 1842 or 1843 to go in search of Belinda, who he'd been told had returned to the Blue Witches of Blue Cave in the Munchkin Country.  There, they tricked the king into the Forbidden Blue Passage, where he was transformed into a small dragon and forgot his past.  Believing himself to be the blue dragon Wunch, he followed the tunnel into the underground realm, eventually finding himself in Ice Sickle City, where he attempted and failed to melt the Ice Sicklers, who turned him into an ice sculpture.  He was freed by Ruggedo in 1984, but did not regain his true shape and form until Belinda kissed him in the Emerald City, at which point he forgot all of his time spent as the dragon Wunch.  This puts him out of commission for 141/2 years.  King Gil, Orin's father, was still ruling his kingdom in 1887 when Prince Cheeriobed came to ask for his daughter's hand in marriage.  It is, therefore, believed that Gil Munch Iken is the son of King Gil of Gilkenny, brother of Princess Orin.


Igloo City and Ice Sickle City: Within a giant igloo in the country of Ev is Igloo City, kept perpetually cold by three Magical Ice Circlets. There the giant polar bears live in peace until one day when a polar bear prince stole one of the circlets and left.  Finding himself in the Munchkin Country of Oz, the giant polar bear fell through a hole (possibly the Ice Pit the Quartz Maze) and landed in a giant cavern lake, fed by the water from a large fountain.  Setting the Magical Ice Circlet to ice, and placing it on the fountain, he create an environment he could live in, as well as creating the Ice Sicklers to keep him company.  This latter aspect appears to be outside the parameters of what the circlets can do, however, it may have been use in tandem with the Polar Bear King's own powers.  The cavern was henceforth known as Ice Sickle City.  Since Ruggedo took the Magical Ice Circlet, it has since reverted to its former state, and the Ice Sicklers are no more.  The ice sculpture of Ruggedo came to stand in the center of Igloo City for some time until he was disenchanted again.


Uncommon Guests: There are several Christmas guests that readers don't often see at the Palace.  These include Betsy's parents and her doll Pearl, as well as the Lively Fire, whose stories were first told in Betsy Bobbin of Oz, and Trot's mother, who was first shown in Oz in The Gardener's Boy of Oz, then left Oz, and returned probably shortly after The Magic Umbrella of Oz.  Other uncommon guests are the Shaggy Man's brother, who as in The Magic Bowls of Oz, is named Ichabod, which has been retconned as being his given name, which he never cared for and later changed to Daniel by the time of The Emerald Mountain of Oz.  Ozma's "mother" Ozette is mentioned, as well, but this is currently considered a historian error.  See that note for more info.






Cory in Oz

Story: After school, twelve year old Cory Marcus runs back to her Sixth-grade class after discovering she left her homework there, knowing her teacher Miss Crimp would not be pleased.  But when she enters the classroom, she discovers chalk, papers and books, all magically moving about!  Miss Crimp catches her and attempts to mind-wipe her, but it fails to work, and she suspects that she must be a witch too!  Realizing what her teacher is, Cory wants to learn more.  To test her, Miss Crimp shows her a simple movement spell and asks her to replicate it.  Cory does and even surpasses it.  The girl explains that her parents died when she was an infant, leaving her and her brother Mike.  Miss Crimp makes her promise to keep quiet and agrees to teach her White Magic after class every day.


At home, Mike's wife Marla eyes the unusually happy Cory suspiciously and reminds her to do the dishes while she goes to watch TV.  Cory tries her newly learned spell, but when the dishes grow wings and start flying about, they crash into the chandelier before she remembers the counter-spell.  Marla flies into a rage, making Cory wish she lived somewhere else.  The next day after school, Miss Crimp teachers her a spell to repair broken things and do housework, but tells Cory she must not use them while others are at home.  When Cory returns home, she uses the spells, remembering to do the counterspell before Mike and Marla come home from work. 


The next day, Miss Crimp tells her that she intends to return to her country of birth, the Quadling Country of Oz.  Her father was a scientist, and her mother a good witch.  One day, her mother overheard strangers talking about conquering Glinda for Ruggedo, and she went off to inform her.  Glinda turned Ruggedo and Nomes into lizards.  A few years later, she was born, but when she turned five, Ruggedo broke the enchantment and put three curses on her family: he turned them ugly, removed their magic, and transported them to the Outside World.  For some reason, however, her father never arrived, and despite years of searching, they were unable to find him.  Her mother had been holding a book on Green Magic when Ruggedo cursed them, so they were able to relearn some spells.  Now, with Cory's help they believe they can finally return.  Miss Crimp takes Cory to meet her mother, and warns her that her appearance is hideous, and when Cory enters their home she sees a what looks like a giant toad in a dress.  Despite this, Cory comes to like Hermoza, who tells her that her daughter's real name is Ozalie, and they agree to leave at the start of summer vacation in six weeks.


Six weeks later, after practicing hard every day on the spell that will transport them to Oz, Cory gathers some things for the trip, including clothes, food, a diary, her piggy-bank and teddy bear.  Cory says a guarded goodbye to her brother and joins Ozalie and Hermoza in their home, where she recites the spell and drinks a magic potion.  Suddenly, they fly off!


Meanwhile, in the Nome Kingdom, Ruggedo's younger brother Fumaro has usurped the throne from Kaliko and imprisoned him, while irritating the Nomes by throwing frequent temper tantrums.  His latest is a fit over something that smells like rotten eggs.  His scientist Grotch determines to use his new machine to locate the source of the stink.  It informs him that it's a substance from the earth's core called nauzeon gas.  Grotch proposes they use it to build a flying ship since its lighter than air.  Fumaro envisions invading Oz, punishing them for leaving Ruggedo a ragged wanderer, and restoring Ruggedo. Grotch, however, plots to get rid of Fumaro. 


The three female travelers pass through Limbo and land in a body of white water, which bleaches them like statues.  They make their way to a snow-covered shore with square-shaped white buildings.  An albino named Blanco lets them into his purification factory where they see other albinos working to remove all the color from the meat, fruits and vegetables they eat.  In Kromofoabia, they believe colors are evil; even the words are forbidden to speak.  Blanco proclaims their eye colors sinister and insists on bleaching them, but Ozalie tells him they don't intend to stay, and says they like colors.  Blanco calls them sinners and perverts who must be purified.  He forces them into the medical room, where he tries to inject a hypodermic needle into Cory's eyes.  Hermoza casts a spell, turning him and his guards into ice, which Cory accidentally knocks over and shatters.


Making a magical hole in the door, they start to escape when the workers ask for help.  With a magic word, Cory breaks the chains of all 30, and they make a run for it.  The Kromofoabians pursue, but Hermoza gives Cory a magic word which creates a whirlwind, pushing them into the Purification Pond.  Hermoza then notices Cory's backpack bouncing, and upon opening it, Cory's teddy bear and piggy bank pop their heads out and begin complaining about each other.  Ozalie explains to the astonished girl that while real animals can talk in Oz, toy ones don't usually do so unless they've been sprinkled with the Powder of Life.  They also wonder why they haven't returned to their original forms.


Corry introduces them to Dorge, her stuffed bear, who wonders why they're all so ugly and white, and Xerxes, the piggy bank.  Realizing they're in the Munchkin Country, they eat and set off into the Blue Forest, where Cory finds a large egg who asks for help getting out of its shell.  With magic, Cory bores two holes, allowing the yellow-furred creature to see.  He decides to stay in his shell for a little longer and accompany Cory.  She carries him in her knapsack while Dorge and Xerxes walk besides her.  Coming across the rescued workers playing, they explain they were Munchkin farmers.  The Kromofoabians captured and forced them to work in the factory.  Anxious that their families will think they're ghosts, Hermoza has them hold hands, while she, Ozalie and Cory whisper a magic word nine times.  The restored Munchkins joyfully return to their homes, pointing the way to the Quadling Country.


As night falls, the travelers grow concerned that their magic isn't strong enough to craft a shelter, and they soon begin hearing growls in the dark.  Following a distant light, they come to a giant oak tree with a lantern hanging on a bough and a stairway cut into the tree spiraling up to a door at the top.  They reach it just as a creature comes banging upon the closed door.  Suddenly, through a window bursts a Kalidah!


In the Nome Kingdom, the gnomes have prepared a spider-web bag that Grotch fills with nauzeon.  A steering wheel, propeller and rudder are attached to the basket.  Impressed, but skeptical, Fumaro names the ship the Avenger.  When they take it up the next day, however, the fumes from the nauzeon and the Deadly Desert knock the gnomes out, recovering just in time to save them from landing on the Desert itself, as they fly over the Munchkin Country.


As the Kalidah prepares to take a bite out of Cory, her color and medicinal spell repel her.  Crying because she won't be able to feed her kittens, Ozalie offers their sandwiches, which she gulps down, hungry herself.  She explains that as a smaller Kalidah, she's forced to forage for whatever the other Kalidahs don't want.  Suddenly noticing that in the room with them is a Wishing Basket, they order a meal for each of them.  Content that she now has food for herself and her kittens, the Kalidah departs.  Ozalie asks the basket who lives in the tree, and it produces a paper saying it's Vago the Hermit, whose had an accident and is in need of help.


After breakfast the next morning, they set off to rescue Vago, with the help of a slip of paper showing them where to find him.  They're greeted by the Kalidah who has her kittens with her.  She's determined to leave the forest and get away from the stronger, more ferocious animals.  Hermoza invites them to join them, and as she's desirous of an education for her kittens, she agrees, introducing herself as Felina.  Dorge, Xerxes and egg grow jealous of the weeks-old kittens, but Cory reassures them. 


When they see the Avenger fly overhead with angry looking Nomes, they determine to warn the Wizard, but their magic is yet weak. They soon come across a prostrate man in a pit.  Although he looks like a dirty tramp, Hermoza is sure he's Eleozar, her lost husband!   Finding a long log, they try to get him out, but he's too heavy.  Felina, however, is able to drag him out.  When he awakens, he has no memory of having married, let alone a frog, and believes his name is Vago.  Paying him no mind, Hermoza leads them all back to the tree, hoping the Wishing Basket can transport them to the Emerald City.  En route, Cory asks about Dorothy, but the last thing they remember is that she returned to her home in Kansas.  Reaching the tree, Hermoza inquires of the Wishing Basket, which informs her that its magic doesn't expend past the tree house, so he cannot warn the Wizard, who placed him there to help travelers.  He recommends they take Vago, and sends them a flying vessel for their use.


As the Avenger approaches the Emerald City, a wind blows them off course into the Quadling Country, where Grotch convinces Fumaro to conquer Glinda instead.  Once over Glinda's park, Grotch goes to let air out of the balloon, but it bursts open, and the Avenger crashes down to the tree tops, stranding them.  Sneaking into the back kitchen entrance, the Nomes secure the cooks and enter the hallway, where they soon spy Dorothy and the Cowardly Lion playing checkers.  With the Magic Belt on the chair behind her, Fumaro leaps for it, but before he can use it, Grotch leaps after him and seizes the Belt, transforming Fumaro into a pebble, which he puts in his pocket.  When Dorothy and Lion move to stop him, he turns them into red marbles and tosses them in his pocket.  Entering the throne room, where Glinda is engrossed in a book on sorcery, Grotch paralyzes her and announces himself King of the Gnomes and Quadling Country, promising to turn her into water and pour her in the Nonestic Ocean.


Provided with a magic flying quilt, they discover that it charges a fare.  Xerxes sacrifices himself so they can have the money, figuring they can mend him when their magic is working again.  With they money in the piggy-bank, they pay the fare. Cory secures the broken pieces and Xerxes' cracked face assures her he's fine.  The quilt grows and everyone gets on it.  Cory wishes for a railing and it produces one.  Egg then requests some more holes, out of which pop green wings or fins.  They discover that the magic quilt has followed the Nomes to Glinda's palace, where Cory is struck by its beauty.  They land and Hermoza leads them through a short-cut into the throne room.  Bursting in on Grotch, the egg flaps its wings and flies over to Grotch's head, causing him to explode into smoke!  Cory rushes over to the egg to discover it's burst open completely, and is a winged baby dinosaur (which is why his egg had a more powerful effect than that of hens or geese).  Glinda lets him know he can wish to grow older every year on his Hatch Day.  Content, the baby dinosaur calls himself Dinny and goes into Cory's shirt pocket.  When another Nome informs Glinda what happened to her friends, she searches the soot and finds the marbles.  With the Belt, she disenchants them.  The Nomes explain that they hated Fumaro, though Grotch was worse.  The promise to release Kaliko upon their return, so Glinda sends them back to Ev.  Fumaro, meanwhile, struggles to break out of the pebble, so Glinda puts it into a crystal vase, transforms it into water, and after casting an incantation, pours it into her fountain in the throne room.


Turning her attention to the visitors, Glinda is greeted by her old friend Hermoza, who she tried to find in the Great Book of Records, noting the impossibility of tracing events in the Land of Mortals.  Hermoza explains about Ruggedo's curse and the help that Cory gave them.  At last, Glinda restores Hermoza and Ozalie to their true forms, which is graceful and lovely, though the white color remains.  Searching through a magic tome, she discovers an ancient enchantment, and is able to restore them.  Then, with the help of the two women and Cory, Glinda attempts to return Vago's memory and form, and he transforms back into Eleozar.  He's surprised to find his young daughter has grown into a young woman, and that Ruggedo's now a wandering beggar.


Hearing Cory's story, Glinda determines to investigate Blanco and the Kromofoabians, who she notes have a right to their beliefs, but not to impose them on others.  Next, she address Felina, making her promise to never harm another soul again, while ensuring her that she and her kittens will always have good food to eat.  Also, they can attend classes at Professor Wogglebug's Academy.  Finally, Glinda informs Hermoza and Ozalie that Ozma is their queen and rightful ruler, and the one who'd banished Ruggedo.  To Dinny she gives a ruby crown.  Eleozar figures out he's a brontosaurus (once extinct) and the wings are a mutation. Glinda then prepares a feast for everyone.  Xerxes, however, is indignant that Cory forgot him, so she tries a repair spell, putting the piggy-bank back to normal.  Watching her, Glinda mentions that coming from the Land of Mortals, she shouldn't have magic powers.  Then she asks if her mother's name was Fabia.  When Cory says it was, Glinda says her younger sister was Fabia and had the same bank.  She'd fallen in love with a mortal and run away with him.  They had a son named Michael.  Dorge says he has a picture of her mother inside him and will allow Glinda to open him.  Cory searches inside him and pulls out the picture in a locket.  Glinda closes him back up and confirms that Cory's mother is her sister, making her Cory's aunt.  Also, Fabia can't be dead because she's a fairy from Oz.  The force of the accident transformed her into something else. 


Glinda invites Cory to live there, learn more magic, and become her apprentice.  Cory agrees, as do Dorge and Xerxes, but Glinda tells her to consider that she won't see Michael again.  Glinda then awards the two jealous toys awards for bravery, a ruby ring for Xerxes tails and a brooch for Dorge.  Cory asks him what he thinks, and he suggest they send Michael a note to let him know she's fine.  With Glinda's new teleportation ruby and crystal ball (a gift from Ozma).  The note goes through successfully, as does a small gold replica of Dorge. Dorothy and Cory become friends, as Glinda catches up Hermoza, Eleozar and Ozalie on events that transpired since they were away.  Dinny, meanwhile, stuffs himself and asks Cory if she'd be his mother.  She agrees and he happily falls asleep.  Dorothy invites Cory and her new family to join her and the Cowardly Lion on a tour of the Quadling Country.


Two days later, after several goodbyes, Cory and her three companions look through the Great Book of Records. Roza Rouge, one of Glinda's readers, tells Glinda there's no real news.  Glinda turns to an appendix called "Citizens of Oz in the Land of the Mortals" to look for Fabia, but it has no new information after her accident.  She asks the book why, and it writes back that it's being prevented.  Glinda then consults the crystal ball, and it blacks out.  Glinda tells Cory to prepare for a trip to the Emerald City while she tries to find out whose behind this.  In her new room, Cory tries out an invented spell to turn her clothes into something more suitable for Oz.  They come out too big, then too small, then just right. 


Tired from the day's events, Cory takes a nap, but she's soon awoken by a sinister-looking woman holding a wand over her.  Dorge attacks, but she hurls him against the wall.  Dinny then flies up and bites her neck, causing her to flee.  Dinny, however, falls in, believing the witch's blood was tainted.  He falls down prostrate as Glinda comes in the room, and Cory tells her everything.  Promises to help Dinny, but worried about Cory, she determines to leave at once.  After creating doppelgangers to fool spies, Glinda opens a secret tunnel hidden beneath the throne.  Unable to trust magic, she leads Cory and her companions down to a tunnel and upon a red boat, which speeds them along a canal.  Upon reaching the Palace, they park and climb up a flight of stairs where Ozma is waiting.  She replaces her own throne back to its spot, and greets Glinda's long-lost niece.  Distressed to learn of all that's transpired, including Dinny's condition, she takes him to the laboratory, and sprinkles some remaining Powder of Life on him, uttering the magic words, but it fails to revive him.  Testing the powder to ensure it works, she tries it on a glass sculpture of a fish, which comes to life and asks to be put in water (which she obliges).  Checking the Magic Picture, it fails to show them Cory's assailant until they use the Magic Belt and Glinda's scepter in tandem.  Cory recognizes the witch, so Ozma and Glinda create a magical trap and summon her into it.  The witch transforms into various animals, but is unable to escape or attack Cory, who notices that the witch's shadow moves independently of her.  Without thinking, she grabs the shadow and pulls it away from the witch, who suddenly begins rapid-aging while the shadow gains substance and strength.  At last it resolves into the form of Fabia. 


Glinda recalls that the witch's name is Malevola; she'd been banished to the Outside World for practicing black magic.  The witch explains that she happened to be in the area when Fabia and her husband had their fatal car accident.  Noting that the woman's life-force remained behind instead of going to the invisible realm, she realized it must belong to a fairy.  With the help of magic mushrooms she'd been collecting, she took it and weaved it into her own shadow.  She then had her lost youth and magic powers back.  But after a time, its power began to wane, and she sought out the woman's daughter Cory to replace her.  Glinda sends Malevola to become the shadow of a wild kalidah until such a time as she reforms.  With the witch's powers gone, the toxic effects of her blood dissipate and Dinny is restored to good health.  Ozma welcomes Fabia back to Oz, as do Dorge and Xerxes, complaining of having been speechless and immobile in the Outside World until Cory brought them back to Oz.  Glinda invites her sister to join her daughter in magic lessons, as she hadn't finished her own when she left.


Dorothy, the Cowardly Lion, Sawhorse, and Felina arrive after having dropped off her kittens at the Wogglebug's Academy.  The Lion introduces the sad Munchkin Kalidah to Ozma, who consoles her that she'll see her kittens again soon since the Professor has developed education tablets.  In the Throne Room, everyone catches up on the recent events and they're joined by Betsy, Trot, Scraps and others.  Ozma throws a party, after which Cory, Fabia and Glinda depart on the Swan Chariot she summoned to bring them home.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Hermoza and her family were cursed out of Oz to the Outside World by Ruggedo around 1900.  When they left, Dorothy had just returned to Kansas, and they're not sure if the Wizard was still ruling Oz.  Ruggedo had enchanted them when Ozalie was five years old, which gives her a birth year of 1895.  At the time this story takes place, which is upon their return to Oz, Ruggedo is a wandering beggar, which would appear to give us a 1907/8 time-frame, and would work well but for several factors.  For one, Cory's wearing jeans and her brother owns a television set, both of which indicate a post-1950s date.  At that time, however, Ruggedo is in his cactus form.  While that issue could be worked around, a larger issue is Ozalie's age.  If she was in Oz for 50 years, she'd be in her seventies, yet when she's disenchanted, she's no more than her mid-thirties.  One has to argue that she didn't age at the same rate that mortals do, or that she managed to find some magic to keep her from aging at the same rate (or beyond a certain point).  Another issue is the fact that Glinda and Ozma have no qualms about Hermoza, Ozalie and Cory using magic in Oz, with Glinda even offering to make Cory her apprentice and later partner in magic!  This would clearly date this story to after 1982, when the ban on magic was lifted to allow magic users to obtain a license.  This also works better for Ruggedo's situation.  The Royal Timeline of Oz is thus placing this story in Spring and Summer 1985, after Ruggedo somehow thaws out from the events of The Enchanted Gnome of Oz. As to Fabia, given that Ozma knows of her (although the reader's have never met her,  indicating untold stories), we can discern that Fabia left Oz to live with a mortal man at least twelve or more years earlier due to Cory's age, around 1972 or '73.


Discrepancies: There is a discrepancy in the narrative, as Hermoza and Ozalie should not know the name Ruggedo, as he'd changed his name after his foiled plot at the end of The Emerald City of Oz, at which point they were in the Outside World.  It can be argued that they read about it in the Oz books, but in that case they would have known Ozma was ruling Oz and that Dorothy was back living there.  Yet they don't find that information out until Glinda tells them later on.  Oddly, they state that Oz people don't use money [70], which wasn't true until after Ozma came to the throne.  Assuming historian error in these areas, the reader should substitute Roquat for Ruggedo any time Ozalie or Hermoza use his name.  Another minor discrepancy occurs in Chapter 17 when Cory addresses Dinny by his name before he's actually named himself.


Fabia: After Belinda, from The Enchanted Gnome of Oz, Fabia is the second of Glinda's younger sisters to be revealed.  Once again, there is no mention of who her mother or father are, though it seems likely that her mother is Glinda's mother Gaylette.  As she's considerably younger (she hasn't even finished studying magic), in this case her father is likely Quelala, making her a half-sister to Glinda and Belinda.  Fabia left to marry a mortal in the Outside World, though there's no indication as to the circumstances involved, or why she didn't bring him to live in Oz with her.  They had two children, Michael, and Cora-Lee, or Cory.  As we don't know Mike's age, we don't know how long ago she left Oz.  He is clearly a young adult probably in his late 20s, which would mean that Fabia left Oz in the early '60s.  When Cory was an infant Fabia and her husband had a car accident.  He died, while her spirit lingered (because she was a fairy).  Cory went to live with Mike, who was already with Marla.


Fabia and Malevola: The banished witch Malevola happened to be in the area when the accident occurred and took the spirit, attaching it to her shadow, and leeching off its power to make her young and magically potent again.  Given the enormous coincidence of such a thing happening, there is some speculation on my part that the accident was actually Malevola's doing, though this isn't indicated in the text, it's hinted at it by Malevola's words to Glinda that she was after Cory in part to punish Glinda for banishing her.  Might the accident have been manipulated by the same motivation?  Weaved into Malevola's shadow, Fabia's spirit began to drain over time, so that Malevola began searching for her daughter Cory, casting spells on the Magic Picture and Great Book of Records to prevent anyone trying to track her down.  That the spell also affected Glinda's crystal ball, which was a brand new item Ozma had just given her, indicates that the spell involved protecting her identity, and did not harm the magical items as Glinda feared. This is not the first time a magic user made it so that the Great Book of Records and Magic Picture wouldn't be able to find them. There is a question as to what would have happened to Fabia's spirit if events didn't work out as they did.  Might her spirit have died at that point?  As revealed in The Royal Explorers of Oz trilogy, death for a fairy is exceedingly rare, but still possible.  Odder still is the convenient fact that Fabia has no memory of her husband or the fatal car accident that killed him.  Yet she remembers holding her infant child.  There appears to be some psychological trauma due to his death (and nearly her own).  Neither does she seem to remember that she has a son living in the Outside World.  Her selfishness in leaving Oz is not brought up either, except perhaps by Xerxes who notes that he and Dorge were left immobile and speechless there.  Why Fabia, a grown woman, would have even brought magical creatures to the Outside World (where she must have known they would suffer as statues) is unknown, but it explains why their personalities are so irascible, as her abandonment and ill-treatment of them reveals why they're both so needy. Glinda doesn't address it, at least not in the story, but simply says she can resume her magic studies.  Fabia's behavior is contrasted with that of the Kalidah Felina, who unselfishly guards her children and ensures that they get a good education, even if it costs her pain to leave them at Wogglebug's Academy.  Interestingly, Malevola is cast into the shadow of a wild Kalidah, as if to give her a taste of her own medicine, though Glinda assures her she'll check in some time in the future to see if she's repented.


Fairy: Glinda calls herself and her sister fairies [110] and distinguishes that from Cory, who she refers to as a half-fairy (as her father was mortal).  See Glinda's History in the Appendices for a further discussion of this.


Great Book of Records: This story reveals several new facets of the Great Book of Records. Glinda notes that it's "impossible to trace every event in the Land of the Mortals." [79] This is the first indication of the book's limitations, but should not be surprising information given that if the book recorded all the events of the Great Outside World, its pages would fill up and turn so fast that it would be impossible to read anything.  It would also cease to be a single book, but thousands.  Given that the Book has been shown to record some events in the Outside World, it must be that those events have some connection, however tenuous, to events in Nonestica.  The book also has an appendix called "Citizens of Oz in the Land of the Mortals," and, as suspected, one can ask the book questions, which Glinda does in writing on a blank page, which it responds to in writing.


Kromofoabia: A play on the word chromophobia, designating a fear of color, the town of Kromofoabia is in the Munchkin Country of Oz, near a small lake they call the Purification Pond.  The town is run by those who view color as sinful and evil, and who not only bleach inhabitants white in the pond, but inject their irises so that even their eyes are turned white.  It's not known how these individuals came to feel this way, but once they abducted several Munchkins who they proceeded to bleach, and forced to work in their purification factory, Glinda determines to correct them.


Ruggedo and Fumaro: It's here revealed that the former Nome King plotted an invasion of Oz prior to The Emerald City of Oz.  It is unknown what exactly Ruggedo's goals were, save that his target at the time was Glinda.  Warned by a friend and Quadling sorceress Hermoza, Glinda turned Roquat and the Nomes that accompanied him into lizards and sent them back to Ev.  About seven or so years later, he found a way to disenchant himself, and punished Hermoza and her family by making them ugly, removing their magic, and sending them into the Outside World.  As Ruggedo didn't obtain his own magic (apart from the Magic Belt) until 1905, his wizard Potaroo must have actually effected the magic in that situation.  The absence of Roquat during this period might also explain why Goldemar (from Zauberlinda the Wise Witch) was Gnome King during this period.  It's also revealed that Ruggedo has a brother named Fumaro.  This isn't the only time he's said to have siblings, as the Emerald City Mirror indicates that he has a brother as well, though, as of this writing, that situation hasn't been fully investigated. Fumaro attempts to get Ruggedo back on the throne, but is foiled by his scientist Grotch. Glinda turns Fumaro into water and pours him into her fountain.  Grotch is apparently destroyed when Dinny's egg accidentally crashes into his head.


Temporal Magic: Rarely seen in Oz, but extant in at least two prior cases, such as Mr. Tinker in Oz, time magic returns the person to the Outside World as if no time had passed since they left it.  Glinda offers to do this for Cory if she wishes to return there. 






The Mysterious Caverns of Oz

Story: While Ozma chats with King Bud, Princess Fluff, Aunt Rivette and Queen Zixi of Ix during a rainstorm in the Emerald City, a young Quadling man named Danny Jinx comes to ask Ozma for help.  While building a basement in their home, Danny's parents were sucked into a hole that suddenly appeared.


Ozma determines to help him find their parents, and has Toto summon Dorothy, the Hungry Tiger, the Sawhorse, and Polychrome.  King Bud also offers to help.  Zixi gives Dinny the ability to see in the dark, as well as a wand to cause momentary darkness or blindness in enemies.  Ozma uses the Magic Picture to try and locate their parents, but it reveals only darkness.  The party head off to Danny's house, where they meet his ten-year old sister Lia.  Out of the corner of his eye, Danny sees a small, dark creature in the house, but it vanishes.  Lia notes that while he was gone, rocks shot out of the hole, after which little black creatures entered the house to inspect the hole before running off.


It's decided that Dorothy and the Sawhorse will stay behind in case the group runs into problems.  The rest will enter the hole, so Danny passes onto them Zixi's spell of sight.  Bud throws a magic rope down the rumbling hole, and they descend using clasps and straps.  After the Hungry Tiger goes down, Dorothy turns away, missing the descent of the small black creature behind them.


The hole goes deep and the sides close in, allowing a better foothold for the Tiger, who believes they're being watched.  The group are puzzled by the moss growing on the sides of stone walls, neither of which should be in a hole that just opened up.  Finally, reaching the first level, they exit into a giant cave, where they meet a confused and sobbing woman whose chained up.  She claims to be dreaming, but also to be the guardian of a witch, sent centuries earlier by Lurline to keep an eye on a terrible witch.  The witch got loose and bound her instead.  Bud rips the chains off her. While he ponders how just he accomplished that mighty feat, the woman approaches the crying Lia and touches her face, relieving her of her sorrow.  Danny introduces them and asks whether she's seen their parents.  She introduces herself as Paloma, and says she's only been there for a day, which contradicts her earlier story.  Danny confesses to Bud that he doesn't trust her, but when black smoke belches forth, causing Polychrome to choke, Paloma absorbs her pain, leaving Poly refreshed and more trusting of the confused woman.


After their picnic mysteriously vanishes, they endeavor to continue down the hole to the next level.  The Tiger discovers stairs, which he uses to lead them.  En route, they discover a tunnel jutting off from the main, and they follow it to another cavern.  Polychrome lights it up with color, but realizes that while her father could do that, she doesn't normally have that power.  They find scattered piles of unusual objects that appear to be covered or made up of volcanic ash.  Paloma finds it beautiful and walks amongst it, but Lia gets a bad feeling, and a hole opens up beneath Paloma.  The small dark creature saves her, but darts away, leaving a note identifying itself as a helpful skeezik.  Danny spots a path leading to another cave, and they find a fountain pen belonging to his mother.  They come to a fork, and follow the path leading to a loud snoring.  They enter a cave with a sleeping green bear and her cubs.  Poly's light wakens her, and the bear confirms no one's been there.  When they ask how she plans to exit, she points to a nearby path.  When they explore it, they find it only leads to another pit, but upon returning, they discover the entire bear cave is gone.


Returning to the hole, they descend to the next level, but there they find short goblins.  With Zixi's wand, Bud causes 32 of them temporary blindness, allowing them to enter the cave, but as they start to regain their sight, they attack.  Poly goes back down the hole, only to discover it's a slide.  The goblins attempt to waken Big Sister and Big Brother, but the travelers follow Poly into the hole.  After plummeting down a corkscrew spiral, they arrive at the final cavern, where they're met by a red-robed woman who looks exactly like Paloma.  Paloma exclaims that that's the witch she was guarding.  Poly blinds the witch with her lights, while Danny gives the good Paloma the wand and Bud encourages her to cast the spell.  When she fails to, the Hungry Tiger leaps on the evil Paloma, but she kicks him off and sends Bud across the room, where he stumbles into the skeezik.  The good Paloma then uses the wand to blind her twin.


Suddenly, the Hungry Tiger calls everyone over, as he's found the missing parents.  The skeezik unlocks their bounds, but the witch summons her goblins, who come and overwhelm the rescue party.  Ozma then whisks everyone away, the Jinx family back to their home, and the others to the Emerald City.  She shows the rescuers the Jinx family in the Magic Picture, and then switches it to Paloma, whose in the outside world, waking up.  Her real name is Anna Redmark, and she's a teacher.  She owned an original copy of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, signed by Mr. Baum to Betsy Osgood, who passed it down to her grandchild.  Anna had believed in Oz so strongly, she arrived there via a dream, but because she was torn about wanting to stay or go, she manifested in as two personalities.  Somehow, that dream took place under the Jinx's house.  King Bud is filled with questions regarding their experiences underground, and Glinda promises to do research and let him know what she discovers.  Ozma uses the Magic Picture to show them the green bear and her cubs, hibernating in a cave in the Munchkin border.  Bud gives Glinda a list of questions to ponder, while the skeezik slips away, and Polychrome goes outside to await the Rainbow.  The Jinx family, meanwhile, consider getting the goblins relocated and turning the caverns into a museum.


Continuity notes:

Dating: No explicit date is given, save that it must be prior to its original 1990 publication.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places it in 1985.


Dreams: In the foreword, it's noted that not only was one of the characters (revealed later to be Anna Redmark) from the outside world, but the author himself, who shared a dream with Redmark, though remained invisible throughout.  It is unknown if he manifested as the skeezik.


Magic Land: On page 76, it's noted that Volkov and Sukhinov's realm of Magic Land, an offshoot of Oz, takes place in another dimension.


Rakpat: The reference on page 48 to a rakpat's lair comes from The Gardener's Boy of Oz, in which a rakpat is a character.


Skeezik: These small furry black creatures are more fully explored in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3.


Time Zone: Assuming Anna Redmark, aka. Paloma, is named after Paloma, California, where she returns after she awakens, the narrative  on page 73 presents a clear time zone difference between there and Oz, about several hours, as it's very late in Oz, and early morning in the U.S.










Beach Blanket BabylOz


Story: Finding Dorothy and Toto in the Palace gardens, Trot tells them that she has that "ocean feeling" and suggests they ask Ozma and anyone else who might be around if they'd like to go to a beach on the coast of Nonestica, reasoning that Ozma could send them there by means of the Magic Belt.  Dorothy loves the idea, as does Ozma, the Wizard, Scraps and the Scarecrow.  Ozma leaves her father Pastoria in charge while everyone gets ready. 


The Wizard returns with his new and improved magic traveling case, while the Scarecrow brings towels, buckets and spades.  Ozma gives the Belt to her father, and the Wizard assures Dorothy they'll have everything they need in his traveling bag, including Wishing Pills.  Handing one to Trot, Ozma suggests they go to the coast of Ev.  But just as Trot makes the wish, the Wizard realizes he's spilled a bottle of Instant Hiding Place Elixir all over them!


The seven plummet into a wave which tosses them unto the shore.  While the humans and dog recover, the Scarecrow and Scraps are unable to move, though they can cry out for help, which they immediately get.  Dorothy realizes they're not in Ev, as the coastline is backed entirely by cliffs, and Ev has level coastlines.  Suddenly, the Wizard doubles over and Dorothy and Trot collapse to the ground.  In a matter of seconds, the three of them and Toto begin to grow decades older!  In horror, Ozma runs over to each person, touching each with her wand.  Although Toto and the Wizard are near death, it works, and with tears of joy, Ozma watches them revert to their former selves.


Dorothy asks how they were saved, and Ozma explains that fairies are the guardians of humankind; so long as she rules Oz, its people are her charges and are granted certain fairylike gifts.  These don't automatically apply, however, when they're outside Oz, so she had to will her fairy nature to shield them from the "ravages of the outside world."  With her fairy magic, Ozma then restores Scraps and Scarecrow, who had become inanimate. Then Wizard sets up magic tents, knowing they'll be there awhile.  Checking his bag, he discovers the Wishing Pills are all ruined.  Dorothy realizes it'll be up to someone back in Oz to get them home.  They suspect they're in California, but the Wizard reminds Trot it wouldn't be as she remembered it from when she lived there.


The Wizard explains how his bottle of Instant Hiding Place Elixir broke, saturating the Wishing Pills, and causing Trot to get a mixed-up spell instead.  The Elixir works by hiding the user from whomever she's looking it, which is meant to be someone dangerous chasing them.  In this case, Trot had been looking at Pastoria, and they realize that the spell will do everything in its power to prevent him from finding them.  They determine then to make the most of their situation until someone figures it out, and they proceed to play and have fun.


At sundown, Ozma prepares a magical meal, after which they go to sleep.  Trot awakens the next morning, and when she returns to the party, is very upset.  She leads them to an alcove where they come across a sea lion that had been shot to death, likely killed by a fisherman to eliminate the competition for fish.  Trot asks Ozma if she can bring him back to life, but she cannot, explaining that had they died of old age, she'd have also been unable to save them.  Trot then asks the Wizard if he has any Powder of Life to use on the sea lion, but he tells her that doesn't, and that he wouldn't if he did because it would only animate a decaying corpse.


Breakfast is eaten in silence, so to alleviate the pall hanging over the group the Wizard introduces everyone to his Artistic Notion Potion, which when sprinkled on a tool enables the user to sculpt like an artist.  Everyone tries it out and begins crafting amazing wonders on the beach.  Amongst all of them, Trot's stands out as the most poignant, a sea lion staring out to sea.  Ozma says she's sure the poor sea lion who'd been killed is grateful.  Trot says that it's about restoring a kind of balance. 


Suddenly, she remembers the ring she's wearing, which she got from the Sea Fairies, and which she can use to summon them.  Before long, Queen Aquareine and Glinda arrive, the latter sporting a tail.  After introductions, they recount their tale.  Glinda explains that when they failed to return, Pastoria used the Magic Picture to no avail.  Other magical devices were employed, and search parties sent out, but Glinda began to realize a hybrid spell had been cast.  She came with Aquareine, figuring out they had no way of returning them to Oz.


Before Glinda sends them all home to the Emerald City, Trot discusses with Queen Aquareine her grief over the killed sea lion and that it shouldn't have happened.  The Sea Fairy notes that at least it taught her the difference between the should-nots and the will-nots, as well as the important trait of transforming sorrow to joy, a necessary thing to learn for one who lives the long life of a fairy.  Promising to visit her undersea friends, Trot says to goodbye and Glinda transports them back to Oz. 


Alone on the beach with the sculpture Trot made, Queen Aquareine brings the sandy sea lion to life.


Continuity notes:

Animals in Oz: Clarifying a situation long wondered at due to the feline natures of the Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion, who are sometimes said to slink off after their meals, Ozma definitively says to herself that hunting and killing for food are unnecessary in my kingdom. [53]


Aquareine: Queen of the Sea Fairies, Aquareine, and the ring given to Trot, first appeared in The Sea Fairies.


Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in the summer. While there is no specific year mentioned, there are some conflicting internal clues.  Glinda's motivations for going with the Sea Fairies is that she's the only means for her friends to get back to Oz, which would only make sense prior to the discovery of the tunnel under Lake Quad (revealed in The Glass Cat of Oz) or the one under the Bottomless Lake of Hidden Valley in the Munchkin Mountains (revealed in Wooglet in Oz), both of which connect the Nonestic to Oz.  Also, it's noted that the Sea Fairies rescued Trot once before because of her ring [66].  This occurred in The Glass Cat of OzThis is a discrepancy, and unless the Sea Fairies rescued Trot in an as-yet untold story, it appears that Glinda forgot there was a simple way for the Sea Fairies to get the Ozites back to Oz.  On the other hand, and it's a stretch, perhaps the Sea Fairies were busy with other important matters and Aquareine told Glinda she'd be unable to get them back to Oz in a timely manner.


Death: One of the rare Oz stories that confronts death head-on, as well as the cruelty of the outside world, Buckley's story also looks at the limitations that a fairy has. Ozma tells Trot that her sculpture of the sea lion has made the sea lion grateful, indicative of her belief in an afterlife for the creature (and hence for all animals).


Outside World: This story establishes that without magical protection, an accidental trip back to the mortal worlds can prove fatal. This is built on what happened to Dorothy in The Lost King of Oz when she accidentally ended up in Hollywood.  That others, including the Wizard, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Gump, Sawhorse, Cowardly Lion, and Wogglebug had been to the outside world, e.g., in The Witch Queen of Oz, Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz and Scarecrow and TinMan, amongst other stories), indicates that Ozma generally gives them the magical protection they need so it's as if they never left Oz, here indicated to be a fairy spell from her wand.


Transmission: The story is told to the author via a seagull while the author was on a beach in California.






Dagmar in Oz

Story: Clancy Clambake writes a letter to his beloved Bonnie, expressing how much he loves and misses her, and how he's taken up entomology in her absence.  Over his next few letters, he explains how he's obtained a perfect flea specimen and named him Yechuah, and that due to his experiments with his Gregormendel plant, which he feeds him instead of meat, Yechuah has grown to the size of a watermelon!  Yet, Bonnie begins to fear the worst when one letter claims the flea has grown taller than Clancy, and she makes her way home, only to discover her fiance missing.


Clancy finds himself in Oz, suspecting that somehow Yechuah and the other specimens have transported them all there.  Coming upon a wishing well, he makes a wish that Bonnie would be with him.


Dr. Nikidik also sends a series of letters back and forth to a magician named Esor, explaining how he's renamed his children Putnam and Srednuas after his grandparents, and that he must now focus on raising them.  Esor urges him to join them and begin practicing magic again, and goes so far as to enchant the letter so that Nikidik forgets the children and focuses on his magic.  Nikidik then leaves a letter for Clancy and Bonnie, who the wish has brought to Oz, along with his children Putnam and Srednuas, asking them to take care of them, and acknowledging that he's forgotten their pasts, but has rapid-aged them. 


Bonnie writes to her new friend Xisque, thanking her for her help in seeing Ozma and being permitted to stay in Oz, and promising to come visit with the children.  Some time later, Bonnie and Clancy are making another trip to the Emerald City to see Xisque and her husband Lunigar.  Clancy allows Putnam to steer Yechuah.  The boy confesses to the giant flea that he wishes to know the truth of his heritage, so Yechuah suggests dipping in the Truth Pond, and they take a detour.  Once they arrive, Srednuas dives in, with Putnam behind her.  She suddenly grows and transforms back to her real self, as Mombi, recovering her memories as well.  Putnam also turns back into himself as Nikidik the Younger.  Mombi determines to create a batch of Powder of Youth to trade with Dr. Pipt for his Powder of Life, and flies off with a broom she summons forth.  Nik, however, chooses to remain with his adoptive parents, explaining that now that he knows the truth, he's no longer interested in magic and prefers to stay with them and be a flea farmer.


Nearly 80 years later, the Scoodlers have mainly retrieved their heads since the incident in The Road to Oz. Queen Dagmar tests her new glue on Duchess Pacine, hoping for something that will keep their heads bound to their bodies.  The Duchess, who is normally violent and irascible, begins acting strangely obsequious, causing Dagmar to realize that she's made something far better than glue, and with which she can revenge herself on the Shaggy Man, who had humiliated the Scoodlers so long ago.


Dagmar soon comes across Yechuah.  Using a spray can to administer the glue formula on him, she inquires about his family and learns that Putnam is the son of a magician.  Thinking he'll be useful, she commands the giant flea to retrieve him.  Putnam then falls under her spell, and thinks to retrieve a case he'd hidden many years ago when Mombi had come to request the assistance of her former "brother" in overthrowing Ozma.  They'd argued, and she'd departed, leaving behind the case containing Powder of Life.


Putnam summons a mountain of books pertaining to Oz.  As they go through them to find a way to take over Oz, they discover instead that Ozma has always won out over her adversaries.  Yechuah concludes that fear is the key, specifically fear of the unknown, which is how the Bogiemen had been able to terrorize the residents of the Emerald Palace (Button Bright in Oz).  So they work to fashion a being that might effect the same results, crafting a creature from a wheelbarrow for a body, a barrel for a head, cushions for a bill, screens for wings and a coconut and ball for eyes.  With the Powder of Life and a recitation of the formula, they bring Eyetwo Bill, or Ittubil, to life.


Duchess Pacine, meanwhile, demands that her headless Prime Minister Xanthascoodwho can think and communicate telepathically with an electric brain, and hear with an ear in his pocketmake her soup.  When Rachel, a young girl lost from the Emerald City, arrives looking for directions, he determines to make soup of her, and puts her in the cauldron.  Rachel cleverly says there's a head in the pot.  When he goes to see, she escapes, but only temporarily, as he catches her and puts her back in the cauldron.  The Duchess is anxious to eat the boiled child, but Rachel grabs her head off her body.  The Duchess screams for help, but many of the Scoodlers hate her for having stolen their brains and putting them in her own head, and refuse to assist her.  Taking advantage, Rachel stomps on her head, releasing the stolen brains, which the Scoodlers grab up.  One of the Scoodlers then tosses Pacine's head in the fire!  With that, Xanthascood proclaims Rachel a hero and awards her an amulet which will ensure she won't be harmed.  Rachel then gives him Pacine's brain to use instead of the electronic one.  With the aid of a magical device he'd created, Xanthascood escorts Rachel back to Oz.  But once there, they're surprised by Ittubil.


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, the Ozites celebrate the anniversary of the time Ojo and Unc Nunkie rescued the White King from the evil magician Wark.


Ittubil demands to know where the Shaggy Man is, but Xanthascood who acknowledges the man is responsible for his lost head, doesn't know, and isn't interested in finding out, as he's come only to escort Rachel home.  Ittubil is incensed at the lack of devotion for his mistress, Dagmar, who scolds the Prime Minister for helping the child instead of cooking her.  She sprays glue on him, but it has no effect.  She orders Ittibul to take the girl for soup, but the creature is surprised at this, and although wishing to please her, objects.  Dagmar insists that she's food, but Yechuah and Putnam protest as well.  When the Queen moves to do it herself, Ittibul opposes her, rolling her up into a ball and tossing her far away. 


Suddenly, Ozma, the Wizard and Shaggy Man appear.  Ozma praises them for standing up to Dagmar, especially while under the control of the enchanted glue.  Xanthascood is given a tin head to replace his lost one.  Putnam and Rachel are restored to their families, and Ittibul is given a guesthouse in the Gillikin Country.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The first chapter is explicitly dated in 1907 and 1908.  The second chapter is in 1908.  The remaining chapters take place roughly 79 years later.  There are some time issues with the fact that Nikidik the Younger (Putnam) and Mombi (Srednuas) were first turned into infants in 1902, and thus would already be five years old and past the toddler age, which Nikidik says he rapid-aged them to with the Aging Powder (which he must have made anew, as he gave the last batch to Glinda at the end of Dorothy and the Magic Belt). 


Nikidik the Younger: The son of Nikidik through an unknown mother, and renamed Putnam by his adopted parents Clancy and Bonnie, it is not stated here how he attained magical powers (which he uses to summon a mountain of books).  He had no such powers in Dorothy and the Magic BeltIt's possible that rather than use magic, he raided a nearby book tree that had Oz titles on it.


Spurious References: The narrative also contains references to peoples and events in several prior Buckethead releases, some of which are not on the Mainline Timeline.  In cases such as these, it should be understood that while persons and places may exist, the narratives that spawned them did not necessarily take place.  A kindly Nome named Acinad might exist, but that does not mean Acinad Goes to the Emerald City of Oz took place.  Similarly, the book The Magic Diamond of Oz is found in Oz (Oz has literal book trees), but this does not mean the contents of that book are anything but fiction.  The latter part of Chapter 9, which details the events of Acinad Goes to the Emerald City of Oz is excised on the Mainline Timeline without harm to the story.


Sequel: This story serves as a sequel to the events of Dorothy and the Magic Belt, dealing with both Mombi and Dr. Nikidik's son Nikidik the Younger's transformation into infants.  It also brings back into play the Scoodlers, who had not been seen since The Road to Oz.


Srednuas: The name purportedly given to the infant Mombi by Dr. Nikidik is author Susan Saunders' surname spelled backwards.  Saunders had written Dorothy and the Magic Belt, in which Mombi was turned into an infant, the event that prompted the writing of this book.  Clearly an in-joke, it seems highly unlikely that this was the actual name Nikidik gave her.









The Three Imps of Oz


Story: When the King of the Imps discovers his ornament room in disarray, he summons forth the three sons of Imp Ossible to answer for their crimes.  Imp Udent, Imp Olite and Imp Ertinent explain that they were merely fighting amongst themselves.  The king banishes them until such a time as they prove their worth, specifically, when they find the Lost Treasure of the Ancient Imps, an enchanted ruby which had been stolen by the Scoodler Dagmar years ago.


The imps leave their underground home and ascend unto a valley in the Quadling Country, where they carve small cave-homes for themselves in nearby valley.  In the morning, their neighbor Ingela comes to welcome them, but the imps eat her hat and rudely taunt her and her husband.  Word travels of the mischievous imps and the community learns to stay close to home and lock their doors. 


When Ozma and the Wizard arrive, they learn about this and head into the valley where the imps accost them, tearing Ozma's dress and shoving the Wizard. The Wizard uses his magical lytero to transform them into bushes, but they grow thorny and attack.  He then turns them into mice, but they become pigs who stampede them. He then turns them into doves, but they bite and try to pluck their eyes out. Finally, at Ozma's behest, he transforms them into inanimate objects: Olite to a tin button, Udent into a brass one, and Ertinent into a lead one.  He places them in a silver box, intending to sew them on his coat, and casts a spell over them that will alert him should they repent by turning the metals into other metals.


83 years later: The Wizard has Tik-Tok help construct a Speedifier, a device that will grow instantaneous trees. When the machine malfunctions, Tik-Tok sweeps up the broken pieces, and discovers the Wizard's old coat.  The Wizard hasn't seen it in decades, and upon seeing the buttons in silver, gold and aluminum, realizes the imps must have repented years ago.  Getting out his lytero, the Wizard disenchants them.


A few days later, Imp Ertinent is serving as the Wizard's replacement apprentice while his normal assistant (Number Nine) is away.  Udent is learning how to cook under Chef Wessonoyl Smith's tutelage, and Olite is learning to be a gardener.  As Ertinent has trouble creating even a sweet roll, the Wizard sends him out to try his magic on helping someone, which he says is more effective.  He attempts to restore a broken bridge, but manages to turn it into a large snake, which attacks a chatty woodchuck named Larvy.  Trying again, the imp turns the snake into a sweet roll.


In Kushiville, Pudent and Chef Wessonoyl are preparing treats for Suzi's birthday when King Squaz sends out his Squaziqs to abduct the town's residents.  Having heard of the famous chef from the trader Packer, he wants him as his own royal chef.  When no one comes forward to identify the man, the king announces he'll turn all the residents into slaves until he comes forth.  Smith identifies himself and is transformed into a Squaziq.  The others are let go, but Udent refuses to leave his side, and the king agrees to let him stay and keep his amusing form.  When they prepare dinner, they add an ingredient that puts the Squaziqs to sleep, after which they head to the transformation room where they restore the chef to his original form and escape.


In Arfrica, the Wizard introduces Olite and his Speedifier to Gordon the Gardener.  Gordon's wife Gleerup prepares them lunch, after which he shows Olite how to pull weeds.  One weed proves tricky, however, and the imp digs a hole around it, pulling up a carved pewter box, inside which are the directions to the Treasure of the Ancient Imps! Olite goes to his brothers, imploring them to accompany him on the quest.  They puzzle over the poetic instructions he found and start off at the Dogate in Arfrica, then to the smiling tree (a tree entwined with smilax vines), then go north to find the birds at play, and come into Greenturf, where they find a community of golfers and learn that a score is called birdie. At the 18th hole, they dig and find an underground cavern where live the next part of the clue: the Holbert, little grey people with lavender eyes. Usjgdqf tells them that the magic ruby is in the haunted Castle of Murch.


Once inside the castle, the imps reluctantly split up to search.  Udent comes across a yellow wolf guarding a suitcase.  The wolf tries to eat him, but Udent snares him with foodstuffs and opens the case.  Inside is a red-handled dagger.  In another room is Murch's army, and in another a ravenous purple creature called Jellybelly, who tells him to look for hidden doors. 


Imp Ertinent, meanwhile, comes upon the wizened old man, Murch, who was once an apprentice to Dr. Nikidik.  He challenges the imp to a magical contest.  Ertinent does better than he'd expected, but when Murch conjures up the Jabberwock, Old King Crow and Father William from the pages of Dodgson, Ertinent escapes through a corridor. 


Ollie winds up in a library, where a pink baby dinosaur challenges him to catch him in exchange for the Enchanted Ruby.  Try as he might, the imp's legs are just too short.  After throwing a book at the dinosaur in frustration, the dinosaur complains that he hates books, leading the imp to discover that he doesn't know what books are.  The imp explains and the dinosaur becomes interested in hearing a book read, promising the ruby if he'll read one about dinosaurs.  Unable to find a suitable story, Ollie invents one.  Pleased, the dinosaur gives him the ruby, and the imp finds himself in a room with his brothers.  Murch appears as well, telling them they must find a way out, and vanishes.  Udent leads his brothers down a corridor where a black-hooded figure tears open a door before them, and a gate seals shut behind.  Two pendulums swing before the exit, and the room begins to rotate while the floor shifts.  The imps struggle and nearly get chopped up, but together they manage to escape through the door, which is a portal to the Imp King's cavern.


Imp Ortance, the Gatekeeper, doesn't believe they have the Enchanted Ruby, but when they show it to him, he brings them before the king.  He inspects the ruby, but tosses it back, declaring it a fake since he can't detect its magical properties.  He then banishes them for life.


Back at the palace in the Emerald City, Ozma pardons the imps for abandoning their jobs, and they're happy to be back.  The Wizard asks Ertinent for his help in making the Speedifier work.  When the imp touches it, a potted plant starts growing.  The Wogglebug explains that the power of the Enchanted Ruby affected it.  It was never an imp treasure after all, but an ancient magical aid in plant growth.  With that, Ozma makes the three imps of Oz permanent citizens.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story takes place in the summer. The first chapter is a retelling of  "Ozma and the Little Wizard," from Baum's The Little Wizard Stories of Oz, which takes place in 1906.  The remaining narrative takes place eighty-three years later in 1989.


Imp King: The King of the Imps first appeared as the Ruby Imp in (Rosine and) the Laughing Dragon of OzHis connection to the three imps from The Little Wizard Stories of Oz was first revealed here.


Magic Belt: The discrepancy with the use of the Magic Belt is here explained.  The Magic Belt grants one wish a day, but it also saves up wishes.  This explains how Dorothy and Ozma (and others) were at time able to request multiple wishes in a single day.


Murch: A former apprentice of the crooked magician Nikidik, Murch has a castle wherein he keeps various people and creatures, though it's not known which are illusions and which are real.  The Enchanted Ruby came to be hidden in his castle by the Scoodler Queen Dagmar.


References: The narrative serves as a direct sequel to "Ozma and the Little Wizard," from Baum's The Little Wizard Stories of Oz, and includes an expanded version of that account in chapter 1.  It also references Packer and the boogiemen attack, from Button Bright of Oz, Arfrica, from Toto in Oz, and the fact that Mr. Tinker's returned from Oz, from Mr. Tinker of Oz (and The Lost Queen of Oz). Additionally, Old King Crow is from Dorothy and Old King Crow, while the Jabberwock and Father William are from Lewis Carroll's (Charles Dodgson) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass.  The Jabberwock makes a larger appearance in The Emerald City Mirror story: "Invasion of the Jabberwocks," from issues #33-40.  The Scoodler Queen Dagmar is from Dagmar in Oz.  That book, as well as the apocryphal Veggy Man of Oz, also appear in Murch's library.










The Walking City of Trilmeria


Story: Coming soon.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Takes place a short time after The Royal Crab of Oz


Sapience: This story supports the idea that only some insects are sapient in Oz.








The Bashful Baker of Oz


History: Initially published in Oziana 2003 under the name Kieran Miller. The book version eliminates the name Jenny Jump for copyright concerns, though it is she who is impliedThe further adventures of Derek and Maria are told in the first of The Royal Explorers of Oz books.


Story: In the town of Crafton, in the Gillikin Country, just north of the Emerald City, Maria finishes a long day at her bakery, only to realize after baking her niece Inna's birthday cake that she's not been invited to the party. Feeling taken for granted, but blaming herself for her meekness, Maria is soon met by her boyfriend Luka, an orchestra conductor who lives in the Palace in the Emerald City.  He urges her to come live with him and open up a bakery there, as they don't appreciate her in Crafton, but she half-heartedly declines. 


At the party, Maria's sister Zia chides her daughter for not inviting her aunt, but Inna thinks Maria's weird, dancing with an imaginary friend and claiming he's a nobleman from the Emerald City.  An older guest, Etozander, confirms that several have been to the capital and inquired after him, but no one's seen or heard of him.  Zia goes to Maria's house to have her daughter thank her for the cake, but Maria's gone.


On her walk to the Emerald City, Maria runs into Clara the cow, whose decided to go exploring away from her dairy and find some excitement in the Emerald City.  They travel on together.


At Jenny Jump's Style Shop, in the Emerald City, Jenny has six people helping customers get ready for Ascension Celebration. There is stout Blortplax from the Ozure Isles, seventeen year old, green-haired Franklin, the Gillikin boy Domino, Winkie twins Dottie and Ruth, and handsome 20 year old Derek, the fashion designer from Crafton.  Derek had left his home town because they only value those who work with their hands, and as he didn't make things like everyone else, he was frequently laughed at and ostracized. 


At night, after everyone leaves the shop, Derek often feeds the Turn Style a light-refracting cloth and goes through, emerging with an outfit that renders him all but invisible except at close range.  In that guise he'd travel back to Crafton.  He hadn't meant to deceive Maria, and he long held a crush on her, but as she held a lofty position there, and he was nothing, he conjured up the persona of Lord Luka so that she'd be impressed by him.


Once in the Emerald City, a merchant hands sunglasses to Maria, who tells Clara she's looking for a friend.  Clara suggests they meet back in that spot tomorrow at the same time.  Heading to the Palace, Maria passes by Polychrome, the Shaggy Man, Comfortable Camel, Snip, Corum, Stampedro, and Omby Amby who requests her name and business.  She says she's come to see Lord Luka of the Royal Orchestra.  As there's no one living in the Palace by that name, he takes her to see Jellia Jamb.  Maria describes Lord Luka to her, but Jellia explains that while they've had orchestras in the Emerald City, there is no set Royal Orchestra, and none of the musicians live there.  She takes her to the Magic Picture, but it's unable to show Luka.  Jellia instructs it to show them the man whose been visiting Maria.  It shoes the Style Shop, now crowded with people.  Maria spots him and the two girls head off for Jenny Jump's shop.


Maria makes her way through the thick crowd, surprising Derek!  With a good idea what's going on, Jellia drags both of them to the anteroom of the Palace, where Maria tells Derek she'd decided to take him up on his offer and live there with him.  Ozma arrives to greet them and inform Maria that her sister's been looking for her.  Maria tells her she'd like to live in the Palace with Lord Luka.  With a look from Ozma, Derek hastily admits the truth, explaining he made up the story because he felt he wasn't good enough for Maria.  Ozma commends him for telling the truth.  For her part, Maria says his impression of her was false, as she's only valued for what she does, not who she is.


Ozma corrects both of them.  Despite Maria's brief absence, Crafton has shown they miss her.  Also, Jenny Jump is very particular about who she hired, and designer is the most important job in the Style Shop.  Ozma and Jellia then requires that Derek design their gown and Maria bake their cake for the Ascension.


The next day, Maria introduces Derek and his friend Franklin to Clara, who'd spend the previous day gossiping with fellow cows.  The two men are going to open their own style shop in Crafton, with Jenny's blessing.  They head to Crafton, where the family and townspeople welcome them and later come to appreciate their own style shop.  At Derek and Maria's wedding, Ozma arrives with the Sawhorse, Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger, Princess Dorothy, Trot, Betsy and a host of celebrities including Jenny Jump and her staff.  Derek's family comes up from the Ozure Isles and they marry in the chapel, with Ozma presiding.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The events of this story are dated five and a half years prior to The Royal Explorers of Oz: Book 1: The Voyage of the Crescent Moon, which is currently set in 1995.






Lurline and the White Ravens of Oz


History: Published in three editions, the first in 1990, the second in 1995 with revised illustrations and color plates, and the third expanded edition in 2008 as a hardcover.


Story: As Dorothy, Ozma, Handy Mandy, Polychrome, the Scarecrow and Cowardly Lion debate how to properly pronounce the name of the Fairy Queen Lurline.  Dorothy inquires about who else besides Ozga and Ozana are related to Ozma, but Ozma seems reticent to discuss it.  Poly notes that she's distantly related to Lurline, whose a goddess, but this surprises Dorothy who says she's known as queen of the fairies, not a goddess.  The Scarecrow adds that Mab, Una and Titania also bear the title of Fairy Queen.


In the palace on Mt. Olympus, the goddesses argue over whether Lurlin the Fairy Queen should added to their ranks as a goddess due to her actions saving a fishing village from an erupting volcano.  Athena attends the gathering but is anxious for her kin to settle the decision quickly so she can return to the war being fought in Ilium/Troy.


Iris, goddess of the rainbow, speaks on behalf of Lurlin, but Artemis the moon goddess and Eris the goddess of discord argue that godhood is derived by birth, as they're all born of Gaea and/or Zeus.  No mortal, even of faerie, has ever been made a god.  The three seasons counter that as there is no rule book, they are free to decide on this matter.  Iris points out that by using her powers altruistically, Lurlin saved some who would go on to make positive change in the world.  Besides which, the gods live only because they're worshiped, so saving humans who worship them is a benefit to them.  Athena concludes that Lurlin be made a probationary deity.  Aphrodite, Persephone and Demeter agree, though Decay is against it.  Finally, Hera decides Lurline will be given a trial period.  Many of the goddesses rejoice. 


In another part of the palace, the gods drink and laugh raucously as the sun god Apollo declares Lurline the most beautiful maiden in the world.  Hermes agrees that her band will prove a good diversion for them, and a drunken Zeus acknowledges her beauty, but wonders at her intelligence.  Hephaestus says he would court her, while the intoxicated Dionysus says all women should serve them.  Lurlin then enters their presence, acknowledging that she's not even heard of many of them.  Zeus explains that some have come from far for her initiation, and for this reason Decay and Eris don't like her.  Apollo then proclaims himself her champion, and as he escorts her away, Iris and Kol bring them the good news of Lurlin's acceptance into the pantheon.


Dorothy interrupts, querying whether Iris is related to Polychrome, who wistfully notes that she's still around.  In her studies at Professor Wogglebug's college, Dorothy has never heard of Kol, Enyo, and recalls that Lilith is from Judaic mythology.  Ozma says that what she learned might not be accurate, and the Scarecrow adds that there may be more than one Lilith.  Handy Mandy notes too that there's another seven-handed Handy Mandy, but it's not her.


Apollo declares his love for Lurlin and she responds in kind, though both wonder if Eros shot arrows into them.  He then proposes and she surprises herself by accepting.  He leads her past a rainbow bridge with rainbow maidens [Dorothy interrupts to ask if Poly was there, but she doesn't respond] to a place where she can see the world below.  They see Ilium fall to the invade Greeks and three men following a bright star.  They then spot an unnamed land of great beauty, peace and contentment.  A drama unfolds there as the king of Morrow demands that the immortal serpent Quiberonwhose terrified the people for centuriescombat him.  If he loses, he must leave them in peace and cease ravaging other lands.  Quiberon agrees.  Lurlin seeks to help the king, but Apollo counters that it's inconsequential who wins because the people of that realm don't pray to them or even know of them.  It would be just as incomprehensible if Odin rescued someone in Thailand.


While Apollo is distracted watching the battle, Lurlin sends a fairy to help the king.  The fairy bestows on him a branch, though he doesn't see how it will help him.  It does, however, stopping the giant creature in its tracks.  Defeated, Quiberon skulks off.  Apollo realizes Lurlin helped the king, and a fairy arrives, confirming that she gave the king faith, with which the branch was transformed.


Later after the celebration for Lurlin winds down and the drunken gods fall asleep, Lurlin enters Apollo's chamber and takes the reins to his sky chariot.  Then from Iris's room, she takes a jug of rainbow.  From Kol's room, she takes a bottle of crystal essence, and from Lilith's room a torch.  She kisses all of them but Lilith who stirs.  Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory, records her actions.  Lurlin then meets with her fairy band at the place where she and Apollo had seen the unnamed land.  With them come Pegasus, Ario and Apollo's chariot.  Lurlin uses these to fly over the land, sprinkling light, rainbow and crystalline magic upon it, leaving behind their magic and even a few fairies.  She then lands at the king's castle of Morrow.  Dorothy interrupts again, exasperated by the contradictions the story suggests against other histories she's read.


Lurlin sprinkles rainbow magic on the king and his pregnant wife, calling her a descendent of fairies and daughter of Oziana, whose descendents will become glorious.  Having used up the rainbow magic, she heads back into the air, shielded by Coeus and Phoebe, and pours out the remaining crystal essence on the center of the land, rendering its inhabitants immortal, knowing it will eventually spread out to all the land.  Back in Olympus, she returns the reins and empty bottles, and tells her band to disperse.  Zeus and Hera arrive later to announce the theft.  Apollo is incensed, determining that whoever did it will never again see the light he brings on the world.  At the assembly, Zeus presses Lilith who reluctantly admits that she saw Lurlin in her room.  Mnemosyne then tells Zeus that Lurlin has enchanted another land.  Zeus proclaims that it will be her prison and that she will see Apollo no more.


Dorothy makes notes to reread several books, including The Witch Queen of Oz (for which she can't recall her participation), The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz, Time Travelers of Oz, and Death Comes to Oz.


Banished from Mt. Olympus, Lurlin is sent down a dark pit, but her goddess friends appear to forgive and comfort her.  Apollo is there, as well, but does not speak to her.  Iris tells her that Zeus put a protective spell around her enchanted land to shield it from the outside world.  From a seedling from the Golden Apples of Gaea, Hera has placed the Golden Apples there to keep the land's magic pure.  Kol presents her with a large opal to protect the lifeblood of all in the land.  Lurlin says she's named the land after its king: Oz.  She admits too that she was bold and arrogant, but Iris says the fates played a role and that Oz will engender heroism and the betterment of the world.  The goddesses say goodbye and promise to be at her side should she call on them.  Iris then decrees that her rainbow maidens will favor the land, especially Polychrome, and whispers that Lurlin alone is banished from Olympus, hinting at something.  Apollo departs mournfully.


Dorothy exclaims about Iris being Poly's mother and wonders what her hint meant, and if that means Lurline is also Zurline, and if her three goddess friends ever visited her.  After Polychrome returns to the Rainbow, Ozma tells her that it's all just a myth, rooted in truth, but a myth no less. 


In the following days, Dorothy goes about finding out just how much truth there is.  She first researches Lurline in Professor Wogglebug's library, and discovers references to her in Aztec and Mesoamerican myths, as well as an Egyptian myth of elephants.  After interviewing Orin and Philador in Sapphire City about Quiberon, Dorothy goes to Regalia to speak to Queen Anetty/Planetty, whose fascinated by Dorothy's findings.  Dorothy tells her that Glinda, the Wizard, and Red Jinn sometimes help the Wogglebug acquire books from the outside world, and sometimes he even disguises himself and goes with a student.  One time, Dorothy even went with him to Rome.  With a spell form Ozma, the Wogglebug can make magical copies of any book he can't purchase.  According to one book that he'd acquired from Milan, which along with a staff of archivists and some magical aid, was restored, Dorothy learned of Lurline's connection to the Atlantis myth.


Kabumpo arrives announcing that Randy and Jinnicky plan to modify one of the Wizard's Ozoplanes for space exploration so that they can visit Anetty's home world.  The princess explains that she doesn't wish to go back and would probably be punished if she did, as her people are traditionalists and maintain ideas from when they believed in gods such Kthonthus, who is said to have created Anuther Planet and determined that none would leave it.  She also acknowledges that she wasn't really a princess there, but only pretended to be when she arrived in Oz.  She and Thun were actually security officers (and old friends) who decided to make a jump for it when they passed by Oz's solar system. 


When King Randy and Jinnicky enter the room, she continues, explaining that amongst the mythical powerful beings who lived on a mountain above the clouds was one goddess who sought to make a place just like Anuther Planet.  So, she stole gifts from the other gods to do so.  When it was discovered, Kthonthus banished her to her created realm of Atlantea.  Dorothy comments that that sounds like Atlantis, and the myth sounds like the one she just heard of Lurline.  Anetty doesn't recall the name of the goddess, as her people no longer believe in fairies or myths.


Kabumpo tells Dorothy that she can better find Lurline in ancient Egypt in the tale of Loorlinut, which he'll tell her once they're in Pumperdink.  Everyone agrees to go, and en route they're joined by Polychrome, who tells Dorothy she recalled another detail she'd forgot to mention earlier.  She recounts a recent time she'd spent in Burzee amongst the flower fairies and tree fairies, and how she learned of Zurline's law preventing anyone from picking or cutting down any living thing.  Poly asked her tree fairy friend Pethri if anyone had ever broken the law and ended up enchanted, and she showed Poly one tree, a barren poplar, who had once been a woodcutter.  Although a prohibition prevented any fairy from giving the tree succor, Pethri sometimes snuck and did so anyway.  Upset by this news, Polychrome went the next day to see Ozma.  This was Saturday morning, the day after Trot's birthday.  She inquired how Zurline could be so cruel as to keep a woodcutter not only enchanted, but not cared for.  Ozma promised to inquire and made arrangements to meet with Zurline. 


In Burzee, Zurline greeted them and explained that the woodcutter had committed high crimes against the forest.  She reluctantly acknowledged that it's been 70 years.  When they approached the tree, they spied a man tenderly ministering to it; Zurline identified him as the enchanted woodcutter's brother Gendon Coll.  Gendon had urged Vanden, his brother, not to disregard the warnings of the forest, but he ignored him.  Thinking back to that time, Zurline noted that her warnings were not explicit, and that the brothers had come here because they'd run out of trees sufficient to fuel their homes for the winter.  Realizing she'd been too harsh on both men, she disenchanted the tree back into Vanden.  The brothers embraced, but Zurline held back the fairies from greeting them, wishing to neither instill terror or godly awe in them.  The fairies rejoiced, and Poly was glad of their freedom, as she values that in herself.


The party reach Pumperdink, where after dinner, Prince Pompadore joins them.  Kabumpo tells them the tale of his ancestor Emchay who was the male leader of a herd of wild elephants who lived in Cairo, at a time when there was peace between the people and animals.  After the pharaohs came and monuments began being built to them, the humans began clashing with the animals whose homes they began encroaching upon.  When Akiernet, Emchay's fourth wife, begins to worry that the humans won't stop, Emchay struggles to devise a plan to foil their pride, which he fears is growing unchecked.  His father Toompa, the eldest elephant in the herd, suggests they petition one of their gods, who frequently goes to bathe at a forbidden spring.  But his idea of sending two females, Akiernet and Chanessa, Emchay's eldest daughter, to petition her is rejected by Emchay.  That night, however, the two females decide on their own to go and seek out the goddess.


Loorlinut is the goddess of animals, the companion of Isis, and brother of Ganesha, who like her bears an elephant head, four arms and a giant human body.  The elephants kneel before her, but she knows of their dilemma and tells them to relay her message to move south past the desert to the jungles.  Then she will contain the pride of man in Egypt.  When they return to the herd, they tell the elephants, but wake Emchay last.  He objects and will not migrate with them, so his father Toompa opts to stay as well.  Loorlinut, meanwhile, meets resistance from the ennead, who are only concerned with their human worshipers.  So, she takes things into her own hands.  Loorlinut shrinks the soil back to the Nile, expands the desert, brings asps inward to live on the sands, and enchants the Nile so that it recedes and floods once a year only.  Other animals follow the elephants south, but Loorlinut is never again mentioned in the legends, and the Ennead becomes an Ogdoad.  Dorothy figures that she was exiled, just as in the other myths. 


Suddenly Gendon and Vanden Coll appear with Ozma and Pethri.  The brothers had realized a supernatural element was at work and sought out Zurline to thank her.  She told them the whole story and they went with Pethri to the Emerald City to thank Ozma, and now Pumperdink to thank Polychrome.


Dorothy tells Ozma that the stories she's collected all share a common thread, and Ozma tells her there are more (such as the Asgardian Lorelei and the Rhine Maidens).  She realizes then that her research isn't over, as she wants answers to questions and to figure out how they synch up, but she has enough for a first volume of the Legends of Lurline to be called Lurline and the White Ravens of Oz.  Ozma suggests that she can update it with future expanded editions as she acquires more information about the legends.


The next day, Randy moves forward with his plans to explore space, though he promises his wife not to visit Anuther Planet.  Vanden and Gendon accept Pethri as a sister, as she will stay for awhile with them to serve as a liaison between their village and the fairies of Burzee.  Everyone else returns to their respective homes.  Ozma is reluctant to confirm Lurline's true history, saying only that truth is fragile but legends live forever.  In Kereteria, meanwhile, Nox and Handy laugh as they approach their Septiman village, recalling that they have their own Lurline legend.



Continuity notes:

Anetty: The truth behind Anetty/Planetty, from The Silver Princess in Oz, is here revealed.  She admits that she was not a princess, nor Thun her royal steed.  Both were long-time friends who worked as security officers.  When they passed by Oz's system, they jumped, hoping to escape Anuther Planet.  As of this story, Randy is unaware of her deception, but she intended no harm when she arrived in Oz and told everyone she had been a princess.


Book Collecting in the Outside World: The narrative reveals that the Wogglebug sometimes travels to the Outside World in search of rare books.  Glinda, the Wizard, and Red Jinn also help the Wogglebug in this endeavor, but sometimes he disguises himself and goes with a student.  One time, Dorothy even went with him to Rome.  With a spell of Ozma's, he's able to make magical copies of any book he can't purchase.  The Wogglebug also utilizes a staff of archivists as well as some magical aid to restore books that have been ruined.


Dating: The frame story is not explicitly dated, save that it must take place prior to the first edition's date of 1990 some time in the late Autumn of the year (as noted by the fact that the disenchantment of the woodman in Burzee occurred in the fall, and he immediately embarked on a trip to thank everyone responsible for his disenchantment).  The 1990 (or earlier) year appears at first glance to be somewhat troublesome, as the frame story of the third edition includes titles of books that only came into existence a decade later, and had not yet been conceived, let alone published prior to 1990.  Yet, as the Oz books are accounts of events that occurred in Oz's past, it may be that books of the same name were already written by someone in Oz (such as Professor Wogglebug), and were not transferred to those in the outside world until much later. 


As regards the myths recorded in the story, they cannot and should not be dated for several reasons; 1. they are still considered myths, and not historical events, 2. they include time anomalies that defy logic.  E.g., When Apollo shows Lurline the world below Mount Olympus she sees the Wise Men following the star to the Christ child, an event that occurred in 2 or 3 BCE.  Yet, that very day Athena worries about the fate of the Trojan War, which is said by various historians to have taken place some time as early as 1334 BCE (Eratosthenes) and as late as 700 BCE (Velikovsky and Rohl).  To make matters even more convoluted, that very night Lurline goes and enchants Oz and King Oz, yet Oz wasn't first enchanted until 1227 AD.  To explain this, the text notes that time flows differently in Mount Olympus, except that Lurline sees King Oz at the same time she sees the Wise Men, and at the same time that she witnesses the Trojan War!  The time illogicalities ensure that this and the other correlated myths, which are dated to vastly different times (e.g., Emchay's tale is set at the time of the construction of the great pyramids), but involve the same basic incidents of Lurline stealing magic from the gods to enchant Oz, are but fantastic legends which cannot be treated as historical incidences.


Comparing Editions: The first two editions encompass a shorter version of chapter 2 of the third edition, the section detailing Lurline's entry into the Greek pantheon, her betrothal to Apollo, and her theft of the items she uses to enchant Oz. In this third version, Ozma makes it clear that the Greek legend of Lurline is a myth rooted in truth. The story is framed in a setting in which it's told to Dorothy, the Scarecrow, Cowardly Lion and Handy Mandy by Ozma and Polychrome. Dorothy's later investigation adds additional myths of Lurline, the Egyptian one of Loorlinut told by Kabumpo, and the one of Anuther Planet told by Anetty, and includes Dorothy's attempts to make sense of the contradictory histories, included in Paul Dana's The Law of Oz and Other Stories, Philip John Lewin's The Witch Queen of Oz, Eric Shanower's The Enchanted Apples of Oz, Onyx Madden's The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz, Edward Einhorn's Paradox in Oz, and Jeff Rester's forthcoming Death Comes to Oz.


Dorothy as Historian: As the narrative of the third edition shows, Lurline and the White Ravens of Oz is actually Dorothy's book, compiled from her notes and later expanded (and apparently shared at several periods with Marcus Mebes).  Ozma suggested that Dorothy create expanded editions as she acquires more information about the legends, which explains how later editions came to have expanded and more detailed accounts.  Interestingly, in the third edition Dorothy (or Marcus) chose to includes her role as historian in the larger narrative.  This aspect of Dorothy as educated at Professor Wogglebug's college and interested in history is also present in Dorothy and the Magic Belt, Eureka in Oz, and The Emerald City Mirror, all of which showed that Dorothy got an advance education in Oz.


Gifts of the Gods: Two of the gifts given by the goddesses to Lurline corresponds to a crucial item in two different Oz stories: The Golden Apples are from The Enchanted Apples of Oz, while the opal is from The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz.


Greek Pantheon: Following on the idea put forth in Pendexter III's The Crocheted Cat in Oz that the Greek gods and goddesses were actual immortal beings, Mebes places Lurline (or Lurlin) into their framework, while at the same time indicating that such is a myth based on truth, but not truth itself.  This is played out by Dorothy's discoveries that Lurline appears in various forms in several other competing myths, where she plays the same role.  Pendexter's story indicates that the stories of the gods in the myths did not play out as generally recorded in them, an idea that's also put forth here.  The exact nature of these beings has not yet been set forth, but is currently being researched by Jeff Rester and Joe Bongiorno for their respective books.


Handy Mandy: Handy Mandy acknowledges the existence of the other Handy Mandy, namely Ruth Plumly Thompson's earlier incarnation of a seven-handed girl, a robot created by Solomon T. Wise to cook for him. Sir Solomon is from Supposyville, located "between the Maybe Mountains and the Valley of Somewhere on the Nearlyso River."  That Mandy knows of the existence of this other Handy Mandy indicates that not only is that story in-universe, but that Supposyville itself exists in Oz.  "Handy Mandy: Solomon T. Wise's New Cook" can be found in The Wonder Book (International Wizard of Oz Club, 2006) and Oz-Story Magazine #1 (Hungry Tiger Press, 1995).


King Oz: In the Greek myth, Lurline sees King Oz battle Quiberon, and sends a fairy to aid him.  She then gives King Oz and his wife magical enchantments that benefit them (in terms of immortality) and their children.  She names Oz based on his name, and notes that the queen comes from a line of fairies.  All of this should be considered dubious at this time.


King Pompus: While in Pumperdink, Ozma discovers that King Pompus and Queen Pozy have allowed themselves to age to their sixties.  Prince Pompadore explains that it's because they want him to get married and have children.


Lurline: The Scarecrow notes that several fairies hold the title of Fairy Queen, including Titania, Una and Mab. Whether there are multiple fairy queens or one who holds different names is unresolved in the narrative.  Similarly, the question is raised whether Lurline is the same person as Zurline.  This is also unresolved without any evidence to support the view.  The Royal Timeline of Oz holds the view that Zurline is also Zulena (the fairy from The King of Gee Whiz), but Jeff Rester's forthcoming work will resolve the mystery behind Lurline. Dorothy also encounters various mythologies in which Lurline (in various similar names) plays out the same role of being accepted as a goddess, stealing the magic of the gods (or using forbidden magic) to enchant a land, and getting punished by being exiled to that land.  Thus far, Lurline has played a role in the myths of the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Scandinavians, Atlanteans, Azteks, Mesoamericans, Mernites (Handy Mandy's people), and Anuther Worlders. The truth behind these has not yet been explored, but will also appear in Jeff Rester's forthcoming book.






Time Traveling in Oz


Story: When the Wogglebug comes to the Emerald City one June morning, he takes the elevator up with Betsy Bobbin to Ozma's suite.  As the three talk, Ozma suddenly disappears, and just as suddenly the Wizard appears with Button Bright's Magic Umbrella!  He explains that he was testing time travel with the umbrella when he accidentally prevented Ozma from getting disenchanted after Ugu kidnapped her (in The Lost Princess in Oz). 


The Wizard then whisks Betsy and the Professor back in time with him, commanding the Magic Umbrella (which he's gotten to obey him) to bring him back to the time before he caused the peach pit (Ozma's transformation) to get lost.  He explains that when he first arrived he hid from Button Bright in a tree, but accidentally kicked him, causing the peach pit to fall out of his pocket and into a nearby stream.  Now, after the event repeats itself they must find and retrieve it back to Button Bright's pocket without him knowing.


Climbing the same tree when Button Bright arrives, the Wizard-from-before also arrives, so the present Wizard makes them invisible.  After the Wizard-from-before kicks Button Bright in the head and the peach pit falls out and into the stream, the present Wizard makes them visible and commands the Magic Umbrella to go after the peach pit as fast as it can.  It does, but the Magic Umbrella gets torn on the branches, causing them to plummet into a fast-moving river, but the pit eludes them as it goes down a hole in a rock that runs along the shore.  They follow on land till they reach the gates of Rip City.  An unusual being that looks like a tear in space opens the gate and explains to them that whenever rips are sewn up, they come to this city.  The city is miles-wide on the inside and filled with millions of rips.  At the tattered palace of the king, two ripped pages hold the peach pit, which the king offers to the travelers when they claim it.  He also gives them a box of rips.  The Wizard then pops a "mile pill," and commands it to take them nine miles north. 


They arrive near to the Oz party, so turning invisible again, the Wizard  sneaks up to Button Bright and places the pit back in his pocket.  Going back to Betsy and the Wogglebug, they worry that with the Magic Umbrella torn they're stuck in the past, but the Wizard says the umbrella can be repaired in Needland.  With his magic floating powder, they soar up into the clouds towards the Munchkin Country.  As the powder begins to wear off, the Wizard supplies them with two cans of compressed air which will keep them aloft, but they panic and shoot off, forcing the Wizard to follow them as they splash down in a river upon a mountain in the Gillikin Country. 


They're met by the Purple Mountaineers and the Mayor of Heliotropeville, who requests they help disenchanting the Violet Forest.  Years ago, an evil magician attacked them during a celebration feast in the forest, turning the mayor into a gold brick and a knight into a silver spear, which he plunged into the gold brick, at the same time enchanting the forest so that all the creatures in it were turned to bronze.  Though the magician later fell into a canyon, the spell remains until the silver and gold can be separated.  The Purple Mountaineers each try to remove it, but cannot.  Finally, Betsy gives it a go and easily pulls it out.  With the enchantment broken, everyone in the forest is restored.  There is a great feast, after which the Mayor uses magic to float them down the mountainside with a picnic basked of food. 


After hours of walking, they come to the Gillikin Forest where the Wizard creates a magical tent, table, beds and lamp.  But after eating and going to sleep, two Kalidahs report them to the Kalidah King, who uses his magic crystal to transport them to him.  As the creatures close in for the kill, the Wizard shatters a glass bottle against the Kalidah King's head, causing the kalidahs to sneeze uncontrollably.  The travelers make their escape out of the woods and beyond the reach of the magic crystal, after which they again pitch a tent.


In the morning, they resume their travels to Needland, which lays on the border of the Quadling and Munchkin Countries, by the Deadly Desert.  Before long they come to a green castle made of mud and giant palm trees, which belongs to the Leaf People, living plants, whose King Tumbleweed is a distant cousin of the Mangaboos (from Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz).  The King is friendly until he learns the travelers befriended the King of Rip City, at which point he throws them in the Dungeon of Quick Sand, angry that quintillions of his grass subjects get ripped up.  Remembering the box of rips, the Wogglebug tosses one against the wall, creating a rip that allows them to escape.


Bored in the palace, meanwhile, Dorothy wishes herself to the Quadling Country by means of the Magic Belt she's wearing.  En route to Glinda's she passes by an entrance in a small mountain and decides to explore.  The cavern is lit by numerous lanterns.  Grabbing the largest one, which is gold and ruby shod, she presses button releasing the Lantern Elf King Lanty.  He's heard of Dorothy and invites her to dine, along with everyone else at the palace.  She declines, so he gives her a gold candle that can send her out the mountain on the other side.  The only catch is that it destroys other magic, and he is unaware that she's wearing the Magic Belt.  When she emerges facing the Hill of the Hammerheads, she discovers the Belt is gone.  So, blowing a silver whistle, she summons Glinda's storks who come to bear her to Glinda's castle.  Glinda brings her to the Great Book of Records to find out what happened to the Belt, and it's revealed that it returned to the first person who touched it after its creation, a gnome magician named Hitveoehun, who now lives in an onyx cave under the Deadly Desert, which he built when the nomes invaded Oz (The Emerald City of Oz).  Telling Ozra, the leader of her stork girls to transform into storks (The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz), Glinda and Dorothy fly off to the Emerald City, where Jellia Jamb informs them that Oz has been conquered by the Hitveoehun and his Magic Belt


The Wizard and his companions, meanwhile, arrive a mile from their destination, where they enter the Valley of Reality.  The Wizard is turned into a nervous old man, Betsy a sad old woman, and the Wogglebug a stupid insect.  When the Wizard acknowledges he's been secretive and apologizes, he turns back; when Betsy admits she's been gloomy and apologizes, she turns back; when the Wogglebug admits he puts on airs and acts smarter than he really is and apologizes, he turns back.  At last they reach Needland.  The Munchkin Gatekeeper brings them to the Royal Seamstress who mends the tear with a magic needle.  In thanks, Betsy gifts her with a pearl and emerald necklace.  Holding on this friends, the Wizard commands the Magic Umbrella back to the moment they left their own time in Ozma's room.  Ozma is surprised, but is soon appraised of all that transpired.  But when she goes to have a banquet prepared, she discovers that Hitveoehun has taken over, and just then Glinda and Dorothy arrive.


When Glinda denies the gnome the title he wants, he turns her into an onyx statue.  The Wizard arrives with the three Wishing Necklaces (The Wishing Horse of Oz), which he places on the necks of Ozma and Dorothy, and wishes the gnome into a pebble, but before he can count to six for the spell to take effect, Hitveoehun turns him into onyx.  Jellia sneaks in the Silence Stone (The Gnome King of Oz) to hit him with, but he transforms first.  Dorothy picks up the stone and manages to hit him on the head with it before she too is transformed.  With the gnome unable to speak, Betsy rushes over and grabs the Magic Belt from around his waist and puts it on hers.  Using his own powers, he hurls a fireball at her, but she grabs a mirror from the wall and reflects it back at him.  He's turned into a match, which Professor Wogglebug picks up, lights a candle with, and then douses with water, causing another explosion that makes Hitveoehun to disappear.  But the Magic Belt disappears as well!


With the Magic Umbrella and the help of Button Bright, Betsy and the Wogglebug fly to Glinda's to learn that the Belt has gone to the Land of Destroyed Magical Appliances.  The four then fly there and are met by the Guardian of the Magical Appliances.  Introducing themselves as ambassadors of Oz, the Guardian retrieves the Belt for them, but for it to regain its powers, they must go to the room where it was destroyed.  With the Belt around Betsy's waist, they fly back to the Emerald City, where she wishes everyone enchanted back to normal.  The magical devices locked back up in the safe, everyone enjoys the banquet and two day party Ozma prepared.


Continuity notes:

Betsy Bobbin and her Sudden Strength: Betsy's home town is here noted for the first time as Lone Grove, Oklahoma. There is no explanation as to how or why Betsy is able to pull the silver spear out of the gold brick when several mountaineers were unable to.  It's an obvious King Arthur parable, but in the context of this story (or any other involving Betsy), it has no greater meaning other than to give a random girl the power that no strong man has.  Otherwise, Betsy does not become a queen (or even a princess) and the narrative gives no reason why she should have been granted this sudden ability.


Button-Bright's Umbrella: As noted in The Magic Umbrella of Oz, Button Bright's umbrella was left in the past with his ancestor, and would likely have eventually come to reside in Philadelphia with his uncle Bob.  At this point in time, 25 years later, it seems likely that Button Bright retrieved it from his uncle's home when he died.  Though it may be possible that time travel was one of the umbrella's original properties that no one knew about, it seems more likely that the events that occured to the Magic Umbrella in The Magic Umbrella of Oz (which included time traveling) appear to have given it the ability to travel in time, which the Wizard is exploring for the first time (and last if he's smart) in this story.  


Dating: The time traveling portion that briefly revisits the events of The Lost Princess of Oz is listed as taking place in 1917.  This date is based on the erroneous idea that the Oz books take place the year of their publication.  While it is impossible to date that story for a certainty, The Royal Timeline of Oz lists The Lost Princess of Oz as taking place in 1908.  The discrepancy in the text can be chalked up to historian error.


Magic Belt: If one accepts K. Kline's Kaliko in Oz in their personal canon (it is listed here in the Parallel Histories section), there was an issue of a contradiction between the origin of the Magic Belt as presented in this story and the one in Kleins.  This was resolved in an essay by Tyler Jones entitled, Who Made the Magic Belt. For archival purposes (and fans), it is presented in the continuity notes of Kaliko in Oz


Imby Amby: Imby Amby is listed as one of the Guardians of the Gate.  As the gates to the city would have four guardians, this may be one of the lesser known guardians, and apparently is Omby Amby's brother.  Another guardian is Mozel Tav (from the stories of Margaret Berg).


Palace: The author mistaken cites Ozma's suite as being on the seventh floor, when it's actually on the second (see "Palace Layout" in the Appendices).  Also, the palace appears to only have four floors, though the Wizard's tower room may ascend higher than this.


Rip City: This absurd place is akin in some respects to the Braided Man's invisible flutters and rustles, which are whimsical, but nonsensical.  An entire city of sapient rips can be seen as suspect.









The Lunechien Forest of Oz


Story: The Lunechien Forest of Oz, located in the Munchkin Country, is home to many rare animals in Oz.  One day, the rabbit Checkers tells Elephant that a newcomer's been spotted.  Concerned that it might be a witch or nome, even Ruggedo himself, he goes to discuss the matter with the bear Winnie, whose cave-home lies in the center of the forest.  The brown bear (named after the A. A. Milne character), is a legal consultant and informs Elephant that new citizens must first pass the rite of passage.


Elephant tracks down the newcomer, who introduces himself as Quasoic, a unique creature to Oz called a Yakobea, who flew there from his old home in the south (a place called Schnerville) in order to get more privacy.  Elephant informs him of the rite of passage and leads Yakobea to meet Winnie, who to his embarrassment he confuses for a dog, as he knows of most animals species only from books, and often confuses them. 


The next day after meeting more citizens, Quasoic is told of the rite: He must collect a pebble from the Forbidden Cavern of Truthstones, bring it to the Cifoicai Cliff and spend the night there.  The Yakobea enters the caverns, which have been swept clean.  There he meets a giant mouse named Tiny, who refuses to help him find the pebble, and tells him he should turn back.  Quasoic moves on to meet a giant snake the size of an elephant named Ruthie the Rattlesnake, who congratulates him on his courage but cannot help him.  There are four doors in each direction, and Quasoic chooses the west one.  The snake utters a riddle and opens the door for him.  It leads to a white marble room with white abstract sculptures.  The door vanishes behind him and he's greeted by two albino dragons, who lead him to a hallway that branches off in three directions, the gardens, Houghton Room, and exit out of the caverns.  Quasoic heads to the gardens.


Elephant, meanwhile, hopes Quasoic will pass the test.  Whiskers the rabbit and Lisa the Hoot Owl reminisce on their own difficult trials.  Lisa flies off to check on the newcomer's progress and watches as he enters a greenhouse where a giant venus flytrap opens its mouth to let out a lobo and tiger.  Tiger and Louie the Lobo ask the Yakobea if he's good to eat.  Quasoic reasons that he's got no reason to fear, and suggests they should be friends.  Tiger then leads him to the Houghton Room, where he can attain the Truthstone if he can figure out how the two machines work.


In the purple and blue room, Quasoic presses a button on the purple machine, causing a face to appear on the screen.  It tells him he must correctly answer a question or be sent to America, where those with wrong answers thrive.  His machine asks him who he is, if he knows himself, and if he's happy with who he is.  Quasoic answers that he's courageous without being violent or hate-filled.  The blue machine then prints out a map to the Truthstone buried in Cifoicai Cliff.  Lisa meets him at the cliff to congratulate him, but a table suddenly appear with three humans sitting at three of its sides.  Quasoic is invited to play a hand.  Through having never seen humans before, he sits to play.  After a time, the three tempt him to bet Lisa.  He refuses.  They then tell him to bet the Truthstone, and call him a coward.  He agrees to one game, betting the stone, but insisting that if he wins they must each serve him for a year.  If he loses, he'll serve each of them for a year.  By raising the stakes so high, he gets them all to fold.


While Betsy and Trot preside over court in the Emerald City, the Wizard and Glinda are visiting Macvelt, and Ozma, Dorothy, Toto, the Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion are traveling, meeting Ozma's subjects.  Just then, they arrive at the Lunechien Forest.  Checkers wakes up Elephant at noon to tell him that not only has Quasoic passed the test, but that Queen Ozma has entered their forest!  Elephant rushes off to welcome them.


[The events of Jaglon and the Tiger Fairies are here summarized: The Tiger Fairies raise the orphaned cub Jaglon, who grows up to be noble-hearted and true. After learning that his people were exiled for being domineering, he travels to the Inner Circle of the Wilderness to reclaim their lost honor. There, he challenges the cruel Lion King Avok, who wishes to drown his nephews so that his son will succeed him on the throne and not the offspring of the former king, his brother. Jaglon defeats him and becomes king, while the blinded Avok falls into a lake and drowns.]


Quasoic arrives from his trials to meet Ozma and Dorothy, but he struggles with remembering which  animal species are which.  Thus, he mistakes Toto for a muskrat, the Hungry Tiger for a skunk and the Cowardly Lion for a kalidah.  When the Lion scolds him for insulting them, the Yakobea runs off ashamed.


As the former Lion King Avok sinks to the bottom of the lake, he calls out to the Lion Fairies, asking why they've forsaken him.  Yaes, the Lion Fairy, tells him that he's been wicked and cruel: he intended to murder his three nephews; he led his brother to his death; he even let his son go hungry on many nights.  Yet, they have kept him alive despite this.  He concedes that he is unworthy and asks for a painless death so that he can go to the Spirit World.  They inform him that he'll be miserable and alone if he does.  Instead, they will let him make up for his evil ways.  He will no longer live as a king, but as a beast of burden amongst humans. 


Avok mysteriously surfaces in the country of the Mudgers in the southern part of the Munchkin Country in the Land of Oz.  There, King Mustnotta is determined to find a unique gift for his grandson's graduation.  As his chamberlain Quazzywaller goes off to gather a raiding party of thieves to secure a gift, Skylitochit, the oldest person in Mudger, arrives with a large book that had just arrived warning the Mudgers that if they again cross their borders, they will suffer the consequences (an event that was first mentioned in The Cowardly Lion of Oz). The king takes the warning seriously.


Days later, Skylitochit brings the Monarch of Mudge good news.  An unusual animal has been spotted in Mudge, a blind lion.  Overjoyed, the king has the lion captured and brought to his grandson as a gift.  The Royal Grandson adores the lion and showers affection upon him, but his father, King Mustnotta's son, Prince Stabilofax declares that as he is allergic to the creature, a cage must be built to put him in several miles away from their tent.


Five years later, King Mustnotta chooses not to compete against his son in the elections, and abdicates the throne to Prince Stabilofax.


A year later, while strolling through his domain, King Stabilofax comes upon Avok in his cage and begins violently sneezing.  Determining the lion must go, he opens the cage and kicks him, telling him he is free, but Avok complains that he is given steady meals and is cared for with affection.  The king then ties a rope around his neck and pulls him out, warning him that if he ever lays eyes on him again he will chop off all his legs.  With that Avok departs Mudge.


(Four years later, King Stabilofax abdicates and his son Prince Mustafa takes the throne, beginning his collection of lions, but never learning of his father's treachery.)


After leaving Mudge, Avok crosses a bridge over a small stream and comes upon a stranger who offers him tea, claiming it will heal his blindness.  Instead, it puts him to sleep for many long years, and Avok dreams of his wife Atlith and the long years he spent in Wilderness.


When he awakens years later, he walks many miles until he arrives at the Lunechien Forest, where he is greeted by the ape Twirler.  He tells Twirler that he was defeated by a wicked tiger and asks if he can stay.  Determining that the trials would be unfair to put a blind lion through, he agrees to set him up in an empty cave that none but he know of, and he will teach him where to gather food and all the clear paths.  After Avok's become independent, he'll introduce him to the other residents of the forest.


Weeks later, Avok has learned where the food-bearing trees are, and can walk the familiar paths, so he determines to explore unfamiliar paths.  After joyfully frolicking for some hours, he comes upon Lisa the Hoot Owl, who offers to take him back to his home.  He tells her of his loss of position and home to a wicked tiger who blinded him and tried to drown him.  She assures him that Ozma would tolerate no such thing in her land.  His own land was less civilized, but he is grateful to now have his friend Twirler, though sad that he can't see him.  Lisa reasons that, Oz being a fairyland, she can help him.  She then takes out her eyes and puts them in Avok's sockets.  The lion is amazed at the beauty of the world around him, and thinks of all that he'd missed while he'd been blind.  He determines then to find his Wilderness, defeat Jaglon, and leave his eyes for Lisa.  The owl protests and demands her eyes back, but the lion disappears into the forest.


Lisa manages to find her way to Yakobea, who is feeling sorry for himself.  She tells him what happened to her, and he determines that he can help her.  Having her say the word icicle, he (magically) removes the i's from the word and fashions eyes for his friend.  She rejoices. 


As Ozma and her entourage prepare to depart, the Cowardly Lion smells another lion nearby.  Avok approaches and announces himself as the true ruler of Wilderness and enemy of all tigers. Although the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger grow sad at the slanted account he gives of what befell him at the hands of Jaglon, Ozma tells him his behavior is not as a gentlecreature, though she will consider granting him his wish to return to Wilderness.  Quasoic and Lisa arrive to inform him that the beast is a liar and has stolen the owl's eyes.  Quasoic engages Avok in battle, but Ozma will not allow violence.  Before she wishes on her Magic Belt, however, Twirler appears and scolds them for picking on a blind lion.  Lisa informs him that he can see due to having her eyes, which he stole. 


Upon seeing his friend, Avok breaks down in shame and sorrow.  At that, Yaes the Lion Fairy appears and explains that at last he's reached awareness, and will now come with them to become a Lion Fairy and help other lions attain enlightenment.  With that they are gone, and everyone thanks Quasoic for his bravery and kindness, and peace again reigns in the Lunechien Forest.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The text explicitly states that the main story takes place in the 1990s, however, as it was written in 1990, that is undoubtedly the earliest it could take place.  The flashback to "The Story of Jaglon," is listed as 1905, but that is the date of the story's publication and doesn't reflect when it took place, it should be disregarded.  Similarly, Dulabone dates events leading up to the narrative in The Cowardly Lion of Oz according to that book's publication date.  While these dates should be chalked up to historian error, the span of years he indicates is reasonable and have been here maintained. 


While the dating of Jaglon's story is unknown, the arrival of the lion Avok in Mudge occurs in 1902, which is when Glinda sent the Mudgers the book warning them that if they continued to raid other lands, there would be consequences.  Avok's arrival appears to indicate that "The Story of Jaglon" takes place in 1902 as well, though there may be other possibilities, e.g., the powerful animal fairies might have kept Avok in a state of animated suspension for an unspecified period of time until 1902; they effectively do the same thing to Avok when they (presumably) give him the tea that puts him to sleep until 1990. 


The ascension of Prince Stabilofax to the throne occurs five years later (Dulabone has it in 1910) in 1907.  In 1908 (1911 in the book), the king forces Avok out of Mudge.  Dulabone sets up the coronation of King Stabilofax's son King Mustafa in The Cowardly Lion of Oz four years later in 1912.  Mustafa would require at least a year to have his warriors round up the ten thousand lions that live in Mudge. Based on the New Chronology (which harmonizes with Thompson's The Giant Horse of Oz), this would necessitate placing the events of The Cowardly Lion of Oz in 1913, after other books that succeed it in publication order.  While unusual, this is not unheard of and doesn't harm continuity.


Jaglon: Chapter 9 effectively summarizes the version of the Animal Fairy Tale, "The Story of Jaglon," expanded by Jack Snow, called Jaglon and the Tiger Fairies.  Dulabone expands it slightly further, mainly by providing names and minor roles for the various unnamed animals in that story.  See Names and jokes below.


Names and jokes: The author names several characters after friends and colleagues, e.g., the Lion Gannaway (Ryan Gannaway), as well as the illustrator of the Jaglon and the Tiger Fairies, Dale Ulrey.  While this is clearly a case of artistic license, they should be disregarded as actual names.  Similarly, on page 80 and 83, he notes that King Mustnotta went on to become a "high school counselor," while his son King Stabilofax went on to head a "professional babysitting service."  While these are clearly jokes, they're also absurd from an Oz-as-history perspectiveas they break the fourth wall and are out of place (the story is a fantasy-adventure, not a satire, and should have been edited out)and should be disregarded as historian interpolation.


Owl Eyes: The absurdity of fashioning eyes out of the "i's" that come from the spoken word "icicle" is implausible, but Carrollian nonsense is not entirely unheard of in Oz, though difficult to parse in any measurable way.  While it's possible that the Lunechian Forest has powerful magical capabilities, or that Quasoic does, such abilities are never mentioned elsewhere, and even the author himself notes that it's silly, which could be an argument towards the idea that he made it up for the sake of a joke, and that Lisa actually got her eyes back from Ozma or the Lion Fairies, both of whom she encounters shortly after losing them to Avok. 


Stranger: It appears that the stranger who gave Avok tea, claiming it would cure his blindness, but putting him to sleep for many years, was Yaes the Lion Fairy, who effectually cured the lion's figurative blindness.










Bungle and the Magic Lantern of Oz

Story: When Dr. Pipt and Victor Columbia Edison locate the former magician's trapdoor in the attic, they discover the former magician's spells, formulas and vials. Margolette reminds her husband that Ozma forbid him to practice magic, to which he responds that since being straightened by the Wizard, he's been unable to.


That night, while the couple are asleep, a Chimera with three heads, that of a goat, a lion, and a serpent, which is at the end of the creature's tail, bursts into the house.  After subduing the couple, the creature's master enters.  In a panic, Victor knocks over a table upon which sits the Liquid of Petrifaction, splashing Dr. Pipt and Margolette, and turning them into statues once again.


In the Emerald City, Dorothy inquires of the polite Polit Burro if he's seen Toto.  The green donkey pauses in his message of revolution against the forces of the Fairy Imperialists to tell her that Toto and Bungle are watching the Magic Picture, and that he'll meet up with them at dinner.  Dorothy goes up to see them, but the Glass Cat is in a surly mood, and when Dorothy reminds her of how loopy she was when she didn't have her pink brains speaks rudely towards Dorothy, Bungle snaps at her and Dorothy snaps back.  The Glass Cat then decides to leave the Emerald City.  Toto dares her to leave for six months.  Agreeing, she goes to Ozma to request that she be sent to Dr. Pipt's house.  Toto decides to take the trip with her.


Later at dinner, Victor bursts in, telling everyone what happened at Dr. Pipt's house.  Bungle and Toto, meanwhile, arrive at the house to find it in shambles, with the doctor and his wife statues.  The Chimera emerges, threatening them.  Bungle hands Toto a potion of Juice Ex Machina to drink and reluctantly he does so, while asking for someone to come rescue them.  Suddenly, out of a pan emerges a penguin made of macaroni!  Telling Toto and Bungle he came as a result of his wish, the Macaroni Penguin hits the Chimera on all three of its heads and vows to forever protect the pair. 


When the Chimera awakens they run outside just in time to see a five-foot long Airworm burrow through the sky before them. The Airworm, Yartii, explains that what they do is necessary to keep the air from getting clogged up and constricted.  When Yartii goes to leave, the Chimera pounces and ties them all up, using the Airworm as a rope.  The group are brought to a nearby house where the creature's master resides.  Inside is a wild boar who introduces himself as Balthasar, the world's first Boarceror.  Having desired magic since he was a piglet, but derided or attacked by those who might teach him, he decided to learn on his own and stole books from Mombi.  But the complex spells required hands, so upon learning from one of the books that Dr. Pipt had in his possession a genie in a bottle in the attic, he went and asked for it.  When Dr. Pipt refused to give it to him, insisting it was too dangerous, the boar didn't believe him and thought he was being selfish.  With his hired muscle, the Chimera, he stole it.  Because he doesn't know how to release the genie, however, he requires Bungle's help.  The Glass Cat refuses, so the boar uses Dr. Pipt's Spell of Simpering Sweetness on her.  Bungle's ruby heart melts and she tells him how to release the genie.


No longer needing his captives, Balthasar tells the Chimera to eat the others.  While they roll out of the creature's way and out the door, the boar then pushes Bungle out the window.  Although she stops the Chimera by falling upon its heads, she shatters in the process.  Toto, Mac and Yartii gather up her broken pieces, and Mac starts using his cheese to adhere them together.  Toto figures out that mud will do just as well, and after a long time they manage to put her back together.  Cracked and missing pieces, including her pink brains, which they were unable to recover, Bungle awakens foggy.  Mac gives her a literal "wise crack" on the head, which helps restore her personality. 


Dismayed by her condition, she recalls the Boarceror's plans and determines to stop him, explaining that she was brought to life shortly after Dorothy destroyed the Wicked Witch of the East.  The evil genie had been tearing up the Munchkin Country, and with no one else to stop him, the people begged Dr Pipt to do something.  With Bungle in tow, Dr. Pipt confronted Grunge El-Badde and used his wits to trick him into entering the lantern, where he's remained ever since.  Bungle fears that if he's released, he'll destroy all of Oz.


Yartii comes up with a plan.  Opening up a vortex in space, he takes Toto and Bungle into an air-tunnel, which takes them into Dr. Pipt's house, past the Chimera guarding the entrance.  Mac, meanwhile, distracts the three-headed creature who chases him into a dead end, where the Airworm returns just in time, opening up an air-tunnel to the Nonestic, which the Chimera falls through.


But they are all too late, as Balthasar has already released the genie, who not only refuses to grant the boar any wishes, but decides to punish him instead, turning him into a plate of bacon!  Bungle tries to trick him back into the bottle by reminding him of all the objects he must have left in there, but when the four friends are unable to shut the lid, the genie emerges hurling Bungle across the room and preparing to destroy the others.


Suddenly, Ozma, Dorothy, the Hungry Tiger, Scarecrow, and Shaggy Man arrive.  With her Magic Belt, Ozma wishes him back in the lantern forever and stores it in her vault.  Ozma then restores Dr. Pipt and Margolette, and brings everyone back to the throne room, explaining that they'd been watching them in the Magic Picture ever since Victor arrived to warn them.  She thanks Bungle and Toto, and restores the Glass Cat to her former pristine self.  Balthasar and the Chimera are then turned into infant versions of themselves who will be raised properly by Ozian farm animals, who will teach them to be good. 


Yatiir stays to visit for awhile, while Mac moves into the Emerald City.  The Polit Burro declares them Heroes of the People.  Victor unfortunately plays all his records until the Shaggy Man attacks him and he runs off.  Bungle admires herself in the mirror and determines that the Emerald City needs her.


Continuity notes:

Airworm: This is the first appearance of Yatiir the Airworm.  Airworms are intelligent wormlike creature that can tunnel through air.  


Bungle: This is the third time Bungle cracks.  See "The Glass Cat" entry in the Appendices for a list. This is also not the first time Bungle's gotten offended by the remarks of others and sought to leave the Emerald City. Dorothy insults her again, leading her to go on a trip in The Hidden Prince of Oz.  Munchkins also insult her in Bungle of Oz.


Dating: Takes place in October. According to the narrative, the genie's been in the lantern for "almost a hundred years." Given that the evil genie was first trapped in the bottle in 1899, and that the story was written in 1990, that gives us a date no later than 1990.


Dr. Pipt: Dr. Pipt is shown to have been a hero around the time of 1899 when he confronted and tricked an evil genie on the loose in the Munchkin Country. As of this time, Dr. Pipt has not as yet petitioned Ozma to practice magic again.  He's also still straightened out.  Some time within the decade, he does, is approved, and gets physically crooked again, as he is practicing magic prior to the events of Bungle of Oz.


Grunge El-Badde: An evil genie who once tore up the Munchkin Country in the days after the Wicked Witch of the East was destroyed by Dorothy, but before Ozma came to the throne.  Dr. Pipt was asked to stop him by locals, which he did by bottling him.  Nothing is known of where he came from, or how he ended up rampaging through Oz, though he does reference terms like "sheik," "emir" and other Arabic-sounding words, he doesn't identify as a typical genie in that he calls himself a destroyer of wishes, as opposed to a granter of them. The text refers to him as both a genie and an "evil spirit."


Infant: Ozma might have gotten the idea of transforming Balthasar and the Chimera into babies from the events that befell Mombi and Nikidik the Younger when they were enchanted by the Youthing Powder in Dorothy and the Magic Belt.


Macaroni Penguin: Mac, the Macaroni Penguin is brought to life when Toto ingests Dr. Pipt's potion of Juice Ex Machina, which Bungle suggested he do, while wishing for someone to save them.  Mac promises to serve as a guardian to Toto and Bungle, and moves into the Emerald City.  Macaroni penguins are actually real creatures, crested penguins resembling royal penguins, but with a yellow crest, giving him the name of the style denoting flamboyance and extravagance.  This Macaroni Penguin, however, is literally made from macaroni and cheese, which Dr. Pipt and Margolette had eaten earlier and left behind in the pot as leftovers (which doesn't say much for her cleaning-up skills since she left it in the pot overnight). He's smart, has a sunny disposition, and is courageous in the face of danger.


Polit Burro: A burro who lives in the Emerald City, handing out flyers for the People's Rebellion against the Fairy Imperialists and crying revolution.  The protest is more symbolic than anything else, as the green donkey is polite, sensitive, and friends with the "oppressors," the Ozian royalty.


Victor Columbia Edison: The talking victrola named Vic was first brought to life The Patchwork Girl of Oz, and appears in few stories since.  He is revealed here to have visited Margolette once every Saturday (which would have been for about 15 years).  She lets him move back in with them in this story, but his ill treatment at the hands of the Shaggy Man at the end of this tale appears to have left Victor feeling bitter towards people, as revealed in The Astonishing Tale of the Gump in Oz, and it may be that he left Dr. Pipt and Margolette, or was thrown out of the house again at some point.  He is helped by a girl from the Outside World, who feels sorry for him, in the book The Lonely Phonograph of Oz. He appears again in Carrie Bailey's Bungle of Oz, where he's married, and Bar Sira's "The Boundaries of Oz" (see the 1999 entry on the mainline timeline).









Ruggedo in Oz

Story: During a parade in New York, orphan sister and brother Junipee and Stot are picked up by a giant float of their favorite cereal mascot Chubby Cub, which gathers them in its giant cereal bowl balloon and floats off into the sky.  Two days later, the balloon lands in the Quadling Country of Oz and floats off.  Walking through a purple meadow they soon meet farmers Ubb and Genfa, who tell them they're in Oz, and feed them from their baconouba melons.  They'd never seen African Americans before, and when the kids ask for a telephone, they seem confused, and direct them to find the Pebble and Rock Man.


Following their directions, they see a sign, but a turkey warns them that he has a reputation and is unfriendly.  They kids are surprised to converse with a turkey, but press on, entering a dark cave where they encounter a rock-colored man smoking a pipe.  He explains that he doesn't have a telephone, but a tellus stone, which is a magical rock that allows him to speak to anyone else who has a tellus stone.  He introduces himself as Ruggedo, former King of the Nomes before being deposed by his chamberlain Kaliko (whose not even of royal blood).  He explains that all the precious gems that exist in their country exist because of the work of the Nomes underground, without which their civilization would collapse. 


Ruggedo tells the children his tale, claiming to have been an innocent Nome until his father Cavernonko retired and he reluctantly took over.  He ruled wisely and peaceably for a long time until he had dealings with the King of Ev, who sought to sell his family to slavery.  Junipee objects to slavery, but Ruggedo assures him it was long ago.  This led to the lost of his Magic Belt due to the meddling of Ozma and Dorothy, and then later his kingdom due to the interference of Betsy Bobbin.  He was also robbed of his memory twice, eventually leading him to where he is now, making pebbles for rock gardens.


Stot enjoys his stories, but Junipee informs him that they wish to return to New York.  Ruggedo agrees to help, but they must first consult the Pillar of Truth, an underground stone pillar that he only just discovered, but which is the reason he settled in this cave years earlier.  The Pillar is a sparkling white column with gems simulating the face of an old man.  They ask how to return home, and it tells them to travel with the Nome King.  Ruggedo asks how he can regain his position, and it tells him to take the Colorless Gloves from the Queen of the Mangaboos.  Ruggedo explains that once he has back his Magic Belt, he can send them home.  He doesn't know how to get to the Vegetable Kingdom of the Mangaboos, and the Pillar tells him to follow Eureka.  As Ruggedo had never met Eureka before, he leads the children south to the Emerald City.


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, Ozma, Dorothy, Toto, Cap'n Bill, Trot, Betsy, the Shaggy Man, Tik-Tok, the Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger, Eureka and Bungle are gathered to see the Wizard shows off his newest invention, the Health Lamp, which can cure wounds, broken hearts, low spirits and provide sun-tans.  Toto departs to meet one of the piglets while the Wizard attempts to make his invention work.  But when the bulb suddenly explodes, everyone in the room starts to shrink to the size of fleas, even Tik-Tok!  Ozma halts the shrinking with her wand, but it's all she can do.  Only Eureka and the Glass Cat remain their normal size.  The Shaggy Man suggests sending them to Glinda to get help.


Eureka and Bungle depart, but they bicker about the assignment, and Bungle tricks her into going to the Tin Castle, where she claims to have overheard the newspaper's editor say Glinda was heading there.  When Eureka departs, the Glass Cat heads south, but then all of a sudden she ends up in the Gillikin Country.  This is due to Ruggedo.  When he and the children neared the Emerald City, he checked his tell-on-scope, a spy device made of a flat round stone.  He asked to see a cat, and was shown the Glass Cat (unaware that it's not Eureka).  Because Bungle's made of a mineral, he can control her to some degree, and draws her towards them.  But when the Nome calls her Eureka, she plays along, telling a story about Ozma having transformed her to glass when she and Dorothy came to live there.  Ruggedo announces who he is and threatens that if she doesn't guide them to the Mangaboo Kingdom, he'll shatter her.  Bungle doesn't know where it is, but as they enter the Winkie Country and settle for lunch, she goes on ahead and gets directions from a mouse, whose learned about it from the earthworms.


The shrunken Ozites, meanwhile, are forced to hide when Jellia Jamb comes to clean the room, fearful she'll step on them or mop them away.  The Hungry Tiger leads them through a crack between the tiles to the wall, where they come to a mouse hole.  Ozma determines to see if there's anything she can do to make her mouse citizens happy, and they discover a giant city built by the mice.  Thousands of them have gathered for a political rally, and Betsy warns them that they're now as small to the mice as mice are normally to them.  So Ozma uses her wand to expand their shadows and use them to speak through.


The mouse citizens of Eroveechkeevna are disturbed by the visit of the encroaching shadows, but Ozma's shadow reassures them that she speaks for Ozma and that they come in peace.  But the two presidents, Harcheevchack and Sorgheefdrock say they won't grovel before the Colossicans, which is what they call the giants of the Oversized World.  They wish for assurances that the appointed line of Lurline will not enslave them, an assurance that Ozma makes.  That settled, they explain that both presidents are equal and their elections are just for good civic feeling.  When Dorothy inquires about the Queen of the Field Mice, they explain that all mice are republics now and that the Queen was deposed and re-elected Supreme President for Life. 


Torseechundo, the ambassador for the Republic of Beevboobrala, then arrives and tells them he was late due to having to give directions to the Mangaboo Kingdom to a glass cat traveling with Ruggedo.  Tik-Tok believes Bungle was abducted and that Ruggedo's reformation has again not stuck.  The Ozites bid farewell to the mice and head back to the throne room, anxious to figure out how to save Bungle.


The next day, Bungle leads his companions through a Winkie prairie when they come to the Deadly Desert at last.  The Nome announces that they could take the underground tunnel his Nomes dug years ago.  When Bungle tries to counter that it was filled in, Ruggedo explains that the transformations of the Magic Belt don't last forever and wear off.  Creating an entrance, they enter down into the tunnel that goes beneath the Desert.  When the party pauses to sleep, the Glass Cat goes on ahead, and sees eyes looking through various cracks along the way.  Calling out the beings, Bungle discovers that all the eyes belong to a single creature, who calls itself Geodd.  As it won't come out, Bungle bids it goodbye and moves on.


Eureka rejoins the party in the throne room, explaining how she'd been tricked by Bungle, but they tell her she's been taken by Ruggedo.  Dorothy suggests bringing water from the Fountain of Oblivion, but Shaggy doesn't see the point.  Eureka agrees to transport them and Ozma's wand transports them to in-between her shoulder blades. 


Ruggedo and his party, meanwhile, make it into Ev and climb back up to the surface, where they begin searching for food and shelter.  They're drawn by a light and approach a large ship with wheels.  They're met by the Sandamanders, who have the heads of men and women, the bodies of lobsters and the legs of kangaroos.  They are friendly explorers who live in the Deadly Desert, which to them is the Deserts of the Sands of Life.  They serve their guests pies (which have been preserved by the sands, but have all traces of it removed) and give them bunks to sleep in.  They've been stuck where they are for 319 years, but as time has no meaning for them, they're content.


Dorothy asks the Wizard how she could have fallen from California and he from Nebraska and ended up in Mangaboo (in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz).  He believes that there are pockets of magic far above and below the earth, which lead to the "fairy-earth," wherein fairylands like Oz and Mangaboo reside.  The Pink Kitten finally reaches the western edge of Oz, and they see a sand whale approaching them from the Desert.  Kwokkle introduces himself, explaining that he's a voiptigg, and lives in the enchanted deserts, serving the Sandamanders as transportation.  They cannot long live outside the Desert.  Eureka asks if he can escort them across the desert, and he agrees, but has to submerge from time to time.  So the Wizard suggests they imitate Jonah, and Kwokkle thinks it's a good idea.  They enter the sand whale's mouth and travel across the Desert. 


Ruggedo's party, meanwhile, begin to wear down after several hours of walking and no landmark in sight.  Bungle starts hearing things and his suspicions are realized when they suddenly find themselves in a Phanfasm village.  The residents, having transformed their path to lead them to Mt. Phantastico, now emerge, transforming themselves into glass cats, children and Nomes, then winged wolves, fanged owls and eight foot tall toddlers.  State refuses to show fear, however, which irritates Gugnarsh who charges the First and Foremost with failing to bring proper sport.  Bungle privately suggests to the First and Foremost that he show them whose in charge by annoying his people and sending them away.  He does so and the lucky travelers are sent to above the Nome Caverns.


Eureka, meanwhile, finds himself in what appears to be a Meadow of Mice (mouse plants growing wiggling mice), but the Wizard uses his spyglass to see a park and pavilion, with music and handsomely dressed people. He then passes it to Cap'n Bill who sees the beach and sea; the Shaggy Man an apple orchard; the Lion a quiet woodland; Trot a group of kids playing and reading; Ozma sees herself; Dorothy sees the palace; the Hungry Tiger fat babies.  Only Tik-Tok can identify where they are: the Kingdom of Dreams.


Ruggedo, Bungle and the siblings, meanwhile, come to the pineapple shaped mountain that leads down to the Vegetable Kingdom of Mangaboo.  Ruggedo magically creates handholds so that they can descend the chasm and makes the rocks glow so they can see their way.  They alight upon a cavern, where Ruggedo tells them they're descending down an ice volcano.  When they sit upon a boulder, it starts sliding at an ever-quickening pace, so Ruggedo turns it into a kind of canoe, but for hours they speed along at a terrifying rate.  When Ruggedo realizes they are nearing the blue suns of the underground kingdom, their canoe flies over the edge of a cliff!


Tik-Tok informs the party that in the daytime, the mists of the Kingdom of Dreams produces the most pleasant dreams for whoever looks upon it; but at nighttime, it produces the most frightening visions, and they manifest as real, so that none have ever survived a full night in the Kingdom of Dreams.  Ozma declares, however, that it's the shortest route, and the Wizard agrees that at their tiny size, and without the spyglass, they won't see anything.  Betsy suggests they cover up Eureka's eyes and travel through on instinct, and Ozma decides she can just shut her eyes, consoling her that there are no trees or impediments, just an expanse of dirt, and she is warned against eating the dream-food of the mouse plants.  The night comes soon, and she watches as the mice turn into giant evil rats.  Shutting her eyes, she attempts to proceed, but fear clouds her judgment.  Finally, she comes to a cube-shaped building with one door in the middle and no windows, surrounded by a moat of air.  They speculate it might be where the king lives.  Then, suddenly, they're inside.  They find a small being made of mirrored balls.  Words appear on his surface, welcoming then, and announcing that he is the Dream King.  Yet, he doesn't seem to understand her and she gets frustrated.  The Wizard finally figures out that he answers the question she's going to ask.  With that insight, they learn that Eureka must ran as fast in any direction to depart the Kingdom of Dreams and get to the land above Mangaboo.  Departing, she does as instructed and finds herself falling asleep, and when she awakens is another country entirely.  They approach a crack in the ground leading to the Vegetable Kingdom and Ozma warns her friends that in this realm, they could get hurt and die.  But using her wand she's able to float Eureka (and her passengers) down slowly into the underworld.


Ruggedo and company sail just beneath the blue sun of the Mangaboos, passing by the seven other colored ones, and their ride begins slowing down as the air grows denser and they arrive at the glass city.  The residents take a liking to the Glass Cat, but are anxious about Ruggedo.  Finally, they agree to take them to see Queen Ssyr. A tall, silver-haired woman with a star above her forehead, Ssyr explains that she cannot give her Colorless Gloves, as only the Supreme Monarch has authority to transfer possession of the gloves, but in so doing she would no longer be recognized as a Monarch, and so by the laws of logic, it's impossible for her to fulfill his request.  As Ruggedo gets angry and makes threats, Junipee tricks Ssyr into showing her the invisible gloves, then without her noticing, steals them from her arms while the Queen frets that they've been lost.  Ruggedo is proud of her, but she tells him they're only borrowing them.


Eureka and her passenger reach the realm of the Dragonettes, who remember Eureka, and who are still tied up by their mothers.  But when one gets loose, Eureka bolts, leading the Dragonette to a wall when it hits its head.  Concerned that she might have killed herself, Ozma demands to check in on her, but the young dragon is fine.  They next come to the great cavern-land of the Gargoyles (aka. the Land of Naught), but Ozma uses her wand to have Eureka walk above it in the dense air.  Reaching Pyramid Mountain, Eureka climbs up, and they look in on the old home of the Braided Man, which is now a cavern filled with storm and tumult with a raging sea below.  Ozma tells them with the Magic Belt she transported him back to his original home years ago.  But as they pass by his hut, a gargoyle emerges.  Dorothy encourages Eureka to shriek, remembering they don't like sound, but it only responds calmly, explaining that he's grown used to noise over the years.  He doesn't have a name, but is looking for a means to become uglier, as he was exiled for being born too beautiful.  He's tried various means, but to no avail.  Bidding him adieu, they descend to the Valley of Voe.  Betsy suggests Ozma float her again, but Eureka is famished and insists on looking for food.


Similarly, Junipee and Stot are hungry, and while Ruggedo goes off to find rocks, they enter a cafe where they're served air, which is what the Mangaboos consume, but after discussing it with Corje, the cook and waiter, he brings them fruit.  When they leave, however, Fegrole, High-Knob of the Branchmen inform them they must go with him.  Bungle escapes.


Eureka manages to find toots and fruits and a river, but all of a sudden she disappears, and her passengers soon realize she's invisible, having accidentally eaten baby dama-fruit amongst the berries.  When invisible bears approach, Ozma uses her wand to float Eureka up and into a cave, where her visibility returns, and they enter the land of the Mangaboos.  But they find the passage blocked.  Ozma sends Tik-Tok through a crack, and he discovers the Sorcerer Murch, who he convinces to clear the way.


Junipee and Stot are taken to the Bin of Confinement to keep the outsiders out of the way, as the queen believes they've stolen the gloves or brought bad luck.  The Bin is contained with the Solarium of Justice, which is a glass maze.  In it is Ruggedo, angry at being arrested for eating a public thoroughfare.  Once together they decide to try the gloves, and Junipee discovers that if she thinks of a place, the gloves reach into it.


Tik-Tok, meanwhile, convinces Murch that it's proper to use his magic to restore the Ozites to their proper size, which he does.  The Wizard and Dorothy press him to see how much he knows of the past, and he retains a vague memory of the first time the Wizard and she had been in the Mangaboo land.  Just then, Bungle stumbles upon them and explains briefly what's been going on.  The Sorcerer is convinced to help their friends escape from the Solarium, but when they get there they find no one's there.  Junipee had used the gloves to get out.  As Ruggedo threw a fit about not getting them, she allows him one glove.  Together they use them to get the Magic Belt from the palace, but as it's too small for Ruggedo, she insists on wearing it.  Her first wish is to restore the Gloves to Queen Ssyr.  Then she wishes the three of them into Ozma's bedroom, where the three of them fight for the Belt, until Ruggedo gets it and wishes them rooted to the spot.  Then, he decides he wants to take over Oz and make it a colony of the Nome Dominions, and wishes Ozma and her companions there, but unable to move or speak. 


As he determines what to do about Billina, explaining that chicken eggs are poisonous to Nomes, Junipee points out that he stuck his hand in Ozma's plate, which has scrambled eggs in them (laid by Billina herself).  Shrieking that he's poisoned and soon to die, he wishes on the Belt to release Ozma.  She demands the Belt in exchange for helping him, and restores everyone to normal.  Everyone suggests a different fate for Ruggedo, but Stot pipes in and says they had a lot of fun with Ruggedo.  As Ruggedo carps on that he's dying, Ozma tells him that since he's in the Emerald City he cannot die or get sick, and even eggs cannot harm him.  Ruggedo is relieved but annoyed he gave over the Belt, telling Ozma she can't blame him for what he's done over the years.  But she says he is to blame for being lazy and not trying harder to restrain his wicked nature.  Ozma notes that if he leaves the enchantment of Oz, he might be destroyed by the eggs he touched.  The Wizard gets an idea, and Ozma appoints him personal ambassador to the Dominions of the Nomes, and since the grounds of an embassy are the figurative soil of the nation, the enchantment of Oz will continue to protect him.  Thus, Ozma sends him back to Ev.


Ozma tells Junipee and Stot that the Barrier of Invisibility only opens for those who have a reason to come to Oz, and grants them a choice to stay in Oz or return home.  Junipee leaves it to her brother, and he decides that as they don't have television to go back, and Ozma sends them home to New York.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place in the winter.  No year is explicit, though the author's intent was to have this story set nearly a hundred years after Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, but as he does not take into account Ruggedo's adventures during Thompson and later authors' stories, some minor continuity-spackle must be applied to make it fit in where best it makes sense.  Ruggedo has been living in the Gillikin Country for some years, and had been stripped of his memory at least twice.  His later fate, as ambassador of Oz to Ev, must also be taken into account as to its placement.  The Royal Timeline of Oz is currently considering a placement in 1993.


Dragons: In The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 1, the sorcerer Zim had reduced the mother dragon, Hadasse, (called the Dragon of the Peak) to a foot-long size and kept her as a pet; her children were reduced to mouse-size and given to Prince Bobo of Boboland.  They are back in their original home 58 years later, and one of the dragonettes, Vdoxo, remembers Eureka from the first time she visited in Dorothy and the Wizard in OzIn The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3, Zim is convinced by the Love Fairy, Amouretto of Amour, that it was wrong to enslave Hadasse and give away her children as pets.  So, Zim returns them to where he believes it is safe.  Whether he determines that their original home was safe, or they returned their on their own is unknown, but the four dragonettes appear underground in The Emerald City Mirror #12, either in a new home, or on their way back to their original home.


Junipee and Stot: While these siblings are not the first orphans to come to Oz, they are among the few African-American protagonists to do so.  As with Beany Johnson, from Beany in Oz, the fact that they're black is a non-issue to everyone in Oz.  As with Beany, they're offered permanent homes in Oz, but unlike Beany, Stot is too in love with television to give up.


Kingdom of Dreams: Ruggedo in Oz is one of three stories to visit the Kingdom of Dreams, a location created by L. Frank Baum for his Tik-Tok in Oz endpapers map, but which he never got around to visiting in story before he died.  The other stories that utilize this domain are The Magic Carpet of Oz and "The Strong Man of Oz," and not inappropriately, they each present different details.  The former has the Sandman put those who enter the kingdom to sleep by means of Phantagens who engender dreams.  In the latter there are dream goblins, who may be the same thing, and a Witch of Dreams.  On this trip, they see pleasant dreams by day, and nightmares by night, and meet the Dream King.  This is not irreconcilable, however, and in a realm of dreams, nearly anything is possible.  One question that remains is the relationship between the Sandman and Dream King. 


Mangaboo: The community of Mangaboos is a far less hostile environment than the community Dorothy, the Wizard and Eureka visited in 1902 in Dorothy and the Wizard in OzThe residents, from the queen to the sorcerer, have names, are more emotional, and less averse to what humans eat.  Though not mentioned in the story, all of this is attributable to the help the Sorcerer Zim gave the Mangaboos in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 1.


Phanfasms: The behavior of the Phanfasms in this story is odd, for although they attempt to scare the Nome and his companions, they are far more gentle than they normally are, and the First and Foremost even sends them away upon Bungle's suggestion.  This behavior is best understood in the context of Phanfasm history (see "History of the Phanfasms" in the Appendices), as the remnant that populate Mt. Phantastico at this time are reformed Phanfasms.  Seeing the untrustworthy Ruggedo, and not knowing what his agenda was, they would have attempted to scare him and his companions away, so that when Bungle told him that they wanted to depart, they gladly obliged.


Ruggedo: Having lived peaceably in the Gillikin Country for an indeterminate number of years (as the Pebble and Rock Man), Ruggedo has at this point recovered not only his memories, but his magical abilities, and owns a few magical items as well.  He'd settled in that cave in that part of the country because he'd heard the Pillar of Truth existed somewhere nearby, and knew that with its knowledge he could achieve what he wanted, which he says is "to reclaim his rightful position in my underground dominions."  To his credit, while he wants the Belt back, he doesn't think of conquest or even revenge until the end, and his behavior towards the children is not unkindly.  Because of touching eggs, and being prevented from destruction by the fact of being in Oz, Ozma appoints him ambassador of Oz, since that will give him diplomatic immunity and he won't be destroyed outside of Oz in case of a delayed reaction.  He then is returned to Ev.


Sandamanders and sand whales: Two more inhabitants of the Deadly Desert, the sand whales are properly known as voiptiggs, and they live alongside and ferry the chimerical Sandamanders, a friendly race with the heads of men and women, the bodies of lobsters and the legs of kangaroos.


Underground Tunnel: As is true for The Shaggy Man of Oz and The Red Jinn in Oz, the underground tunnel that the Nomes built (in The Emerald City of Oz) is still intact.  There is an interesting exchange between Bungle and Ruggedo about it, with the cat claiming it was filled in.  Of course, this is the official story, as Ozma wouldn't want anyone (especially Nomes) knowing that it was still there.  It's revealed in The Red Jinn in Oz that Ozma almost immediately reopened the tunnel, although leaving a plug in on her side, as she knew that other beings who lived underground were using the tunnel and adjacent ones.  Ruggedo, however, claims that the Magic Belt's powers wear off, which seems ridiculous, and might simply be a cover story to explain how he knows the tunnel is open.


Wooden Gargoyles: The realm of the Wooden Gargoyles is noted to be the Land of Naught.  Although a fire caused by the Wizard burned much of their old city and that some who fled into Voe were killed by its inhabitants there (both details noted in chapter 23 of The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 1, which takes place in 1933), its existence here, years later, indicates that not only did they survive the fire, but eventually rebuilt their city.














The Giant Garden of Oz




















The Magic Ruby of Oz
















Dr. Angelina Bean in Oz


Note: Between this story and Mark E. Haas' Medicine Man of Oz (which takes place several years earlier), Ruggedo escaped being turned to liquid.  By the time of this book, he has been under condemnation to wander, and has been doing so for some time.



















Ozallooning in Oz




Continuity notes: Neither the Wizard nor the Ozites were affected when the accidental balloon trip took them to the US via storm.  The storm, therefore, must have been magical in nature, and as their detour was extremely brief, they likely were never actually in the US, and did not become subject to the sudden-aging which would have assaulted them otherwise (as in Beach Blanket BabylOz).  A sequel is forthcoming from The Royal Publisher of Oz. 


Dating: Takes place on June 21st. 












Shipwrecked in Oz


Story: When the Red Jinn gets bored, he embarks upon a sea voyage, only to find himself and his crews shipwrecked in the Nonestic, and saved by the crew of the Crescent Moon, including Captain Salt, Cap'n Bill, Trot, Tandy, Ato and Roger.


Note: There is a contradiction in the 2nd chapter regarding Tandy having been back to Ozamaland, something that does not occur until the events of The Royal Explorers of Oz.  This will be fixed in a new edition.











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