Ozzy Footnotes 8












The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz

(Formerly "The Gheewizard’s Revenge")


History: Forthcoming from the anthology The Lost Tales of Oz, from The Royal Publisher of Oz.  Story that bridges Ruth Plumly Thompson's vision of Oz with John R. Neill's, explaining the reason why the houses in the Emerald City are alive, why Ozma and the Wizard behave uncharacteristically, why the Yellow Knight and dragonette are friends, why the Scarecrow is ruling the Munchkin Country and other Neillian oddities.  This expanded version of "The Gheewizard's Revenge" also details who the Wizards of the Golden Isle are, and includes the witch Zoru, Princess Cozytoes and Rosine from Rosine and the Laughing Dragon of Oz.





The Wonder City of Oz


34th book the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five, and the first to be written by long-time illustrator, John R. Neill!


History: It is known that a good portion of Neill's original manuscript of The Wonder City of Oz was re-written without his approval.  According to an auctioneer of the original manuscript, "Neill pieced together sketches and stories he had been gathering and submitted the typescript.  Reilly & Lee hired a ghost writer to alter and complete the story, evidenced by the second typescript and the finished book. The two drafts are drastically different, from the titles of the chapters to seemingly disconnected parts of the plot." In the final analysis, the published version of The Wonder City of Oz presents an Oz that is wildly different than any other depiction of Oz, with a large number of seeming inconsistencies and contradictions.  See "original manuscript" and "reconciling discrepancies" below. 


Story: 15 year old Jenny Jump of New Jersey catches a leprechaun named Siko Pompus trying to steal her pepper jack cheese.  Not daring to blink, lest he escape, she takes advantage of her good fortune and wishes to become a fairy.  Siko turns her into a half-fairy, not daring to give a girl with anger issues full fairy powers.  Jenny discovers she can breathe fire when she's angry, which she does, setting Siko's beard on fire (and causing it to grow longer).  She also discovers she can jump as high as she wants.  Deciding to take a trip, she jumps over the Jenny Jump Mountains and four days later, lands in Oz.


In Oz, Jellia prepares Ozma's dress for her birthday parade.  As her mouth is filled with magic silver thread and golden needles, any attempt to speak causes her mouth to get sewn shut, and all the pent-up words threaten to explode her head.  Ozma fixes it so that she can speak through her ear while continuing work on the dress. 


Ozma spots Jenny Jump in the Magic Picture heading to Oz.  She inquires of Henry, Em and the Wizard, but none of them recognize her.  The Wizard, however, senses that she's trouble, but because Dorothy wants to meet her and Glinda says they can undo whatever she does, Ozma allows it.  Jellia cries that all the trouble started with her, and her tears harden into rock candy which a maid throws outside for the gathering crowds to consume.


Ozma summons Wantowin Battles, the Soldier with the Green Whiskers, to begin the parade.  All the people are colored according to their quadrants, even to their faces.  Kabumpo leads the parade on roller skates, followed by a dragon, china bulls, unicorns, sea horses and other animals.  The people follow, concluding with Munchkins, led by the Scarecrow who is currently their king.  The dragon flies up and blazes Happy Birthday Ozma across the sky. 


Jenny Jump finally lands in Oz, right in Ozma's carriage.  The Soldier threatens to lock her up in the "dungeon of oblivion," but Ozma reassures the frightened girl and welcomes her as a guest.  Jenny tells her she's a half-fairy and would like to rule a country, but Ozma says she can fill out an application as all the positions are filled.  When everyone throws up their hats in celebration, a Munchkin boy forgets his hat is tied under his chin, and throws himself up with his hat into the sky.  Jenny jumps to the rescue and brings him back to the chariot to much applause.  The boy's name is Number Nine.  As they pass into the city gates, the people get upon the recently built ozcalator (designed by the Wizard, but built by a Quadling named Later Oz Q), which circles the perimeter of the Emerald City boundaries, dropping off the various peoples in their respective quadrants.  When they get to the Gillikin quadrant, however, the bridge over the Cream River is out, so Ozma commands the river to churn.  After it has, she has the swordfish spread the butter over the river to make a new bridge, which the ozcalator goes over.


Jenny says she'd like to stay in Oz, and Ozma invites her to stay forever.  But Jenny says she'd rather be a queen and wonders when the next election is.  Dorothy explains that Queens don't get elected.  Ozma decides that it might be amusing to have an election and asks Jenny if she'll run against her.  Jenny accepts.  Number Nine invites her to have dinner with him and his family in the Munchkin country and she departs to meet his mother, father and thirteen brothers and sisters who live in a large one-room cottage. 


After dinner, they form into the shape of a question mark, with Jenny as the dot, which is the time and place in which she and the children are allowed to ask questions.  After a series of inane questions and answers, the baby screams and Jenny goes to answer the door.  At the door is the Voice that Lost his Man.  Tired of wandering, the invisible voice settles by the fire.  He feels sad and resentful that his man went fishing and caught a Cold, which crept into his man's throat and pushed him out.  It being dark, he lost him.  When he explains that he doesn't need a long rest as his man is a singer, Mother asks him to sing a lullaby, which he does, putting everyone to sleep.


The next morning Jenny and Number Nine head out toward the Yellow Brick Road when Jenny comes across the ruin of a former magician's house.  There she finds a decrepit turn-style which magically changes her hat into something more stylish.  Walking through it, her whole outfit gets an upgrade.  Dismantling it, she orders Number Nine to get a wheelbarrow, and puts it in.  At the gates of the Emerald City, she asks the Guardian of the Gates about obtaining a house, and he advises her to let the house choose her.  She does so, passing several that aren't interested, until coming to a strawberry-roofed one that is inviting.  She sets up the turn-style in the front room and with her fairy fingers makes shelves with material appear on the walls.  Content with her new Style Shop, she declares herself Number Nine's boss.  Believing him to be lazy, Jenny catches the notes he's been whistling, sews them into his trousers and passes him through the turn-style, resulting in bloated trousers that shriek anytime he stops or slows down.


Meanwhile, handing out arithmetic pills in his College of Art and Athletic Perfection in the Munchkin Country, the Wogglebug is greeted by Jack Pumpkinhead who brings a message from Ozma.  At the Emerald City, Ozma informs him of the upcoming election (which he corrects is an ozlection).  As they try to determine what to use as notes, the Wogglebug explains that they want people to throw their soles into it and use their rights, and therefore, their right shoes should serve as votes.  Glinda, Dorothy, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman cast their right shoe votes early for Ozma, but the Wogglebug warns them that the Heelers, spineless sponges who live in the Deadly Desert, feed on votes and may try to steal them.  So the Sawhorse and Jack Pumpkinhead, who now lives in an Ozoplane, are appointed to guard them.


After a long day of advertising Jenny's Style Shop, Number Nine heads to his uncle's to rest, but his new whistlebreeches won't stop shrieking.  The Town Crier comes to complain that in 811 years no one's made more noise than him.  As he announces the ozlection, Number Nine steals away to see the animal-plants in the public gardens.  There he runs into Scraps who taunts and teases him.  Running after him, she follows him into Jenny's shop and through the turn-style, where she emerges in a boy's bathing suit.  Mortified, she runs out to Jack's Ozoplane. 


As news of the ozlection gets out, the houses hear about it and grow angry at the idea of some upstart taking over for Ozma.  Jenny's house feels differently, which starts a battle between her house and the others on Strawberry street as shingles, pianos, trees and other items go flying back and forth, crashing unto the houses and sending their residents into their cellars to hide.  Jenny tries to send Number Nine out to stop them, but he hides and gets caught in the turn-style, changing his outfits from a clown suit to an evening gown.  So Jenny goes out, furious to try and stop them.  Breathing fire, she sets several houses on fire, bringing out the fire injins to put them out.  Chagrined, the houses begin putting themselves back together piece by piece until everything's back to normal.  Taking advantage of the gathering crowds, she decides to have her Grand Opening.  Jellia Jamb comes, still unable to speak through her mouth.  So, Jenny makes Ozma a dress, freeing Jenny from the magical thread, but demanding her vote in return.  Many come to the shop and Jenny tells them that in exchange "for each dress a shoe should be left."  She tallies 621, but to her horror, discovers they're all left shoes. 


Ozma wears her new dress to a concert that evening given by Jack Pumpkinhead and his Glee Club and Orchestra, made up of all the right shoes that he's been keeping with him.  Henry and Em invite Professor Wogglebug to the concert, but he is heading to a gas station to fill up his oilcan so that he can continue studying his book about the Heelers, who he explains only come out on moonless nights because they're afraid of their shadows, which bite, kick and pull on their tails.  The Professor warns Ozma to go back to the palace, but she won't disappoint Jack.  The concert goes as planned, with the Ozoplane used as a stage, and all the shoes playing and singing songs like "Shoeman's Sonato" and "O Dem Golden Slippers."  The audience, who have come with their cats on leashes to help lead them home after dark, applaud, but then a scream breaks out.  While the concert had been going on, the Guardian of the Gate fell asleep, allowing the Heelers to enter the city.  The shapeless sponge-like beings have short tails and long snouts, with which they suck in votes.  They go house to house, stealing votes while the houses sleep.  Sir Hokus has his shoe taken.  The Heelers attack the people at the concert, sucking up right shoes.  Even Jenny has her shoe taken.  As everyone in the city is in a panic, she jumps and meets up to warn Ozma.  Ozma has the Lion roar, which ceases the screaming, but then Ozma has Jenny jump to the gardens to wake the firefly fairies to light up the city.  Once this occurs, the Heelers' shadows attack the Heelers, who race out of the city.  Jenny's upset about her loss of votes, but Ozma assures her they'll come up with something else, and allows Jack to keep his shoes for his Glee Club.


On his way to work, Number Nine comes across a magician pulling rabbits from a hat, who gives him half a fruitcake and inquires about his whistlebreeches.  Number Nine invites him to the shop.  Jenny doesn't care for him, so the man makes himself a matching pair of whistlebreeches.  He takes Number Nine with him, who complains that if she were younger she'd be less obsessed with work and more interested in playing.  The man tells him he'll see what he can do and leaves.  At that the Wizard, who was the magician, goes to the Emerald City and summons her fairy godfather Siko Pompus.  The Wizard asks him if he minds him de-aging Jenny to eleven.  Pompus is fine with that, particularly as it means she'll lose her fairy powers, though he'll return them to her when she's learned to hold her temper. 


When Jenny looks in the mirror she's surprised to see she looks younger.  She also feels like taking time off from work.  Just then a Boxer comes to her door looking for work.  The Quadling creature is made up of a box-shaped head, hands and feet.  Jenny puts him through the turn-style, covering him in cellophane, which makes him feel so good he wants to box.  As Jenny only knows one person who enjoys that, Scraps, she has him follow her to where she might be, but when he sees a wanted sign for head waiter, he departs to get the job. 


Jenny continues to the Ozoplane, where she thinks she'll find Number Nine, and as she walks in, Scraps begins pummeling her.  To Jenny, it feels like tickles, and she pushes her across the plane.  Jack welcomes her to his home and shows her his new pipe organ, which he started building from the parts of the ship's engine.  Jenny praises his intelligence and he begins reassembling the engine.   Then Jenny grabs a lever that starts the ship, which lifts off.  Jenny likes the idea of flying, and the shoes get excited.  Scraps wants to return, and begins turning the wheel.  Jack loses his head which goes flying amongst the clouds.  The cloud pusher tells him to watch where he's going, while the cloud sweepers push him into a pile of sky trash.  Rolling out, he rolls unto the point of the star, looking for the Ozoplane, which arrives, anchors and rescues the head.  Jack discovers that Jenny looks younger, and they're lost.  The shoes jump out the window just as the plane heads towards a mountain.  Jack flies down and they crash into a chocolate star.  The shoes are there, covered in fudge, and Scraps tosses them back in the ship.  When a chocolate army arrives, Jenny struggles to get out, but discovers that she no longer has her powers.  They come and fire chocolate at them, but Scraps has fun attacking them.  They arrest them and march them into prison as the shoes sing a sad song.  They meet the General who is angry that the ship ruined a valley of sauce he was intending to make into a thousand soldiers to attack Oz.


Jenny's house, meanwhile, begins preparing breakfast and all the utensils pitch in.  Number Nine shows up and begins cleaning, but his family soon pull up in their four mule-driven wagon.  Number Nine shows him the shop and invites each of them through the turn-style, and as the neighborhood children see Number Nine's family decked out, they come for new clothes as well.  When the family goes to have lunch, which the utensils and appliances prepare for them, two gnomes, Umph and Grumph, enter the shop to cause mischief.  When they discover the the turn-style has given them handsome warts, they pull it up from the floor and take it to the chimney where they hide.  After lunch, the family discover the turn-style missing and go searching for it.  The gnomes decide to climb to the roof, but it causes the house to sneeze, and when they reach the roof, the chimneys shake them.  Back down the flue they go. 


At that moment, Sir Hokus is chasing a two-headed purple dragonette down the street.  Number Nine asks him for help, and curious, the dragonette pokes her heads down the chimney wondering why the knight isn't chasing her.  When they discover it's over two gnomes, she sticks her tails down after them, forcing them to exit, where they're caught and the turn-style is retrieved.  Everyone praises the dragonette, who then merrily returns to the chase.  Number Nine's mother, meanwhile, gets eggs and throws them at the gnome's heads, knocking them out.  Number Nine brings them to the river and asks it deposit them where they belong.


Jenny, meanwhile, alone and freezing in her prison cell, starts to bite through the prison bar.  Once she's made a big enough gap, she squeezes through and goes in search of Scraps and Jack.  But unlike her frozen guard, the ones around their cell have a fire going.  When they spot Jenny, they pursue, but she makes her way to the Ozoplane and has the shoes wedge it out of the chocolate mud it's stuck in.  She then raises ship and heads out. 


Meanwhile, as his sister runs the shop, Number Nine goes on a search for his boss.  He decides to check an animal enclosure where lions and tigers are chained, but determines that they're too skinny to have eaten her.  Ojo is there, (now considered the elephant boy of Kabumpo) but he tells him Jenny isn't there.  Nine then checks Doughnut Drive and comes across the Boxer who tells him when he last saw her and what her destination was.  Number Nine goes to the pumpkin patch and finds the Sawhorse, who says they vanished in the Ozoplane, but he'll help him find her. 


They search the Quadling land first (because "red stands for danger" reasons Number Nine).  They come across the Voice That Lost His Man, now happy living the wandering life, who joins them.  Drinking from a river, Nine spots the plane in the reflection.  Jenny emerges unhurt from the crash and hops upon the Sawhorse's back to warn Ozma of the chocolate soldiers.  Jenny says goodbye to everyone, and promises to send someone to rescue them.  As they race to the Emerald City, they can see the silver cloud with a dark lining above them descend outside the city gates, with the chocolate soldiers disembarking.  Hurrying past, they head to the palace and learn that Ozma has gone to Glinda's.  Rushing to the Style Shop, they grab the turn-style and bring it to the city gate, where the Soldier with the Green Whiskers is hiding.  Jenny orders the Guardian of the Gate to open the gate enough to allow only one person through at a time.  At the opening she places the turn-style, and as each chocolate soldier marches through, they turn into tiny tin toy soldiers, which the children run out and grab to play with. 


Jenny then sends Number Nine to the palace to tell the Wizard to rescue Scraps and Jack Pumpkinhead, still prisoners of the chocolate general.  The streets of the city are crowded, as this is Choose Day, the busiest shopping day of the week.  Polychrome greets Number Nine, who used to play with her in the rain.  Tik-Tok and Captain Salt head to the zoo to get his shoes shined.  Finally at the palace, Nine searches for the Wizard and climbs up to the tower only to discover a strange man sweeping.  He brings the boy a large meal, but he doesn't wish to stop to eat.  He then tries to hire him, but Nine declines.  Finally he brings him to a laboratory where he keeps the Bureau of Missing Persons.  In it is a Munchkin baker boy missing for 984 years, as well as Scraps and Jack.  Then he takes him to the west room where there are disguises of all kinds and a teletable which locates missing things and people.  Number Nine is told to use it, and he first finds a lost pink kitten in the catacombs under the city, then the missing Munchkin boy, then the star upon which is the chocolate mountain.  The Wizard (for that's who it is) uses his Ozmic Ray and Number Nine's fervent wish to send a beam melting the General and prison, freeing Scraps and Jack, who climb onto the Ozmic Ray back to the Emerald City!  To save the boy climbing down long stairs, he lets him use his Ambassa-door, which wishes them to the bottom.  There, Ozma and company have returned, as has the Wizard, which the boy remembers as the man he brought to the Style Shop earlier.  He returns there with Scraps to get back her Patches. 


Later that night, Jellia comes to tell Jenny to meet them at the P.L.Oz (public library of Oz) about the ozlection.  She soon meets up with Ozma who thanks her for saving them.  The reversible chute takes them to the top floor of the library.  The party knock to no avail until Henry yodels and whoops loudly and the Wogglebug answers (he'd been lost in thought for three days).  Ozma asks his opinion on what method of voting to use.  The Professor determines that to avoid a sure and catastrophic landslide they must keep the votes even.  Thus, the ozlection will be left to chance and voting will be based on weight. 


Everyone in Oz comes the next Choose Day to weigh in.  A scale stands before each candidate.  The Wogglebug has each voter in turn go to a different scale.  The candidate with the most poundage at the end becomes ruler.  As the scores continue piling up, the Voice appears and at last finds his Man who bursts into "O, Sole Mio."  As night falls and the city celebrates, the tally comes in at a tie.  Then Siko Pompus the leprechaun appears and jumps on Ozma's scale, making her the winner.  Furious with him for causing her to lose the election, she rushes to throttle him.  But he jumps upon a moonbeam.  Out of control, she goes to the zoo and throws open its gates.  Prodding a dandy-lion, he runs out, followed by foxes, tigers, snap-dragons and other animal-plants, including a family of bulls.  Jenny wrestles with Trou-bull, who sends her sailing into the fence where she hits her head and passes out.


As the animals run through the city, the houses begin fighting against them, defending their people.  Ozma sends the Town Crier to cry the animals back to their enclosure, but he goes running in fear.  Number Nine's father helps a bull, who explains that he's just trying to get away from the noise and find a friend.  The father says he'll be his friend.  Then he helps a dragon who follows him.  Then a wildcat, and soon a whole procession of animals is following him, including the blue horses he'd been searching for.  When he brings them to get a drink, General Jinjur appears, who says that as a farmer she can handle the animals.  She leads the animals back to the enclosure, except the bull which goes with Number Nine's father back to the Munchkin Country.  Many of them had been injured by the fighting houses and need a doctor. 


One man appears promising to return later as he must first cure a case of Bad Temper.  Jinjur identifies him as the Wizard, but he hushes her and sends her back to her farm, and she vanishes.  The Wizard and Number Nine go through his Ambassa-door Junior which takes them and Jenny to the palace.  There, the Wizard places an extractor cap on Jenny's head and removes all of her ill-temper.  Asking Ozma if anything else should come out, she suggests envy and ambition, and the Wizard extracts these as well.  As a result, Jenny starts to look happier, younger and prettier.  Putting Visibility Powder into the cap, Number Nine and Dorothy can see a black wasp which was her temper, a green snake that was her envy and a fat red toad that was her ambition.  The Wizard plans to keep them for experimentation and then give them to the Wogglebug for zoology classes.  Jenny awakens feeling like a new person.  Ozma then bestows her with the title of First Duchess of the Realm and Chief Stylist and gives her the Sapphire Suite next to Dorothy.  Jenny decides to only work half the time and have Nine's Sister Six run the shop the other half.  Then she and Number Nine can play.  Siko Pompus comes to say goodbye as he's returning to New Jersey, and leaves her a gift.  They are eyeglasses, gloves, a slipper and ear-muffs, which when she puts them on bestows upon her the fairy gifts she'd formerly had.


Continuity notes:

Bizarre Book: Due to the bizarre nature of this book, nearly every aspect of it contains discrepancies and contradictions, which means that much of it has been viewed as suspect, as far as history and canon are concerned, particularly in the way it's told.  As Mari Ness notes in her blog: "The mess... stems from a serious misunderstanding about Oz: Oz is fantastical, filled with puns and strange and odd creatures, but not nonsensical.  Someone—either Neill or the editor if not both—attempted to turn Oz into nonsense here, and decidedly failed."  The forthcoming novella The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz explains some of what happened to cause these events.


Boxer: This Boxer seems to be an immigrant from the Box Wood in Ix (from The Silver Princess in Oz).


Cloud Pushers: This is the first appearance of these ethereal beings who push clouds across the sky.  They appear to differ from the Sky Sweepers and Sky Scrapers (from The Runaway in Oz), who clean weather debris from the sky.  Onyx Madden included a cloud fairy called a Cloud Tender (as well as a Cloud Kingdom) in his 1993 Oziana short, "Jubulut," and perhaps they are the same or related.


Dating: Begins four days before Ozma's birthday on August 17th, covers fifteen days and then an unspecified amount of time before its conclusion, which chronologer Ken Shepherd has given a week.  See the Day-to-Day Chronology for more details.  The year is based on the information given on page 120, in which it's explained that the Ozoplane Jack lives in is "last year's model," which hadn't been given to Ozma until the new year's model was constructed, a strong indication that this was intended to be the same Ozoplane depicted in Ozoplaning with the Wizard of Oz, likely the Oztober, as the Ozpril was initially lost or destroyed.  However, as J.L. Bell points out in the BCF Pumperdink forum, "this old model doesn't work like those we saw in OZOPLANING, however: it has a lever for a starter instead of buttons [161], and Neill draws levers among the controls [214]. So Ozma's must be at least the third-generation design."  Of course, since everything is suspect in this book, ascertaining a date for a story that couldn't have happened exactly as told is difficult at best.


De-aging: The Wizard's de-aging of Jenny is a power that no one in the books has displayed before or since, not even the more powerful fairies, and it would seem that if it did exist, everyone who is old would be lining up at the Wizard's door, such as Dr. Pipt's wife Margolette and Queen Zixi of Ix.  It does not appear in Neill's original manuscript.


Faces: The text indicates that each resident from the four quadrants have the skin color of that quadrant, so that Munchkins are blue, Quadlings red, Gillikins purple and Winkies yellow.  Like much of the text, that's not in keeping with the rest of the series, but it may simply be that many of them painted themselves for the sake of the parade, perhaps as a kind of fad or mark of national pride.


Gnomes: Either the text on page 205 erroneously states the gnomes have a kingdom underneath Oz (it is underneath Ev), or these are not the Nomes (or gnomes) of Ev, as they like warts and find them desirable, dress in red and green (instead of grey) and show no proclivity towards digging and gems. 


Heelers: The feeding habits of these spineless sponge creatures don't make sense, as they're said to literally feed on abstract concepts like votes, and the embodiment of those votes, which in this case is shoes.  What do the Heelers feed on when they can't get votes?  Oz and the surrounding nations are either monarchies or socialist states that don't have elections.  Have they been starving in the Deadly Desert for millennia?  Also, their shadows literally abuse them, so they only move about in the dark.  The concept of a sentient shadow is somewhat presented in The Nome King's Shadow in Oz, though there it is better explained and handled.  The Heelers are also the first creatures to be said to live in the otherwise uninhabitable Sandy Waste. 


Living houses, Singing Shoes, etc.: Neill's Oz is one in which nearly every inanimate object is alive.  The houses in the Emerald City gossip, wage battles and welcome—or repel—potential homeowners (this was Neill's conception as evidenced by the illustrations).  Even the utensils and appliances are alive.  (Oddly, the houses outside of the city, such as Number Nine's house in the Munchkin Country, don't seem to be alive, and when the family comes to visit it seems like a novelty to them).  The rivers are alive and can hear and take commands.  The shoes which residents offer as votes are also alive, though whether they were alive before they became votes is not noted in the story.  In the original manuscript, they did not represent the votes of the citizens, since there was no ozlection in that version.  In either case, they're able to sing and play instruments for Jack Pumpkinhead's Glee Club.  The clock in Jenny Jump's shop is alive.  How (or if) this all came about is unknown, but it certainly was not the case prior, otherwise precious and time-consuming inventions like the Powder of Life would have been superfluous.  The forthcoming novella The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz shows what happened to cause this.  Edward Einhorn presents a similar premise on a smaller scale, in his book The Living House of Oz.  The houses in Oz are likely still alive, though perhaps calmer than they were in this story, as there is a living house in Bucketheads in Oz, and living stairs and stepladders that are sold to houses that need them in Maybe the Miffin.


Lobotomy: One criticism of this story, and an element that is not present in Neill's original text, is Jenny Jump's lobotomy, which removes her ill-temper, envy and ambition (which take the form of various creatures).  While the Wizard does have a history of this, e.g., he removes Bungle's brains in The Patchwork Girl of Oz and Clocker's bad works in Pirates in Oz, the Tin Woodman's line in Lucky Bucky in Oz appears to reinforce Neill's original intent: "the Wizard would never meddle with anyone's appearance without first getting his consent" [216] In either case, as with Bungle's brains, the Wizard restored Jenny's original personality traits, as revealed in The Runaway in Oz.


Munchkin Houses and Customs: According to Number Nine, all Munchkin houses have only one room.  According to his father, all Munchkin children must wait until after dinner to ask questions.  Neither seems likely.


Original Manuscript: There has been discussion over the  years of re-editing the original manuscript, which is missing two chapters, and republishing a version that is closer to Neill's intent, and which makes more sense as a story and in the larger mythology.  The following is known: The first six pages of the published version, including the introduction of Siko Pompus and Jenny's enchantment into a half-fairy are not Neill's.  Nathan DeHoff notes that "Jenny's transformation into a fairy happened earlier in her life, and Jenny herself might well be older than fifteen at the beginning of the story proper.  She had not gotten along with the fairies in the Jenny Jump Mountains, and had sued them for ownership of the range."  This is supported by the line on page 71 of The Scalawagons of Oz: "My fairy godfather provided me with them long ago."  As per Stephen Teller, who examined the original manuscript, it was 106 typewritten pages:

The beginning of the book is different, we are told much more about Jenny's childhood, and her receiving fairy gifts from Psychopompus (sic) occurred years before her jump to Oz.  There is no Ozma party, no rescue of a Munchkin boy, no ozcalator ride.  Jenny lands in the Munchkin Country, discovers the Turn style, gets a young Munchkin to help her wheel it to the Emerald City and sets up shop.  She makes whistlebreeches for the boy. After the missing chapter 6 she starts growing younger.  There is no Ozlection plot.  At one point Scraps dashes into the shop and accidentally changes her patches for a boy's swimming suit.  Jenny, for no good reason goes on a rampage and releases many animals from the animal gardens.  She gets to Jack Pumpkinhead's home a reconditioned Ozoplane, where he has a glee club of shoes.  Jenny accidentally starts the Ozoplane with Jack, Scraps and herself aboard.  They fly to a chocolate star where, after a battle they are imprisoned.  Meanwhile Whistlebreeches' father helps stop the animal attack, the family run the style shop, and Numbernine (as he is sometimes called) searches for the Wizard to try to locate Jenny.  Eventually using on Ozmic ray, he recovers the Ozoplane and its three inhabitants.  Jenny, by growing younger, has lost her fairy gifts/powers.  She has also become nicer and less spoiled.  Everything ends happily.  There is no removal of her bad temper, envy, and ambition.

Pink Kitten: The Wizard's teletable indicates that a pink kitten is lost in the caverns underneath the palace.  Eureka is the only known pink kitten in the Oz books, so this may be a yet untold story.  On the other hand, the text also indicates that the various residents from each quadrant are also the skin color of their quadrant.


Reconciling Discrepancies: One way of reconciling this very bizarre story and its various contradictions may be to follow the train of thought that Oz scholar J.L. Bell discusses:  "My pet Oz-as-history theory on this question is that Neill had access to images from Oz for his job as Baum's and Thompson's illustrator, but didn't have their access to verbal news. Therefore, his first two novels are attempts to put together the events he saw into a narrative, though some were causally related and some not, some normal for Oz and others aberrations. His third book was based on similar images plus a written source (that 'special record of Lucky Bucky') that didn't come through official channels.  Does that let me treat some details in Neill's books as accurate (e.g., a boy and a wooden whale made a dangerous journey to Lake Quad), others as accurate but not reflective of normal life in Oz (live houses, trees, and paintings), and others as ludicrous (Bucky taking the crown from Kaliko)?  It sure does!"  According to Bell, this explains why:


        * Neill challenges readers in the WONDER CITY author's note, "Were the
          pictures made to go with the story or was the story written to explain
          the pictures?"
        * Two distinct narratives exist for the same images in WONDER CITY.
          (After that book, I imagine Neill might have been granted a little more
          information from Ozma, though it still seems very choppy.)
        * Neill's books contain so many loose threads and contradictions with
          the previous and subsequent titles.
        * Neill's books are more tightly based on events in the Emerald City than most.


Scraps: The Patchwork Girl is oddly and singularly combative throughout the story, taunting Number Nine to fight with her, boxing Jenny, fighting the chocolate soldiers. 


Sir Hokus: Corum, the Yellow Knight, is back to being Sir Hokus, or at least being called that, but he continues to speak archaically.  One improvement to his character, however, is that he now plays at chasing dragons instead of actually doing so, and has a game of chase with one two-headed purple dragonette.  The origin of this meeting is told in The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz.


Sister Six: Number Nine's sister was given the task to run the shop the other half of the time it was open, which she is still doing a year later, as noted in The Scalawagons of Oz.


Wizard: The Wizard employs several disguises throughout the book in a way he hasn't done since The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and "Little Dorothy and Toto in Oz," where he dressed up as Crinklink.  This was probably a reflection of his characterization in the MGM film, which had just been released the year prior.  He's also uncharacteristically rude to Jinjur, magically whisking her off to her farm without so much as a thank you or goodbye. 


Wogglebug: More pedantic than ever, the Wogglebug reads from a book he wrote that is over a million pages long, which is nonsensical.  He also indicates on page 118 that there are gas stations in Oz.  This also seems highly unlikely, though he may be referring to the gas that powers the Scalawagons in Neill's follow-up The Scalawagons of Oz.


Zoo: Ozma would never allow an animal enclosure with lions and tigers chained up and starving, even lions and tigers that grow from plants.  Nor would Kabumpo be there.  Similarly, the animals in Oz would never not get a vote, which was an invention of the ghost writer of the story.  As to the former point, it may be that the plants that grow animals tend to grow carnivorous beasts.  When they finally get out, the people panic and run, which seems to support this notion, yet the loose animals don't actually hurt anyone.  So there may be more to this tale than meets the eye.







The Scalawagons of Oz


35th book of the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five!


Story: Late for his job as the Wizard's assistant, Number Nine (from The Wonder City of Oz) gets scolded by the palace clock for being late.  Cleaning the Wizard's teletable, which can see and hear anywhere in and above Oz, he spies the Wizard under the red glass dome of Carrot Mountain in the Quadling Country talking about his new invention, the scalawagon.  A kind of motorcar, the scalawagon will serve as taxis, tractors and gliders.  They're unbreakable, have small engines and even serve lunch.  Peli-cans (birds with hollow cans for bodies) fill the tanks with motor fluid.  The Wizard prepares to show them to Ozma in the morning, and makes Tik-Tok superintendent of the factory, which holds hundreds of them.  He warns Tik-Tok to never touch the flabber-gas, and then disappears.  Tik-Tok inspects the factory.  Made in a variety of colors, at only 25 pounds, each scalawagon has a lid through which the vehicle's eyes pop out.  Tik-Tok smacks them if they're sleepy, but otherwise welcomes them before his own works run down.


Near the base of Carrot Mountain lies Lolly-Pop Village, home to six families.  The six five-year old girls, one from each house, push their six lazy fathers out to the street so they can get the housework done.  Going to the river, they scoop into their buckets water fairies which they splash into their homes.  When the fairies finish collecting the dirt and dust, the Lollies scoop them up again and return them to the river.  After preparing dinner they bring their pops back home. 


After sunset, there is a scream warning them of the Bell-Snickle, a cylindrical flat-shaped being that rolls along, with bells along its edges and curly fingers and toes.  The Lollies come out and throw spoons at it, but it hurls the spoons back at them, and they run and hide in their houses till the sound of the Snickle's bells have passed.  As he goes up the mountain, the Bell-Snickle talks to himself, saying he is a Mystery that will never be discovered, photographed or drawn.  Nor will he abide any other mysteries but him.  Making his way into the scalawagon factory, he roars and scares away the peli-cans.  Coming across Tik-Tok, he tries to scare him away, unaware he's run down.  So, he knocks him down the mountain where he rolls to the village of Lolly-Pop.  The Bell-Snickle makes himself manager of the factory.  Soon, he discovers the flabbergas and begins filling the cars' tanks with it, even spilling some on himself.  The scalawagons speed around like mad, crashing into the dome and each other before confusedly setting out for the Deadly Desert.  Concerned, the peli-cans go after them, while the Mifkits, creatures that live in the Deadly Desert, watch and wait.


At Glinda's castle, the Wizard prepares to unveil his surprise to the 427 visitors from all over Oz that Glinda had invited, including Ozma, Dorothy and Jenny Jump (from The Wonder City of Oz), Scraps, Jack Pumpkinhead, Sir Hokus, Captain Salt, the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry.  But when Glinda reads in her book that the scalawagons have disappeared, the Wizard vanishes as well, and everyone is thrown in an uproar.  Jenny, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman volunteer to go in search of the lost scalawagons, though no one knows what they are, but Glinda reads they've been set loose by the Bell-Snickle and have gone over the Deadly Desert. Ozma has left the Magic Belt back at the palace, but secure in her fairy powers, Jenny and her companions ride the Sawhorse through the hills of the Quadling Country.  When the Sawhorse overhears Jenny praising her blue mule, he races faster than ever, right into the Winkie Country, and soon crashes into a farmer and his beets.  The damage is minimal, but the Tin Woodman loses his oilcan in the journey and his jaw has rusted shut.


Riding at a much more moderate pace, they soon come to the Bottle-Necks, tall sapient bottles with horse faces filled with medicine.  They hope and seek to break necks and bones so that they can prove their medicine works.  As the bottles won't move out of their way, the Sawhorse jumps over them (breaking one in the process) and makes his way into the Winkie woods, where the light winks on and off.  When it goes dark, the Sawhorse stumbles and breaks his legs.  Unhitched from the Red Wagon, the Sawhorse runs back to find the Bottles to get it mended.  With her fairy foot, Jenny jumps with the Scarecrow and Tin Man to where the Sawhorse has gone.  Though the Bottle-Necks repair his leg, one Bottle still wants a trial, angering Jenny who jumps away.  The Sawhorse takes the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman back into the forest, hitches up again to the Red Wagon and races off. 


Jenny, meanwhile, soars too far and high to turn back.  Putting on her fairy "eye," she spots fairies that look like old men with long bears and bells on their heads.  Putting on her "ear-muffs" allows her to hear the beautiful chimes and peals.  They are the Nota-bells; their music inspires composers.  Hearing she's on an adventure they decide to come along.  In the Wizard's tower, meanwhile, Number Nine learns of the lost scalawagons from the teletable, and when he sees Jenny involved, he and the clock go off to help.  They transport up in the sky where the Notta-bells hold on to them.  Nine tells Jenny that it's too dangerous to rescue the scalawagons, but Tik-Tok needs their help. 


They head over to the Lolli-Pop village and wind up Tik-Tok.  Jenny tells him what became of the scalawagons and that it's too dangerous to rescue them because of the Mifkits.  When the Pops start leaning on Tik-Tok, he hits them over their heads with a rubber mallet, which transforms them into intelligent men.


The Sawhorse, meanwhile, departs the Winkie Country only to end up in the Gillikin lands, where he doesn't want to be, so turning towards the Emerald City, he speeds his way past the Soldier with the Green Whiskers and Guardian of the Gate.  Heading to the animal enclosure, the Sawhorse cries out to save Jenny, and the Soldier races at his heels shouting to stop.  The commotion causes the animals to rush out of the animal garden, tigers, sheep, dragons, mules, horses and unicorns all.  At the palace, Jellia and Betsy inform them that there are no oil-cans in the palace and that Ozma is at Glinda's, so they hop aboard the Red Wagon.  As they pass the Guardian and Soldier again, they try to detain the Sawhorse for disturbing the peace, even threatening to put him in the "Dungeon of Oblivion" if he doesn't play marbles with them, but the Sawhorse flies off.


Jenny tells Tik-Tok to hold on to one of the clock's hands.  She holds on to the other, while Number Nine holds on to her free hand.  Then she jumps into the sky and over the Sandy Waste where they spot the scalawagons.  Out of flabbergas, the tired peli-cans are keeping them from dropping into the thousand Mifkits waiting below.  Jenny kicks one of the scalawagons, propelling it through the air as Tik-Tok hits it with his rubber hammer, bringing it to its senses, so that it knows to head back towards Oz.  They repeat this with all of the scalawagons, though one Mifkit manages to get inside a scalawagon.  With the last four, Jenny and her party each gets inside a scalawagon.  At the border, the peli-cans let them down to fill them up, but the crash to the ground breaks the windows of the Lolli-Pops houses.  Jenny promises them that the Wizard will repair them, but they don't know who the Wizard or Ozma are.  Declaring they must be a backwards tribe, Jenny offers to take them to and back from Glinda's to meet them. 


At Glinda's they're received with a royal welcome, and Ozma is thrilled that her people will be able to go wherever they wish, and even the Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion are thrilled because of the endless lunches the cars produce.  The Lollies and the Pops are introduced to Ozma, the Wizard and Glinda.  Suddenly, the animals from the enclosure arrive followed by the Sawhorse and Red Wagon.  The peli-cans oil the Tin Woodman and Ozma gives the animals a day off to enjoy themselves and invites them to ride in the cars.  Kabumpo stands on four. 


The Lollies suggest they take a ride to their village and have a beach party.  Pops says bathing suits will be provided for all.  The Wizard has already vanished, but everyone else likes the idea.  Then the Wizard arrives with a new batch of scalawagons, with the Production Department turning out more for the rest of Oz.  But as Ozma sets out she sees the Sawhorse hanging back, and inquires what's wrong.  The Sawhorse says he feels useless now.  Ozma reassures them that he'll always be needed and will be their official carrier with Scraps his dispatch-work girl.  The Sawhorse cheers up and goes for a ride.  En route, Aunt Em screams, discovering a Mifkit in the car, and as Henry picks up the offending critter, his hand gets bitten by it.  He shoves it in his boot, and brings it to the Wizard when they reach their destination. 


After fixing the houses in Lolly-Pop, he identifies the creature in the boot as a Mifkit.  When Ozma sees it she sees "we haven't been bothered with them for years." [176]  Ozma asks him if he'd like to be a winder.  He responds that so long as he gets to remain himself, he's fine.  With an emerald ring, Ozma makes him a winder and explains that he now has to ensure that Tik-Tok remain always wound up.  In the water, Captain Salt sails his scalawagon like a ship, while the water fairies and kelpies play with the animals and swimmers.  A bull-frog and his wife welcome them to their pavilion and offer bath-houses and treats.  But Jenny and Glinda see a strange cloud in the sky.  It turns out to be the 88 Notta-bells.  The Wizard asks them where they're from, but they don't remember as they've been lost and wandering for a long time with an enemy that always shadows them.  At that, a dark shadow comes over them, followed by a large shapeless being.  Ozma stands her ground, raising her hand with the emerald ring, and the creature departs for a time. 


Later, it returns, and Jenny pulls out a pair of scissors and cuts a toe off its foot, releasing the flabbergas that first blew up the Bell-Snickle (as that it what it is).  Jenny then snips off his ear, and in fear that everyone will see his true shape, he jumps into a scalawagon and flies off. 


With Ozma's permission, Jenny stamps her foot and goes after it, but she gets caught up in a thunderstorm and lands in a potato field.  There she's arrested by Dick Tater, the greatest Potentato of the Vegetable Kingdom.  Jenny scoffs, saying she could boil, mash, cream, fry or chip him, but this leads to thousands of sapient potatoes surrounding her.  Dick calls for her to be peeled, sliced and fried.  Finally, Jenny jumps with potatoes clinging to her, but they soon jump off.  Ozma, meanwhile, concludes their celebration and everyone changes out of their bathing suits.  The dragonette Evangeline helps Aunt Em dry her hair.  As the scalawagons approach the Emerald City, the Guardian of the Gates begins to fret, but the Wizard appears to calm him, and Ozma gives him a scalawagon.  When the houses in the Emerald City see the coming cars, they panic, but Ozma stops them and announces that everyone is getting a scalawagon.  The animals return to their enclosure, and at the palace she has the Notta-bells roost in the tower.


In the morning the 88 bell-men return to see if Ozma can find out who they are.  She consults her Book of Magic Tribes.  She first checks lost bands from Boboland (Rinkitink in Oz; its underground locations explored in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz), but they don't recognize them [219]  Then she finds them.  They were originally a type of Fly-a-way from Sugar Mountain in Boboland called Whisker-Wings, who got lost seven hundred years ago (at the time of the ancient book's publication).  At that point they became a lost tribe called Puckerts and were thought to have possibly become cloud-rovers.  Ozma asks if they wish to be sent back to the Sugar Mountain, but they say it's filled with ants and relatives and they'd rather stay with Ozma.  She agrees, giving them the tower to live in and play music.  They're happy to oblige, and promise to ring a warning if there's ever any danger.  Tik-Tok then arrives, begging Ozma find another use for the Mifkit as he's become too solicitous.  The Wizard asks if he wishes to return home, but he begs not to be sent there.  So the Wizard sends him to Number Nine's father to help on the farm.  Ozma then checks the Magic Picture to see how Jenny is doing with the Bell-Snickle.


Jenny had slept in a forest the night before, but when no rain came the forest grew restless and moved to the river to get water, leaving Jenny exposed.  There the Bell-Snickle comes and, remember her scissors, takes Jenny's handbag with all her fairy-gifts in it.  Finding the forest he climbs a tree and falls asleep.  In the morning, the trees decide to leave the riverbank, fearful of being chopped down, and search for a plowed field.  The Bell-Snickle awakens, weakened from having lost so much of its innards.  It cries out, but its voice is so weak the trees cannot hear him. 


Jenny awakens to a surprise, not seeing the forest she went to sleep in, and missing her handbag.  But soon, four scalawagons arrive with Dorothy, Betsy, Trot and Jellia.  Betsy and Trot say they haven't had such an adventure since they first came to Oz [240].  They each pull out scissors saying they have permission to deal with it and "cut up as much as they like."  Their scalawagons lead to Jenny's, which leads to the trees.  The trees have meanwhile been shooed off by a farmer and continue to worry about woodchoppers.  The Bell-Snickle, figuring out that if it sucks in air it can swell for a time before the air escapes his toe again, regains his voice and frightens the trees into obeying him.  Holding his toe, he leads them to the Emerald City, where he determines to become king and prevent anyone using scissors.  But as the trees reach the crossed-eyed house, the scalawagons catch up to them and in terror they flee towards the Emerald City.  Meanwhile, Ozma and the Wizard are enjoying the show in the Magic Picture.  The Wizard restrains Ozma from stopping the Bell-Snickle so that she doesn't deprive the girls of the fun. 


The Puckerts begin ringing out a warning as the trees approach.  Reluctantly following the Bell-Snickle's orders, the trees grab the Soldier and Guardian, and force him to drop his keys.  But then the gate opens and the Tin Woodman is there, summoned from his home via Magic Belt.  Hearing the Bell-Snickle's orders to enter, he begins chopping limbs from the terrified tree that houses the Bell-Snickle.  The scalawagons catch up and surround the fallen creature, forcing him to surrender.  He begs not to be exposed and throws out Jenny's handbag.  Nick has Kabumpo lead the other trees to water.  The girls help the tree whose limbs Nick chopped to find his tree-friends.  Then Jenny picks up the Bell-Snickle and leads the girls to her Style-Shop, which Sister Six (The Wonder City of Oz) is watching.  Despite his protests, she puts him through the turn-style and his original form returns.  Jenny recognizes him as the Bell-snickle (perhaps from the Lolli's description, but this is not in the text), and puts him through it again, this time adding a leash to him.  The girls scold him about having to be useful in Oz while they try on different styles in the turn-style.  After dousing him in a fountain, she parades him through the streets of the Emerald City where he's mocked and jeered at.  At the palace, Ozma decides Jenny can do with him what she will.  Jenny determines to shrink him down into a rubber-stamp and make him useful stamping merchandise in her shop.  The Bell-Snickle regrets his loss of freedom and loss of mystery, but Ozma tells him he abused his freedom and that Oz needs mystery to keep up the people's interest.  But as he's desperate for variety, Ozma relents and appoints him her Royal Rubber Stopper, which will help her stop certain injustices (e.g., Munchkin seeds blowing into Quadling lands, a house that keeps its shutters closed at night and open in the day).  The creature agrees to this.


At court, Ozma won't allow the Gillikin trees, represented by Kabumpo, to settle in the Emerald City because of the clashing color scheme, so she summons the foresters of Oz, who in every quadrant put out fires started by careless dragons.  They would like elevated posts to see up high.  She grants them each a tree, which they must keep quenched with water.  She then rewards the Nota-bells with new outfits from the turn-style and molasses.  Number Nine's father then bursts into the throne room with the Mifkit.  The Mifkit had milked his cows, but wouldn't stop until they ran away.  Angry as well, the Mifkit throws his head at the farmer and then at Ozma, who has the Soldier hold his tongue.  When he demands his body back, he gets chastised for using slang speech, and without another word, Ozma banishes him.  Though tired, she determines that a new hat will make her feel better, and she has the Town Crier announce the 3:00 party to initiate the scalawagons. After getting their new outfits, the nota-bells get molasses all over them when the Tin Woodman brings out a barrel for them.  After Scraps starts fighting with them, Ozma orders them back to the style-shop to clean up.  At the party, Jenny and Number Nine dance, and everyone has fun, even the clock back in the Wizard's tower.



Continuity notes:

Bell-Snickle: An unique and interesting being that is shapeless, but has some appendages, such as bells and a snout.  Halfway through the text, the narrator begins calling it a rubber ghost, which is what Dorothy calls it, though it appears to be neither.  It clearly suffers from insecurity, as it desperately wishes to be the only mysterious thing around.  It also seeks to frighten those it comes in contact with, but it actually never does harm or commits any violence.  It has opportunities to when it comes to the Valley of Lolly-Pops, and especially when it comes to Jenny Jump asleep.  Jenny had formerly cut off its toe and ear, and if it there was anyone it was going to revenge itself upon it would be her.  But it merely steals her handbag, primarily so it can deprive her of her scissors that had injured it.  J.L. Bell, on the BCF Pumperdink forum, ponders whether he represents a kind of paradox: "the Bell-snickle may be self-defeating and conflicted. He'd be far from the first or last person with those qualities. Indeed, he may be stuck in an unresolvable paradox by wishing to be recognized as a mystery--i.e., both known and unknown.  Neill describes him as made of rubber, flat and circular, like a 'great bladder' and capable of making 'a mighty thunder' [247]. At the risk of spoiling his mysterious qualities, I'll repeat my identification of him as an overgrown whoopie cushion."


Book of Lost Tribes and Boboland: This ancient book lists several "lost of strayed bands" from Boboland, and presumably other lands.  As the book is so old, several of these tribes may have long since been found or discovered.  The book also seems to give these lost tribes a different name than the original one they once had before they became lost or strayed, e.g., the Puckerts, who by the time of this story are called Nota-bells, were once known as Whisker Wings, which themselves are a type of Fly-a-way from Sugar Mountain.  Fly-a-ways are themselves a type of fairy.  How these fairies relate to the fairies of Burzee and An (Tititi-Hoochoo's country) is unknown.  Of the then lost/strayed Boboland tribes are: Crinks, Chuckerts (which may be related to Puckerts), Elfeons (related to Elves?), Jollericks, Spunkers, Gadixies (a kind of Pixie?) and Giffers.  No information about these is known, but Ruth Berman offers some helpful possibilities (on the BCF Pumperdink forum): "Crinks might be bent-over beings. Chuckerts and Puckerts might be related beings, the first more lumpish, and the second more shriveled. Elfeons might be elfin, but still smaller, Jollericks and Spunkers cheerful and brave, Gadixies might be roaming nixies or pixies or drinking cups, and the Giffers might be unusually generous."  As to why Boboland has so many lost tribes, J.L. Bell offers a possibility, offering that Boboland might be "a republic with many of its citizens eager to become 'civilized,' thus making the region less hospitable to princes (hence Bobo's willingness to live elsewhere) and immortals (causing the Puckerts and other somewhat magical tribes to migrate). That possibility is largely inspired by a wish to make Boboland unlike other Nonestic-region countries, not just another magical monarchy, and thus throwing out new stories instead of the same old restoration dramas."


Crank Clock: The Wizard's punctuality-obsessed hall clock doesn't appear to have a name until Jack Snow coined him "Crank Clock" in Who's Who in Oz.  Despite Number Nine's annoyance at him in this book, he later develops a closer bond with him in Lucky Bucky in Oz.  Where he comes from is unknown, though there are sapient clocks in Fix City in The Royal Book of Oz.  Then again, whatever brought the houses and other appliances to life may have also brought the Wizard's hall clock to life as well.


Dating: Takes place over the course of three days.  See the Day-to-Day Chronology for more details.  Jenny mentions the whistlebreeches she made for Number Nine "last year, when you helped me in my style shop," [138] which places this story in the year after The Wonder City of Oz.  Given that the latter story ended in November, it can be reasonably stated that this story takes place early in the new year.


Deja Vu: In the BCF Pumperdink forum, J.L. Bell indicates how Neill's approach to the manuscript resulted in several ideas being repeated twice (or more) in the story, which gives it an odd feeling of deja vu: "Rereading SCALAWAGONS for the first time in years, I was struck by how loopy it is. By that I don't mean the surreal elements of any Neill book, but how every so often the plot loops over the same ground to produce a feeling of deja vu.  On page 55, Neill describes how one Mifkit climbs into a runaway scalawagon. On page 141, he describes the same thing, but never mentions the first Mifkit-in-scalawagon. In between, Jenny and Nine spot the scalawagons but decide not to rescue them yet, after all [113].  The Sawhorse runs so fast as to harm his passengers in chapter 7 and chapter 14. (And then he wonders why people prefer to ride scalawagons.)  Mysterious clouds approach Ozma's picnic on page 186 (this cloud turns out to be the Nota-bells), page 195 (the Bell-snickle), and page 198 (the Bell-snickle again).  Jenny flies off on hunts twice, the Mifkit is ordered to take a job twice, the Nota-bells demand two sets of uniforms. And how many times do characters come upon the village of Lollies and Pops?  I suspect that Neill had certain ideas about where he wanted this story to go (e.g., "one of the scalawagons carries back a Mifkit"), but didn't carefully plan out how the pieces would fit together. He could definitely have pulled the threads of the plot tighter, and snipped off some loose ends."


Legacy: Eric Shanower notes on the "Travels in Fairyland" forum that The Scalawagons of Oz spurred on the creation of two Oz books by later authors: "Eloise and Lynn were inspired to write Merry Go Round in Oz after reading Neill’s Scalawagons in Oz and finding it not-up-to-snuff. Interestingly, Scalawagons also spurred Rachel Cosgrove to write The Hidden Valley of Oz. So although in some circles Scalawagons is considered the worst Oz book, it has actually been beneficial for Oz."


Lollies and Pops: This strange Quadling family is essentially made of candy.  J.L. Bell notes in the BCF Pumperdink forum: "The Lollies and Pops are apparently all made of candy: mint, butterscotch, chocolate, lemon, grape, and licorice [35, 39, 120]... The Lollies and Pops can dissolve and melt [37, 39], so their choice to live beside the water and apparently near the Deadly Desert is a little odd. They can be eaten, arousing the appetite of both Jenny and the Hungry Tiger [120, 153]. Yet they make "stew" [120] and other warm food [39]."  What accounts for the foolishness of the fathers, the industriousness of the daughters, or the odd fact that Tik-Tok's beating of the fathers restores their intelligence is not answered in the text, nor is the reason, as J.L. Bell remarks, "people keep crashing in on their village." 


Map: Neill's map places Glinda's castle much further north than Baum, who indicates that it's on the border of the Deadly Desert.  It also places Jack Pumpkinhead's house within the Emerald City, when Baum and Thompson place it in the Winkie Country, just outside the city border.


Mis-characterizations: Neill's characterizations are off from Baum's (and Thompson's) by sometimes wide margins: Ozma, the Wizard, Tik-Tok, Jack Pumpkinhead and to a lesser extent Dorothy, Betsy, Trot and Jellia behave in ways that are nearly unrecognizable from their former selves.  Tik-Tok is emotional, anxious and exasperated.  The Wizard disappears constantly when he's needed.  Jack Pumpkinhead is suddenly concerned about dignity.  Wholly uncharacteristic of Ozma and the Wizard, they not only approve of Jenny's dismemberment of the Bell-Snickle (she cuts off a toe and an ear), a creature that's done nothing but cast a shadow on their party, but they give Dorothy, Betsy, Trot and Jellia scissors to go and "cut up as much" of the Bell-Snickle" as they like! [241]  Even when the Bell-Snickle determines to become king of Oz, his sole thought is to prevent anyone using scissors.  Ozma, the Wizard and the posse of girls on the other hand either take pleasure in cruelly hunting the creature down, and in Ozma and the Wizard's case, watching it be hunted down, oblivious to the terror of the trees that are being controlled, or the physically injured state of the Bell-Snickle, whose been losing his life fluids through the toe that Jenny already cut off.  The kindhearted Tin Woodman is also distorted into a figure of violence when without even waiting for a reply, he begins chopping limbs from one of the frightened trees that the Bell-Snickle has been ordering.  After Jenny publicly bathes the Bell-Snickle and parades him through the streets of the Emerald City, where he's jeered and mocked, Ozma praises her for how she's handled things thus far, and allows her to administer whatever justice to him that she sees fit!  While Ozma relents in that she allows him to become a rubber stamp (as if that's some great honor), she is less "generous" to the Mifkit, whose side of the story she never hears because his slightly slang speech is offensive to her ears.  As she banishes him, she calls him a "little savage."  The novella The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz explain these personality changes.


Mifkits: Though spelled differently, the description of this race and Neill's pictures identify it as being akin to the Mifkets of John Dough and the Cherub, as well as the Scoodlers (The Road to Oz), who have the ability to remove their heads and throw them.  If this aspect of the account is correct, then there is an established familial link between Mifkits and Scoodlers.  This particular branch of Mifkits, however, are considerably smaller than the Mifkets or Scoodlers, which begs the question of why they'd be deemed such a threat, particularly as the one individual the Ozites meet is contentedly willing to work.  J.L. Bell indicates that, "Both Mifkets and Scoodlers are hostile and violent, like these Mifkits as a bunch [even among themselves--142]. But the individual we see most proves quite willing to work hard for Ozians. Neill nevertheless calls that one a 'little brown monster' [173]," which evokes possible unpleasant racist depictions.  Other unanswered questions include their reputation.  Both Number Nine and Ozma have heard about the Mifkits before [118, 175].  In fact, they seem to have been a problem for Oz at one point; Ozma says, 'We haven't been bothered with them in years' [176].  While the text at first seems to suggest they live in the Sandy Wastes, the map indicates they are on the other side of the desert, living near the Scoodlers.  If they are, in fact, a different tribe, they live not too far from their head-removing kin."  Ozma's unkind behavior towards the hard-working Mifkit is explained in the forthcoming story, The Wizards of Silver and Gold A Mifkit named Jinx lives and works in the Emerald City in The Ozmapolitan of Oz.  This is likely the same Mifkit whom Ozma banished, but later brought back when she came back into her right mind.


Nota-bells: The 88 Nota-bells match the number of keys on a piano, with the dumb-bell representing rest.  There are several discrepancies with what they say.  They claim to have no memory of their past, and yet when Ozma correctly identifies them and asks them if they'd like to return to their original home in the Sugar Mountain, they decline, saying it's filled with ants and relatives.  Puns aside, if they don't remember their past, how do they remember that?  Their identity is also odd.  The Book of Magic Tribes calls them Puckerts, a lost tribe from Boboland.  This seems to be the name given to a kind of Fly-a-way from Sugar Mountain in Boboland called Whisker-Wings, who got lost seven hundred years ago (at the time of the ancient book's publication).  The book speculates that they may have become assimilated into the community of Cloud Pushers.  Given that the book is so old, the Puckerts may have been lost for well over a millennium.  This makes their ignorance of girls [98, 190] and human swimmers, who they think are "water spirits" [190] odd in the face of their claim that they inspire human composers, [98-100], "some of whom had been female and some of whom swam." (J.L. Bell, BCF Pumperdink forum)  Another discrepancy is the Nota-bells' complaint that their "great enemy, who shadows us," is the Bell-snickle.  The Bell-snickle never once throughout the story mentions them or bothers them, his sole purpose being to maintain his status as the MYSTERY and to eliminate any competing mysteries.  The Nota-bells seems to have exaggerated an untold incident in the past when the Bell-Snickle encountered them, deemed them a mystery to be solved, followed them for a bit, and then forgot about them.  Either that or the Bell-Snickle is not the great enemy from their past.  Nathan DeHoff, on the BCF Pumerdink forum, offers that "Perhaps the Nota-Bells are mistaking the Bell-Snickle for some earlier enemy (there could be an interesting story there, if the original enemy followed them to the Emerald City), or they just assume that anything big that casts a shadow in their vicinity must be an enemy."  J.L. Bell postulates that: "the Bell-snickle probably hears a ringing in his ears from the bells he wears. The Nota-bells take responsibility for tunes ringing in other people's ears, so perhaps they're shadowing him--or there's mutual resentment."


Scalawagons: These sapient automobiles are a curiosity.  At only 25 pounds, they utilize "gas" from peli-cans, which resemble barrel-birds, but which contain some kind of fluid that powers these cars.  The scalawagons also produce food of any and all kinds, presumably magically, and seem to have a built-in knowledge of where everything is in Oz.  The Wizard's factory appears to have been producing one for every citizen.  There are highways for cars in Oz, but the scalawagons seem to be able to hover and swim on water.  The one big difference between them and their predecessors, the Ozoplanes, is that the scalawagons are alive.  Their absence in later Oz books is accounted for in the short story "Revolt of the Scalawagons."


Teletable: This magical invention of the Wizard's, first mentioned in The Wonder City of Oz, and which purportedly finds lost things (and in the latter book, retrieves them, though this is highly suspect) never appears again in an Oz story.  This maybe because it has problems.  As J.L. Bell notes, "A bigger mystery might be why the teletable had never before shown the Nota-bells or the several other lost tribes. Then again, the teletable never seems to show the Valley of Lost Things in Merryland, which would be an obvious place for it to point all the time."


Trees: The narrative presents a different group of sapient trees than the Fighting Trees in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, or the Twigs of Kabumpo in Oz.  Nathan DeHoff notes in the Pumperdink forum that: "In Onyx Madden's MYSTERIOUS CHRONICLES, the fighting trees are able to communicate, but not with regular spoken language.  They apparently couldn't move around.  In addition to SCALAWAGONS, there are walking and talking trees called Twigs in KABUMPO, and there's a mention of Twigs living on South Mountain (presumably not the same place they were encountered in KABUMPO) in OJO.  Personally, I think there are several different varieties of sentient trees, some being able to talk, others to move voluntarily to varying degrees (some just their limbs, and others their roots as well), and some to do both."


Wizard of Oz: As J.L. Bell points out in the BCF Pumperdink forum, the Wizard's behavior is bizarre throughout the book, disappearing and reappearing without rhyme or reason, and mismanaging his responsibilities, which end up causing problems: "As a manufacturing executive, the Wizard leaves a lot to be desired. When the Wizard vanishes on page 26, he hasn't explained to Tik-Tok the danger of flabber-gas. Presumably it's part of the manufacturing process, since otherwise its only function in the factory is as a plot device.  The Wizard also doesn't tell Tik-Tok that the assembly line might back up, which it does to the sound of "'crumpling fenders' [28]. The Wizard doesn't consider what might happen when Tik-Tok runs down, which he's bound to do eventually. Since no one else knows about the scalawagon factory and Carrot Top Mountain appears too steep to climb, presumably the Wizard himself expects to come back and wind Tik-Tok up."









Lucky Bucky in Oz


Book 36 of the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five!


Story: After his uncle's tug boat explodes in the New York Harbor, "Lucky" Bucky Jones is propelled up past the Statue of Liberty, past the Cloud Pushers and Barrel Birds, onto a volcano made of dough in the middle of the Nonentic Ocean.  There, as vegetables shoot out of the volcano's crater, angry cooks try to push him back with paddles.  Coming upon an oven, Bucky takes out some pies to eat.  The bakers retaliate, but are drawn away by an alarm indicating the approach of pirates emerging from a great wooden whale.  Bucky enjoys the battle between the cooks and pirates.  When the latter get the upper hand, the whale retreats from them, forcing the pirates to surrender and become doughboys for the cooks, who take away their weapons and gear.  Turning their attention back to Bucky, they send him into the water, where the whale takes an interest in him and invites him inside.  Bucky enters his open jaw, which is the deck, but the whale asks for confirmation that neither he nor his relatives are pirates.  Satisfied, he tells Bucky where he is.  When Bucky tell his tale, the whale tells him to desist, as he doesn't care to hear of fantastic places like New York and the Atlantic.  Bucky knows of Oz, however, and the whale says he'd like to visit the Emerald City as he's never been there.  The pirates who'd caught him had kept him laughing for two years and he needs a sad spell.


After cleaning up the pirates' mess and finding a chest with a box of silver door knobs, Bucky goes to sleep and awakens to find the whale in a good mood.  He introduces himself as Davy Jones, and Bucky says his last name is also Jones, which causes the whale to determine that they're cousins.  Pledging their friendship, Davy takes Bucky to meet the Dollfins.  These are large mermaid doll-like beings, and hundreds of them emerge to meet the person they think is going to be their new playmate (Davy had promised to bring them one some time ago).  Disconcerted by the grabbing dolls, Bucky withdraws, but the dolls grow possessive, indicating that while they'd prefer a girl playmate, they'll take Bucky.  Concerned for Bucky, Davy departs westward to Oz. 


Putting on one of the pirates' overcoats, Randy finds a map of Oz stitched into the lining, and Davey follows the directions up a waterfall and unto the top of a mountain covered in snow.  Yet they soon find themselves unable to move, frozen by the power of the Zerons, who are frosty little snow men.  Davy spouts a stream of warm water from the top of his head, melting the Zerons and freeing him to slide down the mountain towards Oz, where he zig-zags into a river eight miles below.  But skiing down the mountain behind them are the Dollfins who'd followed them, so Davy takes off again down the river into a forest. 


As they float down, bubbles start appearing warning them to turn around.  Soon, they're completely covered by bubbles.  As speaking causes the bubbles to pop, the pair start talking incessantly until they've cleared a path for themselves.  Davy tells Bucky that in Oz there are no prisons or death, and although there are witches and obstacles, no one who comes to Oz ever wishes to leave.  One of the obstacles they encounter in the wild wilderness where they travel comes from the weeping willows who push them towards the Tickly Bender, a giant water elemental who waits at the head of the river.  When the Tickler's tickles fail to elicit a response from Davy, the Tickler rises up and sends them down into an underground cavern. 


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, Number Nine exits his Scalawagon to visit a popular Oz cream shop, whose owner worries that the dragon Evangeline, a favorite around the city, will eat all her stock.  Number Nine assures her the Wizard knows the problem, and there appear two more bottomless supplies of Oz cream.  Evangeline comes and enjoys the treat, though one of her heads worries that neither head knows which is Evan and which Geline.  Number Nine departs for the Style Shop to see Jenny Jump.  She puts him through the turn-style for a new suit, and he departs for the palace, where children are teasing the Soldier with the Green Whiskers by drawing pictures of him on the palace walls.  Ozma is amused by this and decides to have all the children draw pictures on the walls depicting Oz's history. 


The Wizard announces the CWO project (Castle Walls of Oz), in which Dorothy, Betsy, Trot, Ojo, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman will paint their histories on the walls, as will Kabumpo, Scraps, Jack Pumpkinhead, Tik-Tok, Sir Hokus, General Jinjur, Captain Salt, the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger.  Others from the Emerald City and outside it come to join in the fun.  The Wizard hands out magic paint brushes to them.  The brushes never drip or need to be dipped in a paint-bucket, and colors are determined by turning the handle.  Number Nine departs for the Wizard's workshop.  Looking through the tattlescope lens of the Ozmic Ray, he sees the events of Bucky and Davy at the start of their adventures in the volcano.  So consumed by this does he get that he returns to it the next morning, departing through the ambassa-door only when he sees something in the Gnome King's dominion, but he soon returns. 


The city walls are covered in ladders and scaffolds, as each artist is given a city block to decorate.  Kabumpo and Ojo paint the Elegant Elephant, Tik-Tok and the Shaggy Man paint what appears to be Tik-Tok, and Scraps decorates her wall with patches filled with rhymes, including one to the Bell-snickle (The Scalawagons of Oz).  Captain Salt paints an ocean, while General Jinjur and the Sawhorse paint a revolt of cows and horses with guns attacking red, white and blue crows.  The Hungry Tiger does a self-portrait, while the Lion forgets to add himself to a scene.  Trot and Jellia Jamb draw the palace.  Even Rinkitink (Rinkitink in Oz) arrives with a surly goat to paint.  Sir Hokus and Evangeline paint an army of knights. The students from the Wogglebug's College join in the festivities. 


Of all of the paintings, Jack Pumpkinhead's painstaking depiction of witches, sorcerers and cauldrons is the most realistic and arresting.  Its most striking image is Mombi, and as Jack inspects it the picture turns its head to glare at him.  The speaking likeness of Mombi steps out of the wall and becomes three-dimensional, terrifying the crowd who flee.  Smacking Jack across the head, she goes off to hide, hoping to settle old scores with Ozma.  She leaps over the wall and then up to the wizard's tower.  The bellmen (the Nota-bells from The Scalawagons of Oz) ring out an alarm.  Number Nine sees the Mombi likeness runs off with the Wizard's magic bag.  But Jenny jumps up and grabs the bag out of her grip.  The image of Mombi heads to the lonely mountain passes of the Winkie Wilderness where "bandit sorcerers and weird witches" have lived for years, working magic and waiting to ambush wanderers.  But even there, the image of Mombi isn't safe as she escapes becoming a slave to wizards and witches just as cruel as her "and even more powerful."  Flying across the Deadly Desert, she sees Davy and the Tickly Bender, and flies into a door in Davy's side.  Spying the empty room, she hides under the bunk.


Passing through the subterranean river, Bucky and Davy comes across a sign from Kaliko that prohibits fish, chickens, children and ex-kings.  Soon enough, they encounter the Gnomes who throw chains on them and bring them into a cavern to meet with King Kaliko.  He inquires if Bucky encountered Ruggedo hanging around outside (last seen in Handy Mandy in Oz).  Bucky says he didn't, but angry at being chained up, he speaks rudely to Kaliko, who in response, orders Quiggeroc to put the boy to work in the deepest mine.  Just then, Number Nine's voice welcomes Davy and Bucky to Oz, assuring them the Gnomes can't hurt them.  He then puts up an invisible wall, blocking the gnome forces from Bucky and Davy, while untying the latter.  Bucky tackles Kaliko and when his crown falls off, he grabs it up and declares himself king of the Gnomes.  Kaliko unlocks the throne and hides inside it.  While he wears the Ruby Crown, the gnomes don't molest Bucky, but when he orders them to open the closed flood gate, they refuse to obey.  So, remembering the door knobs he'd found, he tosses them at the flood-gate, causing a powerful wind to rip loose the hinges of the barriers.  The Gnomes then unleash a barrage of large gems, but Bucky tosses another door handle, blowing the Gnomes away.  Suddenly, from the door-knobs come forth the Gabooches, Tom, Dick and Harry, who are birds with heads shaped like bellows and nozzle-shaped beaks.  Bucky tosses the fourth one, bringing forth Flummox their younger sister. 


Together, they plunge out of the flood-gate into a gloomy twisting and turning current.  Number Nine's voice informs them to keep to the left, and they soon emerge on the surface.  Concerned about Tickley Bender, Davy hurries down the waterway which grows shallower until it dries up completely.  Determined to get to the Emerald City, Davy crawls inch by inch on the sand, with Bucky removing rocks from his path, until the next day when they reach a field of bones.  The bones come alive and attack Bucky and then Davy.  The electrical currents they release actually prompt Davy to go even faster, and he soon leaves them far behind. 


When they reach the Deadly Desert, however, they're unsure what to do and where to go.  But then the Gabooches spot Polychrome sitting on a rock.  She greets them and when the Rainbow arrives, invites them up the Rainbow and over the desert.  Davy is reluctant, but with everyone's help he ascends the rainbow.  When Davy's weight begins to sag the rainbow, some Cloud Pushers come along to help.  Davy speeds down the other side of the rainbow into a lake and emerges a happy whale now that he is in Oz.


Proceeding through the Winkie river the next morning, Davy ignores a sign that indicates there's no connection to any other river, and before long finds his path blocked by cattails.  Bucky pulls one free and it turns out to be a cat.  Pulling out the others, Davy passes through.  Flummox believes they were once humans that are under a witch's enchantment.  Bucky isn't sure, but she reminds him that she and her brothers were doorknobs before he threw them. 


The river ends at Gameland, where a band of human-sized grasshoppers in kilts invite them to play.  Everyone spends the day involved in the numerous contests and games of chance and skill as they slowly make their way down the river.  Around the bend, they come to a talking china teapot named King Jack Pott who challenges them to a game of checkers played across a large board that sits on the river.  Offering to make tea or hot chocolate, the King tells Bucky that if he wins he intends to keep them there to play checkers with him all the time.  Not desiring this, Bucky, with Flummox's help, has the king's checker pieces replaced with pies.  These attract the attention of the hungry Thunderbugs who come to eat the pies and allow Bucky to win the game.  As more Thunderbugs arrive, the Gabooches try to blow them away, which just inflames them, causing Jack Pott and his checkerboard to flee.  Davy puts their fire out and the fireflies explain that they're obsessed with pies and aren't really as bad as the teapot would make them seem.  Bucky goes to the whales' stores and brings out many pies.  The king then returns with a policeman whose a tall safety-pin.  Punning his way out of trouble, Bucky, Davy and the Gabooches proceed down the river with the Thunderbugs in tow and atop Davy, hungry for more pies.


As they feed the glowing fireflies, whose light illuminates the dark path through the most dangerous river in Oz, the party pass by mountain sorcerers and marauding witches who've gathered for an assembly.  One powerful wicked witch nearly captures them, but they are saved by the light of the thunderbugs and the speed of Davy who, terrified, rushes down the sinister river, where await the "huge prowling spy-ders" and "hostile bands" of outlaw sorcerers and their servants who reside on either side of the narrow ravine. 


By morning all the pies are gone and the travelers find themselves deep in the Winkie Land where the river bed goes dry.  The fireflies fly off as Davy slides down the soap-stone surface of Slippery Dick's land, which is a greased racetrack.  Dick himself tells them to dry off as he departs for his soap castle, and it soon begins snowing talcum powder.  The Gabooches fly off to find a river, and after many miles of cornfields come upon a large corn tower.


The Scarecrow and Tinman greet them.  On hearing of their quest, the pair inform them that they had the Wizard remove many of the rivers due to bad experiences with mischievous rivers that brought witches from the mountains and Jinkyinks who constantly pushed and dragged them into the water.  The rivers that remained were limited to flow only a short distance, explaining why the ones Davy had traversed had dried up and ended.  The Wizard had rolled up their local river and placed it under the cellar doors.  In order to help the Gabooches and their friends, they retrieve and unfold the river which follows the birds as they return to Soap Hollow.


Freeing the whale from under the mounds of talcum powder, the Gabooches blast a path to the river, which Davy follows to the corncob castle of the Scarecrow.  The pair come out to greet Bucky and Davy, who is thrilled to meet them.  Although the whale's concerned about how scuffed up he's gotten, the Scarecrow tells Davy that the Wizard will give him a new polish and even reduce him to the size of a goldfish if he wishes.  Davy doesn't wish that, but the Tin Woodman reassures him that "the Wizard would never meddle with anyone's appearance without first getting his consent" [216]  With the rolled up river, Davy prepares to sail to Lake Quad, which is only two miles south of the Emerald City.  But when the rubber band holding the river jerks one of the Gabooches overboard, the Tin Man cuts it, starting an argument between himself and the rubber band and causing the Scarecrow and Nick Chopper to decide to come along with Davy to make sure the river behaves itself. 


They next arrive at the Wise Acres Country Club where all the members are uncles and are indignant that a river is running across their grounds.  They only allow uncles on their property, and although the Tin Woodman says he is the uncle of six nieces, they look to throw off the others.  When Bucky sees Uncle Sam, however, he proclaims him his uncle.  Sam recognizes him too.  The Scarecrow then puts on his crown and the clubhouse recognize his authority and accept them as guests.  When they learn they're journeying to the Emerald City, they claim to need a vacation and ask to go with them.  Davy welcomes them onboard, but when he finally makes it to Lake Quad, the strain of the journey and stress on his planks causes him to sink. 


The uncles and Bucky reach land carrying the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman with them.  Davy, meanwhile, disturbs a large sleeping cat-fish, literally a cat with eight legs who calls herself an Octopuss, who pummels him until he's pushed ashore.  After having the water drained out of Davy, Nick Chopper goes about repairing his leaks and examining his planks.  The living image of Mombi then reveals herself from having hidden under Bucky's bed.  The Gabooches blow and chase after her and she heads to Volcano Island.


Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard, meanwhile, gush over Jenny for her rescue of the Wizard's black bag.  As they head back to the castle wall, they discover that the trickster Trickolas Om and three other witches have escaped from their portraits.  The Wizard comes to realize that he mixed too much magic in the paint, and makes everyone in the streets disappear as they decide what to do with Trickolas Om, who had once been their "greatest menace" next to Mombi.  The practical joker arrives and tries to trick himself into a magical wave which the Wizard undoes.  Ozma sends him back into the painting with the Magic Belt, instructing Jack Pumpkinhead to paint chains around his ankles. 


The other missing witches are: Aunt Geranium, who is invisible as long as a bird is singing, a talent that allows her to put geranium buds on Quadling noses (Glinda recalls having to remove as many as fifty a week); Blue Schoola, a Munchkin who used to break shoestrings; and Plush.  To ensure they don't get away, all the brooms in the city have been hidden or locked away.  But Old Schoola and Aunt Geranium return and give up, returning to their places on the wall.  Ozma catches Plush as well, setting up a broom in a chimney which magicks her back into the picture.  The Wizard brings back the people and readjusts the magic in the paint brushes.  Meanwhile, the painted image of Kabumpo eats the painted hay, characters in their pictures quarrel and the portrait of Ozma waves at the real one as she passes by.  Also, twenty-two painted Wizards leave the walls to greet the real Wizard; as they have no memory of anything that happened to them prior to being painted, the Wizard manages to convince each one to go back to his wall, and then secures them in.


As Kabumpo hands out medals and presents to the children and everyone in the Emerald City, the Wizard goes to the kitchens to eat a snack.  There, he's approached by a number of brooms who'd been damaged by witches that have "hag-ridden" them.  One witch, Curly Ah-Ha-Do, took him into the mountains and abandoned him.  After two years he found his way home.  One had her back broken by the Thimble Witch who smashed her on a Munchkin farmer's head.  Unhappy about being stuck in corners and doors, they ask the Wizard's help.  The Wizard restores each of them and then flies up to this tower, where Number Nine is trying in vain to fix Crank Clock, which Mombi appears to have damaged.  The Wizard fixes him.  The Clock tells them how he'd been watching Davy sink into Lake Quad in in the tattlescope when he was struck in the back and thrown to the floor, noticing only the figure of a witch who stared into the screen.  Searching, the Wizard finds Mombi at Volcano Island, where the bakers are shooting biscuits at her.  So, the Wizard, Ozma and Glinda jump into a Scalawagon and fly to the island.  Ozma laughs that it's like old times, remarking that "it's been a long time since we hunted witches together.  I rather like it."


With Davy's injuries repaired, they head north towards the palace.  Concerned that Davy will crash into the wall, the Scarecrow falls overboard, with Nick right behind him.  The whale only circles the wall, as the river follows him, but he soon notices their loss.  The city raises an alarm and clamor, but the pair are merely bouncing on the surface, as the Wizard had changed the river's nature.  Number Nine, Dorothy and her companions rush off to meet the arrivals. 


Bucky thanks Number Nine for helping them in the Gnome Kingdom and Number Nine drags him off to Jenny Jump's style-shop to get him a new suit, but the Gabooches, thinking he's taking him prisoner blow upon Number Nine until he explains.  When he puts Tom, Dick, Harry and Flummox through the turn-style, however, they transform into children.  "Little Sister" is the first to realize they'd never been Gabooches at all.  After they go off to meet everyone, Number Nine decides to sleep with Bucky inside Davy.


The Wizard, meanwhile, shrinks the volcano with Mombi inside it until it wraps around her.  Glinda uses her wishing cap to make the baker's hats puff out so that they float.  As they head home, the volcano and bakers are made to follow them.  The Wizard explains that the volcano can be put in the middle of Lake Quad, where the Doughboys can bake their pies and doughnuts without fear of pirates.  Mombi is placed back in the wall, where Jack paints on her a happy smile, causing her to change her disposition. 


In the throne room, Davy is invited by Ozma to sing his sea songs.  Later in the evening, Davy and the others go to Lake Quad where the Wizard has restored the volcano's size and is shooting off magic fireworks.  The Wizard then appoints an appreciative Davy with the task of delivering all the pies the Doughboys make every morning to the Emerald City.  Then the Wizard requests a spare bunk to spend the night with them and Davy learns that Ozma gave him a new polish.  With Davy staying on permanently, Bucky decides to join him and be his helper.


Continuity notes:

Bucky Jones: Several theories have been floated around as to the twelve year old [129] "Lucky" Bucky Jones' previous life.  He appears to be an orphan, though this is not explicit.  He appears to show no concern over his uncle, whose tugboat he was on (and if his uncle or any others were killed in the explosion that propelled him to Oz), and whether any remaining family will grieve over him, thinking him dead.  It is possible that Bucky did not have a good relationship with his uncle, or that his uncle might already be dead, leaving him the tugboat as all he has.  Bucky tellingly looks at the Statue of Liberty, almost expecting her to speak, and the narrator refers to it as "the Great Goddess of Liberty," as if to suggest that she bestows this orphan, and possibly even immigrant, with special favor [18].  Of course, there is also the question of what information, if any, Neill left out of his account.


Crank Clock: Number Nine blames Mombie for the fallen state of Crank Clock [252], but Mombi hadn't been anywhere near the Wizard's tower during the period in which the clock was knocked over.  It may be that it was another witch from an escaped painting that Number Nine mistook for Mombi.  Another theory might be that Mombi knocked him over through the Tattlescope [254], though it seems unlikely that while fleeing Mombi would waste time frightening a clock.


Corncob Mansion: The text presents a contradiction as to how many floors are in the castle, noting that Bucky climbed twenty flights to the tower at the top [213], but from there the Scarecrow fell only twelve flights to the bottom.  There is also a seeming contradiction to The Emerald City of Oz, in which the Scarecrow's Mansion was said to have five floors, but the Scarecrow may have had floors added in the interim.  As regards the Scarecrow's crediting of Nick Chopper for its construction, this also seems to contradict The Emerald City of Oz,  in which the Tin Woodman states that it was "my Winkies and many other people from all parts of the country."  This is also indicated in The Corn Mansion of Oz.  But the Scarecrow may be giving extra credit to the Tin Woodman for his contribution.


Dating: The narrative is dated to six days, but as the Day-to-Day Chronology notes, there are some serious time anomalies. Lucky Bucky in Oz might be said to be dated by the back-cover inscription, in which Bucky urges kids to buy war bonds. The U.S. didn't enter World War II until mid-December 1941.  However, these words were clearly composed for the book's publication date and have nothing to do with the events depicted in it.  Thus, they can be discarded in terms of dating the story.  It's also suspect whether Bucky actually wrote that or whether the publishers were using his name to push a nationalistic agenda, as many in the entertainment field were doing so at the time.  In the author's preface, Neill says he came across Bucky's record and kept the story close to how he received it, which is an indication that it takes place considerably earlier than 1941.


Davy Jones: One of Neill's most endearing creations is this great wooden whale who longed to see Oz and good-naturedly carried Bucky inside him.  He carried around pirates for two years before leaving them in the ocean around Volcano Island.  He also has a friendly relationship with the Dollfins, who he carried to where they currently reside in the river, and had promised to bring them a girl companion (though whether he ever kept that promise is not known).  Although being a magical creature, he claims a familial connection to Bucky by virtue of their both sharing the same last name, an indication that he may not realize he's named after an idiom for death at the bottom of the sea, usually reserved for the place where pirates and sailors go after they die in a shipwreck.  Also unusual is his blowhole, which blows out warm water, and the fact that despite not eating, he sleeps [71, 73, 142].  Only two other magical constructs are known to sleep.  The first is the Wooden Gargoyles from Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz.  The second is Bungle the Glass Cat (See continuity notes for The Patchwork Girl of Oz).  Davy's ultimate origins and creator are never discussed and remain a mystery.  J.L. Bell notes two other interesting factors about Davy: "he can change the length of his jaw: 'Extending his lower jaw to its fullest length, Davy made more room on the deck' [227]. And at one point he even seems luminescent: in the Nomes' underground realm, 'occasional flashes from Davy's eyes lit the tunnel' [119].


Gabooches: A family of four bellow-headed birds that can blow fierce winds.  They had been transformed into door knobs, presumably by Trickolas Om, and were later transformed into human children by the turn-style.  One theory postulated by J.L. Bell holds that they are naturally Gabooches and not humans based on the idea that the turn-style has never disenchanted anyone, only their clothing.


Glinda's Wishing Cap: Never seen before or after, Glinda apparently has, at least temporarily, a wishing cap that she uses to blow the Doughboys' hats into balloons that she then flies over to Lake Quad.  The Wishing Cap can also be made much smaller: she "folded it over and over until it was small enough to slip into a tiny button she wore on her sleeve" [277].


Jack Pumpkinhead's Memory: Jack must be in need of a new pumpkinhead, as he seems to think he was a slave of Mombi for seven years (something he says twice on page 111), when in fact he escaped with Tip the very day he was brought to life by Tip.


Magic Paint and Mombi: There is some precedence for the unusual circumstance of painted subject matter coming to life, leaving the wall, becoming three-dimensional and carrying on.  In chapter 5 of Ozma of Oz, Mr. Smith of Smith & Tinker was said to have painted a river so realistic he fell into it, a clear indication of magic.  He repeats this trick again in "Button-Bright and the Knit-Wits of Oz."  Also, in The Tin Woodman of Oz, the Scarecrow recounts a time when Jinjur painted him a straw-stack that was so natural he was able to re-stuff himself with it [135].  There is every indication that these are not quite doppelgangers of the original persons, particularly as many of the escaped paintings represent persons that are still alive, the Wizard, Ozma, Kabumpo, and even Mombi (see "Executive Decisions.")  There is a contradiction as to what these speaking likenesses remember.  On Page 246 none of the twenty-two painted Wizards have any memory of what came before they were painted.  Yet, when the image of Mombi comes to life on page 113, she declares that she has some old debts to pay to Ozma.  Clearly, she has a memory of events, and there is a question of how the 22 wizards know they're wizards if they have no memory.  Nontheless, the sapient images do behave uncharacteristically from their original selves, with the wizards and several witches going voluntarily back to the wall from which they came.  There is also no indication as to whether they remain sapient on the wall or if that magical quality of the paint fades over time. 


Money: Neill follows Baum's indication that there is no money used in Oz and "never any charge for a single thing." [87]


Nick Chopper's Nieces: J.L. Bell points out yet another odd statement regarding the Tin Woodman and his family: "The Tin Woodman says he 'had six nieces, years ago.  They all married Tinsmiths' [226].  Since he himself was a woodchopper, does this mean the family had an interest in tin even before he started losing limbs?  Or perhaps Nick brought these nieces to the Winkie Country after he became emperor, and they married some of the tinsmiths who helped build his castle. Why doesn't Nick have these nieces anymore? I suppose that means he no longer feels avuncular responsibility for them since they're all married."  The latter explanation of their marrying Tinsmiths seems to make the most logical sense.  What we don't know is whether his nieces are from a brother, sister, or both.  As of this time, no story has ever been written discussing any sibling.


Nonentic Ocean: This is the first appearance of the Nonentic Ocean (as opposed to the Nonestic Ocean).  While some fans have chalked this up to a mistake on Neill or the editor's part, The Royal Explorers of Oz trilogy includes a Nonentic Ocean which borders both the Rolantic (from King Kojo) and Nonestic oceans.  This still leaves a mistake as Volcano Island is described as being in the wrong ocean based on the textual evidence as to its location.  The Haff & Martin map corrects this, placing it in the Nonestic Ocean.


Polychrome: This is the second time Polychrome is coincidentally found on the edge of the Deadly Desert (though this time she's on the other side) and the second time the travelers cross over via Rainbow.  The first was in The Purple Prince of Oz and it was Kabumpo who feared crossing the rainbow (and who made it sag).


Rinkitink and the Surly Goat: This is the first appearance of Rinkitink in canon since the book of his own name (Rinkitink in Oz), though his surly goat certainly cannot be the disenchanted Prince Bobo, but must be another goat which he befriended to keep him company.  Mrs. Pickering Goes to Oz suggests that he named this goat Bilbil after the one he lost in Rinkitink in Oz.


Scalawagon: While it was implied in The Scalawagons of Oz, it is made explicit here.  Scalawagons can fly [256-8].


Shaggy Man: Though he doesn't appear by name, the indication on page 107 of an "elderly man with scraggly clothes" is almost certainly him.


Soap Hollow: At the foot of the same mountain, Slippery Dick's kingdom of Soap Hollow appears to have a connection to Suds, also in the Winkie Country, from The Gnome King of Oz.  The Haff & Martin map sagaciously places them together, which begs the question of what relationship does Slippery Dick have to Shampoozle.  Is the former a vassal king of the latter.  And if they are the same kingdom, what became of Shampoozle?  J.L. Bell notes that "Some might therefore choose to believe that by LUCKY BUCKY Ozma had deposed Shampoozle and freed those people, and that Slippery Dick is the elected leader of the same territory."


Temporal Error: The sequence of events in the narrative is very off between chapters 9 and 11.  Number Nine follows the events of Davy and Bucky to the point where they are in Kaliko's presence.  Seeing a disturbance there, he takes the ambassa-door to the Gnome Kingdom and back [104/5].  The events of that encounter are later revealed on page 125.  The problem is that Number Nine, after coming back from the Gnome Kingdom, goes to inspect the painting of the city walls, at which time the image of Mombi comes to life and flies away from Oz and over the Deadly Desert, where she encounters Davy and Bucky dealing with the Tickly Bender in Chapter 7, which took place the night before they encountered the Gnomes!  When Bucky and Davy encounter Kaliko, Mombi is already hidden inside the whale!  This is a time paradox (and a big mistake on the part of Neill and the editors at Reilly & Lee).  Did Mombi fly back in time to an event that happened the night before?  Did Number Nine jump ahead in time to aid in Bucky and Davy's escape?  Oddly enough, it's not the only chronological error in the text.  J.L. Bell notes: [Number Nine] frees Davy and Bucky from Kaliko on pages 125-8.  Later he throws his voice back to the underground river on page 140 to advise them on getting out of the whirlpool.  These episodes are 'hours' apart.  Yet Nine was gone from the Wizard's workshop to the Nome Kingdom for only "A few minutes" [105], and immediately left the palace to inspect the city.  Ken Shepard's chronology notes some other time impossibilities.


Tickly Bender: A nineteenth century expression for thin ice, or playing upon thin ice.  Also called Kittly Bender.  The being represented by that name in this story is a kind of mischievous water elemental, and may be the kind of entity that the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman complained of when they send the rivers brought down witches from the mountains and Jinkijinks.


Unreliable Text: As with Neill's prior two manuscripts, there are events present that are so outlandish and nonsensical, even by Oz standards, as well as contradictions that are "fundamental," "pervasive" and difficult to reconcile, that not a few have postulated exaggeration on Neill's part and a general unreliable text.  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, J.L. Bell takes this one step further, arguing "the text of LUCKY BUCKY can't be a reliable record of what Number Nine was up to during Bucky's journey. If we had Nine's own input, he'd presumably tell a more coherent story--a story which might also differ in significant respects on what he saw, or didn't see, Davy and Bucky do.  Neill tells us he stumbled across a "special record of Lucky Bucky with all the details of his difficulties and hardships," and accepted it as accurate. I posit that that record reflects Bucky and Davy's claims, but doesn't include first-hand testimony from Number Nine or others in the Emerald City or other verification.  Yet another Oz-as-history interpretation could be rooted in American history.  LUCKY BUCKY was published shortly after the US entered a total war against the Axis. We now know that FDR's government kept a great many things secret during that time, including infiltration by German spies. The government also issued cover stories to protect some of its own activities.  If saboteurs blew up a tugboat in the middle of New York harbor (creating an explosion that emitted light, as shown in Neill's drawing on page 17), the wartime government may have insisted that Neill not reveal all its details. That could lead to a narrative full of holes, loose ends, and relentless cheeriness."


Untold Tales: This book reveals a number of untold stories that occurred beforehand which had never before been mentioned.

Hunting Witches: On page 257, Ozma says "It's been a long time since we hunted witches together.  I rather like it."  The odd characterization of Ozma is told in the upcoming The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz.  There was no story told of Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard hunting witches.  And it's clear from this story that they weren't very successful.

Trickolas Om: There is an untold tale of this character, as the text of page 240 says "Next to Old Mombi, Trickolas Om had once been their greatest menace, disturbing the peace and quiet of the nation by transforming innocent people into lost keys and door-knobs, for he knew a few low tricks and was a practical joker as well."  All that is known of his actions from before is that he transformed Little Sister and her brothers Tom, Dick and Harry into doorknobs (with him likely turning them first into Gabooches).  Trickolas Om appears again in Harry Mongold's Button-Bright of Oz, but this appears to take place after this story.

Winkie Rivers: An untold story exists of the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman being harassed by what they call "mischievous rivers" who brought down witches from the mountains and Jinkyinks who regularly harassed and threw them into the rivers.  So bad did this problem get that they had the Wizard roll up the river nearest them, as well as several others, and limit the distance and connectivity of the other rivers in the land, presumably to prevent what had been occurring.  There is a possibility that the water elemental Tickly Bender is one of these Jinkijinks. Given that the rivers are sapient in Neill's conception [217] during the time-period he's covering, this must have happened within the span of two or three years prior to this story.  This is further evidenced by the fact that the river beds are still dried up and there's no evidence of new growth or construction over them, except for the Wise Acres Country Club.  When they release the rivers again, they merely resume their former pathways along the river beds.  J.L. Bell notes a connection to one of the Little Wizard of Oz stories: "Neill has the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman tell of their difficulties with rivers [202]. This seems to echo the LITTLE WIZARD STORY about them, in which they try to go fishing and end up in various sorts of trouble. In that tale the tin man sinks straight to the bottom of a river while the Scarecrow can't dive at all--but it's not so funny when he loses an eye."  That much earlier event lacks the witches that pull them into the rivers, though it may have started their concern about bodies of water.

Witches and Wizards of the Winkie River: As with the Winkie Rivers and Trickolas Om (see the notes above), there is an untold story here, as the Scarecrow says "We, too, had difficulties with the outlaws.  Now we know where they are so we avoid their wild haunts." The picture of page 184/5 shows about 50 witches and sorcerers, while the one on page 188 depicts 13 creatures spying on Davy.  Located in the Dangerous Passage on the International Wizard of Oz Club map in the northwestern corner of Oz, the map fails to indicate the mountains [186, 217] and forest that surround the area.  This region is visited in the upcoming The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz.

Volcano Island: An island made of dough in the Nonentic Ocean, where bakers fend off pirates who seek after their baked goods.  This is a very similar situation to what Thompson describes in her illustrated booklet The Prince of the Gelatin Isles, which she wrote for the Royal Baking Company in 1923, and may represent a neighboring locality.


Zerons: Snowmen also appear in the town of Icetown in the Winkie Country of Oz, in The Hidden Valley of Oz.  Whether they are related to the Zerons or not is unknown.




The Mysterious Pool of Oz

Available online at the link above


Story: While Dorothy, Betsy and Trot look into Glinda's Great Book of Records, they're struck by the birth of King Cheeriobed and Queen Orin's second son, and ponder the fact that they'll likely never be mothers. 


The friendly Nome Humperdink catches them in this mood, and inquires what the matter is.  They explain that they're just feeling somewhat strange that they'll never be adults.  Humperdink tells them he's the guardian of one of Glinda's most prized treasures, the Pool of Neverwas, and he leads them down a long stairway into the caverns beneath her palace where the Pool lies.  He invites them to look into it, and they see Dorothy--now an adult, and a teacher--helping out two young and malnourished children.  Dorothy and her friends are shocked to see how the outside world has become, and how awful the Great Depression is.  The Nome explains that the pool shows what might have been, and that the Dorothy that had not come to Oz turned out a hero either way. 


Later on, when the girls reveal to Glinda what they saw, Dorothy inquires about the two children, and asks if they could be brought to Oz.  Glinda grants her request, and as the children settle in the palace, Dorothy, Trot and Betsy have a turn at mothering them. 

Continuity notes:

Dating: Set some time during the Great Depression (after 1934 when that turn came in use) before 1939.  Dorothy, Betsy and Trot likely help take care of the orphans until they're a little older.


King Orin and Queen Cheeriobed: As of the dating of this story, the king and queen of the Ozure Isles (from The Giant Horse of Oz) in the north Munchkin Country have given birth to a second son.


Glinda's Palace: The subterranean sections under Glinda's palace were also described in The Ork in Oz.








Red Reera the Yookoohoo and the Enchanted Easter Eggs of Oz


Story: When Prince Glenn sets off from Portmore, in the Gillikin Country, to find a bride with the help of his pet raven Edgar Allen Po, the two meet Kabumpo in the forest.  As the Elegant Elephant determines they'll never meet a proper princess there, he agrees to help Glenn and takes them to the house of Red Reera the Yookoohoo.  But what meets them is an angry green monkey.


Since twenty-two years ago, Reera has been longing to have a child, and has determined that she can't use her magical powers to bring one about, and doesn't want to be pregnant for nine months.  Thirteen years later, she nabs the egg of the Easter Bunny, whose placed its eggs near to her hut for the children to find.  Putting a mouse in the transformed shape of a hen to fertilize and hatch the egg, she soon discovers that the egg hatches into a baby mouse.  Thus, she determines that the way she'll have her baby is by nabbing another Easter Egg.  But the Easter Bunny's eggs go missing, and for the next nine years the Easter Bunny does not return to Oz.


Glenn tells an annoyed Reera that his vizier had told him that in order to find a bride he must first restore the lost eggs to the Easter Bunny, and Kabumpo figures that she could help them.  Reera changes back into her human female form and tells them that she'd be interested in helping them (keeping secret the fact that she wants one of the eggs for herself).  Refusing to go to Ozma for help, she determines that they must sneak a look into Glinda's Book of Records to find out who stole them.


Two days later, with herself transformed into a parakeet, Kabumpo as a squirrel, they ride along with Glenn upon a white steed named Bone, who Reera had transformed from an ant long ago.  Reading about a Marlon Von Epstein in the book, they look him up in Glinda's phone director and after Reera transforms all but Po into birds, they fly to his island in the Nonestic.


After resting there a day, they climb up to a large mansion.  Determining that Von Epstein has no defenses and will thus prove no challenge in retrieving the eggs, Kabumpo returns to the shore along with Po and Bone.  With Po on his back, Kabumpo decides to swim back, but they're swallowed by a large mechanical whale captained by Captain Christopher Blarthystone, whose transporting a gift of saltwater taffy from Queen Aquarine to King Rinkintink as a gift for his wedding, they party of which has been going on for months.  Deciding to go along for the ride, they send word back that they'll return in two days.


Reera and Glenn, meanwhile, battle magic with a wizard in the employ of Marlon, whose deemed himself the wealthiest man on earth.  Glenn convinces the wizard, however, that he doesn't need money or to work for Marlon, and after thinking about it, the wizard agrees and departs in a puff.  Marlon faints and Glenn and Reera retrieve the three remaining enchanted eggs, a gold one, a crystal one and a pink one.  But as Reera has fallen in love with Glenn, she no longer cares to steal one to produce a baby.  With Marlon locked away, they sleep the night in his castle and await the mechanical whale and their companions.


The group travel together aboard the whale to Rinkitink where Reera presents the Easter Bunny with his lost eggs.  Hearing the story of Marlon, Trot and Polychrome agree to tell Ozma of his misdeeds and assure them that all of his stolen items will be returned to their proper homes.  King Rinkitink and his new bride approach Reera and Glenn and offer them the opportunity to marry.  The pair agree and the festivities continue.


Continuity notes:


Chapter Order: The story is told somewhat out of order.  The correct sequence is:

Chapter 2

Chapter 1

Chapter 3-7


Chapter 8


Dating: The narrative gives the story an explicit date of 1992.  Chapter 2 is a flashback that takes place from 1970 to 1983.  All of these dates have to placed much earlier in the timeline due to the events of The Yookoohoos of Oz, in which Reera has a child with Ervic the Skeezer (from Glinda in Oz) in 1940.  This means that the flashback sequence actually occurs from 1918 to 1931.  And the main story takes place, thirty years earlier in 1940.  While the Royal Timeline of Oz doesn't generally like to change explicit internal dates, in this case it's necessary to keep both stories on the timeline.


Glenn of Portmore: Glenn sets out to find a wife on the orders of his parents and royal vizier, who predicts that by finding the Easter Bunny's lost eggs, he'll find a suitable wife.  According to this story, this comes to pass in Reera the Red, who falls in love with him and is interested in having a child.  However, by the time of The Yookoohoos of Oz, she is no longer married to Glenn, and it can be assumed that he was unable to get her pregnant, which may be why they split.  For the royal vizier's prophecy to be fulfilled, however, this must mean that he met someone else (possibly at the wedding), which he then married after annulling his marriage to Reera.


Green Monkey: There is a seeming continuity error in the narrative, in which Reera appears to Kabumpo, Glenn and Po as a green monkey.  This specific form was revealed in The Tin Woodman of Oz to be the only one that's a permanent form, and one that Reera's sister Moyna Yoop got stuck in when she transformed Woot into it, and Ozma switched it back to her.  The easiest fix for this (as offered by the illustrator), is that Reera's not actually taken the form of a green monkey, but a green lemur or a chartreuse monkey, perhaps in mockery of her sister.


Red Reera the Yookoohoo: Reera the Red gets married to Prince Glenn of Portmore.  This is an unusual pairing for a Yookoohoo, but it has to do in part with her desire to have a child.  Though not mentioned in this story, in The Yookoohoos of Oz, it's revealed that she left Glenn, after which she got together with the Skeezer Ervic (who she first met in Glinda in Oz) and had a child by him.  It can be assumed that Glenn was unable to get her pregnant and give her the child she so longed for.


King Rinkitink: The jovial king of Rinkitink in Oz gets married to his childhood sweetheart.  Because of the necessary change in date, the 1992 year has to be seen as incorrect, with the actual year of King Rinkitink's wedding taking place in early 1940.  Their reception lasts months and is extended by the wedding of Reera and Glenn.








The Runaway in Oz


48th book of the Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five


History: John R. Neill's final Oz story, unpublished in his lifetime (Neill died prior to illustrating it), finally saw print with new illustrations by Eric Shanower (ranking him Royal Illustrator of Oz), who also edited the manuscript.  There are some differences with "A Runaway in Oz," a formerly unpublished manuscript edited by Fred Meyer and Robert Pattrick.


Story: After Jellia Jamb scolds Scraps the Patchwork Girl for scuffing the floor, and the Tin Woodman scolds Scraps for scuffing his polish, and Evangeline the Dragonette scolds her for knocking off her scales, Scraps angrily heads to Jenny Jump's Style Shop to fix the rent in her dress which she got from crashing into Evangeline.  But when Jenny Jump—already late for the banquet in honor of the arrival of ten of the most important monarchs of the Gillikin Country—turns her down (explaining that it would take hours of stitching), Scraps decides to run away.


Riding into the Munchkin Country on her spoolicle, a kind of bicycle designed by Jack Pumpkinhead, she stops off at Jinjur's farm, asking if she can stay.  Jinjur's horse Jennifer has doubts about her, but Jinjur agrees to let her stay if she'll do work on the farm.  Scraps attempts to plow a cabbage patch, to little success, and when Jinjur marches in followed by a regimen of extra large blue squashes, to inform her that plowing will continue for three weeks, Scraps runs away again, this time wondering if she should leave Oz altogether to explore the countries beyond.  She turns down a path marked Lazy Lane, where she soon plunges into a pothole, tearing her dress further and breaking the spoolicle. 


Near half a mile away, she comes to a house with a sign promising to fix anything.  Entering, she finds a little old man with a lengthy beard.  With a magic feather duster, the Repairman repairs the spoolicle and Scraps.  When she asks how to get out of Oz, he acknowledges that he's only a "Repairer of Broken Things," but advises her to seek out the Weather Witch in the southeastern corner of Oz on top of the highest, steepest mountain in Oz.  Her windmill blows weather to wherever it's needed in the world and can certainly blow Scraps out of Oz. 


From there she follows Lazy Lane to a sign pointing the way to the Wogglebug's Royal Athletic College, which she follows, hoping someone there will point her towards the Weather Witch's mountain.  She soon crashes into a game of marbles, which the students are playing with the Professor's Education Pills.  Scraps plays and meets the young winner of the game, a twelve-year old boy named Alexample, who admits that marbles is the only sport he likes or is good at, and that he'd rather read books than take pills, but the college is the only place he knows of to get a higher education.  Just then, Professor Wogglebug's castle in the air comes into view, and Alexample explains how the Wogglebug had been taking extra naps to dream it up for his vacation.  He intends to spend a week afloat in his castle.  Scraps invites Alexample to come along with her to see Fanny and become a runaway with her.  He agrees and they go off in the spoolicle, but when it hits a root, the two are pitched off.  Alexample is thrown to the rope mooring the castle, which becomes unwound, and he goes floating off with the castle, much to the anger of the Wogglebug who blames Scraps.


Scraps then speeds off to her destination, the mountain of the Weather Witch.  As she rides up the mountain, however, the winds prove daunting, knocking her off the spoolicle.  Persevering, she makes it to High Faluting City, where she is greeted by the guard, who like the people living there, are flat like cardboard.  When the winds grow fierce, their houses fold down like accordions.  A local woman, Flatima, explains that they're painlessly pressed flat every week so that they don't blow off the mountain.  Scraps sees the benefit of that when she tries and fails to go further up the mountain.  Flatima takes her to the Press Room, where Scraps is flattened.


The next day, Scraps rides her spoolicle up the mountain and flattens herself any time a strong wind blows.  During one such instance, she meets a small straight bush with the face of a beautiful woman.  The bush introduces herself as Popla the Power Plant, the strongest and most energetic plant in the world.  She desperately wishes to depart the lonely mountain ledge.  Scraps agrees to take her along on her runaway adventure, but in order for her to move she needs a flower pot, so Scraps rides back down to secure one from High Faluting.  Then, together on the bike, after agreeing not to speak in rhymes, they travel up to the top of the mountain.  Once there, they're unable to slow down, and crash into Fanny's windmill home, knocking over the china in the room.  A muscular woman in overalls, who turns out to be Fanny, grabs Scraps.  Popla introduces herself as the most powerful plant in the world, and Fanny challenges her to a wrestling match!  Popla literally sweeps her off her feet, and Fanny bursts out laughing, glad for the challenge.  She welcomes them and gives them a tour of the windmill and the machinery and bellows she uses to make the weather of the world.  Unlike most windmills, she makes wind with the mill, and if ever she makes a mistake, she sends a cloud pusher or sky sweeper to tackle it.  Fanny agrees to send them over and tells them when to jump out the window so that they don't hit the windmill arms and the wind will carry them across the Deadly Desert.  But Popla waits a second too long and falls upon the windmill arm, breaking it, and swinging up into the sky.


The Wogglebug, meanwhile, angry at Scraps for the loss of his dream castle, heads to the Emerald City to report her to the Wizard.  When he encounters Jinjur and her vegetable army, he complains to her that Scraps has ruined the first vacation he's had in nearly forty years.  Moving on, he later encounters Jack Pumpkinhead and Jenny Jump, who explain that the Wizard is off with Number Nine "traveling the remotest corners of Oz ridding the country of dumb little kings and their kingdumbs."  Ozma has escorted the ten Gillikin monarchs to each of their monarchies.  Jack is upset over the loss of Scraps, so Jenny and he go off in search of her, Jack with his sack of singing shoes to lure Scraps, and Jenny with her malfunctioning suitcase containing her fairy powers.  The Wogglebug accompanies them past his college, deep into the Munchkin country.  When Jenny goes to retrieve her fairy gifts, so as to better locate Scraps, her bag fails to produce them, and although her spyglass spots Scraps in the far distance, they're forced to continue searching without magic. 


They soon come upon a forest of mirrors, where even the pathway is mirrored.  They encounter a bubble-shaped glass house, glass cow and glass man, stirring a cauldron.  Broken glass lies everywhere.  The glass man tells them that he saw them coming, and intends to melt them down and make glass of them so that he can repair himself.  Enchanted by the mirror, Jenny fails to respond and is made invisible.  Incensed, Jack advances upon the glass man, who falls and shatters, breaking every mirror in the forest, as well as the glass cow and glass house.  Jenny reappears and they depart the mirror forest.


Scraps and Popla, meanwhile, land on a small friendly cloud, only to discover that Fanny is after them and has sent her cloud-pushers to retrieve them.  A thundercloud proves too much for the little cloud who lets them off on a star and flees.  Coming out from the star's interior is Captain Battery-Bat, a manlike being made up of tightly coiled wires and lightbulbs for eyes, who tries to shock them with his electrifying hands if they won't serve him.  Scraps punches him in his push-button nose, causing him to temporarily shut off.  The Twinkler then appears, an older human man whose been polishing up the star as a slave for Captain Batt for so many years he's forgotten his name and past life.  Gladly, he agrees to join them and become a runaway too.  But then Fanny catches up with them!  Popla takes the controls and flies off, pressing "shoot," which shoots the star into the sky.  But then they crash into an unknown celestial object.


Jack, Jenny and the Wogglebug, meanwhile search the Munchkin Country as a rainstorm erupts, causing Jack to lose his head as stormcloud shoots lightning at a star, which flies off.  In the morning, the Wogglebug agrees to search for one more day as Jenny leads around a headless Jack.  The Wogglebug and Jenny climb a poetree, inside which lives a poet with thousands of verses, many of which grow on the tree as leaves.  Unable to get help from him they depart.


As it was the Wogglebug's dream castle they'd crashed into, Scraps introduces Popla and the Twinkler to Alexample.  Popla falls in the love with the gardens while the young boy gives the others a tour of the magnificent castle, after which they decide they'd all like to live there forever.  Alexample shows the Twinkler to the pantry while Popla plants her roots in the soil.  That afternoon they meet sky fairies and air sprites, as well as cloud sheep, cloud pushers and sky sweepers.  Even the friendly cloud stops by for a chat.  They also encounter the Rainbow briefly.  But then a dangerous cloud ship with air pirates onboard attack!  Popla extends her branches, grabbing pirates on the ship and tossing them about.  Alexample uses his slingshot to shoot education pills at the pirates' heads.  Soon enough they retreat and the Twinkler prepares for them a delicious repast.


Three days later, lost in a giant orchard, Jenny Jump, the Wogglebug and body of Jack Pumpkinhead give up the search for Scraps.  They come upon a friendly bandbox that plays music, and warns them that the quinces are coming.  The reason they can't depart the enchanted forest is because some months ago angry farmers closed it to prevent the rebelling quinces from leaving.  That night, the shoes and bandbox play music, but in the morning they find themselves surrounded by quinces, who poke and prod them with their sharp thorns.  The Imperial Quince and Quincess address the Wogglebug, who offends them, so they prepare the conse-quinces and attack the party.  But in the sky above, the dream castle, now a week old, begins to disintegrate around Scraps, Alexample, Popla and the Twinkler, who scramble around frightened and unsure of what to do.


Meanwhile, frustrated that she's been unable to retrieve her fairy gifts from her suitcase, Jenny determines to find them, and begins emptying it of all its contents, but all that come out are rubber boots, which soon form a giant pile around her.  Upon them fall the former residents of the melted dream castle, crushing the king quince.  The quincess calls for vengeance upon Scraps, and the conse-quinces pursue her on her spoolicle.  Finally, they trap her and pelt her with black balls of soot that they dislodge from their heads, after which they fall over dead. 


Undaunted by the fact that Scraps is blackened from head to foot, the Wogglebug chases her, only to be thwarted by Popla who protects her.  The families of the enchanted orchard then emerge to celebrate the defeat of the quinces, but Scraps cannot be consoled due the loss of her color, nor the Wogglebug at the loss of his dream castle.  But Jenny happily finds her fairy gifts, and flies off to find a pumpkin for Jack.  As the Twinkler joins in the preparation of a feast, Jenny finds a carver who carves a happy face, and Jack is restored.  Scraps, however, refuses to return to the Emerald City and dons a white sheet so that no one can see her.  Popla carries her, Alexample, the Wogglebug, Jenny and Jack aboard the spoolicle so that Ozma or the Wizard can restore her.  The Twinkler chooses to stay behind to make his new life in the orchard as a chef. 


Scraps insists on entering the Emerald City on her own, and vacillates between continuing on as a runaway, or reuniting with Ozma and Popla, who she made go on ahead of her with the promise of coming along shortly.  In the end, she chooses to return.  On her way into the palace, the Soldier with the Green Whiskers and an old dragon run off in terror, thinking a ghost is walking in their midst.  In the throne room, Ozma restores Scraps' original colors and offers Popla a permanent home in the palace.  Scraps then determines that she will not be parted from Popla, and won't run away again, until the mood strikes her to!


Continuity notes:

Alexample: A twelve year old boy and rare example of a student at the Wogglebug's Royal College of Athletic Arts who cares more for an education than for sports.  He also holds to a contradictory view of education than the Wogglebug, whose college he attends because he knows of no other.  Whereas the Wogglebug finds knowledge easier to swallow than to acquire it "laboriously from books," [The Emerald City of Oz; chapter 9] on page 157 of The Runaway in Oz, Alexample states that the dream castle's library renders "any pill obsolete."  This may account for the antipathy these characters portray in the story, and the idea that Alexample perhaps better deserved a vacation dream castle than the Wogglebug.  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Ruth Berman notes that "Alexemple is a book-lover and really enjoys reading, so digesting facts in a more literal way isn't as much fun for him. Baum was thinking of the College as a place to dump twerps who aren't good for any real work, but both RPT and Neill seem to have thought of the College as maybe genuinely a place where people want to find things out. Another change Neill made was in making the College co-educational."


Bandbox: A small musical box that lives in the Enchanted Orchard in the Munchkin Country.  Not unlike Victor Columbia Edison, he was abandoned by his owner who didn't like the music he played.  The bandbox plays a centuries old traditional Scottish pipe tune called "The Campbells are Coming."  How the bandbox and the Wogglebug know the song is unclear, though there appears to be a Celtic influx of people in Oz in olden days, as judged by places and people like Gilkenny, which may be the origins of the Gillikin name.  The farmer who the bandbox formerly lived with may have been of Scottish descent.


Battery Batt: Aka. Captain Current in the Fred Meyer/Robert Pattrick version.  There is speculation that he is a creation of Smith & Tinker.


Dating: Story takes place over the course of seven days.  It can be dated by what the Wogglebug says in terms of not having had a vacation in nearly two score years, which is the equivalent of forty years.  The Wogglebug first became a working individual in 1901 after he was magnified.  The reader, of course, doesn't know if the Wogglebug is rounding the number or exaggerating for dramatic effect.  It's safe to say, however, that the Wogglebug probably isn't far off in his estimation, and the fact that he says "nearly two score years" [101] indicates a more precise reckoning.  In other words, he's saying 39 years.  His idea of a vacation is also clearly indicated to mean laying about his dream castle, reading.  So, the various adventures he's had over the course of 39 years do not, in his mind, count as a proper vacation.


Editorial Emendations: On's "Oz Reread" series, editor/illustrator Eric Shanower explained to reviewer Mari Ness how he turned The Runaway in Oz into a publishable book, and why it works much better than the three books Neill wrote for Reilly & Lee:

1. Take out whatever made no sense.
2. Write bridging material to join the parts that made sense.
3. Fit back in around the edges--in ways that made sense--as much as I could of what I'd taken out.
4. Make sure it was more or less consistent with the established Oz series.
5. Make sure it was a readable, reasonably enjoyable book.

I frequently embellished what was already there, but I inserted no new major characters or events, except for one expansion and one addition. I expanded Jenny Jump's role in order to try to correct as much of the damage that the Reilly & Lee editor had done to Jenny in the published Wonder City of Oz and to restore her, as far as was reasonable, to Neill's original conception of Jenny in his Wonder City manuscript. And the addition I made was Jenny's suitcase, because she just wouldn't be Jenny Jump without a ready change of clothes--and I needed something for the group to land on after falling from the Castle in the Air--Neill's manuscript just had them fall all that way without any explanation of how they remained uninjured when they hit the ground.

Fanny the Weather Witch: Perhaps not a true witch, Fanny uses what appears to be magical machinery, a windmill that grinds out wind and storms.  Fanny is said to be responsible for the weather of the world, and countries outside of fairyland, such as Ulan Bator (the capital of Mongolia), the Andes, Halifax, the South Pacific, and Tashkent (the capital of Uzbekistan) are named, though this seems suspect.  She also mentions places in Fairyland, such as the Forest of Burzee.  But there is a question as to how Fanny is responsible for even just the weather in Oz, as there is the entity known as the Rain King, though perhaps she works alongside him.  On the BCF Pumperdink forums, Ruth Berman notes that it's: "Maybe some kind of cooperative arrangement? Fanny's mill produces wind, and she's described as having valves for snow and hail, but it doesn't actually say she produces rain. (She mentions being able to get help from cloud-pushers and sky-sweepers if needed to correct storms or lightning, but she doesn't actually claim that storms or lightning are her work.)"


The Glass Man: This unusual being of glass appears to have been a kind of magician, or at the very least a magical being, as his mirrored realm was somehow directly connected to him.  When he broke, so too did the mirrored pathway, mirrors, glass cow and glass house, all of which he appears to have been fashioned from his cauldron.  His nature was clearly wicked since he intended to melt down the Wogglebug, Jack Pumpkinhead and Jenny Jump (people he hoped would be of "the correct consistency") so that he could make glass out of them and repair the damage to his body.  The mirrors in his domain seemed to have a hypnotizing effect, and he was able to use them to turn Jenny invisible.  Where he came from is yet unknown, though there is a possibility he was originally hails from Silica (from The Hidden Prince of Oz).


High Faluting City: While the residents appear to be human, canine and feline, the fact that they are flattened out every week, without harm to themselves, appears to indicate that they're something besides human, canine and feline.


Jenny Jump: Pages 104 and 109 were written in accordance with the published version of The Wonder City of Oz, in which an anonymous editor changed Neill's manuscript to have the Wizard magically lobotomize Jenny and de-age her.  In the original, the latter happens gradually over time and the former never happens.  Shanower's edited version of The Runaway in Oz reconciles that version by indicating that the Wizard restored her bad temper (see "Editorial Emendations").  However, in the event that the original version of The Wonder City of Oz is ever published, the statements on these two pages will likely fail to harmonize with the newly restored original version. 


Kingdoms of Oz: Page 103 indicates that the Wizard is off with Number Nine "traveling the remotest corners of Oz ridding the country of dumb little kings and their kingdumbs."  The latter pun aside, this appears to be an indication that Ozma is finally doing something about some of the violent kingdoms we've read about over the years.  How exactly the Wizard is "ridding the country" of them we don't know.  Ozma would certainly oppose any violent solutions, so it may be possible that the Wizard, armed with his magic bag and assistant, are simply going around deposing these "dumb" minor kings of their power and ability to cause harm.  In either case, it goes some ways towards explaining why some of these kingdoms are not present in later stories.  Ozma is, interestingly, on a similar, though far more diplomatic mission, inspecting the ten monarchies in the north (See "Ten Important Gillikin Monarchs") [104].  That the author uses the word "inspect" indicates that she is likely making some changes to their way of governing, including the final eradication of a money-based economy (as noted in the Thompson books) in some of these kingdoms, as well as a reiteration of her nonviolent policies. 


Popla: A sapient bush with a beautiful woman's face; her name reflects both the poplar tree that she no doubt resembles and the power plant, a pun on her tremendous strength.  How she came to grow on the side of the Weather Witch's Mountain is not known.  Like the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman, she and Scraps form an intense bond of friendship.


Sapient and Sentient Vegetables: The irate quinces of the Orchard Lands and Jinjur's marching squashes [29] are examples of sapient and sentient vegetables.  Jinjur's squashes don't appear to be actually living, but merely enchanted in such a way as to enable their easy transport.  The quinces, on the other hand, have personalities and even a king and queen, the former of whom is squashed (another pun), presumably destroying him. 


Ten Important Gillikin Monarchs: The grand banquet for the ten most important monarchs of the Gillikin country might include: 1) Joe King (and Queen Hyacinth), who rule the entire quadrant, 2) King Kinda Jolly (and his wife) from Kimbaloo, 3) Gugu from the Forest of Gugu, 4) King Pompus and Queen Pozy of Pumperdink, 5) King Gil of Gilkenny, 6) Princess Gayelette, 7) King Randy of Regalia, 8) Lady Aurex of the Skeezers, 9) the Three Adepts of the Flathead Mountain, and 10) Nifflepok of the Silver Mountain.  Other possibilities include: the King of the Winged Monkeys, the King of Kiltoon and the King of Portmore (Red Reera the Yookoohoo and the Enchanted Easter Eggs of Oz).  Nathan DeHoff also considers the possibility of the following: King Bal Loon, the Great Dragon from The Tin Woodman of Oz, the Ruler of Rith Metic, King Cheer of the Illumi Nation, the King of the Soup Sea, Kinda Jolly, Rollo the Worst, the Queen of Catty Corners, Vanetta (Vanette?) of Blankenburg, Queen Torpedora, King Kumup, Delva, Nandywog, Ozwoz (sort of), Tip-Topper, Nifflepok and Sleeperoo.


Wogglebug's Dream Castle: It is unclear how the Wogglebug dreamt up a physical item, let alone something as grand as a floating castle.  It's also curious that it disintegrates after a week.  On the Pumperdink forum, Ruth Berman wonders if "Perhaps it was an experiment in dream-casting that hadn't been tried before?  I wonder if we could assume that he got help in the building from the Kingdom of Dreams on the Oz map that never wound up getting used in an Oz book."










Button Bright of Oz


Story: The Scarecrow arrives to inform Ozma that an apple tree that Button Bright had showed him three days earlier has grown as tall as the palace.  Ozma concludes that it must be a magic tree, but Dorothy doesn't trust its balance.  The Scarecrow would like it for his farm, but the Wizard and Ozma think it will cause harm.  No attempt to cut it down succeeds, so the Wizard tries magic, but even that fails in its deed. 


Afterwards, they go to the Magic Picture to find Button Bright, whose lost again, a puzzle since the Guardian of the Gates was to report if he ever left the city.  The Wizard decides to give his assistant Number Nine the job of locating Button Bright every morning.  In the Picture, they spot him with a thin stick-like man of steel and someone with spectacles.  Big-headed people nearby roll hoops in some kind of game.  Wearing red, the group conclude he's in the Quadling Country.  Convinced Button Bright's fine, they turn back to the matter of the tree.  The Wizard's Technical Dictionary tells him that they need to retrieve special Copper Dust from the Everblue Tree Grove.  Meanwhile, the Wizard tries some of his Inhibiting Elixir, which appears to stop the tree's growth for the time being.  Ozma, Dorothy, the Wizard and Scarecrow set out for the Special Copper Dust (meanwhile Scraps heads out with the Hungry Tiger to visit Jo King and Queen Hyacinth).


Three days earlier, Button Bright, riding his Over-cycle through the city, bumped into a homely merchant peddling candy from his shop. Unbeknownst to him, it is the magician Trickolas Om (first mentioned in Lucky Bucky in Oz).  He convinces the boy to retrieve a two-handled mirror made of platinum that will bring him goodies to eat and drink.  Button Bright asks him why he doesn't retrieve it himself, but Om admits that the passageway is too narrow for anyone his size to get through.  Button Bright likes the idea of tricking the Guardian of the Gates, who he knows has been watching him, and accepts a banana that Om gives him which will turn him invisible.  Walking south and climbing a hill, he soon chases an animal and finds himself in a strange foggy forest. 


He spots a house, wherein live three lean men, who spend their days pouring over a scroll and plotting to conquer the world.  Purple Smudge, Brown Smoulder and Yellow Smoke proceed to share their plans with him until they're interrupted by their cook, an immense woman with a black patch over her eye, who feeds the hungry boy and gives him a bed.  He's awakened the next morning by the blasting of a horn.  The three men inform him that the cook is also the Mistress of the Forest, and must blow a mist each morning with her fog horn.  She returns to feed him, but her patch is on the other eye, which she explains is to protect it.  She can't take the light, which is why she blows a fog each morning, so that the light from the sun doesn't blind her.  She laughs at the notion that the three men would be able to conquer anything and instructs Button Bright to find the Mystic Compass in the yard which points to the Emerald City.  The boy soon discovers, however, that her fog also makes it difficult to get out of the forest, despite the direction the compass points to, and he ends up walking in a circle. 


Button Bright meets a forlorn-looking man with wrinkled clothes and old-fashioned square spectacles whose also been lost in the fog.  His name is Packer, called so because he always carries packs with him, and he informs the boy that the forest turns around in a slow spin like a merry-go-round.  Packer is a worrier and a collector of ivory.  Hearing what sounds like a frog, they discover a structure that houses a fog pump.  The fog horn of the mistress magically causes it to start pumping fog.  Button Bright determines to destroy it, which they do, helping to diminish the fog, but they soon discover that either it's been repaired or there are a dozen or so wells that pump fog in the forest.


Elsewhere, next to the Foggy Forest, grows a unique giant tree with thirty-seven branches.  On each is thirty-seven pods, which every thirty-seven years bursts open.  Out pops a Needlepin (for it is a Needlepin tree), a large sapient needle-person.  That day, the pod burst and alongside their king Whist, the Needlepin people awaited the birth of the prince, who they'd named Plop.  Out shot the new Needlepin, but instead of landing on the Cushion Plant, it sailed into the mysterious Foggy Forest on the other side of the village.  Their Chief Adviser Sharpy tells them to begin the process of preparing a long journey to find him.  Plop, meanwhile, finds himself on the side of a wooden castle door.  It begins pounding from the other side.  Wiggling he soon falls out before a stocky woman picks him up, addressing herself as the owner of Mutton Mountain and the one that got him out of the wall.  She tells him that he is Plop, of the royal branch of the Needlepins, son of the king, sent to her to serve her for a year.  She was once a giantess who was wickedly enchanted to a smaller size.  She will be his manager and he will cook and keep the castle clean.  Plop is content enough with this arrangement, and follows her instructions for each task.


Button Bright and Packer, meanwhile, cross a brook at the center of the Foggy Forest.  In time, they reach the castle where Plop has begun serving his formerly giant manager.  Plop answers the door and invites them in.  He tells them what he knows of his mistress, explaining that she is currently searching for a certain vine on the mountain that will enable her to regain her former stature.  She soon arrives and introducing herserlf as Lazzel, invites them to spend the night.  She has Plop escort them to their room.  After some hours, they see yellow eyes looking at them.  It reveals itself to be a raven, grown to giant size, who tells them that they're prisoners, and he'll help them escape.  He'd witnessed the day Lazzel was shrunk by someone riding a black stork who threw a powder at her.  In the dawn before sunrise, the raven awakens them.  He can only carry one of them at a time, but gets them outside the castle.  The Raven comes up with a plan.  As he knows where the white vine is that Lazzel is looking for, he'll trade her for a wooden chest in her kitchen.  There, the boys will hide.  To ensure she keeps her word, he'll claim to lead her to mutton, which she loves to eat.  There are hardly any left on Mutton Mountain, however.


In the castle, they explain their plan to Plop, who concludes that he should escape as well.  The Raven tells him he must spring into the air after them when they leave.  When she arrives,Button Bright and Packer hide,  and the Raven greets her and tells her he's found the white vine, which he'll give her in exchange for the chest.  She agrees and he takes her to the vine, but he doesn't allow her to touch it until she assures him that if she keeps her side of the bargain.  At that point, he'll show her to a herd of sheep.  She agrees, and seizes the vine, growing larger and larger.  Returning to her castle, she picks up the chest in which Button Bright and Packer are hiding.  With their departure, Plop springs into the air and lands in the soil; then picking himself up, he continues this pattern, following the giantess out of the Foggy Forest.  She puts the chest down as the Raven leads her away on the false premise of leading her to sheep, allowing the stowaways to escape.


Earlier, Trickolas Om had ordered Stacya black stork who he forced to serve him by means of a magic ring around his neckto fly him into the air to find Button Bright, but it proves to no avail.  Trickolas orders him to get a hummingbird web so that he can make his Tomorrow Brew and discover where Button Bright is.  The bird puzzles at his obsession with Button Bright, but Trickolas explains that he has the right Zigrashen Vibrations to his heartbeat to allow the key to work on the door he has to open.  The stork asks why he needs the mirror, and he explains that it can build invisible walls to wall people up, and with it he intends to conquer Oz.  After mixing his potion, he inquires from his magic brew where Button Bright is, and learns his whereabouts.  Trickolas then puts together another magical gadget, which sends out a magical candy twist, which steer Button Bright in the right direction to obtain the mirror.  Soon, the tree Trickolas planted near the Palace will be large enough to grow the Boogey berries, which he'll unleash on Ozma and the Emerald City!


South of the Foggy Forest, they encounter short men with thin bodies and large heads.  The Fatheads shake their rattles and take them to the Hill of Many Steps.  For trespassing on their land, the Fatheads force their kidnapped party to pass a trial.  First they must drink from a pail, which they do.  Then they must keep off flies, which they do.  The Fatheads are amazed at their intelligence.  They ask why a stump is there, which Packer correctly answers.  They ask where the parents of baby birds are, which Button Bright correctly answers.  They next ask Plop a question, but he correctly answer them, angering the Chieftain, who challenges them to a race.  Plop beats them all, astounding the Chieftain, and accepting the three as visitors free to join their games.  Only they must be sure to lose the games and not anger them.  But when no one wins, the Chieftain tells them to open a circular wooden trapdoor and slide away from them. 


The candy twist conjured up by Trickolas Om soon arrives and after announcing itself as a Hypno-Twist, hypnotizes the companions to travel to Mushroom Butte to retrieve for him the magical item he wants.    Each desiring to reach the location, they head towards the top of a long ridge.  A sign warns them not to annoy the haughty people of Mushroom Butte.  En route they meet the Cloudhopper Clyde, a creature with a great body, long furry neck and white furry head.  Clyde has eaten all the haughty people that once lived there (but they continue to argue inside him).  After assurances that he doesn't eat un-haughty people, they hitch a ride with him to the city they seek.  Clyde says he'll sleep until they're ready to depart.  Button Bright begins to poke around inside a large house, and there discovers Trickolas Om, who magically appears, frightening Packer, who throws a pan at him and flies out the window.  Trickolas warns him that any time he strays away from his task of retrieving the mirror from the Garden of Roots, his hands will turn purple and everything they touch will turn to sticky tar.  He then gives him a key and instructs him to follow the room down into an old abandoned mine.


A sign indicates that the mine was closed by order of King Mortar the Firth to preserve the commonwealth, and Button Bright must climb the brick wall erected to prevent entrance.  On the other side is a bare room with a square hole in the floor.  As per the instructions he'd been given, he calls out for assistance, and up comes Pokey humming a tune.  His head is shaped like a ball and painted with a face.  He has a wooden peg for a neck and a round wooden body painted yellow.  He serves as the elevator, carrying passengers up and down by stretching.  He tells Button Bright that most avoid the Garden because of the roars, but he says that only the Minesweeper is down there, and that's him, but he's never been in the Garden of Roots.  A special crystal lights up the passage as they descend like a telescope.  With brushes for feet, Pokey is also the means by which the mine is kept clean. 


Knocking on the door at the end of the tunnel, Button Bright hears a roar.  He enters a narrow tunnel.  Crawling through, he emerges into a large cavern lit by a giant electric light.  Small houses of blue clay and brick stand in curving rows to the left and right.  Tall, slim parsnip-people, called Roots, live there.  One of them tells him that the king and miners used to fear the roar in this Garden city.  Other kinds of Roots live on the other side.  The Parsnip warns him to avoid the Arch which stores electricity from lightning that hits the Earth outside.


On the other side are arithmetic roots.  Cube the Cabby, a Cube Root, approaches him to see if he wants a guide.  Button Bright tells him what he's looking for.  Recognizing it as one of the playthings of the Squire, a Square, and the source of the roar, they head over to see him.  The Square is stuck in a round hole and can't get out.  His Echo Trumpet allows him to roar.  They ask him for the mirror, which is a prize he'd won years earlier when he was an umpire.  He will give it to Button Bright if he can free him from the hole, which he fell into when a stray number rode into the Garden of Roots on a cosmic ray.  Roots on this side of the Garden find themselves in numbers (ala square roots of a number).  But in this case, it wasn't a number the Squire jumped into, but a minus one, which looks like a number, but is hollow.  Button Bright realizes that if he adds a one to the -1, the hole will disappear and the Squire will be free.  Yet only large numbers fall into the Garden.  Button Bright finds a layer of numbers.  Unable to peel them apart, they go to the mandrake root magician.  With a rod and a magic spell, Sir Mandrake separates a One from the layer, and bringing it to the hole, free the square Squire, who procures for Button Bright the mirror.  Twisting one handle, and asking for lemon pop, he magicks into existence a goblet with the liquid.  He orders a graham cracker with peanut better, and eats it, surprising his hosts with the mirror's power.  Returning to the magically-alive Minesweeper Pokey, Button Bright gets back to the upper level.


When Trickolas Om sees him, Button Bright attempts to keep the mirror, but the magician paralyzes him and takes it anyway.  Trickolas is curious to know about the source of the roar, the real reason he never attempted to get the mirror himself, but Button Bright refuses to answer.  He asks Stacy about the Cloudhopper, but the bird angrily tells him its dangerous, so he agrees to return to the Emerald City.  When the paralyzing spell wears off, Button Bright tells his friends about his adventures in the underground mine.  Clyde takes them back down and then, saying goodbye, flies up into his cloud. 


Meanwhile, widening cracks appear in the ground as the Sawhorse and travelers aboard the Red Wagon attempt to cross a prairie off the Yellow Brick Road, imprisoning then unto an island surrounded by dark chasms.  Before the Wizard can do anything, the island begins sinking into the blackness made by no ordinary means.  Dorothy pokes her head into it and tells them that she could see and hear nothing.  Then something growls at them.  It announces itself as the Ogre, and threatens to eat them.  But then it admits that it's not a real Ogre, but an Ogre-Ogre, who can't do any harm at all.  For years, he'd hoped to trap someone.  All he eats is agar-agar.  He would release them, but he can't.  They are in a Willing Well, which will only help people it knows.  He'd come across it in the underground passages long ago.  For a long while, Ozma and the others speak to the Willing Well about themselves, their adventures and why the need to get out of the hole.  It doesn't speak, but the Ogre-Ogre finds the conversation fascinating.  Finally, it rises and they say goodbye to the Ogre-Ogre. 


Soon enough, they find the grove of Everblue trees and begin searching for the copper vein.  A barking snake threatens to bite the Wizard who begins putting some of the copper powder in a vial, but Ozma uses her wand to disperse it far away.  This is followed by others who live in the nearby holes.  The Scarecrow volunteers to do the job.  They attack him, but as he cannot be harmed by them, he gets the job done.


Trickolas Om, meanwhile, reaches the Emerald City only to discover his Rocket Tree has been tampered with.  With a magic liquid, he causes one part of it to soften up, and out of it a new branch grows.  It stretches out towards the tower, nearly surrounding it, and from it a great cluster of black berries grow.  Seizing them, he tosses them into the tower windows.  The berries swell and pop and grow wrinkled.  In a matter of hours, they stretch into the forms of long and lean wrinkled shadow men, taller than human beings.  The faceless boogeymen scatter through the palace until every bedroom has one.  Then they begin whispering strange words and sounds, terrifying everyone in the palace with their screeching.  After the palace is emptied, the Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger, Woozy and Bungle the Glass Cat confer with the Comfortable Camel and Doubtful Dromedary.  They spot the Shaggy Man who declares that there is a kind of terror that accompanies these beings, otherwise he would not be so afraid.  He gathers those on the outside, but their meeting is broken up by the Boogeymen who emerge from the palace.  The Lion and Tiger launch themselves at them, but they hit solid mass and fall to the ground.  An invisible barrier has emerged, surrounding the palace and pushing outwards.  Nearby, Trickolas Om maneuvers the Platinum Mirror so that only the Boogeymen can move through it.


Cap'n Bill and Trot, who have a house outside the Emerald City, invite as many in as they can fit, and in the morning provide food.  After exchanging ideas, they're joined by Plop, who introduces themselves.  He informs them of Trickolas Om's plot, and Cap'n Bill remembers him, realizing he's the one behind the Boogeymen.  Plop is asked to head south to inform Glinda of their troubles. 


Earlier that night, Button Bright and Packer come upon the Scarecrow and friends.  Dorothy, Ozma and the Wizard greet them, and Button Bright tells of his adventures up till that point.  Arriving at the gate of the Emerald City, they're surprised to see the gathered crowd and soon discover what has transpired.  After much discussion, some begin trying to dig under the barrier, but a flock of birds attack, cracking Jack Pumpkinhead's head.  Two black clouds of poison air follow, which the Wizard disperses with a tin whistle.  Stacy the stork comes next with a warning from Trickolas Om, letting them know that he has to hurry or Trickolas will tighten the slave collar around his neck.  He tells them that if they don't put their magic tools in a bag and prepare for a dip in the Fountain of Oblivion, Trickolas will push the wall all the way to the Deadly Desert.  They have till noon to decide.


Reading of the events in her Great Book of Records, Glinda departs in her swan chariot before Plop and Tik-Tok (who was also sent to Glinda's) can arrive.  She joins her friends outside the magical barrier.  As they converse, Button Bright tosses a ball of blue clay that he'd found inside the mine of Mushroom Butte.  It sticks to the invisible and begins to cause it shrink.  Glinda then recalls that the magic mirror was hidden from the Wicked Witch of the East inside the very Butte whose clay is a defense against it.  Plop then joins them and is introduced to Dorothy and the others.  As the Wizard brings out a magical object to use against the barrier, Stacy sneaks down and takes it from him.  Trickolas Om roars in triumph now that he has stolen the Wizard's Power Superthruster, which can amplify magic.  As he announces his intent to drive them all to the Deadly Desert, Stacy attacks him.  But he uses the mirror to create a barrier around himself, and turns a dial on the instrument.  Just then, he's silenced.  The Wizard then announces that Om didn't get his Power Superthruster, but a similar-looking device, a statiawampthist, which served instead to solidify the wall around him.  Retrieving the now ensnared Trickolas Om, Ozma sends him to reside above the Deadly Desert, unable to harm anyone or be harmed.  The invisible barrier shattered, the Ozites celebrate.


The next day, after examining the palace for boogeymen, and assured that they faded away as Glinda's book indicates they would, the Wizard and the copper dust put an end to the Rocket Tree that produced them by turning it into a rubber balloon, which Plop loudly pops.  Scraps, returning from visiting the Foolish Owl, makes some poetry, as Ozma orders a feast to tell everyone the adventures of the past few days.


Continuity notes:

Cloudhopper: A furry serpentlike being with wings that rides the clouds.  Clyde appears friendly, and although he eats the royal family that lived upon Mushroom Butte, he did so because their behavior was cold and unkind.  He doesn't generally eat living creatures, and, in fact, the haughty family still live inside belly, quarrelling amongst themselves.  Clyde helps Button Bright, Packer and Plop to ascend Mushroom Butte and bring them back down again.  Another Cloudhopper appears in "The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz" in the soon-to-be published anthology The Lost Tales of Oz.


Dating: The narrative takes place over the course of four days.  Since Cap'n Bill recognizes Trickolas Om, it seems this story must take place after Lucky Bucky in Oz, which lists his earlier crimes on page 240 as "transforming innocent people into lost keys and door-knobs, for he knew a few low tricks and was a practical joker as well."  As he transforms no one into lost keys or door-knobs in this story, this is not the tale of those occurrences, which must take place earlier.  Also, by this story's end, he is left in a glass prison above the Deadly Desert.


Foggy Forest and Mushroom Butte: Within the Foggy Forest, which slowly spins on an axis, is Mutton Mountain, upon which is the castle of the wicked giantess Lazzar.  There is also the home of the Mistress of the Forest and her three would-be conspirators.  The tree of the Needlepins is outside the forest.  Mushroom Butte, in the Munchkin Country, was home to the haughty rulers of that land until Clyde swallowed them.  The underground mine, which must have once been under their domain, was closed by King Mortar the Fifth, who is perhaps now in Clyde's belly.  There live the sapient Roots, of the vegetable kind in one region, and of the more abstract mathematical kind in the other, as well as the magical Minesweeper Pokey.  For Button Bright to have come upon Dorothy and Ozma in the Red Wagon, that land cannot have been too far from where they were.  Thus, the Foggy Forest, which is in the Quadling Country, must be southeast of the Emerald City, east of Story Blossom Mountain on the Haff & Martin map.  Mushroom Butte must be right across it on the Munchkin side, south of Moojer Mountain.  Right around there is likely where the Everblue trees are, where Ozma and company were seeking out copper dust. 


Lazzel: The wicked giantess Lazzar lives on Mutton Mountain in the Foggy Forest.  She once devoured the mutton who lived upon that mountain so that none are left, though it is possible some escaped.  Why Trickolas Om shrunk her to human size is unknown, whether as some kind of joke on his part or for another reason cannot be ascertained.  Whether Ozma leaves her in this state is also unknown, as she is known to be dangerous.


Mistress of the Forest: This large woman who lives in the Foggy Forest appears to suffer from severe photophobia, as she must each day cover one eye and cause the fog to produce (which she does by use of a magic fog horn) from the fog pump (or pumps) that were built for that purpose in the forest, in order to keep the sunlight hidden.  What her relationship is with the three would-be conspirators, Purple Smudge, Brown Smoulder and Yellow Smoke, who love to pretend they're going to take over Oz, is unknown, save that she cooks for them and takes care of them.


Mysterious Beings: The Ogre-Ogre is not, in fact, an ogre at all, but an underground creature who eats agar, but aspires to be an ogre, likely because he suffers from low self-esteem and envies the ogre's fierce reputation.  The Ogre-Ogre becomes fascinated by the stories of Ozma, Dorothy and the Wizard, who he captured temporarily but soon befriended, and may come to aspire to more than meeting an ogre.  What race of being this creature is is yet unknown.  The Ogre-Ogre befriended an even more mysterious entity called the Willing Well, which can help individuals, but only does so when it gets to know them.  It helps the Ogre-Ogre capture Ozma, Dorothy, the Wizard, Scarecrow and Sawhorse by creating an island upon which the Red Wagon stood and bringing it down into the magically dark underground.  As it later gets to know them, it brings the island back up and repairs the cracks.  Not much is known of this being or what it's true nature is.


Packer: Although not explicitly stated in the text, Packer appears to be a former resident of Flutterbudget.  He is mentioned again in The Sawhorse of Oz and makes an appearance in Bucketheads in Oz.


Reference: The events of this story are referenced in The Three Imps of Oz.


Trickolas Om: first mentioned in Lucky Bucky in Oz makes his last appearance here.  Unlike his earlier practical jokes and tricks, he is far more sinister here in his attempts to take over Oz. 









The Magical Mimics in Oz


37th Oz book of the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five!


History: This is the first Oz story by writer Jack Snow, and by illustrator Frank Kramer.  Snow had written to Reilly & Lee to continue the series as early as his teens, prior to Thompson being chosen as Royal Historian,  and finally got the opportunity in 1944, following John R. Neill's death.


Story: After Ozma sends Toto to fetch Dorothy she ponders on the history of Oz and the time before it was enchanted.  Because the Deadly Desert kept it excluded its people lived free from destruction and terrible wars.  Then came Queen Lurline "ruler of all the fairies in the world," who circled over Oz with her band and made it into a fairy realm.  Then she sought out the king, an old man without an heir, and left baby Ozma with him.  At attaining her full age of girlhood, 14/15, she would be crowned Princess of Oz, although several of the witches nearly prevented this.


The day was at hand to answer the summons of the Fairy Queen, for every 200 years, all members of the Queen's fairy band gather for a Grand Council in the Forest of Burzee to discuss the work of the next two centuries.  She will be accompanied by Glinda.  When Dorothy asks Ozma what Lurline did after enchanting Oz, Ozma tells her that she went to Mount Illuso, next to Mount Phantastico, to confront the dread Mimics about whom not much is known, save that they are of the ancient race of Erbs, who inhabited the earth long before man, and are related to the Phanfasms.  They hate humans and immortals for having stolen the world from them.  After Lurline enchanted Oz, she placed a spell on the Mimics to make it impossible for them to attack Oz.


Ozma appoints Dorothy as acting ruler in her stead, the first time Dorothy has been given this honor.  The Wizard will serve as her counselor and advisor until she returns in three days.


Flashback: After leaving Ozma with the king, Lurline went off to Mt. Illuso with a Fairy Maiden.  Making themselves invisible they spied the terrifying caverns of the Mimics who are shape-shifters and shape stealers.  Able to cast themselves on the shadow of mortal and immortal alike, they take their form and leave their victim conscious but unable to move or speak.  So, Lurline casts an incantation on the Mimics, rendering them powerless to harm the inhabitants of Oz, and leaving behind her fairy companion on the summit to watch over them.


On the morning Ozma and Glinda depart for Burzee, King Umb and Queen Ra of the Mimics convene in a hidden cavern filled with ancient books of magic and strange implements.  Umb has little power, but his queen is skilled in the conjuring and incantations of the Erbs, and has followed the history of Oz over the years.  While free to attack and bring misery to other lands, Queen Ra is obsessed with Oz, and has discovered through her magic that the spell to remove Lurline's enchantment lies in Ozma's royal palace.  With a magic circlet of metal, she summons a mist within which turns a glowing ball.  In it, she can spy Ozma bidding her friends goodbye and vanishing.  Queen Ra declares it's time to act.  Those who came from the outside world after Lurline's enchantment are not protected by her spell preventing the Mimics from stealing their shapes.  The queen lays out her plan to enslave Oz, causing her husband to declare her "the most wicked queen who ever ruled the Mimics."  After midnight and accompanied by Styg and Ebo, the Mimic Monarchs depart the mountain transformed as birds and unconcerned about their guardian whose attention has been elsewhere for some time.


As Dorothy consults the Wizard in the top of his tower, four giant black birds enter through the large windows.  As "all birds and animals possess the power of human speech," the Wizard asks them what the intrusion is, but they leap at their shadows, rending them unable to move or speak.  Dorothy and the Wizard then find themselves looking upon, not birds, but exact duplicates of themselves!  Styg and Ebo, still as birds, pick them up in their talons and fly them over the Deadly Desert to Mt. Illuso.


Later on, the Scarecrow tells Scraps that he finds Dorothy's behavior strange.  Scraps mentions that it's oldd that she hadn't gone to see Aunt Em.  They run into Cap'n Bill and Trot, and Bill tells them that the Wizard's been acting strange as well.  Just then, they overhear Dorothy and the Wizard come up on the other side of the hedge, talking about trying to find some spell and plotting against Ozma.


In their prison in Mt. Illuso, the Wizard determines that his captors aren't Phanfasms.  Just then, a warm light shines down on them, freeing them of the evil spell.  Exploring the cave, Dorothy finds a button and pushes it, opening a panel in the wall that leads to an elevator.  A small painted wooden man sits inside.


Toto, meanwhile, wakes up in time to join everyone for dinner.  Suddenly, he declares that the Dorothy sitting there is not his Dorothy, but an imposter, and demands to know what became of his mistress.


The real Dorothy and Wizard enter an elevator operated by Hi-Lo from Pineville.  He takes them to the home of he and his wife, explaining that they're their first visitors from below.  The couple tell them that the fair Ozana rules the mountaintop.  They also share a sad tale of their son, Charlie McCarthy, who left home with a stork for the outside world.  The Wizard says he knows of him and that he went to a good home, having attained this information from music on the radio, which gets a signal from America.  The next morning they head to Pineville, a community of wooden people where they find Princess Ozana's cottage and gardens.  She greets them, as does her kitten Felina, and her wooden servants Dolly and Poppet.  Ozana tells them she is Ozma's cousin and a member of Lurline's fairy band.  Ozana has kept up with events in Oz and knows of Dorothy and the Wizard, who built the Emerald City, through which the four quadrants were united [119] 


She explains that she'd been placed there by Lurline to guard Oz from the Mimics.  She created the magic light and elevator to help potential prisoners of the Mimics, though until then they had not seen fit to take any to their Cavern of Doom.  She was remiss in not noticing the departure of the Mimic Monarchs because they'd been inactive for so long.  And in that time, Ozana had grown lonely, creating the wooden people and Pine Village to keep her company.  Because Dorothy and the Wizard arrived in Oz after Lurline's spell was cast, they were not protected by it.  Now, the king and queen seek out the magic antidote that Lurline had left with Ozma for safekeeping.  Once they find it, then all of Oz can be attacked and subject to their shape-stealing. 


Before Ozana leaves to study the best means of defeating them, she takes her visitors to Story Blossom Garden where each flower, once picked, tells a unique story, withers, and is then planted again and returns with a new story.  Dorothy and the Wizard go around putting their ears to different flowers, who offer them various tales, including that of:

A wicked witch and a princess

Silken beasts in their jungle lairs

A Highland girl for Auld Lang Syne

Merryland and the Valley of Clowns (a story Dorothy read about; from Dot and Tot of Merryland)

Men's love for black, brown and blue eyes

Love stories

A vagabond in faraway places

Wind-mills, Holland canals and pretty Dutch girls

Sun-baked prairies and western farmhouses

Dick Superguy, greatest detective in the world (this was offered by a weed)

A "magic white ship that sails the jeweled seas" and "the strange creatures that dwell in its depths."

A tale of "the secret islands of the never-ending nights, where the winds are music in the palm trees and the hours are woven of delights."

Sermon-like stories

A Spring Maiden who dances around the earth vanquishing ugliness and cold, and bringing forth flowers in her wake, causing new hope to arise in the hears of men.

Adventure stories

Stories of home, love, patience and virtue "in which the poorest may find riches."

In the morning, Ozana reveals that Queen Ra has put up a magical screen preventing Ozana from spying upon her activities.  They must head to the Emerald City immediately, and to cross the Deadly Desert, Ozana summons her three swans, who with her fairy wand, causes them to enlarge to five times their size.  Following the fairy's lead, the Wizard and Dorothy (with Felina) settle upon the birds' backs.  They find the journey one of the most relaxing they've ever had in the air, hampered only by Ozana's worry that something has gone terribly wrong and that the Mimics have outsmarted her.


Following Toto's announcement at dinner, the false Dorothy and Wizard flee, with Toto and the Scarecrow in pursuit, but the Mimic Monarchs lock themselves in Ozma's Chamber of Magic.  The Ozites gather to discuss the problem, and returning to the locked door, demand an explanation.  But they find two large black birds instead.  Queen Ra had found the antidote spell and Ozma's Magic Belt, and with King Umb, they fly away back to Mt. Illuso.  Checking the Magic Picture, they find Dorothy and the Wizard safe in the cottage of Mr. and Mrs. Hi-Lo.  But when Trot suggests using the Belt to get them home, they discover it has been stolen.  Uncle Henry volunteers to go with the Sawhorse to Glinda's to consult the Great Book of Records.


The next morning Queen Ra summons the serpent-headed Ebo to fetch Dorothy and the Wizard, the latter which she wishes to transform into a salamander and drop into the desert (where it will live), and the former to be kept for amusement and diversion.  But when he returns reporting their escape, she has Ebo cast into the Pit of Forked Flames.  Gathering the Mimic hordes at midnight, Queen Ra begins the disenchantment spell, releasing a magical scarlet spider that grows to enormous size and builds a giant web that will act as a net for Lurline's spell, provided it remains unbroken.  Transforming themselves into birds, the Mimic throng flies across the Desert to Oz.  Approaching the Emerald City, they take on beautiful colors, which entice the Emerald City residents to come out and gaze upon them.  As the magnificent flock lands in the courtyard, the Ozites approach, where one by one, the Mimics enter their shadows and become their duplicates, rendering the originals immobile.  Button-Bright, Trot, Betsy, Cap'n Bill, Ojo, Aunt Em and Jellia Jamb are duplicated, amongst others, but the animals and non-humans remain unaffected.  Queen Ra puts a spell on Hank the Mule, the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger, and has her people tie up the Scarecrow, Scraps, Tik-Tok, the Glass Cat, Billina and the Woozy.  Only Toto is able to sneak by.  Queen Ra and King Umb sit on the royal thrones and revert to their original forms, that of large, red-skinned beings, Ra with dark hair twisted in a knot and crown, and wearing the Magic Belt, Umb with a huge black beard and knotted black hair.  At her word the Scarecrow is brought before her, and she threatens to burn him and keep his head around for wise advice; Tik-Tok she threatens to dismantle, Bungle the Glass Cat to be melted down, the Woozy chopped into cubes, and Billina roasted!  To buy time, the Scarecrow challenges the queen, but she angrily sets a fire around him. 


Just as he's about to go up in flames, Ozma and Glinda arrive and magically douse the flames.  Glinda informs Ozma that these are the evil Mimics, and Queen Ra declares herself the new ruler of Oz, promising to take Ozma's own shape.  Even Glinda and Ozma know their powers are greater than theirs, but then Toto runs over and bites their ankles, a distraction that allows time for Dorothy, the Wizard and Ozana to appear.  Queen Ra attempts to use the Magic Belt to turn Ozana into a wooden doll, but it fails, unable to harm the fairy Guardian of Oz.  Ozana recasts the enchantment, destroying the scarlet spider and its web, which frees the Ozites from their immobility.  The Mimics revert to their original repulsive shapes. 


Ozma thanks Toto and Ozana, but she acknowledges that had she done her job and watched them more closely they'd not have gotten a foothold in Oz.  She suggests they bring the Mimics to a mirrored room, and into the mirrors they're sent.  Breaking the mirrors, they return to their cavern home in the mountain.  Uncle Henry returns, glad to see all is well.  Ozana, however, is sad to have to go back to the lonely mountaintop, but Ozma assures her that she's welcome to stay in Oz with them.  She promises to ask Lurline, who wishes to converse with her on events in the outside world. 


Later, Ozma returns with the news that Ozana is now a Princess of Oz, and that they can keep an eye on the Mimics through the Magic Picture.  Yet, grateful as she is, she grieves at having to leave the residents of Pineville and Story Blossom Garden to destruction at the hands of the Mimics, and so must turn them back into unliving beings.  Felina alone is safe as she is a fairy cat and as old as Ozana herself.  When Ozana goes to the Magic Picture to look upon her beloved creations one last time, she is shocked to find a wasteland, but Ozma reassures her that all is well.  She has transported them to Oz.  Upon a small mountain in the Quadling Country, near Miss Cuttenclip, resides Pineville and Story Blossom Garden, where now everyone in Oz can visit to hear stories and talk with the wooden dolls who live there.  A grand banquet ensues.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place over the course of six days.  See the Day-to-Day Chronology for more details.  The placement of this book determines the year when Oz was turned into a fairyland by Queen Lurline, which is specified by Ozana's statement that she'd guarded Mt. Illuso for over two hundred years [123].  The latest the book can be dated is 1944, when Snow began writing it.  The earliest is harder to discern, but as it includes a reference to the Wizard having a tower-roomsomething that he wasn't noted to have until the Neill booksit likely takes place after the Neill books in publication order.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places it in 1942.


Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion: This pair are planning a trip to the forest where they came from.


Lurline's Visit to Mt. Illuso: That Lurline does not visit Mt. Phantastico, enchant the Phanfasms (who are just as dangerous as the Mimics) or leave behind a fairy-guardian there, indicates that the Phanfasms are at this time restricted to their domain.  The psychology and history of their race is partly revealed in The Law of Oz and Other Stories.  The deeper history of the Mimics and their relationship to the Phanfasms is forthcoming in the book, The Ancient Dawn of Oz.  That Lurline did not enchant the Mimics so that they couldn't attack neighboring countries may also indicate that at this time in 1742, the surrounding countries were either sparsely populated, or had powerful defenses of their own, such as Burzee on account of Ak, Ix on account of Zixi, etc.  It is also possible that Lurline has no power to protect mortals and that these were not yet full fairylands.


Charlie McCarthy: The famous ventriloquist doll of Edgar Bergen, popular from the 1930s to the '50s, is referenced as having been the "son" of Mr. and Mrs. Hi-Lo.  Having been restless at home, he left Mt. Illuso with the help of a stork and came to the outside world, where he was adopted by Bergen and went on to great fame.  The Wizard learned of him through his wireless, which is noted to pick up stations in the outside world.  Charlie's appearance gives us an idea of what the wooden people of Pine Valley look like.


Good Witch of the North: The Good Witch of the North pays a visit to Oz in this story, but who this is remains uncertain.  It could certainly be Queen Orin, but she is not a witch any longer, having been disenchanted. There is the future Good Witch of the North, Maggie from the Seven Blue Mountains, but she won't come into the role until years later. That leaves a possible Locasta (the actual Good Witch at the time Orin had been enchanted by Mombi, as revealed in the upcoming "Tommy Quikstep and the Magpie"), and although she doesn't want the job any longer, she may have temporarily retaken the role before retiring for good. 


Mimics: Of the ancient race of Erbs, the Mimics are evil spirits and related to the Phanfasms.  Snow indicates that the latter are far older, and are resentful at immortals and humans for having stolen the earth from them, which implies that they came to earth before faerie or man (though possibly not before the Original Dragon of An). They have one additional power that the Phanfasms do not have, which is to steal shapes from their victims by entering their shadows.  This leaves the victim conscious, but immobile and speechless.  The advantage of this is that it allows them to take their place in society.  Rather than making an outward attack, they can infiltrate governments and seats of power in the world.  It appears that they have to keep their victims' alive, since they didn't just drop Dorothy and the Wizard into the Deadly Desert, but brought them to the Cavern of the Doomed in Mt. Illuso, where they were kept alive but hopelessly out of reach.  The Mimics are limited, however, to stealing human shapes, and although they can readily shape-shift into animals, and do so regularly, they cannot steal animals shapes, nor that of nonhuman beings (like the Scarecrow).


Omby Amby: Snow identifies the Soldier with the Green Whiskers as Omby Amby, which Baum had indicated, but never explicitly stated.  Nathan M. DeHoff notes as well that "Thompson's alternate name of Wantowin Battles is ignored, as is Snow's general way.  Oddly enough, though, Snow says that the Soldier is also the Keeper of the Gates, when the Guardian is clearly a separate character in previous Oz books.  I suppose it's possible that the Soldier is watching the gates while the Guardian is on vacation, though.  Ozma suggests just such an arrangement in SCALAWAGONS, after all."  Snow also says that Omby Amby is married to the jailor Tollydiggle, who first appeared in The Patchwork Girl of Oz, (and who has an expanded role in Adolf Hitler in Oz.)  Because the Soldier's wife in Land "doesn't sound like the friendly Tollydiggle from PATCHWORK GIRL.  A few possible ways to reconcile this are:

  1. The Soldier divorced his old wife and married Tollydiggle.  We never see any clear occasions of divorce in Oz, but that doesn't mean it can't happen.
  2. Tollydiggle behaves very differently in public than in private.  I believe this was suggested in "The Merchant of Oz," an OZIANA story.
  3. There's more than one Tollydiggle, and the Soldier's wife is a different person from the jailor.
  4. Since Snow has apparently confused the Soldier with the Guardian of the Gates, Tollydiggle might actually be the Guardian's wife (Ruth Berman's idea, I believe).
  5. Baum, Snow, and/or Jinjur made a mistake.  For that matter, I suppose that Jinjur's having heard rumors that the Soldier's wife is bad-tempered doesn't necessarily make those rumors true."


As Adolf Hitler in Oz makes clear, #2 can be ruled out (and for other reasons, "The Merchant of Oz" appears in the "parallel histories" timeline).  I would also rule out #3, leaving #1, #4 and #5 as possibilities.


Ozma's wand: Ozma's fairy wand is shown to have the power to transport her (to Burzee at least), as well as to douse flames.


References: Although Snow eschews references to any Thompson character and event, he mentions two Neill ones, the aforementioned Wizard's tower in the Emerald City, and the magic paint brushes.  Nathan M. DeHoff points out on the BCF Pumperdink forum: "On pp. 63-4, Cap'n Bill mentions the Wizard's magic paint bucket and brush.  The brush, which 'paints any color you want from the same bucket o' paint,' sounds similar to what the Ozites used to paint the castle walls in LUCKY BUCKY.  This might well be a revised version of the same, with the bugs worked out so that the paintings no longer come to life.  The fact that it  has to be used with a bucket might be part of the new design."  Snow also references The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus and Dot and Tot of Merryland.  See "Story Blossom Garden" below for more possible references.


Story Blossom Garden: Many of the stories the flowers offer are well known tales, and even include Baum's Dot and Tot of Merryland.  The story of the White Ship appears to be a reference to the H.P. Lovecraft short story "The White Ship," which ties into his larger "Dream Cycle" stories.  Snow had written for Weird Tales and was familiar with Lovecraft's work.  Similarly, the language and cadence of the tale of the "secret island of the never-ending nights" appears to reference Clark Ashton Smith, another popular Weird Tales alumni, who wrote in that kind of ornate style.







The Blue Emperor of Oz


History: The Royal Timeline of Oz considers The Blue Emperor of Oz a deuterocanonical work.  Published in 1966, it is one of the earlier known Oz pastiches, written after the close of canon in 1964.


Story: When Jam and his father Professor Manley pick up the mounted head of a strange animal in a pawn shop, Jam is disconcerted to see it wink at him.  Later, in his his father's lab, it identifies itself as a gump from Seebania in the Munchkin Country, which Jam recalls from his adventure in Oz 12 years earlier (in The Hidden Valley of Oz).  The gump wants to go back to his forest and the Blue Emperor who rules Seebania, but Jam tells him that King Ree Ala Bad and Queen Isomere rule there now.  The gump mentions he'd lived in the Emerald City for many years, but was wished to the outside world by a servant who didn't want to clean him and who found a wishing pill inside his hollow neck.  The gump head was then picked up on the side of the road and sold to a pawnshop, where Jam's father purchased him.  With one wishing pill left inside him, the gump tells Jam to wish them back to Oz.  Jam decides to do it, so swallowing the pill and counting to 17 by two's, he gets them to Oz.  Jam and the gump find themselves in Fiddlestick Forest, so he drags the gump head to a boat on the river.  As he gets sleepy, the trees take out their fiddles and play him to sleep.


The next morning, the gump discovers that none of the trees know what happened to the Blue Emperor 50 years earlier, as they only know of Ree Ala Bad as the ruler of this section.  Jam finds a hotel tree and eats, after which they return to the boat and sail downstream, where the gump recognizes another gump.  Muab hasn't seen his distant cousin Namyl in sixty years, and asks what happened to him that he ended up as a head.  Namyl explains that he was shot and killed and brought back to life by Tip/Ozma.  The two talk of the old days in Seebania where the Blue Emperor fought the other chieftains to keep his throne.


In Pumperdink, meanwhile, Kabumpo complains that nothing exciting has happened since the time Faleero tried to take over the kingdom (in The Purple Prince of Oz).  King Pompus tells him to go visit Randy or Dorothy, or figure out who the friendly stranger was who left Kabumpo with them during Prince Pompadore's christening.  Kabumpo recalls being gotten from the Jurassic Forest of Rinkitink, given weeks of training, and then left in Pumperdink with the Royal Family, but he's puzzled that no one's able to remember the man's name.


The next morning he goes to the heirloom chest and finds a book that indicates that the friendly stranger was none other than the king's brother, the Blue Emperor, who trained Kabumpo and gifted him to King Pompus, along with a cup and saucer.  The elephant finds the cup and saucer in a box and notes that they were created by a W.W.  He goes to show the king and queen his discovery, but they don't recall any brother.  To their horror, the cup and saucer start floating and writing a message in the air that warns of danger if the Emperor's mug is broken.  Queen Pozy Pink finds a note in the box that says the cup and saucer warn of danger if both Pompus and Ozroar's lives are threatened.  This is signed W.W. again.  Kabumpo is certain they've been bewitched to have forgotten Ozroar the Blue Emperor.  King Pompus sends Kabumpo to the Wizard to solve this mystery before anything bad befalls them.  Without realizing it, though, Kabumpo gets turned around in the forest and ends up going north instead, where he comes to Skid Row.  There, the proprietor provides him with skids for traveling to various places.  Kabumpo is unaware of just how fast the skids will take him.


Muab, meanwhile, knows that the Blue Emperor was never seen after he went to a banquet given by his brother, but he knows he took the magic mug with him.  The mug was able to walk and talk.  Namyl and Muab decide to find the Blue Emperor who they think could be of use in looking over Fiddlestick Forest.  The travelers come across a bend in the stream, at which point the forest ends.  They find living fountains, which after complimenting them, Jam is able to drink from.  Leaving the boat behind, Jam searches for a saddle, but is approach by Mossolb, a magician, who is also searching for the Emperor's mug.  Muab sees him and chases him away so that he can't do any tricks or transformations on them.  When Muab then goes for a drink, he discovers the lost mug.  The mug's name is Hiccup, and he explains that he's been avoiding Mossolb.  At that moment the magician reappears again and grabs him.  Namyl proves quicker, however, and knocks Mossolb unconscious.  Muab arranges his new friends on his back and they head south to the Quadling Country.  En route, Hiccup tells Jam that he was brought to life, along with a cup and saucer, by a wizard in the middle of a mountain.  He was then given to the Blue Emperor in thanks for some favors he'd done.  By late afternoon, the party reach Doughill and the Sauce Sea, where the Emperor's cabin stands alongside.


Princess Dorothy, meanwhile, goes to spend time with Pastoria, but upon arriving at his shop, his teapot starts acting strangely and spells out in tea-leaves the same warning about the Emperor's mug.  Dorothy runs to get the Wizard, who discovers that the teapot was made by W.W. in the Year 605 for Ozroar.  When he gets the pot to speak again, it tells him to seek out the Wizard Wam in Old Smokey Mountain.  If the mug is broken, a catastrophe will occur.  Pajuka's feather also comes to life, warning that Pastoria will turn to clay.  Pastoria recalls that Lurline put him on the throne when his father disappeared, and he realizes that Mombi must have had a hand in his father's disappearance.  Dorothy and the Wizard prepare for a trip when she bumps into Kabumpo, whose arrived by skid.  After explaining what's gone on in Pumperdink, the Wizard concludes there's witchcraft at work and they decide to travel together.


Meanwhile, the next morning after their arrival at the cabin, Mossolb finds them and assaults Jam, who throws magical molasses and frosting over him, and pushes him in the closet.  The party leave and decide to go to Mossolb's castle to see if Ozroar is there.  Muab knows that Mossolb takes enchanted photographs of his victims, which puts them in a framed picture from which they can't escape.  En route to the Blue Forest adjacent Ragbad, they come to a large cloth wall and a door.  Out of it comes a being with a flat head and three wiry legs.  He identifies himself as a rectifier named Silicon Diode, or Sili, and allows them to enter Electra City, whose residents are all conductors.  King Transformation and his wife Variable Condenser (Connie Vary) tell them that the laws are all based on electricity.  The party ask questions, but the king is unable to assist them.  After feeding his guests and escorting them to the south gate, he offers his assistance if they need transformations.  When he discovers they're going to Mossolb's castle, he gives them a living C-B transceiver, who he can communicate through, and they put him inside Hiccup.


Dorothy and the Wizard, meanwhile, wonder who the Wizard Wam is.  He's not in the Wogglebug's Cyclopedia of Makers of Magic.  Kabumpo suggests they use the Magic Picture to determine his whereabouts, and they discover he's in a mountain in the Quadling Country.  Atop Kabumpo they head out and see the Guide Post Man who tells them where to find the mountain.  Heading southwest they pass by Loxo's old mountain on their way to Smoky Mountain.  Climbing it, they pass by the Cactus Garden of Tequila.  Tequila himself is there, a kind of walking cactus, and he inquires about the two cacti in the Royal Conservatory that he'd like to add to his collection.  The Wizard and Dorothy say they can't help him, so he grudgingly leads them to a brick edifice wherein an old man is working.  He introduces himself as the Wizard Wam.


They ask Wam about the enchanted items and the old king of Oz, and the wizard acknowledges that Ozroar was king before Pastoria and ruled Oz for several hundred years.  Lurline put him on the throne when she enchanted the land.  Wam created and gifted Ozroar the mug on his 972nd birthday.  Wam admits that the items reactions are due to his earlier inexperienced days when he gave too great a penalty for the giving of life, so that if the living mug were to be broken, Ozroar and his son would turn to clay.  That is why the teapot, cup and saucer all give warnings about the mug breaking.  Wam recalls that Ozroar was short and jolly, but can't remember how he disappeared.  The Wizard believes Wam may be enchanted, but he says he's not changed in the last 500 years.  The Wizard explains that everybody was enchanted to forget Ozroar.


While the Wizard searches for a magical solution to their current predicament, Wam tells Dorothy he's worked as a horticulturist and developed many of the food, Hotel and Traveler's Trees in Oz, some of which were stolen by the Nome King years ago.  The Wizard uses his skeropythrope to turn a mirror into a screen to show what happened to Ozroar.  It shows the Blue Emperor at a banquet hall when Mombi appears out of smoke.  After pointing her finger at each of the guests, she summons a broom and beckons Ozroar upon it.  She follows him and they fly out the window.


Jam and the gumps, meanwhile, end up back in the Munchkin Country and end up on a footpath which takes them into a large boulder and down a long tunnel that ends at the edge of a lake.  A sign announces they're in John Doe's cave.  John Doe then introduces himself.  He is a sheet of paper with signatures all over him.  He advises they consult the footpath's creator to learn how to control it, and as he lives nearby, John tells the footpath to take them to Gussum.  Down a dark shaft the footpath takes them into the Blue Forest and to a giant tree, which opens up to an elevator. 


Gussum greets them and asks Hiccup when he was made.  The mug tells him he was made for Ozroar around a thousand years ago, give or take a few hundred years.  Gussum looks up the location of Mossolb the Sour Sorcerer with his magic light and a map, and it points to a location in the forest.  Gussum agrees to go with them, but Mossolb appears at the door with a powerful wand.  Hiccup turns CD on while a scuffle ensues, allowing him to escape to the elevator.  Just then, King Power Transformer arrives and shocks Mossolb, causing him to drop his wand.  But when King Transformer grabs it at the wrong side, it starts to drain his power.  This allows Mossolb to escape and steal Hiccup and the footpath.  Gussum plugs in King Transformer, restoring him back to life.


Meanwhile, in the Wizard's picture, they locate Ozroar moving inside a picture in a castle, located in the Great Blue Forest.  Using Wam's magic clay, the Wizards creates a howdah atop Kabump where he and Dorothy use to ride through the night.  Passing through the country between the Munchkin border and Big Enuf Mountain, they follow an eastern path until coming to a building called Backstage.  Entering it, they're greeted by Stage Manager and a large rearranging theater set.  Stage doesn't know much of the world outside, preferring his world of make-believe.  Stage is hospitable, however, and provides Kabumpo a savannah set to sleep in, a circus wagon for the Wizard and Dorothy.


In the morning, Gussum wakes up Jam and the others.  Namyl stays behind with King Transformer.  Heading south they make their way to a Traveler's Tree and have lunch at just the same time Kabumpo, the Wizard and Dorothy arrive there.  Dorothy and Jam reunite, and they discuss their mutual quest.  Traveling together, they come to Mossolb's castle.  The drawbridge lowers for them as a laugh rings out.  They enter and dismount, but Kabumpo impetuously rushes forward and disappears.  The same thing happens to the Wizard and Gussum when they follow him, unaware that Mossolb is snapping their picture.  Muab tries to snatch the camera and fails, but then King Transformer arrives and turns Mossolb into a statue.  Hiccup figures out how they can get everyone out of the pictures he put them, and they enter into a room with dozens of framed pictures whose imprisoned residents cheer them on.  They soon find Ozroar above the mantle and free him.


By the end of the 2nd day there, they have everyone disenchanted.  King Transformer takes Mossolb's statue with him back to his domain.  Ozroar travels to the Emerald City and meets with Pastoria and Ozma, and then goes to Pumperdink to see his old friend King Pompus.  Finally, he settles in Fiddlestick Forest.


Continuity notes:

Backwards names: Three characters in the story have backwards names, Muab, which is Baum; Namyl, which is Lyman, and Mossolb, which is Blossom, the story's author.  On page 52, Jam figures out that Mossolb's name is Blossom backwards and considers it stupid, a sentiment shared by some readers.


Dating: The action takes place over the course of five days, though the denouement adds an additional few days.  The story is set 12 years after the events of The Hidden Valley of Oz [8]The narrative details a 50 year span from the time Ozroar was abducted (at Prince Pompadore's christening in 1892), predicating that the events of this story take place in 1930.  This earlier date-placement also allows Kabumpo's statement to King Pompus that 'nothing exciting has happened' since the events of The Purple Prince of Oz to be true.  It also allows sufficient time for the gump to have been shot and killed, as his cousin notes this having happened 60 years prior to the time of this story [14, 15], placing the gump's death in 1882. 


Electra City: A living power plant located in the Southeastern quadrant of the Munchkin Country (somewhere between Seebania and Silica), and ruled by King Transformation and Queen Variable Condenser; it remains unknown how and when this city came about, but as electricity in Oz was first established in 1880 (see "The Adventure of the Cat That Did Not Meow in the Night"), it seems reasonable that it was some time after then.  Electra City likely serves as the main source of electricity for Oz.  It's noteworthy that Silica, the Royal Glassworks (from The Hidden Prince of Oz), is also nearby, as they might reasonably produce lightbulbs for the country.


Hiccup: A talking, walking mug created by the Wizard Wam in his early career as a magician for King Ozroar, who requested it.  Hiccup says he was created "about a thousand years ago, give or take a couple of hundred years." [78]  According to the calculations provided (see "Ozroar" below), Hiccup is mainly correct, though it's 313 years short of a thousand, as he was made in 1255 when Ozma's father Pastoria II was born.  This marks the 972nd birthday of Ozroar.  Because the only way to create the living mug was to exact a high price for his destruction, Wam is forced to create a penalty for his destruction [67].  So, at the same time he creates Hiccup, he enchants three other items, a cup, saucer and teapot.  Each of these is provided to sound a warning if Hiccup is in danger of being broken, since his destruction will result in Ozroar or Pastoria turning to clay.  For this reason, the teapot was given to Pastoria, and the cup and saucer given to Ozroar along with the mug.  Ozroar later gives the cup and saucer set to his brother.  Hiccup is there when Ozroar is enchanted by Mombi in 1892, but where he goes for fifty years after that is unknown.  He later turns up in Fiddlestick Forest at the start of this story in 1942, and somehow knows how to get his enchanted master out of the picture frame Mossolb put him in.  This may indicate that he was a prisoner of Mossolb's for a time.


Jam: Jam from Cosgrove-Payes’ The Hidden Valley of Oz returns to Oz again to help solve the mystery of King Ozroar's disappearance and the warning about his sapient drinking mug Hiccup, and is joined by the Gump (Namyl), his Gump friend Muab, Kabumpo, Dorothy and the Wizard. 


Kabumpo: The origin of the Elegant Elephant is here noted.  He comes from the Jurassic Forest in the Kingdom of Rinkitink.  He was trained by King Ozroar for a few weeks and then gifted to Ozroar's brother, King Pompa of Pumperdink in 1892 at the christening of Pompa's son Prince Pompadore.


Mossolb: The magician who captured Ozroar the Blue Emperor with an enchanted camera that puts his victims inside a framed picture.  Mossolb worked with Mombi, who captured Ozroar in 1892 and brought the king of Seebania to Mossolb's castle in the Munchkin Country.  It is not known if Mossolb created the enchanted camera, or even if Mossolb is his real name.  Jam comes to realize it's a backwards spelling of Blossom [53], which may indicate that Mossolb is not using his real name.  How Mossolb comes to discover that his part in Ozroar's disappearance is threatened to be exposed is unstated in the text, but somehow he comes to figure out that Hiccupwho he must believe can expose himis near Fiddlestick Forest.  Mossolb has a castle in the southeastern part of the Blue Forest of the Munchkin Country, west of Shamsbad and Snow Mountain [79].


Ozroar: The Blue Emperor of Oz is called by Muab "the original, the first ruler of Oz."  Ozroar was directly placed on the throne by Lurline in 1227 when she first enchanted Oz [67].  As is noted by this story, he's said to be Pastoria's father, which appears on the surface to be problematic, as a very different King Oz is known to be Pastoria's father and Ozma's grandfather (Paradox in Oz).  However, this can be reconciled in several ways, the simplest of which is that he adopted and raised his grandson (Pastoria II) as his own after the boy's father, Ozroar's son (King Oz Pastoria I) went mad in 1256. 


Ozroar's rule of Oz is known to be long (several hundred years [65], but intermittent (as other kings and queens were known to have ruled for various periods).  He was born in 283 AD, and is likely from the Munchkin Country.  Ozroar's birth year is established by the Wizard Wam's gift to him of the mug Hiccup on his 972nd birthday [66, 67], which was just after his son Pastoria I or grandson Pastoria II was born.  Pastoria II has the teacup and his prime minister Pajuka has a feather that echoes the same warning, but they may have gotten it from Pastoria I after the throne went to his son.  It also must be while Ozroar is still king [66]. This points to either the year 1255, when Pastoria II is born, or 1227, when Pastoria I was born.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently favors the latter earlier date.


Due to the fact that Ozma identifies her great grandfather by the name Ozandahan in Fred Meyer's "Mr. Thinman in Oz," it's been since established that Ozroar is a nickname that he chooses to go by.  His original name was Andahan, and he came to be known in his early years of rule as King Oz Andahan the Roarer, which he shortened to Ozroar.  He later goes on to rule Seebania, which is likely his home country, in 1743, the year after his grandson and adopted son Pastoria II takes the throne.  Seebania at this time is capital of the entire southern Munchkin border, and relations between the northern Munchkin kingdom in the Ozure Isles are not good (The Talking Animals of Oz).  Ozroar likely brings peace between the kingdoms.   Ozroar's brother is King Pompus of Pumperdink.  However, although Ozroar was king of Seebania, he is not Ree Ala Bad's father, who was likely a rival chieftain mentioned in the text [16].  Ree Ala Bad is mentioned, but Ozroar neither acknowledges him as a son, nor goes to visit him (as he does Pastoria).  It is Ree Ala Bad's father, who eventually rules Seebania, who shoots and kills Namyl the Gump.  Both Namyl and his cousin Muab love Ozroar; in fact, Namyl considers Ozroar his master [12], making it clear that these kings are two very different men.  This is supported by the narrative, which indicates that Ozroar had to constantly fight to keep the throne from rival chieftains [16].  In 1882, the year Namyl is shot, Ozroar must have temporarily lost Seebania to this chieftain.  Then, when Ozroar was enchanted by Mombi, Ree Ala Bad's father took full control of Seebania until he was killed in a hunting accident (possibly orchestrated by Mooj or a vengeful animal).  When Ozroar is disenchanted, he goes to preside over Fiddlestick Forest, not Seebania, and allows Ree Ala Bad and Queen Isomere to maintain their diminished rule over that kingdom. 


Wam the Wizard: The Wizard Wam is revealed in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz as Wammerian Hadrakis.  His first mention in an Oz book was in The Cowardly Lion of Oz.  To reconcile the existence of the Wizard Wam in this book with his history, as established in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 2: Tippetarius in Oz, it might be understood that Zim took on the role of his "father" Wam during these events.  Zim is known to be able to transform into a number of different wizards in the Blue Mountains, and could have taken on the Wam persona when he discovered the warning of the cup, saucer and teapot, which his father created in 1255, when he was yet new as a magician.  It's established here that the Hotel Trees, seen in the Nome Kingdom (Tik-Tok of Oz) were actually created by Wam, along with the Traveler's Trees (first mentioned in The Cowardly Lion of Oz.)  [69]  Ruggedo stole the Hotel Trees and brought them to the Metal Forest in his underground domain.  Wam is noted as having a sister whose husband smokes pipes [68].


Year of Oz: Following on Thompson's O.Z. calendar notations, beginning in The Cowardly Lion of Oz, Blossom establishes a start year for the establishment of Oz, and helps unlock the Ozian calendar.  It's noted that the enchanted teapot (which along with the enchanted cup and saucer were created at the same time the mug Hiccup was created [43]) was "Made by W.W. (the Wizard Wam) in the Reign of Ozroar 605." [42]  This leads to three possible meanings.  The first is that it refers to Ozroar's 605th year of rule, but this cannot be the case.  Lurline put Ozroar on the throne during her first enchantment of Oz [67] in the year 1227.  His 605th year would be in 1832, which is far too late as Pastoria II is reigning at this time.  It also can't mean his 605th year alive, as that would be 888 (since he was born in 283; see Ozroar above).  That leaves the final interpretation, which appears to be the one that Thompson uses, which is an indication of an Ozian calendar year.  If so, then 605 O.Z., which is the year Hiccup was created, refers to the Gregorian year 1227, indicating that the Land of Oz was established by Lurline (though what exactly this entails is unknown) in 622 AD.








The Raggedys in Oz


History: Early pastiche that brings Johnny Gruelle's Raggedy Ann stories into the Oz universe. That series, written for young children, ran from 1918 to about 1974, with additional books written by other authors later.


The second edition of this rare, privately printed manuscript by Ray Powell proves more effective than the first.  Contradictory elements, such as the banishment of the giant rat Percy (who originated in The Hidden Valley of Oz, and was still under copyright when Powell used him), and the restoration of Ruggedo to the throne of the Nome Kingdom, have been removed in order to better bring this story of Raggedy Ann and Andy's adventures in Oz in greater harmony with established Oz continuity.


Story: When they leave their playhouse, Raggedy Ann and Andy are caught up in a powerful gust of wind that takes them from New Jersey to the Gillikin Country of Oz.  They are soon captured by King Hawser and the Ropies, which are a kind of rope people who fear circuses.  They place the dolls in a cave, where Raggedy Ann hears movement.  Moving aside two rocks, they discover the Woozy, who introduces himself and tells them about the Land of Oz.  He'd been returning from the Ozure Isles when he fell into the cave. 

Percy the white rat, meanwhile, grows bored and knowing the Wizard is nearby to ensure no real harm comes of his mischief, decides to disenchant Ruggedo to entertain himself.  Going into the palace gardens, he pushes over one of three cacti, releasing Ruggedo from his spell.  Ruggedo inquires what became of him, but seeing the cactus that is Wutz, remembers his enchantment.  Noting the black cactus, which is unknown to him, Ruggedo threatens Percy to disenchant that one.  Fearful of the Nome, he does so, releasing a foot-long, thin black creature that looks a piece of film with red eyes and slit-mouth.  Ruggedo recognizes him as the black magician Cell-U-Loid, though the creature prohibits him from ever saying his name. 

Percy suddenly disappears, and the Black Magician tells Ruggedo that he was the supreme ruler of the black land of Philm long before Oz came be a fairyland.  His realm bordered Patalonia, home of the black demons, and they were allied with the Awgwas. They traveled to the realms of men by means of invisible Gadgols, and his Philimites would even carry away evil persons to become one of them.  Then Ak declared war on the Patalonian demons, giants of Tartary, Gadgols and Awgwas, defeating them.  The Black Magician had been in Noland during this, assisting the Roly-Rogues.  Seeking revenge on Ak and Burzee, Cell-U-Loid mounted an attack by air, but one of his Philimites had betrayed them and told a Ryl, who informed Ak.  He directed the wind out of the world, far past the Land of Eternity (which is likely meant to be Tir Na Nog from Irish mythology and folklore), where they were destroyed.  The Black Magician alone remained, faced by Ak who transformed him into a cactus and placed a curse upon it so that whosoever would free the Black Magician would disappear.

The Black Magician then casts a spell of his own, making all the inhabitants of the Emerald City his prisoner, causing each one to vanish and darkening the sky.  Noticing something wrong, Dorothy uses the Magic Belt to hide all of Ozma's magical treasures.  Yet with each person the Nome King names, the Black Magician makes him vanish.

In the morning, the Ropies snatch the Scarecrow and bring him to their cave.  But remembering their fear, Raggedy Andy addresses the Scarecrow as a circus owner, causing the Ropies to release them.  The Scarecrow tells them he was on his way to see Cheeriobed and have him contact Ozma, as he'd heard from a Knook to beware the Black Magician and an old Nome. 

Traveling south for a time, they come upon Bagville, which prohibits sharp objects.  As they start to head in, however, the Woozy and village disappear, and the Scarecrow fears the work of black magic.  Reaching the southern mountains of the Gillikin Country, they spy the brilliant waterfall of Bubble Lake, which releases bubbles in an array of colored lights.  The water of this mountain lake is actually of powdered soap, and a sign notes that it was discovered by Hardas Flint in 20 O.Z.  As the sign advises them to 'take the tub,' they push the marked button releasing a bath tub, which they embark on as it takes them over the falls.  However, it also gives them a bath, and after soaking them in bubbles, brushes descend upon them, scrubbing them, until at last the tub flings them out.

Back at the Emerald City, the Black Magician finds that the two ragdolls have thwarted his attempt to vanish the Scarecrow and demands that Ruggedo tell him who they are.  The old Nome doesn't know, but they determine that they're not from Oz and that whatever magic they posses, the Black Magician's powers have no effect on them.  After seeing them plunge into Bubble Lake, the pair assume they're out of the way, and put them out of their minds.

Raggedy Andy reports that they're on a small island.  The Scarecrow is badly in need of straw, but only sand abounds.  A small rabbit-like creature in coveralls approaches and welcomes them to Coney Island.  The ragdolls pick up the Scarecrow and follow the creature to several large hay stacks.  The Raggedys stuff him, but then hundreds of coneys come in, calling them hay thieves.  The Chief Haymaker then enters, but before he can get an answer, flying nestors launch an attack.  They are large like seagulls, but made up of nests made from hay.  Small baby nestors ride them, holding long poles with sticky paper tied to the end of the lines.  With this, they attempt to capture the hay, but the coneys seek to protect it with pitchforks, cutting their lines.  Thinking quickly, the Raggedys overstuff the Scarecrow with all the hay they can find, so that the birds, losing their quarry fly away.  They then offer the hay back to the coneys, telling them their story in the process.  So pleased are they, the chief allow the Scarecrow to have as much hay as he needs.

The chief tells them Coney Island is in the center of Bubble Lake, and that years ago two coneys (or pikas) were shipwrecked there.  Lurline passed the island and told them they were in the Gillikin Country and now fairy coneys.  Since then, only Flint and the nestors have come there.

The next morning, the Chief Haymaker takes them to meet Hardas Flint, who lives inside a large rock.  He's a short being made of flint and dressed in a red shirt, trousers and boots. He explains that his father was Steely Flint and lived in Ev. They were miners who dug quartz, which they sold to the Royal Family of Ev.  They had frequent problems with the Nomes, so that in time they moved, but they lost each other in a sandstorm. Coming to Bubble Lake, he met Queen Lurline who transformed the watefall into soap powder for him, and brought the brushes to life.  The Scarecrow inquires if he knows who the ruler of Oz was at that time, as he's heard of Ozroar and other names, but Flint doesn't recall (page 58).  Inquiring a way off the island, Flint summons the Chief of the Coneys to discuss giving them the Giant Pod which would transport them off the island, but he says he must consult with his people first as the large pea-pod was a gift of Lurline's and the source of the island's pea vines.  Knowing this, Raggedy Ann and the Scarecrow are reluctant to take it.  Flint brings him a magic quartz mirror which can show, once a week, anyone they ask to see.  Requesting to see the throne room, they see Ruggedo on the throne and the Black Magician, who Flint recognizes as the former ruler of the Land of Philm.

At the next nestor raid, the Scarecrow captures a nestor who explains to him that they need the hay to live, and there is no other in the area.  He then scolds the Chief Haymaker, who wants to punish or destroy them, as being selfish, advising him that since they only need a small amount for themselves they should turn it into a game and allow the nestors to take what they need.  Flint agrees, and the Chief discusses it with the nestor, who says they'll "raid" every other day.  With that the Scarecrow suggests that they use the giant peapod and the nestors could return it after they've crossed the lake.

The next day, Mr. Flint brings oars for them and tells them he's going with them. So together they depart from the lake, leaving the pod with the nestors, and begin their journey on foot.  At night, they're visited by Pixies from the Deep, Deep Woods, who know the Raggedys well.  They lead them to their king who lives in the hidden land of the Pixies of Oz, Pixie Wood.  The pixies ride astride bees and dragonflies and movd about the ground.  The king hopes that Flint is a sorcerer come to destroy the Black Magician, and explains that he is covering the land in grey and will soon enslave or destroy everyone.  The Pixies live near portals of Fairyland, but can go no more to the lands of humans and disbelievers, from which they are driven out.  Even in the Deep, Deep Woods, the boundaries are shrinking and they are slowly leaving: "Some perish before they can find a new home. Some are destroyed by witches or other evil beings, and thus our numbers grow less and less."  In order to save Oz, the king tells them, they must leave it and find Ak in Burzee, though no one has heard or seen him for the past three-hundred or so years."  He gifts them the Veil of Aridity, which will keep them dry at all times.

At dawn the next day, they're led out of the Pixie Wood to the south, avoiding the Emerald City, but forced to enter the grey fog caused by the Black Magician.  Ruggedo, meanwhile, becomes despondent.  After failing to find the magic items of the palace, he tells the Black Magician he wants to go back to the Nome Kingdom.  So, thinking to conquer the entire fairy world, the Black Magician summons a black wind to take them to Ev.  There, the Black Magician overcomes Ev and its people and asks Ruggedo to get them into his kingdom.  This puzzles the Nome, but he keeps silent and leads him through a torturous path underground, which the Black Magician has difficulty traversing.  Finally, Ruggedo enters the throne room and kicks Kaliko off. 

As the fog begins to dampen them, the three stuffed travelers take the Veil of Aridity, which helps as they pass into the Quadling Country.  But when they enter Frameway, they're captured by living frames who wrap them in coils.  But then a man dressed as a painter with wildly colored facial hair enters and frees them, bringing them into his house.  His name is Dauber and was once a Quadling named Artie Painter.  After he fell in the Paint Pool, he became the greatest painter in the world, but as he was mocked by his own people he returned to this wood and built a house at the edge of the pool.  He discovered that the frames he made from the trees became animated and the trees themselves grew canvases. The frames consider him their leader and long to be hung.  Also, if he puts anything alive into the canvas it becomes part of the picture, where it remains.  The Scarecrow tells him they're on an urgent mission and must depart, but Dauber leaves the house and locks them in.

Insider his house they meet a squirrel in one of his pictures along with other animals, and realize what Dauber's intentions are.  Raggedy Ann then discovers a little man in one picture.  He introduces himself as Lemon, a Yellow Ryl.  He seeks to get out, but they don't know how to release him.  Out of curiosity, Raggedy Andy steps into his picture but gets stuck.  So, the Scarecrow reaches in and pulls him out, but when he tries it with the Ryl, it doesn't work.  But it gives the Scarecrow an idea.  He, Raggedy Ann and Mr. Flint enter the picture, while Raggedy Andy goes to hide.  When Dauber enters the room again, Raggedy Andy pushes him into the picture and then reaches in and pulls out the Scarecrow and Mr. Flint.  The Yellow Ryl warns him that Dabuer's got a grip on Raggedy Ann and won't release her until they pull him out.  But the Ryl chants a spell to the flowers to bind the mad painter, and they bind him to the ground with vines and stems, freeing Ann, who the Scarecrow brings out of the picture. The Ryl tells them to lock the door behind them so that his frames can't help him.  Promising to come back for the Ryl, the travelers depart.

They reach the Hill of the Hammerheads, but as the Scarecrow announces they'll have to go another way, a Hammerhead corrects him and tells him that they're loyal subjects of Ozma, and knowing of the trouble, will allow them to pass.  Soon enough they reach a break in the black fog and find themselves at the edge of the desert.  Not knowing how they'll cross, they wait for a time.  Suddenly, the Sunset Express comes into view, and as the captain mistakes them for small stars, he hauls them aboard.  He's dismayed to discover his error, and stops sobbing long enough to introduce himself as Aurora Australis.  The ship, with its cargo of stars, is heading to the Citadel of the Night, where only stars can go.  Panicking, he decides to throw them overboard, but as this would deposit them in the Deadly Desert, Raggedy Andy knocks off Aurora's strange hat, causing the ship to veer and the stars to escape their crates.

No longer over the desert, Aurora pushes Raggedy Ann overboard, and the others jump behind her.  After safely landing they meet Arky the dog star (who fell out of the ship), who points them in the direction of Burzee to the east.  Heading along the shores of the Nonestic, they meet the sandpipers, but skirt around their village of Piperville.  They next come across a mile-long sand castle, which they can't avoid without going out of their way.  Once inside, however, the sandmen throw sandballs at them from above.  An eight-foot king of the sandmen then emerges and tells them they'll stay and turn to sand in a week's time, at which point they'll be refashioned into soldiers or citizens.  The party is sucked underground into a dungeon. 

The guards, emerging through the walls, bring sandwiches and sand fruit, and there appears to be no other way in or out.  The Scarecrow tells Mr. Flint that he can dig them out, and with his spade fingers begins to do just that.  After several hours, he digs his way outside the walls of the city.

Nome King once again, Ruggedo confides in Kaliko a plan to get rid of the Black Magician.  When the Long-Eared Hearer tells him that he's at the far end of the north tunnel, Ruggedo puts his plan in action, ordering  a suit made of every metal in his dominion.  Word of this work gets out, however, and the Black Magician overhears his plans and goes off to confront the Nome King.

Meanwhile, the party enter Burzee, where they're met by Shagree the Lioness, granddaughter of the lioness who befriended Neclaus in his youth.  She brings them before the Great Ak, Bo, Kern and Aero, the Master Airman of the World, besides numerous nymphs, ryls, knooks and fairies.  After Ak tells of having defeated the Black Magician before, the Raggedys suggest doing the same now.  Ak and the Masters of the World smile and agree, yet Ak acknowledges that "as our forests grow smaller and fewer in number, so equally are our powers diminished." [117]  He chooses to go along with the four heroes, and as the inhabitants of the realm celebrate, Ak tells them an old legend that says the revelation of the Black Magician's name will lead to his destruction.  Flint tries to remember what he'd heard of it in times past. 

Later, Ak tells them that he's just spoken to the Supreme Ruler and learned that Oz and its realm are in a different dimension from the Deep Deep Woods and other magical places that the Raggedys know.  Yet, the Supreme Ruler brought them to Oz in order to help, and thus, they are under his special protection.

Transporting to the Nome Kingdom, Flint leads the party to a hidden entrance underground.  They soon find Ruggedo cowering before the Black Magician.  Upon seeing the intruders, the Black Magician quickly casts the Veil of Immobility spell upon them, freezing Ak and the Scarecrow.  The Magician puzzles why the Raggedys and Mr. Flint are unaffected, but then realizes that flint is the one mineral immune to his magic.  He's glad to have his revenge of Ak and makes the Scarecrow disappear.  Yet before he can do the same to Ak, Flint remembers and speaks aloud his name, Cell-U-Loid.  This infuriates the Black Magician who conjures a magical fire to burn the forest of Burzee.  But Raggedy Andy pushes Mr. Flint into Ak's raised axe, causing sparks to burst forth, sparks that catch Cell-U-Loid and cause him to burn away! 

With his destruction, all those he made vanish reappear.  Ak restores everyone to their homes, except the party of travelers, Ruggedo, Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard, who he transports to Burzee. To the latter three, Ak recounts to them what had transpired and Raggedy Ann explains that she got the idea to have Andy push Flint into Ak's axe from her mistress Marcella's father, who once told her how flammable film is.  Since the Black Magician looked like film to her, it made sense to try it.  Ak notes that the Black Magician's name signified what he actually was: celluloid, which revealed his weakness: fire.  His people who'd been blown into a volcano suffered the same fate.  Ak then erases the memory of Cell-U-Loid from the minds of everyone, except those gathered there.  The giant rat Percy is brought before them, and although Glinda suggests sending him back to the Outside World, Dorothy protests and Ozma agrees.  The Wizard sternly tells him to stay out of the garden and away from magic, to which he heartily swears. 

Ruggedo is then brought before them and admits that he'll likely not behave.  So, Ak places him under his control and restores him to the Nome Kingdom, warning him that if he does evil, his axe will find and destroy him! 

The party celebrate for three days and nights.  Ozma restores the magical items in the palace and frees the Yellow Ryl from the painting.  Dauber's powers are taken away, though he's left to paint in Frameway.  Although the Raggedys are offered a home in either the Emerald City or Coney Island with Mr. Flint, they choose to return to their mistress Marcella, whose been missing them. 

Continuity notes:

Black Magician: Supreme ruler of the black land of Philm, a realm located next to Patalonia, southwest of Oz. The Philms traveled atop invisible Gadgols, and were allied with the Awgwas, and would sometimes capture evil humans and transform them into Philimites.  Cell-U-Loid indicates that after the battle with Patalonian Demons, Giants of Tartary, Gadgols and Awgwas, told in The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus, Ak defeated the Philimites.  Ak later reveals they ended up inside a volcano, where they burned. He escaped because he'd been off helping the Roly Rogues (to what end is not stated).  The fact that he and his people are essentially sentient film stock appears to be a contradiction as celluloid was only first created between 1856 and 1870, when it was mass produced as celluloid.  The Philimites appear to have been enchanted film stock, but if they existed "aeons ago... before Oz became a fairyland," as the Black Magician states, and which The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus indicates, then either film was first created in Nonestica, or the Philimites were a kind of film elemental that preceded the invention of film.

Dating: The story takes place over the course of eight days.  There is no indication as to year, though the fallen apple blossoms may indicate Fall or Winter.  It must take place prior to 1967, when it was written, and after The Hidden Valley of Oz (and in which the giant rat Percy was first introduced) and Handy Mandy in Oz, when Ruggedo is turned into a cactus. The earliest date might appear to make the most sense given that the Raggedy's mistress Marcella is still called a girl.  Yet, Marcella was introduced in the very first Raggedy Ann book, which was published in 1918.  Even at the youngest possible age she might have been then, say six years old, by 1935 she'd be 23.  The story clearly indicates that she's still a "child" [11], and while that might be what they call her, it seems more likely that it is not the same Marcella, but her own daughter with the same name.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places this story in 1943.

Hammerheads: This is the one of the rare times that the Hammerheads allowed travelers to cross their realm, and they do so for Ozma.  This harmonizes with the real purpose of the Hammerheads, as revealed in The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz.

Hardas Flint: The stonelike Mr. Flint returns to star in his own book, 1969's Mister Flint in Oz, in which he goes on a search for his father Steely Flint.  The Royal Timeline of Oz places this book, however, in the Parallel History section.

Raggedy Ann and Andy: The Great Ak reveals that the magical places in which the Raggedies have traveled near their New Jersey home belong in another dimension.  He also reveals that the Supreme Ruler himself brought the Raggedies into Oz to help them defeat the Black Magician, and his power is upon them. 

Ruggedo: By story's end, Ruggedo is released from his enchantment as a cactus and restored to the Nome Kingdom under Ak's watchful gaze.  Were he to return to evil, Ak assures him he won't hesitate to destroy him. 

Supreme Master: Although Providence is sometimes alluded to, this is the first time since The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus that God is directly shown to have a hand in the events in Fairyland. He is here referred to as the Supreme Ruler.  In the latter story, it is the Supreme Master, and in Policeman Bluejay, the Supreme Maker.  Ak explains says that while He doesn't wish to interfere with the affairs of His creation, He will help.  The implication here is that when warranted the Supreme Maker (God) will occasionally play a role in the affairs of fairies and men, as he does here when he brings the Raggedys into Oz to assist against the depredations of the Black Magician. 




A Refugee in Oz


Story: Dorothy discovers from the Scarecrow that it's the Tin Woodman's birthday, which he considers as the day Ku-Klip gave him his tin head.  While he's never had a birthday party since Dorothy's arrival, the Scarecrow spends time with him every year on this day.  Dorothy considers it a celebration not of a beheading, but a reheading, and decides to accompany the Scarecrow to go see him.  Figuring she'd like to bring a gift, she brings along the Magic Belt so that she can grant him a wish.


Nomes, meanwhile, break through from under the Deadly Desert unto an oasis called Sidia, capturing members of the peaceful Madou tribe who live there.  Only the son of the elder, Kokoro, is able to escape across the Desert to Oz. 


Seeking help from the High Cocolorum of Thi, Kokoro is told to find the queen of the land.  Seeing the Tin Castle, Kokoro heads there, and meets with the Tin Woodman, Scarecrow and Dorothy, who hear his story and agree to help him.  Heading north, they send Tik-Tok to the Emerald City to warn Ozma of a Nome invasion.  Tik-Tok passes the message along to Jack Pumpkinhead, but Jack loses his head along the way. 


Kokoro is surprised and put off by the news that magic is forbidden in Oz since the whole country is magical, and for his people, magic is a natural and everyday occurrence.  The Tin Woodman in turn becomes offended when Kokoro refers to him as a golem.  The Travelers reach the edge of the Deadly Desert and discover that Kokoro's village is actually on the Deadly Desert.  Wondering how they'll cross, he tells them to hold hands.  His people can float off the ground and carry others so long as they hold hands. 


Scraps, meanwhile, discovers Jack and brings him to the palace where Ozma carves him a new head.  Jack informs her of the Nomes and Ozma summons her counselors.  Kokoro, meanwhile, is too tired to continue and erects an oasis in the desert by turning the sand to glass.  After resting and eating, he explains how his people all use domestic magic.  One day, their sorcerer had made an animal to eat the insects that were threatening their crops.  It had a tough hide and could go without food for a long time, but he had a sweet tooth and loved bees.  Above all else, the village needed their bees, however, and could not allow this, so the creature eventually left them, and presumably died crossing the Deadly Desert.


Reaching the village, Kokoro is horrified to see its destruction, and the hole leading down to the Nome's dominion is still open.  The party agree that they'll demand the release of his people and so descend into it, Kokoro lighting the way. 


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, a party heads out made up of Ozma, the Wizard, Ojo, Jack, Billina and several chickens, the Woozy, Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tiger and Sawhorse.  Button Bright is left behind as no wants to have deal with him when he inevitably gets lost.  They find Tik-Tok wound down.  Winding him back up, he gives them the directions the Scarecrow's party was taking. With Tik-Tok's internal navigation and the Wizard's silver spider, they head in the right direction in the Winkie Country.


The Scarecrow, Tin Man, Dorothy and Kokoro, meanwhile, enter a large cavern filled with glittering gems and metal trees.   They soon find the Madou tribe, but the Nomes led by General Guph are upon them, and Guph takes Kokoro, forcing the Tin Woodman to lay down his axe as they take them to a hot room with an open furnace.  Dorothy's left foot is then bound tightly so that she can't wiggle her toe, a necessary component to using the Belt to make a wish, and the Tin Woodman is chained.  Ruggedo, king of the Nomes once again, enters and tells them he'll release them if they allow him to use the Magic Belt to wish for his memory back.  The Scarecrow tells her not to do so, knowing that once he got it, he'll be an even worse threat and Dorothy will have no protection.  The Nome King then tells her to make the wish herself and he'll release the three of them.  But he intends to keep the Madou, as their powers can help him to locate all the gems that had been stolen or lost over the years.  However, if he has the belt, he won't need them.  To make his point, he then tosses the Scarecrow's hat and boot into the furnace where it burns up.


The Scarecrow urges Dorothy not to give him the Belt at any cost.  Angrily, Ruggedo throws the Scarecrow's body into the furnace.  Abashed at his lack of heart, the Tin Woodman protests, but Ruggedo has his chest pried open and his heart taken out, is surprised to find out it's made of silk.  When Dorothy doesn't give up the Belt, he tosses the Tin Woodman's precious heart into the furnace.  He then grabs the Scarecrow's head, opens it and tosses his brains into the furnace.  Finally he throws in his head sack, but at that, the Tin Woodman bursts through his bonds, breaking his arm off at the elbow, and follows it into the furnace. 


The Nome King tells Dorothy he'll soon melt, but Nick Chopper reemerges, noting that he's nickel plated, and that without a heart to guide him, he can no longer gauge right from wrong, and with that he raises his axe to kill Ruggedo.  But the wily Nome calls his guards and flees in terror.  As the Tin Woodman furiously battles Nomes, Kukuro frees Dorothy.  Suddenly, the Nomes panic as chickens come flying into the tunnels.  Billina flies in after them, asking about the Scarecrow and shocked to learn of his fate.  Dorothy considers using the Belt, but remembers that Glinda told her that even wishes have their limits and that magic cannot bring back the dead.  Nick is horrified to see what he'd done to the Nomes, but Billina notes that his axe is clean and that he didn't use the bladed side, only knocked them out. 


As one of the hens informs them they've trapped Ruggedo, they go to see him.  He's locked himself in a room with his books of magic, protected by diamond glass.  Kaliko has been turned into an ornament and Ruggedo warns that they won't retrieve him in one piece.  The hens discover a way for their eggs to get through, and the party leave Ruggedo trapped to go search for Kaliko.  After examining numerous items of values, Dorothy discovers a geode cut in two and realizes that's what Ruggedo meant.  If they restore him, he'll be cut in two.  Kukuro goes to work healing the stone so that, in time, it's no longer bifurcated in two parts, but a whole stone again.  Once that's complete, Dorothy touches it and says "Kaliko," which restores him.


Kaliko explains that he'd felt sorry for Ruggedo, feeling that no Nome can live happily on the surface, and let him live in one of the caves, believing he'd changed.  Not realizing it, though, Ruggedo began gathering an army of malcontents. [93/4]   Kaliko goes to see Ruggedo and tells him that he's walling him in, with eggs mixed into the stone so that he'll never escape.  Kaliko then goes to free the Madou, apologizing to their elder Kuromo for what the usurper Ruggedo had done and escorting them back to the surface. But he's horrified to discover what Ruggedo did to the Scarecrow. 


Since the Madou's home in Sidia is uninhabitable, both Kaliko and the Tin Woodman offer them a new home in their domains.  They choose to travel to the Winkie Country and head there, and Kuromo dissolves their former oasis.  Passing through the invisible barrier, they come upon the Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion, who Dorothy assures them won't harm them.  The Wizard is dismayed at the loss of the Scarecrow and concerned about the detachment that the Tin Woodman is experiencing.  Dorothy explains that she doesn't think the Madou are fairies or desert sprites, as the Wizard suggests, just "people who fly around and do magic."  Kuromo explains that while they will do no magic while in Oz, they cannot settle in Oz as magic is integral to their way of life.  He also feels the deathlessness of Oz would mean stagnation for the Madou (he also believes that no one is born in Oz).  So, they will create another oasis in the desert.  Some of the chickens offer to join them there. 


Kukoro then brings his father over to see the Woozy.  Kuromo asks the Woozy what he is and where he comes from, but the Woozy can't answer the latter question because he doesn't remember.  Kuromo, of course, remembers him, as he was around when he'd been created, and is glad to know the Woozy's happy.  The Woozy tells him the only thing that upsets him is the word "Krizzle Kroo," which Kuromo recognizes as the spoken part of a spell that temporarily stops living creatures in their tracks.  He'd used the word many times to keep the Woozy from eating their honeybees.  Once out of earshot, Kuromo explains to his son that he didn't tell the Woozy his true origins because learning he was a failed creation whose purpose it was to eat bugs would make him unhappy.  He reasons that his creator must have flown him over the desert and removed his memories of Sidia.


As the Madou and some chickens stay behind to prepare their oasis in the desert, the rest of the party move towards the Emerald City.  The Tin Woodman takes the Scarecrow's empty head sack out of the place where his heart had been, and tells him to give him a fitting memorial.  When asked how he's doing, he says he's glad Ruggedo burned his heart first.  Claiming to feel tired, he goes off to his castle. 


At the Emerald City, the Wizard meets up with Glinda and Ozma, and shows them the Scarecrow's head sack.  He tells them he thinks together they can save him.  Glinda inquires how, and he explains that the Scarecrow remembers being alive prior to the creation of his body (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz).  He also knows that the "brains" he gave him weren't anything magical, just bran and pins and needles.  With Kokoro's help, they begin the process up in the Wizard's tower room.  Scraps, meanwhile, anxiously awaits outside.


By dawn, they've accomplish their goals and the Scarecrow comes walking out with them in a new suit of Munchkin clothes.  He is glad to see everyone, but admits that he feels unsettled, as if he's not all there.  After several days at his corn mansion, the Scarecrow still feels off and hasn't visited the Tin Woodman.  Scraps confronts him in his cornfield, and he tells her that Ruggedo burned his brains, so he can't think anymore.  She tells him that the Wizard was no wizard back then, and that he was already smart before he mt him, to which the Scarecrow replies that others have told him that, but he knows different.  He also knows the Wizard can't give him new brains because he would already have done so.  Feeling he's lost his intelligence and wisdom and that he'd make for bad company, he has to come to terms with his new situation.  Scraps storms off furious and frustrated.


She heads to the Tin Woodman's castle, hoping he can knock some sense into the Scarecrow, but the Tin Woodman has locked himself in the throne room and dismissed all his staff, save two guards who've disobeyed his orders.  Going into the garden she climbs up the trellis and, breaking the window with a rake, enters the castle, only to discover that Nick has rusted solid.  Calling one of the guards to bring an oil can, they get him moving again.  He's surprised to discover the Scarecrow is alive and that the bit he brought back was enough, but he understands his dilemma.  He believes he feels no love now that he has no heart.  Scraps is incredulous and tries to point out how all of his actions, including crying himself into a rusted state, prove that he doesn't need a fake heart inside him to love because he already loves.  When he says he intends to respect the Scarecrow's wishes and leave him be, Scraps says that she will say there night and day trying to cheer him up until he comes with her.  And with that threat, he gets up.  Several hours later, he's ready to depart, but he refuses to be polished, insisting that his rusty exterior doesn't matter because he's empty inside.


Upon reaching the Corn Mansion, the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman embrace heartily.  They determine that they're no worse off than they were before they met the Wizard, but wonder if they can ever really be happy again.  Still, the Scarecrow tells him to stay at his castle while he attempts to learn to be a farmer.  Scraps hopes they'll soon be their old selves again, but days later they're still morose.  She leaves to go to the Emerald City, where she bursts into the throne room and announces to Ozma that the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman are broken.  She explains what happened and what their attitudes have been like.  The Wizard says he can't do anything magical, as that could be unethical and it might change their personalities.  They simply have to learn to accept themselves as the Lion has.  Ozma agrees, but Scraps is incensed.  Dorothy comes up with an idea, however, and discussed it privately with Ozma and Oscar.  When they emerge, they send the Soldier with the Green Whiskers to fetch the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman.  The Scarecrow and Tin Woodman are surprised to see the Soldier with the Green Whiskers, and his gun loaded with new flowers.  Although Nick wishes to polish himself before he goes, Omby insists they come immediately. 


Once in the throne room later that night, Ozma commends them for having sacrificed themselves for Oz and to keep the Belt out of Ruggedo's hands, and for saving the Madou people.  She concludes that it's not right that they should suffer as a result.  So, she wishes on the Magic Belt that the Scarecrow be restored to who he was before he entered the Nome tunnels.  Instantly the Scarecrow looks and feels like his old self.  As midnight hits shortly after, she makes the same wish for the Tin Woodman.  Suddenly he is polished and can feel his heart beating inside him.


Although everyone is overjoyed, the Wizard is sullen and says to them that they still underestimate themselves and he wonders that once they figure out if they'll forgive him.  But they misunderstand him.  Scraps later confronts the Wizard about not telling them the truth, but he explains that they wouldn't believe him if he did, and that their faith is stronger than the things they have faith in.  Even after they've exposed the Wizard as a humbug they wanted the things they believed they were missing.  Scraps hates it when stupid things like that make sense, but says she'll keep his secret to keep them happy.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Dating this story is based upon as assortment of evidence: On p 117, it's noted that they'd worked with the Three Adepts (from Glinda of Oz), which places this story squarely after Baum's tenure.  In The Royal Book of Oz, the Cowardly Lion says he's never known the Scarecrow to worry, and as he worries a great deal in this story it must take place after.  The Invisible Barrier is cast around Oz at this time.  It was erected in 1905, but removed at the end of that year.  It was then restored in 1943, indicating a later date for this story despite the Wizard saying the law prohibiting magic was cast recently [p106], with "recently" having to be understood in a relative sense (as in the last 50 years).  That the Wizard works in his tower room, something that hadn't been mentioned until Neill's books, also indicates a post-Thompson era placement for this story.  What seems to argue against that is page 75, where it says of Ruggedo, "Though he had twice lost all his magical knowledge when his memory had been erased by the Water of Oblivion... his old personality had reasserted itself both times."  Due to the prior and following evidence, this authorial line has to be interpreted to mean not that he drank the Water of Oblivion two times only, but that he twice lost his magical knowledge due to the Water of Oblivion. Thompson's Kabumpo in Oz precludes any major events from occurring in Ruggedo's history prior to that story, as Ruggedo scrupulously lists his prior history.  His appearance in The Gnome King of Oz also precludes any in-between adventures, as he's still exiled on Runaway Island and has been there since the end of Kabumpo in Oz.  So this story must be after those books, as well.  And at the end of The Gnome King of Oz, he's given the Water of Oblivion again for the third time.  Because A Refugee in Oz can't take place prior to these stories, the text must be interpreted to mean that Ruggedo lost his magical abilities to the Waters of Oblivion twice, not that he only drank of it twice, which works from a textual perspective.  The Royal Timeline of Oz currently places it in 1944.


Deadly Desert: The existence of oases upon the Deadly Desert was established in The Shaggy Man of Oz (page 199) and The Forbidden Fountain of Oz.


Ruggedo: The narrative doesn't address the question of how Ruggedo had escaped his enchanted cactus form, which allows The Royal Timeline of Oz to find an appropriate placement for it.  The preceding story involving Ruggedo, The Raggedys of Oz, shows that Ruggedo was pardoned and went back to live in Ev.  In this tale, Kaliko says that Ruggedo asked him if he could live again in the Nome country, which Kaliko (believing he repented) allowed.  The ending of this story leaves Ruggedo walled in by eggs.  It is unlikely that Ozma agreed to allow the Nome to be tortured and she likely restored him to his cactus form, potentially leading right into the events of The Medicine Man of Oz


The Tin Woodman: The first celebration of the Tin-Woodman's re-birthday (of his being fully made into the Tin Woodsman, not Nick Chopper's original b-day) is marked here.  The first birthday celebration of the Scarecrow takes place in The Red Jinn in Oz.


The Woozy:  The true origin of the Woozy is presented here.  While there is a seeming contradiction with "The Woozy's Tale," the text notes that the truth was kept from the Woozy, as it's feared that it would be too painful for him to bear.  Thus, he comes to believe the lie that the wizard Krizzle Kroo tells him of his origins in that story.  That the word "Krizzle Kroo" is the spoken part of a spell that stops creatures in their tracks is no contradiction to a magician who might have named himself after the very spell. 






The Medicine Man of Oz


History: Initially pulled from publication due to the inadvertent use of a copyrighted character (Herby the Medicine Man) and the Baum Trust's insistence that the phrase, "Founded on and Continuing the Famous Oz Stories" not be used without their permission (despite the fact that practically every modern Oz book contains those lines), this book was reissued in 2008 by a private publisher. 


Story: In the city of Windairy, on Mount Airy, west of Pumperdink in the Gillikin Country, live 647 people ruled by King Gustav and Queen Airleen.  The country produces flags, banners and kites, the flying of which is their favorite pastime.  The royal couple are content, but their daughters, Princess Zephyr and Princess Breezette, who are neither the pretties or pleasantest girls, are upset that they can't find husbands because their home is so remote and unknown.  Captain Blues, the Prime Ministers, gets the idea to bring fame to himself and Windairy by packaging winds and breezes that they can distribute throughout Oz.  As they aren't allowed to practice magic, and don't have any anway, Bluster determines to go to the Emerald City to ask Ozma and the Wizard to assist them.  Though Queen Airleen doesn't care for the idea, King Gustav gives him leave.


Herby the Medicine Man and the Wogglebug, meanwhile, depart from the Royal College of Atheltic Arts, discussing Herby's remedies, which alleviate bad temper, boredom, rudeness and fatigue.  Herby remembers that he needs new roots and herbs and heads to the palace to inform Ozma that he'll be making a trip into the Gillikin Country to collect more.  Trot asks to go with him, as does Scraps.  Since there's a "Beautiful Baby" contest going on in the Emerald City, the Hungry Tiger (who doesn't want to be tempted), asks to go as well.  Herby is happy to have the company, and Ozma also requests that he go to the old cottage of Tattypoo and bring back any magical items that might have been left behind when she was disenchanted.


In the morning, with a bottle of the Wizard's Wishing Pills and Square Meal Tablets, the party head off atop the Hungry Tiger's back.  By afternoon they pass by an old, seemingly abandoned farmhouse.  A voice calls out to leave him alone or they'll be sorry, but Trot insists, and the farmer opens his door.  A gruff and grim-looking man answers, and Trot, Herby and Tige all notice that they feel a lot grumpier.  The farmer explains that it's the curse.  He had let himself become so negative and complaining that his wife and neighbors started to catch his condition every time they were near him.  So they exiled him and he's lived alone ever since.  Scraps tries to cheer him up, but to no avail, so Herby gives him a pill for aggravation.  It does the trick!  Overjoyed, the farmer invites them in for supper and a good night's rest, and makes preparations to return to his wife and village. 


In the morning, Herby points out that much of the cure came from the farmer's desire to get better.  By afternoon, they enter a forest and take a path that leads them to Masquerville.  A red-clad man in a blonde wig answers the knock, declaring that while Scraps can enter the others can't unless they're in costume.  As Trot persists, however, he ushers them in town and to a giant wardrobe, urging them to change and not forget their masks.  So Trot dresses as Cinderella at the ball, and the Hungry Tiger as the Cowardly Lion and Scraps as a ghost.  At the chiming of a bell, all of the town comes out, dozens upon dozens dressed in all manner of costumers.  One of them spots Herby's wig and takes it for his costume, leaving Herby bald.  Trot thinks it's cute that they spend every day like Halloween at a masquerade ball, but when the people think that Scraps' patchwork outfit and the Hungry Tiger's skin are costumes, and wish to add them to their wardrobe, things get dangerous.  As the wardrobe mistress attacks Scraps with her shears to get the outfit off her, the Hungry Tiger roars a terrible roar, sending all the Masquers away, and allowing the four to continue their journey.


Bluster, meanwhile, makes if down the mountain on his way to the Emerald City.  He stops off an empty cottage to rest and find food, and there discovers the magical items of Tattypoo, for it's her cottage.  Although he can't read any of her potions or magic book, he fills his basket with all of her magic apparati.  Bluster then begins to envision himself as a powerful Wizard ruling over the Gillikin Country and Oz.


At that moment, Herby and his party arrive and Bluster sneaks out the back door.  The party search the house but find nothing, except the old container that Herby had been imprisoned in for many years.  He explains that he'd been brewing a kettle of herbs and elixers outside his own home when Mombi came by.  She informed him that she'd be taking his kettle, but when he refused, she pushed him in it, adn with his own bottling powder, which he used for easy transportation and storage, she liquefied him and poured him in a bottle which she then brought to her hut.  When Tattypoo defeated her she took the bottle to her cottage, not realizing that someone was inside it.  "So much of old Mombi's mischief was never discovered," said Herby.


Trot's grateful there's nothing dangerous yet, remembering the trouble that Ruggedo had brought on them.  Herby's glad he's a cactus, but admits he'd have destroyed him after his last attempt to conquer Oz.  As the Ozites settle in for the night, Blusterwhose overheard their conversationdecides to wait in hiding until they're asleep.  As soon as Scraps goes off exploring, he sneaks back into the house and steals the bottle of Wishing Pills that Herby put on the counter.


In the morning, after they've left, Bluster uses a wishing pill to get a hearty breakfast.  He then determines that he needs someone who understands magic to assist him in his new plans, and remembers Ruggedo.  With another wishing pill he restores and transports him to the cottage, where he informs the overjoyed nome of all that's transpired.  Ruggedo inquires how he was released and where the wishing pills are.  Bluster is reluctant to tell him, but after the nome seduces him with tales of wealth and riches and power, he offers it to him.  Ruggedo explains that he'll render the Magic Picture and Great Book of Records useless.  Then he'll wish the Magic Belt back in his possession.   Ruggedo doesn't mention that after he's in power, he intends to do away with Bluster.  With three wishing pills, everything he said comes to pass, and all of the Emerald City's precious magical items are in their hut.

At the Emerald City, Ozma and Dorothy discover that the Magic Picture isn't working.  The Wizard also discovers his black bag missing.  Ozma soon discovers that all of the magic treasures are missing.  So, together they head for Glinda's palace.  Glinda, however, is dismayed at her Book of Records, which is only recording gibberish.  She too discovers that her magical implements are missing.  They consider who might have committed such an act, but they know that Ugu is a now a harmless dove and that Ruggedo is a cactus.  So the three magic users retire to construct some new tools to help them.

Leading his friends towards his old hut, Herby tells Trot that he was a native of the Winkie Country who moved north because it had a better selection of herbs and roots.  Then, suddenly, Scraps vanishes.  And a sand trap opens up under the Hungry Tiger, swallowing him in as Herby clings to his neck and Trot holds on to Herby's waist.  Sliding down an incline they shoot into a cavern, where they find Scraps and a dozen tunnels leading in different directions.  Herby goes to grab and wishing pill, only to discover the bottle isn't there.  Trot selects a large road at random and they proceed.  But they are soon halted by the approach of giant ants.  Antrillo, Captain of the Ant Guard, proclaims them prisoners of Queen Anthria, the ruler of Anteria.  Unaware of who Ozma is, they serve only their queen who requires additional slaves. 

Brought into a large chamber with hundreds of ants, the party meet the queen. Trot tells her to let them go, as they are all subjects of Ozma, but Queen Anthria tells her that she doesn't know of their existence.  They had once been an ordinary colony until Mombi cast a spell over them, causing them to grow.  With them she'd intended to march upon the Good Witch of the North.  When she vanished, they built their underground labyrinth, emerging only to collect sugar cane which grows in a nearby field.  This is to be the job of her new slaves.  The Hungry Tiger is to drive her chariot, Herby will collect and transport the sugar, Trot will process it, and Scraps will serve as a mop.  They are put in a prison where after some hours they fall asleep.

The next morning, Ruggedo turns Glinda, Ozma the Wizard and all the residents of the palace into cacti in the Royal Conservatory.  Ruggedo then uses the Belt to transport them to the Emerald City.  After visiting the Conservatory and gloating, Ruggedo transports a few thousand nomes to the Emerald City, along with Kaliko, who he makes his chief stewart again after taking his crown.

Herby, meanwhile, comes up with a plan to escape the lair of the giant ants.  Burning his wig, he sets fire to the sugar cane.  Giving pills to those who can swallow prevents them from suffering smoke inhalation as they lead Scraps out in the ensuing chaos.  They emerge once on the surface of the Gillikin forest.  Trot hopes the fire didn't spread or hurt the ants, and determines to tell Ozma to shrink them back.  But as they try to figure out which way to the Emerald City, Trot, Scraps and the Hungry Tiger disappear!  Herby searches unsuccessfully for them, unaware that all of the palace residents have been turned into cacti, a fate he was spared because he doesn't live in the palace (but in a shop in the emerald city). 

After traveling for a time and getting nowhere, Herby stops to rest and is greeted by a hawk who tells him the Emerald City was overrun by nomes and that Ozma and the court have vanished.  Realizing what happened to his companions, Herby decides to head to his old cottage, which the Friendly Hawk helps lead him to.  There, Herby is thrilled to find, amongst other items of use, the remnants of his liquefying formula in a bottle that Mombi didn't take.

In the morning, the Friendly Hawk returns to lead Herby to the Emerald City and gives him the idea of putting the liquefying solution in Ruggedo's bath water.  After a long walk, Herby rests for the evening.

The next morning, Herby wakes up early and goes ahead, but he gets ensnared by a sentient moss that drops down from the trees and enchases him.  It pulls him up the tree and leaves him dangling.  The hawk comes along and Herby cries out for help.  Seeing that Herby got trapped in the Mossy Glen, the hawk departs and returns with others who pull Herby free of the clinging moss.  The hawk tells him that while the moss is generally dormant, it becomes active after rainfall in the dawn hours. 

As they near the city, the Guardian of the Gates and a large group of other Emerald City residents approach Herby who greets them and tells them his plan. 

Now two days after Ruggedo conquered the Emerald City, he promotes Captain Bluster to General, and tells him he wants him to lead the army of nomes through Oz, forcing everyone to accept his rule or become a cactus, after which he intends to conquer Ev.  Ruggedo also announces that in two days time he will marry Ozma after he waters her cactus with water from the Fountain of Oblivion.  Bluster listens to all of this in horror, bitterly regretting all he'd done since leaving Windairy.  The Friendly Hawk, however, has overheard the conversation and reports it to Herby and the others that he thinks Bluster can be made an ally. 

That night, he flies to Bluster's window and tells him that he'll be given a reprieve if he helps overthrow Ruggedo.  Bluster agrees, but is unsure how to help.  But when Kaliko enters the room, the hawk sees a way, and has Bluster bring him before him.  Kaliko is relieved to know there is hope and the hawk explains their plan of getting Ruggedo to take a bath.  Kaliko knows this is something he rarely does, but thinks that with the upcoming wedding, he can convince him.  The hawk leaves and returns later that night with Herby's bottle of liquefaction, which he gives to Kaliko with instructions to place it in his bath water.

The next day, the palace is bustling with preparations for Ruggedo's coronation and wedding.  Kaliko then suggests that Ruggedo look his best, get a haircut, trim and take a bath.  Ruggedo agrees that for Ozma he should look his best.  Kaliko prepares his bath and empties the contents of the magic elixir into the tub.  When Ruggedo enters it, he shrieks as his body dissolves into a grey liquid.  Kaliko and Bluster rejoice and follow the hawk's instructions to pour the liquid into a kettle, boil it down and place it in a bottle, which they put along with the Magic Belt into a safe. 

The next morning, Herby and the Friendly Hawk arrive to undo the damage Ruggedo did.  Kaliko tells Bluster he forgives Bluster his mistake and apologizes to Herby for the damage his nomes did.  With the Magic Belt, Herby sends all the nomes and Kaliko back to their underground home in Ev.  He then restores the city to its former glory and the citizens to their homes.  Finally, he disenchantes the palace residents from their cacti forms.  Ozma is apprised of the situation and restores the magical appliances Ruggedo tampered with.  She tells Bluster that he'll drink a drop of water from the Fountain of Oblivion and give him some of Herby's discontent-relief pills.  Bluster concedes.  She then thanks the Friendly Hawk and Herby and prepares a banquet in their honor.  The bottled liquid that is Ruggedo she pours into the ground.

The next day, Ozma has the Wizard deal with the giants ants and gifts Windairy with the ability to box the winds, which brings them much fame.  Herby is no longer court physician, but the Royal Medicine Man of Oz.

Continuity notes:

Beautiful Baby Contest: The existence of such a contest indicates that, in fact, babies do continue to be born in Oz.  An argument can be made to the effect that these babies are decades (if not centuries) old, though this seems unlikely aging still occurs in Oz, but can be halted at any age if one so chooses.


Dating: No year is indicated in the text, but the dating can be narrowed.  Ozma's concern over the magical items left behind in Tattypoo's hut indicates that this story likely doesn't take place eighty years after those events, as the Royal Timeline has originally placed it.  Nor can it take place too close to that time either, as the residents of Windairy know of Tattypoo from an Oz history book.  Reasoning that Ozma would not want Ruggedo to be tortured, the Royal Timeline of Oz now places it right after the events of A Refugee in Oz.


Giant Ants: Though both stories were written independent of the knowledge of the other, the adventure with the giant ants is reminiscent of the adventure with the bees and queen bee in The Wicked Witch of Oz.


Ruggedo: An untold event must occur following this one regarding Ruggedo's fate.  Herby's "bottling formula" liquefied Ruggedo, who was then poured out by Ozma. Since Ruggedo reappears in later stories, he was clearly released from the liquid-form, and it may be that the effects were temporary (Ruggedo is a rock-fairy).  It's also possible that the potion (which was very old) had a less-than-permanent effect, or that the effect of Ozma pouring it out led to the immediate reconstitution of Ruggedo in his original form.







Adolf Hitler in Oz

History: Originally self-published without illustrations, this book was later revised to fit with continuity, and expanded to include illustrations by artist Patricio Carbajal.  A trade paperback, deluxe hardcover (with exclusive cover and several color interior illustrations) and limited edition deluxe version (with extra illustration) was produced by The Royal Publisher of Oz


Story: At the end of World War II, after marrying his love Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler fakes his suicide and enters what he believes is a time machine, constructed by Professor Oberfurth.  But the machine instead transports him to a lake in Oogaboo, which has recently relocated to the Gillikin Country.  Hitler is saved from the machine by Stan and Ollie, residents of Oogaboo, who happen along.  They bring him to Queen Ann, where Hitler learns some of the history of the land, which he has trouble believing. 


Determining to conquer Oz, he convinces Ann to abdicate, and with the help of Stan and Ollie begins recruiting forces.  The first comes from a town of runners to the north called Runnymead.  He secures their loyalty by beating them in a race, in which he uses a bicycle (which they'd never seen) and cheating.  Watching him in the Magic Picture, Ozma, the Wizard, Dorothy and the Scarecrow grow concerned as he starts making speeches about the rights of the "meat people" who've been pushed aside by non-meat beings.


Discovering the existence of the Winged Monkeys, Hitler manages to secure the Magic Cap from their king, and begins by ordering them to Oogaboo, where he has the women donating canisters which he'll use to drop bombs.  He travels to Himm's Mines, but Himm insists on getting to know him better before giving him any blasting powder.  After tricking him as well, Hitler secures it, and then heads to a northern volcano where he convinces the Red Hot Mana, the Queen of Flame City, to produce munitions for him.


Armed with his Panzer division of Runners and Luftwaffe of Winged Monkeys he begins the march south through the Munchkin Country and down the Yellow Brick Road to the Emerald City.  Along the way, he meets General Jinjur, who feigns joining him, but secretly communicates with Ozma.  At the Emerald City, Dorothy grows increasingly worried, particularly when Ozma declares that she's going to let things play out and not use magic, except to save people.  Dorothy doesn't understand this stance, but Ozma, having been recently to the Fairy Conclave in Burzee (The Magical Mimics of Oz), is convinced that she has abused her powers in the past and won't do so again.


When Hitler fails to take into account a magical device in his power, his plans start to go awry, and he ends up in the Emerald City.  His rage is magically removed by Ozma and he is sent to Tollydiggle's prison.  There, he is shocked to learn that he will not be tortured, and that the prison is a kind of reform system intended to make him a functioning and morally strong adult.  He escapes and starts to make trouble, until the Cowardly Lion returns him.  He is also shocked that everyone in the city is motivated by love of one another and not money or power.  He balks at Tollydiggle's methods and leaves again.  This time, he encounter a young artist who he relates to.  But unable to keep his boorishness in check, he offends the young man and finds himself alone.  Finally, he returns to Tollydiggle's where he has dreams and visions of the people he killed, as well as his former beloved Geli, who reprove him for the cruel and vicious being he had been.  Terrified and fearing he may, in fact, have been a monster, he seeks Tollydiggle's aid.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story has a cardinal date of May 1945, the day after Hitler committed suicide (which in this account is revealed to have been faked).


The Golden Cap: Following the events of this story, the King of the Winged Monkeys secretly returned the Golden Cap to Glinda for safekeeping, a secret that only the two of them, the Scarecrow and Ozma knew about, but which was revealed to Dorothy, Omby Amby, the Tin Woodman and the Sawhorse in The Winged Monkeys of Oz.


Jo Files, Queen Ann and Ozga: Ozga's "death" is predicated on what happened to the former ruler of the Rose Kingdom, who also withered and died, and had to be replanted.  Unbeknownst to the residents of Oogaboo, however, when Ozga "died," they believed that because she was essentially a living rosebush that she actually died.  Jo Files then remarried to his friend and comforter Queen Ann and had two children with her, Raspy and Letty.  It is they who discovered Ozga growing in their yard.  Her return to life was honored by Queen Ann, who relinquished her claim on Files, and the three remain good friends.


Jo Names: The 2014 revised edition explains how the old tradition of naming children by their product has become less common over the years, particularly as immigrants from other areas in Oz have come to settle there.


The Musket-Tree: The 2014 revised edition includes reference to the musket (or gun) tree that Baum first mentioned in Tik-Tok of Oz.  Why Hitler doesn't access weapons from this tree is detailed in this story, and relates to the tree's guardianship by Jo Musket, first mentioned in Queen Ann in Oz, who doesn't trust him and won't allow him access to it.  This also explains why Hitler is unable to get a larger following from the people of Oogaboo.


Oogaboo: The 2014 revised edition explains that because Queen Ann wanted to travel, but her people didn't want her to go without them, Ozma agreed to temporarily move Oogaboo to the Gillikin Country.  This is told in greater detail in The 2014 Ozmapolitan.


Salye Soforth: Queen Ann's sister Salye is only mentioned in the story, and doesn't appear because she's "fallen in love with a Winkie farmer."  What becomes of that romance is not known.


The Scarecrow: As first revealed in "The Ghee-Wizard's Revenge" (now expanded into The Wizards of Silver and Gold in Oz), King Cheeriobed and his family are on an extended holiday of the fairylands outside Oz, and have left the Scarecrow to rule in their stead.








The Tales of Yot

History: The Tales of Yot book reprints each of the short stories that appeared with the Empty-Grave Retrofit versions of The Silver Princess of Oz, The Magical Mimics of Oz and The Shaggy Man of Oz.  These are all interconnected stories, tied into the titles they were first published with, as well as with each other, and the upcoming novella Asper and the Unheard Heroes in Oz.


Gludwig and the Red Hair

Story: Jinnicky's servant Gludwig gains consciousness while still a statue, and can remember nothing after having put on a red wig he found.  So, he thinks back to the beginning, the creation of himself and his brother Glubdo by Jinnicky, his introduction to life and work in the mines by the slave Pepper (Ginger's giant brother and slave to a giant silver bell), and the continued creation of gravel men like himself to further expand Jinnicky's kingdom. 


One day Gludwig discovers a strange red gem.  He seeks to show it to Jinnicky, but after his mine collapses from an earthquake, presumably killing Pepper, he decides to wait until the next day to show it to him.  When he returns to his room, he discovers that the gem has grown into something else.  The mysterious red gem has become a red wig.  When Gludwig examines it, it induces him to put it on, at which point, it takes over.  Gludwig begins to feel resentment towards Jinnicky and plots to revolt against the Red Jinn. 


Now that he has figured out what happened to him, and while still in statue form, two other gravel men appear and throw raw rubies at his head, breaking off a piece of the bronzed wig, which releases red spores into the air!


Continuity notes:

Dating: The earliest flashback is to the time shortly after Jinnicky built his Red Castle in Ev.  This likely goes back to the late 1700s, after Jinnicky's trained under Glinda ("Glinda and the Red Jinn," Oziana 1977).  The majority of the story takes place shortly before The Silver Princess of Oz to shortly afterwards, where the frame story occurs.


Ginger: The story provides a twin brother for Ginger, Pepper, who was created as a giant and served a giant dinner bell.  This interpretation of Ginger is consistent with what the character says in this story that he is "the best part of Jinnicky's magic."  While this might appear to conflict with the Oziana 2001 story, "Dearest Mother: The Last Letters of the Slave of the Magic Dinner Bell," in fact, Jinnicky's gravel men are given families, e.g., Gludwig's brother Glubdo, and it makes sense that Jinnicky gave them gravel mothers so that they would have a family of their own.


Gludwig: As with all of Jinnicky's slaves/servants, Gludwig is retconned to have been a magically-created gravel man, which the Red Jinn discovered one day whilst mining for the red rubies he used to construct his palace.  Gludwig's motivation for having revolted against Jinnicky and for his subsequent evil actions are explains as having come from the parasitic, sentient spore that infected a red wig that he was drawn to put on. 



Tote's Blemished Blossom

Story: When the red pollen that had infected Gludwig's wig makes it's way into the nose of Ozana on Story Blossom Mountain, she sneezes it upon one of her story flowers, an oleander, making it shrivel up.  Ozana calls over Dolly to ask if she's ever seen it shrivel up before telling its story, but she hasn't.  So she tells her to keep an eye on this one that she buries in case of disease.


That night, Dolly sneaks up to Ozana's window, where she's propped up a wooden boy she carved, and watches to see exactly how the fairy brings to life the Pinefolk people she creates.  But the cat Felina startles her and she misses the details, so she brings her lifeless doll, Tote, into the woods and buries him.


The next day, she notices a hideous blossom growing up where Ozana buried the oleander.  It doesn't tell stories, so she digs it up, thinking to show Princess Ozana, but she instead plants it where she buried Tote.  Later that night, Tote comes to life.  He discovers that a parasitic flower had dug its way inside him.  He pots the uprooted plant that Dolly had buried and falls in love with it. 


The next morning he names it Yottabacquerel, which he shortens to Yot.  Coming to the edge of the mountain he sees a Pineville girl, but she's horrified by his appearance and pushes him off the cliff.  He doesn't understand quite what's happened as he has trouble hearing (Dolly only carved a small hole in his head).  As he comes to, he has a vision of a giant Yot speaking to him, but he suddenly sees an ex-lumberjack Raynaud Whitefinger standing over him.  The man is also a little deaf, but he too has heard the plant say something.  Whitefinger tells him that he was born in Razington, a moving village of metal homes and saws that cut down trees and forests.  When he decided he didn't want to cut trees anymore, he says behind. 


Tote and Whitefinger determine to find a way to better hear Yot and become obsessed with the idea, devising various tools, and eventually determining that the best way would be to put him in a cave.  En route to find one, they pass by an enormous hole in the ground, alongside of which they meet Glucas, Trader of the Holes, a ridiculously dressed salesmen with strange junk for sale.  Whitefinger prevents Glucas from charming Tote into buying anything, but when Glucas sees the wooden boy eating a berry, he warns him that they're muffleberries, and tells him a tale of Timmy who was so lost in his daydreams he fell down a hole into a cave where he discovered the muffleberries.  There he stated, ate berries and daydreamed.  But the more he hate, the larger his head grew and the louder his thoughts became until he could no longer think or remember anything at all, and there he was stuck forever.  Whitefinger tells him that Tote's head hasn't grown at all, and Glucas concludes that because he's wooden he might be immune.  Tote promises to eat no more berries.


Continuing their search for a cave, Whitefinger discovers that Tote's been sneaking off at night, eating muffleberries and trying to hear Yot speak.  The wooden boy apologizes, but Whitefinger discovers something.  He later returns to explain that the muffleberries create a dome of quiet around Tote that dampens outside noise.  So, they continue this approach in their camp, until one day Whitefinger, in horror, notices that Tote's hand has become invisible.  He determines to stop the experiment entirely, and pleads with the boy to stop eating the berries, but to no avail.  Deciding he must part company with his only he friend, he fails to notice that Tote has figured out a way to distill the berries, thinking this will allow him to finally hear Yot.  So, excusing himself to go to the bathroom, he takes his concoction, but it makes him disappear entirely. 


Whitefinger searches desperately for the wooden boy, but can't find him anywhere.  Now, the dome of quiet has covered the entire forest, but when attempting to hear Yot, he can still hear other animal sounds and noises.  Determining to destroy the plant, he begins to break off roots when he accidentally steps in a burrow and falls on a whistle he's kept in his pocket.  Blowing it, he finds out that, although silent to him, it frightens away all the animals.  This gives him an idea, and he goes through the forest scaring away all the animals.  Returning to Yot, he sits down to listen, and finally hears words.  The plant says: "I sure hope you have a pen or pencil."


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place over the course of weeks, possibly months, beginning prior to the events of The Magical Mimics of Oz.


Prequel: Although the events look at the life of Ozana and Dolly prior to their adventures in The Magical Mimics of Oz, it follows more directly on the events that led to "Gludwig and the Red Hair," and leads into the events of "Ruprecht the Castaway King," which takes place three years later and explains what's transpired in that time since the events of this story.


Ruprecht the Castaway King

Story: In Ev, A clumsy and irresponsible beaver named Ruprecht departs the company of his fellow beavers when he fells an unauthorized tree, killing the beaver Fritz in the process.  He runs off and finds himself in Mufflewood Forest, where he is chased by a naked old man (Whitefinger from "Tote's Blemished Blossom") blowing a whistle and wielding a bath brush, and runs into his library to hide.  There he finds a lifeless doll and an ugly plant.  When the man finds him, he runs off again, this time plunging, along with his pursuer, off a cliff and into a river that gets swallowed up into a black hole.  The old man is nowhere to be found, so Ruprecht heads off and finds himself in a clearing with a giant mass of animals. 


A moose sends him to where the woodchucks are, and the woodchuck Mirt tells him that they're all part of Story Time now, ever since the man and the wooden boy moved into Mufflewood Forest.  They created the hush in the forest.  Although the wooden boy's no longer alive, the man figured out a way to hear the plant talk.  So every seventeen days, he kicks all the animals out of the forest with his whistle, and then takes a bath to clean out his hears.  Then it's Story Time, and he writes down everything the plant has to tell him.  He's got a whole library of books now that no one's read.  When Story Time's over all the animals return to their homes in the forest.  Ruprecht doesn't understand, but a stampede of animals sends him rolling along north and desperately in search of water to drink.  He comes upon what he thinks is a lake, but it appears to be a mirage. 


In the morning, however, he discovers it's no mirage, but a floating cloud called Sky Lake, above which lies a city.  From it comes balls of water, being ridden on by giant beetles called whirligigs.  Desperate for water, he dives into one of these flying balls and gets soaked.  The name of the Water Rider is Gyrin.  The beetle explains to him that they ride the balls of water from Muddy-Yah, the Great Tree, where they live, to the Shaded Wastes, to relieve it of being parched.  The only problem is that once they deposit the water, the beetles fly off, and have just enough energy to fly back.  Gyrin cannot do anything to help Ruprecht from being stranded.  Hungry now and desperate, he knocks Gyrin off the water-ball, causing the beetle's wing to break as he falls. 


He rides the water-ball back to the Great Tree, but discovers he can't eat of its bark, as it makes him sick.  So, he fashions a fake magic wand and prepares to be a fairy beaver whose come to release them from the oppression of work.  The whirligigs listen to him despite the protests of the few who saw what he did to Gyrin.  They also attribute the mysterious quaking of the earth to his magic, and follow him.  But as they pass the Shaded Wastes, the beetle Dryblin tells him they're wearing down and can fly no longer, so Ruprecht brings them down.  To his horror, he discovers that the whirligigs cannot eat normal tree leaves, which are poison, only the leaves from the Great Tree.  As they beg him to use his magic, they start to die.  Remorseful for what he's done, he wishes they'd all be beavers instead.


With that, the whirligigs come to life as beavers and he becomes the king of the fairy beavers.  He teaches them how to swim and behave like beavers, and leads them to the pristine forest led by the ancient tree Medeah.  Seeing the destruction of her trees, she retreats deep into Deep-Root to meditate and make plans.


Continuity notes:

Dating: This story takes place a few years prior to The Shaggy Man of Oz, but also years after "Tote's Blemished Blossom."  There is not enough time for Whitefinger to have naturally grown to an old man in between stories, but this may be attributed to other causes.


Fairy Beaver King: This story explains how there are two Fairy Beaver Kings, the first one and his people, which live in the Island of Mifkets in John Dough and the Cherub, and the one that appears in The Shaggy Man of Oz, which the Shaggy Man and his party meet.  This story ties into the forthcoming Asper and the Unheard Heroes in Oz.









The Shaggy Man of Oz


38th book of the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five!


History: The final book-length Oz story from Jack Snow, who went on to pen the Ozian dictionary Who's Who in Oz and the short story, "A Murder in Oz."  His next Oz manuscript, Over the Rainbow to Oz was likely only partly-completed and subsequently lost after Snow's death.  This is also the last Oz book Frank Kramer illustrated.  Eric Shanower's sequel novella, Abby, clarifies or adds detail to some of the events in this story.


Story: In their home in Buffalo, New York, twins Tom and his sister Twink go to watch Buffalo Bill on their projection screen television that their scientist father built.  But during the show, the picture shifts to reflect a beautiful vista with a castle.  Most surprising still, their favorite wooden doll Twoffle is in the midst of the scene!  Twoffle invites them to enter the picture quickly while Conjo can still keep it open, but the kids approach it with trepidation.  A gust of wind pushes them through, however, and they realize there's magic at work.  The doll explains that he's not their doll Twoffle, but his cousin Twiffle.  They are on the Isle of the wizard Conjo, who lives in the castle towards which they head.


In Oz, Omby Amby rushes to tell Ozma that the Love Magnet fell and broke.  Ozma had kept the Love Magnet at the gate of the city so that all who enter might be loving and loved (she also altered its power so that it must be displayed by its wielder).  Omby goes off to summon the Shaggy Man, who brought the magical object to Oz.  [Professor Wogglebug wrote a book called Chronicles of the Land of Oz]  He's sad to see it broken, and asks if Ozma can repair it, but according to her research only the person who made it can repair it, and that is the wizard Conjo, whose island is in the Nonestic.


The Shaggy Man thinks he should pay Conjo a visit, though Ozma feels he may not want to repair the Love Magnet.  Looking in on him in the Magic Picture, they see Tom and Twink, and Ozma instructs Shaggy to see that they're returned home or to Oz.  She cannot wish him back with the Magic Belt as she is heading to Glinda's for a few weeks to work on magic charms that require the Belt, but gives him a magic compass that will take him anywhere in Oz he wishes to go. 


With the power of the Belt, Shaggy arrives on Conjo's Isle.  Twink recognizes him at once from his pictures in the Oz books.  Since he also has business with Conjo, Twiffle invites him to join them.  The twins explain that their real names are Abbadiah and Zebbidiah, but were nicknamed Tom and Twink.  Entering Conjo's castle, they find numerous magical potions and appliances.  Conjo is asleep snoring.  When he awakens, he greets Tom and Twink who he knows since he's been sending Twiffle to visit Twoffle, but he wonders who the Shaggy Man is.  Shaggy explains that he's from the Land of Oz.  The fat bald wizard is familiar with it, and explains that he gave his creation the Love Magnet to a person who when he sailed off encountered a whale who loved him so much he swallowed him.  Uncertain of the veracity of this story, Shaggy counters that the boat must have washed ashore since the Love Magnet came to an Eskimo who gave it to him, an untruth he initially told years ago (The Road to Oz).


Shaggy explains that the Love Magnet is broken and since Conjo is its creator, he would like for him to repair it.  Conjo agrees on the condition that Shaggy give him the Magic Compass.  Shaggy refuses, arguing that he's not be able to return to Oz without it, but Conjo tells him he can sail across, and takes him up an elevator to the roof of the tower, showing him his Airmobile, which flies by means of gravity resistor plates.  After dinner, Conjo retires to examine the Love Magnet and his guests retire to bed.  Several hours later Shaggy awakens to find the Love Magnet in his pocket, repaired, and the Magic Compass gone.  Shaggy attempts to fall back asleep, but has a nightmare of Conjo transforming the children into dolls.  He wakes up to the sound of Twiffle trying to arouse him from sleep. 


Twiffle leads Shaggy and the children to the roof and into the Airmobile, from which they take off.  He explains that Conjo planned to drug Tom and Twink so that they'd forget their past and stay on the island.  Conjo doesn't care for people, and brought Twiffle to life to have someone to brag to, but lately he's grown restless.  The Airmobile will take them to the edge of the Deadly Desert, he explains, but will not penetrate the Barrier of Invisibility.  Yet the Shaggy Man recalls that others have crossed it before. 


They pass into the Land of Ev, and see before them a village in the sky called Hightown, 15,000 feet above the ground (which they later discover is quite off), with a population of 522.  As they fly above the city in the sky, the Airmobile ceases to function, and they're approached by a crowd of very tall and thin men, women, children and dogs.  The Lord Mayor of Hightown explains to them that they should remove their ship by pushing it over the edge, where there is gravity, and are safe to walk in the four square acres of air in Hightown like they are.  But fearing the airmobile will fall off the edge, Twiffle adjusts the gravity plates too much, so that when they push it off the edge, it shoots up high into the sky above them and is soon lost to sight. 


The travelers soon learn to walk on air, but when they explain that they must go to the Land of Oz, the Lord Mayor cannot understand why anyone would want to leave the exalted Hightown to go crawling around on the earth like worms, believing that once they've grown accustomed to their lofty ways, they'll want to stay.  He brings them to his air castle, which is similar to everyone else's, and shows them a plant that predicts the kind of wind and clouds they'll have on a given day.  The mayor's wife provides them with fresh fruit and offers them a place to sleep for the siesta, or the front porch if they don't wish to nap.  Choosing the latter, they're soon approached by a brown wren which tells them that if they don't wish to stay they should swim down the air to the earth.  Trying it, they jump off the edge and swim down to an orchard where the Hightowners get all their fruit, a small area devoid of gravity. Soon enough, they fall to earth, where they see the most beautiful green and hilly valley they'd ever seen, upon which stands an elegant and delicate-looking castle.  Unsure of where they are, they decide to go there to ask directions to Oz. 


In the foyer stands a fountain, called a Phontain, which will carry the message of visitors to the king and queen, Rex Ticket and Regina Curtain.  After Shaggy sends a message, an entrance sign lights up leading them to a large theater where the king and queen are overseeing construction for an upcoming play.  The king explains that this is the Valley of Romance, and that Oz is quite far away.  The Lords and Ladies of the Royal Theater are the ones who construct the scenery and make the costumes, though they don't always do such a good job.  The plays run night after night, year after year, for as long as they can remember; and they have no need of any other life, since the play is a world unto itself.  They offer dinner and seats for tonight's play, but Shaggy declines and says goodbye.  As he leads his friends to depart the castle, he suddenly disappears!  Twiffle is incensed, but the king and queen tell them that they have no choice now but to stay for dinner and the play.


Lady Cue is charged with showing them to their rooms, but she is befuddled and forgetful and gets lost.  Eventually, they get a suite of rooms, and she returns a short time later, her dress on backwards, to inform them that dinner is to be served.  After dinner, they accompany the king and queen to the royal box, and actors soon appear on the stage.  The actors behave as if they're sleepwalking, the scenery and props fall apart, and the entire production is a disaster, but the Lords and Ladies are entranced as if seeing an altogether different play.  The queen declares it one of the greatest romances they'd ever staged, and the king calls it touching and beautiful.  In the last act, Shaggy appears on the stage!


Tom and Twink exclaim aloud when they see him, but he fails to respond to their calls.  The King and Queen are incensed at the outburst, and promise to make Twink into one of the performers tomorrow.  After the play, Twiffle tells them that he thinks the actors are all under some kind of enchantment.  Following him, they sneak behind the stage and there find fifty men and women, young and old, standing like statues, the Shaggy Man among them.  His suspicions confirmed, he tells them that the actors must have been visitors from other kingdoms who got ensnared by the king and king into becoming enchanted performers for the absurd theater.


The next morning, Twink is missing.  Tom is upset and angry that a place called the Valley of Romance could be so heartless as to abduct his sister.  This gives Twiffle an idea.  That night, as the same dreadful performance ensues, they wait until the end when the Shaggy Man and Twin appear in as somnolent a state as the others.  Tom then jumps on the stage and digs into Shaggy's pockets, where he pulls out the Love Magnet.  He waves it around, breaking the spell upon the actors, who awaken as if from a dream.  He also waves it before the audience, who proclaim their love for Tom.  At dinner that night, the King and Queen explain that they'd been in as much bondage as their enchanted slaves on the Stage of False Romance, for they'd replaced real love for artifice.  The king offers the former actors the opportunity to either return home or be made as the Lords and Ladies of the realm.  The theater will be turned into a Temple of Learning, where each can learn a craft or art useful or pleasurable to his fellow man.  The king offers Tom the position of king, but Tom politely declines.  Even Lady Cue is affected, and no longer befuddled, prepares for them a large basket for their journey the next day.  Promising to invite the Wogglebug to teach in their new temple, the Shaggy Man leads his party along the directions the king provided.


They stop along the way for lunch and to discuss how they'll cross the Deadly Desert, and are met by the King of the Fairy Beavers who says he'd like to visit Oz.  When Shaggy invites him along, he's thrilled and tells him he has a plan for crossing, and takes them to his palace.  The Fairy Beaver summons a boat pulled by himself and twenty beavers, and they sail downstream to a door in a stone cliff.  Inside, Beaver Land is a labyrinth of large and small tunnels inside a vast cave.  After escorting them to his grand throne room and dining area, the Beaver King waves his magic wand and conjures up a repast for his guests.  Then he relates that although they can't fly or cross the desert, they can go under it via the old tunnel of the Nome King (from The Emerald City of Oz).  The Beaver King worries about the Barrier of Invisibility, but they all agree to try in the morning.


Passing through miles of beaver burrows, the King of the Fairy Beavers leads the party, plus 20 young beavers, to the entrance of the tunnel, which intersects it about a mile from the Deadly Desert.  The tunnel is 20 feet beneath the sands, where it gets much hotter as they pass underneath it.  To their surprise they find a light coming from the roof, and before them ten beings made of fire.  The leader of the Flame Folk tells them that they must turn back, explaining that as the Dwellers of the Desert, they who live on the burning sands occasionally visit the oasis upon the desert and burn their way into the tunnel below for the coolness, so that when they return to the sands, it feels so much more pleasant by contrast.  The Shaggy Man tells them they have a fiery temper, which angers the Flame Folk who try to attack them.  The Beaver King uses his wand to cool them off and they dash back to the burning sands above.


Hours later they pass through he Barrier of Invisibility and find themselves invisible from themselves and each other, so they withdraw.  The Beaver King opens his backpack and gives Twink and the others a Cloak of Visibility, telling them that while Cloaks of Invisibility are famous in the fairylands, one that does the opposite may allow them to overcome Glinda's spell, which is weaker underground.  They successfully pass through the Barrier and trudge on for six hours before stopping for the night [it is a 12 hour journey from the edge of Oz to the Emerald City].  In the morning, the Beaver King disposes of the cloaks and in six hours they reach the cork of earth that plugs up the entrance to the garden of the palace in the Emerald City.  The young beavers chew away, exposing it, and bringing the Cowardly Lion crashing down on their heads!  After greeting Shaggy, the Lion encourages everyone to climb upon his back to get them out of the hole.  He tells Shaggy that there's been some excitement in the capital and brings them to Dorothy and the Wizard. 


After introductions, the Wizard explains to them that his Black Bag of magic has been stolen by a little man.  When he pursued him, the bag was gone, and the man locked himself in his magic tower room.  Ozma had taken the Magic Belt to visit Glinda, and the six other doors leading to the magic workshop are all protected by the Wizard's own magic, leaving them helpless for the moment.  Twiffle ascertains that it's Conjo who used the Magic Compass to bring him there.  After hearing Twiffle's story, the Wizard comes to realize that the wizard is merely selfish, lazy and vain, and asks the little clown to see if he can get Conjo to talk with them.  Surprisingly he does, explaining that now that he has all the Wizard's magic, there's no reason he shouldn't be the Wizard of Oz, and the former Wizard be his assistant.  He's tired of being a wizard of whom no one knows anything.  Dorothy warns him that Ozma will have something to say about that, but he's not worried about a little girl.  But before he can close the door, the King of the Fairy Beavers uses his wand to shoot a stream of water into Conjo's face and mouth, rendering him harmless.  The Beaver King explains that he channeled water from the Fountain of Oblivion, so that Conjo no longer remembers who he is. 


Ozma suddenly returns, glad at the outcome of events and granting the Beaver King some of the waters from the Fountain of Oblivion for use in his own kingdom.  She and Glinda had read about the recent events in her Great Book of Records.  Ozma wonders what to do with Conjo, and Twiffle volunteers to serve as a guide for him back on their small island so that he will learn to become a good wizard.  The Wizard and Shaggy Man agree with this idea, and Ozma grants him a golden ring from her finger.  Should he ever cause mischief again, Twiffle need only rub it to be transported to Ozma's presence.  After Twiffle says goodbye to all his friends, Ozma uses the Magic Belt to transport him and Conjo back to Conjo's Island. 


The rest of the day is spent showing Tom, Twink and the Beavers around Oz in the Red Wagon.  After the Love Magnet is restored to its place above the city gate, they visit Miss Cuttenclip, Professor Wogglebug in his College and the Scarecrow.  At dinner that night, they meet even more famous people (including Ozana from The Magical Mimics of Oz).  The Wizard, however, is concerned still about the loss of his Black Bag of magical tools, so they consult the Magic Picture, but it appears to show the same pastoral scene.  But Ozma figures out Conjo's trick and uses her magic to move the Black Bag from the tree in the picture and into the room.  That night, Tom and Twink tell Ozma that they must return home, so after they say goodbye to all their friends and go to sleep in one of the guest rooms in the palace, Ozma uses the Belt to send them to their own beds in Buffalo. 


Continuity notes:

Airmobile: Similar in principle to the Wizard's earlier Ozoplane (from Ozoplaning with the Wizard of Oz) and the anti-gravity vehicles of H.G. Wells 1901 novel The First Men in the Moon, Robert Cromie's 1892 novel A Plunge into Space, and Chrysostom Trueman's 1864 novel, The History of a Voyage to the Moon.  Conjo's Airmobile, however, appears to have some limitations that none of these have, including the Ozoplanes, in that it cannot cross the Deadly Desert.  Why this should be, given its anti-grav (or repulsorlift) principles, is not certain.  The ship can certainly fly high enough to avoid the fumes of the deadly sands, and is even said to go into outer space.  Twiffle cites Glinda's invisible barrier, but it doesn't make much sense that they couldn't just penetrate it, as the barrier isn't a physical one, but merely an illusory one that renders Oz invisible from those outside of its borders.  In the end, one has to chalk the little doll up to being overly cautious.


Barrier of Invisibility: A magical invisible barrier around Oz was placed by Glinda at the end of The Emerald City of Oz, but was later removed some time prior to Rinkintink in Oz.  Nathan M. DeHoff, in his Vovatia article, "Invisible Touch," notes that "neither the Wizard of Oz and Dorothy in Rinkitink nor Kiki Aru in Magic are hampered by any invisible barrier. Ruth Plumly Thompson never mentions the barrier, and in fact often hints that Ozma wants to pursue a foreign policy pretty much opposite that in Emerald City."  Phyllis Ann Karr indicates in The Gardener's Boy of Oz, that "since many of the immigrants from the outside world... had proven themselves good and valuable residents, while several of Ozma's most dangerous enemies... had been native Ozites, the little ruler had decided it was more trouble than it was worth to keep up the shield of invisibility, and had graciously permitted the history of her country to be shared with readers in the outside world..."  It is clear that the barrier has been replaced by the time of this story, though when this might have been is subject to speculation.  As stated further in Gardener's Boy, "if the whereabouts of their country were known, hordes of men and women would be coming constantly to seek them out and beg their favors; and therefore these fairies had kept their land a careful secret from the very beginning, guarding their borders jealously and exacting severe penalties for willful trespass."  Thus. it appears that an incident occurred which caused Glinda to put back the Barrier of Invisibility.  According to the Royal Timeline of Oz, that incident was the invasion of the Mimics (from The Magical Mimics of Oz), as that represents one of the few times in the then recent history of Oz in which an evil external threat succeeded in invading Oz.  Glinda not being present for that invasion may have strengthened her resolve to convince Ozma of the need to restore the invisible barrier.  The restoration of this barrier may have later caused some diplomatic issues with the neighbors they were friendly with, Ev, Ix, Noland and others, so that by the time of the Oziana 1988 story "Side View of the Nonestic Islands," all of Nonestica has an invisible barrier around it, which allows vessels such as The Crescent Moon to penetrate.


Cloaks of Visibility: Several have pointed out that there doesn't seem to be much need for these as the travelers can simply follow the tunnel wall to their destination.  Ruth Berman, on the BCF Pumperdink forum, offers other possibilities for their use: "the characters are walking through a tunnel with no side-passages, and they could simply keep a hand (or paw) on the tunnel wall and keep walking until they got past the barrier. Perhaps it would help to assert that there's some reason not to touch the tunnel wall -- maybe danger of touching an outcropping of Deadly Desert sand (and perhaps getting a serious burn, even if one doesn't assume it's as Deadly as some of the books claimed)?"  Yet, as it's revealed, there are side tunnels connecting to various other passages and realms, as discovered in Mildred Palmer's The Red Jinn in Oz.


Conjo: In the Oz-Story Magazine sequel, "Abby," Abby (Twink) describes Kramer's pictures as cartoonlike and comical, but bereft of his more realistic aspect, which was "obscenely fat and infirm with age... sparse hair greasy, his forehead eternally dewed with perspiration.  Abby had been terrified of him."  Conjo is still alive 29 years after this story, but has remained in a vegetative state since Ozma sent him back.


Conjo's Connections: Nathan M. DeHoff, on the BCF Pumperdink forum, indicates that there are some unusual connections between Conjo and Trickolas Om from Lucky Bucky in Oz that are hinted at. "Conjo's magical accessories include 'books of magic recipes and formulas--everything from changing people into door-knobs to curing headaches' [p. 50].  Considering that LUCKY BUCKY mentions Trickolas Om having turned people into doorknobs, as well as the Gabooches actually having been turned into them, it's interesting that we see this same type of transformation mentioned in SHAGGY MAN.  I don't know that Snow had read Neill's book by the time he wrote SHAGGY MAN.  From an Oz-as-history perspective, though, it's possible that Conjo had exchanged spells with Trickolas, and maybe even that he was the one who had enchanted the Gabooches.  (Along those lines, is it possible that the whale who swallowed the original owner of the Love Magnet might have been Davy Jones?  Probably not, but I did think it was interesting how many themes from LUCKY BUCKY showed up in SHAGGY MAN.)"


Dating: This story takes place over the course of six days, and has a cardinal date due to the sequel novella Abby, from Oz-Story Magazine #2, which dates their adventures in August of 1948.  The film Buffalo Bill Rides Again, which was broadcast in the U.S. on April 19, 1947 would appear to contradict this, as that is it's debut date.  However, it's never noted by Tom as being the TV debut, and was likely rerun in August.  Incidentally, Tom calls it "Chapter 4" because it's the fourth film in the Buffalo Bill series (not counting the earlier silent films, or the television series, there were Buffalo Bill, Young Buffalo Bill and Days of Buffalo Bill before this.)


Deadly Desert Inhabitants: The Flame Folk, or as they call themselves, Dwellers of the Desert, are beings of fire who live upon the burning sands of the Deadly Desert, and note the existence of an oasis, which surprises the Shaggy Man.  These are the third such beings known to inhabit the Deadly Desert after the bizarre Heelers of whom little is known (The Wonder City of Oz) and Mifkits (The Scalawagons of Oz).  A tribe of beings called the Madou live on one oasis in the Deadly Desert (A Refugee in Oz).


Fairy Beavers: The King of the Fairy Beavers and his people first appear in John Dough and the CherubRuth Berman, on the BCF Pumperdink forum, suggests that "the Fairy Beaver King's comment that he and his subjects live in a rocky spot because they are less likely to be disturbed there to imply that the beavers had in fact before lived somewhere else where they were disturbedspecifically, on the Mifket island where they appear in" that book.  However, the short story "Ruprecht the Castaway King" indicates that this Fairy Beaver is another beaver entirely, as are his beavers, an indication that the Fairy Beavers of John Dough still reside on Mifket Island.


Glinda: According to the Beaver King, "Glinda is a fairy just as Ozma is." [209]  This is new information, of which little has been said, surprisingly.  The Living House of Oz implies that she was granted eternal life from Lurline, while The Witch Queen of Oz implies that Glinda was granted powers from Enilrul's Fountain of Oblivion, the same fountain that augmented the Wicked compass witches' powers. Perhaps she was made into a fairy at that time.  Glinda is established in Oziana 2011: "The Solitary Sorceress of Oz" to have been a mortal who came from the outside world in the late 1500s (likely 1582) when she was 17. In The Winged Monkeys of Oz, however, she's also established to be the daughter of Gaylette by a father who lives in the outside world.  Gaylette is not known to be a fairy, but she may have fairy blood.  It appears there's an untold tale of Gaylette having gone to the outside world, having a child, leaving it with the father in the outside world, and then returning to Oz. This would explain, in part, why Glinda "accidentally" ended up in Oz.


The Love Magnet: Snow provides the origin story of the Love Magnet, as well as fixes a discrepancy in its earlier history.  As J.L. Bell, in the BCF Pumperdink forum, notes: "In telling the story of repairing the Love Magnet, Snow also repairs a hole in its earlier history.  In ROAD, the Love Magnet makes everyone (except the Scoodlers) fond of the Shaggy Man without him having to show it.  But it's crucial to the plot of TIK-TOK that the Love Magnet has no power over the Nomes as long as Shaggy's arms are pinioned to his sides.  Snow evidently noted the discrepancy because in SHAGGY MAN he states: 'Ozma had wisely altered the powers of the Love Magnet so that the talisman did not automatically cause the person who carried it to be loved by all he met, but must be /displayed/ by its carrier before the eyes of the person or persons whose love he wished to win.  Had the magnet been this way before, then the young woman who possessed it before the Shaggy Man wouldn't have had the problem of unwanted lovers.  She could have had her pick.'  As to why Conjo created the Love Magnet in the first place, perhaps he just wanted to be loved; is that so bad?  Yet he gave the magnet away to the 'last shipwrecked person' on his island, along with a boat--and apparently for nothing in return. (Snow adds a note of doubt to this story, however: 'The Shaggy Man wasn't sure whether the Wizard was serious.'")  The full history of the Love Magnet and how it got to the woman who got it to the Shaggy Man is told in Queen Ann in Oz.

Magic Picture: On page 250, Ozma says "the Magic Picture is my own fairy creation, and I understand its magic better than anyone else."  As Ruth Berman, in the BCF Pumperdink forum notes, this seems unlikely since when the Picture "first shows up in Ozma of Oz she doesn't seem to know much about magic (as others have commented, it is The Tin Woodman of Oz where she first is shown doing magic of her own, instead of relying on Glinda or the Magic Belt, which is definitely not her own workmanship, or the Magic Picture). I suppose it's possible that there's enough variability in working different kinds of magic to mean that Ozma could have the kinds of inexperience with magical tools shown in her early books and still be able to create the Magic Picture. (Or maybe 'my own fairy creation' should be read as meaning 'a fairy creation and belonging to me.')"  While that is a certainly a possibility, Berman also notes that the King of the Fairy Beavers has a very similar Magic Picture, which he utilizes in John Dough and the Cherub, and which he uses to keep "informed of important happenings not only in Oz but in all other parts of the world."  It is, however, unlikely that he made that one (he notes only really being good at "water magic") or a similar one for Ozma, as he's never met Ozma or been in Oz before.  As revealed in The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz, the Magic Picture is a gift from Tititi-Hoochoo given to Ozma in thanks for returning the dragon Quox unharmed.  It seems likely, therefore, that the similar one utilized by the King of the Fairy Beavers is also a gift of Tititi-Hoochoo.  That doesn't answer why Ozma claims it's "my own fairy creation" unless, in fact, it is.  In her pre-Ozma incarnation, Ozma was a fairy of Lurline's band, the same band that comes from the Land of An, which is where Tititi-Hoochoo serves as Private Citizen.  Ozma may have made the Magic Pictures before coming to Oz in 1742.  Tititi-Hoochoo would therefore be gifting Ozma with the very creation she constructed in her prior life.


Rewrite: The first thirteen chapters, about 40% of the book, was asked to be rewritten on the suggestion of Reilly & Lee editor Elizabeth Laing Stewart who felt that the story too closely hewed to the plot of Tik-Tok of Oz.  In fact, it hewed closer to John Dough and the Cherub (elements of which still remain in the rewritten version).  According to Douglas G. Green, in the Afterward of the International Wizard of Oz Club publication of the book, two fascinating chapters of this original manuscript still exist, the yet unpublished Chapter 7: "Into the Cave," which details the journey of The Ozma along the Gillikin River with the Shaggy Man, Ozma, Dorothy, the Scarecrow, Cap'n Bill, Trot, Button Bright and the Tin Woodman.  Father Goose also joins the adventurers before they go sailing through an opening in the face of a cliff.  This leads to Chapter 8: "The Crystal People," which was published in The Baum Bugle of Autumn 1967 (and reprinted in The Best of the Baum Bugle 1967-1969), in which they meet Prince Stalag and Princess Stalac, who look forward to the day they unite in nearly 350 million years when they will become the rulers of Oz.  The Ozma then enters a dark tunnel and the chapter ends.  Sadly, not much more is known apart from the surmise that the adventurers meet with further adventures underground.  Chapter 7 is currently being searched for.


Shaggy's Lie: On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Nathan M. DeHoff notes that "It's  odd that the Shaggy Man tells Conjo that he got the Magnet from an Eskimo, when we know from ROAD that that story was a lie, and Shaggy should be unable to tell a lie, having bathed in the Truth Pond.  The only plausible explanation I can think of (which might also be a possible explanation for how Button-Bright was able to lie to the Blue guard in SKY ISLAND) involves the Truth Teller from FORBIDDEN FOUNTAIN, who had also bathed in the pond.  He was able to lie, but his ears would glow green if he did.  Surely Conjo would have noticed Shaggy's ears glowing green, though, unless he did and just decided not to mention it."  Or, if he couldn't see them because of Shaggy's lengthy hair and hat.


Tom and Twink: Real names, Abbadiah and Zebbidiah, but called Abby and Tom, are twins from an upper-class family in Buffalo.  Their father is a scientist, who built one of the first projection-screen televisions.  Their later story, along with further details about their parents and adventures, is told in the Eric Shanower story "Abby: The Further Adventures of Tom and Twink" in Oz-story Magazine #2.


Twiffle and Twoffle: How exactly these wooden clown puppets are third cousins isn't entirely clear, save that Conjo brought them both to life, and they simply call themselves that.


Tunnel Under Oz: As regards the tunnel underneath Oz and the Deadly Desert, which the Nomes dug in The Emerald City of Oz, it was said that "Ozma used the Magic Belt to close up the tunnel, so that the earth underneath the desert sands became as solid as it was before the Nomes began to dig.”  However, in this story, as well as in The Red Jinn in Oz, and Ruggedo in Oz, the tunnel is still there, extending from the Emerald City to a mine in the domain of the Nomes.  It might have been left due to the fact that there are numerous underground passages beneath Oz which intersect it, as revealed in The Red Jinn in OzClosing up the tunnel would likely have impeded upon these other peaceful inhabitants who use the tunnel.  It's clear from this story that only a thick cork was sealed on the Emerald City side of the tunnel.  Ruth Berman, on the BCF Pumperdink forum, writes: "It occurs to me that Snow may have intended an explanation in having the Beaver King say that the tunnel was left open and filled in only at the endsSnow may have meant the reader to assume that the "EC" description was an error (perhaps the result of an incorrect extrapolation by Baum on the statement that Ozma closed up the tunnel."  The latter book explains that Ozma simply changed her mind.


Valley of Romance: This castle of Lords and Ladies under the rule of king and queen, Rex Ticket and Regina Curtain, is based on the Palace of Romance in John Dough and the Cherub, but is definitely a different domain and peoples.











The Tired Tailor of Oz


History: Best known for his sword & sorcery fantasies and Lovecraftian pastiches, author and editor, Lin Carter produced several short Oz stories, of which this is his first to see print.  His others were compiled in The Merry Mountaineer of Oz, also published by Tails of the Cowardly Lion & Friends.


Story: Because Jenny Jump's Style Shop has taken business away from the tailor shop, Pastoria decides to take Snip on a vacation, leaving Pajukawho doesn't enjoy travelingto watch the shop.  The pair head to the palace to invite Ozma, but as Captain Salt has claimed new islands as colonies for Oz, she has to receive them as official citizens, a task that will force her to miss King Evardo's birthday in the coming week.  The Scarecrow suggests that Pastoria and Snip vacation in Ev to represent Oz and bring a present to the king.  They like that idea and Dorothy and Pigasus agree to accompany them.


The next day Ozma sends them via Magic Belt to Ev.  The party investigate a yellow castle belonging to Wumbo the Watchman, who watches for things others are too busy to watch for.  Leaving the forest they climb up hills and crooked paths before nearly tumbling down a gulf, where Dorothy loses the Wishing Pills the Wizard had given her.  Checking on them in the Magic Picture, the Scarecrow and Wizard see that the party is lost and not in the right location.  Noting that it will take seven days to make a new batch of Wishing Pills and two days to reach Glinda's, the Wizard sends Tik-Tok with the Sawhorse to Glinda (unaware that she'd left weeks earlier for a fairy council in Burzee), while he and Number Nine go about repairing the Ambassa-door. 


The party of travelers, meanwhile, decide to look for a bridge, but Dorothy uncovers a hidden alcove in the hillside in which is stored a magic Hurry-Cane made by the Red Jinn of Ev.  With everyone holding on to each other, the Hurry-Cane propels them across the gulf.  Proceeding to the city they notice that everything is overgrown, dilapidated and empty, and they realize they're not in Evna, but the city of Evos which was deserted after King Evoldo died and the Royal Family were sold into slavery.


In the courtyard they discover the statue of a silver Pegasus.  Admiring and touching him, Dorothy wishes he were alive, and in that instant, he comes to life and thanks her, introducing himself as Skyhi, the Silver Horse of Sky City.  He explains that Sky City was once a common city before it became the Flying City of Ev when King Uppanup invented Air Rays to make the realm float, as well as Sky Hooks and Cloud Anchors to keep it in place when he wished.  So that no citizen or animal would fall, he devised wings for everyone.  The King magically created Skyhi as his steed and counselor, but Wudj the Court Wizard grew jealous, so seven months and seven days ago he cast a spell, transporting the winged horse to the deserted city of Evos as a statue, where he would have stayed had not a mortal girl from Oz touched him.  Not knowing how to return to Sky City, he gladly joins the party.  Flying up to discover their location, he sees that Evna is just west of them. 


King Uppanup, meanwhile, still mourns the loss of Skyhi.  Wudj lied and told him the flying horse departed because he coveted the throne.  Later, in secret, the wizard checks in on Skyhi only to discover him alive again and with a group of people he believes must be wizards.  With "underground magic," he sends them through the earth into a cavern deep underground.  The travelers plummet down through the earth. 


When they land, the hole above them closes, and a party of mud-men riding astride giant earthworms approach.  They're led by Unda the Grand Mudlump who takes them to see their king Duke Down, who rules the Downers of Undertown.  Placed atop the earthworms the travelers are led through caves, lakes, and across rivers of lava to Undertown.  The Duke recognizes them as "Surfacers" and orders the humans dipped in the mud pits and turned into mud-men.  He orders Skyhi melted in Fire Lake and Pigasus destroyed.  Upon hearing his wicked declaration, Skyhi has Dorothy and Pastoria mount him, while Snip mounts Pigasus, and they fly off to hide in a cave in the wall behind the firefall of Fire Lake.  There, they find the magic Es-Cape of the Red Jinn, but it only works if it's not torn, and it is.  But since Pastoria has brought along his tools of the trade, he soon mends the cape, throws it on and gathers the others.  Together they magically transport back to the forest clearing where they had been and continue on their way to Evna and the Royal Palace.  Arriving at last, they're greeted by King Evardo and his mother Queen Evraline who provide them accommodations.  She assures Skyhi that although they don't know where the Flying City currently is, the Red Jinn, whose coming to the party, will be able to help him.


The next morning, the royal birthday celebrations begin.  In attendance are the Queen of Merryland (from Dot and Tot of Merryland), Sugaree the Candy Man and the royal guard of wooden soldiers, John Dough, Chick the Cherub and Para Bruin (from John Dough and the Cherub), King Skamperoo and Chalk the Wishing Horse (from The Wishing Horse of Oz), King Dox of Foxville and King Kikabray of Dunkiton (from The Road to Oz), Queen Zixi, King Bud and Princess Fluff of Noland (from Queen Zixi of Ix), King Rinkitink, Prince Inga of Pingaree and Prince Bobo of Boboland (from Rinkitink in Oz), the Monarch of Mo (from The Magical Monarch of Mo), King Oomeron of Oom and Ruggabug the Red Lion, the rulers of the Vegetable Kingdom (from Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz), Play (from Grampa in Oz), the Rose Kingdom (from Tik-Tok of Oz), Kaliko the Nome King, the King of Menankypoo (from Pirates in Oz), Evered the Redthe Pasha of Rash (from The Hungry Tiger of Oz), the monarchs of Ashangabad (from The Gnome King of Oz), Tazander Tazander and Nikobo, as well as Alberif of Peakenspire (all from Captain Salt in Oz), King Quigeroo of Quix with King Pandy and Poso the Snow Man of Quix (potentially from The Yellow Knight of Oz), King Amaman of Am and Bella the Yellow Kitten of Am.  Dorothy tells Jinnicky of their adventures and he invites them to his castle, where he can assist them, after the celebration (he also allows Dorothy to keep the hurry-cane and es-cape).


The next day sees a grand parade, magic show, pageant and banquets.  The next morning after that, they say good by to everyone, and stop for lunch.  A shadow passes overhead and Skyhi is overjoyed to see that it is Sky City.  After everyone mounts, they fly up to it.  King Uppanup's chamberlain Hiho wakes him up to tell him that his silver horse has returned.  The king rushes out to greet Skyhi with a kiss on his nose, but upon seeing Wudj, the horse bares his teeth and charges.  But the wizard has come prepared and throws a magic globe on him, as well as on all of his companions, including the Red Jinn, freezing them in place.  He then tells King Uppanup that the horse had brought powerful wizards with him in order to depose him.  To forestall further trouble, he recommends they be cast into the sea.  The king is beset with grief and allows him to do as he pleases.  Yet, before Wudj can carry out his plan, the Wizard of Oz and Scarecrow arrive through the newly repaired ambassa-door.  Having watched their adventures in the Magic Picture, they know of Wudj's treachery and inform the king of the truth.  Out of magic globes, Wudj is forced to obey the Wizard and disenchant the frozen victims, after which the king orders him flung into the deepest, darkest dungeon.  Following a royal banquet they all go off to sleep, but Wudj, in his prison, discovers a potion of glass-acid that had been hidden in his pocket.  He uses it to burn a hole through the floor, exposing him to the air.  Spreading his wings he flies out sneaks into the castle of the Red Jinn.  Stealing into his workshop, he finds a magical device that creates giant bubbles that imprisons whatever goes inside them.  Figuring out how to use it, he creates one that traps Sky City.


The next morning, the adventures awaken to find it dark, and they soon discover that Wudj has escaped and used the Red Jinn's magic against them.  Pigasus is also missing.  The Scarecrow suggests they try the ambassa-door, but the Wizard informs him that it won't work through magical barriers.  Pigasus, however, had left earlier for a flight and returned to discover Sky City imprisoned within the giant globe.  Figuring out that Wudj must be behind it, he flies into Jinnicky's palace, where he'd been born and raised, through an open window and crashes into the surprised Wudj who falls into a cauldron of some liquid.  Tipping it over, Pigasus discovers that Wudj has been dissolved, as the potion he was brewing for the residents of Sky City was Wam the Wizard's Magic Dissolving Formula.  Going to the Magic Bubble machine, Pigasus shuts it off and frees Sky City and his friends.


After the relieved adventurers and King of Sky City express their appreciation to the flying pig, Jinnicky returns to his keep, while the king directs his flying city to the Emerald City.  There a host of characters emerge to welcome their friends home and to greet King Uppanup and Skyhi.  The party consists of Ozma, the Cowardly Lion, Hungry Tigers, Spots the Leopard (from The Hidden Valley of Oz), the Tin Woodman, Cap'n Bill, Benny the Stone Man (from The Giant Horse of Oz), Snif the Iffin (from Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz), Jack Pumpkinhead, the Soldier with the Green Whiskers, the Woozy (from The Patchwork Girl of Oz) and Captain Fyter (from Tik-Tok of Oz).  After Ozma hears their adventures, she locks up the hurry-cane and es-cape and gives a royal thanks to King Uppanup and Skyhi, inviting them to visit any time they'd like.  After saying their goodbyes, Pastoria and Snip return tired to their tailor shop to share all their adventures with Pajuka.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story takes place over the course of six days.  While the mention of Jenny Jump's "new" Style Shop appears to place this story shortly after The Wonder City of Oz in 1936, the inclusion of Spots from The Hidden Valley of Oz forces this placement after that book.


King Evardo: "Young" King Evardo is turning 60 years old at the time of this story.  It does not appear that he is married at this time, though it's possible, as Princess Fluff (who becomes his wife) is said to be at the party.  More information will be revealed about King Evardo and his wife and child in the forthcoming The Immortal Longings of Oz.


Pigasus: It's revealed here on page 53 that Pigasus was "born and raised" in the Red Jinn's palace, indicating that he was either born a winged pig, or born a normal pig and magically given wings at an early age.


Queen of Ev: For the first time, Baum's unnamed Queen of Ev (from Ozma of Oz) is here given a proper name: Evraline.  In "The Princess of Ev," her original name was Princess Bevina.  She hails from Boboland.


Thompson Pastiche: The Tired Tailor of Oz bears no small resemblance to the Oz stories of Ruth Plumly Thompson.  Not only does it reference near every Thompson book, but there are several characters and places that are reminiscent of Thompson inventions.  The Flying City of Ev is akin to Umbrella Island (from Speedy in Oz), which had also been a standard land that went floating off the coast of Ev when its ruler devised a way for the island to float by magic and mechanical means "seven years and seven months ago" (as opposed to the "seven months and seven days ago" that Wudj enchanted Skyhi).  The name Wudj sounds much like Mudge and the Kudgers, as well as Kadj the Conqueror from Pirates in Oz.  Skyhi hearkens to both Chalk (The Wishing Horse of Oz) and Thun (The Silver Princess of Oz).  Undertown and the mud-men riding giant earthworms are reminiscent of the worm-riding ruler of Subterranea and the mud people of Marshland from The Yellow Knight of Oz.  The Es-Cape (itself from Pirates in Oz) is given the same properties as the Flying Cloak of Invisibility from The Gnome King of Oz, in that it won't work if torn.


Unknown Persons and Kingdoms: There are several never-before (or since) mentioned peoples and kingdoms that are listed in this book at King Evardo's birthday party. King Oomaron of Oom appears along with Ruggabug the Red Lion.  Oom might be a reference to the Faun Tumnus's misunderstanding of Lucy's "spare room" as the Land of Spare Oom in The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe, which may be a fairy realm in Nonestica or the surrounding lands.  Ruggabug sounds like a kind of Aslan, though his name also sounds akin to Ruggedo.  There is a King Quigeroo of Quix, which may be a reference to Quix from The Yellow Knight of Oz, which was bereft a king when Speedy left them.  In that story, however, there is no King Pandy or Poso the Snow Man of Quix (though there are snow men of Isa Poso in Grampa in Oz.)  King Amaman and Bella the Yellow Kitten of Am are also new, as are Sugaree the Candy Man and the royal guard of wooden soldiers who accompany the queen of Merryland.  Ashangabad was briefly mentioned in The Gnome King of Oz, though this is the first mention of its unnamed monarch.


Wishing Pills: It takes seven days for the Wizard to make a batch of Wishing Pills.

















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