Ozzy Footnotes 9






The Sawhorse of Oz

History: Chapters 1921 of this story was first published as "The Improbable Forest" in Oziana 1973, and features artwork by Kevin Harris.  The novel was later privately printed in 1981.


Story: After taking his frustrations out on his cow, the discontented Gillikin farmer Krook discovers a magical device called a Spray Tube buried under his property.  It responds to questions by spraying the answer on a wall.  When Krook inquires how to get rich and powerful, the Spray Tube shows him a silver chest in the Tin Woodman's castle.


At the same time, the Tin Emperor's chamberlain stumbles upon the Silver Chest and brings it to the Emperor's attention. Nick puzzles as to how it got in his castle, and can't find a way to open it.  So, he sends out a call for anyone who might have knowledge of the chest's history.  Several days later, Krook arrives at the Tin Woodman's Castle, feigning to be the owner of the chest.  Nick doesn't entirely trust him.


A Winkie woman arrives at the castle and tells her emperor of a legend of a nearby lake, which emitted a deadly gas that killed people and animals.  When Lurline enchanted Oz so that no one would die, the gasses produced a different effect, shrinking people to such a tiny size they could no longer eat.  So, the fairies came and drained the lake of the gases and sealed them in a silver box, which they buried.  The shrunken people were then restored. 


A Winkie man next arrives, but he tells a different tale.  This story comes from Packer (from Button-Bright of Oz), who Nick remembers, and involves a band of trolls who once lived under the lake.  When anyone came to fish there, the trolls would eat them and laugh about it.  So disturbing was this that the farmers and their families were driven away.  The fairies heard of this and came, bringing with them a silver chest with which they put the seven trolls after flattening them.  Then they buried the chest.


A third Winkie arrives, bearing yet a different legend.  In this one, the sun would boil the ancient lake so hot that it shot boulders high into the sky.  So dangerous were they that the farmers had to move away.  The fairies heard of this and came and discovered that a chunk of liveliness was making the lake boil.  They sealed this chunk in the silver chest and buried it.


Dorothy, Toto and Betsy arrive as part of a holiday trip visiting places they know in the Winkie Country.  The Tin Woodman tells them about the silver chest and its mystery, and decides to bring it to the Emerald City to see what the Wizard might discover about it.  Krook is informed of these plans and sulkily chooses to stay behind, where he hatches his own plan.  Consulting the magic Spray Tube as to how to stop them, he's instructed to wait until a certain time.


Nick, Dorothy, Betsy, Toto and two Winkie helpers carrying the chest go off on their journey and come across a Winkie farmer who greets them and describes all the sights he's seen since he started traveling, including an ocean on the other side of the hill.  As there are no oceans in Oz, they determine he must be mistaken, but when he insists, they go to look, and there it is!  But upon further probing, they discover that it's an illusion and walk through it.  When Krook discovers the illusion didn't stop them, he angrily tries again.  Dorothy and her friends, meanwhile, recount their adventures with Wag, Peg Amy and the Forgetful Poet when a large, slavering beast appears before them.  Yet once again they probe further and discover that it's another illusion. 


After that illusion fails, Krook asks the Spray Tube how he can turn the Winkie helpers away from their task.  He's shown a tree with pink nuts on it.  He goes to the grove and eats one, stuffing his pocket with others.  But a sign there reads that the effects last for up to two days.  He doesn't read any further and departs.  With the magical help of the Spray Tube, he flies away to the location where Nick Chopper and his friends are, but once there loses all memory of who he is and why he's there.  Nick figures out he must have eaten a nut from the nut tree, which causes one to forget all his memories temporarily.


The next day, they arrive at Jack Pumpkinhead's house, which is even bigger than the last time they saw it.  Jack decides to join the party and befriends Krook.  Journeying on, they see the Scarecrow flying through the air atop Flighty the Flutterbough, who lives in a rare tree at the end of the woods where his family reside and where must return to refuel.  Nick explains the situation to his friend and the Scarecrow joins the party.  Arriving at the palace, they tell Ozma their tale, and she expresses concern about the magician whose been casting illusions and determines they must know the true story of the Silver Chest.


In the Royal Stables, meanwhile, the Sawhorse departs to the Royal Athletic College to retrieve the Wogglebug.  Back at the palace, the professor confirms there are three legends concerning the Silver Chest.  As the Wizard can't determine what's inside it, and Krook has no memory of anything before yesterday, it's decided to bring the chest to Glinda's for examination.  The travelers consist of the Sawhorse, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Dorothy, Betsy, Krook and Jack.


En route, Krook's memory returns and his wicked personality reasserts itself.  Feigning the need for water, Krook consults his Spray Tube and is given the magical words to create a whirlwind.  When he utters the magic words, the whirlwind casts the Red Wagon and its passengers into the air and way off-course, landing them in an unknown forest.  There they come upon strange signs for someone called "the Dictator," who rules a kingdom called Place.  Approaching the Dictator's castle they get arrested for not being people.  Dorothy puts up a fight, arguing that they are all people, but the non-humans are taken away.  Pal, the Dictator turns out be daft, and Dorothy, Betsy and Toto are put under guard.  While the girls talk to a maid who wishes she could leave, Krook learns from the Spray Tube that the Dictator has a Burning Glass that can penetrate even fairy silver.  Convincing a guard that he's actually on a secret mission for the Dictator, Krook sneaks into the Star Chamber, but there he discovers Pal and others deciding the fate of the non-peoples.  Pal is impressed with Krook and invites him to serve as judge.  Krook proves apathetic towards their plans to destroy Jack, Nick and the Scarecrow, and is concerned only about his plan to melt down the Silver Chest.  Pretending to admire the Burning Glass, he's allowed to hold it, and then utters a spell to make him and the Chest fly off!


The next day, Dorothy, Betsy and Toto hatch a plan to escape.  But after a valiant attempt that results in Jack losing his head and everyone getting recaptured, Nick, the Scarecrow and Jack are put inside a stockade and given the task of chopping wood.  Instead, however, Nick chops away at the stockade and they escape again, collecting the girls and Toto on their way out.


The next day they make their way to a river and follow it, wondering if Krook is the magician who sent the illusions.  When they discover to their dismay that the river runs in a circle without beginning or end, they veer away from it into a wild grassland.  There, they see signs for Doors 1 and 2.  They soon find a sliding trapdoor on the ground, where a man's head pops out.  They query him, but he explains that he doesn't know the territory, save that they'll need a grass-traversing wagon to get through the terrain.  He gives them a list of products that grow in their underground farm using the light from sunflowers.  As the girls are hungry and the list includes pumpkins, they accept the invitation to dine, and all but the Sawhorse descend down the ladder. 


The farmer shows them to the picnic area and tells them to pay the man at the door.  As "they rarely had found money in use in Oz," they have none, and the man suggests they do some light work.  So, as the girls go about gathering various fruits, nuts, vegetables and meats that grow on trees, the Scarecrow offers to work for their meals.  He's shown how to get sunlight for the sunflowers by means of sun mirrors that reflect sun from the surface.  Nick, meanwhile, carves Jack a new head from a pumpkin he picks, and brings him up to speed.


The party is then greeted by Rizipetalo, who invites them to the ranch, but there they're met by men who take Nick's axe and arrest them, explaining that the men of Place are their best customers.  Dorothy tells them they're from the Emerald City on an important mission to see Glinda, but they've never heard of her.  Rizipetalo, however, agrees to give them a chance to get away.


The next morning, they meet some of the friendly residents, but they seem clueless about matters in Oz.  Rizipetalo gives Betsy the first task.  She must empty water from a kettle with holes that are too small.  Betsy attempts several things to no avail, but then thinks to boil the water.  Completing her task, Rizipetalo agrees to free her.  Next, Jack is given a broom with splinters and told to eliminate them.  After several unsuccessful attempts, he simply throws the broom in the fire, which technically eliminates them and qualifies him to be set free.  Nick is next given an iron scoop and wooden rod which don't fit together.  He must make them do so without destroying either.  Nick figures out they'll fit if put on the opposite ends,.  Dorothy is then given a mop and told to remedy the floor spotted with a green stain.  As no amount of soap of bleach will remove the stain, she gets the idea to spread the stain so that the whole floor is green.  Finally, the Scarecrow is tasked with picking up a slippery gelatin and putting it in the cookie jar.  Several tries fail, until he thinks to put the jar over the gelatin.  With that final task complete, Rizipetalo declares they're all free and admits that he's glad of it.


The Sawhorse, meanwhile, determines to go to Glinda to get help for his friends.  Coming to a river, he inquires directions from a group of crabs, who send him to Bill the local carpenter.  Bill is impressed with the Sawhorse, as well as the Red Wagon, and agrees to build him a raft and guide him along the river to the other side.  He too has never heard of Glinda, but he proves true to his word.  The Sawhorse then enters a forest and comes across a young girl walking upon a pool of water, peeling slices off it.  Realizing she's a fairy, he leaves her and comes upon her mother, piling leaves so that she won't walk on them and burn her feet, or cover her head and put her to sleep.  She asks the Sawhorse to help her daughter Pipsy, whose a cloud sprite, as they can't leave due to the wolves that climb out of the ground.  The Sawhorse learns he's in the Impossible Forest, which explains its peculiarities.  The Cloud Sprite of the Mirror Pool hasn't heard of Glinda either, but offers him the key to a magic door that will take him anywhere he wants to go.  First, however, he must travel to the Mad Serpent, whose responsible for turning the forest against them.  Once he sees him, he must utter the magic words that will make the Serpent shrivel up and die. 


The Sawhorse runs all night, but gets nowhere until an eagle named Sharp Eye comes and explains that between the fences, the ground is a treadmill.  He knocks down the fence and races off to his destination.  He finally comes upon the coiled serpent and says the words: "Batoose Batoose," but the serpent merely yawns and introduces himself as Spud, though his real name is Etdelbtfp.  He explains that he'd had more of a temper then, and the Cloud Sprite had been a nuisance, flying all over with her pet cloud (which eventually grew up and became a thunderhead), so he confined her to the forest, made her unable to fly, and transformed the earthworms into wolves.  He also changed the leaves so that they didn't laugh as loudly at night.  The serpent agrees to leave his spot, which a volcano had thrown him to after he'd coiled around a pillar of ice, freezing him that way.  At the bottom of the hill, he discovers he can uncoil again and leads the Sawhorse back to the Impossible Forest.  They meet with the Chalk Snail who agrees to help restore the forest.  The Sawhorse then learns that he's not in Oz, but Ix.


When the Cloud Sprite arrives she pleads that the serpent break the spell.  He convinces her, however, that since she's a widow and he's really a prince they should marry.  She agrees to this, and he transforms himself back into the form of a jolly, curly-haired man.  Calling himself Eddie and the Cloud Sprite Lettie, they give the incredulous Sawhorse the key to the invisible gate, which is in an oak tree, where he can depart.  Although they invite him to the wedding, he's anxious to go, and crossing the gate, finds himself at Glinda's palace.


The other party, meanwhile, makes it to the hills, but are puzzled that the colors of the land are so variegated and that there are so many places they've not seen before.  But Jack sees a sign informing them that they're in Ix and the desert lies to the south of them.  As they ponder how to cross, the Sawhorse greets them.  The Sawhorse explains that Glinda had read of their adventures in her Great Book, and not trusting Krook, looked into him.  The Court Librarian brought her information on the Spray Tube, which is called a walpirtis, an old Ozite word for both a grapefruit from the east and a magical spray tube, of which several had been created by a magician looking to trade secrets with other magicians.  Over the years, they had all been destroyed, except the one Krook found.  When Krook departed Place, he ended up trapped in Faraway, in the Gillikin Country.  With a magic box and personal item from one of the party (Nick's oil can), Glinda sends the Sawhorse and Dorothy's group to Faraway, instructing the Sawhorse to find its rulers in the village of Remote, and convince them to release Krook and the Silver Chest into their custody. 


Passing by the town of Distant, the party come to Remote, where the election of the New Council and vote to go to war are being announced.  Dorothy and her friends find it odd that the residents all lean in a backward posture, learning later that it's so they can stay as far away from others as possible.  The herald tells them they are the most democratic republic in the world because they vote for their rulers every week.  The seventeen members of the council are at the village square, and have decided to go to war with Place so they can procure more silver chests.  Dorothy informs them that Place is in Ix and they don't have any more chests.  But the Spokesperson says they already voted that they did.  He refuses to return their Silver Chest since they voted that they're too high and remote to be part of Oz and no subject to Ozma's laws. 


Krook is caught on a tall spire and the Silver Chest sits in public view.  The Sawhorse gets an idea.  With the magic box of Glinda's, Dorothy transports the top five council members to Glinda.  When Krook sees the rest coming for him he uses the Burning Glass to get off the steeple and runs to the chest, threatening to open it.  The Scarecrow distracts him while Dorothy uses Glinda's box to send them all to her palace.  Glinda ties up Krook, while she and Dorothy counsel the council members on Ozma's wishes regarding war and justice and sends them back.  Glinda gets Krook to admit he sought to overthrow her, but she lets him know the Spray Tube was deceitful, having failed to tell him that if he'd opened the Silver Chest, he'd have been destroyed.  So, with the Burning Glass, she dissolves the walpirtis and sends the Burning Glass back to Place.


Regarding the Chest, the Scarecrow believes it contains trolls, the Tin Woodman gasses and Jack liveliness.  Glinda confirms that it once held poisonous gasses, but that magic had long ago absorbed them so that all that remains is a powerful vacuum.  She suspects that when the Tin Castle was build, someone had unearthed it and put it in the closet where they later found it.  Nick offers it to her and suggests that Krook be put in the care of a wise guardian, who can help him become a better person.  Glinda agrees to try this for a year, after which he must pass some tests.  If he fails, he'll have to drink from the Fountain of Oblivion.


Continuity notes:

Dating: The story takes place roughly over the course of a week.  There are no explicit dates, but there are clues to its dating.  It cannot take place after 1973, when three chapters of it were first published in Oziana 1973.  As it mentions Packet, the story has to take place after the events of Button Bright of Oz.  There is a seeming contradiction in that it notes (on page 55) that the Comfortable Camel is still living in the Royal Stables, which is unlikely.  The Comfortable Camel went to live with Prince Corum in The Yellow Knight of Oz, which takes place years before Button Bright of Oz.  It is an incidental mention made by the author, and thus likely a historian error.  The author might have meant the Doubtful Dromedary, who lived in the Royal Stables until the events of The Magic Cryptogram of Oz. 


Ix: The narrative describes two more locations in the little explored country of Ix, these are Place, where the Dictator rules, and the underground farm that trades with Place.  These and their connecting landscapes are both in the southern portion of Ix, not far from the Deadly Desert.


Krook: The appropriately named Krook is left off as a ward of an unnamed "wise guardian," possibly Tollydiggle.  Whether a sequel was intended to follow up his story is not known, and it is left to the reader's imagination to determine whether or not he reformed.


New Creatures: Flighty the Flutterbough is a flying branch-like creature with an anteater-like head and fern-like wings who lives with his family in a rare tree not far from Jack Pumpkinhead's home (page 53).  He's friends with the Scarecrow, who he's given a ride to.  Flutterboughs appear to be related to Needlepins (from Button Bright of Oz), though the former can fly, whereas the latter can only leap long distances.  Flutterboughs use the sap from their tree as fuel, which enables them to fly.


New Locations: Faraway in the Gillikin Country boasts at least two insular communities, Distant, which the travelers only pass by, and Remote.  In Remote, the citizens are so averse to contact that they physically lean backwards.  They also believe themselves the most democratic nation in the world because they vote for their leaders every week.  Yet, it's from the same pool of 17 politicians, all of whom blindly agree with the Spokesperson.


Tin Castle: The Tin Woodman has newly constructed a hedge maze on his property.  The discovery of the Silver Chest in his castle remained a puzzle to him until Glinda suggested it was likely dug up during the castle's construction by a worker and placed in a closet.  The construction of the Tin Castle was depicted in The Tin Castle of Oz.






Umbrella Island in Oz


History: A shortened version of this 1974 sequel to Speedy in Oz was first published in Oziana 1996.  The original version has never officially been published, though a privately printed version of it has seen print as The Collected Oz Stories of Ruth Waara, which includes Ken Cope's Oziana illustrations.  There are several differences between versions, noted in the continuity notes below, including completely different endings that the author may have provided to accommodate the shorter page length in Oziana.  A version that combines elements from both would be ideal, as there are aspects of both that would work well together.

Story: (Unpublished original version) In a small carnival in rural Michigan, John Allen Konkel plays at the Wheel of Fortune booth run by the small-time crook Ivan Montebank.  When the sheriff catches him cheating, Ivan runs and climbs atop a rope ladder he believes will lead him to the circus balloon.  It doesn't. 

Pansy the Watch Cat scolds King Sizzeroo for not paying attention and steering Umbrella Island off course in search of their American friend Speedy, but the king wonders if the boy hero even remembers them anymore.  Speedy's pet dinosaur practices catch so he can play with Speedy when he returns, and Princess Reeda, nicknamed Gureeda, also awaits his return, a point that Pansy teases her about.  Sizzeroo, however, is not happy at the prospect of his daughter growing up and getting married.  Seizing on this concern, Kachewka, the Prime Peer suggests they examine Wogglebug's Royal Book for a more suitable match for the princess. 

Suddenly, it's announced that someone is climbing the ladder and they all go out to greet Speedy, only it's not him, but the gaudily dressed Ivan.  Ivan quickly gets over the shock of a flying island and a cat who speaks as politely as the humans.  He announces himself as the King of the United States, but is disputed by Pansy who remembers what Speedy told her of that country.  Ivan counters that it's a recent development of the last two years.  Kachewka, thrilled at the prospect of the princess marrying royalty, invites Ivan to dine with them, and explains to him about their island, Speedy and Terrybubble.  The Wizard Waddy, flattered by Ivan, shows him him his magical implements.  When his back is turned, Ivan steals a potion of Agree Filtre that will make the drinker obey his slightest wish.

John Allen, in the meantime, thinks Ivan has gone into a UFO, and finds his parents and sister Lynn, whose acquired a new pet, a chameleon she named Pickle.  When he explains what he saw, his mother jokes that it might be Umbrella Island, which she read about in a book when she was younger.  But when they reach home, the ladder passes by.  Pickle hops on it, followed by Lynn and John before it passes out of the reach of their home. 

When they reach the top, a giant dinosaur skeleton comes bounding at them.  Spotting nearby baseballs, John throws them at the dinosaur who catches them and throws them back before grabbing up the boy, exclaiming how happy he is to see him again.  But when he looks closer at him, he realizes it's not Speedy.  Terrybubble then spots the chameleon, who he calls his cousin, and Pickle explains that he belongs to the girl and that her brother is ok.  Johnny explains that the person who ascended before them is a crook, but when Terrybubble tells him he claimed to be the king and is at a banquet, Johnny insists on warning them.  But they arrive too late, as they've all drank from the elixer that Ivan stole and snuck into their coffee.  They believe Ivan's story that he's from a rival political party, and have them locked up in the tower along with Terrybubble who the wizard Waddy sprayed with DDTeethless to make him weak.

John and Lynn's parents, meanwhile, try to follow the ladder to no avail, and go to the police and reporters, who print the story.  This brings Speedy, who read the article, to their door.  They're incredulous but glad that someone's helping them.  Speedy doesn't understand why King Sizzeroo doesn't just send the kids back.  He fashions a sign that requests Ozma to bring him to Oz, and within moments is gone.

John, Lynn and Terrybubble form a plan, meanwhile, to send Pickle to Waddy, thinking that of all of them, he might be the most helpful, but he's soon thrown into prison as well.  He explains that he discovered Ivan had stolen his potion of Agree Filtre, used it on Sizzeroo and the Princess, and lied about being king, but suspecting he knew the truth, Ivan used the DDTeethless against him.  Waddy suggests they send Pickle instead to Pansy, whose the smartest being on Umbrella Island after him.  Pickle seems unsure about talking to a cat, but goes anyway.  Pansy, however, chases him under the throne.

In the Emerald City, while Ozma's visiting Glinda, Dorothy asks the Magic Picture to show her all of her old friends; after Pompa and Peg in Pumperdink, Tatters and Urtha in Ragbad, Captain Salt on the Nonestic, and Peter in Philadelphia, it  reaches Speedy, who is in the home of the Konkels with a sign that asks to come back to Oz.  Dorothy gets the Magic Belt and wishes him there.  Speedy explains about needing to retrieve the children from Umbrella Island, and with the Magic Belt they appear before King Sizzeroo.  But still under Ivan's spell, he orders them imprisoned.  Doroth attempts to use the Belt to get them all to Oz, but it fails to work.  In prison, Dorothy tells her tale, but Johnny points out that she's not wearing the Belt, and Dorothy thinks its getting temperamental. 

Pickle, meanwhile, had gotten through to Pansy, and climbing upon her back and changing color so as to be unnoticeable, they prepare to head to Waddy's workshop.  But just then Ivan and Kachewka come in and they listen in the shadows as Ivan discusses the idea of forcing Ozma's hand in marriage instead of Gureeda and ruling Oz.  Racing up to the wizard's tower, they attempt to take the items Waddy recommened, but they are far too big.  Instead, they grab some sleeping powder, a small horn and chunk of wax and race to the prison.

Lynn is glad to see Pickle alive and well, and they present their items, which John takes.  Just then Ivan and Kachewka come up to the prison and informs them that he will not allow Ozma to discover Dorothy's whereabouts, as he intends to make her non-existant with a potion of Waddy's that turns iron in wax.  Once Dorothy has been transformed, he will melt her down to nothing.  The potion only affects iron, but, alarmed, Johnny takes the horn and blows upon it.  The magic horn summons witches from far and near, and when one inquires what is going on, Johnny asks that they get rid of Ivan.  The witch replies that they are not genies and cannot be commanded.  Ivan attempts to get them on his side, but they'll have no part in it.  Instead, they determine to take for themselves two servants, and choose Johnny and Speedy, and fly off with them.

Disappointed, Ivan goes to speak to Gureeda to get information about Oz, but she tells him that it would take seven months to tell him all there is to now, but she mentions that she, Terrybubble and Speedy appear in the book Speedy in Oz.  He explains to her that he cannot have Dorothy be seen by Ozma, and she suggests simply putting Dorothy in a dark room; this way the Magic Picture cannot identify where she is.  As he goes off to prepare a dark room, the Agree Filtre begins to wear off (it is obsolete magic which only lasts 12 hours), Gureeda begins to recall that she is not engaged to Ivan, nor should her father have imprisoned their friends and guests.  She goes to see if Ivan's memory has improved, but seeing that she's no longer under the spell, he sprays the DDTeethless at her and drags her up to the prison, where he discovers to his dismay that the prisoners are gone!

John Allen, meanwhile, despite being whisked away upon a witch's broom, enjoys his flight over Oz as Speedy points out the sights of Baffleburg and Glinda's castle.  Johnny asks his witch if she'll be landing nearby, but she tells him that the law of Oz prevents her from practicing magic, and she must fly the statutory three miles above land.  She flies them past the Munchkin Country over the Deadly Desert to a cornfield in Ev, near Menankypoo.  The witches explain that it is broom corn and they need servants to plow and weed the fields.  The witch Cinderbutton affixes cow shoes upon their feet, which due to the cattle guards, will prevent them escaping the cornfields.

Speedy and Johnny are forced to work all day, although the grows already roasted and when the stalks are broken off, provide lemonade, and one kind of corn grows ears of unpopped popcorn, which Johnny puts in his pocket.  At the sound of the cowbell, they are sent to the barn, where they help feed the hungry cows alfalfa and hay.  Cinderbutton tells them they must milk the cows, and one of them tells Johnny how to do that.  The Hereford cow gives forth chocolate milk, cheering Johnny considerably.  The boys wonder how they can escape.  The cows know a way, but would rather they milk them than Cinderbutton.  But Johnny promises to tell Ozma of their plight, so the cows tell them that the witches' brooms are kept in the corn crib at night.  Another cow warns them that the door is squeeky and the witches are light sleepers.  Jonnny then remembers the sleeping powder he has, and after ascertaining that the witches drink the milk from the cows, pours it into the milk.  Tired from the day, he soon falls asleep, but Speedy wakes him up at 3AM. 

They find the brooms where the cows said they would, and remembering how the witches flew them, succeed in attaining flight.  Speedy thinks they should head to Glinda's, and tells Johnny that he'd been thinking about marriage lately and had wanted to see Gureeda.  En route, a group of carnivorous bats flies out from near the land of the Nomes, but Johnny remembers that the wax they'd gotten from Waddy's workshop can make brooms fly faster [how he knows this is uncertain, but Waddy must have told him earlier while in prison].  By sunrise, they reach Glinda's castle, but Umbrella Island has descended upon her gardens nearby.  Unsure if this is good or bad news, they enter the throne room.

Earlier, Lynn had figured out that when Ivan sprayed the potion at Dorothy, it hit some of the iron bars of their prison, and Lynn pulls them apart.  Though they can't get Terrybubble out, they escape.  Waddy gets Dorothy and Lynn umbrellas in preparation for jumping off when they near land.  Just then Ivan appears and Pansy and the girls jump, but Waddy tackles Ivan to stop him from catching them.  Still weak from the DDTeethless, however, Waddy is caught, and Ivan orders him to steer the island towards the Tin Woodman's castle where the girls are floating down towards.  Waddy steers the island instead to Glinda's, so Ivan throws him into the dark room with Gureeda.

Ivan had intended to go to Glinda's anyway, and armed with Waddy's Agree Filtre and DDTeethless, he and the re-spelled King Sizzeroo wake up Glinda and Ozma at dawn with a story about a threat to Umbrella Island.  Once Sizzeroo slips, however, and mentions that Ivan is king of the United States, Ozma tells Glinda to get her magic, but too late, as Ivan sprays them both with DDTeethless.  After Ozma refuses to concede to his wish to marry him, he storms off to find Glinda's room of magic, promising to destroy all her friends starting with her.  Just then, John and Speedy burst into the room, but Ivan returns with a magic ruby that turns enemies into jewels.  Johnny throws the kernels of corn at Ivan, and they begin to pop.  Speedy pins him down as Glinda summons her palace guards to tie him up.  Glinda then summons Dorothy, Lynn, Pickle, Pansy, Waddy, Gureeda and Terrybubble to the throne room, and Ozma declares that since Ivan wanted to be a king, he'll become a king in a chess set.  Gureeda feels embarrassed, but she and her father are assured that they were under her spell.  Speedy proposes and the princess answers yes.  Next, Ozma thanks Lynn and gives John a medal for Bravery Before Magic.  He requests that the cows be taken from the witches to live with someone who treats them better, and Ozma transports them to Umbrella Island.  Next he requests the cow shoes be taken off their feet.  Finally, he requests that he and Lynn be sent home.  Ozma deals with Pickle, as well, allowing him to talk in the outside world at need.

Continuity notes:

Bamboula: The Royal Su-Jester doesn't appear in the unpublished version, but has a few lines of dialogue in the Oziana version.

Cinderbutton and the witches: Cinderbutton the Witch is first mentioned in Pirates in Oz as the daughter of Kadj the Conqueror of Menankypoo.  In the unpublished version of this story, there is no Cinderbutton or summoning of the witches, who are cut out of the part of the story when John uses the magic horn to bring them to their prison.  In that original version Cinderbutton and another witch take John and Speedy to slave for them on their farm in Ev, and with the help of their cows and the magic sleeping powder, the boys escape the witches on their brooms and fly off.  They encounter carnivorous bats, for which they use the magic wax to speed up the brooms and head to Glinda's where Umbrella Island has gone.  In the published version, Ivan and Kachewka are put to sleep by Pickle, which throws the magic sleeping powder at them, allowing them to use the magic wax to squeeze out of the prison bars.  Thus, they all escape Ivan and jump off Umbrella Island together.  Instead of John throwing the witches' popcorn at Ivan, Pickle leaps at his face, which earns himnot Johnthe medal of Bravery Before Magic.

Dating: This story takes place over the course of two days.  The year is more difficult to ascertain if one goes by the published version in Oziana 1996, as the author (or whoever edited this version) includes late date references to Watergate [12, 16] and Skylab [9], references that would place the story at the earliest in the summer of 1973.  There is also mention of having watched the MGM Wizard of Oz on television a few times, the earliest date of which would be 1961.  Contrary to these indications is the fact that the original does not include these references and that Speedy is not a 64 year old man.  Conversely, both versions indicate that Gureeda is now 18 [Oziana, 6], which implies that a minimum of eight years has passed since Speedy was last on Umbrella Island (which was in 1922), but if the Umbrella Islanders are like Ozites, they'd be able to remain the same age for years, so it may have been longer.  As Terrybubble hasn't seen Speedy since the events of Speedy in Oz, it's clear that he hasn't made an unrecorded stop in Oz in-between these two stories.  One indication of the date is noted by the protagonist John Allen Konkel who mentions UFOs, a term that the Michigan newspaper prints when the parents report him missing.  The acronym UFO did not come into use until 1953, however, and a placement this late would, however, indicate that Speedy was 44 (he was born in 1909).  Speedy notes, in the unpublished version, that he'd recently been thinking of marrying and wanted to see Gureeda.  Perhaps, a better indicator of date comes from this story's sequel, The Magic Cryptogram of Oz, which indicates that it's been 40 years since the Comfortable Camel and Doubtful Dromedary lost their caravan and Karawn Bashi, an event that occurred just prior to Kabumpo in Oz in 1910.  This gives us a definitive date of 1949 for this story (which takes place a year prior to The Magic Cryptogram of Oz) and makes Speedy 40 years old.

DDTeethless: A pun on DDT, the carcinogenic insecticide manufactured by Monsanto and 14 other companies.  Banned in 1974 thanks in large part to Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring, which exposed the chemical's toxicity and danger to wildlife, the environment and humans.  It was first synthesized in 1874 and described in 1929.  The published Oziana version includes an additional line of dialogue from Waddy, telling Terrybubble that his DDTeethless is "temporary and not really dangerous to your health."

Ivan Montebank: Ivan returns again in Waara's sequel The Magic Cryptogram of Oz.

Allen John Konkel: In the published Oziana version, the young protagonist is named John Concel, nicknamed Johnny.  In the unpublished version it is John Allen Konkel, nicknamed Johnny, and sometimes referred to as Allen John.  He is based on the real Allen John Konkel, as is Lynn Konkel, both of whom were the grandchildren of Ruth Waara.  They return in The Magic Cryptogram of Oz.

Lynn Konkel: In the published Oziana version, Lynn does not go to Oz with her brother and pet lizard. 

Magic Belt: In the published version, the failure of the Magic Belt when Dorothy is in King Sizzeroo's throne room is attributed to it becoming temperamental "in its old age," whereas in the published version it's explicit that Dorothy didn't fasten the clasp properly or the wind blew it off, as it appears on the floor before the Magic Picture.  In both cases it's noted that the Belt never failed her before.

Magic wax: It is not clear in the unpublished version how John knows the magic wax speeds up broomsticks, as Waddy only tells it to Ivan.  It's possible he informed him in the jail cell.  In the published Oziana version, which cuts out the witch scenes, Waddy tells John in the cell it helps things glide smoothly.

Pansy and Pickle: The Watch Cat of Umbrella Island and chameleon are noted in the published Oziana version to have used a shortcut to get to Waddy's tower, which better explains how they get past Ivan and Kachewka.  At the end of the published version, Pickle is claimed by Speedy and Gureeda, who wish to keep him with his "cousin" Terrybubble.  In the unpublished version, Pickle claims Lynn as his mistress and doesn't wish to be parted from her.  Ozma allows him the power of speech in the outside world.

Speedy: In the published Oziana version, it's explicitly noted by Ozma that Speedy intends to make Oz home (this is only implied in the unpublished version).  Furthermore, King Sizzeroo says he intends to step down and turn Umbrella Island over to them.








The Magic Cryptogram of Oz


History: This sequel to Umbrella Island in Oz is one of three unpublished manuscripts by Ruth Waara, which have been privately printed by an unknown source as The Collected Oz Stories of Ruth Waara.


Story: Secondhand shop owner Old Gregory goes to see Ozma to get a king chesspiece missing from his set.  She gives him the red king chesspiece that is the transformed villain Ivan (from Umbrella Island in Oz).  Gregory sells the set to Baron Belfaygor for a hundred gold pieces on the premise that they were all once real people. The baron and his wife Shirley Sunshine are in the Emerald City to meet with Ozma  to present their son Giles, whose about to become a knight.  Requesting that Ozma give their son a task, Ozma sends him to make peace between the Hoppers and Horners.

At home at their castle, preparations are underway for Giles' knighthood.  Sir Tristram, the most famous knight in the Land of the Barons (having killed 97 dragons and rescued 139 maidens from towers), instructs Giles to take a ritual bath and kneel all night in his armor, meditating upon the symbolism of the arms and armor, e.g., chivalry and justice.  Belfaygor determines to stay up all night as well, and examines his chess set, playing the pieces against each other.  Upon using the red king, however, it suddenly comes to life and begins to grow.  The baron feeds him and asks what he wishes to do, but not remembering who he is, he agrees to play chess with the Baron. 

Soon, though, the red king recovers his memory and recalls that he had determined to conquer Oz and still wishes to do so.  Ascertaining from the baron that he's a loyal subject of Ozma, he tries a different approach. Using the same words the baron had used to break the spell over him, he begins telling each of his white pieces: "Your move now," which brings them to life!  While the human pieces grow to human size, the rooks intertwine and begin growing to castle size.  The baron rushes off to warn everyone, but Ivan has his white knight stop him. All of the baron's subjects, except Giles, are buried in bricks, and though no one in Oz can die, they are rendered unconscious.  Catching sight of the young Giles, the knights pursue him, but he evades capture in a cave near the ruins of his former home.

At Lynn's sixth birthday party, meanwhile, Lynn and John pull on a third chicken wishbone, and making a wish, find themselves, along with all of Lynn's birthday presents, in the Winkie country of Oz.  Putting her gifts in a basket, they head over to a signpost and encounter an out-of-work magician begging for alms. He explains that he was a real magician in one of Ev's small countries when the king and queen, bishops and knights were enchanted, leaving only the princess to rule.  The magician had offered to marry her and rule as king by her side, but she refused. So he attempted to turn her into a goldfish.  She escaped anyway, but his crystal ball told him that the one way to get her back would be to capture a girl named Lynn, which the magician knows from her basket is her, who will restore her with the magic V.  As she begins to run away, the magician's beard shoots out and grabs her, holding her in place.  Not sure what to do, Johnny declares that he won't leave her side.  The magician doesn't care.

The next day Giles leaves his hiding place, and a frog follows him.  The frog introduces herself as Amphibia and points out a piece of paper on the ground, which she retrieves for Giles.  When the sentries catch site of him, the frog leads him to a cottage where the mistress of the house disguises him as her husband.  The knights and pawns warn the woman that King Ivan has decreed that her husband must harvest her hay immediately or be evicted.  After they leave, Giles offers to cut it for her.

The next day after the grateful woman makes him breakfast Giles and Amphibia head off to the Emerald City, where Amphibia, having lost her memory, thinks she may have been born.

The bearded magician, meanwhile, explains that the crystal ball's message was that Lynn would break the magic V with the "son of the beard," which he assumes must be him.  After stopping for lunch at a bacon bean bush, the magician takes a nap.  Lynn tells her brother that the beard is like having a snake coiled around her, which gives John an idea.  He plays a music box, one of Lynn's gifts.  The beard begins to dance and sway to the rhythm, allowing Lynn to get free.  The siblings run but soon after losing the magician, a lightning storm arises, causing the flying pig Pigasus to come crashing to the ground.

Giles and Amphibius, meanwhile, run into the Doubtful Dromedary, whose depressed because he thinks he's not needed and that no one notices him.  He's searching for a new Karwan Bashi (master), as he'd lost the last one forty years prior.  Moved by his loneliness, Giles promises to be his new Karwan Bashi, and he nicknames him Doubty. 

The next morning Giles looks at the paper and finds that it's instructions are in an unknown tongue, but they reveal how to restore the black chessmen to their board.  He realizes this is the way to defeat the white knights.  They next move into a swamp, but a giant alligator attacks them, forcing Giles to defeat the creature.

Lynn, meanwhile, finds out from a bird that her Reynolds aluminum pan triggers a chemical reaction in Oz plants so that whatever she puts on her pan will turn into something edible.  The experiment works and after John and Pigasus eat, they set off for the Emerald City.  Pigasus tells the kids that he'd been spending time with Captain Salt and the crew of the Crescent Moon, reporting their discoveries to Ozma.  He was heading to the Emerald City when the lightning storm broke.  John and Lynn tell him they're trying to go there too, and Pigasus offers to fly them taking turns.  But after a time, they discover they went the wrong way into the Quadling Country.  Just then a tree snatches Lynn off Pigasus's back, claiming he needs Lynn to incubate a cowbird's eggs, John to dig for worms and Pigasus to fly them up to Lynn to feed the babies when they hatch.

Ivan, meanwhile, discovers from his new knights that they had once been real people who lived in Ev, and fought with the royal surveyors over a strip of land. One day, the white king laid a trap for his enemies, but he fell into it instead and was lost down the deep chasm (which is why there was no white king in the chess set), while the other king asked his magician to do something about his enemies, although without harming them.  So while they were engaged in battle, he turned all of them into chess pieces.  The surveyors became the black army and they can only be disenchanted from their spell by a true knight who first passes certain tests, as laid out in the instructions that were included in the chess set. 

Ivan questions Belfaygor about Oz's defense, but the Baron refuses to help, so Ivan puts him back in the dungeon, and declares he'll attack at night and marry Ozma. But the white queen protests that she must marry him if he intends to use her army.  But he craftily explains that her husband may yet be alive, and that she'll be given Glinda's castle after they've conquered Oz.  She capitulates.

Giles, Amphibia and Doubty run into Johnny, Lynn and Pigasus, and after explaining the situation, Giles determines to help them.  Giles and John attack the tree's roots, allowing Pigasus to snatch back Lynn.  When the tree accuses them of not caring about the cowbird eggs, Lynn offers her stuffed rabbit to keep the eggs warn, and Pigasus tells the tree that he can feed the babies himself with the nest of carpenter ants he has on one of his limbs.  The tree agrees and the party depart.

En route, they look at the instructions and notice asterisks have appeared before certain numbers. John concludes that it's a kind of cryptogram, and Amphibia figures out that the asterisks mark deeds he's accomplished.

Ozma, meanwhile, sends Scraps and the Woozy by means of Magic Belt, to resolve the dispute between the Hoppers and Horners.  They discover that the Horners have a new chief who imprisoned Dicksey and the former chief.  That new chief is the white king.  He'd fallen through the chasm into the realm of the Nomes who'd imprisoned him for years and put him to work on a radium mine, where he eventually found a passageway that led to the underground kingdom of the Horners.  Imprisoning the pair, the white king is unaware that Giles and his party are heading that way.  Upon learning the situation from the Hoppers, Giles challenges the white king to a duel.  The pair fight until Giles gets the upper hand and forces the king to yield.  Scraps, Woozy, Dicksey and the Chief Horner are released from prison.  Together they figure out that Ivan is leading his white knights, and although the white king wishes his people back, they keep him in prison.

The next day they head to the Emerald City.  As Lynn notes how useful her birthday presents have proven to be, the large party enter a foggy valley.  They travel upstream, but when the fog lifts they find themselves at the ivory castle and in sight of the magician.  Upon seeing Amphibia, the magician grabs her with his beard and she remembers that she is really Princess Phillia, who years earlier he had turned not into a fish, but a frog.  She also recognizes the white castle as that of her father's enemy, the white king.  The magician warns her that unless Lynn capitulates, she will remain a frog.  But Scraps recognizes that the "son of a beard" that the crystal ball referred to is not the magician, but Belfaygor, who had a beard, and his son Giles.  John then realizes he knows what the magic V is.  It's the wishbone that brought them to Oz.  With it they disenchant Amphibia back into Princess Phillia.

After Pigasus does reconnaissance of the ivory castle, they all go in and free Belfaygor, who tells them Ivan's gone off to conquer the Emerald City.  The party then figure out the Magic Cryptogram, which tells of each of the tasks Giles had to perform before he could free the black knights.  The princess helps him complete the final task and the black knights and their castle are soon restored.

With the third wishbone, they are all transported to the Emerald City and win their way into the throne room.  But Ivan slips away to steal the Magic Belt.  John and Pigasus thwart him and Ozma wishes the white knights and their people, along with their original king, back to their former country in Ev.  She transforms Ivan into a blade of grass on a Kansas prairie and orders a banquet.  The magician is dipped in the Fountain of Oblivion.  Belfaygor's castle is restored along with his people.  Ozma knights Sir Giles.  And Giles marries Princess Phillia.  Giles also assures Doubty that Doubty will remain his friend and steed.

Ozma speaks in private with the black king, who promises to never go to war again; Ozma also sends Scraps and the Woozy to warn the white king to give up war as well, and that they'll be watching.  After saying goodbye to all their friends, Allen John and Lynn are sent back to Dearborn, along with all of Lynn's presents.


Continuity notes:

Baron Belfaygor: This is the first reappearance of the Baron and Shirley Sunshine, his wife, after Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz, and it establishes for the first time their son Giles.


Dating: This story takes place a year after the events of Umbrella Island in Oz, as noted on p.25: "last year at Umbrella Island."  The Doubtful Dromedary says it is 40 years since he lost his Karwan Bashi, an event that occurred just prior to Kabumpo in Oz in 1910, placing this story in 1950 and giving Umbrella Island in Oz a definitive date of 1949.


Doubtful Dromedary: Nicknamed Doubty by Prince Giles, this camel (first introduced in Kabumpo in Oz) had been living in the Royal Stables for years.  His companion the Comfortable Camel had gone off to live with Prince Corum in Samandra (The Yellow Knight of Oz).  Here he gains a much-longed for Karwan Bashi and purpose in the kind-hearted son of Baron Belfaygor and Shirley Sunshine, Prince Giles.








The Enchanted Island of Oz


    Book 42 in the Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy Five, and Ruth Plumy Thompson's final return to Oz.


History: The International Wizard of Oz Club's 1976 publication of The Enchanted Island of Oz was first composed in the early fifties as The Enchanted Island, and wasn't expanded into an Oz story until twenty years later.  The 2006 version has an afterward by Dorothy C. Marylott, Thompson's niece, who typed out the story.


Story: 11 year old David B. Perry attempts to rush off from his grandma's house in Long Meadow, Westover, Pennsylvania, to see the circus that's come to town, but she makes sure to groom him and repair the missing button on his shirt with a pearl button that she'd just found on her property. At the circus David gives one of the camels a cookiee and wishes he could talk and go somewhere together.  At that, the camel introduces himself as Humpty, a name he went by long ago when he belonged to the Shah of Hah Hoh Humbad.


David is surprised, but mounts him and they take off for Somewhere.  Three and a half hours later, they enter a cave to eat.  Humpty explains that he can talk because he's an Oz animal.  He'd been abducted by bandits who put him on a ship that sailed across the Nonestic to the U.S. where he was sold to the nasty owners of the circus, and has had a miserable time since.


David leads Humpty through the cave, but as they go deeper they begin slipping down in the dark until emerging in the sunlight of Somewhere, which is in Oz.  The gate of the city is guarded by a dragon, who inquires of Else if he should allow them in.  Else, the Queen of Somewhere, opens the gate for them and introduces them to Dismocoles the Gatekeeper.  Else gives David a china egg, which she grows.  She also advises David, who wants to contact his grandmother, to send her a message in a bottle and put it to sea.  Dismo talks about liking to eat David, but Else scolds him.  Dismo weeps and his tears fertilize the eggs, which cause china chicks to hatch.  Else explains that Dismo is the "last dragon in existence," and as no one believed in him, they found a place for him in Somewhere.  Humpty doesn't trust him, however, and they take off for the shore.  While Humpty is off enjoying the sand, Dismo tries to harm David, who flees into the water where the dragonfearful of being put outwon't go.  Humpty returns and leads David along the shore to the neighboring kingdom of Dwindlebury, out of the dragon's reach.


Feasting on some apples, David discovers that after the first bite the apples dwindle down to the size of a cherry.  They meet a farmer, Mr. Small, who warns them to keep their stay in town short.  As they pass through town they remark on how all the people and animals wear ruffs and live in small houses.  They head to the palace to meet the Princess of Little, but upon entering, Queen Be Little's bee stings Humpty and David!  Although they're told it's a common greeting, Humpty is incensed and leads David out of the castle to sleep on the grounds outside.  They soon encounter what they think is a giant rabbit before realizing that they're shrinking!  Humpty realizes it was the bee sting that did it, as that's how the queen ensures her visitors are rendered harmless.  They race out of the Dwindlebury, but an eagle spots them and picks them up, intending to carry them off to Mount Much.  But as they start growing again, the eagle drops them in a lake.


There they meet Water Lily, the Lady of the Lake, who falls for them and invites them to stay with her.  They decline, which makes her sad, but they promise to visit again.  Finding themselves in the Winkie Country, David wishes he'd dry off, and a warm breeze comes along and does just that.  The pair soon meet Ben Tover, who's searching for the footprints of a band of gypsy giants.  He spots a small one that belongs to Jerry Giant, who he describes as a good kind.  He comes along at that moment and picks up Humpty.  David's shouts convince him to put him back down.  Just then, the Emperor of the Winkies, the Tin Woodman, comes by and greets them.  He offers them room and lodging, but as he's on his way to the Cowardly Lion's birthday party, he writes a letter of introduction for them to give to his castle keeper Makebel Eva, who likes to make believe she's a princess.  He also gives David his jumping stick to help them cross Tin Can Canyon, which is between them and the Tin Castle.  When they reach the canyon, the jumping stick allows them to fly over it.  Makebel greets them with a smile of gold teeth, introducing herself as the Princess of Pic-a-nic, and provides them dinner and a place to sleep.


After breakfast the next day they cross over the Tin Canyon again and say goodbye to Makebel, leaving her with the jumping stick.  After leaving the village behind they come to a toll keeper who requests two quants and a quingle.  Not having those, David gives him a dollar bill, which he tears in half and gives one torn half back to David.  The toll keeper, Didjer Not, asks them if they've received permission from the Grand Wanger to enter the Country of Whatnow.  As they hadn't, he denies them entrance, so Humpty leaps over the 10 feet tall gate, surprising even himself!


They come to a crossroads sign pointing the way to either Catty Corners or Dogwood.  David chooses the latter and Humpty makes it there in 37 minutes.  Dogwood features dogwood trees and a large variety of dog breeds who are led by King Chow.  They're all so excited to have a boy enter their domain they decide to keep David for themselves.  Not wishing to spend forever in Dogwood, David instructs Humpty to run and they race out of town.  They next come upon the Winding Way.  After David follows the instructions and winds the handle, the Winding Way unrolls and tells them to get onboard.  The moving highway heads up into the sky and leaves them on the floating island of Kapurta.


Once an inland Gillikin country, King Rupert moved Kapurta to the sea and then to the air.  Totter Off, the Grand Advisor is not thrilled with the king's recent choice in this regard.  He had long served the king's father Ibenurt, who ruled wisely and well over the Purtans of Kapurta, a pastoral people who tend flocks of blue and purple sheep.  After Ibenurt died, Rupert took the throne and was content for some years, but then became restless.  Eight months ago, he discovered a magic vest with pearl buttons among his father's things.  So, putting it on, he'd wished Kapurta to be an island, and it was!   Then the king wished seven trading vessels with which they used to sell and trade their wool with the port city of Seventon (in the country of Macvelt).  The Purtans were contented, as was the king who kept the vest a secret.  Then, eight months later, when some began to complain of rheumatism and dampness, King Rupert wished the country to become an island in the sky.  The next day, however, it was discovered that three sheep fell overboard.  The king thought to wish for a fence, but discovered that the top pearl button was missing from the vest.  With none of the other buttons working, he frantically began searching for the button, but in vain.  He soon began to worry that his people would starve (as "no good Purtan would think of eating mutton or lamb").  Confiding in the Grand Advisor his dilemma and secret, Totter Off comes up with a plan and tries on the vest to attempt to make an un-wish.  Only he never finishes his wish when the island begins spinning round!


David and Humpty, who'd just reached the island, are astonished, but David wishes it would stop spinning, and it does.  The Chief Shepherd Malacca Malloo comes upon the pair and hearing of their exploits, which led to the island's return to normalcy, urges them to come see the king, as he believes David's a wizard.  The Grand Advisor, meanwhile, explains that he said "turn us back home" backwards, but never got past "turn us" when he was turned about.  Malacca then brings David and Humpty before them, but when Totter catches sight of the pearl button, all hell breaks loose.  The king finally calms everyone down and allows David to tell his story.  He does and even uses a wish to bring his shoes and socks back from Lake Lilly.  The king explains that it's the very same magic pearl that was upon his father's vest.  The king invites them to a grand repast and explains that he'd like the pearl back so that he can restore Kapurta to the Gillikin Country, but will allow him one last wish for himself.  Afterwards, David and Humpty spend the night at Malacca's.


In the morning, King Rupert asks David to wish for a fence, which he does.  When Humpty arrives, he asks that they stay.  He'll make David the Royal Prince of Purta and Humpty the Chief Guardian and Royal Protector of the Realm.  The king then makes his wish and transports Kapurta back to its original location west of the Ho-taro desert and east of the hills of Humber and the plains of Pau in the north Gillikin Country.  David, no longer wishing to cause distress to his parents and grandparents, says he must go home, but suggests that the king might one day wish for him to return.  Humpty, who has decided to stay with Malacca and the king, offers to go with David, but the boy won't allow him to be caught and live in the cruel circus again.  The boy promises that they'll all go to the Emerald City next time he comes, but impulsively, King Rupert wishes them there that instant.


As Ozma, Dorothy and Scraps are deciding new curtain colors, (and Mrs. Sew and Sew from Grampa in Oz is handing out samples) David, Humpty and King Rupert land in the palace.  The Wizard welcomes them and Glinda says she knew of Kapurta's disappearance from the Book of Records and has been watching their adventures in the Magic Picture ever since.  While Humpty goes to meet the Comfortable Camel, Doubtful Dromedary, Hungry Tiger and Cowardly Lion, the Wizard tells King Rupert that the last two buttons do good.  Remembering it's the Cowardly Lion's birthday, Humpty sings a song, in which he names the Lion "Cowy."  The Lion says he now has "a real name like everyone else."  Then, touching the third pearl button, King Rupert unleashes its power, resulting in a shower of presents for everyone.  David, regretfully having to go home, packs up numerous presents and reminds the king and Humpty that he has a long vacation during Christmas and in the spring.  With that, the king wishes David back in his grandmother's house.  She had gotten David's message in the bottle, but his arrival surprises her, as do his presents and stories from Oz.


Continuity notes:

Cowardly Lion: On page 138, Thompson has Humpty give the Cowardly Lion a proper name, Cowy, which the Lion gratefully accepts: "Now, I have a real name like everyone else."


Dating: Internal evidence indicates this story begins on a Saturday some time during the school year prior to summer.  It concludes three days later on Tuesday.  On page 81, the narrator says "it is summer, not fall," yet earlier on page 16, David said he was grateful he'd gotten measles during the school year because summer was too long to wait for.  The answer to this dilemma must be that the measles allowed him to get out of school earlier than when the summer break began, likely in early June.  No year is indicated, save that it must take place prior to when it was written, around 1951. 


The Desert of Ho-Taro: Although unexplored in this story, the Desert of Ho-Taro receives a visit in the short story "Kabumpo and the Rain King," available here.


Dismocoles the Dragon: On page 35, the Else, the Queen of Somewhere, describes Dismo as "the last dragon in existence," which seems rather unlikely given all the other dragons found in Oz and An, the Land of the Original Dragon.  It may be that he's the last dragon born.  Else also notes that he wasn't believed in, which might indicate he was born in a quasi-magical country, or even a civilized country, before being whisked to Somewhere (and how that came about is a mystery as well).  Ruth Berman (on the BCF Pumperdink forum) considers Dismo ambivalent about eating meat, and yet he never threatens or bothers Humpty, who would certainly be a much larger meal than an eleven year old boy.  Yet, he's particularly interested in frightening or actually harming David.  Does the dragon hold a grudge against little boys?  And if so, might this relate to his past before to coming to Somewhere?


Glimpses: David and Humpty manage to say on track during most of their adventure, and so the reader gets only glimpses of places and peoples.  Nathan DeHoff notes on the BCF Pumperdink forum that: "David and Humpty never make it to their dinner appointment with Queen Else of Somewhere, and never even get to see the Princess of Little.  They run away from the Dog Wood after a visit of less than two pages, and there's no real indication as to what the country of Whatnow really is."


Humpty's captors: There is a mystery as to why Humpty's captors abduct him from the Gillikin Country of Oz, cross the Deadly Desert, board a ship on the coast of the Nonestic, sail across the Nonestic to the U.S. in the outside world, only to sell the camel to a two-bit circus owner.  How did they cross the Desert?  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Nathan DeHoff suggests that "Humpty mentions that the bandits were riding 'swift desert ponies.'  Perhaps they were somehow bred to be able to cross the Deadly Desert.  If so, the horses that draw the gypsy wagons to the Fountains of Romany (mentioned in FORBIDDEN FOUNTAIN) might be somehow related to those ponies."  That one can sail from Nonestica to an ocean in the outside world has been noted in several stories, with the implication of a magical barrier.  It's revealed in the Oziana 1978 story, "Zimbo and the Magic Amulet" that the barrier is the Pillars of Hercules.  J.L. Bell asks, "Why they would even bother?":  "Wouldn't it be simpler and cheaper to steal (or even just plain buy) camels in the Asia of this world to sell in America, or to steal Oz camels to sell in Oz-world markets? What do the US circuses pay them in that has any value back in the Oz world? Well, perhaps if their magic for transportation is really easy and reliable, maybe it's no extra trouble to speak of to follow so wide a trade route, and maybe there are trade goods they can buy in the US with dollars (gold or gems for Oz-world markets -- although too common inside Oz? -- or bulkier but still shippable goods such as foodstuffs, cloths, books, and the like) to turn a dishonest profit."  In a land that provides whatever its citizens need and then some, it seems unreasonable that there would be any kind of criminals in Oz, though Thompson has demonstrated that there are some who enjoy simply being vicious.  What seems more likely is that those who abducted Humpty were not native Ozites, could not settle there, and thought they could make a fortune in the U.S. with a talking camel.  Humpty might have disappointed them by either not being able to speak in the U.S., or choosing not to, which given the fact that he was kidnapped and was annoyed at the way they grunted and screeched at him, is certainly possible. 


King Ibenurt: King Rupert's father is said to have died, an occurrence that must have taken place prior to Ozma's ascension to the throne.


Location of Grandma: Although the narrator situates David's grandmother's house in the very rural Westover, Dorothy C. Maryott, Ruth's niece (who typed up the manuscript), notes that the locations (Latch's Lane and Wister's Woods) are actually in Ardmore, where Thompson lived, and which is also where the Clyde Beatty Circus came to town, inspiring the pivotal scene where David rescues Humpty from the cruel circus.


Location of Oz: On page 81, Humpty tells David that there's no point in bringing his grandmother daffodils as they'll "wilt and fade soon as you hit outer space on your way home."  This appears to confirm Baum's indication in the "Interplanetary Dispatches" articles for The Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz strips that Oz is on another planet in another solar system, or perhaps extra-dimensional.  This is the first explicit reference to this from a canonical author since Baum.  There are many fans who prefer that Oz be located on Earth, and while the Royal Timeline of Oz agrees there is clearly a terrestrial connection to Oz (clear from this story, as the magic pearl button somehow ends up from the floating island of Kapurta in Oz to Pennsylvania), the evidence from Baum and Thompson cannot be so easily ignored.  Thus, the Royal Timeline of Oz finds that Oz exists in another dimension, and yet is intimately connected to the earth.  Evidence from The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus indicates that Burzee once bordered terrestrial locations in ancient times, indicating that Nonestica was once on the Earth, in much the same way that Valinor (from J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-Earth legendarium) was once on the Earth before being sundered.


Magic Vest: Those this story doesn't provide the origins of the vest, the sequel, "From Oz to the Moon" explains that the vest was made by Soob the Sorcerer and King Cross Patch as a gift for King Kurtis for having saved them from the Purple Wolves in the year 742 OZ."


Sequel: David returns to Oz a year later and reunites with Humpty, King Rupert and Totter Off in Nathan DeHoff's short story, "From Oz to the Moon."


Shah of Hah Hoh Humbad: Despite having affection for his former master, Humpty makes no effort to return to his old master in Hah Hoh Humbad (located neard Mudge from The Cowardly Lion of Oz). Nathan DeHoff, on the BCF, Pumperdink forum notes: "While Humpty tells Lily that he plans to return to his old master, the Shah of Hah Hoh Humbad, he later decides to stay in Kapurta with Malacca, apparently with no intention of informing the Shah of his adventures and plans.  We could, perhaps, assume that Ozma will send a message to the Shah after Humpty's visit to the Emerald City."  One could argue that maybe Humpty wasn't all that enthralled with him, but the camel has no compunction about calling his circus masters "rogues," the circus itself "wretched" and his time spent there as "miserable."  He has no such negative words for the Shah, however.  It might simply bad that while his former master was kind to him, there was no strong emotional bond between them as there was with both David and later Malacca.


Sheep: On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Nathan DeHoff notes that: "[Page] 50 describes the blue and purple sheep of Kapurta as 'the only such sheep in existence,' which is interesting, considering that the next Quasi-Famous book published by the Oz Club (the McGraws' FORBIDDEN FOUNTAIN) suggests that most sheep in the Gillikin Country are purple.  As is usual for the Oz books, I think these 'the only such-and-so in existence' comments have to be taken with a grain of salt."  It may be that the Kapurta sheep have a certain quality or uniqueness to their color and coat that sets them apart from the more common variety of sheep in the Gillikin Country.  It's also worthy of note, particularly for Thompson who hasn't always been as consistent or sensitive on these matters, that when faced with starvation, the King of Kapurta acknowledges that "no good Purtan would think of eating mutton or lamb."  A white lamb makes an appearance in The Forbidden Fountain of Oz, and is persecuted by her purple brethren and shepherd.


Somewhere Else: This country was first visited by Thompson in her non-Oz fantasy novella Marvelous Travels on a Wish, aka The Wish Express.  Here, it appears in the Gillikin Country.  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Ruth Berman notes that there are some tonal differences: "Somewhere Else is also a lot more cheerful than the kingdom of Somewhere Else visited by the discontented travelers in RPT's Marvelous Travels on a Wish. [Those] travelers find... that they don't like what they would be in their other lives Somewhere Else at all."  This may be because Somewhere's earlier rulers Illusion and Delusion are no longer in power, and Queen Else, who replaced them, is a much kinder person.


Tin Canyon: Either the Tin Woodman installed a Tin Canyon around his Tin Castle or this highly inconvenient barrier was never before mentioned.  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, J.L. Bell notes that" The Tin Canyon is surprising... It apparently either surrounds the castle entirely or extends so far to the sides as to make going around a significant barrier. Did Nick think he ought to have such a feature for aesthetic reasons and have one installed in the interim, as the owner of a British estate might put in a ha-ha between the house and the grounds? Could he have wanted it put in for security reasons?  Either way, isn't it so inconvenient to need those Jumping Sticks to get in or out that it would be a good idea for him to get rid of it? (It's apparently not there in The Ozmapolitan of Oz or at least I don't recall that Dick Martin included any mention of it when they visit there."





The Forbidden Fountain of Oz


     The McGraws's return to Oz is the 43d book in the Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy Five! 


History: Eloise McGraw returns to Oz one further time with her excellent The Rundelstone of Oz


Story: On Clover Day in the Emerald City (an ancient custom that grew into the Clover Fair during the Scarecrow's reign), the Clover Festival is held.  Desiring a cookie, Emeralda decides to sell limeade at three ozzes a cup until she has a prozter to spend.  Not wishing to tell her parents, she sneaks off with a pitcher and a basket of lime, and goes in search of a fountain not swarming with people.  Entering the palace gardens, she makes her way into the remotest part of the garden through a gate, and fills her pitcher with water from the fountain there, unaware that it's the Forbidden Fountain. 


Upon spotting the girl selling limeade, Ozma volunteers to be her first customer, and the child goes away happily, accidentally spilling the remaining contents of the pitcher.  Drinking a cup, Ozma then suddenly loses all memory of who and where she is.  She walks through the old gardens wondering, and ends up in an old butterfly arbor, where the monarch questions her.  As she doesn't know who she is, the butterfly names her Poppy and declares that she cannot leave.  The vines close up the exit behind her, forcing her to follow the imperious butterfly through an unpleasant maze of encroaching thorns.  But when the monarch flies ahead, a hedgebird named Oliver offers to lead her out of the maze through a thicket of brambles to an open hillside.  Oliver tells her that the Maze had been used since his grandfather's day as a prison.  Oliver advises her to go north away from the Emerald City and whoever's trying to capture her.  She departs and discovers a strange belt around her waist and hides it before she heads down to a cottage where a deaf woman takes pity on her and gives her son's shepherd clothes and cap to wear.  Ozma thanks her and leaves.  When she puts the belt back on, she wishes it fit better, and suddenly it does.


Ozma makes it to the Gillikin Country, where she rescues an anxious lamb running from her flock and shepherd, but in their haste to escape, they fall into a stream and wash ashore.  The lamb Lambert explains they've turned her out because she's white and not lavender-colored like the rest, and so she's considered wicked.  "Poppy" adopts Lambert, but as they move on, Lambert and Ozma are suddenly transformed into glitterbugs.  In the Emerald City, meanwhile, the Cowardly Lion asks Kabumpo if he's seen Ozma, since she's been missing for two hours.  Kabumpo goes off to search the garden, returning in a panic with her crown.  With everyone convinced she's been abducted, the Wizard, Toto, Jack and the Scarecrow check the Magic Picture, but it only reveals weeds and insects, though Kabumpo recognizes certain plants from the Gillikin region.  Yet when the Wizard checks again, the landscape is yellow.  He sets out for Glinda's, commanding them to only tell those who already know she's missing.


Glinda's Book of Records reveals nothing, so the next morning, the Wizard sends out a search party, consisting of Dorothy, Trot, Cap'n Bill, the Scarecrow, Cowy and Toto to the Great Winkie Marsh, but as Kabumpo is certain Ozma's in the Gillikin Country, he sets out on his own.  Ozma and Lambert, meanwhile, find themselves as hyacinth moths.  Mulberry bugs tell them they've been transformed because they fell into the Camouflage Creek.  Ozma and Lambert continue to transform, from canaries to horses, rabbits, mice and so on.  As dragonflies in the Great Winkie Marsh, a frog catches Ozma and she wishes them back to themselves, miles away.  The Magic Belt does this, but when Ozma tries to wish her memory back, she fails to grasp the Belt at the same time, so that the wish does not come to pass.


A color-changing borderbird informs them that they're in the Bordermoor, the land between the Winkie and Gillikin Countries.  As they follow the path up the hill, they're stopped by the highwayman, High Toby, son of the Bordermoor Blackguard.  When Ozma goes to hand over her shepherd's knife and cap, the man breaks down crying, and explains that he's not cut out for this trade.  His real name is Tobias Bridlewell, Jr.  Ozma shares her story with him, and he suggests they team up with the Gypsies who are traveling north through the Gillikin Country, to an oasis in the Impassable Desert called the Fountains of Romany.  When his Suggestion Box warns him that Borderbullies (a cross between bulldogs and wild hogs) are approaching, he leads Poppy and Lambert to his hidden cave.  He tells them that his father and uncles had all been exiled to an island in the Nonestic by Tattypoo, the Good Witch of the North, many years ago, and he feels he's a disappointment.  Lambert reassures him that he's really the better man.


To find out what route the Gypsies took, he takes his new friends to see the Purple Wolf, who is King of the Bordermoor.  They're anxious about this, but he reassures them he won't let any harm come to them.  Yet when he and the Purple Wolf get into an argument, they flee down the hillside, and Ozma wishes they could run like hares, which they do!  They find themselves in Gozzerland: Gillikin Nat'l Park.  The Suggestion Box warns them of boiling geysers, and in their attempt to circumvent them, they run headlong into Kabumpo. 


The Elegant Elephant had been heading towards Pumperdink when he was picked up by a living dump truck named Dumpling, who, mistaking him for a giant wind-up toy, brought him to Wyndup Town, where live the friendly Wyndups, clockwork people and animals who have windup keys on their back, as well as serial numbers and dates of manufacture.  When they discover that Kabumpo has none of these, they grow concerned that he's broken, and have Dumptruck bring him to their Chief Tinkerer, Clockwise, at the Clockworks.  Kabumpo soon learns that he's also a clockwork man, albeit a more advanced one.  This reminds him of the villain Ippty of Rash (from The Hungry Tiger of Oz), though Clockwise isn't wicked, but merely ignorant of the existence of flesh and blood beings.  Unable to comprehend that Kabumpo is not mechanical,  he determines to open him up the next day to observe his strange gears, and has Dumptruck take him to the warehouse.  From there, Kabumpo escapes, though a Wyndup sees him and alerts the others.  He races out of town and over the fence, where he winds up in a dense foggy glen.  There he bumps into Ozma and her companions.  Yet due to her male clothing and cap (where she has her hair piled up in), he doesn't recognize her as Ozma.


Kabumpo and Toby lead them out of the sticky, unpleasant environs of Gozzerland into Cleanitupia and Bathasphere, gateways to Sanitaria and Pristinia.  They're greeted by small grey, sponge-like entities who invite them to be cleaned.  The party agree, although that proves to be a far more intense experience than they'd anticipated.  Moving on, Toby determines not to tell Poppy's secret of being a girl, or their past, and Kabumpo, for his part, determines not to tell them about Ozma being missing.  He invites them to his home in Pumperdink, where they can gain more information about the whereabouts of the Gypsies. 


They next enter Pristinia, which appears perfect in every way, except that a voice warns them off the grass and not to eat the landscape, so they follow a path out to the Little Gillikin River.  Upon a bridge they meet the Truth Teller, who years ago fell into the Truth Pond, and now can only tell the truth (else his ears turn green), which has forced him to become a wanderer, since no one wants him around.  When asked, he tells them they're on the road to Pumperdink.  Later, a chipmunk tells them they're in Teagarden and they enjoy the fruits of doughnut trees, apple-pie plants and a lemonade pond, as well as hay and clover for Kabumpo and Lambert, and friedeggplants, a meatball bush, a pond of syrup and pancakes, cupcake creepers and other goodies.  After they eat, they go to Nightingarden, where pillows, blankets and tents are ripe for the picking and the nightingales sing travelers to sleep.  They go to sleep, but Kabumpo wakens later to overhear Poppy and Toby argue about keeping secrets, concerned that the elephant might bring her back to her captors in the Emerald City.  Then the elephant discovers that the boy is actually Ozma!  Kabumpo reasons that she must be under a spell to not recognize him, and that Toby must be her captor and enchanter.  So he resolves to wait for an opportunity to get both Toby and Ozma to the Emerald City.


The next day, Kabumpo turns them around south, telling them he's taken a shortcut.  It leads to a rainforest and then a toll bridge, guarded by a Toll Troll, who demands a pound of honey to cross.  Ignoring him, Kabumpo fords the river and the travelers come to a log cabin with a sign reading "Passportal."  Entering the cabin they find a door in the back with a sign that reads, "To the Peaks of Passepartout," and this leads to a beautiful mountain view. 


Traveling through the narrow mountain passes proves difficult, particularly when they're forced to slide down Hourglass Pass, which goes down a hole in a spiral, emerging unto a road, where they come across the Truth Teller again.  To Kabumpo's chagrin, the wanderer confirms that they're going south instead of north, and when Kabumpo browbeats him into lying, the Truth Teller's ears turn green.  Ozma knows now the elephant has been lying and Toby threatens him with his wasp-shooting blunderbuss if he tries anything, but Kabumpo tells them he's trying to save her from Toby, and that he knows who she really is.  This stops them in their tracks.  But when he says she's Ozma, they don't believe him, so he tackles Toby with his foot and puts Ozma in his pocket.  Toby then fires his blunderbuss, but nothing happens (as the wasps had gotten soaked in the Bathasphere), so Kabumpo puts Toby and Lambert in his pockets and heads to the Overpass.  This proves costly, however, as it leads to a dangerous tightrope atop the mountain where he discovers he cannot go forward or back.  Far below is Underpass, where he needs to be.  Stamping his foot in frustration, Overpass opens a trapdoor underneath him and they plummet down a steep incline to Underpass.  From there, he heads to Bypass and onto the road leading to the Emerald City.


Entering through the North Gate, Kabumpo notes that few are about the city, so he locks Ozma and Lambert in her sitting room in the palace, and goes in search of someone.  Ozma and Lambert, meanwhile, use the new curtains to try and escape.  Yet, once outside the palace, they come across Jack Pumpkinhead, who recognizes her as his father.  This annoys Lambert, who considers her his mother, but Jack explains that she looks like Tip his father, and this triggers a memory in Ozma of having created Jack, and of Mombi.  Just then, the Hungry Tiger arrives, along with the Wizard and his party led by Kabumpo, who snatches off Ozma's hat to show them. 


Her friends try to convince her that they're her subjects, but she doesn't remember the Wizard or Dorothy or any of them, except Jack.  Kabumpo insists Toby should disenchant her, but this only angers the former highwayman, so the Wizard assures Toby that he knows he didn't enchant her.  As the din escalates, Ozma calls out for silence and asks the Wizard how he knows Toby didn't abduct her.  He then produces Emeralda, the last person to have seen her, and explains that she was accidentally given water from the Fountain of Oblivion to drink.  When the Wizard tells her of the Magic Belt, she realizes that that's what must have granted her wishes.  The Suggestion Box then suggests she use it to get her memory back.  With Dorothy's instructions as to using the Belt, Ozma wishes to remember all she's forgotten.  Suddenly, she does and a great rejoicing amongst her old friends begins.  Toby, Lambert and even Kabumpo, meanwhile, consider leaving her in their company and start heading out, but she stops them.  She asks Toby to be her personal bodyguard, to which he gladly agrees (she summons his wasps with the Magic Belt), invites Lambert to live with her in the palace (which he happily agrees to, though he'd like to keep calling her Poppy), and tells Kabumpo she's throwing a grand banquet in his honor for all the brave and heroic things he's done.


That evening is a royal feast, and Toby is presented with his own room, while Lambert has his new friend Betsy Bobbin help temporarily dye him green.  Glinda and many others attend and hear stories of all their misunderstandings and adventures along the way.  Ozma decides that from this point forward, the gate to the Fountain of Oblivion must be locked, and the entrance to the Maze, which had been a place of punishment from her father's time, be bricked over so that no one ever gets trapped in it again.


Continuity notes:

Clockwise and the Wyndups: The narrative gives no indication as to who created Wyndup Town, Clockwise and the Wyndups, though they appear to resemble the kind of design seen in Tik-Tok, leading one to surmise that Clockwise and the Wyndups are more advanced creations of Tinker & Smith.


Dating: Story takes place over the course of three days.  Although no year is explicit in the text, a date can be arrived at, as Ozma is said to have received her new curtains a fortnight ago [p. 163]. The plan to change the curtains was earlier noted in Thompson’s The Enchanted Island of Oz, which takes place in June 1951, and would place this story two weeks later.  This is consistent with the timing of the Clover Festival, as clover blooms in May and stays in bloom all summer long.


Fountain of Oblivion: From this point forward, the gate to the Fountain of Oblivion is locked, with the key kept in Ozma's safe.


Gypsies: In Ojo in Oz, Ozma was shown to have banished the Gypsies to Europe, but it has been stated by many that maybe Ozma brought them back.  The existence of an entire community of Gypsies, with "bands that pass through" Pumperdink "often" (as Kabumpo asserts) confirm that Ozma indeed did the right thing and brought them back to Oz.  Their oasis, called the Fountains of Romany, in the Impassable Desert, is one of several safe areas, including Sidia (from A Refugee in Oz) and the unnamed oasis mentioned by the Flame Folk in The Shaggy Man of Oz.


Hoppers and Horners: These two tribes are at "war" again, which is an event that was last dealt with a year earlier, in The Magic Cryptogram of Oz


Lambert: A white lamb that was exiled from his Gillikin flock merely for being the wrong color, according to them.  This leads her to having a complex about her color and a desire to change it.  By the time she comes to live in the Emerald City, and become its permanent resident (as she considers Ozma her adopted mother, and calls her Poppy), Ozma hopes she will learn to accept herself as she is.


Magic Belt: One key to the functioning of the Magic Belt, as revealed here, is that one must be grasp it when they make a wish.  When this secret was discovered is not known, but it wasn't early on.  By the time of The Lost Princess of Oz, Dorothy was starting to figure out it's powers, but determined that it grants only one wish a day.  In this story, it's capable of more per day.  On the BCF Pumperdink forum, Nathan points out that there are some inconsistencies with what we've seen before, and there are worth retconning: "Ozma's wishes are granted when she puts her hands on the Belt, which is something I seem to recall happening in other books as well.  On the other hand, I seem to recall both Roquat and Dorothy waving their arms when commanding the Belt in OZMA.  Also, LOST PRINCESS suggests that wishes can only be granted once a day, and then only through the method Dorothy uses in that story.  Perhaps none of Ozma's wishes are powerful enough to count as the daily wish, though."  The latter point is a valid retcon.  As to whether one needs to grasp the Belt or wave one's arms, it may be that both methods are effectual.


Magic Items in the Palace: There is a question, asked by Nathan DeHoff on the BCF Pumperdink forum, as to why the Wizard doesn't just use his famous Searchlight or enlist the help of the Elf of the Silver Hammer.  Ruth Berman responds with a possible retcon: "Perhaps we should assume a scene present, although not mentioned in the narrative, before the Wizard hurries away to consult Glinda's Book of Records, in which the Wizard tries a bunch of those other magic tools, and they fail to locate Ozma in the moth-form? (Of course, the Searchlight found people who had been transformed into clocks in "Ojo," but perhaps the Change-me-down magic might be assumed to be a more complete disguise.)


Maze: This old maze that Ozma stumbles into pre-dates the Emerald City, and was used by Pastoria I (Ozma's grandfather) to punish citizens.  It's ruled by its own Monarch, the monarch butterfly, who craftily ensures that prisoners don't make it back out.


Mombi: Further confirmation that Mombi is alive and not "washed out" by Ozma, as hinted at in The Lost King of Oz, comes from the conversation Ozma has with Jack Pumpkinhead.  While regaining her memory, Ozma asks Jack about Mombi.  Jack doesn't say that she's dead, which he would if she was, but rather that she's no threat as Glinda made her forget all her magic.  This is in keeping with the Oziana story, "Executive Decisions," which indicates that Mombi was not executed. 


Money and Old Ozzish: Nuffet is the old Ozzish word for mid-morning tea time.  Ozzos are a small denomination.  Piozter is a larger denomination.  Nathan DeHoff in the BCF Pumperdink forum notes that this use of coins in the Emerald City proves a bit of a problem to reconcile: One possibly controversial aspect to the McGraws' Oz is that money seems to be in common use there.  There are several references to ozzos and piozters, and an unused footnote worked out the entire Ozian monetary system, even working in the quants and quingles referred to by Didjer Not in ENCHANTED ISLAND.  While money is used in several situations after the Tin Woodman's  blanket statement about Oz having no money in ROAD, it usually seems to be rather uncommon, and used primarily in outlying communities.  In FOUNTAIN, however, money is apparently in widespread use within the Emerald City itself."  The reason for this may have to do with the tradition of the Clover Festival, which goes back to the Scarecrow's day.  Toby himself says he has ozzos and piozter's from his father's day, which seems to indicate that, in general, money is no longer in use.  It also explains why a little girl living in the prosperous Emerald City wouldn't have enough money to purchase a single cookie.  McGraw herself created an entire monetary system, and it remains valid for the period up to the time that Ozma did away with money (something that took longer to accomplish in the far off realms of Oz):

"The money in Oz is rather complex. There are two copper coins, the tiny fardledink and the triangle-shaped squit; five silver coins, the quingle, the quant, the ozzo, the fang and the jeedle; and the gold piozter, which has Ozma's profile on one side and the Royal Crown on the other. To give you some idea of the relative values: three fardle-dinks make a squit, six squits equal a quingle, two quingles make a quant, and three quants an ozzo. There are two ozzos in a jang and five in a jeedle. The piozter is worth ten jeedles. However most people in Oz care little about getting rich, and enjoy using all these coins mainly because they're so pretty. If you are squitless and need to buy something, they will usually make you a present of it. Not, however, if your mother has said NO."

Ozma's memory: As Ozma wishes on the Magic Belt to "remember all I've forgotten," [p. 178], it seems likely that from this point forward, she remembers her fairy life with Lurline long before being left with King Pastoria as a baby.


Prayer in Oz: Although institutional religion doesn't appear to factor much in Oz, apart from the mention of churches noted by Baum and Thompson, Kabumpo utters a prayer "of thanksgiving for this dispensation," on page 146, demonstrating a previously unreported spirituality.


Suggestion Box: Toby's swag, the helpful Suggestion Box is noted in W. Randy Hoffman's Mixed Magic Makes Misery: The Life Story of J. Glegg, to be one of Glegg's inventions.


Toby Blunderbuss, Jr.: A descendent of highwaymen who were exiled by the Good Witch of the North to an island in the Nonestic, Toby is now the Royal Guard of Ozma, lives in the palace and wields a blunderbuss that shoots borderwasps (who enjoy the excitement).


Trolls: This mercurial bridge keeper is the first recorded troll in an Oz story.  Others can be found in The Forgotten Forest of Oz.


Truth Teller: Although several characters in Oz have dipped in the pond, some have experienced unusually trying results afterwards, including this man, whose compelled to tell what many consider unpleasant truths.  Some of this may have to do with his negative perspective and abrasive personality, which seem more of a factor that his compulsion to tell the truth.  The fact that his ears turn green prevent him from telling a lie, an issue that the Shaggy Man may not have to face (in The Shaggy Man of Oz) since he has long hair that covers up his ears.







The Magic Bowls of Oz


Story: On the fiftieth anniversary of becoming a true wizard in Oz, the Wizard prepares a new experiment. Ensuring that he's properly measured out all the ingredients, including lomeleaf from the only lomeleaf tree in Lomeland, and double-checking the recipe in a magic book, including a thirteen-leaf clover, and water from a hot spring near the Deadly Desert, he stirs the mixture in a cauldron. When it cools into a grey clay, he shapes two bowls out of it, puts them in a kiln for two hours, and goes to meet Ozma, Dorothy, Button Bright and Ojo for lunch.  Joining them are the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman, Trot, Betsy and Ichabod (the Shaggy Man's brother).  When the Wizard mentions his new experiment, Ichabod, Button Bright and Ojo ask to come see it. 


Later, Ozma is visited by a red sphere, inside which is a message from Jinnicky the Red Jinn of Ev, telling her that according to the dreams of the seer Augur, Jellia Jamb is in trouble.  Augur is flying across the Deadly Desert upon Areo, the magical paper airplane, to give them a better sense of the danger.


In the Wizard's tower room, the Wizard greets Ozra, Glinda's personal servant, whose come to return a powder and spend time in the Emerald City.  She joins the others to watch the conclusion of the Wizard's experiment.  He volunteers a reluctant Ojo and Button Bright to serve as guinea pigs, explaining that the Magic Bowls have the ability, with a magic word, to transfer the mind of the person who touches them into the bowl, after which it can enter the mind of another person who touches it.  He has the boys each touch their bowls, intending to briefly switch their minds, but when he says the magic word, the shock of the procedure causes both boys to jump and catapult the bowls into the air and come crashing down on each of their heads.  Suddenly, Button Bright is in Ojo's body, and Ojo is in Button Bright's!  With the bowls shattered, the Wizard has to make new ones, but is missing four ingredients: a lomeleaf, a thirteen leaf clover, sap from an oak tree, and yellow mud from the Winkie River.  Only this will restore them, as not even the Magic Belt can help.  So, the group determine to go on a journey for the ingredients, and the Wizard packs his Lomemagnet, which can locate that realm.


Over the Deadly Desert, Areo assures Augur that his prophecy about Jellia Jamb is accurate, as has been all but one of his predictions in the last 150 years. Areo, the giant paper airplane, was made by Aura Gammi, the cousin of Miss Cuttenclip, who once lived hear her in Oz and would also get magic paper from Glinda.  One day, when the Red Jinn visited Oz, Aura's father Para saved him from falling into the Deadly Desert, so Jinnicky invited his family to live with him in his castle.  Hearing that Aura was distressed, he promised she could visit anytime by means of Areo, who he made large enough to ride in, and with wheels to land.  In this way, she continued to visit her cousin and got magic paper over the years.


In the morning, the travelers meet up with the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger, who are guarding Ozma's safe.  When the Wizard explains their newest adventure and retrieves the Magic Umbrella and footpath, the Tiger asks to join them.  Upon the footpath, they head north to the Gillikin Country.  That same morning, Jellia wakes up cross from lack of sleep, bumps her toe twice, and the second time breaks a bottle of green fluid which absorbs into her body.  She later falls asleep in a tea cart that rolls down the hall and out the door into the gardens and streets of the Emerald City.  It finally goes down a hill where it hits a rock, catapulting Jellia into a haystack at the edge of Lomeland in the Munchkin Country. 


Back in the Emerald City, Ozma wonders what became of Jellia, but soon meets with Areo and Augur.  Ozma tells Dorothy of his dreams, including one in which Jellia was queen of a sapphire city.  The Magic Picture currently shows her sleeping in a haystack.  Dorothy suggests taking the Picture with them so they can track her down, and they all board Areo.


When Jellia awakens, she finds herself lost and walks an hour until she finds the sapphire studded gates of a city called Lomeland.  The Munchkin gatekeeper of Lomeland takes her to see the only lomeleaf tree in the land, after which she's shown to the sapphire throne, reminding her of her time as Starina [in Ozoplaning with the Wizard of Oz].  Suddenly, the palace staff rush in to announce her application as Queen of Lomeland.  Jellia considers that it would be nice, and as the position is only for a week, she agrees and meets with her advisor Lomefomuat.


On the second day of their journey, the Wizard and his part come to Lumberland, a wooden mountain.  The lumberjack Paul takes them inside for a tour, where he explains that all the wood for houses and furniture comes from their fast-growing forest, where it takes only 5-6 years for a tree to grow to maturity.  2000 people work there.  After lunch, they ride the stream to the other side of the mountain in the north.


Searching the north of the Munchkin Country for Jellia Jamb, Areo flies over the Deadly Desert, but gets caught in a Dust Devil.  As Areo stabilizes, Ozma sees Jellia in the Magic Picture pulled into an invisible place and realizes she's been taken into Lomeland. Lomeland can't be found on magical devices (except the Lomemagnet) and is hard to trace because it moves every week.  Areo enters the eye of the Dust Devil, where they wait till nightfall when it loses power, and they return to Oz.


The next morning, Lomefomuat brings Jellia breakfast, explaining that she must today cross a gulf upon a thread to become queen.  Wondering how she'll do that, she finds a label from the bottle she kicked over, identifying it as a magic Balancing Brew.  In this knowledge, she feels safe to cross and soon passes the test to become Queen of Lomeland.  Meanwhile, on the Hungry Tiger's back, Ozra goes exploring and meets a silver garland snake who introduces himself as Chris Muss.  They invite him back to camp to meet the others, and he explains that Santa, in a playful mood, brought him to life as a piece of garland with a stuffed snake head.  He accompanied him on his annual trips until three years ago when he fell out of his sleigh into the Great Gillikin Forest, where he's remained.  Chris Muss helps search for the 13-leaf clover and soon finds one.  But as they prepare to go after the next item, Ojo complains that Button Bright has gotten lost with his body.  The Wizard decides it's best to move on and get the next ingredient.


The Seer tells Dorothy and Ozma the three dreams he had the night before.  The first was of Jellia walking along a brick wall with no gate or door.  The second was of her being pushed off a balcony.  The third was of him scraping yellow mud off a bear rug into a thermos.  They head back on Areo, but search the day in vain.


The next morning, Queen Jellia is asked to settle some disputes, one of which involves Arron the Red's complaint against Wilber the pig who keeps crossing his river to avoid a nearby toll.  Jellia determines that Arron must charge the same toll fare, but can keep half.  After lunch, Jellia has a chance to talk with Dot, a young girl who tells her about Lomeland, how it moves about Oz and other fairylands, and has always only had queens.  The Wizard and his party, meanwhile, depart the forest and two hours later come upon a rainbow colored wall.  Entering the gate, they step upon a pink bear rug, who shakes them off, eliciting the laughter of the resident clowns.  Mr. Mirth, the Krazy King of Circusville introduces himself, and the Wizard inquires after Button Bright.  They haven't seen him, but insist the travelers stay to enjoy the circus, shutting the gate behind them.  The town is set up like a three-ring circus, and as Oscar investigates escape via hot-air balloons, the others explore.  The Hungry Tiger is glad to find that his fellow tigers are not locked up or mistreated and enjoy their life in Circusville; Chris Muss talks to a snake charmer; Ichabod to several shabbily-dressed clowns who teach him magic tricks.  Finally, the Wizard whistles, summoning the others who enter the two balloons and sail up.  Summoning the Magic Umbrella, which brings the footpath, they float towards the Munchkin Country.


That same morning, Dorothy and her party watch as a yellow boy upon a yellow beast approaches them.  Augur recognizes one of his dreams come true, and the boy explains that he's Button Bright inside Ojo's body, and that the beast is the Blue Bear Rug, for whom he made a skeleton so he can walk, and inserted a bellows so he can speak.  They fell into the Winkie River. Recognizing the yellow mud as  one of the ingredients the Wizard needs, they scrape it off, and the boy and bear wash off in a stream.  After learning that they're looking for Lomeland to rescue Jellia, Button Bright and the Blue Bear Rug agree to lead them there, as they passed it in the night.


The next day, Dot gives Jellia a tour of Lomeland, all except the fourth tower, which is off-limits.  Jellia determines then to find out what's in it, but waits until Lomefomuat isn't spying on her.  After lunch they sneak in, and discover in a room in the tower with four beds containing the last three Queens of Lomeland under a magical sleep!  Jellia worries that she may be in danger and returns to her apartment.


The next morning, the balloons touch down and the Wizard's party jump off.  Entering the Quadling Forest, east of Hammerhead Hill, they follow a path to the yellow oak home of Ozner the magician, who invites them in.  After they share their story, he offers the sap the Wizard needs.  Following the Lomemagnet, given him by Lomefomuat, he's able to find Lomeland.  Heading north upon the footpath they arrive at midday and encounter Ozma and her party who explain about Augur's dreams of Jellia.  After introductions, Ojo is happy to see Button Bright and his body again, and they give the Wizard the yellow mud, leaving only the lomeleaf as the last ingredient needed.


The gatekeeper of Lomeland permits all but the animals inside.  They soon meet Dot, who explains that Jellia is in danger.  At the bonfire that night, Queen Jellia appears on a balcony, but as she makes her speech, Lomefomuat throws a lever causing the balcony to extend out over the fire, and closes the doors behind her.  Ojo climbs the Lomeleaf tree to save her, just as Dot lets the animals into the city, causing a stir.  Lomefomuat tries to cut the branch, but the Wizard tosses Ichabod one end of a ball of string, and he throws it to Jellia, who ties it around the tree.  With Ojo on her shoulder she walks down the string to safety.  They race for the gate, while Button Bright and the Blue Bear Rug get two lomeleaves.  When they're surrounded, Areo swoops down and saves them.  En route home, the Wizard informs Jellia that the Balancing formula is permanent.


Back at the Emerald City, Jellia tells everyone about the former queens in the tower, so with the Magic Belt, Ozma summons Lomefomuat, but he explains that they would normally sleep for three weeks after their one week term, and cannot be awoken until a replacement ruler is found.  Ozma declares him the replacement.  She then sends the former Queen Lydia to Mo and former Queen Kathy to Ev, but the third girl is from Kansas, and doesn't wish to return there as she's an orphan whose made her home in Ix.  Ozma concedes to send her there.  Augur and Areo also say their goodbyes and head back to Ev.  So too does Ozra return to Glinda's palace and Chris Muss asks to be sent back to Santa (whose happy to see him again).  The Wizard then recreates the Magic Bowls.  Once he's successfully switched Ojo and Button Bright's minds back in their proper bodies, the boys destroy the Magic Bowls, determined that that's one experiment that shouldn't be repeated.


A month later, Lomefomuat awakens. Ozma gives him water from the Fountain of Oblivion and returns him to Lomeland, which she magically anchors in its original location in Ev.

Continuity notes:

Dating: Explicitly dated 50 years after Oscar Diggs became a real wizard.  As this appears to have occurred in late 1902, it gives a date for this story at 1952.

Footpath: The Wizard's magical hundred-footed footpath first appeared in The Gnome King of Oz.


Lumberland: This interior mountain realm must be where the majority of the wood in the Gillikin Country, and possibly all of Oz, which may explain why there are no modern woodmen and how the trees in Oz remain safe from harm (for the most part, as there remain out-of-the-way places and unknown areas).  The Wizard must have based his invention of fast-growing trees, in The Three Imps of Oz, from his experience in Lumberland, where trees rapid-grow to maturity in 5-6 years. 


Seer of Ev: Augur the Seer of Ev has lived in Ev for 250 years.  All but one of his predictions in the last 150 years have come true.  He is a kindhearted man who is friends with Jinnicky the Red Jinn of Ev and Areo the giant paper airplane.


Shaggy Man's brother: Baum's musical production The Tik-Tok Man of Oz called the Shaggy Man's brother Wiggy, which can be a nickname for William, yet Baum never brings either name into book-canon, and it is not in every draft of The Tik-Tok Man of Oz screenplay either.  Perhaps Baum felt Shaggy and Wiggy were too silly.  In any case, Karyl Carlson and Eric Gjovaag, in Queen Ann of Oz, revealed that the Shaggy Man's actual name was actually Shagrick Mann.  This provides a surname for both men.  This story gave him the given name of Ichabod.  Yet, Mark E. Haas, in The Emerald Mountain of Oz, revealed it to be Daniel.  The latter story takes place in 1999, while this is in 1952.  It appears that the Shaggy Man's brother might in fact have been named Ichabod Mann.  His brother called him "Wiggy" as a nickname, but Ichabod never cared for his given name, and opted to change it to Daniel at some point.








A Promise Kept in Oz

History: Although the author of this graphic novel breaks the fourth wall for comedic effect, the narrative itself is quite plausible, and is included on the Mainline Timeline as a historic event. 


Story: In Professor Wogglebug's library in the Munchkin Country, the green monkey, formerly the Yookoohoo Mrs. Yoop, returns again to pore over the many books on magic in an attempt to find a way to reverse her condition.  When the Professor offers to help, she angrily rebuffs him, and opts to take the books back to her home on the Gillikin border.  Ignoring her neighbor, Miss Lillian, who always seems to be envious of the freedoms animals have that humans don't, Mrs. Yoop comes home to greet Potch, the large toad whose lived with her for 50 years.  Potch offers her a solution, but as Mrs. Yoop calls her a frog, she says she won't tell her till the next day.


The next morning, Potch arrives and tells her that while Glinda would be keeping a tab on Ozma's former enemies, for which reason she can't enlist their help, she won't be keeping an eye on her allies.  Mrs. Yoop thinks the toad is talking foolishness, but Potch explains that if she can learn the secret of the Magic Belt, she knows how to procure it for her.  The monkey asks how, and the toad explains that she's also been reading the magic books she's brought home from the library.  At that moment, Miss Lillian arrives to ask if the monkey would mind going into town to bring back a few items she needs to bake a berry cake.  Mrs. Yoop kicks her out, and the Toad torments Mrs. Yoop by holding out on the plan.


In the Gillikin Country, meanwhile, Button Bright and Toto say goodbye to the Lonesome Duck who gets a visit from someone in the Emerald City once a year.  After they depart, however, Button Bright gets lost, but Toto uses his nose to locate him in a nearby Gillikin village named Manifolda, where he meets QuillJon (or JonQuill), whose left side is completely different from his right.  He's never seen a dog or even a symmetrical creature before. The village is made up of "enhanced" people, who as infants are physically joined with partners who are different from them so that they can grow up more fully rounded, able to see different perspectives. Toto soon meets his rude daughter LauraLea, and his wife who says there's also an unsymmetrical boy in town.  They soon meet the mayor MoeYardley (or YardleyMoe) who says Button Bright is at the Waiting Place, waiting for someone to be matched up with.


After Mrs. Yoop has learned all she could about the Magic Belt, Potch explains that Ozma's friends live by a code.  If they make a promise to help someone, they must see good on that promise.  Potch's friend Herrona the Stork is owed a favor from the Scarecrow, and Herrona owes Potch a favor.  Mrs. Yoop doesn't believe it will work, but Potch insists the Scarecrow must follow his moral code.  Herrona appears at the house, and Potch reminds her that years ago she saved the egg that became her son Eggbert from the den of a fox.  The stork recalls and is willing to repay the favor, but when she hears that Potch wants the Magic Belt she thinks it's a joke.  When the toad explains it's not, she says that she has no way of doing such a thing.  Potch then reminds her that the Scarecrow owes her a favor.  She then explains that a poor woman was transformed into an irascible green monkey and they need only one wish from the Magic Belt to disenchant her, but for it to work no one else can know until it's been accomplished, and then they'll return the Belt.  Herrona goes off, unsure about all of it, but wanting to keep her promise.


In Manifolda, meanwhile, Toto rushes off to save Button Bright from being enhanced.  To his relief, he discovers that the spell doesn't work on those born outside of the village, and he takes Button Bright back to the Emerald City.  But he soon senses that something or someone is following them, determining that it's a Kalidah!


The next morning, as the Scarecrow and Sawhorse are reciting poetry, Herrona drops in and asks the Scarecrow if he remembers her.  She asks to speak to him privately and recalls how she rescued him from the river many years ago (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz) when he promised to repay the favorHe recalls, and to his horror she asks him for the Magic Belt, explaining to him what Potch explained to her.  The Scarecrow proves true to his word, and she flies off to Mrs. Yoop's house.  Mrs. Yoop snatches the Belt from her and slams the door, as Herrona tries to make her understand that she can only use the Belt for the one wish she needs.  When Miss Lillian arrives, Potch and Mrs. Yoop take her into the backyard where the Yookoohoo prepares to switch her form with Miss Lillian's, but before she can, Herrona sneaks up and takes back the Belt.  Mrs. Yoop tells the stork she hasn't used it, so she returns it while the green monkey considers how to word her wish.


As the wish progresses, Toto, Button-Bright and what turns out to be a Kalidah cub run into the yard just as Miss Lillian starts growing into a giant-sized brown monkey and Mrs. Yoop starts turning into a younger version of Miss Lillian.  But in the distraction, the spell is incomplete, and she prepares to use the Belt again. Yet, Ozma, the Scarecrow, Sawhorse and Jack Pumpkinhead show up then in the Red Wagon.  As Herrona is thanked and sent home, and Toto and Button Bright are sent aboard the Red Wagon, Ozma demands answers, and everyone gives their account.  But when Mrs. Yoop attempts to use the Belt to escape, the Belt winds up on Ozma's waist.  Not trusting her to keep her word about using the Belt for only one wish, Ozma had wished that if she attempted a second wish the Belt would return to her. 


Ozma returns Miss Lillian to her original form, but makes her wear a pearl ring that will turn dark if she keeps complaining.  When next they visit her, they will reward her if it's white, but punish her if it's dark.  Mrs. Yoop, however, is turned back into a monkey, but this time a plain brown one.  The green color goes to Potch the toad, whose annoyed that now everyone will assume he's a frog.  When Potch points out that now that she's a simple brown monkey, she should be able to regain her Yookoohoo powers, Ozma places an emerald ring on her finger that will prevent her from using magic.  And if she takes off the ring, they'll know.


Continuity notes:

Button Bright: The apparent age and characterization of Button-Bright is intentionally written comically, as a kind of parody of this character in Baum's stories, and cannot be taken at face value, particularly given the late date in which this story is set.  It does, however, predicate that the story take place prior to The Time Travelers of Oz.  See "Dating" below.


Dating: The internal "90 years before" date (on page 5) should be considered a historian error.  The story cannot take place after 1983, as Mrs. Yoop's green monkey's form was then given to her husband Mr. Yoop in "The Fate of the Yoops, or The Yookoohoos of Oz," which can take place no later than 1982 (as it was published in 1983).  On page 9, Mrs. Yoop hints that her enchantment into a green monkey took place "50 years ago" (though this is contradicted on page 10 by Potch who says she's been trying to break the spell for over "80 years"). This story must also take place prior to The Law of Oz, when Ozma was made to realize that she must allow the Yookoohoos their natural right to use magic. The Royal Timeline of Oz recognizes the "50 years ago" date as the more accurate one and places it in 1958.


Lonesome Duck: The Lonesome Duck from The Magic of Oz, gets a visit from the Emerald City only once a year due to her low tolerance of company.  His irascible personality continues to not engender friendship in others.


Mrs. Yoop: Mrs. Yoop has been walking four hours to the Wogglebug's library every two weeks, poring over magic books for "decades" (page 3), trying to find a way to reverse her condition.  She's been living in a house on the border of the Munchkin-Gillikin Countries with the toad Potch for around 50 years.  Because she's been known to raid food from those in the Emerald City (The Magic Umbrella of Oz), her house is likely located on the Munchkin side of Squee-Gee Ville.  She has attempted to keep her identity a secret, though Potch seems to think everyone knows who she is anyway.  The desperation Moyna (Mrs. Yoop) experiences, after having gotten the Magic Belt but failed to disenchant herself, likely exacerbates her bad choices in the events of The Magic Umbrella of Oz, which occurs several years later.  Because she's back to being a green monkey at the start of that story, it appears that she risked taking off the emerald ring Ozma gave her to try her powers, an event that likely precipitated her return to the green monkey form.


The Stork: The stork from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz reappears here.  She is named Herrona, is married and has children.  While this is her third-post Baum appearance after The Lavender Bear of Oz and A Small Adventure in Oz, it is chronologically the second one, with The Lavender Bear of Oz preceding it.  In this one, she requests the favor the Scarecrow promised her all those years ago.












Outsiders from Oz


Story: When a restless Ozma is told about a mysterious hole that has appeared in Jack Pumpkinhead's pumpkin patch, she takes a brief leave of duty to investigate. Meanwhile, Button-Bright and the Wizard are going to Glinda's Palace to examine a watch that belonged to Button-Bright's father (the watch given to Button-Bright's father in this tale was given to him by the wizard of Baum's short story "The Glass Dog.") But an accident along the way finds them suddenly stranded across the Deadly Desert in the ruined Kingdom of Scowleyow, where strange mechanical animals lay strewn about.  Enamored with them, Button-Bright takes a mechanical butterfly with him.  Leaving that country, they end up in Mo, where they seek an audience with the Monarch of Mo, who tells them they can get assistance from the Sorceress Maetta. 


Ozma and the Sawhorse, meanwhile, follow the hole into an underground passage, and soon come across Ruggedo who seems to have forgotten who they are.  He claims to have been helping a Scowly, who had arrived by Ork, build an underground tunnel.  Soon enough, they also encounter a tiny man known as a Dolom, whose name is Marmo.  He explains that the tunnel that  Scowly and the Nome had built over the last few months ran right through their cavern, trapping some of them.  When Ozma says that she's investigating, Dolom says he cannot wait any longer, and several Dolom's take Jack's head as ransom.  With no choice, Ozma follows and agrees to remove the tunnel right away, which with her Silver Wand, she accomplishes.


Later, after conjuring up food from herself and Ruggedo, the travelers meet a Yoop in the tunnels named Lola, from Orkland.  She had also befriended Ruggedo and had been helping Scowly build the tunnel.  After introductions, they journey on. 


The Wizard and Button-Bright, meanwhile, make the acquaintance of Princess Truella, who decides to escort them to the Maetta's palace by means of stork.  The sorceress Maetta examines the watch and concludes that winding it counterclockwise enables them to transport, but she cannot fix it, advising them to travel to Hiland, where the residents are adept at repairing things.  Truella agrees to accompany them.  When Maetta's servant, however, sees the mechanical butterfly that Button Bright has, she reacts, and reluctantly reveals taht she is from the Kingdom of Scowleyow.  Her people were not destroyed after all, but fled before the Cast Iron Man had returned to destroy the city, some into Mo and others other lands.  Returning to the Kingdom of Scowleyow, they wonder why the clockwork animals were made.  As they examine some, Truella falls into a pit inhabited by Koptera, small winged salamanders that breathe fire.  With a magic word, the Wizard keeps them at bay, helping Truella out of the pit.  Traveling the next morning, they encounter another hole in the ground, but this time, it's Ozma and her companions that they encounter.


Upon seeing Ruggedo, Button-Bright blurts out that it's the old Nome King, causing Ruggedo to remember and to grow resentful.  Ozma speaks to him, as well as Lola, but the former Nome King is torn and unhappy.  Ozma explains to the Wizard that they found him in the tunnel, and that "he'd lost his memory again."  Suddenly, Scowleyow bursts from underground from inside the domed head of his new Cast-Iron Man, and grabs the Wizard and Ozma, explaining that he'll keep them hostage until after he revenges himself on Mo and forces the Ozites to recognize him as king.  When Scowleyow finds out that the Wizard is useless without his black bag, he tosses him away, and turns the Cast-Iron Man around to retrieve it.  Fortunately for the Wizard, an Ork is passing by and saves him.


Button-Bright conceives of a plan using the Wizard's dama juice, which makes them invisible, to trip up the Cast-Iron Man using Truella and the Wizard's bag as bait.  Ozma comes up with a similar plan and uses her wand to cause a giant boulder to rise up in the water upon which they're treading through, tripping the Cast-Iron Man and releasing her from his grip.  The Wizard arrives with some Koptera along, and has them heat up the water with their fiery breath, forcing Scowleyow to depart the domed head of the Cast-Iron Man, upon which they capture him.


While the heroes of Oz await the Ork who departs to bring more back for them, Ruggedo confesses to Lola that he realizes what a bad king he'd been, and asks her to live with him in Oz.  Lola sympathizes, but tells him that she has her own family to go back to, and that he should speak to Ozma. When the Orks arrive, they carry Lola to Orkland, the Wizard and Button-Bright to Hiland, and everyone else, including Scowleyow to Mo. 


Ozma greets the Monarch of Mo, and delivers Scowleyow into his care.  Ruggedo speaks to Ozma who says he should stay with Jack Pumpkinhead on his pumpkin patch.  The Wizard and Button-Bright return in time for the evening festivities.  With Maetta's help, they coordinate the watch with the Wizard's compass, enabling everyone to return to Oz.  In the throne room, stands a tall man and a short one with a large metal craft behind them.


Continuity notes: Outsiders from Oz revisits several characters and places from Baum's The Magical Monarch of Mo.


Dating: According to the account, the Nome King is wandering Oz by Ozma's permission.  The text is unclear as to how Ruggedo lost his memory, and Ozma doesn't probe too deeply into the matter, content in the knowledge that he'd lost it. 


Ruggedo: The kinder side of Ruggedo is on display here, and although some of his old personality returns as he regains his memory and resentments, his behavior here does establish a gradual progression toward his later redemption during the events of Dr. Angelina Bean in Oz


Zoop: In his review, Nathan Mulac DeHoff notes that, "The Zoop was actually a creature who appeared in a few of Baum’s silent films, but never made it into the books. It’s sort of ape-like, but with a tail like a kangaroo. It’s quite possible that it was just a costume someone working on the movies happened to find, and Baum called it a Zoop. The title cards to The Patchwork Girl of Oz and The Magic Cloak of Oz refer to it as “the lonesome Zoop.” In Outsiders, Jared gives some background to Zoops, making them residents of Orkland and very skilled diggers." (see here for a full review)












Yankee in Oz


41st book in the Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy Five, and Ruth Plumy Thompson's return to Oz after thirty-three years! 


History: Courtesy of the International Wizard of Oz Club, Thompson's 20th volume of Oz historyillustrated by Dick Martin (ranking him Royal Illustrator of Oz)saw publication in 1972.


Story: Eleven year old Thomas P Terry, called Tompy, sets off with his drum for the parade in Pennwood Pennsylvania.  When Hurricane Hannah erupts during the parade, the storm sweeps him into the sky, eastward, to a deserted beach.  The tide brings in a cylindrical object, a space capsule, inside of which is a two-year old dog named Yankee, who had orbited four times before landing on the strange beach. 


After Yankee discovers he can talk, he joins with Tompy on his journey east, where they past wheat fields, hills and trees and come upon a Welcome Well, which cures people of their ills.  They then see a sign for Wackajammy and spy a golden castle.  Outside it are a group of dignitaries dressed in  yellow.  King Jack-a-lack tells them they've been expecting them, as their Chief Counselor Yammer Jammer has prophesied that two would come from afar to rescue Princes Doffi, his aunt, who manages the country and does much of the hard work.  Wackajammy, they discover, is on the Winkie River, in the northwest part of the Winkie Country of Oz, and they supply the "whole west" with its wheat and baked goods.  When Tompy and Yankee try to get away, Yammer Jammer catches Tompy and locks him up, but Yankee turns up with a key and a book that the Chief Counselor had been reading.  The pair escape and hide in the wheat fields, where they learn that the book is called "Mind Reader" and can do just that for anyone they choose.  On their way out of town, they question why the people aren't working, and discover it's because Aunt Doffie isn't there to tell them what to do. 


Yankee tells Tompy he's the first American dog in space, as far as he knows.  They then come across Slug-a-bug, a giant anteater who warns them away from the town they're heading towards.  They proceed anyway into Tidy Town, but apart from its tidiness, are unable to find any residents.  They enter a storehouse looking for food and discover that each of the many packages that line the storehouse contain different residents.  Pouring the contents of one package into a bowl and following the instructions, they bring a carpenter to life.  Opie tells them that every few years the citizens of Tidy Town are remixed and repackaged.  Last time he was a painter.  Max is the town planner and mix-master. 


When they start to leave, they discover that others have been brought to life, and suddenly Max captures them.  He explains that he was once king of Hotchinpotch, which he describes as a contrary and lazy kingdom of ne'er-do-wells.  He left and started Tidy Town when he discovered the abandoned cabin of a magician.  In it were potions that combined with the leaves of a chamois tree and mixed with the gold spoon, brings the citizens to life.  He chose no women or children, as he finds them a bother.  Yankee asks if he'd like to hear their story, but he declines.  After mixing an extra-large batch, he brings to life a giant guardsman named YZ, who keeps the boy and dog prisoner.  Max wants them to become his listeners, and will even provide them a house if they listen to him for two hours in them morning and evening.  His creations can't do that as they're only interested in the jobs they're mixed to do. 


When he leaves, Tompy drums up a beat, which causes YZ to march out of the door.  Yankee takes the gold spoon on their way out.  When they reach a river, Yankee accidentally hits YZ with the gold spoon, which causes him to turn back into powder.  To cross the river to the Gillikin Country, they hop on a log, which happens to be alive.  He introduces himself as Tim Ber, a Trav-e-log.  Yankee tells him to take them somewhere they can eat, and the log shoots up into the air and flies east over the trees, dropping them at a woodman's cottage at the edge of the forest.  Axel the woodcutter greets them and gives them food, and explains that Tim came from a live oak tree he'd cut down for Joe King.  The trav-e-log now likes to give rides, but only one per customers.  Yankee asks if he'd like to hear their story, but he declines.  After dinner, Axel tells them they have to leave as he doesn't keep anyone overnight.


They next follow a magical lantern to a beautiful and dreamlike realm called the Land of Lanterns, where the lantern-headed people dance in their enchanted gardens.  Two of the Lanternese people come to greet them, Flicker and Blaze.  They touch Tompy's jacket buttons and Yankee's tail, making them glow and thrilling the pair.  Tompy concludes it's cold light (his uncle is a scientist), while Yankee determines they're a gentle people.  They follow Blaze and Flicker to their gathering and spend the night dancing and playing music.  When they grow tired, Flicker takes them to a bamboo house with flowers, where they fall asleep. 


In the morning, they find the Lanternese asleep and their internal lights out.  The travelers regretfully depart and head east to the purple Upandup Mountain.  After refreshing themselves by a pond, they're greeted by a bewitching butterfly girl, named Su-posy, who tells them to pick the flowers that grow on her head.  She spends her days flying over the mountain, distributing her posies to the many castles and shepherds that live on the mountain.  She warns them of the dangerous mountaineer who lives on the mountain top, and tells of his sad prisoner who keeps his cave there.


Halfway up the mountain, they meet Jinnicky the Red Jinn of Ev, who befriends them.  Summoning Ginger, he feeds them and provides music, which Tompy joins in on, much to Jinnicky's delight.  But the sound brings out the man on the mountain who starts complaining and throwing rocks down on them.  The Red Jinn gets out an umbrella to protect them.  Incensed, he seeks to punish the mountaineer.  He tells his companions that he'd just come from visiting Randy and Kabumpo in Regalia.  Yankee asks if he wants to hear their story, but Jinnicky is anxious to depart.  He brings his new friends aboard his jinrikish and they fly up to the top.  Upon landing, a small woman tries to warn them away, saying it's Badmannah the Terrible's mountain, but he comes out and grabs and shakes her.  Yankee and Tompy pursue him and make him drop the woman, while Jinnicky hurls a jar of red pepper at his head.  Summoning Ginger, he tells her to bring the woman back to his castle. 


Badmannah returns with a net to hunt for another princess to cook and clean after him.  They then realize that the woman they just saved was the Princess of Wackajammy.  Hauling his magic net, Badmannah ensnares the palace of the Emerald City, intending to make Ozma his slave.  Once on the mountain, he ushers the palace residents into his cave, but Ozma and the Wizard are nowhere in sight.  Jinnicky spells the castle with a blue bubble, preventing anyone from entering or leaving it.  He then retreats with Tompy and Yankee to his red castle in Ev. 


Tompy and Yankee meet Alibabble and the princess, while the Jinn prepares to deal with the mountaineer.  She tells them that Badmannah abducted her a week earlier and with his magic magnifying glass and magic net, has been stealing the treasures of the neighboring castles and kingdoms.  Leaving the princess behind to prepare a feast for them when they return, the Red Jinn, Tompy and Yankee leave for Upandup Mountain. 


Once there, Tompy gets lucky and drums up the exact beat that opens Badmannah's cave.  Badmannah then locks them in.  Smelling people, Yankee opens up a chest and dives in, only to disappear!  Jinnicky figures out what happened and where the evil mountaineer put the Ozites.  He uses his magic to release Yankee who confirms that the Ozites are in there.  Jinnicky taps the earlier sequence Tompy used to escape the cave, and in so doing, traps Badmannah, who'd been spying on them.  Yankee bites his hand, forcing him to drop the magic net, which Yankee then takes.  Dahing off for the jinrikisha, the three fly off just as Badmannah frees himself.  On Yankee's suggestion, they fly back and Tompy throws the net over Badmannah, just as Jinnicky instructs the net to take him to the bottom of the Nonestic and keep him there.


After the three groom themselves, Jinnicky bursts the protective bubble over the castle and they enter.  Thinking Ozma and the Wizard to be enchanted, they begin looking around for them.  Yankee mentions a covered picture, which reminds the Red Jinn to check the Magic Picture for Ozma, and there he sees she's in Badmannah's treasure cave.  There they go and free her.  Overjoyed at all they've accomplished, Ozma explains that she'd been looking for a costume for Jack Pumpkinhead's party when the castle rose up into the air and landed on the mountain.  As the mountaineer began driving the others into the cave, Ozma swallowed a wishing pill and wished everyone to a safe place.  The Wizard, meanwhile, had been visiting Glinda, and wasn't around.  After telling their story they go off to the magic chest where Jinnicky uses his magic to free the Ozites.  They decline going back to the Emerald City, as Tompy is anxious to go home.  So, using the Magic Belt, Ozma wishes the palace and its residents back to the Emerald City.


The Red Jinn escorts Tompy and Yankee back to his keep, where a big celebration, prepared by Princess "aunt" Doffi awaits them.  Although she declines to stay with Jinnicky, she promises to come for his birthday, at which Jinnicky says he'll have seven birthdays a year.  After a tearful parting, he sends her home.  He's sad to see Tompy and Yankee go so soon after, and gives them medals.  After whispering into Yankee's ear, and giving Tompy one last present, he lets the pair take a final ride in the jinrikisha to their home in the outside world.  Yankee is sad about going back to the army base, and leaving Tompy.  Tompy thinks his father can talk the Air Force into releasing Yankee into their care, but the dog doesn't believe it works that way.  Tompy offers to lie about finding him, but Yankee doesn't want him to be dishonest.  Suddenly, Yankee can no longer speak, and they know they're in the outside world (over South America) and in ten minutes are standing in Tompy's yard in Pennwood.  After giving the jinrikisha the words to return back to the Red Jinn, Tompy and Yankee go to his bedroom and fall asleep.  The next morning, Tompy's parents are thrilled to see their son, and they quickly take to Yankee.  His father calls the base and they return the dog.  Some time later, Tompy and Yankee go to visit the dog and ask about retiring him.  Though the commander is against it, Tompy opens up Jinnicky's final present to him, which makes the commander change his mind and discharge the dog to them.  A week later, Yankee is with Tompy, and can speak every day from 5 to 6 to Tompy alone.  The pair go on to do everything together, including reading about Jinnicky's early adventures in The Purple Prince of Oz, and Yankee finally gets to tell his full story to a mixed pack of dogs.


Continuity notes

Badmannah: This giant is strongly hinted at in The Giant King of Oz, where he's noted to have temporarily partnered with Mr. Yoop after the latter's escape from prison.


Dating: The portion of the story in Oz and Ev takes place over the course of two days.  The denouement in Pennsylvania takes place within about a month's time.  Internal evidence indicates this story takes place on Labor Day, September 7-9, 1959.  The year is fixed as it's based on the real-life date of Hurricane Hannah.


Dogs in Space: Although the narrator indicates that Yankee's flight in space made the newspapers, in fact, only two monkeys (Able and Baker) were sent into space by the U.S. and there's no evidence of them having launched a dog into lunar orbit that year.  Two Russian dogs, Otvazhnaya (Brave One) and Snezhinka (Snowflake), along with a rabbit, Marfusha (Little Rabbit) were sent into space on July 2 1959.


Invisible Barrier: Jinnicky, Tompy and Yankee fly back and forth from Ev to Oz, but there is no mention of an invisible barrier between them.  This could either mean that it was taken down again, or that Jinnicky has a magical means of penetrating it (since he's a welcome guest).


Jinnicky the Red Jinn: Jinnicky notes on page 152 (repeated on the next page) that he'd studied red magic for 200 years.  He also claims to have invented red magic, and whether or not this is hyperbole (since he studied first under a "red" sorceress in a "red" country) it means he's studied magic for 200 years (Jinnicky doesn't know green magic, and appears to have focused his studies on red magic).  Because this story has a cardinal date of 1959, it gives us a cardinal date for the short story "Glinda and the Red Jinn" in 1759. 


Oz and the Outside World: Though it's through the mouth of a character who doesn't necessarily have all the facts, Thompson has Tompy indicate his belief (and likely hers) that Oz is not on earth.  On page 17, Tompy says that Oz is "between the earth and outer space," which would seem to indicate another dimension.  Then on page 31, he says "But we are not on earth.  We're way up here in Oz."


Red Jinn's Castle: Jinnicky's realm is described now as a more democratic one, with his central castle replicated in his citizen's smaller, but just as lavish castles (where they're kings of their own castles).  They still have to work in the mines to obtain the rubies, which is the source of their wealth.  How that works with Jinnicky's "share and share alike" policy is unknown.  Also, how Jinnicky gets away with mining rubies so close to the Nome Kingdom is a puzzle.


Su-Posy: This girl with butterfly wings who distributes posies grown on her head to all the castles on Upandup Mountain is also named Fern, and is the sister of Zim the Flying Sorcerer from the Seven Blue Mountains of Oz trilogy.  She first appears in Book 2.










Merry Go Round in Oz

40th book of the Famous Forty, Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy-Five, and the first by Eloise Jarvis McGraw and Lauren McGraw!  This also marks the first original Oz book illustrated by Dick Martin!


History: Spurred on after having read The Scalawagons of Oz, and finding it not up to snuff, Eloise Jarvis McGrow created with her daughter Merry Go Round in Oz.  Prior to her death, she gave Oz fans two other magnificent volumes, The Forbidden Fountain of Oz and The Rundelstone of Oz!   A fourth was began but not finished.  This is the only book of the Famous Forty to not have an author's note.


Story: In the town of Cherryburg, in Clackamas County, Oregon, foster-child Robin Satchiverus Brown is taken, along with the nine McGudgey brothers, to visit the carnival in the evening.  Robin heads for the merry-go-round.  Paying a little man, who encourages him to grab the brass ring, Robin is ushered towards a handsome horse.  After missing it the first five times, Robin catches it on the sixth.  With that, he and the merry-go-round horse fly up into the air and away, finally coming down gently in an unknown land. 


Robin's overjoyed to hear the horse talk.  The horse is surprised too!  Robin names her Merry Go Round.  Uncertain where he is, Robin determines to find a farm for food and directions.  But he discovers that Merry can only move in circles!  Several redbirds arrive, informing them that they're in the Quadling Country of Oz.  They sing like a calliope, which helps Merry canter in a straight line.  She's thrilled to be able to act more like a Real Horse, which she wants to become, than a wooden one.  Robin uses his harmonica to mimic the calliope, but before they're able to leave the meadow, a fox passes by, followed by hounds, horses and foxhunters, scaring Merry, who reverts to running in circles.  Wireweather, one of the huntsmen, has no interest in Robin, who he declares a kennel boy, but is fascinated by Merry, and reins her to two riders, forcing her to run in a straight line and jump over hedges.  They ride off to View Halloo, and the castle of the Master of Foxhounds, Yoicks III and Queen Tantivy.  They assign Merry and Robin to be trained, but Robin promises the frightened Merry that he'll find a way to escape.


Meanwhile, that same Tuesday morning in Pax-on-Argent, the capital of Halidom, in the Munchkin Country,   the pageboy Fess, who hails from across the river in Troth, discovers that on the day of the famous joust between Sir Gauntlet and Sir Greves, everyone is sleepy.  Even the horses and his pet flitmouse are sleepy.  Concerned, he goes to see the wyvern who guards the last of the three Golden Circlets of Halidom.  In ages past, Lurline gave Halidom three magic Circlets.  The first, worn by the king as a crown, gave the people knowledge and wisdom.  The second, worn on his arm, gave them strength.  The third, worn on the thumb, gave them skill in crafts.  The first was lost down a rabbit hole.  The third was taken by a poppinjay.  Now, Fess discovers to his horror that the second too is gone!  He rushes off to rouse his flittermouse and the royal family to explain that the missing Circlet is the reason everyone's sleepy.  Reluctantly, they arise, and at court, one of the knights suggests rousing an army, but he's reminded that armies and wars are against the law.  So, Prince Gules decides he'll wander Oz in search of the lost Circlets.  Fess and the flittermouse will go with him.


The next day, after telling the animals that they all can't go with them, Fess goes to feed the Unicorn (who eats flowers).  The Unicorn is a unique fairy animal from Lurline's band, who was gifted to the first Herald of Halidom.  She wants to go with them too, as she's bored, but he declines.  Fess convinces Prince Gules that they should sneak off after sunset so that all the animals don't go following them.  Gathering the Prince's horse, Federigo (who he calls Fred), they sneak off past the crenellated wall to the unknown lands beyond, where they make their way to a grove to eat and sleep.  The next morning, the Unicorn shows up, insisting on going with them.  She provides Fess a mount, which will help speed their journey along, as they have no idea where to look.  They come to a 'keep out' sign, which is followed by other warning signs.


In View-Halloo, the night before, Robin grows tired of the monotony of View Halloo.  His teacher Spots is an elderly hound, who trains Robin how to be a kennel boy.  When Robin explains that in his world, fox-hunting leads to the death of the foxes, Spots grows outraged at such barbarity, explaining that no fox is ever harmed here, only tagged, and Robin soon learns that they enjoy the game every bit as much as the hounds, horses and huntsmen, who regularly gather to discuss their strategies and maneuvers.  The next morning, Spots takes Robin to meet them, but Robin concludes that they're all obsessed with their sport, as it's all they talk about.  When he learns that he won't see Merry for a month until she passes exams, he protests, but Spots ignores him, so that night, he crawls out a window.  He bumps into Merry, who'd also escaped.  But the pair are soon spotted by a fox who calls out to the huntsmen who gear up to follow them.  Merry and Robin escape across the meadows and fields until Merry feels safe enough in a gorge by a waterfall to let Robin sleep.


The next morning, Merry (who doesn't sleep) tells Robin she'd been thinking about going to the Emerald City, which the redbird had earlier mentioned.  They come across a hut besides a river, and pull a cord to call for the ferryman.  A bent old man with a pink beard emerges from the hut.  Howzatagin agrees to ferry the pair across the river for free, though Robin gives him some raspberries.  The ferryman is grateful, as he doesn't like to fish since they're his friends.  He brings them to his hut on the other side of the river to meet his trout Richard, as well as the other animals he treats for various ailments.  Though not many people pass that way, he won't abandon his post, claiming to be the only ferryman in the Quadling Country, and an employee of the Municipal Interstate Rapid Transit Waterways System Commision of the Quadling Country of Oz, Inc.  He assures them that Ozma will send them home and tells them of the famous residents of the Emerald City, where he used to live.  Robin had never heard of Oz, but upon hearing of the fascinating people who live there, he and Merry begin longing to stay in Oz.


The party from Halidom, meanwhile, enter a valley of talking signs and encounter Bill Bored, the proprietor of Sign-Here, who speaks only through smoke signs from his pipe.  When they tell him their story, he tells them to ask the oracle in the coracle on the Link, and points the way.  On the climbing pathway, it begins snowing.  The party come to a black lake made of ink, which they realize is Link.  In its center is the coracle.  After signing the register, the coracle floats towards them.  Inside is a crystal ball that tells them to deposit three gold coins.  Prince Gules does so, and the ball tells them to ask three questions.  He asks where the recently stolen Circlet is, but the crystal ball shows them a crystal ball.  Angrily, Gules asks what that means, but the oracle only shows the same scene.  Before he can waste the last question, Fess asks how they can find the three Golden Circlets.  The ball then spells out a rhyme that says the first Circlet will lie unseen before their eyes, but that flight and chance will set it free.  Of the second Circlet, problems lie ahead, but to trust in the humblest of their number.  The third Circlet is in the hands of a future king and can be found in a roundabout way.  Fess jots down the riddles and the party head to the exit sign on the other side of the lake.  Impetuously, Fred pushes through the door, which turns out to be a kind of fire escape, leaving them tumbling from one sliding platform to another.  At the bottom, Fred shrieks that there's a lioncel!


Earlier, in the Emerald City, Dorothy, Ozma and the Wizard prepare an Easter party for all the children in the Emerald City.  Billina and Scraps agree to help, and the Cowardly Lion jokes they should get eggs from the Easter Bunny.  Ozma agrees, informing them that the Easter Bunny actually lives in Oz, underground in the Munchkin Country.  Dorothy volunteers to go place an order of several hundred Easter Eggs for the kids.  The Lion says she won't go without him, though he hates traveling by magic, whether by Wishing Pills, Flyaboutabus or whirling mountains, and Ozma uses the Magic Belt to send them to the entrance of the rabbit hole.  They descend into the burrow and discover lots of rabbits preparing holiday treats.  The Easter Bunny is overjoyed to meet them and take their order.  He gifts Ozma with the Great Egg, a valuable antique.


On their way out of the warren, they accidentally go the wrong way and end up at the same place Fess and his party have arrived.  Fred is scared by the Lion and the Lion angry that he's been called a name.  Dorothy's frightened by the flittermouse, which she thinks is a bat, and the flittermouse is upset too.  After Gules calls for silence, there are explanations and apologies.  Dorothy says she knows of Halidom from Sir Hokus of Pokes, who gets his armor there.  Fess's party knows of them from their Oztory books.  Dorothy suggests they get help from Ozma, but Prince Gules wants the fame and glory.  Fess acknowledges that, since they're missing the First Circlet, Gules is not very smart.  So Dorothy and the Lion agree to travel with them.  The across a a field of trees that grow food and drink, including bread and butter, peanut butter, doughnuts, marshmallows, lollipops, and cookies, as well as lemonade brooks and cocoa bushes.


Robin and Merry, meanwhile, end up in the Munchkin Country, but they can't find the Yellow Brick Road, so they take a blue road they hope will lead to it.  The road brings them to the city of Roundabout, which is made up of round houses and buildings and set within a giant sphere that sits inside a bowl-shaped hollow.  A road spins around the sphere, which fascinates Merry, and a sole bridge allows them entrance into the dome.  They meet the Roundheads, who are round and who bring them before their Sphere-Seer, Roundalay, who shows them around the city and how everything they make is round, even holes.  The Roundabouts look forward to meeting their king who will solve all their problems and take care of them forever.  Roundelay informs Robin that he is to be their king.  Robin protests, but the Sphere-Seer explains that it must be since their names are round, the way they arrived was by a round ring on a merry-go-round, and the prophecy states that the king would bring the thing and the treasure would be found.  They recently acquired a shiny circle treasure.  So, Robin is decked out with a crown and Merry, the Royal Symbol, with a robe.  They tell Roundelay that they can't stay as they're heading to the Emerald City, but he tells them they can't leave as the bridge has been shut.


Dorothy and Fess' party, meanwhile, arrive at a sign that says "Home," wherein they meet the Good Children and their nanny Miss Tot.  Prince Gules declares them all namby pambies, a feeling shared by the group, who try to move on from Good Children's Land.  When the Nannies see Dorothy's stained dress, however, they rush her to the Nursery.  The party go to rescue Dorothy, but end up surrounded by Nannies, insisting it's Naptime.  This aggravates the Lion who roars, scaring them away for a time.  They rescue Dorothy, but when the Prince and Fred nearly rush by their hiding place, Fess jumps in the way, causing Fred to stop short and Gules to accidentally drop the Great Egg, which dislodges a gold band from around it.  This turns out to be the first Golden Circlet of Halidom.  The flittermouse, Fred and the Prince rejoice that they're smart again, and marvel at how the oracle said it would lie unseen before their eyes.


As night comes, Dorothy ponders if they're in the Great Blue Forest, hoping they don't get lost.  In the morning, the Cowardly Lion goes exploring, reporting back that they are lost.  Following a stream leads them only deeper into the forest.  So they strike out into the forest again and find a path.  After following it for a time, a bird tells them they're headed to Roundabout, a name they recall from the oracle.  At the forest's end, they arrive at Roundabout, which looks to them like a giant crystal ball.  They head off to enter it, and soon come bursting in on Robin and Merry.  When Roundelay shows up, Prince Gules detects him as the peddler he saw in Pax-on-Argent, and they discover that he stole the third Circlet with the help of Sir Greves.  Robin leads the party to the tower where the "shining circle" is kept and guarded by the Machine.  As they touch the spiral stairs, which winds all the way up to the roof, the Machine appears, ringing out a loud alarm and placing discs across the platform to block their entrance.  The party retreat and consider various plans before going to sleep.  Dorothy wonders if the Circlet is even up there.


Unable to sleep, Flitter decides he'll determine for sure if the Golden Circlet is there, and flies up to where the Machine presides.  There he discovers a golden bracelet upon a cushion, and realizes that it's not the Golden Circlet they're looking for, which is much smaller.  Going closer he discovers that it's in fact the second Circlet!  Snatching it, he flies down and wakes up the others.  After giving Flitter a good deal of praise, the party recognize that the oracle's prophecy of Circlet #2 proved correct regarding trusting the smallest of their number, but they don't understand how the mention of roundabout for the Circlet #3 prophecy doesn't fit.


Before dawn, Merry takes Robin to Roundelay's room, where are various maps, including one that goes to Halidom.  Robin takes it to give to Prince Gules.  At dawn, when the bridge is lowered, as it is once every day, the party rush out to escape, but they're crowded by roundheads and Roundelay begins to withdraw the bridge.  But noting the spinning road that circles the dome, Merry invites everyone to jump on it, telling them that it's no different than a merry-go-round.  Although they're afraid, they follow Merry's example and make it safely onto the spinning road, after which they escape to freedom.  Merry hands Prince Gules the map he found, and the prince determines to head back to Halidom to ensure that the traitor Sir Greves doesn't steal the kingdom while he's away.  After a time they arrive at Halidom, where they're greeted by the people and King Herald and Queen Farthingale.


Prince Gules has Sir Greves brought before them and the ashamed knight tells his tale.  Although born to be a knight, he actually hated it, and instead enjoyed reading and gardening and cooking, the latter of which he especially had to conceal.  He met the peddler Roundelay and used him to get recipes from outside of Halidom, but he could never obtain the recipe for the national dish of Roundelay, Pi, which he became obsessed with.  Not realizing Roundelay was a scoundrel, he confessed to him his fears, and Roundelay promised to give him a courage and invulnerability potion in exchange for five minutes in the castle.  Greves refused at first until Roundelay promised him the recipe for Pi.  Thinking the man could do no harm since the Wyver guarded their only treasure, he conceded.


Dorothy and the others feel sorry for him, and she tells them that had he been allowed to cook, he'd not have gotten into this mess.  The others agree the jousting tradition is a silly one anyway.  Robin explains that the Roundheads are also a decent people who only wanted an occupation and a king so that they wouldn't have to be peddlers, and now that's been taken away from them.  King Gules understands but doesn't know what to do about them or Sir Greves, who the law states should be exiled to the Sandbar Sinister.  As they discuss the final prophecy of the oracle, they consider that Robin might have been the future king, but when they explain to him that the final circlet is smaller than the others, he pulls out the brass ring he'd pulled from the merry go round.  This turns out to be the missing Circlet!


With its discovery, Ozma pops onto the scene to congratulate and meet everyone at Halidom, including the Unicorn fairy that she knew long ago when they were part of Queen Lurline's fairy band.  Ozma explains that having heard their prior conversation, she intends to make Sir Greves the new king of Roundabout.  In this way, they'll not only have the king they desire, but one who loves to cook, and their famous pi can be their occupation.  Roundelay will serve him in this endeavor and the Machine can guard the recipe.  Greves is overjoyed, but Ozma tells him he must first make peace and end the feud with Sir Gauntlet.


King Herald releases Fess to become a knight of Troth, and makes him as well a knight of Halidom.  The king then announces that he's abdicating, and making his son King Gules the 65th Herald of Halidom.  As his first act as king, Gules promotes his horse Fred to Destrier and calls him Frederick the Great!  He also promises the Flittermouse a silver collar and the Unicorn daisy chains.  At the banquet that follows, Merry and Robin wonder what will become of them, but when Ozma, Dorothy and the Lion prepare to go home, they don't forget them, and Ozma asks Robin and Merry what they really want.  Robin says he doesn't have a home, but would love to live in Oz.  Merry says she no longer wants to be a Real Horse and also wishes to stay in Oz.  Ozma grants them their wish and invites them to live in the palace with them forever, and with the Magic Belt they head to their new home in the Emerald City.


Continuity notes:

Cultures: For an in-depth and fascinating analysis of Halidom and Roundabout's economy, class system, law and gender-roles, see J.L. Bell's note #34 on the BCF Pumperdink forum here.


Dating: This story takes place over the course of five days.  See the Day to Day Chronology for more details.  Internal evidence indicates that Day 3 of this story takes place a week before Easter in April (p. 136, 141).  This has to be taken in the sense of meaning near a week, as Day 2 is said to be a Tuesday (p. 44 and 276).  This is underscored by what Dorothy says on page 221, when she worries that if they spend any longer in the forest they'll miss the Easter Party, as well as when Ozma arrives on Day 5 (p. 290) and says that "Easter is tomorrow." In this latter statement, she must mean the eve of Easter, when the party is set to occur (since Easter is always on a Sunday).  The Royal Timeline of Oz places this story in 1960, which gives it a date of April 11-15. 


Flittermouse: This shy little winged mouse, who goes by the nickname Flitter, was set to return in the McGraws' fourth Oz book, which featured him and the Hungry Tiger.  Sadly, Eloise passed away before completing it.  The third chapter of that story, which takes place three years after the events of Merry Go Round in Oz is available in Oziana 1990.


Halidom: Halidom, Troth and Pax-on-Argent are very English-based countries in the Munchkin Country of Oz.  This is, in itself, not unusual, as there are Arabic communities, Scottish ones, American ones and communities that are entirely alien to known earthly cultures.  Halidom is visited again in The Seven Blue Mountains of Oz: Book 3: Zim Greenleaf of Oz, when Zim disposes of the wicked wizard, Wormfist the Evil, who operates from a nearby castle, and has enchanted the residents of Halidom for over two centuries.


Inconsistency: Although Baum had established that even the fish in Oz talk (pages 146 and 224 of Glinda of Oz), and Howzatagin has a pet fish named Richard, later on page 221, the party led by Dorothy and the Cowardly Lion catch and cook fish.  As with earlier mentions of this in Thompson's catalogue (Kabumpo in Oz, The Lost King of Oz, etc.), this discrepancy is explained in the forthcoming novella The Talking Animals of Oz.


Lurline: One of the few books from the original series to mention Lurline (along with The Tin Woodman of Oz, Glinda of Oz, The Lost King of Oz, and The Magical Mimics of Oz), the narrative notes that she gifted the three Golden Circlets, along with the Unicorn, who was part of her band, to the first king of Halidom.  The fact that the Unicorn recognizes Ozma and proclaims that she doesn't "look a day older" (p. 290) indicates that Ozma was initially the same "age" that she is now before becoming an infant and being given to Pastoria (the reason for this will be explained in the forthcoming book Death Comes to Oz.)  Lurline's known visits to Oz occur the two times she enchanted Oz, and it's the first in 1227.  The pattern of kings abdicating is set by the current 64th Herald of Halidom, but it is not stated whether there is a law in place, or tradition, which limits the time a king can rule.  There is 733 years spanning the 1st and 64th Heralds of Halidom, which would appear to limit their term to 11 or 12 years.  What became of the prior kings is unknown, though likely most died prior to Ozma's coming to power, leaving only the last few alive and well, perhaps living in Halidom as ordinary citizens.


Magic Picture: On page 291, Ozma notes that she needed the Wizard's magic radio to hear the conversations occurring in Halidom that she was viewing on the Magic Picture, indicating that this device is required to hear.  It seems likely then that the magic radio was set up near the Magic Picture in the past when Ozma and others heard conversation.  It's possible too that she doesn't keep it permanent with the Magic Picture out of courtesy so that she doesn't inadvertently hear private conversations.


Merry Go Round Attendant: It was initially intended that the Merry Go Round operator who steers Robin to Merry and then sends both to Oz might be someone from Roundabout, though the authors never got around to making that connection.


Neighboring Kingdoms: Although not much is said of it, bordering the shield-shaped Valley of Argent, in which Halidom and Troth lie, is Bezanty.  In the center of Troth and Halidom is the River Argent, within which lies the Sandbar Sinister, in which they exile their lawbreakers, gyrons and wyvers.  In the mountains north of them live leopards, lions and dragons.


Robin Brown: Robin's age isn't quite known, though it is stated that he was an orphan for 10 years.  At what age he was orphaned is unknown.  Robin appears again in 


Roundabout and Roundabout Way: There are some striking resemblances to the Roundheads and Round-abouties from The Giant Horse of Oz, and it seems likely that they are one in the same.  Roundabout Way may represent a kind of recreation center or vacation spot for the otherwise hardworking Roundheads (who might also be called Round-abouties), who blow off steam by dancing around in circles.  Nathan DeHoff notes on the BCF Pumperdink forum that Roundabout is " similar to the community of the Round-Abouties that Trot, Benny, and the Scarecrow visit in GIANT HORSE.  Despite its idiosyncracies, however, Roundabout is a relatively realistic city with a fairly successful economy, while the Round-Abouties apparently don't do anything but dance around in circles (i.e., the McGraws' take on the "round" theme is more developed and realistic than Thompson's).  I actually asked Eloise about the similarity at a Munchkin Convention, and she said she hadn't read GIANT HORSE before writing MERRY GO ROUND."


Themes: Reviewer Mari Ness, on's "Travels in Fairyland" article, notes Merry Go Round in Oz's main theme is that of the need to change the status quo: "Overall, the book can be seen as an argument against holding to static roles and refusing change: not just Halidom, but Roundelay, the Good Children, and View Halloo all harm themselves or others by refusing change or any threats to the status quo. It’s a surprisingly subversive message, harking back to the Baum books, especially in a book that outwardly appears to celebrate aspects of the very traditional culture of the British aristocracy (hunting, heraldry and so on), however humorously."


Tribute: In the pages of Autumn 2001 issue of The Baum Bugle, writer/editor Atticus Gannaway wrote a fitting tribute to Eloise McGraw: "Flipping through MERRY GO ROUND today, I can see and articulate the indications therein of a writer who knows what she is doing. The dialogue and  characterizations exude personality and life. I come to the passage about the  travelers' escape from Roundabout, when the animals in the party must bound on  the whirling road like carousel creatures, and I smile as I read that "the  Unicorn wore the affronted expression of a duchess being forced to dance a  jig." I watch Robin grow from a timid, lonely boy afraid to expect anything but  disappointment to a boy who dares to ask for what he most wants--a home in  Oz--and is rewarded for his brave vulnerability. We all root for him, because we all ARE him. Indeed, it is satisfying to note that the official Oz canon ends  with the Cowardly Lion's welcoming Robin to Ozma's palace, where the boy will finally belong. The final paragraph is just two words: "Welcome home!" But what a great deal is contained in that sentence. Any true writer understands the emotions and desires of a human being, and Eloise McGraw ends the book with the  acknowledgment of that most basic need of all, the one which lends a common  humanity to everyone: feeling a sense of belonging--feeling loved."


Unicorns: A welcome footnote from the author appears on page 73 notes that there are other unicorns in Oz, a references to Loo from The Magic of Oz and Roganda and her unicorns from Ojo in Oz.  Halidom's unicorn is noted as being unique by virtue of the fact that she's a fairy unicorn and was once part of Lurline's band.  There is the unicorn Monokeros, from The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz, who is the "Lord of All Beasts," and who would likely not identify as a fairy animal as much as a kind of elemental that governs all animals (or all fairy animals).  









Toto of Oz


Book 52 of the Sovereign Sixty and Supreme Seventy Five, and Gina Wickwar's second published Oz book!


History: Author Gina Wickwar's first Oz story was originally sent to Ruth Plumly Thompson in the mid sixties.  Completed in the late eighties, it was circulated privately for a time by Fred Meyers of the International Wizard of Oz Club.  It finally saw publication in late 2006 by the International Wizard of Oz Club, elevating Wickwar to the status of the first Royal Historian following the end of Reilly & Lee.  Not to be confused with Chris Dulabone's Toto in Oz.


Story: As King Firth the Fourth prepares to say his vows to his beloved Princess Winifred on Christmas day, a roar and a mist comes forth, engulfing the room.  After three knocks and a flash of light, the Princess and her dog Skye have vanished!  In their place is a pool of icy water with words warning that the princess if forever lost and that anyone who leaves Kiltoon will forever wander the moors.  The king is besides himself with grief, particularly when no one volunteers to go rescue the princess.  So, he bands Christmas and New Year's festivities.


Four months later, the king has fallen into a deep depression and has banned birthdays and songs.  The king's counselors Loroad and Hiroad, along with the bard Sonny Burns, the Royal Poet of Kiltoon, are warned by Angus, the leader of the Kilty Guard, that if they don't do something about the king, they will!  Sonny tries to speak to him, but to no avail, and the king's owl Mac Tavish chases him from the room.  Sonny then gets an idea from looking at an Oz history book that if he goes to the Emerald City to bring back Toto--who looks like the missing Skye--it'll cheer up the king and prevent an insurrection.  Hiroad and Loroad give him an old bagpipe that was used to defend the kingdom; it can lift him out of harm's way and overcome his enemies.  Sonny also brings along an enchanted tam that grants its wearer invisibility.  It was given him by an ancient wizard who was the cousin of Merlin.


In the Emerald City, meanwhile, it has been raining and getting everyone down, and Toto has a nightmare of being chased by Kalidahs.  He wakes up to Dorothy making him "it" in a game of hide-and-seek, but while searching for his friends he discovers to his dismay that he's once again lost his growl.  Ugu stole it the last time (The Lost Princess of Oz), and he's convinced someone has stolen it this time too.  So, Toto runs off, much to Dorothy and Ozma's dismay.  Toto heads towars the Gillikin Forest, but tells Scraps to tell Dorothy that he's going to visit the Tin Woodman. 


In the U.S., meanwhile, young Davy buys a tartan for Lollipop, the Shetland Pony that he takes care of at Churchill Downs.  The shopkeeper jokes that it's an enchanted tartan, and indeed when he puts it on the pony and mounts her, they vanish!


Sonny, meanwhile, sneaks away from his castle and crosses the moors.  The next morning he comes to a lake with a waterfall, and out of it arises a vicious sea creature that wraps its coils around him and drags him down to the bottom.  There, Sonny learns the creature's name is Seasil, and meets his guardian, the Lady of the Lake, a tall, beautiful Sea Faery named Finna, who wields a trident and wears a goldfish necklace.  Besides her is Roccus, a short, squat, fish-eyed being.  Finna magically supplies food for Sonny, but is reluctant to talk about her former home in the Nonestic.  Her servant Seaweed escorts him to his room.  At dinner, Finna asks about Sonny's king, and he tells them the history of Kiltoon and how he's on a quest to bring Firth a pet that will cheer him up.  Finna understands as she views Seasil as her pet.  But when Sonny mentions that it's Toto he intends to bring, Finna grows furious, forbids it and locks Sonny up.  The poet puts on his tam and becomes invisible.  He then takes Finna's trident and dives back into the water.  But Seasil follows to devour him, so Sonny throws the trident down the creature's throat, dissolving him into a stream, which hardens into a bony bridge, which he crosses.


Davy and Lollipop, meanwhile, appear on a lake shore called the Isle of Sandwich, where they're greeted by walking, talking condiments who tell him he's in the Land of Oz.  They take them before their King Goober, passing by various sapient vegetables and lunch meats playing sports and games.


Coming to another lake, Sonny discovers a rowboat and takes it across, but he's soon engulfed in fog and is started to discover MacTavish the Owl (who he calls Tavy) has come to join him and look after him.  They make their way to a black sand island used for oil derricks.  The angry inhabitants of the Isle of Grease take them before their King Petrol, who resides in a black marble city.  Oilslick accuses him of being a spy.  The king puts aside his Oil Street Journal to hear Sonny's story, but then responds that he's never heard of Kiltoon or the Emerald City. If the poet competes in the Spring Games, however, he'll allow him to depart.  Slip-Slide escorts Sonny through the marketplace to the playing fields where hundreds of athletes compete in various matches.  Sonny is brought before his opponent, the huge Castor.  The poet suggests they compete at a the caber toss, which is unknown in Grease.  After explaining the contest, Petrol agrees, but when Sonny beats Castor, the king grows angry and orders him throw in the Grease Pit.  Sonny then blows on his bagpipes, which push the king and his guards to the ground, and lifts the poet and owl in the air, as they float over the city back to their boat.  At the opposite side of the lake they continue their journey southward until making camp for the night.


After spending the night at a farmer's house, Toto enters a dark forest populated by animals, and soon falls into a hole where he meets Sir Gladstone, a guinea pig who produces gold guineas.  After hearing his tale, Gladstone decides to join Toto on his quest, and they spend the night in his den. 


Finna is in a rage, meanwhile.  She'd been banished to Oz after it was discovered she'd been luring sailors to their deaths against hidden rocks.  Her exile can only be mitigated by her marrying a king.  Having determined that Firth of Kiltoon would be her betrothed, she enchanted Princess Winifred and sent her far away, and ensured the people wouldn't try to find her.  But with Sonny out there, she worries that he might succeed in bringing Toto to Kiltoon.  Finna had stolen Toto's growl in order to make her enchantment work, and if he growls three times in Kiltoon, her spell will break.  So, looking in on them in her magic fish bowl, she sees Toto in the Gillikin Forest and casts a spell.


Davy and Lollipop, meanwhile, are greeted by the king of the Isle of Sandwich who calls for Pita the Sand Witch to join them.  Although she's the only magic-worker on the island, she doesn't practice magic on account of Ozma's law.  Davy and the pony are surprised to find Pita is human, but she's puzzled that the pony doesn't speak, and concludes that water magic is involved.  Since the tartan was enchanted by water magic, the only kind that can prevent an animal from talking, in Kiltoon, the blanket must be destroyed there in order for Lollipop to speak again.  King Goober lends them his boat and two oarsmen, Honey and Chutney, to help them cross the lake to get to Kiltoon.


Toto and Gladstone, meanwhile, come upon a wall, out of which comes a man who abducts Toto and runs off.  Toto is brought inside Dog Pound, where dogs of all kinds have been chained to posts in front of doghouses.  His neighbor, a boxer named Cleo, tells him he's been there a year since his master can't afford the fines.  The king and queen, Rex and Queenie arrive, assessing that Toto will fetch a handsome price, explaining to the dog that if he misbehaves, no notice will be placed at the city gates so that he can be claimed.  Cleo, however, tells him that because so few know of Dog Pound, which is hidden in the Gillikin Forest, and those who do can't afford the fines, no dogs are ever rescued.


Davy and Lollipop try to cast off, but their boat is grounded on a sandbar, and before long the Card Sharks arrive.  These are sharks who like to play cards, and they insist on playing on the condition that if Davy wins they'll help them off the sandbar.  But after winning 25 games in a row, Davy comes to realize they're too good.  When a storm brews, however, their boat is freed and they row away to the disappointment of the sharks.


Gladstone, meanwhile, waits till morning and sees a posting of Toto put up.  But the dognapper tells him that only a human can pay the fines.  Incensed at this, Gladstone goes looking for a human, but they're rare in this part of the forest.  Climbing a hill, however, he comes upon Sonny and MacTavish.  Sonny is glad to help, but the owl prevents him from telling the full story of his quest for Toto.  Going to Dog Pound with Gladstone's gold coins to pay the fine, Toto objects, telling him he mustn't legitimize what Rex and Queenie are doing, especially since there remain hundreds of dogs who'll never go free.  Toto demands their release, but the king and queen refuse, stating they've ruled there for years, but Toto warns them that if Ozma finds out they're keeping animals against their will, they'll face her wrath!  Toto says they'll pay for all of the animals on the condition they never capture another one again.  The queen concedes, figuring she'll be rich enough to retire to a farm.  Gladstone draws them a map to one of his treasure after they give Sonny the keys to Dogwood.  When they depart, Sonny releases every captive, who thank them and take off in search of their families.


The owl Tavy entices Toto with tales of Kiltoon and invites them to come for a visit.  Intrigued by the journey and still anxious to find his growl, Toto concedes.  Setting northeast they come across a lake so vast it looks like an ocean.  So, creating a raft from driftwood, they begin their journey.  Finna spies upon them in her fish bowl and casts a spell to have a storm destroy Toto.  With that, the seas rage, icy rain falls and just as they see another boat pass them, a bolt of lightning hits their raft, splintering it and sending them into the waters. 


Toto finds Tavy and Sonny on the shore along with the survivors of the other boat.  Sonny introduces himself and his companions.  Davy explains they're headed to Kiltoon to destroy the blanket so that his pony can speak.  Sonny agrees to escort them, allowing Honey and Chutney to return home.  Tavy leads them to bread and butter and fruit salad trees and they go to sleep. 


In the morning, the six build a new raft and head off north.  But discovering that Toto's still alive, Finna transforms a vulture into a black rye bird, "one of the most powerful and wicked birds in all magicdom."  In moments, it swoops down and snatches away everyone with a large net, but Toto dives into the water in the nick of time.  With his friends gone, he determines to rescue them and paddles north to land.  Suddenly, three orks descend for a rest.  Having never met one before, Toto recounts his tale and asks for their help. 


When the rye bird discovers he's failed to catch the dog, he drops the net on a skyhook and flies off.  Gladstone chews a hole in the net and the owl flies out, where he encounters the orks.  They grab the net and bring it to the ground, after which they return to Orkland.  Searching for Toto, the party find him barking at a group of kalidahs.  The creatures, however, prove to be friendly and Toto apologizes.


The next morning, after traveling for a time, they find themselves back at Finna's lake, where they cautiously cross the bridge.  Roccus surprises them and grabs Davy, but the boy fights back, causing Roccus to fall into the lake where he turns into a lake bass.  Finna then sends an army of soldiers over the bridge, but each one the party knock into the lake becomes a fish.  Seeing as they're outnumbered, Gladstone chews on the bridge, and as it falls, they all leap through the waterfall into Finna's grotto.  Finna confronts them, but as she begins to cast a spell on Toto, Gladstone attacks her, causing her spell to fall upon him.  He transforms into a gold coin, and it is a one-way transformation.  Angered, Toto, Davy and Lollipop knock out Finna.  Retrieving the coin and tying her up, they use Sonny's bagpipe to flee the grotto. 


The next day, they arrive at last at Kiltoon, where they're greeted by Hiroad and Loroad.  The king, however is disinterested and distracted,  Confused by his behavior, Sonny confesses that he'd planned to bring Toto there in order to cheer the king up and explains what happened.  Firth is grateful to them, but explains that Toto's presence doesn't address the real issue.  Davy asks about the blanket they must destroy so that Lollipop can speak, but after Firth throws it in the fire nothing happens.  Just then Angus and the Kilty Guards march in to depose the king.  Toto then rediscovers his grow, but then Finna arrives, threatening Toto.  Firth stops her just as Ozma and Dorothy, wearing the Magic Belt, pop in the room.  Having heard Queen Aquareine's story, Ozma upbraids Finna and tells her she must restore Gladstone, but the only way to do that would be for her to take on the form of a gold coin.  Refusing, she attacks Dorothy to get the Belt, but Toto growls three times.


With that, Lolipop is disenchanted and becomes again Princess Winifred.  The king and everyone celebrate, but Toto leaps at Finna's whose trying to cast a spell.  He rips off her goldfish necklace, and she transforms into a goldfish.  Dorothy then uses the Magic Belt to switch Finna into the gold coin, releasing Gladstone from the spell.  Word spreads and the people of Kiltoon rejoice.  The king and Ozma address them and a great celebration ensues as he recommences his wedding.


Later that night, Winifred approaches a saddened Davy to thank him for having given her his love and protection.  To stave off his unhappiness, she suggests they discover the mystery of the tartan.  Davy asks Gladstone for help and the guinea pig eats the blanket, after which Winifred's dog Skye rappears, thanking Davy for saving him and finding him in the old shop.  Winifred and Firth invite Davy and Gladstone to remain and live with them in Kiltoon.  Toto promises Dorothy never to run away again, unless someone steals his growl.


Continuity notes:

Dating: Story begins on Christmas eve.  Two chapters later, the main thrust of the action takes place in the beginning of May.  The year is not listed, but must take place prior to when the author wrote it in the mid-1960s.  Not counting the day in December, the story takes place over the course of six days.


Finna: A powerful Sea Fairy, who Queen Aquareine exiled to a lake in Oz when she discovered Finna had been luring sailors to their deaths.  Aquareine grants that if Finna can marry a king, she'll allow her back in the Nonestic.  Finna is capable of powerful magic.  She can create sea monsters like Seasil and transform fish into other beings, and ordinary birds into powerful rye birds.  She can also do one-way transformative magic, like the Yookoohoo Moyna Yoop in The Tin Woodman of Oz.


Kiltoon: A Scottish community in the Gillikin Country, Kiltoon was once warlike, as clans fought amongst themselves.  This is in keeping with other Scottish named countries which appear in the Gillikin Country like Gilkenny.  King Firth is the fourth Firth.  They possess old magic, like a tam that can turn the wearer invisible, and a bagpipe that can flatten their enemies while lifting the player into the air.  This was presumably a gift to Sonny the Royal Poet of Kiltoon from ancient wizard who claimed to be Merlin's cousin. 


Water Magic: Pita, the Sand Witch, notes that Water Magic is the only thing that can prevent an animal from speaking in Oz.  How this relates to the situation with animals in Samandra













The Law of Oz and Other Stories


Available for purchase here!


History: The Law of Oz and Other Stories comprises three connected novellas and a bonus short story.  Time Travelers of Oz and The Lost Boy of Oz were originally published online at this site, while "Mothers of Oz" and The Law of Oz are exclusive to this volume.


Time Travelers of Oz

Story: After three days of attempting to show Ojo how to get lost, Button-Bright acknowledges that they've discovered a different kind of lostness, as the pair travel from the Gugu Forest in the Gillikin Country to the Winkie Country.  Resting in the bower of an old tree, a grey dove directs them to the Tin Woodman's castle.  Button-Bright recognizes him as the former magician Ugu the Shoemaker (The Lost Princess of Oz).  Ugu admits that over the past year he's been searching for the Ring of Time, which he'd learned of when he used to study magic.  The Ring of Time will propel him back into the past, where he hopes to warn his former self to not commit the same mistakes he did.  Button-Bright considers the possibility of going back in time, wishing he could be there the day Lurline enchanted Oz.  Suddenly he's gone!


Ugu realizes then that the Ring of Time is the very circle of roots that Button-Bright was laying within, so he and Ojo wish themselves back to the same time.  Ugu finds it strange that he doesn't remember anything from back then.  Ojo notices that the predominantly yellow color of the Winkie country is gone.  Then he realizes to his dismay that Button-Bright is nowhere to be found, and that Ugu can no longer speak!  He determines that it must be the morning before Lurline enchanted Oz.  Coming upon a wild field, Ojo spots a large, flat cloud descend, and upon it tall, beautiful fairies and a variety of animals.  Towards the center is a pavilion where the Fairy Queen herself is present.  A young girl, Onna Val, approaches them, explaining that Queen Lurline has been expecting them, having read of their trip from her Great Book of Records.  Onna adds that they're from the Land of An, where the Queen's brother runs things.  Lurline and her band have been away from An for years, traveling aboard Cloudcourt, enchanting various lands, including Mo and Ev, which she describes as a bust.


Onna takes them to Lurline, who warmly greets Ojo and the dove, feeds them and inquires as to Ojo's history.  Upon hearing his story, a she-wolf named Luba believes this confirms that Oz is meant to be enchanted, though a mockingbird named Avia questions whether it's a trick of some magician.  A flying catfish named Pesca wonders if some of the rulers of the enchanted lands, such as Queen Zixi, might even try to set themselves above Lurline, though the Fairy Queen is unconcerned, explaining that the Magic Eggs she breaks upon the lands do as they will.  But Luba and Pescus think they should stay awhile to guide the magic, as well as the land's inhabitants, so that there's not another repeat of the Wheelers.  The snake Herpetium suggests they question the grey dove, convinced he's a transformed being.  Ojo tells them Ugu's history and how it was the Nome King's Magic Belt which transformed him into a dove.  Lurline asks Herpetium to undo the spell, which he does, restoring Ugu to his natural human form.  But Ugu only weeps.


Cloudcourt takes off to the center of Oz, where Lurline prepares to break a Magic Egg, an egg laid by the Phoenix containing raw fairy magic.  Luba explains to Ojo that these Eggs create fairylands, though their magic is unpredictable, which is why he wants Lurline to stick around and help the inhabitants adjust.  Lurline then shows them five magic loaves that she baked from one egg.  The largest loaf is from another egg and Lurline admits that she's never cooked a Magic Egg before and doesn't know what the effect will be.  She asks each of them to take one loaf and disperse them in each corner of Oz. 


When they land, however, Lurline becomes distressed to discover that her loaf is missing!  She silences all the accusations that fly amongst them, and Pescus and Herpetium decide to divide a loaf amongst themselves so that Lurline can have one.  After shrinking them and placing them in pendants around the necks of each fairy, Lurline takes a Magic Egg and breaks it at her feet, christening the land Oz.  The yolk shines like a mini-sun before dissolving into the earth.  With that the four fairies and others disperse to the four corners of Oz, while others stay behind with Cloudcourt, awaiting their return.  Ugu suggests that Ojo and Onna go with him to Herku to accomplish his mission of convincing his past self to resist pursuing an evil course.


Button-Bright, meanwhile, had darted after a squirrel to get answers about the change in the landscape, but found himself lost.  He'd found a path, but after it seemed to lead him on a strange course, he arrived at a large outdoor party.  Most of the guests wear purple, though some yellow, red and blue.  On the verandah of a small purple house sits an old woman watching the proceedings.  Playing near him are three children, Jenta, Bina and Kram.  Bina reveals that they're all Yookoohoos and that where Jenta is from the green country, she and Kram are Gillikins, and their great aunt Grandma Natch (who sits on the verandah) is the head of the Gillikin Yookoohoos.  Button-Bright reasons that it was perhaps she who manipulated the path to bring them there.  The old woman sends the children away and asks if he's a Yookoohoo or Yoop.  When he says neither, she asks him to point out the Quadlings, Winkies and Munchkins in the crowd, which he does.  She then asks him to point out the Yoops, and he decides it must be the pompous group he sees in the crowd.  She laughs and confirms it, explaining that it's a wedding.  For the first time, a Yookoohoo and an ordinary man are marrying.  The Yookoohoo is her daughter Moyna Natch.  The Yoop is Ogram, the son of Mayor Yoop.  Grandma Natch explains that her eldest daughter Reera left home without marrying.  Button-Bright tells her what he knows of Mrs. Yoop and the Land of Oz, but when he gets to the part about the Ring of Time, both he and her come to realize what's happened and that he's come from the future.


The girl Jenta returns as Moyna starts to make a speech, and tells Button-Bright that her aunt has a problem with transformation.  Unlike other Yookoohoos, once she transforms something, she can't change it back.  During Moyna's speech, the change comes over Oz and the forest around them takes on a purple hue.  Suddenly, Mr. and Mrs. Yoop start growing into giants!  The couple only stop growing at seven yards tall.  Moyna accuses her mother, but she denies it.  She then blames Reera, but she too denies it, telling her sister that it's what she wanted in a way.  The idea of ruling over others comes to Moyna's mind and she decides to find a city to rule over.  Her husband, however, determines he first wants food, and not magic food, but real meat.  Moyna allows him to pick from her guests.  At that, they all scramble away in various forms, except for Grandma Natch who launches into a tirade.  But Moyna snatches up Button-Bright and puts him in her husband's pocket.  The giant couple walk away, and after a time come upon a walled city in the Winkie Country that Moyna determines is the place she'll rule.  Hungry, Ogram takes Button-Bright out, but suddenly the boy is turned into a hummingbird.  Flying away, he's joined by another who he identifies as Grandma Natch.  Together they fly to the city's topmost tower.


Ugu, Onna and Ojo, meanwhile, prepare to enter Herku's gates, as that is where Ugu formerly lived.  He recalls how the prosperous citizens kept giant slaves, which they managed by regularly drinking Zosozo, which made them extraordinarily strong, but skeletally thin.  But when they enter, there are no giants or skinny men.  The gatekeeper Kogden is alarmed to hear Ugu speak of giants, and misunderstanding him as meaning there are giants about to attack, runs off to warn the city.  The party then head off to Ugu's former home.  The Ugu from the past (who wears yellow) meets the Ugu from the future (who wears grey), but refuses to believe them, thinking they're magicians.  He comes to accept that they might be telling the truth after Ojo and Onna talk about the changes coming upon Oz, but he considers his future self a namby-pamby, especially because he hates being a shoemaker and shuns the company of others.  But convinced he's turning a new leaf, grey Ugu tells him he can prove who he is because he knows where their ancestors' magic books are hidden.  Though he wants them to together burn those books, yellow Ugu has other plans, and feigns innocence.  Ojo and Onna realize that it's not a good idea, but suddenly the city is overrun by giants.  Kogden explains that two giants have attacked the city from outside, while a boy on a horse started turning some of the citizens into giants to fight for Herku.  Ojo then sees that the boy on the horse is Button-Bright, but he flies off before seeing Ojo.


With their departure, Herku is left with a giant problem.  Yellow Ugu convinces the city's leader, Czarover Granadge that they can fix their problem when they retrieve his ancestor's magic books.  Granadge sends his assistant Vig to help them, but then Mrs. Yoop appears.  She threatens to turn Graenadge into a moth, but the city's giants counter that they're unaffected by the giantess' spells.  She agrees, but proves that the others aren't immune by turning Granadge into a moth.  Ojo, Onna, Vig and the two Ugu's sneak away.  Grey Ugu confesses then that it was he who stole Lurline's Magic Loaf and wished it small so he could hide it in his jacket.  Onna, Vig and the two Ugus debate what to do with it, but grey Ugu wants Ojo to decide.  He believes Lurline should be brought to Herku.  Onna Val then departs on the fairy cloud to retrieve her.


The next day, yellow Ugu sneaks into the Yoop's new, magically constructed palace, where he tells Moyna of Lurline and the Magic Loaf.  In exchange for its whereabouts, he requests a home, a living, freedom from transformations and the books his brother has hidden.  She agrees to the terms and sends two giants to accompany Ugu to bring his brother before her.  Grey Ugu and Ojo are then brought before the Yookoohoo, who demands the Magic Loaf.  Ugu refuses and she turns him into a grey dog, causing the raisin (which is the shrunken loaf) to roll away.  Ojo grabs for it and before anyone else can take it, puts it in his mouth.  But without intending to, he swallows it!  Mrs. Yoop tries to turn him into a pencil, but the spell fails.  Just then, Button-Bright, Grandma Natch and Queen Lurline show up.  Yellow Ugu tries to pin the blame on Ojo and grey Ugu, but the dog confesses, and Natch says that because of her daughter's idiosyncratic magic, he'll remain a dog forever.  Lurline then commands the Yoops to depart the city.  Angrily, she does so, leaving the two dozen giants for them to deal with. 


While yellow Ugu sneaks off, grey Ugu decides he likes being a dog.  Natch and Lurline meet with Ojo and Onna at Vig's house.  Natch takes responsbility for the giants, recognizing that she had to make them permanently giants so that her daughter couldn't turn them into something worse.  She creates housing for them, while Lurline provides Zosoxo for the ordinary citizens so that they don't get trampled.  Natch scolds Lurline for meddling and changing things that don't need or want changing without anyone's permission, but Button-Bright and Ojo confront that Oz will become the greatest fairyland in the world.  Lurline is glad to hear it and plans to give a Quadling sorceress a duplicate of her Great Book of Records.  Glinda had showed her the Forbidden Fountain, concealed behind her garden wall, which they will use to make everyone forget the misery of the past to ensure a better future.  The waters will spread to every river, stream and pool for one day.  After that, Lurline will depart, leaving two of her fairy people behind, an old man and his infant daughter.  The latter will grow slowly with the land and those who there now will grow no older, while those yet to come will choose to age if they want.  Finally, when the infant comes of age she will become ruler of Oz.  Grandma Natch decide she won't drink of waters of oblivion and Button-Bright and Ojo realize that's why no one remembers the distant past.  Natch and Lurline tell a dismayed Ojo that he can use his newfound magic to help others, and Onna Val invites him to the Land of An to teach him how to use his powers.  Button-Bright consents to go with Ojo to An, relieving both boys to get lost together.


The Lost Boy of Oz

Story: A week after he'd ended up in the past, Button-Bright misses Ojo who'd gone off to the Land of An to learn how to harness the magic he suddenly found himself in possession of where he at the Magic Loaf.  Deciding to visit his friend Grandma Natch, he goes to check in her in the Magic Picture, but there he sees Trot looking in on her mother, who now runs a boarding house for retired sailors.  Button-Bright admits he doesn't remember his mother who died when he was little.  His father died when he was 11.  Only his uncle Bob understood his wanderlust because he also had it, so he gave Button Bright the key to his attic where his brother had locked up the Magic Umbrella three years earlier after he'd gotten back from Sky Island.  With it, he flew off to Ix, Ev, Noland and Mo, where he met Trot and Cap'n Bill and came again to Oz (in The Scarecrow of Oz), after which he sent his umbrella back to Uncle Bob.


Button Bright then requests to see his uncle in the Magic Picture, and determines to go visit him, stopping only to tell Ozma.  She says she's also on a trip to see Lurline in An, and gives him a magical ring so that he can get back home safely.  With the Magic Belt, she sends him to Philadelphia.  Uncle Bob is glad to see his nephew and admits that he knows the powers of the Magic Umbrella because he'd taken some trips with it as well.  When he was 16, he'd wished to go where the magic was greatest, and ended up on Mount Phantastico!  There he was tormented by the Phanfasms, but was mercifully saved by one who called himself Jandilay, who got him across the alligator-guarded bridge.  Jandilay presented Bob with his umbrella and a young child who was in the form of a goose when he got stranded on the mountain.  Bob brought the child back home, where his older married brother raised him as his own.  His new adopted mother, prior to her death, nicknamed him Button Bright.  Button Bright is shocked to hear of his true heritage but frustrated that Jandilay never revealed who his parents, and so resolves to go see him.  Uncle Bob is not happy about this, but the boy explains the Phanfasms had been rendered harmless years ago.  Uncle Bob gives him the Magic Umbrella, and his nephew promises to return again. 


Spotting a rainbow on the horizon, he wishes to go to Polychrome's rainbow to get information on the current state of the Phanfasms.  En route, Button Bright reasons that his unknown past must be the reason he always found himself lost.  Returning to the fairylands, he alights upon the Rainbow, where Polychrome and her sisters welcome him.  She makes his body like theirs temporarily as they go to introduce him to their father, the Rainbow, along the way showing him the air castles hidden in the clouds when the rainbow passes.  Underneath the bow, Button Bright meets the mountains man who appears to be carrying the Rainbow on his shoulders (though he explains that he is in fact the Rainbow).  Button Bright tells his story, inquiring about the Phanfasms.  The Rainbow doesn't know, as they've long hidden their mountain behind enchantments and illusions, and he cannot penetrate where the sun does not shine.  Only rumors of war had come to him over the years.


The next day, Polychrome explains that her body solidifies when she touches down on the ground.  The Rainbow brings Button Bright to Mt. Phantastico and they bid him goodbye.  Button Bright is confronted with a ruined wasteland, but then an old man appears.  Button Bright queries after Jandilay, which piques the man's curiosity, and he transforms into the young Jandilay. 


Jandilay explains that his kind once had come from the outside world many centuries ago.  The Piper had come to them in their dreams, offering them magic if they would give up their figurative hearts.  They all did, save for Jandilay who resisted.  The Piper flew them off to Mt. Phantastico, and as they become heartless and powerful beings, their neighbors deemed them Erbs, evil spirits, and fled before them.  At first, Jandilay did as the others, but then he went off to live alone.  His solitude allowed him to rescue Button Bright as a baby, and the man who became his uncle as well.  Shortly after that the Nomes recruited the Phanfasms to invade Oz.  When the First and Foremost marched everyone off to war, Jandilay stayed behind.  They returned unaware of who and what they were, and he helped them to stay that way.  A being of light came to help them (Fionna Freckles, the First and Foremost), and for a few, new hearts began to grow.  But after she left, quarrelling began anew and some discovered again the true nature of their powers.  Some fled the mountain, others left, or were summoned by an older power, or for their own purposes.  Those that stayed fought a terrible war.  Of those brought there by the Piper, only Jandilay remained, trapped because his power is too great and he cannot trust himself in the larger world. 


Jandilay tells Button Bright that he arrived as a goose during a storm, and he said only to send him to Comina Dreams.  Button Bright thanks him for the information, promising to come back, and tells the Umbrella to bring him to Comina Dreams.  Hours later he arrives at a house and meets Rexona, a young girl, who tells him he's in Ev and takes him to meet her mother Darmina.  She listens to Button Bright's story, and explains that Comina was her mother, and had died, but she was not his mother.  She had come from Oz because she was pregnant, and like all women who got pregnant at the time of Lurline's enchantment, they remained pregnant.  Button Bright had helped her get to Ev, and would often visit her.  Although Darmina doesn't know who his parents were, she does remember that he called his mother Yada.  After a meal, Button Bright tells the Umbrella to take him to Yada in Oz. 


He's brought before a small house in the Gillikin Country.  When no one answers his knock, he inquires of a nearby raccoon, who informs him that the only ones who seek her out do so for magic.  Button Bright worries that she must be a witch.  Suddenly, he's changed into a mouse.  The raccoon reveals herself as Yada.  Button Bright tells her he's her son, but she's suspicious, particularly since he can't do transformations like her son could.  Her son had transformed Comina into a goose so she could leave Oz.  Button Bright concludes that he must have forgotten as he grew up as a boy in Philadelphia, and Yada concedes that their kind require a talisma to channel their powers through.  Button Bright determines that he doesn't want magic, especially after what it did to the Phanfasms, but Yada argues that the problem isn't magic, but what people do with it.  Button Bright argues that in her isolation she's as bad as Jandilay.  This angers Yada, who says she chooses not to have company, and that's the Yookoohoo Way.  Button Bright realizes to his horror that he's a Yookoohoo, but he comforts himself knowing that Grandma Natch was one, and Yada tells him that's his grandmother.  Yet, she's miffed that he's so fond of Grandma Natch and not his own mother, and she leaves him a mouse, telling him to make a talisman and prove he's her son.  Left alone, he makes several failed attempts, until Yada returns to remind him he must pour his power into talisman as he makes it.  Starting again, he fashions a talisma that works and regains his human body.


Now morning, Button Bright acknowledges his heritage and Yada admits he's her long lost son.  He'd been born less than two years before Lurline enchanted Oz.  His father was gone by then, and because it seemed he'd stopped aging at 18 months (during the time Lurline enchanted Oz), she changed him into a mouse, which are adults at that age.  Then Comina Dreams showed up with her friend Chelery, who was also pregnant, but didn't want to leave Oz.  Button Bright changed Comina into a goose and flew with her to Ev, and continually went back and forth visiting her until one day he didn't return.  Knowing the freedom and independence of the Yookoohoo Way, she let him be.  Button Bright thus recognizes his need to for freedom and why he so frequently got lost, and asks to apprentice under his mother for a month, after which he promises to visit from time to time.


Mothers of Oz

Story: Chelery Coglammen tells her friend and neighbor Comina Dreams that she wants to visit a Yookoohoo who she discovered lives in walking distance from them.  The two women want to have their babies, as they got pregnant at the time Lurline cast her enchantment of Oz, and cannot give birth.  After a long walk, they finally reach the house of Yada Natch, but the Yookoohoo is derisive of Lurline who created this mess.  The women ask for help, but she tells them there is nothing she can do.  They meet Yada's son, whose a year and a half old mouse.  The mouse agrees to help them by turning them into geese and flying them to Ev, where their babies will begin to grow in their wombs again.  Once there, he can change them back and ensure they get settled in.  Chelery refuses to go, but Comina says she's ready, and saying goodbye, flies off with Yada's son.


The Law of Oz

Story: In Burzee, Tititi-Hoochoo, the Great Jinjin, has the dragon Quox ensnare a knook in order to discover where the hidden Land of An is.  The Jinjin seeks to return An to his realm, where it had originally been, and wants to know what magic can be used in Burzee to enter An.  The knook resists, but cannot help tell him that the Silver Shoes, the Magic Umbrella and the Magic Belt would allow him to penetrate the barrier into An.


A few weeks after he first me him, Button Bright returns to Mt. Phantastico to see Jandilay.  Button Bright tells him he's a Yookoohoo, explaining what that is and that he now has a native magic from before Lurline's time.  But this upsets Jandilay whose disgusted with the idea of power and magic, and he shows Button Bright the horror of power, shaking the earth, turning into lightning, making thunder and fire and transforming into an avalanche.  At last, Jandilay returns to his own form, and Button Bright admits that no Yookoohoo or fairy could do anything like that.  Jandilay says it's why he can never leave his self-imposed exile, as he still hears the music of the Piper inside him.  He only wishes he could be a normal human being again.


Ozma and the Wizard, meanwhile, journey to Glinda, where they explain that with Ojo having such great powers they would have to make an exception to the law, preventing all but them to practice magic, a slippery slope that could lead Oz to becoming like the chaotic Land of An they'd just come back from.  Even worse, Ozma's seen Button Bright's new powers in the Magic Picture, while he spent a month with some enchantress, and then a Phanfasm!  Glinda informs them that she discovered in her Great Book of Records that Button Bright is a Yookoohoo and the enchantress is his mother.  Ozma worries that they cannot ignore a whole tribe of them breaking the law.  They must find a way to destroy their magic, but Glinda informs them that their magic predates Lurline's enchantment and is inherent to them.  Glinda encourages Ozma to return to Lurline to see if she can help them.


Ojo, meanwhile, asks Onna Val if the Land of An was always chaotic, and she tells him that after they stopped creating fairylands, Lurline fell into a depression and had family problems.  She then decided everyone could have magic in her land, but she ignores all the fighting that goes on and, apart from preventing anyone from coming or going, obsesses over writing her memoirs.  A wren arrives, summoning them to Lurline's palace, but the two struggle to get past fighting factions and an ever changing palace to reach her.  When they finally do, they're surprised to find Ozma waiting there.  Lurline explains that Ozma has come to request her most ancient possession, the Cedar Box, given her by a family member, which she's guarded due to the fact that it can destroy the magic power of anyone looking into it.   She tells Ojo and Onna to retrieve it from her Private Archive, and summon it by saying in the room's center "Emptiness is Law."  Ozma alone has the key to open it.  After a journey through the palace to reach its deepest levels, they reach the room and do as instructed.  Ozma gets it, but before she departs, Ojo requests coming back with her to see Button Bright, but Ozma declines, causing Onna to puzzle why.


As Button Bright takes the Magic Umbrella to Gugu Forest to see his mother, she scolds him for not using his own power, and she worries that he's spending time with a Phanfasm.  At last, she agrees to go with him to see her mother Grandma Natch, convinced his grandmother will convince him to make a more permanent talisman.


The next day, Grandma Natch is thrilled to discover Button Bright is her grandson, but when he invites her and his mother to come with him to the Emerald City, they're unwilling to go.  After arguing for a time, Grandma Natch concedes to visit the next time, but Yada flies back home.


The next morning, en route to the Emerald City, Grandma Natch explains that she escaped drinking the Waters of Oblivion by gathering her fellow Yookoohoos and fleeing to Ev until the waters of Oz returned to normal.  Soon enough, they enter the city where she's introduced to Jack Pumpkinhead and the Sawhorse, as well as Dorothy and the Shaggy Man.  But when Grandma Natch goes to climb the palace stairs towards Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard, Ozma opens the cedar box, tearing from the Yookoohoo all her powers.  Grandma Natch screams, warning Button Bright to take her with him and fly!  Glinda and the Wizard try to lure Button Bright, but he turns him and his grandmother into hummingbirds and flee.  Back in her own country, Grandma Natch weeps, explaining how Ozma and the others had tricked her.  With Button Bright's own talisman fading, he feels his own powers growing muffled and dim, and Natch shows him a quick way to create a temporary talisman to tide him over until he cam make a proper one.  He turns them to geese, and sends his grandmother to his mother's house.  He determines to return to the Emerald City to find out what's going on. 


Arriving at the Council Chamber, he turns himself into a fly and spies on the proceedings.  Ozma, the Wizard and Glinda explain before Dorothy, the Shaggy Man, Jack, Cap'n Bill, the Frogman and Wogglebug that legally only the three of them can perform magic in Oz.  Ozma fears the Yookoohoos will have been warned, but Dorothy counters that they should have been left alone.  Shaggy agrees that the law is what's at fault, as it punishes the innocent with the guilty, but the Wizard feels that issuing magic licenses left and right will result in them losing the peace they have.  Glinda cites the Land of An as an example, arguing that Button Bright doesn't have the wisdom to wield magic.  Jellia interrupts to tell them that a hole has opened up in the middle of the throne room.  They go to investigate, along with Trot, Betsy, Bungle the Glass Cat, Omby Amby, Scraps and the Woozy.  But Shaggy and Betsy identify it as the Hollow Tube.


Suddenly, Quox emerges with the Great Jinjin astride him.  He announces that Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard are under arrest for practicing forbidden magic.  The cedar box is his, stolen by his sister, and they used it to deprive an innocent of her birthright.  Invisible hands subdue them before they can do anything and the Jinjin even turns Glinda's magic against her.  With the cedar box in hand, Tititi-Hoochoo takes the magic powers from Ozma, Glinda and the Wizard.  He then takes the Magic Belt, declaring that with it, he'll arrest his sister, the outlaw queen, and restore An to its original domain.  He also seeks to place Grandma Natch on the throne of Oz!


An idea pops in his head, and Button Bright transforms back to himself to request Tititi-Hoochoo allow him to convince his grandmother to do this, and to wait for him until he can.  He agrees and sends Button Bright to his mother's house.  There, Button Bright explains all that's transpired and how he plans to use the Magic Umbrella to fly to An and warn Lurline, while Grandma Natch distracts the Jinjin.  The two Yookoohoos fly to the Emerald City, while the Magic Umbrella takes Button Bright to Burzee, where the Land of An is hidden.  He soon finds Ojo and Onna Val and explains what's happened.  They travel through a labyrinth of strange puzzles to Lurline's chamber, she she informs them she's been expecting them.  She'll meet her brother at the Truth Pond, which she created and placed in the Winkie Country centuries ago.  With a magical portal, Ojo is sent to the palace to tell Tititi-Hoochoo where to meet her, while Onna and Button Bright take a flying cloud to see Jandilay. 


Ojo appears in Ozma's palace and tells the Great Jinjin that Lurline has left for the Truth Pond.  The others ask to accompany him, and they depart.  Once there, he declares Lurline guilty of having created fairylands where none should exist.  Yet he won't enter the Truth Pond to retrieve her.  Yada turns him into a ball and attempts to push him in, but he quickly untransforms.  She tries this again and again, but with the same results.  Determining that he's been betrayed, he turns to smite them, but Ojo places himself in the middle, invoking the full power of the magic loaf inside him.  As his struggles threaten to overcome him, Button Bright, Ojo and Jandilay arrive, and the latter transforms into a terrible force, hurling the Jinjin into the Truth Pond. 


From it emerges a more youthful and humble brother and sister, Tititi-Hoochoo and Lurline, restored and friends again.  They explain that when the Phoenix gave them the very first Magic Egg, they differed as what they wished their land to become.  She sought a place of magic and beauty where he sought a place of order and justice.  But as he moves towards the idea that it shouldn't be used and she grows fearful that Enilrul will return to spoil things, Lurline hastily broke the egg, and the magic of it focused her love for beauty and wonder in her, and his love of justice and law in him.  After that, they never agreed again.  Now, they are whole again, as is the Land of An back across the other side of the world.  Lurline informs Ozma and the others robbed of magic that if they too bathe in the Truth Pond, their powers will be resotred.  Ozma and Glinda apologize to Grandma Natch and grant them permission to practice magic in Oz.  Jandilay retrieves for Ozma the Magic Belt, and gives the cedar box to Button Bright so that he can fulfill his promise.  He does, opening the box and taking from Jandilay his terrible powers.  As Lurline, Jinjin and Onna prepare to return to their restored realm, Jandilay asks if he could accompany them and be of some use.  The three heartily welcome him.  After goodbyes, everyone thanks Button Bright for the role he played in having saved the day.


Continuity Notes:

Button-Bright: Although Button-Bright is noted to have been four years old when he first came to Oz (The Road to Oz), this is erroneous, as Baum's chronology dictates he was six (This will be corrected in a future edition).  The other dates are more or less correct, but may require an adjustment of a year.  He went to Sky Island when he was 8 (Sky Island), in 1905, and after being given back the Magic Umbrella by his Uncle Bob, went to Mo (in The Scarecrow of Oz).  This is said to be when he was 11, shortly after his father died, however, The Scarecrow of Oz is currently listed in 1907.  Button-Bright is revealed to have not been born in Philadelphia, but to have been rescued by his Uncle Bob and a Phanfasm named Jandilay after he got stranded in Mount Phantastico.  His true identity is revealed to be the son of Yada Natch, a Yookoohoo, who was born in June of 1740, but at a year and a half, when it seemed like he'd stopped growing due to Lurline's enchantment, his mother gave him the form of a mouse, which is an adult for a mouse.  Button-Bright helped a woman emigrate to Ev so she could conceive the child she'd been pregnant with since Lurline's enchantment the year prior.  He'd made frequent visits to see her and her daughter, until one day in 1899 he got lost in a storm and ended up in the land of the Phanfasms.  Saved by a Phanfasm with a conscience, he's sent to Philadelphia with a 16 year old boy who also ended up stranded on Mt. Phantastico due to a poor command to his Magic Umbrella.  As Button Bright is returned to the form of a boy of under two years old, he grows up in Philadelphia, forgetting who and what he was until 1964.


Dating: The year of this story was predicated on the fact that Button-Bright's Uncle Bob--while very old--is still alive, as is Trot's mother.  Time Travelers of Oz runs from November 20-21st, though Button Bright and Ojo are exploring for three days prior (on November 17).  The Lost Boy of Oz begins on November 28 and ends on the 30th.  The Law of Oz takes place almost a month later, on December 27-29th.


Great Book of Records: Glinda is given her Great Book of Records from Queen Lurline, who has a similar magic book.


Herku: Once ruled by the Czarover Granadge, Vic became Czarover when Granadge was turned into a moth by Moyna Yoop, who arrived to take over rule of the city.  It was Grandma Natch who turned two dozen of its own citizens into giants to protect the city from her, a plan that ultimately failed.  Lurline provided the drink Zosoxo in order for the ordinary-sized citizens to not get accidentally trampled by their brethren.  Over time, however, the giants became the slaves of their former friends and family.  The Emerald City Mirror shows that other giants were brought to Herku to serve as slaves, either at the behest of the original 24, or because it was deemed by Vic that the workload had grown in the intervening years.


Magic Egg: This grey-colored, fist-sized egg is laid by the Phoenix of An (first mentioned in The Mysterious Chronicles of Oz); these magic eggs contain abundant raw fairy power to enchant entire lands.  Lurline notes that all eggs contain the power of the sun, which underground nomes dislike, and is why eggs are poisonous to them.  


Magic Umbrella: It's revealed that the Magic Umbrella came to Button Bright's Uncle Bob (Robert Von Smith) by means of Bob's Aunt Meg, who gave it to him when he was 16 years old.  It was passed down to Aunt Meg from a man who came to Oz in the 1700s.  See The Magic Umbrella of Oz.  The umbrella renders its users weightless, which is how they're able to endure hanging from it for long periods of time as it travels from place to place.


Ojo: Although having discovered his living parents in the capital of Seebania in the southern Munchkin Country, they let him live in the Emerald City several years earlier.  When Ojo goes back in time, he accidentally swallows an entire Magic Egg that's been baked into a loaf.  He thus gains unheralded powers that are manifest at the end of this book and in The Magic Umbrella of Oz.


Ugu: Although Ugu is restored to his original form of a man, years later, he chooses to become a dove yet again (noted in The Royal Explorers of Oz: Book 3). This is the dove that shows up in issues 49-55 of The Emerald City Mirror.


Pregnancy in Oz: Pregnant women who were alive at the moment of Lurline’s enchantment remain pregnant with their unborn children inside them.  But women who got pregnant after that are able to give birth and rear their children normally. 


Trot's Mother: The Gardener's Boy of Oz indicates the Mrs. Griffith's came to live in Oz, but as revealed in the August and later printings of The Law of Oz and Other Stories, she did not stay very long.  (See errata below).


Truth Pond: Created by Lurline centuries ago to one day restore her and her brother to the persons they were before the Magic Egg turned their divisiveness into a literal division between them. 


Sequels: The events of this story continue in several sequels, including The Magic Umbrella of Oz, The Yookoohoos of Oz and The Immortal Longings of Oz.


Uncle Bob: Aged 16 when he rescued a two year old Button Bright and brought him to Philadelphia, where the boy started to age normally, it can be calculated, therefore, that Jandilay and Uncle Bob rescued Button Bright in the year 1899.  Robert Von Smith is 80 by the time of this story.



Page 24, second paragraph: The fifth sentence indicates that Ojo is the only person to have ever spent a night in prison.  The line should read: "I'm the first person in Oz who ever spent a night in prison..."


Page 175, paragraph 2: In the first printings, Trot said regarding her mother, Mrs. Griffith: "Besides Cap'n Bill and me, you're the only person around here who ever met her."  In the later printings, however, this was corrected to reflect the fact that Mrs. Griffiths had come to live in Oz for a short while (as evidenced in Phyllis Ann Karr's The Gardener's Boy of Oz), but did not stay.  The line now reads on page 174, paragraph 3: "Besides Cap'n Bill and me, you're the only person around here who ever new her in California." Then, there's an additional line after : "I guess she figured Cap'n Bill and I got drowned at sea," on page 176, paragraph 1: "Then again later, after she decided she didn't want to stay in Oz." (This is on page 175, paragraph 2 of the new addition)





The Magic Umbrella of Oz


Available for purchase here!


Story: Immediately after the events of The Law of Oz and Other Stories, the Piper is set free when Jandilay's powers are taken from him.  The being that helped create the Phanfasms now seeks for purchase in another host, but cannot find one.  He ruminates how he lured children from the outside world centuries ago, but is disappointed that they did not conquer more worlds, content to stay in their lands playing childish games.  After having slept for many years he is awakened by Jandilay's act and sees Lurline and Tititi-Hoochoo, the very ones who long ago exiled him from An!  He flees.


Nearly a month later, Button-Bright and Ojo spend time at the palace where they learn that Ojo's magically grown peach tree produces the most delicious peaches.  Button-Bright shows Dorothy his newly created talisman and she asks if he's ever tried being a large animal.  He experiments with being a bear, but this brings the Cowardly Lion and Hungry Tiger running, causing Ojo to magically create a giant pillow to protect his friend.  Ozma tells him there's yet many powers he's not discovered.  The Wizard asks to visit Grandma Natch to look at the Magic Umbrella, where Button-Bright left it, but Jellia interrupts with news of visitors for Button-Bright.  She notes she didn't sleep well due to unpleasant flute music playing all night.  The visitors are Chelery and her husband Darrich.  She'd come to take Button-Bright up on the promise he made long ago to take her to Ev.  She's had morning sickness for over two centuries (since Lurline enchanted Oz). He finally remembers she was Comina's companion and agrees to help her.


That night, the Wizard reminds the boys that whenever they go to Ev, they'll begin growing up.  This concerns them.  He tells them he'll meet them the next day at Grandma Natch's house after they return from their trip.  Later that night, Ojo goes to his peach tree in the garden and after a few hours produces a special fruit that he gives to Button Bright in the morning.  He explains it will magically preserve his youth anywhere he goes.  He's already immortal thanks to having swallowed the magic loaf.


Earlier in the night, the green monkey that is Moyna Yoop irritates some locals in the Emerald City (who she's been pestering for years) and overhears their gossip about a Yookoohoo named Button Bright living in the Emerald City, and that several other women who've been stuck pregnant want to visit so they too can go to Ev.  As they depart, concerned over an unpleasant dream of flute music, Moyna grows angry that one of her sister's sons should enjoy his birthright while she's forced to live magic-less as a monkey.  In her rage and grief, she decides to leave Oz so that she can grow old and die, and determines to ask seek out Button-Bright at her mother's to ask him to take her to the outside world.  But then she hears the piping, angry and hungry for revenge, like her, and she listens to its voice.


The next day, Button-Bright and Ojo deliver Chelery and her husband to Darmina in Ev and she opens her heart and home to them.  After a time, the boys depart for Grandma Natch, where she, Ozma and the Wizard await them.  Visitors had come looking for Button-Bright to take them out of Oz.  Ozma thinks the boys should enlist the help of the royal family of Ev, as well as King Bud of Noland and Queen Zixi of Ix.  Natch also mentions that her daughter had come by as well, but she doesn't trust her.  The discussion turns to the Magic Umbrella.  Oscar and Ozma are fascinated by it because it's unique in that it works not only in fairyland, but the outside world as well.  Not even the Silver Shoes or Magic Belt have that ability. 


The green monkey interrupts them, demanding the Magic Umbrella so that she can leave Oz and get out of everyone's hair.  At their protest, she reminds them that Button-Bright is her nephew and a Yookoohoo and doesn't need the Umbrella.  But her mother puzzles at the way she's suddenly speaking in the plural, and Moyna admits she has an invisible friend who speaks to her through her dreams by his music.  This alarms Button-Bright, particularly when she calls him the Piper, and he overreacts, offending her.  After she departs in a rage, Button-Bright explains that it was the Piper who helped created the Phanfasms.  He realizes that when he umagicked Jandilay with the Cedar Box, he must have released him.  The Piper's been looking for recruits, they realized, and found one in Moyna.  If he returns to the outside world, it will begin again.  Button-Bright and Ojo request Ozma send them to Jandilay in An to try and get more answers, while the Wizard goes to the Emerald City to research matters in his books.  Ozma stays with Grandma Natch to await the boys' return.


The two friends are greeted by Onna Val who takes them to see Jandilay, who is renowed as the hero who reunified the two Private Citizens, Tititi Hoochoo and Lurline.  An is now a place of peace and harmony.  Even the palace is a combination of Lurline's old palace and Tititi-Hoochoo's, along with new construction.  Jandilay's glad to see them, and is happily in charge of collating all of Lurline's voluminous memoirs, which fill boxes and cover the time shortly before the Ovarious Revolution (when Lurline broke the first Magic Egg in the Land of An) to the present.  When he learns of the Piper on the loose, however, he worries, explaining that he never openly revealed himself, only ever through his music and about their power.  He shows them to one of Lurline's boxes, and a manuscript she wrote discussing the Piper a few decades after the Ovarious Revolution during the time the neighboring valleys of Estram and Tamser began taking up arms.  The Jinjin and Lurline discovered that the residents had all experienced dream-music from a shadowy piper which spurred them on to anger and violence.  Clommuc felt it particularly hard, as he was piper by trade.  Feeling sorry for him, Lurline invited him to her court, though Tititi-Hoochoo didn't like or trust him.  Years later, the Lady Na'al falls into a coma, having earlier wished only to sleep.  Joy leaves the Land of An, and the Jinjin reports that the fairy kings and queens were having dreams like those of Estram and Tamser, but soon enough he and his sister begin arguing and become estranged.  The Dual Court period begins, where each keeps to his and her own half of the palace.  When Na'al awakens, however, she admits to Tititi-Hoochoo that her dream lover was the Piper.  Now that he's gained power, he boasted of leaving her.  She acknowledges that he's Clommuc, confirming the Jinjin's long-held misgivings.  He finds and subdues him, punishing him by sending him through the Hollow Tube into oblivion, but granting him the one wish of taking his pan-pipes with him.


Onna reasons that this must be how he got into the outside world, and Ojo realizes that he was once human and had actual pipes.  They decide to visit Na'al, who is still around.  In her lonely tower, she's not pleased to see them, but Jandilay tells his story.  She marvels that anyone whose heard his music would call him an enemy.  After all the many centuries that have passed, and knowing his music was lies, she loves and pines for him still.  She's driven sleep and dreams from her life until the day he returns, and she despairs that the only way to stop him is to destroy him.  His pan-pipes are the key to his power.  But how to take them from one who only appears in dreams?


Back at Grandma Natch's, Ozma is surprised to find the Yookoohoo keeps an empty house and sleeps outdoors in an animal form.  Natch offers to show her how cozy a burrow can be and suggests turning her into a rabbit.  Ozma concedes and is shown into her burrow.  Her reverie is interrupted by banging, and Natch discovers her daughter attempting to get the Magic Umbrella to work for her.  But, remembering the Ring of Time and the Silver Shoes, she commands it to take her there, and it does!  Natch changes into an owl and pursues her, while Ozma awaits Button-Bright and Ojo's return.  Ojo worries that Moyna will disrupt history, but Ozma thinks the Ring of Time doesn't work that way, and that it's no coincidence that when they went back in time before they ended up pushing events in the right direction.  Natch returns with the bad news and the boys determine to follow Moyna into the past to prevent her getting the Silver Shoes.


Once there, they meet the Tah-Tipuu, a young woman who is the Good Witch of the North.  She warns them that the Wicked Witch of the East is called the Wise Woman.  Consulting her magical slate, she tells the boys they must restore the Silver Shoes to their rightful owner.  Ojo thinks that means they're not the witch's, but the Tah-Tipuu corrects him that since the centuries she's been around, she's had the shoes.  They are what keep her young.


In the morning, Ojo and Button-Bright transform into falcons and fly to the Munchkin Country, which they can tell by the color of the houses.  The Munchkins work as slaves with Winkie guards overseeing them.  They approach a woman named Millie Awl, who secrets them in her house and warns them that Yookoohoos are banned in her country and her sister's in the west.  She confirms that the Shoes are hers, as her grandparents remember them.  Her recent admirer, however, has just stolen them, and there is a search ongoing for him.  She tells them where the Wise Woman lives.


Finding the path to the witch's house, Ojo outspokenly explains the situation.  She finally concedes, but on certain terms: Ojo must remain with her along with Button-Bright's talisman.  Left with no choice, they concede, and Ojo is transformed into a falcon, which she chains outside her house.  Button-Bright transforms himself into a bloodhound and leaves to follow the thief's scent.  After awhile, he comes upon him.  Though his attempt to steal back the shoes fails, he surprises the man by speaking (since animals don't speak in Oz at this time).  Getting over his shock, he introduces himself as Smythe, confiding that he deceived the witch and took her shoes in the hopes of using them to get back home to London.  Button-Bright tells him he'll take him home once he gets back his Magic Umbrella, but just then Monya (who'd been following him), takes the Silver Shoes and has her thugs destroy the Magic Umbrella and dump Smyth and Button-Bright in an abandoned well.


The Wise Woman, meanwhile, hopes the shoes will restore he youth and beauty.  The Munchkin king arrives and has his men tie her up, explaining that because she's powerless, he's allied with the green monkey and the greater power she serves.  Moyna arrives, demanding the charm to make the Shoes work, threatening her with death if she doesn't.  Cannily, she bides for time, while Button-Bright begins digging, remembering the time he was four or five when his mother was dying.  He'd grabbed his father's pocket-watch and ran off to dig, envisioning himself far away, which is where he ended up, meeting Dorothy and the Shaggy Man.  With this memory, Button-Bright knows he can get out, and before long transports him and Smythe to outside the Wise Woman's house.  Ojo, still a falcon, brings Button-Bright his talisman, and he transforms himself back.  Grieving over the Magic Umbrella, they bury the elephant-headed handle and Ojo sheds a tear over its grave. 


Turning their attention to Moyna, Ojo gets an idea.  He flies out amongst them, announcing himself as an oracle, directing that for the Silver Shoes to work they must be worn by the Piper Clommuc.  With that, the Piper materializes.  The moment the pipes become solid, Ojo grabs them and Button-Bright turns them into matches, setting them ablaze.  The Piper vanishes, breaking his hold over Moyna, who passes out and leaving Clommuc behind, his last memory of the time Lurline was about to break the Magic Egg in An.  The Munchkin King flees before Button-Bright, who turns into a bear.  The Wise Woman demands the return of her shoes, but Smythe gets an idea, and Button Bright magically enchants a shard of glass, which he puts in her left shoe.  When she puts them on, she falls into a deep sleep.  Button-Bright doesn't know how long the enchantment will last, but he'd hoped for a hundred years.


Smyth expresses admiration for them, revealing his name as Von Smythe, which astounds Button-Bright who realizes he must be the first Von Smith.  Even more astounding, a plant has grown where they buried the Magic Umbrella, and from one of its shoots comes the Umbrella itself, only new.  Button-Bright gives it to Smythe to get back to London, knowing it will eventually pass to his uncle and later him.  Taking Clommuc and Moyna, they bring them along to the Ring of Time and say goodbye to Smythe.


Back at Grandma Natch's later on, the boys explain how overjoyed Na'al was to get Clommuc back, even though he didn't remember her.  They even magicked up new pipes for him.  Moyna ran off angrily when they brought her back to the present.  Button-Bright discovers that Jandialy and Onna Val want to grow up and leave An, which puzzles him, but his grandmother explains that at one time even she wanted a family.  Inquiring about his grandfather, Button-Bright is shocked to discover he was Von Smythe, who she met 250 years earlier after Button-Bright said goodbye to him at the Ring of Time.  Ojo realizes then that Button-Bright is both a Yookoohoo and a natural-born Von Smith!


Continuity Notes:

Button-Bright: It's revealed that Button-Bright is both a natural-born Yookoohoo and a Von Smith.  The discrepancy between the intelligent and helpful Button Bright of Sky Island and the flighty immature version depicted later in The Scarecrow of Oz is explained here as having to do with the way the Magic Umbrella was able to center and focus him, without which he became foggy and prone to getting lost, a natural occurrence of his being a Yookoohoo, who are naturally creatures of the wild.  How Button-Bright first arrived in fairyland is also here revealed as having a connection to his natural-born Yookoohoo powers, as well as his father's pocket watch, a reference to Outsiders from Oz.


Dating: The bulk of the story takes place in three days, just over three weeks after the events of The Law of Oz, which took place in December 1964.  This dates this story to very early 1965.


Magic Umbrella: The re-growth of the Magic Umbrella is a mystery to Grandma Natch and the boys, though it's hinted at in the text that Ojo's tear might have been the catalyst.  As Button Bright gave it to his ancestor it may, in the current time, be back at Uncle Bob's house in Philadelphia, though this is unknown.  The Magic Umbrella that appears in Mrs. Pickering Goes to Oz is likely not a duplicate the Wizard made, but the real thing that he summoned (temporarily) from the room of Button Bright's Uncle Bob, where the Wizard returned it.  See that entry for more details.


Moyna Yoop: First revealed in The Tin Woodman of Oz, Mrs. Yoop's back-story was later shown in The Time Travelers of Oz.  The concept of Yookoohoo talismans was first explicated in The Lost Boy of Oz.  Here it's revealed that Moyna's talisman was her apron.  It's also revealed in this story that Moyna wants to leave Oz and ultimately grow old and die.  This comes to pass in the alternate universe short story, "Mrs. Yoop of Oz," in which she and Woot leave Oz for the outside world.  In the Mainline Timeline, however, Moyna goes on to further adventures, including A Promise Kept in Oz, and Oziana 1983's "The Fate of the Yoops or The Yookoohoos of Oz."


Tah-Tipuu: The origin of the name used by Orin the Good Witch of the North, Tattypoo, is revealed to be a title for the magical guardians of the north.  It is unknown which Tah-Tipuu appears in this story.  It is likely a predecessor of Locasta.


Wicked Witch of the East: It's here revealed that the Silver Shoes were able to preserve the East Witch's life and youth for centuries.  She also lets it slip that her and her sister have an evil spirit inside them (p. 183), though whether she means that literally or figuratively is unknown.  She is portrayed here as intelligent and clever, but self-deceptive, believing her authoritarian rule is beneficial to the Munchkins.


Yellow Brick Road: The Road of Yellow Brick was first commissioned by the Wicked Witch of the East (then known as Wise Woman of the East) with bricks imported from the Winkie Country, using Munchkin slave labor.  As revealed in "How the Wizard Came to Oz," it was later expanded on by the Wizard of Oz, but through more benevolent means.






The Moons of Meer

History: Written by two members of the The International Wizard of Oz Club.


Story: Two children, Charlie and Ellen, enter a tunnel in an Arizona mountainside and are transported "to the fantastic land of Meer, which has two moons in its sky and a good deal of magic. They make friends with a hermit and a minstrel and set out to defeat the Scarlet Sorceress who has deposed the old king, only to arrive when she herself is being deposed by one of her lords, forcing them to team up. Meer also has a dragon who shrinks at night and friendly dog-like creatures known as karfs." (synopsis by Nathan M. Dehoff)


Continuity notes: Some Oz fans have claimed to have found the five colors representing the regions of the Land of Oz.  This can be found as the colors of the moon and stars in Chapter 2. This book was later brought into continuity by slyly calling the land Meerth and placing it in the Nonestic Ocean in the book Thorns and Private Files in Oz.




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